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Dolly Pits th. ea t hs huu.9E. mouseholc, 


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FRED. ^V. IP. J^aO, M.B. Lond 


Atttho^ of <^A Glossabt of the Cobmish DiALBCr." 




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Dr. W. T. a. PATTISON, 



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Ihtsoduction, containing 

1 . A History of the decay of the Ancient Language of Cornwall. 

2. The Remains of Cornish Literature. 

3. The Author's Remarks. 
Explanations of the Letters in the Text. 

An English-Cornish Dictionary. 

Appendix, containing Interlineal Translations, vi%. : 

1. The first chapter of the first book of Moses called Genesis. 

2. The Lord's Prayer. 

3. The Creed. 

4. The Ten Commandments. 

Also, 5. English changes of Celtic Cornish Names. 

6. Prince L. L. Bonaparte's Letter to the Cambrian Journal accusing Pryce of Plagiarism. 

7. A Verbatim copy of Pryce's Preface to the Arch»ologia Cornu-Britannica by way of serving as 

Pryce's Defence. 

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LHTJYD says, ** that to preserve any old language in print is, without all doubt a most 
pleasant and obliging thing to scholars and gentlemen, and altogether necessary in 
the study of antiquity/' 

This remark is peculiarly applicable to the ancient language of Cornwall, the 
remains of which are so well worth preserving. We call it the ancient language of 
Cornwall, but in reality the remains are those which were once spoken far beyond the 
limits of the most westerly county of England. A language only recently extinct, and 
dating from almost unknown time. 

" The Celts, says Max MuUer, seem to have been the first of the Aryans to arrive 
in Europe ; but the pressure of subsequent migrations, particularly of Teatonic tribes, 
has driven them towards the westernmost parts, aad latterly from Ireland, across the 
Atlantic. The only remaining dialects are the Welsh, the Cornish, lately extinct, the 
Armorican of Brittany, the Irish, the Gaelic of the West Coast of Scotland, and the 
dialect of the Isle of Man." 

" Gaul, Belgium, and Britain were Celtic Dominions, and the North of Italy was 
chiefly inhabited by them. In the time of Herodotus, we find the Celts in Spain ; and 
Switzerland, the Tyrol, and the country south of the Danube, have onee been seats of 
Celtic tribes. A Celtic colony settled in Asia, and founded Galatia, where the language 
spoken at the time of St. Jerome was still that of the Gauls." 

As to the Cornish branch of the ancient language of the Celts, Drew (Hist, of Corn- 
wall, vol. 1. p. 218) remarks that, *' the Cornish tongue is generally admitted to be a 
dialect of that language, which till the Saxons came in, was common to all the western 
parts of Britian, and more anciently to Ireland and Gaul.'' 

in latter times we find the Cornish language still struggling for existence, and re- 
treating across the banks of the Tamar Polwhele, (Hist, of Cornwall, vol. 3. pp. 28. 29. 
Ed. of 1803) says, ** the Conqueror and his followers, as soon as they were settled in 
this country made every effort to substitute the Norman-French for the Anglo-Saxon, 
which was generally spoken in England. In their attempts, however, to recommend 
their own language to the attention of the English, both themselves and their successors 
were for several generations unsuccessful. The Saxon prevailed in everjr part of England 
excepting Devonshire and Cornwall. In Devon indeed, it became fashionable among the 
superior orders of the people, though the inferior classes adhered firmly to their old verna- 
cular tongue. Not that the Comu-British was abandoned by every Devonian of rank or 
education. It was certainly spoken in Devonshire by persons of distinction, long after 
the present period." 

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At length the language of the Cornish Celts was heaten back towards the extreme 
west where it has ceased to be spoken almost within living memory. 

There were many causes tending to hasten the time when the old tongue would 
become extinct, and writers of Cornish history, although agreeing in general statements, 
differ from each other in some particulars. 

About the time of the Eeformation a fatal blow was given, when the Cornish 
language was disused in the services of the Church. How this was done is variously 
stated. Borlase (Nat. Hist, of Cornwall, p. 315) asserts that, " when the liturgy at the 
reformation was appointed by authority to take the place of the mass, the Cornish desired 
(Scawen, p. 49), that it should be in the English language, being apprehensive that it 
might be injoined them in their mother tongue, as it was with regard to the Welsh. By 
this means, and the gentry mixing gradually with the English, the Cornish language 
lost ground, in proportion as it lay nearep to Devon.*' 

This statement of Borlase, the clever but dogmatic Whitaker (Anc. Cathedral of 
Cornwall, vol. 2. p. 37), emphatically contradicts. He insists that, ^' the English too was 
not desired by the Cornish, as vulgar history says, and as Dr. Borlase avers ; but, as 
the case shews itself plainly to be, forced upon the Cornish by the tyranny of England, at 
a time when the English language was yet unknown in Cornwall. This act of tyranny 
was at once gross barbarity to the Cornish people, and a death blow to the Cornish lan- 
guage." Alluding to the first use of the English service in Menheniot church, Mr. 
Whitaker says, " that had the liturgy been translated into Cornish as it was in Welsh, 
the Cornish language would have been preserved to the present moment." 

But other causes were at work to which I will allude in my summary of Scawen's 
treatise on this subject. 

Another version is given in Lake's Parochial History of Cornwall (vol. 1. p. 103), 
thus : — " Humphrey Arundell, the leader of the Cornish insurgents in 1549, resided at 
Helland, near Bodmin. He was governor of St. Michael's Mount, and a man of some 
military reputation. The Comishmen in this rebellion were^ probably as much instigated 
by the attempt of the government to displace the old language in the service of the 
church as by the other innovations made upon their teligion. 

'^ Among the fifteen articles insisted upon by Arundell and his fellow rebels as the 
price of their submission, the eighth stipulates that, '' we will not receive the new service, 
because it is but like a Christian game ; but we will have our •Id serviceM)f Latin as it 
was before. And so we Comishmen, whereof certain of us understand no English, utterly 
refuse this." 

One thing is certain that when the English service was first used in Cornwall, at 
the end of the reign of that pious king Henry VIII,(1509-1547), Cornish was known and 
spoken from the Tamar to the Land's End. 

It was in Menheniot church that the English service was first used, abont 1540. 
Dr. Moreman who was the Yicar, was the first minister who taught his parishioners 
the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, and the Commandments, in English. It is evident in thus 
teaching the parishioners English, about the year 1540, at Menheniot, and not far from 
the Tamar, that Cornish was then the common speech in use among the people of that 

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The English service, though first used in Menheniot church, was not universally 
read in the Cornish churches. Hals (Paroch. Hist., p. 133) says, " the Cornish tongue 
was so long retained in this parish (Peook) by the old inhabitants thereof till about the 
year 1640, that Mr. William Jackman, then vicar thereof. Chaplain of Pendennis Castle, 
at the seige thereof by the parliament army, was forced for divers years to administer 
the sacrament to the communicants in the Cornish tongue, because the aged people did 
not well understand the English, as he himself (says Hals), has often told me." 

Drew's (Hist, of Cornwall, vol. 1. p. 224), remarks that, " although the Cornish 
' language appears to have been excluded from sdl our Coinish churches, except Feock and 
Landwednack, so early as the year 1640, yet it was not driven from common conver- 
sation until a much later period. So late as 1(550, the Cornish language was currently 
spoken in the parishes of Paul and St. Just ; the fish- women and market-women in the 
former, and the tinners in the latter, for the most part conversing in their old vernacular 

It is stated by Scawen, ^^ that the Rev. F. Robinson, rector of Landwednack preached 
a sermon to his parishioners in the Cornish language only." This was about the year 
1678, and appears to be the record of the last sermon in Cornish. 

But Cornish was not yet extinct, as the following statement will prove. 

Lhuyd, who has done so much for ancient Conish, gives us in his learned work the 
ArchsBologia Britannica, (p. 153), a glimpse of the state of the Cornish tongue. The 
spelling of the names of places is here given as he wrote them. Writing about the year 
1707 Lhuyd informs us that, " the places in Cornwall that at this day retain the ancient 
language are the parishes of St. Just, St. Paul, Burrian, Sunnin, St. Lavan, St. Krad, 
Morva, Maddem, Sunner, Tewednok, St. Ives, Lelant, Leigian, Kynwal, or (as now, 
1707, pronounced) Gylval; a'nd all along the sea-shoar from the Land's End to St. 
Eevem's near the Lizard point. But a good many of the inhabitants of these parishes, 
especially the Oentry, do rxQft understand it; there being no necessity thereof, in regard 
there's no* Cornish man but speaks good English." 

We come now to a later period. The familiar name of Dolly Pentreath reminds 
us that we have reached a period when the old language was all but quitp dead. 
A good deal of doubt has been created respecting the truth of the tales about Dolly 
Pentreath. I»to the controversy it is not necessary for me to enter. I will only say that 
I obtained, in the summer of 1882, valuable, and reliable information from Mr. Bernard 
Yicter, of Moushole, near Penzance. He is the grandson of George Badcock, who was 
the undertaker at old Dolly's funeraL Mr. Victor remembers his grand&ther, Oteorge 
Badcock, from whom the information was orally given to him. The full particulars are 
given about Dolly in my " Glossary of the Cornish dialect/' and they would take too 
much space to be recorded here. The main facts, as 1 believe them to be, are these, viz : 
that DoUy died on December 26, 1777, aged 102 years; that she was the last known person 
whose mother tongue was Cornish^ and that she knew no other language until she was a 
grown woman ; that those who lived after her time, although they could converse more 
or less perfectly in Cornish, yet they were bom and brought up when children to speak 

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That Cornish was known to some after Dolly died, is proved by the epitaph written 
in the old language, and never, so far as is known, placed on Dolly's grave about the time 
of her burial. 

From the foregoing sketch we may see how surely, if slowly, the ancient language 
became extinct. 

Even now, some remains of the old tongue are remembered quite apart from books. 

In the Cornishman (a newspaper published in Tenzance), there were in 1879, lists 
of old Cornish words, one by Mr. Bernard Victor above mentioned, and another by Mr. 
Fentreath. Each list contained about 150 words which each gentlemen had orally 

I alluded, in a previous page, to the interesting treatise by Mr. Scawen, of Molenick 
(he died aged about 84 iu 1089), on •* The causes of the Cornish Speech's Decay." 

Scawen's dissertation is given in full in D. Gilbert's *' Cornwall," (vol. 4. pp. 190- 
221), and also in Grose's "Antiquarian Repertory," (1807-9), vol. 3. pp. 208-234. 

The following is a summary account of the causes which, according to Scaweu, 
brought to an end the use of ancient Cornish : — 

1. The want of letters, or '*of a chamcter," and of authors or writers, as in the 
cases of Home and Greece, to hand the language down. 

2. The custom of the Druids to depend on memory only, and rarely on writings. 

3. The great loss to us of Armorica (Brittany), whose people were so closely allied 
to us by race and language, and the decreasing of the mutual interchanges between 
that country and Cornwall. 

4. The gradual cessation of the Miracle Flays being acted and recited before 
multitudes of Cornish in their ^* Bounds " or Plaen an Gwar6. 

6. The loss of the old stories and traditions of the Ancient Cornish. 

6. The loss of ancient records '' which some aflirm were burnt, and otherb lost in 
the ancient ruins, as of Bestormal, and other castles." 

7. ^^ Disuetude, or want of a continual use." 

8. '< A general stupidity," or ignorance and indifference as to the past. 

9. The decay of what learning there was after the suppression of the Druids, and 
^' no reparation thereof when the supposed saints " came to Cornwall ; and for latter 
times learned men who came among us, ^' seeing our own neglect of our tongue," did 
not think it worthy of being studied by them. 

10. The speech ** invaded," and " eaten up " by the use of Saxon words for ancient 

11. The near vicinity to Devon, and the Saxons, whose influence extended to tjie 
west and corrupted the language. 

12. The gentry, who anciently kept themselves in their own county, marrying out 
of it, and so admitting more '* Saxonage." 

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13. The coining in of all sorts of strangers upon us. 

14. Not having the church service continued in the ancient tongue, as it was in 

15. **The little or no help, rather discouragement " of the gentry who in Crom- 
welPs time rather laughed at the poor who persisted in speaking it. 

16. The want of writing it is the great cause of its decay, for the characters ** now 
in use," would have saved it. And, says Scav/en, " here I cannot but lament the want 
of such persons, books, records, and papers, wMch were late in being ^ and not now to be 
had, and my misfortune in not having translated them/' as for instance, the MS. of 

Anguin, and ^^ a Cornish Accidence which was destroyed by children before it 

could be brought to me," and a ^' Matins in Cornish but I could never 

attain to it." 

'* The language, says Drew (Hist, of Cornwall, vol. i, p. 218), which was once spoken 
in this county by our British ancestors, awakens our bolicitude from motives of local 
attachment, and becomes particularly interesting from the singular circumstance of its 
being now no more. At present we behold its mighty shadow in the pages of our history, 
and even this is gradually disappearing. The only scattered remnants which have sur- 
vived its oral existence, may be found in those provincial phrases, and local names for 
which Cornwall is so peculiarly remarkable." 

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AFTER the account which has been given of the causes of the decay of the Ancient 
Cornish Language, an inquiry as to the remains of Ancient, or Celtic Cornish 
Literature naturally follows. 

There is no eyidence to prove that anything was ever printed in Cornish before 
1707, when the ArchsBologia Britannica by Lhuyd was published, ^'giving some account 
additional to what has been hitherto published of the Languages, Histories, and Customs 
of the Original Inhabitants of Great Britain from Collections and Observations in Tra« 
vels through Wales, Cornwall, Bas Bretagne, L*eland, and Scotland, by Edward Lhuyd, 
M.A. of Jesus CoUege, Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, April 9th, 1707." 
This learned work contains a Cornish Preface, a Cornish Grammar, and a great number 
of Cornish words. A reference to the preface to Pryce's Cornish Dictionary, ^ given in 
the appendix of this book) will help the reader to judge how valuable were the labours 
of Lhuyd. 

Li the year 1754 was published the first, and in 1769 the second edition of the 
^^ Antiquities, Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall," by William 
Borlase. Each edition has a Cornish-English Vocabulary which contains about 4000 
Cornish words. Borlase in the preface to this Vocabulary says '* The Helps I have re- 
ceived I must acknowledge chiefly owing to the Archaaologia of the late Mr. Edward 

Lhuyd who has published a Grammar of the Cornish, and therein preserved the 

Elements of this Language, which had otherwise wholly perished with him, and his 
friend Mr. John Keigwyn, who was indeed Mr. Lhuyd's Tut our in this Point of Learn- 
ing, and died a few years after him Besides Mr. Lhuyd's Works, I have been 

£AV0ured with the perusal of a curious MS. written by the late Mr. Sea wen of Molinek, in 
Cornwall, in which, first, there was a Part of a Cornish MS. called Mount Calvary, with 
a Verbal English Translation (no small Help to a beginner) 

" I had the fevour of perusing what the late William Gwavas, Esq ; (after Mr. 
Keigwyn ; and Mr. Lhuyd, the most knowing of his Age in the Cornish Tongue) left 
behind him ; and a few MSS. of the late Mr. lioson ; part of Mr. Hals's Cornish 
Vocabulary, and some Translations of several parts of the Holy Scripture. Lastly I have 
inserted the Cornish Vocabulary, which is in the Cotton Library, London ; a MS. Mr. 
Lhuyd thought, about seven hundred years old." , . I 

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In 1790, William Pryce, M.D., of Redruth, Cornwall, caused to be published the 
" Archeeologia Comu-Biitannica, or, an Essay to preserve the Ancient Cornish Language, 
containing the Rudiments of that Dialect in a Cornish Grammar, and Cornish-English 
Vocabulary, compiled from a variety of materials which have been inaccessible to all 
other authors, wherein the British Original of some Thousand English Words in com- 
mon use is demonstrated ; together with that of the Proper Names of most Towns, 
Parishes, Villages, Mines, and Gentlemen's Peats and Families, in Wales, Cornwall, 
Devonshire, and other Parts of England/' 

It should be mentioned that Pryce used the MS. compilations of Tonkin and Gwavas, 
done about fifty years before Pryce's time, or about the year 1730. 

Severe strictures have been made on Pryce, but whether the charge of plagiarism 
be true or not, still Pryce worked^ and this should cover a multitude of sins ; and we 
have to thank Pryce for getting the ArchsBologia Comu-Britannica printed. In the 
Appendix to this book will be found Prince Napoleon's letter in which Pryce is called 
a " plagiate." I have also given a verbatim copy of Pryce's preface, so that those who 
read it may judge whether the charge of plagiarism is just or not. 

The Vocabulary in Pryco's book contains about 4000 words. The other contents 
will be noticed further on under the heading '' Minor Remains.' ' 

In the year 1826, Mr. Davies Gilbert caused to be published the Cornish Drama, 
called "Mount Calvary," but it was issued so abounding in typograhical errors as to be 
all but useless. In the year 1862, a corrected copy "under the care of a most able 
scholar," Mr. Whitley Stokes, was published for the Philological Society. 

The MS. ofMfountCalvary was written in the fifteeuth, century. Williams in the 
Preface to his Lexicon Comu-Britannicum thus describes it. " It contained 250 stanzas 
of eight lines each in heptasyllabic metre with alternate rhymes. The subject of this 
Poem is the Trial and Crucifixion of Christ. There are four copies of this manuscript, 
the oldest being in the British Museum, and the other three appear to be copies taken 
from it. Two of them are in the Bodleian Library, and in these a translation by John 
Keigwin is written on the opposite page. 

Norris {Cornish Drama) says, '^ a third paper copy has recently been found in 
Cornwall ; it is in folio, and has the English Translation, which is not carried quite to the 
close of the work. This copy is now (July, 1858) in the possession of Mr. Hotten, book- 
seller of Piccadilly. This volume contains also the '* Creation '' of William Jordan, and 
a translation of Lhuyd's Preface to his Cornish Grammar in the ArohjBBologia Britannica, 
made by the joint labours of Gwavas and Tonkin ; it is the one printed by Pryce in the 
Archseologia Comu-Britannica.'- 

In 1827 was published ^' The Creation of the World with Noah^s Flood," written 
jli Cpipish in the year 1611 by William Jordan ; with an English Translation by John 
Keigwin. This Edition was edited by Mr. Davies Gilbert, but it also is nearly useless 
because of the numerous typographical errors it contains. At the end are the First 
Chapter of Genesis, and other miscellaneous pieces written in Cornish. A correct edi- 
tion, with a translation on the opposite pages, and notes at the end of the book, was 
published by the Philological Society in 1864. This edition is entitled " Gwreans an 
Bys, The Creation of the World, a Cornish Mystery," edited with a translation and notea 
by William Stokes. 

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This play contains 2548 lines. The Cornish is that of the Language in its deeay, 
and mixed with many borrowed words from the English. 

In the year 1859 "The Ancient Cornish Drama" edited and translated by Mr. 
Edwin Norris, Secretary, R.A.S. was publish<^d at the University Press, Oxford. It is 
in two volumes 8vo. The first volume contains the " Ordinale de Origine Mundi," 
or the Beginning of the World. There are 2846 lines. The next is the " Passio 
Domini nostri Jhesu Christi," or the Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ. This contains 
3242 lines. 

The second volume begins with the " Ordinale de Resurrexione Domini nostri 
Jhesu Christi," or the Drama of the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ. This ex- 
tends to 2646 lines. The translations are given on the opposite pages. 

The second volume contains also Notes, a Sketch of Cornish Grammar, and the 
Ancient Cornish Vocabulary in alphabetical order. An Appendix of more than 70 
pages ends the work. The Old Cornish Vocabulary in this work is also in- the Gram- 
matica Celtica of Zeuss but without alphabetical arrangement. 

The MS. of this old Vocabulary entitled '* Vocabularium Wallicum" was first 
proved to be Cornish and not Welsh, by Lhuyd, who mentions it in his ArohsBologia. 
Williams speaks of it as being " of great philological importance/' It was written 
in the thirteenth century, and may be, says Williams, a copy of an older original. 

The three Dramas above mentioned are very valuable remains, and equal in amount 
all the rest of the old Language. The Cornish in them is of great purity. These 
Dramas are of the same age as " Mount Calvary." 

In the year 1865 was published in quarto, pp. 398, that fine work the Lexicon 
Comu-Britannicum, '' a Dictionary of the Ancient Celtic Language of Cornwall, in which 
the words are elucidated by copious examples from the Cornish works now remaining, 
with translations in English. The synonyms are also given in the cognate dialects 
Welsh, Armoric, Irish, Gaelic, and Manx, shewing at one view the connection between 
them. By the Rev. Robert Williams, M. A." This is indeed a grand addition to the Celtic 
Literature of Cornwall. For such a work philologists, and Comishmen, will be for ever 

About four years after the publication of the Lexicon Comu-Britannicum another 
interesting and valuable manuscript was discovered, entitled Bewnans Meriasek, or the 
Life of Saint Meriasek. This Cornish Drama was published in 1872, and ably edited, 
with a translation and notes, by Mr. Whitley Stokes. It contains 4568 lines of which 
a translation is given on the opposite pages. 

The following is from the Preface by Mr. Stokes, 

*' The drama of the Life of St. Meriasek, Bishop and Confessor was found about the 
year 1868, (Mr. Stokes, in 1872, said '* about three years ago ") among the Hengwrt 
MSS. by Mr. Wynne of Peniarth. The first thirty six lines were printed in the Aroh- 
©ologia Cambrensis for 18^9, p. 409, by the Rev. Robert Williams of Ehydycroesau, 
but the remainder is now (1872) for the first time published. 

^^ The manuscript is a small paper quarto, measuring eight and a half inches by six, 
in an old brown leather binding now labelled on the back * 310, Cornish Mystery,' and 
on tht top side ' Legendary &c. Lives of Saints, No. 2, 7 books, 310.' Inside the cover 

is a yellow label on which is printed ^ E. Wmes. Vaughan Hengwrt' It contains . 

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leaves paginated in pencil, and a leaf six and a quarter inches by six (marked 91* , 91**) 
inserted immediately before the forty sixth leaf. The versos of leaves 49 and 90 are 
occupied with rude plans of the staee. Half of p. 97, and three fourths of p. 179 are 
blank. The colophon states that the MS. was finished by ' Dominus Hadton,' in the 
year 1504 

The MS. has suffered little (fP 11 and 13 have lost a small portion of the margin), 
and is carefully preserved at Peniarth, near Towyn, Merionethshire." 

"Except a few English, French, and Latin oaths, curses, and other phrases 
scattered through the play, its language is Middle Cornish, but rather more modem 
than that of the '* Passion^^^ and of the Dramas published by Mr. Norris. 

Thus loanwords from the English are somewhat more numerous than they are in 

Mr. Norris's Dramas. Again, the vowels e and o have often become a But there 

are more phonetic corruptions. The Grammar of the language is pure Middle Cornish. 
.... The Syntax is that of the older Dramas save that the future of the verb substan* 
tive is sometimes used for the present It stands between the 14th century Oxford plays 
and the '* Creation." 



N addition to what has been already stated, it may be useful to give lists of what may 
be called the minor remains of Cornish Literature, together with any information 
connected with them. 

In Pryce's Dictionary, already noticed, are also the following, viz : — The Lord's 
Prayer, the Creed, and the Ten Commandments, all of which are given in Ancient and 
Modern Cornish. Also a collection of Proverbs, Mottoes, Rhymes, and Songs in the 
Modem or Vulgar Cornish. These are followed by Numbers, and the names of the 
months. Next to these are : — 

1. One Parson's Certificate to another to marry a person whose Banns have been 

2. On the verdict of the twelve honest men of the County of Middlesex ; and 
the judgment of the four Barons thereon. 

8. To Neighbour Nicholas Pentreath. 

4. Advice from a Friend in the Country, to his Neighbour that went up to receive 
^16,000 in London. By Mr. John Boson, of Newlyn. 

6. On a Lazy Idle Weaver. 

6. Verses on the Marazion Bowling-Ghreen, and Club. 

7. Advice to all DrunkardS| and Company. 

8. A Cornish Riddle. 

9. Advice to all Men* 

10. Another. (Advice). 

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11. A concluding one. (Advice). 

12. A Cornish Soug. 

All those numbered above have translations in English on the opposite columns. 

In pp. 55-64, Pryce has also given a " Specimen of the Modem Comish, collated 
with the Welsh, with an English translation." 

The book ends with letters from Lhuyd to Tonkin. They are very interesting as 
may be supposed. One of the letters has a long poem in Comish and Latin entitled, " In 
Obitum Eegis Wilhelmi 3tu Carmen Britannicum, Dialecto Comubiensi ; Ad Norman 
Poetarum Secnli Sexti." 

In the Western Morning News of August 2nd, 1871, an excellent list of the Gwavas 
manuscripts may be found. It is so good that it will suitably conclude this account of 
OfHmish Hemains. 


'^ rrtflE Gwavas manuscripts were formerly in the possession of the Eev. William 

X Veale, of Trevaylor. After his decease they passed to the Eev. William 

Wriothesley Wingfield, the Vicar of Gulval, by whom they were presented to 

the British Museum. They are in a bound volume, lettered Gwavas MSS. and 

are known as ^ British Museum Additional MSS. 28.554.* 

Letter from Davies Gilbert, dated East Bourne, 22nd, July 1836, to Eev. W. 
Veale; p. 1. 

Three letters from John Boson, dated Newlyn, 1709, 1711, 1720, to W. Gwavas, 
Brick Court, Middle Temple, London ; pp. 2. 10. 12. 

Letter from W. Gwavas, dated 1711 to Oliver Pendar, Merchant, Newlyn ; p. 3. 

Letter from 0. Pendar, dated Newlyn, 1711, to W. Gwavas, London ; p. 4. 

Letter from W. Gwavas, dated Middle Temple, 1711, to J. Boson, Newlyn ; pp. 8-9. 

Letter from W. Gwavas to , dated March 1731, setate 55 ; p. 11. 

Three letters from Thomas Tonkin, dated Polgorran, 1735, to W, Gwavas, Pen- 
aance; pp. 14. 18. 22. 

Three letters from W. Gwavas, dated Penzance, 1735, 36, to T. Tonkin; pp. 16. 
20. 23. 

Copy of '* The Creation, finished by J. Keygwin, gent, in ye year 1693 ;" pp. 24-49. 

Copy of "Mount Calvary,^' amended and corrected by W. H. 1679-80; pp. 51-58. 

The Lord's Prayer in Comish ; p. 50. 

Comish Glossary — jl. to c l. ; pp. 59-78. 

Comish Vocabulary — a. to w. ; pp. 80-89. ^ t 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


Cornish verses, &c ; pp. 91-97. 

The ten commandments in Cornish ; pp. 97-99 ; by T. Boson, 1710; pp. 107-108 ; 
pp. 110-114. 

The third chapter of Genesis in Cornish; pp. 100-101. 

The fourth and seventh chapters of St. Matthew in Cornish ; pp. 102-106, 

The creed in Cornish, by T. Boson, 1710; p. 106; by W. G\iavas; p. 143. 

Sundry Cornish writings, pp. 115-25. 

Story of a Man and Woman in St. Levan, "in a place called the house of a 
Ramm" (unfinished); pp. 128-29. 

Letter from Jane Manly to W. Gwavas; pp. 130-32. . 

Tho first chapter of Genesis in Cornish; pp. 126-27 

Cornish song to the tune of '^The modest maid of Kent; " p. 131. 

Copy of ** Carmen Britannicum Dialecto Cornubiensi " (6th century), by Edward 
Lhuyd, from the original, with Mr. Jenkin of Alverton ; pp. 132-34 

Song, '* Fair Maid," Cornish and English, for Edward Chirgwin; p. 185. 

Song by Mr. Jenkins, of Alverton ; p. 136. 

Inscription in Cornish for ** My Ball " by Thomas Boson ; p. 137. 

On the death of Mr. J. Keigwin, 20th April, 1716, by J. Boson ; p. 142. 

Song; p. 138. 

Letter from J. Keigwin, dated 1693, to W. Gwavas; pp. 139-40. 

Cornish Derivations, by W. Gwavas, dated Penzance. 1735 ; pp. 141-46. 

Tenants' names versified in Cornish, by Mr. Collins, paison of Breage, dated 
1723 ; p. 147. 

Pilot^s motto on a ring, dated 1734; p. 148, 

On fishing, &c; pp. 154-55. 

Sundry Cornish writings, by W. Gwavas, dated 1731 ; pp. 156-65, 167-68. 

Monumental inscription to be. put on my tomb, dated 16th September, 1719; 
William Gwavas, parish of Sithney, son and heir of Will Gwavas ; p. 166. 

''Mr. William Gwavas was the son of William Gwavas, and was bom in 1676. 
He became a barrister of the Middle Temple, where he resided for some time in Brick- 
court. Be was impropriator or lay vicar of Paul, and in that capacity had various 
disputes with the fishermen of that parish respecting the tything of fish.'' 

Sometime ago there was published *' Some observations on the Bev. B. WiUiams's 
preface to his Lexicon, by Prince L. L. Bonaparte, (London, May, 1865,) s. sh. 4to." 
This work contains '^ A copy of a letter from the Eev. (sic) W. Gwavas to T. Tonkin," 
dated Penzance, 25th January, 1732, and is as far as we know, the only other document 

Digitized by 



referring to Mr. Owavas besides those already mentioned. Some of Mr. Gwavas's 
Cornish writings have been printed by Borlase, Pryoe, and Polwhele. Mr. Gwavas died 
in 1741, and was buried at Paul, near Penzance, on the 9th January in that year." 

It is stated {Biblioth Oomub. Yeale, Eliz*".) that the first and third chapters of 
Genesis in Celtic Cornish were written by Mrs. Elizabeth Yeale the eldest daughter 
of William Qwavaa. 

There is a curious paragraph in an old newspaper called " Brice's Weekly Journal,'' 
formerly published at Exeter. 

In it, June and July, 1727, appeared '' The Exmoor Scolding," in which occurs this 
passage : " And I hear of a gentleman in Cornwall (in Antique Age Senowned — for 
Love to Satnt8 , and Shipwrecks !J who has taken noble mighty pains in translating the 
Bible into Cornish, or Comubian Welsh "—I do not know of any MS. translation such 
as Brice speaks of. Perhaps the pbrase ^^ translating the Bible " may only mean such 
parts as have been before noticed. 

It has been, and still is, a popular belief that there is not much of the old language 
left. The catalogue of remains here given goes far to prove that the popular belief is 
wrong. It should be remembered that besides the printed books in Cornish, there are 
numbers of ancient Cornish words still in use. Then, again, the name^s of persons and 
phices, derived from the old tongue, amount to at least 20,000 words. These may be 
seen in '* The Glossary of Cornish Names " by the Eev. John Bannister. Boughly 
counted there are about eight thousand Cornish words in Dr. Williams's Lexicon, four 
thousand in Pryce's vocabulary, and about four thousand in that of Borlase. 

These numbers must not be added together. Excluding the names of persons and 
places^ and numbering from all other remaining sources, it may be stated that about 
fifteen thousand words of the Celtic language of Cornwall have been saved to us. 
Borlase has many words not to be found in Pryce, and vice versa. There are also many 
words in Pryce and Borlase not to be found in Williams. Such works in Cornish as are 
preserved are valuable, because we find in them specimens of the language in its various 
stages of purity and decay. Although the books are not numerous and would occupy 
but a small space in a library, yet the words and phrases are sufficient to express almost 
every form of thought. 

It has been said that the husbandman expresses all his thoughts by using four or 
five hundred words, and Shakspere used about 15,000 words. Thus it may be seen 
that the ** remains " of Celtic Cornish stand far beyond the vocabulary of the rustic, 
and rival in their amount the words of Shakspefe. Still, we have to lament that 
much of the old tongue is quite lost to us, and especially in regard to the names of things. 
In making this compilation the following rules appeared to be the best, and most 
practical, viz : — 

1. To collect all the words which should find a place in an English-Cornish 

2. To quote some Cornish phrases for the sake of illustration. 

3. To give the various forms or spellings of the words just as they are found in 
ihe remains of ancient Cornish, without constructing a single word^ or phrase^ and without 
alteration or addition. 

Digitized by 



4. To place the various spellings of the words in a gradational form, for the sake 
of their being more easily compared. 

5. To give one authority at least for each word and phrase, for the sake of an easy 
reference to the originals. 

These rules have been followed, and the scholar will well know how to judge of 
what rests on the authority of Williams, or Borlase, or Pryce, or others. All Cornish 
words known to me as still in oral use in the Cornish dialect are here included. Some 
of these are doubtful, but it is safer to keep than to lose them. 

It seemed an endless and a hopeless task to bring the chaos of Cornish orthography 
into anything like order. 

However, by adopting a gradational arrangement of the various spellings, there is 
the satisfaction of finding that words, which when apart were hardly to be known, so 
uncouth is the spelling, become, when grouped or placed in gradationaf order, explana-* 
tory of one another 

All through the book there are four principal reference letters, viz. : W.N.P. and 
B, which are used to indicate that words so marked may be found somewhere or other in 
the pages of Williams, Norris, Pryce, or Borlase. 

There are letters, and also figures, of which information is given in the ** Explan-* 
ations," q.v. 

Somepluralsof nouns are given, sometimes separately, and occasionally immediately 
after the nouns. 

Participles are not often written. The student will know how to form them, and 
therefore a frequent admission is not required. 

The grammar is fi-om the Lexicon Comu-Britannicum of Williams, and given here 
as in his work. 

It was intended to illustrate each word by at least one Cornish quotation, but life 
is short, art is locg. 

I have been able to find many words, and to quote many Cornish phrases from the 
Beunans Meriasek, which was printed after Dr. Williams's Lexicon was published. 

It may be asked, what is the use of an English-Cornish Dictionary ? Is it a literary 
want ? Will it fill a gap in Celtic Cornish literature ? 

When we remember the labours of Lhuyd, Keigwyn, Gwavas, Tonkin, Pryce, 
Borlase, PolwheJe, Williams, Norris, Stokes, Bannister, and others, there cannot be a 
doubt that the reply should be in the affirmative. If such men thought it necessary to 
take so much trouble in preserving the remains of Ancient Cornish then surely this effort 
of mine needs no apology. 

Whether the Celtic Scholar will care for such a work as this is not for me to say, 
but I am very sure that Cornishmen especially, and many who are not natives of Cornwall, 
heartily encourage everything which helps to preserve what is left of the old language of 

Digitized by 



Borlase (Antiq. of Cornwall, 1st Ed.), in the Prefece to his Ccrnish Vocabulary, says, 
" I hope tho* what follows is not compleat, it may lay a foundation, and provoke some 
one of more leisure, to add to it an English- Cornish Vocabulary. ^^ 

Such a hope from so eminent a Cornish writer acquires the force of a command, and 
not only deserves respect, but demands fulfilment. 

My much regretted friend Dr. Bannister began an English-Cornish Dictionary, but 
he did not live to complete it, and the unfinished MS. lies buried in the British Museum. 
Dr. Bannister, like Borlase, considered such a book as this a literary want. 

A Cornish Dictionary without the English-Coniish part of it is like a bird with one 
wing. The missing wing, imperfect it may be, I have attempted to supply, 

What should we say of a Latin Dictionary without an English-Latin division? 

My wish ha^ been to compile a handy dictionary, so that anyone might find, so far 
as the remains of the ancient language will allow, what is the Cornish for an English word. 

The labours of others have made such a task comparatively easy ; indeed, without 
the works of Williams, &c., this compilation would have been impossible to me, and I 
have to acknowledge the invaluable assistance derived from all sources. 

This is simply a piece of literary drudgery, which, to use the words of Borlase, "will 
I hope, be useful to my countrymen, and satisfactory to aU who will not be too 8cra« 
pulouB and critical." 


BMe Vue Rome, Sattoih, and 

Loehyer Street^ PlynMuth. 

Digitized by 



Jf^' ••• ••• ••• ••• Woi^ and phrases from the Lexicon Gomu-Britaimicam. 

P* ... •• ... ... ••• Woids and phnMes from the ArchsBologu Coniu-Britaimioa. ^^^- 

B. ... ... ... ... ... Words and phrases from Borlase's Cornish Yocabolaiy. 

19» ... ... ... ••• ... ... ... Words from the Cornish Ghanunar of If orris. 

B. V. ... Ancient Cornish words still known apart from books to Mr. Bernard Yictor, of Monahole, near Penzance. 

W.F.P. Ancient Cornish words still known apart from books to Mr. W. F. Pentreath, of Kewqnay, ComwaU. 

2). ... ... ..* Ancient Cornish words still nsed in the Proyincial Dialect of ComwalL 

C.W. ... ... ... ... ... ... Words and phrases from " The Creation of the World." /^ ^ ' 


M,C. ... ... ••• ••• ... ... Words and phrases from '' Mount Calvary.'' 

O.M. ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... Words and phrases firom the " Origo Mnndi.** 

P.C, ... ... ... ... ... ... Words and phrases from the "Paasio Christi." 

R.D. ... ... ... ... — ... Words and phrases from the " Eesurreotio Domini" 

Jf. ... ... ... ... ... Words and phrases from the " Bennans Meriasek." /j^i;. 

Figure*. The figures point to the nnmber of the line quoted in any of the Cornish Dramas which are indicated 
by the letters given above. 


^Mi/. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Adjective. 

^idiv, ••• ... ,,, ,,, ,,. ... ,., ,«. ... Advert). 

ewij, ••• ••• ... ^,. ... ... ... ,., ... ... Conjunction. 

.' e» ... ««a .,. ^,, ,,. ,,, ... a«, ... Xu eStf toa V IB. 

ii.qd. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Idem quod, the same as. 

%fnp* •• ... ... ••• ••• ... ... ... ..• Imperative. 

innperf, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ••• ... Imperfect. 

tntefj, ... ... ... ... ... ... ••. ••. ••• Interjection. 

tirr. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... • ... ... Irrei^folar. 

Lot, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .«. ... Latin. 

Jj%t» ... ••• ... ... ••• ... •.. ... ... ... Juiteraiiy. 

part, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Participle. 

pi. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... PluraL 

pluperf. ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... Pluperfect 

poM. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Possessive. 

prep, ... ... ... ... ••• ... ... ... .. Preposition, 

pret, ... «.. ... ... ... ... ••. ... ... ... xretente* 

pron, ... ••• ... ... ... ... ... ... ... PronoTUL. 

q. V, ... ... ... ... ... ••• ... ... .. Quod vide, which see. 

#. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... «NM Substantive. 

eing, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... • • •.• Singular. 

iubf. ... ... ... ••• ... ••• ... ... ... Subjunctive, 

iuperL ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Superlative. 

V, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Verb* 

L ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... The ^ not silent. 

Digitized by 




A or AN, %nd$f, art, Un, un poUy a while, un map, a 
son ; ttit is not often used, v. In Cornish manu- 
scripts also written a and y, p. 

ABATE, r. Accoyes, b ; ha«<s6. hashe, w. 

ABATEMENT, s. AUoys, p. 

ABBOT, *. Ahat, w. 

ABIDE, t;. Gortos, wortos, p; revewse, rerese, b; 
trega, treg;6, triga, trig6. trigia. w. ; tregowhS, c.w. 
176; trussen, p. 

ABJECT, adj. Trot, troth, b 

ABLE, adf. Covaithac, cefuidoo, cyvethidog, w. ; 
kyvethidog, galluidoc, gallydhog, b. ; galhydook, p. ; 
^Uosek, gallosec, galluzack, gallozek, gallogec, gal- 
luster, b. ; gallas, p. ; gew, gyu, b, ; gyw, gwyw, w. ; 
yrvyrys, p. 

TO BE ABLE, MAY OR CAN, r. Gaily, w. ; gals6, 
galso, galsy, hylly, kally, p. ; medry, w. ; wos, 
yrvyry, yl, p. ; boz, talvez, b. 

I AM ABLE. EUam, ellim. Eilo whyelapierlcemuakf 
Can you speak Cornish ? Me eUam, I can, w. 

ART THOU ABLE? Allosti?w. 

YE ARE ABLE. Gellouch, ellouch, elloh, w. 

I HAD BEEN ABLE. Alsen. A mutation of gahm, 
1 pers. s. plup. of gaUy^ to be able, w. 

THOU HADST BEEN ABLE. Alsest. A mutation 
of galmt, 2 pers. s. plup. of gaUy^ to be able, w. 

HE HAD BEEN ABLE. Als6. A mutation of yo^^, 
8 pars. 8. plup. of gaUy, to be able, w. 

THEY HAD BEEN ABLE. Alsens. A mutation, 

of gaUmiy 8 pers. pi. plup. of golly ^ to be able, w. 
HE 18 ABLE. Or. A late form of trdr w. 

I MAY BE ABLE. Allan, hallan. Mutations of 
gallan, 1 pers. s. subj. of golly ^ to be able, w. 

I MAY BE ABLE, GyUyff. 1 pers. s. subj. of 
gaUy, w. 


I MAY BE ABLE. Hyllyf. A mutation of gyllyf, 
1 pers. s. subj. of golly, w. Also written hiiliv. 

THOU MAYEST BE ABLE. Hylly. A mutation 
otgylly, 2 pers. s. sub], of golly, w. 

HE MAY BE ABLE. Alio. A mutation of gallo, 8 
pers. s. subj. of golly, w. 

HE MAY BE ABLE. Hallo. A mutation of gallc, 
3 pers. s subj. of golly, w. 

WE MAY BE ABLE. HyUyn. A mutation of yy%ii, 
1 pers. pi. subj. of golly, w. 

hallons. Mutations of goUom, 8 pers. pi. subj. of 
golly, w. 

I MIGHT BE ABLE. Callen. A mutation of gallm, 
1 pers. s. subj. of golly, w. 

HE MIGHT BE ABLE. Call6, hall6. Mutations of 
golU, 3 pers. p. subj. of golly ^ w. 

YE MIGHT BE ABLE. Calleuch. A mutation of 
goUeuch, 2 pers. s. subj. of golly ^ w. 

I SHALL BE ABLE. Callaf, allaf, hallaf. Muta- 
tions of gollof, 1 pers. s. fut. of gdly, w. 

mutation of gyllyth, 2 pers. s. fut. of goUy. Also 
written cyUyth and kyUyth, w. 

in construction ^U, pi, 8 pers. s. fut. of gaily. Also 
written hpl, a mutation of gpl ; and ill a mutation of 
gill; other forms are, oUa, Ta mutation of goUa, 8 
pers. s. fut. of golly), and cpUf kpll, $11, 

WE SHALL BE ABLE. CyUyn, kyllyn, yllyn. Mu- 
tations of gyUyn ; and ccdlyn, kdlyn, mutations of 
gellyn, 1 pers. pi. fut. of ya%, to be able, w. 

YE SHALL BE ABLE. Hallouch. A mutation of 
gallouch, 2 pers. pi. fut. of golly. Also written 
yl/oueh, a mutation of gyUoueh, 2 pers. pi. fut. of 
goUy, w. 

Digitized by 





I SHOULD BE ABLE, Halsan. A matation oigdUm, 
1 pers. 8. pulp, of gaily, w. 

HE SHOULD BE ABLE. GyU6, k7ll6. Mutations of 
gylle, S pers. s. sabj. of golly ^ w. 

I WAS ABLE. Gellys, ellys. Also yllyn, a mutation 
oigyllyHy 1 pers. s. impcrf. of golly y w. 

HE WAS ABLE. Alias. - A mutation of goUat, 3 
pers. s. preter. oi golly , w. Hjlly, ylly, mutations 
of gylly, 3 pers. s. imperf. of golly. Also written, 
gelle and elle, w. 

WE WERE ABLE. Gelsin, elsin. Also ylsyn, a 
mutation of gyhyn, 1 pers. pi. preter. of golly^ w. 

YE WERE ABLE. Gelsich, elsich, elsih, w. 

THEY WERE ABLE. TUens. A mutation of 
gyllenSf 3 pers. pi. imperf. of golly, w. 

ABOUNDING. odj\ L6n, leana, leun, luen, w. Moh 
Mareo leun o rds, the son of Mary (full of) or, abound- 
ing in grace, m.c. 9. 

ABOUT. Cerchen, kerchen, kerchyn, cerhyn, kerhyn, 
gerchen, w. Awos gwysk^ on quetk o fue yn kerchyn 
Ihesu, because of wearing the cloth that was about 
Jesus. %,D. 1937 ; ter, Ter • hodna, about her neck. 
Zhuydy p. 249y Adro, a dhe dro, a dre dro, w. ; adres. 
p. ; tro, dro, w. 

ABOVE. Avan, a van, a vadna, aban, yn ban ; awartha, 
wartha, auch, w. ; augh, haugh, hagh, juh, yew, p. ; 
iuh, w. ; yuh, p. ; a uch, uch, uchel, huch, huhel, 
huhon, uchon, uchan, yus, iis, w. ; uge, b. ; uhal, 
hual, chual, hychol, a hugh, p. ; ahueh, w. ; auyche, 
auoz, uban, ir, h4r, p. 

ABOVE ANYTHING. Auoz travyth. p. 

ABOVE ME. pron, prep. Aughaf, p. ; uchaf (uch-mi), 
yuhaf, w. 

FROM ABOVE. Reworro, p. 

ABROAD. A m^s, yn m^s, em^s, a v^s, avte, w. > 
em^z, p. ; emeas, evez, b. ; am^s, av^s, adr^s, al^, 
w. ; al^z, p. ; alees ; Gone iha lagaeowe oleee, witii 
thy eyes abroad, c.w. 694. - 

ABROAD. (Out, outside.) Dyreas. Dho towla uyveoe^ 
to throw out. Lkuydy p. 61. 

ABROAD. (Spread abroad.) Unl^s, (un-l^s), p. 

ABROAD. (Wide open.) Leas, lees, leys, l^s, p. 

ABSCESS, 8. {An okeolor oheeeee.) Fellen, fellon, 
vellon, D. 

ABSOLUTELY, odv. Ponys. Ttho why a vyn porrye, 
then you wish absolutely, p.c. 2369. 

ABSORB, V. Dena, dene, deny, tene, tena; lency, 
lenky, dadlyncy, w. 

ABSURD, odf. Gocy, goky, g«kky, gucky. In con- 
struction woky, w. 

ABSURDITY, e. Gocyneth, gokyneth, w. 

ABUNDANCE, #. Gulloar, b. ; leasder, liastre, p. ; 
liasder, w. ; lower, c.w., 363 ; peth, b. 

ABUNDANT, adj. Caugant, cr^, crif, b.; luen, 
leun, w. 

ABUNDANTLY, adv. Laur, p. ; M^ am^, b. 

VERY ABUNDANTLY. Pdr tear, w. 

ABUSE, *. Belyny, velyny, vylyny, w. ; hiis, p. 

ABUSE, r. Provycha, p. 

ABYSS, *. L^r. Oynen may teffo the'n lur, to come 
with tu to the abyss, B.n. 2330. 

ACCEPT, 9. Cemeres, chymeres, hemeres, hymeres, 
kemeres, w. ; kymeraz, p. ; gemeres, w. 

ACCEPTABLE, adj. Lues, luhes, w. 

ACCIDENT, «. Lam, w. 

ACCOMPLISH, V. Dewedhy, dewedhe, dhewedh^, 
deweth^, diwedhe, dywedh^, w. ; dho diuadha, p. 

ACCOMPLISHMENT, *. (Fulfihnent.) Coweras, w. 

ACCORDING TO. Heruyth, herwyth, p. ; herweth, 
H. ; Herwyth y volungeth ef, according to his will o.x« 
i320. Rerwith the grath, according to thy grace, 
o.M. 2263 ; r^, uar, p. ; warlergh, h. 

ACORN, *. Mesen, w. 

ACCOUNT, *. (Esteem, value.) Bry, brys, w. ; br^x, 
B. ; pris, priz, prys, vry, w. JDSn a brye, a man of 
account, b. 

ACCOUNT, 8. Ous, ovs, p. Svr war nep ove, surely 
on any account, b.I). i368. 

IN ACCOUNT. Yn whare, b. 

ON ACCOUNT OF. R4g, w. ; aw6s, w. ; awoos, 
C.W. 1133; auoz, p. 

ON ANY ACCOUNT. Awos heghen, PC. 1474. 
ACKNOV^LEDGE, v. Dho gothy, p. 

I ACKNOWLEDGE. Whon. The aspirate mutation 

of gdn I know, w. 
ACCURATELY, arfr. P<ir eiin, p. 

ACCURSED, adj. Goef, gweve, p. ; mollethec, molet- 
hek, w. 

ACCURSED ! inter;'. Soweth ! p. Soweth on prye, ac- 
cursed be the time, w. 

ACCURSED, port. Emscumunys, w. ; emskemmunys, 
B. ; omskemynes, p. ; ymscemunys, w. ; skemynys, 
c.w. 212, schumunys, m. 2430; myleges, mylygys, 
w. ; mylyges, mylyge, p.; malegas, meleges, w. ; 
melagas, c.w. 306, vylyg^s, w. 

ACCURSEDLY, adv. Yn soweth, b. 

ACCUSE, V. Achesa, b.; cuhudh6, cuhudhas, cuhudhai 
cyhydha, w. ; kyhydha, b. ; gyhydha, w. ; guhuthai 
guhytha, guhuthas, p. ; ctQiuth^, p. ; huhuthas, b. ; 
sclandry, w. 

ACCUSATION. ». Achos. (PI. Acheson.) Acheson, 
ceson, cheson, ceyson, cheyson, keyson, w. 

ACCUSER, 9. Cuhuhudioc, perhaps, more correctly, 
cuhudhadioc, w. ; cuhupudioc, cuhuthudioc, b. 

ACCUSTOMED. (To be accustomed.) Yuzia, p. 

Digitized by 




ACKNOWLEDGE, r. Aswonvos. Aban wreth y 
(uwatwos^ since thou dost acknowledge it, p.c. 1499. 

ACQUAINTANCE, $. (Friend.) Speal, b. ; sos, n. 

ACQUAINTED, part. Cowethys. Gans Christ yth$ 
cawetkyi^ with Christ he was acquainted, w. 


TO BE ACQUAINTED WITH, v. Aswon, aswonvos, 
w. ; aswony, aswonyn, p. ; godhvos, godhf^. In 
construction changed into wodhvos^ w. 

I AM ACQUAINTED WITH. Adzhan, azwen. 
These are late corruptions of aswony to know, w. 

ACBE, ». Eru, w. ; erw, eri, p. 

ACKOSS. Drus, drues, adr^s, adr^s, dres, dreis, 
dreys, dris, drys, w. ; adrues, n. ; a leas, c.w. 2269. 

ACT, 9. (Or motion.) Gwyth, gueid, w. 

ACT, *. (Or deed.) Prat, pratt, bratt, w. ; takel, PI. 
tacklow. Taekhw privte, private actions or things, p. 
Culeth, knleth, coleth, are only used with drde, evil, 
as drdcoleth^ an evil deed, w. 

ACT, r. (To set about a thing.) Gruthyl, w. 

ACT, *. (As in a play.) Gware, gwary, w. ; guare, 
p. ; huare, b. 

ACTION, #. Gw^thres, w^thres, w. ; w^, p. 
ACTIVE, adj. Bew, bin, byw, vew ; stric, strik, w. 
ACTOR, #. Bardh, barth, w. 
ACUTE, adj. Glew, lym, w. 
ADDEB, 9. Nader, w ; nadar, naddyr, b. 
ADDER'8-TONGUE, #. (The herb.) Tavas nader, w. 
ADDRESS, 9. (Speech.) Progath, pregoth, b. 
ADHERE, V. Glen^, glyne, gleny, w. ; glenaz, dho 
glenys, sese. p. 

ADIT, 9. (A mine level.) Ty. p. A name still used. 

The open cutting at the entrance to an adit is 

called lo9t lavan, n. 
ADJURE, V. Tiah, tye, toy, w. 
ADJUST, V. Ewn6, ewnne, w. ; euna, b. A toot- 
tense ewnys da, behold it well adjusted, p.c, 3212. 
ADMIRED, part. Veras, b. See TO BEHOLD. 
ADOLESCENCE, s. Towyncneth. Lit. YOUTHPUL- 

NESS, qd. V. 
ADORE, V. Coly, p.; gordhy, gordhy^, gordhya, 

gwerdhya, gurria, w. ; guria, gworria, gwerthya, 

worth, p. ; wordhye, worria, urria, w. ; worthe, b. 
ADORATION, *. Qordhyans, gorryans, w. ; guoryans, 

gurthyans, gorty, p. ; wordhyans, w. ; worthyans, 

p. ; urria, b. 
ADORN, V. Kaerat, afyny, p. ; Avell eall wheake 

afynis, like a sweet angel adorned, c.w. 537. 
ADVANCE, V. Avonsye, SoUa-thyth the avonsyi, for 

a long time to advance thee, o.x. 2612. 

ADVANTAGE, *. Gwayn, w. ; guayn, b. ; prow, Ifts, 
w. ; leys, h. 3387. Ne veth av lis, it will not be to 
my advantage, x. 774. 

ADVERSE, adj. Tres, w. ; gorth, m. 3394. Thum du 
ny vanna boys yarth, to my God I will not be adverse, 
H. 3394. 

ADVERSARY,*. Tskerens, p.c. 737. 

ADVICE, *. Brys, br^s, br^z, w. ; briis, brues, p. ; 
vrjs, w. ; gydhaz, b. ; Cusul, cyssyl, w. ; cusyl, p. ; 
cusyll, kyssel, b. ; gusul, w. ; gusyl, p. ; husul, w. 

ADVISE, V. Cusulye, cusyllye, cossylya, w. ; cusully^, 
p.c. 667; gusulye, husulye, husullye, w.; gesul, 
p. ; cesulye, w. ; daryvas, dharyvas, p. 

HE WILL ADVISE. Gesul. A mutation of eesui, 3 
pers, sing, fut. of eesulyi, w. 

AFAR. Peldar, c.w., 1384. Peldar adro in byes, afar, 
round in (the) world, c.w. 1384. 

AFAR OFF. Abell, a bel, obel, w. ; bel, pel, p. 

AFFECTED, MINCING, adj. Foo-ty, d. 

AFFECTION, *. Brena, p.; carenga, w. ; carenzai 
karenza, garenga, p. ; cerens({, herense, w ; k^, keer, 
carer, k^ b. ; kefyans, m. 3076, JSiay dendel dyso 
kefyans, for gaining to the affection, x. 3076 ; pyt- 
hays, M. 91 ». Ortheff na toy la pythays, of me seek 
not affection, x. 918. 

AFFECTIONATE, adj. Cescer, w, 


AFFLICT, V. Duwanhe, dewhanhe, grevya, w.j 
greffya, b.i>. 502. 


AFFLICTION, s. Cfith, hath, govid, w. ; govis, 
govys, p. ; gossythyans, c.w., 1122. 

AFFLICTIONS, *. Govidion, govigion, govidzhion, 
govegion, w. 

AFFORD, V. Drei, dho drei, b. 

AFORESAID, part. Rigleverys, w. 

AFRESH. Whdth, whSth, hu4th, b. 

AFTER, or BEHIND. Adhelhar, Adhethar dyn re* 
manat behind the remainder, p. 

AFTER, AFTERWARDS. Wos, p. ; wose, w. ; uoze, 
p. ; udzhe, woge, w. ; gwose, w. ; guoze, b. ; gooze, 
p.; wage, p. ; wege, w. ; wosa, m. 22; woza, uoza, p.; 
odzha, udzha, odgha, gwodzhi, w. ; guodzhi, b.; 
guzdzhi, p. ; lyrgh, b. ; dogha p. Sythyn wose 
hemma, a week after this, o.x. 1026. fFoye soper^ 
after supper, p.c. 884; warlerch, warlyrch, w.; 
warlergh, uarlergh, warlyrgh, p. ; uarlyrch, uardha- 
lyrk, B. ; warlertii, c.w. 1864; warier, w.; uarler,B. 
ISau me warleryh drehevel, but I risen ajler, p.c. 876 ; 
but I risen afterwards, p.c. 896. 

AFTER THAT. Enm^n, b, ; gwose na, udzhena, 
w. ; ylergh, p. 

Digitized by 




AFTER THEE. War-the-lergh, p. 

AFTER THIS. Woge hemma, o.m., 1427. 

AFTERWARDS. Odzha henna, w. ; odgha uena, 
udzhehenna, udzehedda, p. ; udzhena, gaozena, b. ; 
lyrgh, p. ; warlergh, n. See AFTER or AFTER- 
WARDS for other forms. 

AFTERNOON, *. Dochageydh, w. ; dogha geyth, p. ; 
dehadzhedh, w. ; dohadzheth, b. ; dyhodzhadh, p. ; 
dyhodzhedh, dyhodzhydh, w. 

AGAIN. Arte, w. ; arta, c.w. .S50. Ny'm guelyth 
arte, thou shalt not see me again, o.v. 244. Wheth, 
w. ; whet, p.c. 1115; what, p. ; wheth ow cufyon 
dyfunough, again my wise ones awake, p.c. 1075 ; n^s, 
w. ; neys, m. 3619. Maria me a tceyl ney%^ Mary, 
I see again, m 3619. 

AGAINST. Bidn, dyag, tjag, p.; dr^s, dreis, dreys, 
dns, drys, enap, enep, erbyn, w. ; erybyn, p. ; 
erdhabyn, orthebyn, enuoch, fin, fyn, rego, b. ; 
worth, orth, warbyn, warbidn, w. ; uar bidn, p. ; 
warben, b. ; adrus, adines, n. Kyn whrylly c(nu 
adrtlsy though thou do speak against it, s.d. 1792. 
Erhyn a laha, against the law, p.c. 572. Erhyn hd/^ 
against summer, o.m. 31. The tros worth minf thy 
foot against a stone, p.c. 98. 

AGAINST HER. Er y fyn, w. 

AGAINST HIM. Er y byn, w. 

AGAINST THEE. Er dhe byn, w. ; erthebyn, m. 
2302. Drehevye eAr erthebyn^ risen surely against 
thee, H. 2302. 

AGAINST THEM. War aga phidn. er aga fyn, w. 

AGAINST US. Er agan pyn, w. 

AGAINST YOU Er agas pyn, w. ; er agas pyn huy, n. 

AGAINST SUMMER. Erbyn hif, n. 

AGE, *. Huis, w. ; buys, hyeis, wz, b. ; uz, uze, 
oose, oze, oys, og, p. ; oydge, oge, w. Same as the 
Latin seculum. Also used as to the duration of life, 
as henys {hen oys), old age, m. 167. 

AGE, or GENERATION, s. Hoedel, henath, b. 

AGITATION, *. (Excitement.) For, pore, poar, 
kilter, quilt er, n. 

AGONY, *. Pyn, peyn, poan, poen, w. 

AGGRAVATION, *. Velyny, p. See ABUSE. 

AGREE, V. (To suit with.) Blegedow. Boedy geweys 

ny blegedow, but the speeches did not agree, p. 
AGREED. (Of one mind.) Unver, w. 
AGREED. (Or bargained for.) Bargidnias, p. 
AGREEABLE, adj. Plegadow, plygadow, w. A wren 

re bo plygadow; which we do, be it agreeable, o.ii. 

1008 ; blek, p. ; ky vadhas, b. ; t^g, t^o, t^k w. ; teek, 

teage, thSk, p. 

AGREEMENT, #. Agreanz, p. ; olegaddow, b. ; ce- 
senyans, w. ; kesenyanz, p. ; gorholeth, w. 

AGGRIEVE. V. Dygnas, w. 

AGUE, 8. L^uch, w. ; l^auh, p. 

AH ! inierf. A, a dde, ah ! father ; a venen, ah ! woman, 

w. ; ha ! p. 
AHA ! inte/y, Ow, w. ; used to call attention. 

AH UNHAPPY ! tnU^j. A soweth, w. ; a syweth, a 
sjeudh, p. ; a siueth, b. 

AID, *. Fors, gweras, gweres, wer^, w. ; uerraz, p. 

AILMENT, 8, Wh§r, w. ; whear, wftr, p. 

AIR, 8. Ayr, yer, w. ; awyr, aruit, b. 

ALAS ! inter/, Ellaz, b. ; ellas, m. 368 ; aylace, c.w. 
1118; ethlays, c.w. 1040; oge, p.; trew, tru, w. ; 
sioas, B. 

ALAS, WOE IS ME! interf. Soweth, w. ; syweth, 
syuedh, p. ; siueth, b. 

ALAS, SAD ! intefy. Govy, gony, gwae, p. 

ALAS, WOE, OH ! inter/. Eychan, eyhan, w. 

ALBEIT. Syl, w. ; lyn, p. 

ALCOVE. ( ? ). A raised alcove for a bed is called a 
tola/at. D. 

ALDER, *, (Tree.) Gwem, guem, wem, w. ; wame, 
p. ; gwemen, guemen, women, wamen, w. ; gueman, 
p. A place ofaldere. Gwem, b. 

AlLE, 8. C6r, w. ; kor, b. ; coref , coruf, w. ; korav, 
B. ; corff, M. 661. 

ALEHOUSE, *. Tshyi tavargn, p. 

ALIKE, adv. Awedh, auedh, aweeth, awyetha, p.; 

cepar, kepar, w. ; kekyffrys, b.; avel, havel, w.; 

haval, havan, p. ; kevelep, p. ; hevelep, hyvelep, w. 

ALIKE, adj. Mai, val, w. 

ALIVE, adj. Eew, w. ; beu, yn beu, p. ; biu, byw. 
Tew, w. ; veu, yn v^u, in v^u, p. ; few, w. 

ALIVE, TO liE ALIVE, v. Bewe, pewe, w. 

ALL, 8. Myns, w. Myn8 a vinno, all that he will, 
N. , m^ns, w. ; 61, Eag 6l, and all, v. ; oil, hoi. Pup, 
pub, pyb. peb, bub, hup, w. ; pop, pob, p. ; pup ol, 
K. Pup dhi ol, all men. n. 

ALLOW, V. Gesy, gyssy, gosheny, preva, dhopr^, p. 

ALLY, *. Cdr, w. ; kir, b. 

ALMIGHTY, adj. Cefuidoc, w.; chefitodoc, p.; chefin- 
doc, B. ; olgallusec, olgalluster, w. ; goUousacke, 
c.w. 13. 

scoU, w. ; dowstoU. (Stokes.) ; sjle, ^. 

ALL BUT. Namna (before consonants), namnag (be- 
fore vowels), w. 

ALL DAY. T^tholl, b. A form of dSdh, day, and oU, 

ALL-HEAL, e. Guthyl; kefyl (p. 307), b. 

ALL OF US, 8. Pup huny, huny, p. 

Digitized by 




ALL SAINTS' DAY. Dew halan gwiv, deu halan 
guav, w. Lit, The calend« of winter. 

ALL THAT. 01 hedda. p. 

ALL TIMES. Pubtermin, b. For other forms see 

ALEXANDERS, «. (Name of a plant.) Skit. D. 
The Alsanders, or Smyrnium olusatrum. A doubtful 
Cornish word. 

ALLIANCE, 8. Nes, m. 2.'i90. Na ru^sen nSs, nor 
should I make alliance, m. 2590. 

ALLOW, V. Gase Part. Gesys, w. 

ALLOW YE. Gerro, a late corruption of gesouch, w. 

ALLUREMENT or BAIT, «. Peecher, w.p.p. 

ALMOST. Namna, n. Namna^n dallus, almost blinded 
us, &.D. 42 ; namnag. Namna^ yvota colon troghy almost 
is my heart broken, p.c. 3165. 

ALMS, s . Alusyon, m. 536 Rfgh dgm agis aiusgon, 
give me your alms, m. 536 ; alesonov, m. 1829. 

ALONE, ad/. Sol, p. ; unsel, unsol ; ednac, w. 

ALONG. Aber, p. ; a ber, p. ; a hys, a heys, n. 
Oroweth a heus, lie along, o.m. 1134. 

ALOOF. A bel, obel, w. 

ALPS, the ALPS, s. Mynneu, b. See Lhuyd. 

ALRE.^DY. Esos, w. ; esoz, b. ; esou, p. ; eredy, 
yredy, b. 

ALSO. A.wedh, w. ; enuedh, b. ; enwedh, inwedh, w. ; 
in weth, p. ; ynwedh. w. ; ynweth, b. ; yn weth, p. ; 
yn weyth, n. ; yn wys, p.c. 243^. Weth, wethe, 
p. ; weydh, weyth, w ; queth, quct, P. ; yc, yk, w. ; 
euth, ruth, b. ; ceceffrys, w ; kekeffrys, b. ; cefrys, 
cyffrys, cyfrevs, keffryz, keheffrys, kevery, keverys, 
p. ; magata, b. Ha ty wethe, and thou also, p. Hag 
inweth gvra the'th woity^ and also make to thy hus- 
band, o.u. 199. 

ALTAR, « Alter, altor, w. 

ALTAR-PLATE, or PATTEN,*. Engurbor. w. 

ALTHOUGH. Adal, cen, ken, cyn, kyn, w. ; keen, 
p. ; gen. ce, w. ; key, p. ; lyn, mar, p. ; pe, b. ; syl, 
w. ; drefen, drevan, drefan, drethan, p. 

ALTHOUGH, IF. Cra, cueia, w; kueia, b. 

ALTHOUGH HE IS. Centhew, kenthew, w. 

ALTHOUGH THOU ART. Kynthota. c.w. 2306. 

ALTOGETHER. Prechyons, preshyons, w. ; precins, 
O.M. 918. Precins havai thy^m certen^ altogether 
like myself certainly, o.m. 918. Warbarth, war- 
barh, b. ; Ython warbarth myshevyys^ we are alto- 
gether destroyed, o.m. 1704 ; ha heys, p. ; haheyz, 
b. ; yn tyan, m. 171 ; yn tean, c.w. 1078. 

ALWAYS. Bys, byth, vyth, bynytha, vynytha, 
bythqueth, vythqueth, byner, vyner, w, ; vynerre, o.m. 
2196 ; beppr^s, w. ; beppr^z, p. ; bypprys, bupr^s, 
w. ; pupprys, b. ; pyprys, w. ; pub pryes, pup preis, 

c.w. 44, 91 1. ; pup preys, p. ; pub preyse, pub eare, 
c.w. 2i, 228; kympez, gympes, gymps, p.; prest, 
Stella, jammes, w. ; jammas, r. 

AM, V. Tho, etho, b. 

I AM. Assoma, esof . a reduplicate, form of 6/, as also 
ezhof, w. ; adzhaf, adzhav, w. ; bos^f, bosef , bones, 
dhora, thera, thyra, thesaf, p. ; thom. Thorn kimerc%, 
I am taken, b. ; etho ve, b ; ithotf, m. 2513 ; serf, p. 
Mur serf ef bad y vester, if I am he, a bad master, p. ; 
veyf, vyf, vev, p. ; of, 6v, oyv, w. ; uav, p. ; oma, 
osav, ossav^, ossam, w. ; pethuf, p. ; y'm, o.m. I ; me 
yv, M. 2682. Jis yv yurle in venetms, I am Earl in 
Vannes, m. 2B82 ; me ewe, c.w. 124; me yw, w. ; 
ydzhiz, b. ; ydhema, a reduplicate form of oma an en- 
larged form of 6f 1 pers. s. pres. of b6s. to be ; ydha- 
ma, also a reduplicate form of oma^ w. ; ydhof, w. ; 
ythof, ythove, c.w. 1436, 1574 ; ydhesaf, w. ; ythesaf, 
c.w. 1667 ; yethesaf, c.w. 1696. The last six are re- 
duplicate forms of of, I pers. s. pres. of the irr. verb 
bds, to be. Also these variations viz., assof, yssof, 
sof, thof, N. 

I AM NOT. Nagotf, b. ; ny vethaf, c.w. 1517. 

AMAZE, V. Stumuny { ^ ) To be amazed. Omstu- 
munys, p. 

AMAZED, adj. Muscoe, museok, muskegvi, mustok, 
p. ; mescat, w ; meskat, b. 

AMEN. (So be it.) Andella re bo, andellna rebo, yn 
della re bo, andel na ra bo, andellarbo, p. 

AMEND, V. Euna, owna, w. ; ouna, p. ; gwella, 
guella, B. 

AMENDING, POORLY. Palch, w. ; palchy, d. 
This word is still used in Cornwall for one who is in 
weak health. **He is very palchy,'* *' he is only 
palched up," i. e. badly restored to health, are com- 
mon phrases. 

AMERCEMENT, s. Sp41, b. In the Cornish dialect 
•* to be spaled,'* means *' to be fined '* for loss of time 
in mine work, &c. 

AMERICA, s. Lollas, b. 

AMIABLE, adj. Hegar, w. 

AMONG, AMONGST. Em^sc, w. ; yn mesc, w. ; yn 
mesk. yn mysk, p. ; yn myske, c.w. 539 ; mesk, b. ; 
mysk, M. 8 ; yntre, p. ; ynter, w. ; trelhow, p. 

AMONG THEM. Trcns, b. ; trethe, b ; yntredhe, 
w. ; yntrethe, K. Yntrethe gasafow r as, ^Lmon^Wiem 
I leave my grace, e.d. 1584. 

AMONG US. Yntredhon, w. 

AMONG YE. Yntredhouch, ynterdhoch, w. ; yntre- 
thow, b. 

AMPLE, ad), Ledan, w. Bras ha hdan, great and 
ample, o.m. 2261. 

AMULET or CHARM, s. Soon, d. From sona, to 

Digitized by 




AMUSE, r. Dydhane, dhydhane, w. ; thythane, o.m. 
152. A russe the thythani, it would amuse thee, 
o.H. 152. 

AN, indeff art. See A or AN. 

ANCESTOR, 8. Rhaj;d:i8, w. ; rbagadaz, p. ; wid, o.m. ; 
hendas, hengyke, p. PI. rhagdazu, ragdazu, hen- 
lasou, p. ; wadow, u.m. 1624. 

ANCHOR, ». A near, augor, b. A stone anchor , (a 
stone used as an anchor,) killeck, d. A frame for the 
stone anchor. Ludas, ?.t. 

ANCHORITE, s. Ancar, w. 

ANCIENT, (idj Coth, goth, coyth, w. ; koth, cooth, 
p. ; coz, B ; hen, w. ; hean, hane, p. ; henn, b. ; 
henwys, hennawys, p. 

AND. A, ha, w. ; haw, c w. 707 ; hawe, p. These 
forms are used before a word beginning with a con- 
sonant ; as, map ha tds, son and father, p.c. 297 ; 
gu, p. ; ag, h&g, w. ; hage, bach, p. These forms are 
used before a word beginning with a vowel, as, hag yn 
tyr, and in the earth, o m. 27. The common forms 
are ha end hag. Ua is used with kepar (like, as), thus 
kepar ha deWy like a god, and is commonly joined to 
other woids as han^ i e. hdn, or ha an] other examples 
are given below. 

AND ALSO. Hagen zol, p. 

AND ME. Hammy (ha-my), w. 

AND MY. Haw {ha^w i.e. ha-ow), w. Also written 
how, i.e. how, ha-ow, w. 

AND OUR. Hain, w. 

AND OF IT. Hay, i.e. ha'y, ha-hy, b. 

AND THAT. Hai, p. ; hay, b. 

AND THE. Ha^n (ha-an), b. 

AND THIS. Hath, p., ha'th (ha-ath). 

AND THY. Hath, ha'th (ha-ath) ; h^d. w. 

ANEW. Whath, wheth, hueth, w. 

ANGEL, s. El, cal, w. ; oall, eale, c.w. 43, 134 ; eyl, 
w. ; ail, B. 

ANGEL*^, «. Eleth, m. 215; eldth, eldthe, c.w., 27, 
140; eledh, P. 

ANGELICA, s. (The herb). Coiclinhat, w. ; coic- 
linat, p. ; coillinhat, b. 

ANGER, s. For, p. (? sor) ; froth, gewar, sor, sorras, 
w. ; ;:uith, b iV'a thegovgh sor yn colony do not bear 
anger in heart, p.c. 539. 

ANGER, V. Serry, sorry, w. 

ANGERED. Serrys, w 

ANGLE, OR ELBOW, s. Elin, elyn, w. ; komat, p. 

ANGRY, a^\ Serry, p. sorras, b. 

VERY ANGRY. Resorras, b., litiauc, b. Ov arhdh 
pan %oruk eerry, when I made my lord angry, cm., 852. 

ANGRT, Pertheg^y serry, sorry, w. ; sorren, p. 

ANGUISH.^. Angos, p.; angus, w. ; ankinsy, p.; 
cas, gds, w. ; Hep joy prest maysteffo cas, without joy 
always, that anguish came to them, r.d., 160; c^ 
ken, ch^n, galar, gelar ( V ), gloys, glos, w. ; glous, 
p. ; peyn, pyn, poan, poen, w. 

ANIMAL, 8. Mil, best, eneval, w. ; gurtfiU, p.; 
guilhvil, ourthvil, b. A shtf beast. Enerales, w. 
A re? y sn all animal^ oi worm. Prif, pref , prev, 
pryf, w. 


ANIMOSITY, s. Mican, mikan, w. 

ANKLE-BONE, s. Lifem, livem, ufem, w 

ANNOY, V. Coddros, koddros, goddros, w. 

ANOINT, V. Ure, hure, ire, w. ; ira, p. ; unty^ w. ; 
yontye, b. ; ylye, w. 

ANOINTED, part. Untye, b. ; vngijs, m. 4282; 
Ungtjs gans hnina dejry, anointed therewith certainly, 
M. 428j. 

ANON. VVhare, p.; wharee, m. 1431. Omma 
tcharee, here anon, m. 1431. 

ANOTHER, adj. Arall, w. ; aral, eral, p.; areyl, ic. 
414; heyn, byn, p.; eil, eyl, neyl, yll, w. ; gele, 
gyle, p ; ken, bd., 'M6. Ha gyllys the ken tyreth^ 
and gone to another country, r.d., 346. 

ANSWER, s. Gorib, gorryb, gortheb, wortheb, gorthyp, 
worthyp, w. ; gorthib, c.w. 1754. Jle are Hc6n gar^ 
thyp thy^Sy I will soon give an answer to thee, p.c. 
512 ; wother, p. 

ANSWER, V. Gortlieby, wortheby, gorthyby, worthy- 
by, goriby, gorriby, gweriby, w. ; gorthybi, gorthebi, 
awother, p. 

ANSWERED, jt?ffr^ Awothebys, b. 

ANSWERING, Owav. Answer ycy Gorrybowhe. p. 

HE ANSWERED. Wothebys, worthybys. Muta- 
tions of gorthebys. and gorthybys, 3 pers. s. preter, of 
gortheby, and gorthyby ^ w. 

THOU SHALT ANSWER. Worthebyth A Mutation 
of gorthebyth 2 pers, s. fut. of gortheby^ w. 

HE WILL ANSW^ER. Worthyp. A mutation of 
gorthyp^ J pers. s. fut of gorthyby y w. 

ANT, 8. Meuwionen, meuion^n, mevion^n, murianean, 
B. mewwionen ( ? ) ; murrian^n, w. ; pi. Murrian, w. 
ANT-HILL, 8. Crig murrian, w. 
ANVIL, 8, Anuan, an wan, w. ; an van, b. 

ANXIETY, *. DAr, duer, dour, der, fyenns. PI 
Fyenasow, w. Miir yv ow fyenesow^ great are my 
anxieties, p.d. 1 7. ; preder, pryder, w. ; pridar, p. 

ANXIOUS, adj. Predar, c.w. 1198. 

ANY. Nep, B. Yn nep pow^ in any country, b. ; byth, 
ryth, vyt, P. ; vith, b. ; veth, fyth, p. Den byth eU, 
any man whatever. Lin vyth, (or fyth)^ any man, p. ; 
neb, w. f ^ I 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



ANY AT ALL. BythweU. 

ANYONE. Nebyn, vethol, vethyl, vythyl, p. 

ANYTHING, «. Gonon, p. ; neppeth, nep-peyth, 
travyth, (tra-byth), trevyth, tryveth, w. ; tryvyth, 
tramyn, p. 

ANYWAY. Cammen vyth. 

ANYWHERE. Pylek, p.c. 681. 

ANY WORD. G^r vyth, p. 

APOLOGIZING. Ov teharas, m. 3344. Bys may fans 
ov teharas, till they be apologizing, h. 3u44. 

APPAREL. 8. Dillas, w. ; dillaz, dyllas, dhyllas, 
(thillas), deUes, m. 1674; dillad, dillat, dilladas, 
dilladzas, dilladzhaz, p.; gweth, kueth, b. 

APE, «. Sim, B. 

APPEARANCE, s. Goloc, golok, woloc, semlant, w. 

APPELLATION, «. Hanow, anew, w. 

APPETITE, 8, Dyvotter, whans, w. ; whaDz; p. ; 
dwans, w. 

APPLE, s. Aval, w. ; avail, c.w. 706 ; avell, b. A 
daubU'Shaped apple, loder, b. 

APPLES, 8, Avalow, w. ; avalou. p. ; avallow, c.w. 
831 ; lavalow, w. ; lavalou, B. Avalow, is the plural 
for all kinds of fruits, w. 

APPLE-CAKE, 8. (The pressed mass in the cider 
press), mock, d. 

APPLK-TREE, «. Avallen, gwedhan lavolcw, gwed- 
han avalow, w. ; guedhan lavalu, p. 

APPLE OF THE EYE. (The pupil). Biu an lagat, 
p. ; biu en lagat, b. 

APPOINT, V, Ordene, ordeyne, ordyne, ordne, w. ; 
ordnes, ordnys, ordnen, p. ; gorthrodhy, w. 

APOSTLE, 8. Apostel, abostel, w. ; abestel, p. {PI. 
Abestely, abesteledh, p. ; abesteleth, w). Cannas; pi. 
cannasow, w., canasow, b. 

APOSTLES' CREED, s. Credgyans an abesteleth. 

APRIL, 8. Ebral 3li8 Ebrd, the month of April. 
Miz Ebrall, i.e. the primrose month, ** when the 
Gauls and Normans set out to go to sea for catching 
mackerel," p 

APPROACH, V. Nesse, p. ; doz ogoz, p, 

APRON, 8. Appam, lavrok-pan ; goul and guns. lAt. 
a veil for a vagina, p. In tiie Cornish dialect,a coarse 
apron is called a towser-, and a fisherman's leather 
apron, barwell, barvil, from barvas, a codfish. 

APPREHEND, v. Sensy, sensye, w. ; sinsy, p.; synsy, 
w. ; sensa, sansa, syngy, dho sendzhe, p. ; sendzha, 
w. ; sindzha, p. 

APPREHEND, v, (Seize on). Askemery, dicemmer, p. 

APT, adf. Gwyw, w. ; habal, able, p. 

ATIABTA, i. Araby. Yn Araiby, in Arabia, cm. 1930. 

ARATOR, *. Araderuur, w. See PLOUGHMAN. 

ARE, V. Ow, ou, ov, idzhaw, yr. Ov ry, are giv- 
ing, p. 
ARE YOTJ ? Erouh ? Era why ? p. 

THEY ARE. Asens, ens, gens. iVa gens^ (properly nag 
em) they are not ; mons, used with plural nouns, as 
ma IS with singular nouns ; yns, w. Yns, monz, p. ; 
mowns, w. ; ynz, b. ; ymons, y mons, used with 
nouns plural as yma is with nouns singular, w.; 
ytowns, ydhyns, ydzhens, w. 

WE ARE. On, ony, oni (6n-ni) asson, eson, idzhin ; 
jdhon, a reduplicate form of on, 1 pers. pi. of bos, 
to be, w. 

YE ARE. Ough, n. ; ouch, och, oh, o, aso ; asouch, 
esouch, ysouch, ydhouch, w. ; yzouch, b. These last 
five words are reduplicate forms of ouch, 2 pers. pi. 
pres. of bos, to be. Odzhi, w. ; a late corruption of 

ART, V. Os, p. Properly, thou art. 

ART THOU? Ose, otese, b. 

THOU ART NOT. Ny pus, p. 

IF THOU ART. Marsew, c.w. 1650 ; mar sos, mar 
sosa, mar sose, mar a sose, niar soge, w. ,* mar sota, p. 

THOU ART OR WERT. Festa, fast^, p. 

THOU ART. Bosta, 6s, w. ; 6z, p. ; osy, ose, oge, 
osa, SOS, w. ; sota, b. ; ota, ote, assos, ossoge, w. ; 
ozhoz, p. ; assosa, assota, ettoge, es6s, yssos, ydhos, 
w. ; ydhoz, b ; ydhose, w ; ythose, p. ; ythoes, c.w, 
2303 ; ythoge, p. ; ydhosta, w. ; y vosta, c.w. 2295. 
Several of the above forms of Cornish for " thou art'' 
arft reduplicates of 6s, 6se, or 6sta {ds-te). 2 pers. s. 
pres. of the irr ; verb b6s, to be. 

ARCH. 8. Guarrak, b. 

ARCHANGEL, s. ArchaU, w. 

ARCHANGEL, s. (The herb). Coichlinhat, coiclinat, p. 

ARCHBISHOP, «. Arch-escop, arch-ispak, p. 

ARCHER, *. Saithor, sethar, zethar, w. 

ARCHITECT, *. Bystorden, vysterd^n. mysterd^n, 
w. ; peidwurty, peidwura, b. 

ARGUMENT, *. Bresel, bresell, bresul, w. ; bressell, 
p. ; vresyl, w. ; scyle, p. 

ARIGHT. Poran. Te aseathe poran, thou shalt sit 
here aright, c.w., 54. 

ARISE, V. Dasserchy, tasserchy, dasserhy, tasserhy, 
w. ; erigea, b. ; sordya, Sordyas bressel, arose a 
contest, p. 

ARK, 8. Gurchel gurhal, gorhel, w. ; gorhall, p. ; 
gorhyl, o.M. 1074 ; gorthell, c.w. 2255 ; worhel, w. ; 
Lemyn noy yHh worhel ke. Now Noah go into thy ark. 
o.M. 1017 

ARM, *. (Weapon) Arv. PL Arvow. p. 

Digitized by 




AEM, «. Br^ch, breh, vr^h, vr^h, w. ; br^gh. vr^gh, 
p. (In the o.M. 262, for the pL Bregh) ; anchel, b. 

AEMS *. (The two arms). Dewvr^ch, dywvr^ch, dib- 
r^h» defr^ch, dhefr^ch, dheffr^ch, w. ; dywvregh, n. ; 
theMgh, B. ; thyw-vr^g, p.c. 1179. Kelmeugh war- 
harth y thywvreg, bind his (two) arms together, p.c. 

ARMS, «. (Of the body). Sely, b. 

HIS ARMS. Tsely. B. 

ARM OF THE SEA, «. Trot, p. 

ARMED. Arveth, ervys. p. ; ervyz, yrvyz, b. ; yrvys, 
w. Tils ervys, armed men. 

ARMORIC, adj, Brezzonnek, Lezow, b. 

ARMOUR, 8. Mael. b. 

ARMPIT, *. Ascal, casal, cazal, cesal, w. ; kazal, p. ; 
gazel, M. 1419. Lemmyn a^n caffen er an ascal, now I 
would take him by the armpit, k.d. 289. 290. 
L6khy tndan the gazel, carry it under thy armpit, m. 

ARM- WRIST, «. Codna breh. kodna breh, p. ; cona 
br^ch, w. ; conna br^gh, p.o. 2762. Lit : The neck 
of the arm. 

ARMY, «. Lu, luu, Uu, ly, Ihy, 6st, w. 

AROUND Adro, adr^s, adr^, n. In pow adro, in the 
country round, o.m. 189. A^n leys 61 adrv, of the 
world all round, o.m. 404. A dhe dro, a dre dro, n. 
Ter. w. Ter, % hodna, around her neck. Lhuyd, p. 249. 

AROUND. (THEE). Kerhyn. Tth kerhyn, around 
thee. M. 3003. 

ARRAS, 8, (Cloth of) Kyulat. p. 

ARRAY, 8. Atheray, p. 

ARRAYED. Taklays, m. 3004. Genen te a veth tak- 
laps, by us shalt thou be arrayed, m. 3004. 

ARRIVE. V Dos, done5», w. 

ARRIVED, part, Devedys, dyvythys, w. 

ARROGANCE, s. Terros, p.c. 43. Penys a reys rdgh 
y terros, penance is necessary, that his arrogance, 
p.c. 43. 

ARROW, 8. S^th, w. ; zeth, zeath, b. ; zeah, p. ; 
segh, C.W., 1573; sethan, zethan, w. , harau, p. PL 
Sethaw, c.w. 1491. 

ART, 8. Cr^ft, w. ; kr^ft, b. ; scient, sceans, skeans. 

bkeyens, scians, skyans, skyens, skeyens, w. 
ARTEMISIA, s, (The herb). Lodes, b. 

ARTICLE, *. (Or thing). P^th, peyth, pyth, w. PI 

Pethow, things ; also meaning riches, wealth, w. 
ARTIFICER, 8, Creftor, w. ; ceard, keard, b. ; sair. w. 
ARTIFICE, 8. Coyntis, goyntis, w. 
ARTISAN, «. Sair, w. See ARTIFICER. 

AS. Av^l, w. ; avele, c.w. 137. -4t;c/ yd«, like blood, 
H.D. 2600 ; Ifaga whyn (juyn) avel an titk as white 

as the milk, p.c. 3138, Maya vrds ove avele dew^ as 
great am I as God., c.w. 137. vel, mel, mal, w. ;' 
mar, mor, p. ; maga, p.c. 3138 ; cetel, kettel, kettyl, 
w. ; ketwel, p. ; kettoth, b. ; cepar, kepar, w. ; 
pekar, p. ; pecdr, pocir, w. ; pycar, pykar, b. ; pocaia, 
w. ; pokara, p. ; yn n. Yn felon, as a felon, v. 

AS. LIKK AS, THAN, SO. Del, w. ; par del, m. 
176 Alaga tik bythqueth delfue, as fair as ever he 
was. K.D. 1659. 


AS. Cy, ky, car, cara, caman, camen, cammen, tra, 
tre, dre, tro, tiy, maga, magata, mil, min, (ma-yn) w. 

AS FAR AS. Trebe, trybo, w. ; trehe, terebah, p. ; 
bet, bes, bys, w. dha*n, b. 

AS IF. Cara, kara, b. ; pocar, pokar, b. 

AS IF NOT. Kyne, kynna, p. 

AS IS. Pare dell, c.w. 43. Pare dell ywe owe hoth^ 
nefra, as is my will ever, c.w. 43. 

AS IT WERE. Haval, havel, p. 

AS LONG AS. Byzpan, p. ; c^th, k^th, w, ; enter- 
men, p. ; hedre, w. ; heddre, b. Hedri veyn heu, as 
long as I am living, p.c 115.; sp4s, b. ; tro, tra, 
try, w. 

AS MANY. Myns, b. 

AS MANY A8. Cenefra, ceniver, keniver, cenifer, 
cenyver, kenyver, kynyver, cenever, cyniver, w. 
kyniver, n. j kenifer, hynifer, p. ; pezealla, b ; 
cecemmys, kemmys, w. 

AS MUCH. Maga, w. ; vrer, p, a doubtful word. 

AS MUCH AS. Cecemmys, w. 

AS OFTEN AS. Pesgwyth. w. Pesguythe, as soon 
as p. 

AS SOON AS. Cetel. kettel, kettyl, cettoth, w. ; 
ketoth, kettoth, kettuth, kettoet, ketwel, p. ; mar 
scon, B. ; mar skan, pesguythe, p. 

AS WELL. Ceceffrys, p. ; kekeffrys, b. ; cefrys, 
cyffrys, cyfreys, keffryz, kevery, k every s, magata, p.; 
mage ta, o.m. 972. Lath ny ganse ta, kill us with 
them as well, o m. 97 i. 

ASCKND «?. Uchelle, uchellas, ychellas, euhelle, 
yuhellas, w. ; yuhellaz, p. ; ascen, ascenna, w. 
yskyn, yskynna, p. ; yscynne, escynya, w. ; eskynna, p. 

ASCENT, 8. Als. w. 

ASHAMED. To be ashamed. MMha, w. ; dho 
methe, p. 

ASHAMED, part, Cudhygic, cudhygik, w. cuthygyk, 
B.D. 1521. Ty a yl bds cuthygyk, thou mayest be 
ashamed, b.b. 1521. 

ASH-COLOXJRED, adj, G14s, w. ; glase, glaze, p. ; 
glayis, lays, b. 

ASH, V. (TVm). On. A name in general. 

Digitized by 





A SINGLE ASH TREE. Onnen. enwedhan. w.; enued- 
han, p. ; enwyth, b., but this is a pluraL PL En- 
with, enwyd, p. 

ASHES, 8. (From combustion). Losow, w. ; lozou, p. 

ASK, «?. Govyn govynny, wovyn, wovynny» gofen, 
w. ; wouyny, p. ; gophon. b. ; gefen, goffen, gofyn, 
govpn, gophidn. p.; gelwel, gylwel, celwel, w. ; 
gulwel, dymandia. p. 

I SHALL ASK. Covynnaf, cofynnaf. Mutations 
after mara of govynnaf . w. 


ASK, ENQUIRE. Cott govena. p. 

ASKED. Govynnai, govyn, p. 

ASKING, 8. (An asking). Govynnad, w. 

ASK FOR, r. Cria, creia, greia, dho greia rig, w. ; 
greiah. p. 

ASK or LOOK FOR, r. Huila, b. 

ASK or INSIST, r. Archa, w. See COMMAND, r. 

I ASKED FOR Yrhys ; a softened form of yrehi/8, 1 
pers. preter. of archa. Also used for the 3 pers. w. 

HE ASKED FOR. Yrchy. 3 pers. s. imperf. of 
archa, w. 

ASPECT 8. Miras, w. ; miraz, p. ; goloc, golok, woloc, 
tremyn, w. 

ASPEN, ». (Tree). Bedewen, bezo, bedho, w. 

ASS. «. Asen, w. ; asan, c.w. 406 ; azen, onager, w. ; 
mog^z. mogust, n. 

A HE-ASS, Rounten, d. 

A WILD ASS, Asen guill, w. ; asenguil, b. 

AN ASS COLT. Asenza, b. 

ASSAULT, t?. Tria, b. 

ASSEMBLY, 8, Cetva. w. ; chetva, ketva, p. ; chetua, 
w. But these words seem to mean the place of 
assembly. Bagat, cuntellet, cuntully» p. ; sened, 
senedh, b. 

ASSERTER. *. Dadloyar, dadloyer, dathluur, p. 

ASSIST, r. Gwer6s. weres, w. ; gueres, p. ; amwyn. b. 

ASSISTANCE, «. Gweres, gweres, w. ; gwerras, 

gweret, p. ; weres, w. ; uerraz, p. 
ASSISTANT, 8. Aber, w. 
ASSOCIATE, r. Gustle, w. 

ASSUAGE, r. Accoye#, b. ; dho aizia, p.; difydhy, 
defydhy, dufydhy, difythe, p. ; lyha, o.m. 1772. 
J/a iur y lyha the gref^ and he will surely assuage 
thy pain, 1772. 

ASSURED. Yskerens, p. 

ASSUREDLY. En dhiougel, en dhiiigel, w. ; diogel, 
diougel, p. 

ASTHMA, 8. Beranal, w. Pds, n. 

ASTONISHED. Omstumunys, r. A8toni8hed him. Om- 
stumunys, b. 

ASTONISHMENT, 8, Thir, p. 

AT. Worth, orth, ord, w. ; bez, tdm, p. ; yn, n. Tn 
pup termyn, at all times, r.d. 1040. 

AT ALL. Byth, vyth, b^th, v6th, w. ; this, b. 


AT FIRST. Wostalleth. n. Wo8talleth na wosteweth, 
at first not at last, o.m. 2762. (Not found elsewhere.) 

AT HAND. Ogas. m. 2643, Mar eue drdk eperyi 
oyae, if there be an evil spirit at hand, m. 2643. 

AT LAST. Teua, a deweth, b. ; woleweth, wosteweth, 
p. Wostalleth na wostewethy at first not at last. 
O.M. 2762. 

AT LEAST. Euliock, dhanleiah, b. ; dan leiah, en 
leiah, p. 

AT LENGTH. Breman. 

AT PRESENT. Luman, lebmyn. For other forms 
of these words see NOW, (luman ;. 

ATEST. (Thouatest). Attebres. w. See EAT v. 

ATHLETE, «. Kan-pur. 


ATHWART. DHis, drues, adriis, w. ; adrues, k. , 
Adrtl8 musury, measure athwart, o.m. 393 ; wir gam; 
p.c. 2735. 

ATONE, V, (To atone for). Prenna, p. 

ATONEMENT, «. Dewellens, w. ; dewelyans, m. 1828 ; 
devyllyens, dewhyllyans, w; dewhillyans, c.w. 2480. 
In dewelyam am peha8, in atonement of my sin, m. 

ATTACHED, adj. (Loving). Serchog, cescer, w. 

ATTAIN, V. (To attain to). Drehedhy, w. 

ATTEMPT. V, Astel. lavasy, w. 

ATTEMPT, 8, (A bold attempt) Antell, w. 

ATTENDANCE, *. Gwasanaeth, w. ; guasanaeth, p. ; 
herwith, b. 

ATTENDANT, *. Goneseg, gonidoc, w. ; gonidog, b. ; 
acectour, m. 3532. An iovk agie aeectour, the devil 
be your attendant, m. 3528. 

AUDACIOUS, adf. Dr^, drews, w. 

AUGER, 8, Tarad. tardar, w. ; thardar, o.m. 1002. 
Ov thardar ha^m morthelaw, my auger and my hammers 
o.m. 1002. 

AUGUR, *. (Soothsayer). Cuillioc, w. ; kuillioc, b. ; 

chuilliog, p. A/emale ecothayer^ cuillioges, chuUlio- 

ges, p. 
AUGUST, 8, East, mis east, w. ; miz east, i.e. eaueti, 

the month to get in harvest, p. 

AUNT, «. Modereb, w. ; modryb, modrap, b. 

Digitized by 





mam, w. ; modereb a barth mam, moderebat barth 
mem, p. 

AUNT, ON THE FATHER'S SIDE. Modereb abarh 
tat, w. 

AUTHORITY, *. (Power). Gallos, gallus, galloys, 
w. ; othoredzhek, p. 

AUTHORITY, s, (Dominion), Arthelath, w. See 

AUTUMN, «. Cyniaf, w. ; kyniaf, p. ; kyniav, w. ; 
kyniau, b. ; cidniadh, w. ; kidniadb, cidniaz, p. 

AVAILING. Yrvyrys, p. 

AVALONIA, 8. (Herb). Gouiles, b. 

AVENGED. Dylies. dyliez, w. 

AVERSE, adj\ Destotha, p. 

AWAIT, V, Gortos, wortos, w. 

AWAKE, V. Defena, devina, difune, dyfune, dyfuny, 
w. ; tefeny, p. 

AWAKE, adj. Difun, dhyfun, dufun, dyfim, w. ; 
teffen, en teffen, b ; thyfun, p.c. 2-^04. hdff me an 
gtulas duJuUf for I saw him awake, B.n. 524. 

AWAKE YE. Dufunugh, m. 1526. 

AWN, ». (The beard of com). Col, w. 

AWAKE, (To be aware of). Dho w4r, p. 

AWARE OF. War, p. 

AWARE, adj. Dous, p. 

AWAY. Cer, ker, kerr, w, ; in ker, c.w. 2127 ; kar, 
p.; cerdh, kerdh, w. ; kerth, p.; in kerth, m. 813; 
yn kergh, n. ; kergh, kyrgh, kyrhas, omelys, p. ; 
towl, b. Btie^i ny in kerth, let us come away, m. 813. 
lie yn kergh dywhans, go away quickly, k.d. 116; 
the ves, m. ; vezy, b.t, 

AWAY, BEGONE. W^r, p. 

AWFUL, adj. Uthec, uthek, uthyc, uthyk, w, ; iiter, 
b. ; ethuc, ethec, ethic, ethyc, ythec, w, 

AWFULNESS, s. Uth, euth, uthecter, w. 

AWHILE. Pols, p. Pdh the potc^s, awhile to rest, 
p.c. 1873. 

AWL, 8. Benewes, w. ; beneuas, b. 

(A WOK E, ) HE AWOKE, v. Tefenas. A mutation of 
deftna^^i 3 pers, s. ; preterite of dejcna, id. qd, dyjuny, 
to awake, w. 

AWRY, adj\ Crum, crom, p. 

AXE, a. Bui, bool, boell, bial, biail. bony, pony, w. ; 
bogl, B. 


AXLE, 8. Mellier, n. This name is for the axle of a 
frame used in the washing of tin by tinners. 

AZURE, 8. and a(^\ Oils, w. ; glase, glaze, p. ; glayis, 
lays, B. ' 


B, has the same sound in the Celtic languages as in 

It is both a radical or primary consonant, and a second- 
dary. When radical it changes into V, as bara, 
bread ; y vara, his bread .... 

The Cornish also changes the sonant B into the surd form 
P, as bew4t to live, ow petci, living .... 

When secondary, B is a mutation of J^, as pen^ a head, 
y ben, his head. W. Lex. Cwm. Brit. 

BABE, 8. Baban, maban, w. 

BACK, 8. (Of the body). Cein, w. ; kein, p. ; gein, 
hein, ceyn, keyn, geyn, w. ; heyn, p.c. 220 ; hyen^ 
p.c. 1114; chein, b. ; cheim, p.; cevn, B. ; cyn, 
^J^> gyn» cil, kil, chil, cyl, kyl, kyll, w. ; kylban. 
c,w. 1114; y kylbyn, c.w.; dywen, p.c. 1368; 
War an ay wen, on the back, p.c. 1368; halen, 
yenter tor, b. ; leyta, leth, lyth, p. Ha why8 pup 
g6th 61 ha lyth, and sweat all my neck and back, p.r. 
2512. Cil, kil, cyl, and such forms, more correctly 
mean the nape, or back of the neck ; and cein &c.» 
the loins. 

BACKBONE, 8. Asgam an hein, w. 

BACK OF THE HAND, «. Kein-dom, p. 

BACK, 8. (The upper part of a mineral lode). Broil, 
bryle. n. " 

Der, Ler devethys, come back, p. ; delhar, dhellar, 
w. ; thellar thellurgh, b ; dellarch, a dhelhar, w. ; 
a theler, p. ; war dhelhar, w. ; uar dhelar, p. ; war 
dhellar, w. ; warthellurgh, b. 

BACK-BITING, adj. Drogdavasec, w.; drokdavazek, b. 
BACON. 8. Cig mob, w. 

BACON FAT, LaRD. ». Mehin, w. ; mord mort, 
D. See LARD. 

BAD, adj. Droc, drok, drog, w. ; throg. c.w. 1411; Why 
08 byth dr6g tommennow, you will have bad blows, 
o.H. 2324. 

BAD, adj. (Naughty). Lac. w. 

BAD, adj. (Unwell). Aniach, w'. ; aniak, b. 

BAD-LUCK, 8. Meal, meawl, w. 

BADGER, 8. Broch, w. ; brogh, m. 1280; gale, w. ; 

brakgye, w. ; brathkye, p. ; grey, breck, bawson, d. 
BAG, *. Cors, siglen, b. ; sach, z4h, zeh, pot, w. 
BAG-PUDDING, 8. (White pudding). Pot guidn. p. 
BAIL, 8. Mach. To be bail for anyone, Machenno, b. 
BAIT or ENTICE, v. CHthio, b. 
BAIT or ALLUREMENT, «. Peecher, w.f.p. 
BAIT. 8. (Cut from a fish), Scethen. This cut up and 

ready to put on the hooks, tre8trem, w.f.p. ; see^hen, 


Digitized by 





BAIT, s. (Cut from the tail of a mackerel). Lash. d. 

BAKE, r. Poba, pobas, dho pobas, w. ; pobaz, uyroz, p. 

BAKED or BOILED. (Prepared to be eaten). Paret. b. 

BAKER, s, Peber, w. ; pebar, b. 

BAKE-HOUSE, 8. Ti pobas, popti, w.; pob-ti b. ; 
tshyi pobaz, tshyi vom, p. ; chy vom {ch is soft) w. 

BAKESTONE, s. Mia pobas, w. ; m^n pobaz, b. ; 
mean pobaz, p. 

BAKING-DLSH, *. Tolyer predn. b.t. This name is 
also used for a large wooden platter. 

BAKING POT, or BAKER, s. WUver, d. 

BALD, adj. Moel, w. ; leven, b. ; pil6s, pilez, pelez, 
pylles, w. ; noth, noath, noeth, nooth, noyth, b. 

BALD-HEAD, s. Pen pilez, pedn pilez, b. ; pedn 
pelez, w. 

BALD-OATS, *. Pilles, w. ; pillez, b. The avena 
niuia, of Ray. 

BALL, s. Pel, pelen, b. A ball of thread, yam, &c., 
is simply called pelUn, pdlan^ w. 

BALLAD, 8, Caniad, b. 

BALLAST, «. Gro, b. Pronounced grou. 

BAND, *. (Fillet). Colmen, celmen, gelmen, funen, w. 
BAND, *. (Or tie). Ere, b. 

BAND or COMPANY, *. Byddin, b ; lias, p. ; liaz, 
B. ; lyes, p.c. 667. M^y ma lyes gvrek ha govr^ that 
the band of men and women may be, p.c 667. 

BANDY-LEGGED, adj\ Gargam, gargabm, w. ; gar 
cam, p. 

Bang or THUMP, v, Croncye, w. ; cronkye, cronkya, 
p. ; groncye, w. 

BANISH, V. Didirio, difroi, b. 

BANISHED. Exilys, p. ; pelleys, m. 2083. An ladron 
a vethpeilegs, the robbers shall be banished, m. 2083. 

BANISHENT. «. Difroedd, b. 

BANK, «. (Of earth). Bancan, w. ; bankan, p. ; 
ladn, B. 

BANK or RAMPART, j. Tuban, w. ; tuban-agger, p. 

jsland, w. ; aut, broch, b. ; an avan, tomeuan, p. ; 
torlan, b. The wotds gldn, and gland are still in 
frequent use for a bank. 

BANK or PUBLIC STOCK, *. Tryssor, b. 
BANKER, 8. Bathor w. j bather, b. 
BANNER, *. Baniel, b. ; baner, vaner, w. 
BANNS OF MATRIMONY, «. Gosteggion, b. 
BANQUET, «. Prez-buz, b. ; sant, w. ; saut, b. 
BAPTIZE, V. Bedidhia, w.; bedidio, b. ; bysydhia, 
bysydha, bedzhidhia, bidhyzi, w. ; vygythy, p. 

BAPTIZED, pari, Bysydhys, bygydys, vygydys, w. ; 
begythys, m. 1821. 

BAPTISM, 8, Bedidhians, w. ; bedzhidian, p. ; bedz- 
hidia, b. 

Bar or BOLT, v. Bara, prenne, w. ; prenny, p.c. 
3033 ; 27ie prenny agan yettys, to bar our gates, p.c. 
20^8 ; sparla, b. 

BAR or BOLT, *. Attal, baar, claust, cloist, b. ; 
gyst, p. ; trossol, b. 


BAR or HINDRANCE, 8. Cluddias, b. 

BAR, 8, (In a court of justice). Gorseddaddleu, b. 

BARBAROUS, ad;. Creulon, b. 

B.lKBAiiISM, 8. (In speech). Lediaith, llediaith, 
lligruer, b. 

BARREL, 8. (Fish). Mehil, mehall, meill, b. 

BARBER, 8. Barbar, b. 

BARD, 8. Bardh, barth, w. 

BARE, adj. Moel. Moel vre, the bare hill, w. ; leven, 
B. ; nooth, p. ; noth, noath, noeth, noyth, piles, 
pillez, pylles, w. 

BARE, adj. (Hl-clad). Fernoyth, femeth, b. 
BARGAIN, i;. Bargidnia, dho bargidnia, p. 
BARGAINED FOR. Bargidnias, p. 

BARGAIN, 8. Ambos. Yn dan ambo8 ythesis, under a 
bargain thou art, p.c. 2259 y chyfEar, an chy far, the 
bargain, b. ; nuur, p. ; thyfar, unver, b. 

BARGE, 8. Ceibal, b. 

Bark, t^. (Like a dog). Harthy, harha, harrah, 
pefyr, b. ; ullia, w. ; uole, p. 

BARK, 8. (Of a tree). Gwisc-pren, b. ; rise, ruse, 
ruscen, w. ; risk, p. ; rusken, o.h. 778 ; Mag adro 
ifitthy rtuken, and around it bark, o.m. 77b ; leyar, 
liver, B. 

BARKED, UNRINDED. Dyruskys, p. 

BARLEY, 8. Haiz, haidh, p. ; heid, b. ; barlys, barliz, 
p. The common name is hatz. 

BARM or YE AST, «. Burm, w. ; burman, gweal, 
gw^l, B. 

BARN, *. Scaber, sciber, skiber, scibor, skibor, w. ; 
scaberias, p. 

BARON, 8. Brelyr, breyr, b. 

BARRED, part. Deges, dyges, w. 

BARREL, 8. Balliar, tonnel, w. ; tonnell, p. ; ton- 
well, B. 

BARREN, adf. Thr^s, p. 

BARREN, adf. (As of children). Anvab, w. 

BARRENESS, (As of children). Anvabat, w. 

Digitized by 





BARROW, or HAIHDBARROW, «. Gravar, gravar 
dbula, w. ; gravar dowla. b. 

BARROW, *. (Of stones). Creeg, w. ; crig, d. ; crAk, 
criic, cryk, w. ; cHig, d. 

BARROW PIG. «. (A castrated pig). Porhal, p. 

Borlase uses this word and porchel for a little pig. 
B A RTER, V. Newidio, b. ; scos or scoce, d. 
BASE, adj. (Wicked). Act. 

A BASE FEILLOW, Canchwds, w. ; caughwas, cas- 
adow, p. 

BASE. B. (Foundation). Goden, sil, sell, seyl, scyle, i 
sol, w. 

BASE or STEM. 9. Bfei, w. ; dulw, b. 

BASE, 8, (In music) Faborden. w. See BASS. 

BASENESS, s. Eselder. m.c. 1166. 

BAf^HFUL, adj, M^h, moth, mul. mfilder, yswil, b. 

BASHFULITESS, «. Medh, m^th, w. 

BASKET, 8, Basced. p. ; bascaeid, b. ; bascauda» p. ; 
cawal, cauwel, cowal. cowel, w. ; kaval, b. ; costan, 
D, a name still for a basket used for straw and bram- 
bles ; guisetti, b. ; kanstal, muys, b. A fish basket 
is still called a cotoeL 

BASTX. 8. Bathon, batbyn, cawg, ysgal, b. 

BASS, 8. (In music). Faborden, b.d. 2359. Kemugh 
why faborden hrm^ you sing a great bass. b.d. 2359. 

BAST or BEAT, r. Marthu, b. IaL To hammer ; 
fiista, fysta, w. 

BASTARD, «. Bastardh. w. ; pagva, m. 2893 ; Tagva 
mergh e8, a girl's bastard thou wast. m. 2393. 

BASTARD'S BASTARD, *. Hingerlin, b. 

BAT, 8, (The animal). Sgelli-grehan, w. ; skelli-grehan, 
B. ; asgelly-grohen, hisommet, hihsomet, w. ; Lit^ 
meaning, leather wings. In Devon, 8gerligreha% a 
name also used by Borlase. Ystlym, p. 

BATCHELOR, «. (Unmarried man). Gwyrif, b. 

BATH, *. Golch, b. 

BATTLE, 8, At, hir, w. ; heir, p. ; cad, cds, gis, w. ; 

gwaeth, B. 
BATTLE-FIELD, «. Gwaeth, b. 
BATTLE ARRAY, «. Luid, w. 
BATTLEDORE, *. Pelegyp, b. 
* BAUBLE, 8. Gwailbeth, b. 
BAWD, 8, Buttein, muyglen, b. 
BAWDY-HOUSE, «. Puttendy, tshyi bora. b. 
BAWL. V, (To cry out). Bloeddio, gwaeddi, b. 
BAY, V, (Like a dog). Harthy, harha, w. ; harrah, b. 

BAY, 8. Hean, p. ; gwic, porth, w. ; zanz ; hence, 
says Pryce Penzance, the head of the bay, and not the 
Saint's head, as some imagine. 

BAY, i. (Of a building). Cowlas, b. 

BE, V. (To be). Boa. w. ; boz, dho boz, boes, htia, 
bas, baz, p. ; poz, b. ; bones, w. ; bonez, b. ; bonas, 
bosa (poetittsdly), w. ; rebos, rebue, rig li, p. ; vos, 
w. ; voae, b. ; voos, c.w. 238S ; vea, voy, the voy, 
p. ; vones, w. ; wos, b. ; moy, ez, p. 

THEY BE. Vons, sens, b. 

THAT HE BE. A wos, b. 

IT MUST BE. Porris. b. 

THOU BEEST. Sos, b. 

IF IN ME BE. Kenymbo, {ken ym ho), p. 

BE IT. Rebo, rubo, reby, rebee, p. 

BE HE. Beva, w. 

BE THOU. Byth, h. ; bedh, bydh, b^z, by, w. ; beva 
te, bethys, p. ; fydh, w. ; soge, b. ; vddh, vydh, 
mutations of hedh and hydh, 2 pers. s. imp. of hde, to 
be, w. 

BE YE, Bedhouch, bedhowh, bedheuch, bydhouch, 
pethouch, pethough ; vedhouch, a mutation of bed- 
houch, 2 pers. pi. imp. of bde, to be, w. ; bethough n» 

BE TO ME. Byma, p. 

LET HIM BE. Boes, bedhes, bydh, bis, w. 

LET IT BE. Fon, reth fo, wreth fo, p. 

LET THEM BE. Bedhens, bedhans, w. ; bethens, w* 

LET US BE. Bethon, ir. 

YE BE. Sew, b. 

I HAVE BEEN. Bym. p. ; buf , buef , fiif, fuef, w 

THOU HAST BEEN. Bus, vus, fus, hues, vues, 
fues, beste, veste, feste, w. 

HE HAS BEEN. Bue, fu6; fuve, after del; vuv6 ; 
rebe, 3 pers. s. preterite of hdi, to be, with the 
particle re prefixed, w. 

WE HAVE BEEN. B^n, buen, fuen ; reh^ with the 
particle re prefixed, 1 pers. pi. preterite of hde, to be,w. 

YE HAVE BEEN. Buch, fuch, bench, feuch, w. ; 
byoh, huei a vyogh, p. Fgogh is a mutation of hyoh^ 
a late form of beuch^ 2 pers. pi. preter of hSe, to be, w. 

THEY HAVE BEEN. Byonz, b. 

I HAD BEEN. Veadzhen, a corrupt form of veaeen 
a mutation of beaem^ 1 pers. s. plup. of b68, to be, w. 

THOU HADST BEEN. Beases. The 2 pers. s. plup. 
of bde, to be, w. 

HE HAD BEEN. Beasen, w. ; 3 pers, s. plup. of bd; 
to be, w. Also written reibye, the particle re prefixed. 

WE HAD BEEN. Beasen, w. ; 1 pers. pL plup. of 
bde, to be. 

Y£ HAD BEEN. Beasch, 2 pers. pi. plup. of b68, 
to be, w. 

THEY HAD BEEN. Beasens, 3 pers. pi. plup. of id#, 
to be, w. 

Digitized by 





HAD IT NOT BEEN. Na via, b. 

I MAY BE. Bon, Ix'n, byf, beyf ; ven, a mutation of 
hen ; vyf , a snntation of hyf; veyf , feyf , mutation? of 
heyf; Inrma {byf ma) ; vyma, a mutation of hymay 
oomp. 01 hyf 1 pers. s. subj. of ^d«, and me^ I, w. 

THOTJ MAYE8T BE. Bes, bey, by, and tbeir muta- 
tions, ves, fes, vey, fey, vy. fy. Also vyse, a muta- 
tion of byse, composed of hy and ne, for /?, thou, w. 

HE MAY BE. Be, pe, ve ; bo, vo, fo ; bova, fova. 

{Pb and re are mutations of he ; fo and vo of ho ; fova 

of bova). The 3 pers. s. subj. of hdt, to be, w. 
WE MAY BE. B^n, been, beyn, byyn, w. Their 

mutations are, v^n, f4n, veen. feen, veyn, feyn, vyyn, 

fyyn, 1 pers. pi. subi. of h6», to be. Also veny comp, 

of r^, a mutation of hin and ny, we. 
YE MAY BE. Eeugh, k. ; bench, byuch. their muta- 

tioas are veuch, vyuch, 2 pers. pi. subj, of 3d#, to 

be, w. 
YOU MAY OK CAN BE. Hallough, yllough, b. 

THEY MAY BE. B6ns, byns, their mutations are 
Tons, fons, vyns, fyns. Also written hem^ w. The 
8 pers. pi. subj. of hds, to be. 


MAY BE. Fons, b. 

WHEV THERE IS OR MAY BE. Pa fo, po, w. 

THAT THEY MAY BE. MoUough. For, may 
yllough, B. 

MAY IT BE YOURS. Ragas, w. 

MIGHT OR COULD BE. Thelle, dell6, vyo, b. 

THAT HE MIGHT BE. Resteffo. b. 

I SHALL OR WILL BE Byve, bydh ; bedhaf. 
The mutations are pedhaf. vedhaf, fedhaf, vethaff. 
The I pers. s. fut. of Ms, to be, w. ; bythaf . bethaf , ir. 

tions are, ry, fy, w. 

THOU SHALT OR WILT BE. Bedhyth, and it 
mutations, vedhyth, fedyth ; bydhyth, and its muta- 
tions vydyth, fydyth. Vydyth after ny, the 2 pers. s. 
fut. of b6s, to be, w. ; bethyth, bythyth, n. 

HE SHALL OR WILL BE. B^dh, its mutations are 
pMh, TMh, f^dh ; byth, K. ; bfith, w. ; f^th, b. ; f^t, 
w. ; fyt, B. ; bydh, its mutations are pydh, vydh, 
fydh ; beydh, its mutations are veydh, feydh ; veys ; 
bedho, and its mutation vedho^ the 8 pers. s. fut. of 
h6B^ to be. 

WE SHALL OR WILL BE. Bedhyn, its mutations 
are pedhyn, vedhvn ; bydhyn, its mutations are 
vydhyn, fydhyn. Read vydhyn after ny. The first 
pers. pi. fut. of hdsy to be, w. ; bethyn. n. 

YE SHALL OR WILL BE. Bydheuch, bedheuch, 
bedhouch, pedhouch, 2 pers. pi. fut. of h69y to be, w. ; 
bythough, N. 

THEY SHALL OR WILL BE. Bedhens. bydhens, 
bedhons, bydhons. Mutations, vedhens, fedhens, vyd- 
hens, fydhens. vedhons, fodhons, .5 pers. pi. fut. of 
hde, to be, w. ; bethens, bythons, K. 

IT SHALL BE. Reth fo, wreth fo, p. 

SHALL BE. A ven, avit, avyth, robo, bonex, p. 

I SHOULD OR WOULD BE. B^n ; fftn. mutation of 
hin ; bi*an ; vean, mutation of hean ; byen, its muta- 
tions vyen, fyen ; bein, b. ; bef, its mutation yef ; 
beva, its mutation feva; bedhan, its mutations 
Tedhan, fedhan; vethan. c.w. 1640; fethan, c.w. 
1637. The 1 pers s subj. of hdn^ to be, w. 

mutations are p^s, v^s, f ^s ; beis ; byes, its mutations 
vyes, fyes; bydhe, its mutation fydhe. Read vyu 
after ny. The 2 pers. s. subj. of ^*, to be, w. 

HE SHOULD OR WOULD BE. Bye, its mutations 
rye, ^e ; bia, its mutation via; bea, its mutation 
vea; bedhe, bedha. their mutations, vedhe, fedhe, 
pedha. The 8 pers. s. fut. of hds^ to be; bethe, 
by the, v. 

IT SHOULD OR WOULD BE. Assevye, vye ; peva, 
a mutation of b^, 8 pers. s. subj. of bds^ to be, and va 
for vif he, w. 

WE SHOULD OR WOULD BE. B^n, been, bein, 
byen, beyn, bon. Mutations, f^n for bin ; feen for 
been ; pon for bon. The 1 pers. pi. subj. of h6$^ to 
be, w. 

SHOULD BE. Bones, bonas, vy4, p. 

YE SHOULD OR WOULD BE. Byeugh, w. ; byeuch, 
its mutation fyeuch, w. ; besch, bedhech, bese, p. ; 
beze, bezech, bench, b. The 2 pers. pi. subj. of bde^ 
to be ; beugh, k. 

THEY SHOULD OR WOULD BE. Byens, v. ; bens, 
its mutations, vens, fens ; bons, its mutations, vons, 
f6ns ; bedhens, w. The 3 pers. pi. subj. of M*, to be. 

BKACON, s, Huyl-bren, b. 

BEAD, «. Beder, peder. PL Bederow, pederow, w. 

BEAK, 8, (Of a bird). Gelvin, w, ; gelvyn, gilbin, 

B. ; gylfin, pyg, p. 
BEAM, 8, Ten. PI. Tennow, w. 
BEAM or RAFTER, *. Ceber, w. ; keber, p. ; gyst, 

jyst. {PL Jystys, w.) ; troster, trester, w. ; traust, b. 

BEAN, «. Favan, w. ; fa, m. 2616; ponar, b. {PL 
Fiv, w ) ; fare, fava, p. 

BEAN-PODS, or BEAN-COhS, «. Ciithii Mv, w. 

BEAN-STALK. «. Gwelltfa, b. 

BEAR, 8, (The animal). Ors, w. ; orth, arth, b. Bor- 
lase gives orn for a he-bear. 

BEAR or CARRY, v, Don, doen, w. ; doan, b, ; dAn, 
down, doyn, tAn, toon, w ; teen, p. ; doga, degy, w. ; 
dregy, degyn, thegyn, p. ; thegis, thek, b. ; tocka 
tock^, thogga, tt'igl, P. ; torry, w. ; rethoUo, p. , 
caria, w. ; porthy, perthy, prethy, w. ; aborth, p. 

Digitized by 





BEAR or BRING, v. Drey, dho drei, dry, dyrey, p. 

BEAR or BRING FORTH, v. Dynythy. Dho dyny- 
thy mapf to bear a child, p. ; ethon, b. 

BEAR WITNESS, i;. Dustune, dystynye, tustune, w.; 
tystio, B. 

BEAR, SUFFER or ENDURE, r. Codhaf, godhaf, 
wodhaf, codhevel, godhevel, w. ; perthegy, p. ; pert- 
heges, porthy, perth,^ , prethy, w. 

BEAR THOU. Dog, doc, dok, w. 
BEAR YE. Thegough, b. 

HE WILL 1U:AR. Pyth, 3 pera. s. fut. of perthy to 
bear or carry, w. ; d^g, d^c, deg, w. 

SHE BORE. Rugfi, b. 

BRANCE. Percou, w. 

BEARD, 8. Barf, baref, w. ; bar, p. PL Barwou, bar- 

vou, M. 2309, 2313. Ya schaky aye bancov, they shall 

shaku their beards, u, 2313. 
BEARD, *. (Of com), Colyd, b. PL Colow, culhu, 

w. ; kulhu, B. 
BEAST, 8. Mil, b^st, eneval, w. ; gurtfill. p.; 

gurthvil, ourthvU, b. A 8he b$a8t, Enevales, w. 

A bea8t of labour, Yscrybel, w. 
BEASTS, *. Bestes, ir. ; bestez, bestaz, p. 
BEAT or BAST, v. Marthu, b. L%L To hammer; 

fusta, fysta, w. For the various forms see STRIKE, 


BEAT EACH OTHER, v, Ymnouce. 

BEAT UP, V. Gwaythy, gwethe, w. ; guethe, p. ; 

fethy, w. 
BEATEN SOUNDLY. Lam to rez, b. A corruption 

of terhi, 
BEATING, *. Coot, D. The Cornish call a blow, a 

cooty and a ** good thrashing,*' a " good cooting.** 

BEAUTIFUL, adj. Caer, faidus, w. ; gortas, p. ; t^, 
tfek, w. ; teek, thfek, teage, p. ; t^g, w. ; gwen, wen, 
B. Mo8t beautiful^ Ailla, PL Aluin, b. 

BEAUTIFY, t?. Kaerat, p. 

BfclAUTY, *. Cirdfir, cairder, teeter, tekter, w. ; 
tectar, c.w. 288 ; ailne, b. 

BEAVER, 8, Lostlydan, b. ; befer, p. 

BECAUSE. Aban, f. ; Aban goUU toorty hy^ because 
thou hearkenedstto her, o.m. 269 ; rilg, ric, r4k, w.; 
righ, rhagh, p. Kdg oriy ty dhe goU^ because thou 
harkenedst to her, o.m. 324 ; urt, p. Awos, drefen; 
drevan, w. ; drevon, c.w. 847 ; drefan, drevan, p. ; 
Drefen^ ow bdt noeth hep queth^ because I am naked 
without a doth, o m. 269. Pdy dhe offiryn kSr, 
because of thy dear offering, o.m. 507. See 

BECK or NOD, «. Amnuid, b. 

BECKON, V. Amneidio, b. ; gogwyddo, p.; Gogwy^ 
ddo pen, to nod the head, p. Or shake the head. 

BECOME, r. Cylly, gylly, geU, gyll, p. 

TO BECOME CLEAN. Omlana, w. 

TO BECOME FULL. Lenwel, w. 

TO BECOME ONE. Yunnye, w. ; Yunnyy, p. 

BECOME. Keles, Ny dal kelU, I am become blind, p. 

I AM BECOME. Galsof, w. 

IT BECOMES. Degoth, dhegouth, w. ; thegoth, p. ; 
dogoth, w. 

IT BECOMES THEE. Awys thy, b. 

IT WOULD BECOME. Gotho, w. The subj. mood 
of goth. 

IS BECOME. Dyvotter, (?) w. 

BED, 8. Gwely, w. ; guely, p. ; guele, b. ; gueli, p.; 
gwili, w. ; guili, b. ; gwUle, w. ; gwelly, p. ; will, 
w. ; uili, p. ; gluth, loven, b. ; tie, tye, n. ; 7W or 
tye, means a feather bed. 

BED, 8, (Of a river). Trot, p. 

IN BED. Crowethe, cry wodhe, krjrwethe, kryvede, b* 

BED-CHAMBER, %. Gwelyfod, gluth, tshomber, b. 

BED-CLOTHES, #. Dillat gueli, w. ; pensgruet, b. 

BED-FELLOW, «. Cywelu, b. 

BEDLAM, 8, (A bedlam). Cynderiog, b. 

BED-LINEN, *. Lien gueli, w. 

BED-RIDDED, adj, Gueli-croueth, p. 


BED-SHEET, «. Lian-gwili, w. ; lian gueli, b. ; lien- 

gueli, p. 
BED-SICKNESS, «. Gwelly gluyan, gwelligluyan, w. 

gorthewyth, b. 

BEDUNG, V. {Coneaco, Zal.). Ymgachu, b. 

BE1'\ 8, Gwenenen, guenenen, gwenynen, gwanaii, 
w. ; guanan, p. PL Gwenyn, guenen, w. ; guenyn, p. 

BEE-HIVE, «. Cawal gwanan, w. ; caul guanan, p.; 
butt, D. It is still commonly caUed a bee-butt. 

BEEF, *. Bowin, bowen, boen, w. ; bouin, bouyn, p. 

BEER, i. Cor, coref, coruf, w. ; kor, p. 

BEER. 8. (As synonymous with drinks) Dewes, 
dewas. dywes, dhewas, w. 

BEST BEER. Cor-guela, korguella, p. 

STRONG BEER. Dewas creev. 

STALE BEER. Dewas coth, w. ; Zit. Old drink. 

THIN, WEAK, OR POOR BEER. Swipes, n.; (?) 

BEES-WAX, 8. Corgwenyn, b. 

BEST, adj. Gwella, wella, w. ; guella, p. 

BEETLE, 8. (Insect). HwQen, w.; hwillaen, 
huilen, p. ; huilan, b. ; willen, n. 

BEETLE, 8. (Mallet). Gybeddem, w. This name 

is used by Borlase for a little hammer. 
BEFALL, V. Digwydha, w. ; digwyddo, b. 

Digitized by 





BEFOOL, V. {To befool me). Gwawdio, b. 

BEFORE. Rig, r4c, r4g, rhig, w. ; r4gh, rhigh, p. ; 

r*g, adhyriky w. ; thyrdg, athyrdg, b. ; theragon, 
1217. Cen, ken, w. ; keen, p. ; cyn, w. ; kyn, 
p. ; g^n, cens, kens, w. ; kenz, p. ; gens, hens; cins, 
w. ; kins, p. ; cyns, kyns, w. ; kjnz, p. ; gyns, 
cyngys, kyngys, w. ; &r, Mr, p.; aiig, w. ; 
arak, h. 285 ; a rik, k. £yn gys mencel, before yon 
die, p. JSTyna vyttyn^ before morning, o.m. 1644. 
Tfue kyns y vos yurys, there were, before it was 
done, p.c. 350. 

BEFORE DAY. Hyns vythyn, p.; kyns vythyn, 
o.m. 1644. 

BEFORE-HAND. Cens, kens, cyns, kyns, gen, 
hens, w. 

BEFORE HER. Ryghty, (rig hy), deryghthy 
dheryghthy, dyraghthy, w. 

BEFORE HIM, OR IT. Dyragtho, a dhyragtho, w. ; 
theragtho, m. 280. 

BEFORE ME. Adhyragof, athyragof, w. 

BEFORE MENTIONED. Rigleverys, w. 

BEFORE NOW. Censemmyn, w. ; kenzemmyn, p. 

BEFORE THEE. Dyragos, a dhyragos, adhyragos, 
w. } athyragos, athyragtho, p. 

BEFORE US. Deragon, dyragon, dheragon, adhy- 
rag6n, w. ; athyragoon, p.; theragon ny, m. 1217; 
aragon, ragon nyi, ragon, p. 

BEFORE YOU. Dyragouch. a dhyragouch, w.; 
thyragengh, athyragough, ragas, ragos, ragon, p. 

BEG, r. (Or supplicate). Pesy, pisy, pysy, pidzhi, 

pigy> pygy> ^• 

BEG, V, (Seek alms). CArdotta, b. 

BEGGAR, i. Cardottin, b. ; bothosek, m. 779. Covs, 
iy bothossk, speak, thou beggar, m. 779 ; brebour, m. 
1 400 ; gwiUiew, w ; guillein, p. guilleia, b. 

BEGGARLY, adf. Haru,B. 

BEGET, V. Dynythy, w. ; gynez, p. 

BEGIN, V. Astel, w. ; rebea, p.; dalleth, dallath, 
dhallath, dallethy, talleth, w. ; thesefise, p. 

BEGINNING, part. Ow talleth, w 

BEGINNING, *. Dalleth. dallath, dhaUeth, w.; 
talleth, p. ; dallathvas, dallathfas, dhaUathfas, w. ; 
thallatheas, p.; thalathfas, c.w. 1987. 

BEGINNING, «. (Head, chief) Pen, pedn, pyn, w. 
BEGONE. (Away with you). Wer, p.; a voyd, 
C.W 1292. Avoyddama, begone mother, c.w. 1292. 
BEGOTTEN. Denethys, b. ; dynythys, w. ; genys, b. 
BEGUILE, V. ToUe, toUa, twyllo, gurra, b. 

BEHALF, i. Abref^, m. 2010. Bohogogneth ahreth 
dUf poverty on behalf of God; leys, m. 3868. 
Peyi rdg ov hyi^ pray on my behalf, m. 3868. 

BEHAVE, 9. (Well or ill). Ymdowyn, b. 

BEHAVIOUR, *. Arweddiad, b 

BEHEAD, V, Dibenna, w. 

BEHEADED. Debynnys, m. 1313 

BEHIND. Adryff, dellarch, dylarg, delhar, dhelhar, 
a dhelhar, w. ; adelhar, p. ; war delhar, w. ; uar 
delhar, dislarg, b. ; disler, w. ; dislor, b. ; a theler, 
p. ; weath, awheatii, ynolwedhi, b. 

BEHOLD, V. Moras, miras, myras, w. ; miraz, mira, 
p. ; veras, w. ; dho viroz, da viraz, p. ; medra, w., 
a late corrumption of mira, Gweles, gwelas, w. ; 
guelaz, guella, p. ; weles, w. ; wellas, p. ; avycya, 
c.w. 1803; sylly, w. 

BEHOLD THOU. Avice, c.w. 1799. Avid pub tra 
ha lavar, behold OTcrything and say. c.w. 1799 ; 
myrough, myrugh, w. ; mere, meir, merrow, p. 

BEHOLD ! LO ! Exclam. At, m. 599, At eve faei 
Lys in top behold ! it is quite up to the top. Otte, 
w. ; ote, ota, ose, p. ; os, oteve, b. wette, p. ; wetta, 
B. ; wotta, awot, awatta, w. ; awette, awottue, p. ; 
yta, w. 

BEHOLD HER. Ottensy, w. 

BEHOLD HIM. Otteve, otteve, ottense, wotteve, w, 

BEHOLD IT. Ottensy, wottense, w. 

BEHOLD THEM. Ottensy, ottengy, w. 

DUE. Did, dayl, e d&l, goth, coth, degoth, deleth, 
teleth, tdet, w. ; thegoth, p. ; tegoth, m. 1299 ; reys, 
r^z, p. ; buddiol yw, b. leieth, telet^ are mutations 
of deleth, 3 pers. s. fut. of dely^ to owe, w. 

IT SHOULD BEHOVE. Cothfo, a mutation of yoth/o,w. 

BEING, «. (Nature, profession). Dr^s. Zadrdn dree, 
thieves by piofession, b. 

BELCH, V, Bytheirio, b. 

BELFRY, *. Clechti, w. ; clecha, lucar, b. 

BELIE, TO BELIE ONE, v. Camgyhuddo, b. 

BELIEF, i. (Creed or faith). Fydh, fMh, crM, cr^s, 
kr^z, gr^s, crygyans, kredzhanz, credzyans, cred- 
zhyans, credgyans, w. ; kredzhans, b. ; grygjans, w. ; 
gregyans, c.w. 176; grydgyans, c.w. 2317; grb, 
grez, B. (The y is sounded as/). 

BELIEVE, V. Credy, cregy, w. ; crugy p.; credzi, 
w. ; credzhi, credzha, p. ; criedzy, b. ; cresy, 
crysy, crygy, w. ; kresy, kridzhi. crydgy, p. ; 
gregy» g^ejf w. ; creis, creiz, agris, agrys, p. ; grys, 
B. ; tibias, lybias, tybyas, fydhye, w. 

BELIEVE THOU. Cr^s, creys, crys, w. 

HARDNESS of BELIEF. Anghygred, b. 

1 DID BELIEVE. Gresyn, a mutation of creeyn, I 
pers. s. imp. of orisy, to bcdieye, w. 

I WILL BELIEVE. Gresaf, grysaf, mutations of 
cresaf, crysaf, 1 pers. s. fut. of cresy^ to believe, w. 

THOCr WILT BELIEVE. Gresyth, a mutation of 
ereeythf 2 pers. s. fut. of creeyf to bdieve, w. 

Digitized by 





HE WILL BELIEVE. Cr^s, crftys, crys. Also 
the mutations of the proceeding words into, gr^, 
gr^ys, grys, the 3 pers. s. fut. of crisy and ^ryiy, to 
believe, w. 

HE MAY BELIEVE. Gresso, grysso, the mutations 
of CTMSO, cry 890^ 3 pers. s. subj. of crisy^ and crysyy 
to believe, w. 

YE WILL BELIEVE. Gresouch, a mutation of crei- 
ouch, 2 pers. pi. fut. of cr4My, to believe, w. 

BELL, «. Cldch. w. ; kloch, b. ; cloh, w. ; kloh, b. 

A LITTLE BELL. Cledhic, w. ; kledhic, b. 

A GREAT BELL. Clochmuer, w. ; cldch miir, p. ; 
cl6chmaur, b. 

BELLOW, V. (Like an ox). Pedhigla, w. ; bedhigia, 


BELLOWING, part, A pedhigla, w. 

BELLOWS, *. Megin ; meginow, w. ; meginou, p. ; 
mygenow, miginau, b. 

BELLlfAN, s, D^n an cloc, b. 

BELLADONNA, s. (The plant). Scaw-coo, n. 

BELLY, *. Tor. dor, torr, thor, w. Lenoto ov thor, 
my belly is full, w. Cak wdr the tar ha powSs, sleep 
on thy belly and rest, o.m. 2070 ; talon, bol, w. 

A GREAT BELLY. BoHtho, w. 

BELOVED, adj. C6r, k^r, cyr. g4r, cM (PI. Cefyon, 
cardow, garadow, w. ; meadow, p.); hueg, huegol, b. 
BELOVED, part. Cyrys, kyrys, w. ; thermaz, b. 

BELOW. Dan, tan, dhan, dadn, yn dan, weath, aw- 
heath, woUas, b. ; a woUas, c.w. 18 ; wolaz, b. ; 
a wolas, c.w. 69 ; warwol^s, w, ; uarolez, b. ; uar- 
noles ( ? uaru^oles), p. ; icol, isod, isot, b. 

BELT, «. Grugis, grigis, grigiz, grygis, w. ; grygys, 
grwegus, grug, gouris, guris, cleddif, b. ; vallok, 
O.M. 2967. ^a lader by my vallvh, he shall not steal, 
by my vaUok, o.m. 2967. Vallok seems a form of 
halloh, a word used by the vulgar for the scrotum and 
testes \ •*by my vallok." being a coarse phrase. 
Norris translates it, belt, 

BENCH, s. Bene, benk, bync, vync, w. ; scavel, sca- 
vell, skaval, p. 

BENCH or CHAIR, s. Ysgobeth, b. A high bench or 
seat, solar, b, 

BENCH OF LIES. Scavell an gow, skaval angow, p. 

BEND, V. Plegye, w. ; plegya, p. ; plekgye, pleghye, 
w. ; gwyr^, b. ; camma, gamma, w. ; cabmy, p. 

TO BEND ONE'S SELF. Omgamma, w. 

TO BEND, BOW OR NOD. Gogwyddo, b. 
BEND, #. Pl^g, pmh, w. ; plek, p. 

BENDING, adj\ Crum, crom, w, ; krom, crobm, 
croum, B. 

BENEATH, prep. See BELOW. 

BENEFICIAL, adf. M&s, w.; m4z, p.; vis, fts. 

m&d, m4t, w. 
BENEFIT, s. Lis, w. ; leys, m, 8194, Haria wek 

myr thy ISys, sweet Mary, see to his benefit, m. 3194. 

BENEVOLENCE, s. Cariad, b. 
BENT or SEA BUSH, #. Starr, n. 
BENUMBED. (With cold). Clum, d. 
BEQUEATH, r. Cemynny, kemynny, cymmyny, 

w. ; kemynni, p. ; cymmuno, b. 
BERRY, s. Bail, grawn, gronen, b. ; moran, PI. 

moyr, mor, moyar, w. 
BESET, V. Gylchynu, restoua, b. 
BESIDE. Dris, dreis, dreys, dreyz, dr^, drys, diis, 

p. ; reb, rip, ryb, ryp, v ; Me a gosk ryp y pm, I 

will sleep beside his head, b.d. 418 ; juh, k. 
BESIDES. Memas, menas, w. ; menes, p. 
BESMEiR, V. Ysbryshu, b. See BEDUNG. Lii. 

To clay, one's self. 
BEST, adf. Gwella, wella, w.; gwelha, o.w. 1957; 

guella, N. ; guela, p. 
BESTOW, V. Ro, roi, w. ; roy, p. ; zhoi, ( ? rhoi) b. ; 

ry, rei, rey, w. 
BETHINK, V. Thugy, p. They bethought. Y chug- 

fyons, B. ( ? thugfyons). See CONSIDER. 
BETHOUGHT HIMSELF. Prederys, brederys, b. 
BETIMES. A dermyn, p. ; y bore, y fore, b. 
BETOKEN, V. Arwyddocan, b. 
BETONY, s. Lis dushoc, w. 
BETRAY, V. Thrayta, thragta, b. ; towith, kuhuthe, 

kyhyda, p. 

BETRAY, V. {To betray a secret). Datguddio, b. 

BETRAYER, s. Tray tour, thraytor, b. 

BETROTH, V, Dyweddio, b. 

BETTER, adj. Gwell, w. ; guel, p. ; guella, v. ; wel, 
w. ; bythwell, gallas, martha, q.d. so good, p. 

FOR THE BETTER. In'wall, p. 

HE MAY BETTER. (Improve). Wella, a muta- 
tion of gweUa, id. qd. gwello, 3 pers. s. subj. of 
gweila, w. 

IT IS BETTER. Guel yu, gueUo, p. 

BETWEEN. Ynter, inter, yntre, etre, entre, tre, w. ; 
trethow, in, en, p. ; drethough, keffrys, kystris, ban- 
ter, B. Tntre an mdr ha^n tyryow, between the sea 
and the lands, o.m. 26. 

BETWEEN HIM. Yntredho, w. 

BETWEEN THEM. Yntredhe, ynthrethyns, w.; 
trethyns, trethynz, p. 

Digitized by 





BETWEEN US. Yntredhon, yntrethon, trethon, w. ; 
interranye, c.w. 841. 

BETWEEN YOUR. Ynire agas. tres, w. ; trez, p. 

BETWEE.N YE. Yntredhouch. w. ; ynterthow, f. ; 
ynterdhoch, w. ; ynterthogh» v, 



BEWAIL, V. Gralarow, w. ; galarou, b. ; gwelvan, ole, 
holea, w. ; hoalea, elow, p 

BEWARE. Exclam. Gueyt, queyt, p. 

BEWITCH, V. Zheibio, p. 

BEWITCHED. Huthick, p. 

BEWRAY, or FOUL, r. Sautra, b. 

BEYOND. Dr^, dreys, dreis, w. ; dreyz, dr6z, driz, 
trez, p. ; tre, tra, w. ; auyche, juh, p. Oris dyfen ow 
arluth ksTf beyond the prohibition of my dear Lord, 
OM. 172. 

BEYOND THE\r. Trens, b. 

BED, V. Herghy, arka, p. See TO COMMAND. 

BIDDING, i. (Charge). Gurchmennis, gorhemmyn, 
gurhemin, w. See COMMAND or COMMAND- 

BIER, s, Geler, elar, elor, w. ; vasken, m. 4358. 
Geresuffh orth an ffeler^ hel^ ye at the bier, m. 4487. 
Tma 9iir wdr y vaskm, is surely on his bier, m. 4358, 

BIG, Off/. Mur, meur, m^r, maur, v6r, veur, w. ; veor, 
p. ; bris, w. ; briLz, b. ; braos, brawse, p. ; vrAs, w. ; 
iithyk, iithy, ethek, ethuk, ethyk, ithyk, p. ; hou- 
tyn, w. ; ruth, p. See also, LARGE. 

BIGGER, adj. Moy, voy. w. 

BIGGEST, adj. Moya, moicha, p. 

BIGNESS, 8. Brisder, vrisder, mourder, w. ; moyg- 
ha, p. 

BIG-BELLIED, adj\ Torrog. tor briLs, w. ; crothacke, 
c.w. 1105. 

BIG-EYED. adj. Leg^k, m, 3813. Zauer thymo leg- 
a9$k, tell me, thou big-eyed, h. 3813. 

BILL, «. (Of a bird). Gelvin, w. ; gelvyn, gilbin, b. 

BILL. *. (The tool). Boell, bial, w.; biaU, p.; 
bilwg, b. 

BILL, or NOSE OF LAND, *. Ryn, b, 

BILL, V. (As a pigeon). Gwep, b. 

BILL-HOOK, *. FUh, voulz, b. 

BILLOW, *. (Great wave). T6n, tiin, b. 

BIND, or FASTEN, v. Celmy, kelmy, cylmy, kylmy, 
w. ; kelma, colmye, b. ; gelmy, gylmy, w. ; lychy, 
synsia, p. 

HE WILL BIND. Gelm, gylm, mutations of c$lm 
and eylm^ 3 pers. s. fut. of eelmy and eylmy^ w. 

BIND or GIRD, v. Strothe, shrothy, w. 

BINDER. 8, (Of com). Colmiir, w. 

BIPARTI IE. adj. Diharh. dhibarh, w. 

BIRCH,*. (Tree). Bezula, p.; bezo, belou, bedho, 
bedewen, w. 

BIRD, 8. Edhen, w. ; edhyn, p. ; idhen, w. ; ydhyn, 
p. ; ethen. b. ; eithen, hetlien, w. ; ezen, b. ; yolacit^ 
w. ; adglaer, Colt If 8, iq.qd. an eagle ; nygethys, w. 
» #. that which flieth. 

BIRDS, *. Ethyn, c.w. 108; edhen. ydhyn, lawan, 
w. ; nethyn, as if an edhen^ whence n ethen in the 
plural, p. 

A YOUNG BIRD. Idnic, ydnic, w. ; idninc, p. 


(BIBTH), TO GIVE BIRTH TO,t?. Denethy, denythy, 
dynythy, w. 

BIRTH, 8. G^negyg, m. 850. Omma an genegygva. of 
the birth here, h. 850. 

BIRTHDAY, «. Nadelec, nedelic, w. ; genesygeth, 
M. 4387. Ay genesygeth de/ry, from his birthday 
really m. 4387. 

BISHOP, i. Escop, epscop, w. ; escob, ebscob, b. ; 
ispac, ispak, w. PI, Epskobon, epskobou, p. 

BISHOPS SEE, i. Sethe, p 

BIT, 8. Banne. p.c. 1078. Judas ny goik vn banne, 
Ju las does not sleep a bit; mAn. r.d. 295. £llai 
thy*nny ny dal mdn, alas ! it avails us not a bit s.b. 
295 ; tim, tabm, on. 551. Venytha na^n geffo tdm, 
he shall never have a bit, o.h. 551; skerrik, b. 

A GOOD BIT. Polg6, H. 659. PolgS de aUma, a 
good bit (distance) hence, h. 551. 

A SMALL BIT OR PIECE. Didjan, midjan, mijum ; 
didgen, (the g is soft) jowd, jowder, d. ; peg, p.c. 
1182. Den vythol na thavtgam, let not any 'man 
doubt a bit; peg pc. 1182; peyth, o.m. 521. An 
peyth a torehaf ny wra, the bit which I do will not 
O.K. 521 ; screed, d. 

A SMALL BIT OR QUANTITY. (As of gold &c. 
found in Streamworks). Prill, d. 

maw, skubmaw. p. 

NOT A BIT. What, whera ban, p. 

BITCH, 8. (Female dog). G^st, gyst, w. Pryoe 
gives gesti as a plural for dogs or bitches. 

BITE, V. Danta, w ; cnoi, deintio, danhedda, dt>n« 
dzall, B. 

BITTER, adj. Wherow, hwero, w. ; huero, p.; 
chuero, w. 

MORE HITTER, Hwerwa, w. ; huerua, huera, p. 

BITTER, or CRUEL, adf. Wherow, chuero, w. 

BITTER, ach\ (Sorrowful, regretful). Tyn, o.m. 402. 
Daggraw tyn gvraf dyveri, bitter tc^ I shall shed, 
O.H. 402. 

Digitized by 





BITTER PANGS. Galarou. b. 

BITTERN, «. Clabitter, w. ; klabitter, b. 

BI TTERNESS, «. Bestyll, b. This word also means 
gall of the liver. See GALL. 

BLAB, «. Tavas re hir, w. Lit. Long tongue. 

BLACK, adj. iJu, diu, dhiu, duw, w. ; dyon PL of 
du, w. ; dew, p. ; tew,,o.M. 646 Nefre yn Uwolgow 
tew, ever in black darkness, o.m. 646; tiiew, teual; 
and in names thew is changed to sew, as Carnsew, p. ; 
morel, m. 2 1 1 1 , but this is a name for the black cherry 
whence perhaps the term. Pyma thym ov tnargh 
morelf where for me is my black horse, m. 2111. 

BLACKBERRY, *. Moran dhiu, w. ; moran diu, p. ; 
moaren, w. ; moras, b. PI. Moyar diu, w. ; m6r 
diu, p. 

BLACKBIRD, s. Mola-dhiu, moelh ; in composition 
it is written woelh, woof, p. 


BLACKISH, a^\ Pyst. w. 

BLACK-MAN, «. D^n diu, w. 

BLACK-MONTH, «. The black month. (November), 
Mis diu. w. 

BLACKSMITH, s, Gof du. b. ; g6f diu, w. ; gov 
diu, p. ; ferror, heimior, w. 

BLACKSMITH'S SHOP, *. Gofail, govail, w. ; gof- 

adl, p.- 
BLACKNESS, *. Duat, diuat, b. 
BLACK THORN, «. Sptoian diu. w. 

BLADDER, *. Gysigan, w. ; gyzigan, guzigan, chur- 
isigen, b. ; gusigan, w. 


BLAME, s. Bai, b. 

BLAME. V. Airthbear, b. 

BLAMELESS, adj. Dilai. b, 

BLANCH or WHITEN, v. Cannu, b. 

BLANKET,*. L^. (iSo^wwi, Com. Vocab), w, 

BLASPHEMY, «. Cabledd, serthed, b. 

BLAST, i. (Wind). Wh^th, hw^th, w. ; huez, p. . 

^th, w. ' 

BLAST, #. (Puff). Bremmyn, p.; ^th, w. Brem- 

myn is the plural of hfam^ a fait or puff. 


(*fc). Echrys, b. 

BLAZE, 8 Tanges, m. 2106. Tma ov iedy an coys 
the vn tangh lely the wood is burning to a real blaze, 
H. 2106. 

A SHORT SUDDEN BLAZE. Screech, b. ( ? ) 

BLAZE, V. Tewy, tiwy, tywy, w. ; tewe, tewyo, p. ; 

dewy, diwy, dywy, w. 
BLEAK, adj, (Cold). Oer, p. ; oerni, oich, oerfel, 

oerder, b. 

BLEAK, ad/. (Bare, exposed), Voel, b. 

BLEAR-EYED, ad/. Primusdoc, w. ; pimuschoch, 
perhaps more correctly, wimuschoc ; cuic, b. 

BLEAT, V. Priva, brivia, w. ; brefu, breferud, b. 

BLEU. 9. Chusigen, guzigan, b. See also BLADDER. 

BLEED. V. (To lose blood). Gwaedu, b. ; dewosa, 
M. 1576. dewose, M. IHiy. 

BLEKDING, (At the nose). Gwaedling, b. 

BLEMISH, *. Anav, b. ; gyll ; tuU, l/eb tuU ny gyU, 
without blemish or fault, p. ; nam, w. 

BLEMISH, V. Anglod, drygaer, b. 

BLESS, V. Sone, sona, zona, w. ; benigia, b. ; feny« 
gia, kesky, kisky, gisky, p. 

I BLESS. Bynygaf, w. 

YE BLESS. Fenygough, k. 

YE WILL BLESS. Benygouch, fenygouch, w. 

BLESSED, adj. Gwyn, wyn, Maria wyn, blessed 
M&ry, M. dl90. 

BLESSED, pattf and adj. Beneges, benyges, benegas, 
benigas, w. ; bcnigeys, m. 1191 ; benigays, m. 1117; 
byneges, bynyges, bynygys, veneges, w. ; bennet, p.; 
sonas, B. ; sonvs, o.k. 466. Gam werSs du henegeys^ 
with help of blesssed God. h. 1991. Awos an toe hyny» 
geys, because of the blessed father, p.c. 400. Ov voi 
sonys hep whethlow, being blessed without idle tales, 
o.M. 466. Bennet sewys^ blessed be thooi p. 

BLESSEDNESS, «. Venegycter, m. 203 ; Lum o$ a 
venegycter, full art thuu of blessedness, m. 208; 
venesycter, m. 4495. 

BLESSING, e. Benes, benneth, w. ; beneth, k« 81 ; 
benath, b. ; bennath, banneth, w. ; bednath, p.; 
bedneth, m. 19tt ; benet, p.c. 3016; vanneth, h. 
211; vennath, w. ; dyson, b. ; son, o.h. 896. PL 
Bannethow, w. ; baiinothow, m. 46. 

BLIND, V. Dalla, w. 

BLIND, ad/. Dall, dal. w.; thai, o.m. 1066; teual, 
p. ; kuick, b.; kuk, m. 3481. 

BLIND OF ONE EYE. Cuic, w. ; ydn lagadzhak, 
lygadzhiag, p. The other forms of euic aie kuick, 
B. ; and kuk, m. o48 i , in which two last references, 
Jcuik and kuk simply mean blind. See Willitmi^e Lex, 
Corn, brit. for Cwc. 

BLIND-MAN, *. Dal, p. ; an abbreviated form of din 

BLINDED, part. Dyegrys, m. 3667 Dyegrye off gams 
gvyndery blinded am I by whiteness, h. ^667. 

BLINK A RD, s. Kuick, b. Borlase also uses this 
word for bltnd, 

BLISS, s. Lowene, lowyne, lowender, Jowenna, w. > 
dedwyddweh, b. 

BLISTER, s. (Bleb or vesicle). Gwenan, w. ; guenan, 
p. ; chusigen, guzigan. See BLADDER. 

Digitized by 





BLOCK, s. Cyff, boncyff, b. Block of wood, Blog, 
blogon, p. 

BLOCKHEAD, *. Boba, w. ; dicreft, b. ; lorden, w. ; 
pen cok, pen pyst, p. ; pen blogh, m. 8828. Me a 
pyUe the pen blogh^ I will peel thy blockhead, h. 
3828 ; talBoch, treu^han, b. Treu&han in the form 
of dreusien, or drooMn is still in use. A ** dreuzen 
headed fellow " means a blockhead, a stupid person. 
AIbo zape, zapey, zawker, n. 

BLOOD, «. Goys, gos, goos, goosh, w. ; guyzh, b. ; 
guoys, gudzh, p. ; guydzh, guyd, w. ; guydh, b. ; 
guit, w ; kues, kueus, p. ; kuevs, k.i>. 231 ; cues, 
crow, w. ; crou, p. ; woe, woos, w. ; woose, c.w. 
2522 ; voys, o.m. 577 ; oys, w. 

BLOOD LETriNG, «. Dilla gudzh, w. ; dilla guy- 
zh, B. 

BLOOD PUDDI2TG, s. Gudzhygan, w. ; gudzhig- 
an, B. 

BLOODY, ad;\ Gooshac, w. ; gooshak, p. ; gosys, b. 

BLOSSOM, V. Blodeno, b. 

BLOSSOM, #. Blodon. BLOSSOMS, Blegyow. w. 

BLOT or BLUR, *. Brych, magi, b. 

BLOW, p. Whethe, w. ; whethy, p. ; whyth^, w. ; 
whejthy, p. ; hwetha, w, ; huetha, p. ; hwethia, w, ; 
huethia, p. ; wethe, wyth, b. 

TO BLOW THE HORN. Whethe the gom, b, 

BLOW or THUMP, e. Horn, bum, bommen, bync, 
boxses, w. ; bynk, p. j banc, w. ; bank, b. ; blygh, 
p, ; tnmmas, whaf. w. ; wat, what, p. ; scat, b. skat, 
p. ; sknit, str6c, strocos, stuen, b. ; clout, fos, p. ; 
pylt, B ; Oans morben bom trewysy, with a mallet, a 
terrible blow, o.h, 2704. Ry whaf tkethy my a wra, 
give a blow to her I will. o.m. 2755. Me a re clout 
thotho^ I shall give a blow to him, p. Pyua rde 
thifMo an wat, who gave thee the blow ? p. ; coot, 
tummas. poot i>. See also THUMP OR BLOW. 

BLOW OR SLAP, «. Stlap, stlaf, w. ; For more 
see SLAP. 

A HEAVY BLOW Vumfra, n ; This appears to be 
the same as bum brdi, a great blow. 

BLOWS, *. Bomennow, vomennow, ihepl. of bommen; 
boxsesow, pL of boxsee, w. ; borow, p. ; blythen, 
blyzen, b. ; boxsusow. p.c. 1389. J7a ren thotho 
boxntsow, and gave him blows, p.c. 1389. 

BLOWII^G-HOUSE, «. F6g, w. ; foge, p. (j soft). 
Carta an stean dha an/dg, carry the tin to the blow- 
ing-house, w. (A blowing-house is the place where 
tin ore \b melted^ so called because of the great 
bellows used for the fire). 

BLUDGEON, «. Blogon, o.m. 2709 ; uther, b. ; 16r 
vraoz, p. 

BLUE, adj. GlAs, w. ; gla3ris, b. ; glase, glaze, p. ; 
glays, M. 1445 ; l&s, w. ; lays, b. Tovle in the wedyr 
glaye^ throw it into thy blue glass, m. 1445. 

BLUE. (A light or sky blue). Blou, p. 

BLUE. (To become blue). Glase, w. 

BLUE-TIT, *. Pridn-praU. d. 

BLURR, SMUDGE, or STREAK, s. Strom, n. 

BLUSH, V, Yswilio, b. 

BLUSTERING, s. Ros, p. Yn ow rSs, in my bluster- 
ing. Pryce says ros is from trds, a nose. Curiously 
enough they call a blusterer a nosey fellow. 

BOAR, *. Baedh, w. ; bahed, b. ; bahet, w. ; baeth, 
bora, p. ; yerres, borro, barro, b. ; ors, p. 

BOARS-FLESH, «. Bahed ky^, b. 

BOARD or PLANK, s, Plancen, planken, plyncen, 
plync, w.; plankan, p. ; astel, w. ; astell, b. ; astull, 
w. ; astyUeo, b.. See PLANK or PLANKS. 

BOARD and TABLE, *. Boid, p. 

BO-i ST, V. Bostye. w. ; gwertha, guerha, p. ; borsach, b. 

BOASTER, «. Qualloc, w. 

BOASTERS, «. Bosteryon, vosteryon, w. 

BOASTING, i. B68t, bos, fos, fis, w. ; ros, terrfis, 
whfith, p. 

BOAT, «. C6c, w. ; cok, p. ; scdth, schith, w. ; gur- 
hal bien, p. 

BOATS, 9. Mkii (coo-coo), scatha, w. ; skatha, p. 

BOATSWAIN, «. Brenniat, w. ; brennyat, brennat, 
B. ; leuint, p. 

BODY, s. (Corpse). Corf, w. ; corfe, b. ; corff, m. ; 
A23 ; korf, b. ; gorf, o.m. 2367 ; horf, horfe, b. ; 
trogel, M. 4367. In troyel in breten suyr, in a body, 
in Brittany surely, k. 4367. 

A LITTLE BODY. Corfel, b. 

BOG, i. Cors, tir devrak, w'. ; devrak, winnick, why- 
nick, p. ; siglen, b. ( ? a privy). 

BOGS, s, Canego, b. 

BOG-PLANT, *. Corsen, w. 

BOGGY, adj\ Gwinic, w. 

BOGGY LAND, s. Tir devrak, b. 

BOIL, *. {Anthrax). Comwyd, gweli, pedn diu, w. ; 
Pedn diu is literally blackhead, the provincial name 
for a boil or furuncle. 

BOIL, V. Predion, bridion, bridzhan, bridzhian, w. ; 
brudziar, b. ; prydzhan, w. 

BOILD' G, part. Bros, broaze, p. This is still used 
for anything which is near the boiling point. 

AT BOILING POINT. Broaze, b.v. 

BOILING, «. (A boiling or coction). Bredion, b.; 
bredian, p. ; prydzhan, b. 

BOISTEROUS, adt\ Drychinog, tymbestlog, b. 

Digitized by 





BOLD, adj. Asper, o.m. 2203 ; dr^s, drew8» w. ; draes, 
M. 1047 ; hardh, w. ; krir, void, b. My a'dpytmay 
fy a$per, I pray thee to be bold, o.m. 2203. 

BOLDNESS, #. Hyfder, b. 

BOLSTER, #. (A long large pillow). Plufoc, plyvog, 
w. ; penguele, gobennudd, b. 

BOLSTERS. ClaatgueU. "b. 


BOLT, $. Attal, baar, trossol, b. 

BOLT, t^. Bara, w. ; prennj, p.g. 3038 ; sparla, b. 

BOND or TIE, «. Colm. colmen, golmen, gelmen, w. 

B02n)AGE, $. (Slaveiy). Habadin, gwasanaeth, w. » 
goasanaeth, p. ; caethiwed. b. 

BONDSMAN or SLAVE. #. Vebegar, b. ; caeth, 
caid, w. ; caith, caid pinid, b. 

SLAVE, «. Cait^s, w. ; caithes, kaithes, b. 

BONE, «. Ascorn, asgorn, w. ; asgam, es^r p. ; scren, 
B. The Cornish say, ** I hav'nt a seren" «.*. noth- 

BONES, «. Escam, yscam, w. ; Yuarn map dev dyga- 
velsytf the bones of the Son of God laid bare, p.c. 
8179 ; yscren, b. ; scren, p. ; Nwera ol yt scren, 
number all his bones, p. 

BONFIRE, $. Tanllwyth, eiriasden, b. 

BONY, adf. Asgomec, w. ; asgomeck, b. 

BOOBY, #. Boba, w. ; bobo, bobba, p.c. 1778, 2385. 
Ayn syv kmyn vn boha, he is not now a booby, P.O. 

BOOK, t, Levar, lyvyr, liver, w. ; lavar, lyfr, b. ; 
levyr, w. ; caianc, w. A little hook, Stollof . p. 

BOOKS, #. Leverow, lyfrow, lyffrow, lyfryow, w. 

BOOKCASE, «. Levarva, r. 

BOOT, $. Hos. {Lat, hosa) w. 

BOOTH, 8. Both, w. 


BORDER, «. (Of a country, or coast). Urrian, w. ; 
yrhian, min, miniog, b ; c^r, g^r, w. ; kikr, p. ; bro, 
vro, w. ; brou, b. 

BORE, V, (To bore a hole). Telly, tolla, tylly, w. ; 
tyllou, B. ; delly, tardhe, w. ; tardha, p. ; ebilio, b. 
Ahan yv an pren telly e, since the wood is bored, p.c. 
2673. T delly teon my a wra, I will soon bore it. 
p.c. 2570. 

BORE, V. (To pierce or stab). Gudna, b. 

BORED, part. Tollys, p. 

HE WILL BORE. Tyl, dyl ; teyl, 8 pers. s. fiit. 
of telly, w. 

HE BORED A HOLE. DoUas, a mutation of ToUas, 
preterite of tolly, to bore, w. 

BORER, #. Tarad, tarder, w. 

BORN, CARRIED, part, Aborthes, degis, p. 

BORN, V. (TO BE BORN). Geny. w. ; lytogh hym 
nowyth gynyty a little child newly bom, o.m. 806. 

BORN, BEGOTTEN, part. Denetbys, b. ; genys. 

grnys, w. ; genyz. p. Gewy% ha myyyz, bom imd 

bred, p. 
BORN, part. Ffras, b. To he horn, Inffras. b. 
BOROUGH or CORPORATION, $. Trefraint, b. 
BORROW, V. Benthygio, b 

BO^OM, t. Ascra, ascle, b. ; hascra, m. 544 ; derra 
(n) c.w. ; 1837 ; Hay tn y devrajloyk teake, and in 
her bossom a fair child, cw. 1837 ; bodn, bnm, p. ; 
brys, B.D. 191 ; brodn, w. ; brun, b. ; pron, w. rryi, 
p. ; Creator a hrys henim, creatures from the boaom of 
woman, b.b. 191 

BOSOMS, i. (The two bosoms, or breasts). Duivron, 
defran. devran ; cluid duyvron, p. 

BOSS or STUD, e. Prumpl, b. 
BOTH, t. (The two). An diew, diew, w. ; an dieu, 
dien, p. 

BOTHER, i. (Worry, perplexity). Crum a grackl, d. 

BOTTOM, «. (The buttock or breech). Cylbah, kyl- 

bah, tyn, teen, tin, patshan, pedren, penddn, 

penklyn, w. 

BOTTOM, 8. (The lowest part). Gol^, golas, w. ; 
golaz, B. ; goUas, p. ; guUas, woles, w. ; wolas, b. ; 
izy, p. ; isav, b. 

THE BOTTOM OF. ladder, w. 


Eigion, B. 

BOTTOMLESS PIT, t. Pul doun, downder, w.; 
dounder, b. 

BOUGH", «. (Of a tree). Sciran, scoren, w. ; skiraOi 
scorren, b. ; skoran, c.w. 687 ; bar, baren, p. ; varen, 
w ; kerdinen, rhodd, B. ; Jiany boughe^ Lues scoren, 
p. Lit. Many a bough. Pi. Scorennow, o.m. 780 ; 
barennow, o.m. 788. 

BOUGHT, part. Prennas, brennas, prinid, Caid 
pnnid, a bought slave, w. See BUY. 

BOUND, V. (To leap). Lamme, lemmel, w. , laro- 
ma. p. 

BOUND, TIED, or FASTENED. Colmas, golmas, 
B. ; renothas, p. 

syngys, dysosys, w. 

BOUND. BOUNDARY, or LIMIT, $. Diwedh, 
dy wedh, w. ; diuadh, p. ; dyweth, w. ; diuath, b. ; 
diua, p. ; dewedh, duadh, dywedhva, duwedhva, 
fen, fin, fyn, w. ; geyth, gyst, p. ; bars, hap«, or, 
ors, cyffin, b. 

bars, B. men-heir. 

Digitized by 





BOUNDARY, s, (Border of a coumry). Urrian, w. ; 
yrhian, min, miniog, b. 

BOUNTIFUL, adf. HaU, w. 

BOUNTY, jr. Roweth, w. ; hut Ider, b. 

BOW, «. (For arrows; or that which is bent). 
Gwarac, goanu;, w. ; guarrak, b. ; gwaracke, c.w. 
1466. PL GnaregoT, m. 39 U. Bag arehers gan 
guaregov, and archers with bows, m. 391 1. 

BOW, V. Vossa, b. 

BOW, p. (To bow down, to bow down to, to bow the 
knee). Plegye, plygy^, blygye, w. ; plegy, p.; 
plegya, plynch6, b. 

BOW, r. (To bow or nod the head). Gk>gwyddo, gog- 
wyddo pen, b 

BOWED or BENT, adj, Crum, crom, w.; krom, 
kromn, crobm. kam, kabm, b. 

BOWED or BENT DOWN. Gamma, omgamm6, b. 

BOWEL, #. Colon, w. ; koloneion, p. ; cylyrion, cnl- 
tuionen, cnlurionein, w. ; enederon, b. ; pott, w. ; 
pot, D. 

BOWELS, #. Enederen, b. ; coloceion, w. ; kylyrion, 
B. ; pottis, M. 1272. PoU or potU is still used for 
bowels by the vulgar in Cornwall. 

BOWL, «. Hanaf, hanath, boUa, fiol, w. 

BOWL. 8, (The ball used in the game of bowls). 
Pellan, p. 

BOW LEGGED, adj, Divesgergam, w. ; i.e. Crooked 
two shanks. 

BOW-LINE, 9. (In a fishing boat). Vargord, b.v. ; 
Targoard, w.f.p. 

BOWSTRING, «. Tenewen, deneweUi temewan, tome- 
wan, tymewan, w. ; tomehuan, p. 

BOX, $. See BLOW. 

BOX, V, Boxcusy, w. (To strike blows). 

BOX. n. (Trunk or coffer). Tr6c, tr6k, w. Tekugh 
ef yn irdh a horn, cast it in a box of iron, b d. 2162 ; 
prenol, b. ; cofor, cofer, p. ; kopher, kophor, b. ; 


BOX-TREE, #. Box, w. ; bix, p. ; byx, p.c. 26. 

BOY, 8. M4b. maw, w. ; maow, ir. ; mau, p. ; mawe, 
c.w. 204 ; vaw, w. ; van, vaow, fldch, floh, fi6gh, 
hloh, p. ; guas, M. 1884. Ty vaow, thou boy. 

A LITTLE BOY. Meppig, b. 

BOYS, 8. Meyb, mebion, mebyon. mybyon, mebbion, 
cosgor, kosgar. Gen ko8garj our boys, w. 

BRACELET, 8, Moderuy, w. ; modereuy, b. 

BRAG, V, Bosty6, folie, w. ; guerha, gwertha, p. 

BRAG,». Bdst,b6s, f68t,fas, w. 

BRAGGART, «. Qualloc, w.; quallok, o.m. 2068; 
guallak, p. 

BRAGGARTS, #. Bosteryon, vosteryon, w. 

BRAGGING, «. B6n, bos. tost, f&s, w. Aum aga% 
tdji ha trdi, notwithstanding your bragging and noise, 
p.c. 2 » 10 ; ros, yn uiff r68, in my bragging, p. ; terros, 
wheth, p. 

BRAID, 8, Pl^th, w. 

BRAID, V, Plothan. P'olwheU. 

BRAIN, «. Empen, w. 

BRAINS, 8. Empinion, impinion, ympynion, empyn- 
yon, empynnyou, ympynnyon, empinnion, w. ; om- 
pynnen, m. 1274; ompenyon, m. 2996; pidnian, p.; 
ampydgnyan, a corruption of trnpynytm, w. ; nenpyn- 
ion, i.e. '' an empynion, the brain,'' b. But these are 
true plurals. 

BRAKE, «. Redanan, w. Borlase and Pryce use this 
word for a brake of ferns. 

BRAMBLE, «. Draenen, dreisen, w. ; dreizan, drac- 
hen. PL Dr^, drein, drain, drize ; dreis, w. ; drey* 
ne, c.w. 1091 Borlase erroneously gives dren, drein^ 
drain, and drite, in the singular. Spedhen. PL 
Spedhes, w. ; speth^s, p. 

BRAMBLE-BERRY, #. (Blackberry). Moran diu, p. 

BRaMBLE-BTJSH, #. Moyr bren. Pryce thought 
this was the proper name for a mulberry tree ; yet he 
gives it for a bramble-bush. 

BRAN, 8, Talch, w. ; eisin, ysgarthion, b. 

BRANCH, 8. (Of a tree). See BOUGH. Branehei, 
Palmes, B. 

BRANCH, #, (Of a river). Savig, b. 

BRANCH OUT, v. (To branch out). Blaguro. b. 

BRAND or MARK, s. Arwydd, b. 

BRANDED, part (Stigmatized). Omskemyn68, p. 

BRANDICE, BRAND-IRON, #. TribMh, trebath, 

tribet, w. 
BRANDISH, V. Ysgwydarf, b. 

BRANDY^ 8, Dour tubm Franc, b. Lit. French hot 

BRASS, «. Br^st, prfest, w. ; elydr, elydn, b. ; kober, 
cober, p. Cober and kohsr are the proper names for 

BRAT, t. Spud, b. 

BRAYE, adf. Dour, m. 4823. Sm8y8 gam av flehy 
dour, held by my brave children, h. 4323. 

A BRAYE FELLOW, Guas smat, or briefly mat, w. 
Dy8myg lemmyn ty gtuu 8mat, declare now, thou 
brave fellow, p.c. 1382. 

BRAWL, V. Deragla, w. ; ymeirio, b. 

BRAWLING, 8, Bairsighe, b. 

BRAWN, 8, Brawan, p. 

BRAY, V. Begy, w. 

BRAZE, V. Elyddu, pressu, b. 

Digitized by 





BBAZIER, $, Queiduur cober. 

BRKaCK, s. Tolva, doiva, w. ; brfeg, gwyth, wyth, 

with, p. 
BREAD, «. Bara, vara, w. ; rare, o.m. 2186. 
WHITE BREAD. Bara gwyn, w. 
WHEATEN BREAD. Bara gwaneth, w. 
BARLEY BREAD. Bara haiz, w. 
OATEN BREAD. Bara kerb, w. 
RYE BREAD. Bara sugall, w. 
A LOAF OF BREAD. Torth a vara, w. 


saut, B. 

BREADTH, b, L^s, leas, w. ; leys p. Three breadths, 

Tryll^s, w. 

BREAK, V. Terry, terhi, terhy, tyrry, w. ; toir, w. ; 
torn, p. ; torry, trocby, w. ; trehy, troghy, p. ; trohy, 
deny, derby, dyrry, w. ; dor6, dorre, p. ; skuattia, 
scuattya, sguattia, squattya, dbo skuattya, gwaytby, 
gwetbe, w. ; guetbe, p. ; fetby, ranne, w. ; recto, 
Mara giorew un recto, if I did once break, p. ; crakye, 
crakya, b. ; grachia, p. ; gracbya, b. 

TO BREAK IN PIECES. Brewy, squardy^, squer- 
dy^, w. ; squerdya, p. 

TO BE BROKEN IN PIECES. Squardye, squerdyc, 

w. ; squerdya, P. 

TO BREAK OFF. Trocby, trohy, trechy, trehy, 
tyrry, dyrry, w. 

TO BREAK OR BRUISE. Ob, dbo cob, b. The 
breaking up of the stones of ore is called cobbing, and 
those who do this in the Cornish mines are called 

TO BREAK OUT. (As an eruption on the skin). 
Tardhe, w. 

HE MAY BREAK. Dorro, a mutation of tarro, 
3 pers. s. fut, of torry, to break, w. 

I WILL BREAK. Dorraf. a mutation of torraf, 1 
pers. s. fut. of torry, to break, w. 

HE WILL BREAK. Ter, der, 3 pers. s. fut of torry, 
to break, w. 

BREAKING, e. Terry, terri. Terri an didh, the 
breaking, or break of day, w. 

BREAKING OUT, «. (An eruption on the skin). 
Tardh, tarth, p. 

BREAKFAST, «. Haunsel, hounsal, halsel, dishunish, 
B. ; dizanbib, p. ; boren frwyd, b. ; li, w. ; ly, p. 

BREAM, #. Siw, w. ; zew, ziu, p.; aiew, b. {PI. Sewion). 
wyan, p ; shewyan, c.w. 1410; zivion, b. A bream 
of a leeser kind. Lobmas, p. ; lobmas, b. There is 
a kind of bream which the Cornish caU beoker, n. 


A BREAM HALF GROWN. Plosher, n. 

BREAST, s. See BOSOM. Ahanaf keUp map bron, 
fur me every son of the breast, p.c. 892. Avel kynt 
kelep map pron, as before ; every son of the breast, 
O.M. 1162. 

BREASr, PAP, or TEAT, «. Tidy, w. ; tidi, p. In 
the dialect, to give a child the breast is expressed by 
** giving the child some tiddy." 

A LITTLE BREAST. T^than, w. 

BREAST-HOOK, «. (Of a boat). Gwaith, n. 

BREAST-PLaTE, «. Duj-fronneg, b. 

BREATH, i. (The breath). Alan, anal, anaU, b.; 
anel, m. 4094 ; Pikr guir gam hy anel poye, right 
truly by her heavy breath, m. 4094 ; huez, spryes, 
p. ; wh^th, hw^th, w. ; ^th, o.m. 1994. Pan yv 
mar tohek aga eth, since their breath is so sweet, ojl, 

BREATH or PUFF, #. Wh^th, hw^th, ^th, w. 

BREATHE, v. Whyth, whethe, b. 

tyene. w. See TO PANT. 

BREATHING, #. Pregoth, b. 

BRED, NURTURED, part. Megys, migys, mygys, 
w. ; megyz, mighyz. p. 


BREECHES, #. Lafroc, lafrog, lavrac, lavrak, w.; 
lavarrak, lydrou, laudr, b. 

BREED, V. (Nourish or bring up). MAg, b. 

BREED, 9. (To be breeding, to become pregnant). 
Ymdhoyn, humdhan, w. ; humthan, p, ; eppilio (? an 
euiUio), B. 

BREED, V. (To breed maggots, or to rot). Centreyny, 
kentreyny, w. 

BREEDER, ». Tadvath, tadvat, w. 

BREEDING, part. Humthan. JUa hy a humthtm, 
she here is breeding, b. 

BREEZE, t. Avel, auhel, w. ; awal, p. 

BRETHREN, $. Breder, vreder, bredeieth, brud- 
ereth, w. 

BREW, V. Darlow, gara brihi, b* 

BREWER, $. Darllawydd, b. 

BREWER'S GRAINS, e. Seag zeag, w. ; seage, 
zeage, b. ; Zacka vel seage, worse than grains, b* 

BRIAR, s. Spedhen. PI. Spedhes, w.; speth^ 
O.K., 275. 

Dreis, w. 

BRIBE, V. Halogu, b. 

brick; s. Pob-faen, b. 

Digitized by 





BRIDE, «. Bennen priot, benen nowydh, b. ; priot, 
B. Pnol is a term used for both Bexes, as ^t2r- 
priot, a bridegroom, bennen priot, a bride, b. 

BRIDEGROOM, 9. Gur-priot, d^ nowydh, b. 

BRIDEWELL, 9. Carchur, carchuidy, b. 

BRIDEWOMAN, 9. Bennen priot, benen nowydh, b. 

BRIDGE, 9, Pone, w« ; ponz, b. ; pont, pon, p. 

A FOOT BRIDGE. Clam, n. 

BRIDLE, 9. Fruyn, w. ; frudn, p. 

BRIEF. SHORT, adj. Cut, cot, w. ; oueth, cutta, 
bjr, ber, ver, b. 

A BRIEF OR SHORT TIME. Cut termyn, p. 

BRIEFNESS, <. Breder, herder, yreder, w. 

BRIEFLY, adf). Breder, brief, w. 

BRIGHT, adj. Cleyr, cl^r, dyblans, dhyblans, w. ; 
Ow formyi tek ha dyhlam^ me create fair and bright, 
o,M. 87 ; elyn, c. w. 90. Edg y wetha pHr elyn for to 
keep it full bright, c.w. 90 ; golow, w ; glin, o.m. 
34. Then hetf9 ol golowye gtdn^ to all the world 
bright lights, o.M« 34 ; splin, spladn, b. ; spl^n, 
teveiy, deverye, p. 

BRIGUTKBas, t. Fflur, b.; goleuder, golowder, 
q^nder, w. ; splandor, p, 

BRILLIANCY, #. The same as '* Brightness," q. v. 

yrhian, w. 

BRIM, r. (As a sow). Gydhivaz, b. {Marem appetere), 

BRIMSTONE. <. Mygfaen, ruibht, b. 

BRINE, 9. Gulyber, helu, b. ; hyly, w. I^ay yn 
dowr nag yn hyly, nor in water, nor in brine, b.d. 2318. 

BRING, V. D6n, doen, dhon, tdn, w. ; doan, b. ; 
doyn, doga, degy, w. ; dregjr, p. ; doroy, w. ; doro, 
jUar0 thym an guyn guella, bring me the best wine, p.; 
dyrey, drey, dry, w. ; dyg, b. ; dyghty, thyghtye, 
thoro, try, ren, ^ry, p.; hombroncy, hembryncy, 
hebrencj, w. ; hembrynky, p. Cerch6s, kerch6s» 
kerghas, cyrches, cerhes, kerhes, kerhez, kergh, 
kyi^gh, gerches, gerhaz, p. ; cyrhas, gyrhas, w. 

BRING FORTH, v. Denythy, dynythy, w.; 
nystevy, p. 

BRING TOGETHER, v. Dierbyn, dyerbyn, p. 

BRDiG THOU, Dro, drou, w. ; drew, p. ; doro, ir. 

LET HIM BRING. Drens, v. 

BRING YE. Drench, w. ; di-eugh, p. 

HE MAY BRING. Tokko. From degy. b. 

THAT HE MAY BRING. Mai tokko, from degy, b. 

HE WILL BRING. Drossa, geroh, a mutation of 
eereh, 3 pers. s. fut. of cerchee, w. 

WE WILL BRING BACK. Trylyn, dryllin, w. 

BRINK, 9. See BORDER, and BRIM. 

BRINK, 9. (Side of a river, or of a bank op 
•* cutting ") Gldn, gldnd, w. This is still in common 
use with miners, &c. 

BRISKLY, adv. Broazen. As of a fire burning 
bristdy, p. This term is still remembered by a few. 

BRISTLE, 9. Gurychin, b. 
BRITISH, adj. Brethonec, w. 
BRITON, A BRITON, 9. Kembra ; Chi an Kemhra, 
the house of a Briton, p. {^PL Brethon, w.) 

BRITTANY, 9. Lezow, b. ; Breton, m. 231 ; Breton, 
M. 611 ; Bryten, m. 1 ; Bryton vyan, ^Little Britain), 
M, 169 ; Vreten, h. 649. A vreten, from Brittany. 

BRITTLE, adj. Brenoll, brettol, b.; vrotall, c.w. 

22 i3; hydruk, p. 
BROAD, adj. Ledan, w. ; bredar, b. ; ruth p. ; 

lidden, d. 
BROAD or 0. EN, adf. Leas, lees, leys, lis, p. 
BROAD-FIGS, 9. Figes ledan, w. 
BROIL, 9. (Tumult). Godoryn, b. See, ROW, 


BROIL, V. Crussu, b. 

BROKE or BROKEN. Doire, b. ; troch, brew, vrew, 
w. ; terras, dorras, b. 

TO BE BROKEN. Ranne, w. 

HE BROKE. Dorras, a mutation of torra9 3 pers, s. 
pret. of torry, to break, w. 

HE HAD BROKEN. Dorrassa, a mutation of torra9a9 
3 pers. s. pluperf, of tarry, to break, w. 

BROOD, V. (To sit on brood). Gorweddar, b. 

BROOD, 9. (Of chicken). Deoriad, b. 

BROOK, 9. Ick, thour, carrog, p. ; Karrog is doubt- 
fully given by Borlase for a river. 

FULL OF BROOKS. Hlllk, From hSl, a river, b. 
BROOM, 9. (The phint). Banal, banathel, w. 

BROOM, 9. (To sweep with). Bannolan, banolan, 
bynolan, w. ; bynollan, b. ; bannal, p. ; scubellen, 
scubilen, yscubell, b. 

BROTH, 9. Bros, b.d. 142. Yn brd9 p^ dSk, in a 
very fair broth, u.i>. 1 12 ; cowl, coul, caul, w. ; kaul, 

p. ; kowl, B. ; joul, iskel, isgel, p. ; ligge, b.t. 

brawder, b. 

BROTHEL, 9. Tshyi bora, p. Lit. Whore-house. 

BROTHER, 9. Broder, bredar, l»odar, bruder, w. ; 
brauder, p. ; brand, w. ; brawd, b. ; vroder, vredar, 
w. PL Breder, vreder, bredereth, bmdereth, w; 
brederedh, p. 

BROTHERHOOD, 9. Bmdereth, w, ; brawdoliath, b. 

BROUGHT, part. Dr^s, dreys, druyth, drikth, w.; 

drew, p. ; dhroz, dhroys, dhoroaz, drossen, bronkis, b. 

HE BROUGHT. Ddc, dh^c, diig, dyg, dros, dhros, w. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




WE HAD BROUGHT. Drossen, w. 

BROW or FOREHEAD CLOTH, $. Talien, kor- 

uadh, B. 
BROWN, adj. Teual, p. ; guinenddhy, b. Lit. Black 

BRUISE, V. TevTj, terhi, tyiry, tony, w. ; torri, p.; 

brewy, w. ; bodrethe, p. See BREAK. 
BRUISE, V. Ysigo, b. (? as of com). 
BRUISED, part. Brew, rrew, w. 
BRUISE, 8. Brew, w. ; buflon. d. 
BRUISES, #. Brewyon, vrewyon, bodredhes, w. ; 

bodrethes, p. ; potredes, w. D$l vath luen a hodrethis^ 

that it shall be full of bruises, o.m. 2714. 
BRUSH. «. Scibia, w. ; skibia, p ; scaberia, w. ; ys- 

gubo, B. 
BRUTAL, adj. Melen, milen, mylen, yelen, vilen, 

vylen, feleu, w. 
BUBBLE, 8. Hwfethvians, w. ; hufethvians, p. Hw^- 

thviatu an dour, a bubble of water. 
BUCK, 8. (Buck goat, he-goat). Bock, w. ; b6c, byk, 

p. ; byck, B. ; bocca. p. ; bogh, M. 8418. 
BUCK'S HEAD. «. Pen bogh, m. 3418. 
BUCKED MILK, t, Buchar, w. 

BUCKET. 8, Kibal, kibbal. ystuuc, b. IXhhle is in 
constant use among miners for an iron mine-bucket. 

BUCKLE, j». Broche, p. ; flal, fyal, fual, b, ; streing, 

w. ; streig, b. 
BUCKLE, V. Clymmu, b. When things are stuck 

together they say they are eUmmed, n, 
BUCKLER, 8. Costan« w. ; kostan, b. ; gostan, w. 
BUCKSOM]E. adj. Anludd, drythyU, b. 
BUD, V. Brousta, b. 
BUDGET. 8. Daver, w. ; codgroen, b, 
BUFFOON, 8. Farvel, b. ; bardh, barth, w. 
BUG, 8. Contronen. PL Contron, w, 
BUGBEAR, 8. Bucca, w. ; bucha, p. 
BUILD. V. Dreherel, dereval, w. ; derebal, derevel, 

direvall, kidha, b. 
BUILDER, 8. Veidvur ti, w. 
BUILDING, 8 AdaU. b. 
BUILDING STONES, 8. Mein wheal, p. ; meinhweyl, 

w. ; meyn wheyl, o.m. 2319. 
BULGE, 8. Tor, torr, w. 

BULL, 8. (The animal). Tarow, w. ; taro, p. ; tarw, b. 
A YOUNG BULL. Yweges. w. 
BULLS, 8. (The Pope's bulls). BoUys, voUys, m. 

2769, 2766. Yma an holly ^pary8j the bulls are ready, 

M. 2769 T volly8 a veth 8er$fy8y his bulla shall be 

written, m. 2766. 

BULLFINCH, #. Nope, b. 

BULLOCK. 8, Odion, odgau, w ; odzhon, ohan, b. ; 
oh, w. ; 16n, c.w. 1569 ; lodn, w. ; lond, lodn gwa- 
rack. p. ; lodn guarack, dunures, deneroit, b. Anf 
hulloch, Lodzhon. b. 

BULLOCKS, «. Lodnow, lothnow, ludnow, w. ; lud- 
nou, B. 

BIfLLY, 8. Jannak, jannek, n. 

BULRUiSH, 8. Brunnen, brychan, corsfruynen, b. ; 
heschen, haskyn, hoskyn, p. ; hesken. d. Pryoe 
gives kMchen, haskyn, hoihyn, for sedge and burr reed, 
as goo ft ho8kyn, the down uf sedge, or rushes. 

BULWARK, 8. Brenniat, p.; brennyat, cadaml6, 
cademid, b. ; din, dinas. dinaz, p. ; pill, b. Pill is 
also given in Bonds' History of Looe, note, p. 163. 

BUM, #. See BOTTOM. 

BUN or CAKE, «. Fuggan, d. 

BUNCH or BUNDLE. #. Dylofni, b. ; wad, waze, d. 

BUNCH, 8. (A bunch or rise of land). Bor, p.; 
Borlasd in St. Wenn, The green rising, or bunch. 

BUNCH, 8. (A bunch of flowers). Tosh, n. 

BUNDLE, 8. Torchat. b. ; pusom, w. Me a'n kdm 
auel pu9om, I will tie him like a bundle, b.b. 5 42. 

A SMALL BUNDLE, (As of hay, straw, Ac). Wad, 
waze, D. 

BUNGLER, 8. Cobb6, d. 

BURDEN, 8, B^, v6, w. ; bedh, p. ; carg, w. ; karg, 
p. ; sam, saw, w. ; pouis, pois, poiys, b. 

BURDEN, 8. (The burden of a song) Pusom, w. 

BURDOCK, 8. {Arctium lappa\ L^s-serchoc, l^s-en- 
hoc, B. 

BURIAL, 8. Arwyl, b. ; andedhyas, anclydhyas, w.; 
anclythyas, p.. 

BURIAL-PLACE. 8. Clathva, p.o. 1546; dadra, 
corhlan, w. ; korhlan, b. 

BURN. V. Loscy, losky, lescy, lesky, leyscy, lyscy, 
w. ; lyskye, c.w. 107.J ; leysky, p.c. 1768; leskL, 
p. ; losgi, B. ; tewy, w. ; tewye, tew6, diwy, p. ; 
dywy, dewy, w. 

BURN", V. (To burn turf). Kesow, p. Perhaps from 
kenan, a turf. Thie turf burning iu provincially 
termed, beat-burning. 

BURNING, A BURNING, #. Lose, losk, loaevan, 
lostvan, w. ; lesky, r.d. 170. 

A BURNING COAL. Leskyad, b. 

A RAPID BURNING. Broasen, b.v. 

BURNT OFFERINGS, #. Golwyth, b. 

BURST, V, Squattya, skuattia, scuattya, dho skuattya> 

sguattia, w. ; tarzas, b. 
BURY, t7. Ancledhy, encledhy^s, w. ; anclethias, x. 

1323; b^dhy, w. ; daiarou, cluddu, b. ; clathna» 

clethy, p 

Digitized by 





BTJSH, s. Loin. w. ; {PL Loinou, p. ;) bos, R d. 5:59. 
Yn ncp 16$ tewl py yn nom, in some bush, hole, or in 
a corner, r.d. 539 ; bagas, w. ; bagaz, p. ; bosnos, 
o.M 1398. An botn*j8 dywy a tora, the bush is on 
^tv, o.¥. 1398. 

BTJSH OF THORNS. Bosnos. p. 

BUSHY, adj, Lesic, w. ; lesek, lessick, p. 

BUSHEL, «. (A bushel or strike). Matli armessur. b. 

BUWILY, adv, Besy. vesy, m. 3374. Orth of> gorthya 
pHr veayy worshipping me light busily, x. 'S^l\. 

BU'^INESS, «. Neges, negis, negys, nygys, w. ; gever, 
p. Pryce means by g&oer^ business or duty, 

BUSKIN. 9. Ffollach, b. 

BUSKINS. 8. Poltrigas, b. 

BUSTLE, 8. Trafferth, b.; stroath, rtroather, p. The 
words 8troath and 8troather, for bustle, hurry or ex- 
citement, are still used in the Cornish dialect. 

BUSYBODY, 8. Staver, n. 

BUT. B^s, bcz, p. ; bos, boz, buz, b. ; bys, byz, byt. 
pos, pays, prest, m^s, m4s, maz, p. 3ti8 mara kewy8 
yn U\ but if I have spoken truly, p.c. 1273 ; saw, 
sau, p. ; sow, sowe, c.w. 37 1, 46 1 . Saw hetegym ragon 
ny, but nevertheless for us, r.d 980. Sau an ethyn by- 
negS8, but the blessed birds, p.M. 1067 ; ja, gew, gyu, 
whare, b. ; hagen, gorreugh, penag, ponag, peneg(:8, 
p. ; leman, lemen, lemmau, lemmen. lemyn, lemmyn, 
lymmyn, luman. w. Nyn 8yu gulan lemmyn mo8ty8y 
it is not clean but dirty, r.d. 1927. 

BUT THEE. Mamas, o.m 948. War pep vl mamae, 
over all but thee. o.m. 946. 

BUT IF. Po cen, poken, pyken, p. 

BUT YET. Hagen, p. 

BUTCHER, 8. Cugdd, b. 

BUTLER, $. Guallofwr, b. ; menistror, spencer, w. 

Hoy 'tto arluth ee epencer, the lord is more than the 

butler, p.c. 802. 
BUTT-END, 8. B^n, w. 
BUTTER, 8. Amenen, emenin, manyn, menen, am- 

man, w. 
BUTTERFLY, «. Ticcidew, w. ; tikki-deu, gloindiu, 

gloyndiu, b. 
BUTTERMILK, e. Meith, p. 
BUTTERY, 8. Spens, p. ; trull, b. ; talgel, w. 
BUTTOCKS, «. (The two buttocks). Duklyn, m. 

3312 ; pedrennov, m. 1422. Bag e8ya an pedcnnov; 

for easing the buttocks. Mayfo claffage d/Myn, that 

their buttocks may be sore, m. 3312. See BOTTOM. 
BUY, r. Prenne, prenna, prynny, pema, bema, w. ; 

perhen, p. ; frenne, fronna, w. &dg % frenna. To 

buy it, p. 
HE WILL BUY. Pren, bren. The 3 pars. a. fut. of 

prenn^, w. 

BUYER, 8. Pemar, w. 

BUZZARD, 8. Body-g'iemi, b. 

BY. A, w. ; ha, p ; ^r, w. ; uorh, n. ; dres, p. ; der, 

dre, tre, dredh, orth, ordh, worth, w ; bur, kyn, p. ; 

gen, gan, gans, cans, w. ; genz, ryby, p. ; ran, m. 

39j ; tan, o.m. 2n34. Er an thewen, by the gods, 

M. 265 1 . Oane peeler ha iowan pary8, by Peter and 
John prepared p.c. 700. Kyn toylly mUr wolowye, 
by seeing much light, p. Dre un venen wharevethye, 
wrought by a woman, a.M. 626. Dre tertu a'n thyr 
guelen, by virtue of three rods, o.m. 1763. Rdn 8eni 
in nejf, by the saints in heaven, m. 399. T6n oufHh, 
by my faith, o.m. 2634. R^b. nb, ryb. ryp, w. ; or- 
ta, ordan. b. Me a go^k ryp y pen, I will sleep by his 
head, h.d. 418. 

BY. Be. Used only in imprecations, as. Re jovyn, by 
Jove. lU deu an ids, by God the Father, o.m. 1919. 

BY and BY. Wharre, warte, whare, p. 

BY MY. Hum, rom, w. 

BY HIS SII»E, OR HER SIDE. Aytu (a y tu), w, 

BY IT. Anedhy, anetby, annethy, anythy, p. 

BY OR NEAR UNTO US. Rybbon, rybon, rebbon, w. 

BY OR THROUGH. Drydh, drMh, w. 

BY OR THROUGH HER, OR IT. Dredhy, dry- 
dhy, w. 


BY OR THROUGH ME. Dredhof, w. 

BY OR THROUGH THEE. Dredhos, w. 


BY OR THROUuH US. Dredhon, w. 

BY OR THROUGH YOU. Dredhouch, w. 



C. This letter in all the Celtic languages has exactly 
the sound of the English k. 

In Cornish C is both a primwry and a secondary letter ; 
when primary it changes in construction into G and 
ch, which is generally represented by H, as colon, a 
heart; ygolon, his heart, y holony her heart. When 
secondary, C in Cornish, is a mutation of G, as galla/, 

1 shall be able ; nMr a callaf, if I shall be able, w. 
Lex, Com. Brit. 

CABBAGE, 8. (A cabbage). Bre»ych, ongel, b. 
CABBAGE, 8. Caol, caul, cowl, cawl, w. ; kaol, b. ; 

kavatch, p. 
CABIN, 8. Overgugol, b. 
CABINET, 8. (A cabinet). Cib, b. 
CABLE, 8. Zhaff, b. 
CACKLE, V. (Like a hen). Gregar, b. 

Digitized by 




1 CAN. 

CAEE. M, Tepan, tezan. desan, w. ; dezan, p. ; cacan, 
w ; kakan, p. {PI. Eakez, f ;) fuggan, fogans, 
foogans, D. 

CALDRON OR CAULDRON, «. P^r, kaltor, kaud- 
am, B ; caudam, w. 

CALENDS, #. (The fiist day of the month). Calan» 
kalan, halan, w. ; cala, m. jd39. CalanU^ oalends of 
May, H. 3339. 

CALF, #. (The animal). Loch, leanh, w. ; leanch, p. ; 
Ingh, M. 1667 ; ebol. PL EbiUi, p. 

CALF, B. (Of the leg). Logoden fer, w. ; belgar, b. 

CALL or CRY, <. ("rei, krei, cri, cry, gri, gry. w. ; 
gains, p.; galow. oh. Ib32. Clew galow anhohyl^ 
hear the call of this people, o.m. 1 832. 

CALL, <. (A call for the cows). Pruit, pruit pru- 
it, D. 

CALL, V, (Call, call fot. call or cry ont). Cria, w. ; 
kriha, b. ; creia, crya, crye, crio, gelwel, gylwel, w. ; 
galwy, p. ; galua, b. ; gain, p. ; celwei, kelwel, w. 

CALL or NAME, v, Henwel, honwa, celwei, 
kelwel, gelwel, gylwel. w. ; galwy, p ; galna, b. ; 
gain, p. 

CALLED or NAMED, pari, flenwys, hyawys, 

honwys, honys, w. ; hylwys, henneles, p. ; henuelez, 

B- ; gyl^8> gilwys, w. ; ghelnjz. ghilnyz, b. 
CALL, V. (To call for, to ask earnestly). Yrghy, 

ergh, yrgh, p. 
CALL, V, (To call to mind). Covio, w. ; perko, 

perkon, p. 
CALM, «. T^gauel, avel, b. ; t^g awel, awel vis, 

anel v&z, p. 
CALM, (To be calm). Llnesn, b. 
CALMNESS, «. Callamingi, kallaminghi, b. ; kalla- 

mingi, p. 
CALUMNIATE, v. Cibly, w. 
CALUMNY, «. Cabel. w. 
CAME. Devethfes, dheth, gath, venons, b. See TO 

I CAME. Dnthe, dhnthe, dnyth, dneyth, dhueyth, w. 
THOU CAME8T. Dnthys, dnes, ti a dh^s, w. 
HE CAME. D^th, t^th, dh^th, duth, dhnth. tuth, 

dneth, dhneth, tneth, d^, deve, defe, w. ; 

dothye, b. 
TE C AME. Dnthench, dhutheuch, w. 
THtY CAME. Dethons, tethons, w. ; thethons, p. ; 

dethens, w. ; dothyans, B. ; desons, dhesons, w. ; 

thesons, p. 
CAMEL, #. Canrmarch, w. ; kanrvarch, b. 
CAMP, ». Cadlys. LiU Battle-place. 
CAN or FLAGON, «. Canna, w. ; kanna, p. 
CAN. Kyll. Ma/r a kyU, if he can, b. ; kylle, keller, 

p. ; eiloh. Hui eilohf ye can ; oar, 6r, b. 

I CAN. Allaf, callaf, p. ; worrians, b. ; ylla, p. 

I CAN OR MAY. Manaf, p. 

I CAN OR E:N0W. {sic), Mior. b. 

AS I C\N. Dell wour, b. 

IF I CAN. Mar a callaf, p. 

IF HE CAN. Mara kor, p. ; mar a kyll, b. 

IF THOU CANST. Markylleth, c.w. 1735. 

HE CAN. Fol. A neth pythfol, with what force he 
can, p. 

WE CAN. Gyllin,*ni a yllin, b. 

CANST THOU? Ylta? (yUte), w. 

CANDLE, «. Cantuil, cantal, cantl, w. ; kantl, p. 
kantuil, {PL Kyntnlti, b) ; Ingam, w. ; lygam, p; 

CANDLESTICK, %, Cantulbren, cantalbren, tshown- 
ler, w. tshounler, golou-lestre, b. 

CAP, «. Capa. PI. Capiez, w. ; kappioz, p. 

CAPE, «. (Or headland). Rhyn, rftn, pen-ryn, w. 

Capon, «. Talbum, w. ; tshappon, p. 

CAPTAIN, «. Duf. d^f, w. Fydyn w ddfwhek acy, 
hasten my sweet captain of me, p.c. 989 ; Ha why 
annas ov dif kir^ and yon Annas my dear captain, 
PC. 977. 

CAPTAIN, #. (Or leader in an army). Hebrenchiat 
luid. w. ; hebrenchiat luir, p. 

CAPTIVE, s. Dalhen, w. ; hegar, b 

CAPTIVE, adj Caeth, w. 

CAPTURE, V. Cemeres, hemeres, w. 

CARD or COMB. v. Cribia, w. ; kribia, criba, 
kriba. kribaz, p. 

CARE, s. (Keep or keeping). Ciir, o.x. 1620; 
Ouyth ny yHh cHr, keep ns in thy care, o m. 1620. 

CAKE, s, (Anxiety). Donr, duer, d^, diir, w. ; 
Awos y lathi ny*m duer for killing him no care is to 
me, B.D. 1 898 ; rach, p.c. 2722. Ha henna yans mur 
a rach, and that with mnch care, p.c. 2722 ; reonte, 
Oans mHo' reonU, with mnch care, p. Williams 
thinks this may be reoute. 

CARE, s. (Consideration). Preder, pryder, w. ; 
pridar, p. 

CARE, s. (Cantion). Gwith, gwyth, gnyth, w. ; 
gnet, O.M. 1784; with, wyth, wihith, w. ; nhith, 
B. Saw yuet may wrylly cresy, bnt take care that 
thou do believe, o.m. 1784. 

CARE FOR, TO CARE FOR, v. Dhowlyth, thow- 
lyth p. ; gorwythy, w. ; gorwith, gorqoith, p. 

BE CAREFUL. Gbrquyth, gorwyth, w. ; gorguith, b, 

CAREST. Thoutyth, thowtyth, b. Hi thowtyth du, 
cai est thou not for GK>d f b. 

HE WILL TAKE CARE. Wyth, a mutation of 
gwyth, 3 pers. s. fut. of gwythi or ywithd, w. 

Digitized by 





CAREFUL, adf, (Cautious). Fiir, ttr, feer, w. ; fyr, 
p. ; fin, w. ; w4r, p. ; ysbg, b. 

CAREFUL, adj\ (Considerate). Prederys, priderys, 
pryderys, w. 

CARE-TREE, $. (The mountain ash). Cerden, w. \ 
kerden, p. 

CAREER, <. Hins, w. 

CARGO, 9, Carg, w. ; karg, p. 

CARNAGE, #. Calanedh, w. 

CARP, 9. (The sea carp). Cunner, n. 

CARPENTER, «. Sair-pren. Lit, Sawer of wood, 
w. ; cafenter, n. 

CARPENTER'S MEASURE. #. Scanteloun. w. 
CARPETING. «. Elestr, b. 
CARRIAGE or CAKT, «. Caiios, w. See CART, 
CARRIED, part Cerrys, kerrys, w. ; gurys, b. ; abor- 

thes, degis, p. ; degys, dregy, thoke, b. ; rafsys, w. ; 
rassys, p. 

CARRION, 9. Carynnyas. o.m. 1103. Mar Icy f ear y- 
nnya9 eerian, if it finds carrion, certainly, o.h. 1103. 

CARROT, 9, Caretys, p. . karetys, b. Borlase gives 
the same name for a parsnip. 

keggas, kai-yer, d. The ancient Cornish called hem- 
lock, keffa9. 

CARRY, BEAR, BRING, v. Don, doen, w. ; doan, 
B. ; doyn, dun, t6n, toen, w. ; teen, p. ; doga, degy, w. ; 
dregy, p. ; thegis, th^k, b. ; porthy, w. ; aborth, p ; 
perthy, prethy, berthy, cerches, kerch68, cyrches, 
cerhes, kerhes, w. ; kerhez, kergh, kyrgh, gerhaz, 
p. ; caria, w. .<ee also TO BEAR OR CARRY. 

HE CARRIED. Duk, dug, w. 

HE SHALL CARRY. Dek, deg, w, 


CARRY THOU. Dok, dog, doga, w. 

LET HIM CARRY. Degyns, w. 

LET TJS CARRY. Degen, w. From degy. 

CARRY YE. Degeugh, w. 

CARRYING. Ou toon, ou ton, k. 

CARRIED. Degys, k. 

CARRY AWAY, v. Hethas, p. 

CART, 9. Cert, kert, w. ; carios, p.c. 2266. 

CARVE, V. (Cut, engrave). Gravio, w. ; grairia, p. 

CARVER or ENGRAVER, «. Gravior, renniat, w. 

CASE, 9. (In that case). Kdz, b. 

CASH, 9. Sols, vonesi vone, monnah, b. 

CASK, 9. Tonnel, w. ; tonneU, p. ; tonwell, b. ; bal- 

liar, w. 
A SMALL CASE. Perseit, b; This is also a name 

given to a jug with two ears. {Amphora). 

CAST, 9, (A throw or fling). Toul, tewl, teul, w. ; 
doul, dowle, p. 

CAST, #. (A throw). Fauns, b. A wrestling term. 

CAST, V, (Throw, throw down, cast out, fling). Tow- 
la, toula, w. ; dowla, doulla, teuly, p. ; tewlel, w. ; 
tiulel, p. ; tywlel, w. ; tyulel, b. ; towlal, toleugha, 
p. ; stlapa, b. 

CAST or THROWN Tewlas, dewlys, b. 

I CAST MYSELF DOWN. Umhelaf, p. 

CAST YE. Telywch, from teuiel, to cast or throw, p. 

CAST or THROW AWAY, v. Redeuly, p. Ca9t 
out, Lamas, p. 

CASTLE, «. Oaer, c4r, w. ; kaer, p. ; din, tin, castel, 
w. ; kastal, ; kestell, p. PL Cestel, w. ; kestel, p. ; 
castylly, m. 305 ; kastilli, p. 

CAT, «. Cith, w. ; kith, kit, p. ; dlt, gith, w. 

A HE-CAT. G^rcdth, w. ; giirkath, gurgith, p. 

A WILD CAT. Koid-gith, w. ; koith-gdth, b. Lit. 
A wood-cat, or cat of the wood. 

CATCH, V, (Hold or seize). Sensy, synsy, sinsy, 
sensye, sendzha, w. ; sindzha, dho sendzh^, sensa, 
sansa, syngy, p. 

CATERPILLER, #. Cafor, w. ; prif-pren. prev-pren, 
B. Lit, Twig-worm, as if so called from its shape. 

CATTLE, 9, Ludnow, lodnow, w. ; ludnou, lodnou, 
B. ; ehal, gwarthec, gwarrhog, w. ; guarrhog, p. ; 
guarthek, o.h. 1065; tshattal, b. Mergh, guarthek^ 
mogh, ha devSs^ horses, cattle, pigs, and sheep, o.h. 1 065. 


CAUSE or REASON, 9, Ceyson, key son, cheyson, 
cheson, ceson, w. Na allons cafftM eM9(m, let them 
not be able to And ciuse, o.h. 1835 ; ciks, p. ; kiz, 
B. ; k^n, O.H. 1826 ; b.d. 2153. Kafu9 ken the thy- 
9cry9y^ And «ause to disbelieve, o.h. 1826. L^uereugh 
an Ml, tell use the cause, b.d. 2153 ; rys. Rysyw^ 
there is cause, b. 

CAUSE or LAWSUIT, «. K^n. c^n, ch^, w. 

CAUSE. v« Scyl6, w. ; gwra, gura, wra, ry, b. 

CAUSED, part Grew, wra, wre, b. 


CAUTION, V. Gwamya, w. ; guamya, b. 

CAUTION, 9, See CARE and also PRUDENCE. 

CAUTIOUS, 9. See CAREFUL. Ea hethough war 
oolonoto, and be of cautious hearts, p.c. 879. 

CAVALIER, 9. Marrec, marheg, w. ; marhag, p.; 
marchec, w. PL Marregion, marreggyon, marrogion, 
marrougion, w. 

CAVE or CAVERN, 9, V^g, vugh, v^igga, vooga, fo- 
gou, fogo, googoo, huge, vou, fow, fou, ogo, ogov, 
kaff, kaou. gw&g. The word vug, and those siimlar 
to it, as in the above, are still in use for a cave, or 
cavern. A hollow place or cavity in a mine is so r 

Digitized by vnOOQlC 




called. The word aipdff is also still used for an empty 
or hollow place. For other words see DEN. 

OAVIL, V C ably, w. ; cubla, p. Part Cablas, cublas, 
scable, b. 


CEASE, V, Hassa, hedhy, pegya, sestya, p. 

CEASING,*. Dylly, B. 

. ^^ CELL, «. Gw4g. PL Gwagion, w. 

^ef^/i^oy cellar;,, spidiww. 

CENTRE. HEART, MIDST, «. Cr^s, crM, w. ; crez, 

CENSER, «. Encoislester, toislester ( ? ), w. ; inkois- 
lestr, B. 

CENTURION, ,. Pencanguer, b. ; pen canguer, w. 

CERTAIN, adj. Diogel dyogel, dyougel, dyowgel, 
dyhogel, diougel, tyowgel, w. 

CERTAINLY, arfp. This adrerb is formed from the 
adjective certain by the prefbc en or yn. Thus 
among the many forms we hare, en diogel, f n dhiou- 
g;el, en dhiugel, yn diogel, yn dougel, &c. Some- 
times without any prefix, as, diogel, diougel, p. ; 
dyogeyl, m. 413; thyvgel, m. 82^; thyogeyll, M. 
2187 ; also, eredy, yredy, b. ; pur wyr, p. ; sAr, b. ; 
sert^n, c.w. 2*28 ; yn certen, c.w. 62 ; in certen, c.w. 
24 ; ywys, c.w. 124. 

MOST CERTAINLY. P{kr pury, p. 

CHACE, V, Chasy, b, 

CHAD, #. (Fish). Lobmaj, p. 

CHAFE or FRET, v, Rhittia, rhyttia, b. 

CHAFF, #. (Of com), Usion, ision, w. ; As, pUm, 
kuthu, kulin, b. ; culin, colow, culhu, w. Colow 
and cvXin are the plurals of c6l, the awn or beard of 
com. See HUSKS OF CORN. 

CHAFFINCH, «. Tink, d. 

CHAFING-DISH,*. Tshofar, p. 

CHAIN, «. Chaden, b. The plural chaynyi is from 
the English. 

CHAIN- LINK, B. Merle, n. 

CHAIN-SHAKLE, $. Ettaw, n. 

CHAIR, 8. Cadar, w. ; gadar, p. ; tutton, b., hence 

tutu or hassocks, sichen, b. ; kader. Kader Migel, 

Michael's chair. 

CHAIR or BENCH, b. Ysgobeth, b. 

CHAIR or ROSTRUM, b. Pyrcat, b. ; pyrkat, p. 

CHALICE, B. Celegel, w. kelegel, p. 

CHALLENGE, v, Iskinat, b. 

CHAMBER, B. Stevel, steuel, w. ; tshomber, b. 

CHAMBER-POT, «. Pitshar pisa, w.; pitshar 
piza, B. 

CHAMPION, #. Codwiir, w. cadgCbr, p.; cami»er, 
w. ; kampier, p. ; campCbr, ymdowlAr, w. ; ymdonliir, 
B. ; ymdoular, p. 

CHANCE, LOT, #. Lam. w. ; prAn, pr^ p. 

CHANGE, V, Treyle, treylye, tryle, trylye, legria, w. 

CHANGE, B. Legriaz. scos, b. 

CHANGED, part, Legrys, legryz, gangys, b. 

CHANGING. A CHANGING, b. Legradz, p. 

CHANNEL, B, Frot, slianol, w. ; rhyn, b. 

CHANNEL or ARM of THE SEA, #. Gaimel, 
savas. b. ; PsfuavaB, head of the channel. 

CHANNEL OF A RIVER, $. Ruan, ryne, w. ; 
rine, nn, p. 

CHAPEL, B. Tshappal, p. 

CHAPTER, B. Cabydul, b. 

CHARACTER, t. Lyble, b. 

CHARACTERISTIC, b. N6d, n68, n6z, w. 

CHARGE, V. Doreganas, b. 

argha, p. ; ryghtc, b. 

HE CHARGED. (Commanded), Trchys, S pers. s. 
preterite of archa, to charge or command, w. 

CHARGE YE. Ynyough, b. 

CHARGE, B. ^Command). Gurchmennis, gorhemin, 
gorhemmyn, w. ; See COMMAND or COMMAND- 

CHARGE, *. (Cost). Cost, w. ; sam, n. ^'PU 
stand sam " is often heard said in Cornwall. 

CHARGE, B. (Load). Carg, w. ; karg, p. ; earn, 
saw, B 

CHARGE, B. (Accusation). Ceyson, keyson, eheyson, 
cheson, ceson^ acheson, w. 

CHARIOT, B. Car, b. ; kert. r.d. 236. M$ a fuB 
yn kert a tdn, I was in a chariot of fire. b.d. 236. 

CHARIOTEER, b. Kyncar, b. 

CHARITY, #, G^, B. 

CHARM, V. Sona, sone, zona, w. 

CHARM or AMULET, *. Soon, n. From Bona, to 

CHARTER, B. Guarrac, w. ; guarack, p. 

CHASM or GULPH, «. SwaUet, n. ; See GULPH 

CHASTE, adj. Guaf, w. ; dianafl, b. 

CHASTISE, t7. Cara, w. ; vensy, charty, b. 

CHASTISED, part. Kerethys, k. ; 3251. Ba 
kerethyB eredy, and chastised readily, m. 3251. 

CHAT, V. Cewsel, cows, dho kouz, cous, oousa, p. ; 
cowsy, coosy, n, 

CHATTER, V. Flattre, flattry6, w. 

Digitized by 





CHATTER, r. (As from cold). Krehylly. p.c. 1218; 

J/a thew hnhyllys ov dyrm, my teeth are ohattering, 

p.c. 1218. 
CHATTER, '* GAB." «. Wob. d. 
CHATTERER, «. Cowser, flattor, w. 
A FEMALE CHATTERER, Flattores, w. 
CHATTERING, f. Scaval-an-gow, d. Lit. A bench 

of lies. 
CHATTELS, ». MebyL Hag ol ov mehyl dyhlam, kshSl 

all my chattels^ clearly, m. 
CHEAT, r. Billa, dolla, b. 
CHEEK, 9, Bdch, boh. w. ; bock, bok, chal, p. ; y4ch, 

vdh, w. ; griid, grydh. (check or jaw) b. 

CHEERFUL. adj\ Lowen, w.; louan, lawen, b. ; 
hienek. leunik. p. ; leaenik. louenak, lanenik, lowenic, 
lawenicy lewenic, laweimek, lowenec, b. 

CHEESE, ». C6s, k^s, cans, cos, w. ; kez, keas, p. 

A CHEESE, $. K6zn, k6z. p. 

CHEMISE or SHIFT, #. Creis, crys, w. 

CHEST, $ Cist. {A tmaU chest or box. Kistan, b.) ; 
logel, logeU. logol. w. 

CHEST or COFFER, s. Arch, w.; argh. m. 8401. 
Tan ha gore in the argh, take and put in thy chest. 
X. 3401 ; cofor, w. ; cofer. p. ; kophor, kopher, b. 

A GREAT CHEST. Kopher brAz. p. 

CHESNTJT, s, Cistinen, w. 

CHICK or A CHICKEN, $. Edhenic. idnic, ydnic, 
w. ; idninc, p. ; ydnungk, ebol. m&b giar, b. 

CHICKWEED, #. GlMh,w.;felen,D. "Fellenherb" 
is often used in Cornwall. 

CHIDE, V, Canvas, w. ; kanvas, b. ; flout, deragla, 
w. ; omdhal, p. ; yraeirio, b. 

CHIEF, HEAD, BEGINNING, #. Pen, pyn, w. ; 
pedn, p. 

CHIEF or FIRST, adf, Censa, kensa, cynsa, w. ; 
kenza, kynsa, kyns6. b. ; kinsa, p. 

CHIEF, UPPERMOST adj. Pennaeth, b. ; warrah. 
w. ; uarrah. p. 

CHIEF MAN, 8. Pendevig, pensevic, penzivik, 
pednzhivig, w. ; penzhivik, pendeflg, p. 

CHIEF PEOPLE, s. Pennow ties, w. ; guelheven, k. 
2797 ; guelhevyn. m. 2929. Ovelhevgn an ptp, 
chiefs of the country, x. 2929. 

CHIEFLY, adv. Forth, p. 

CHILD, s. Fid, fldh, hl6, hloh, w. An hid na, that 
child. A^n hldh, of the child, w. ; fl6ch, flogh, p. ; 
floghe, c.w. 1280.; mab, maw, w. ; beam, p.; 
gmffler, d. 

A LITTLE CHILD. Floch byan, w. ; flehessig, fle- 
bessi, p. ; flechet, b. ; meppig, baban, maban. 

A RESTLESS CHILD. Ruxler, wroxler, d. 

kenack, d. 

CHILDBED, 8. (In chUdbed). Goloyas, w,; Bsnen 
in go/ova9f a woman in childbed. 

CHILDISHNESS, s. Yowynkneth, p.c. 484. Fn 
yowynhneth mUr netye, utter in very childishness^ 
p.c 434. 

CHILDLESS, aty. Anvab, w. 

CHILDREN, s. Cosgor, cpsgar. Gen koegar, our 
children, w. Fleches, flechys, flehes, flehys, flechet, 
w. ; flehas, n. ; flehesou, flehezou, flehez, fleghys, 
flogholeth, flogheleth, p. ; fledgiow, b. ; fleghas, P.O. 
1924 ; floghe, c.w. 900. 

LITTLE CHILDREN. Flehesyggow, flehysygow, 
w. ; flehyggyov, m. 1516. 

CHILL, CHILLINESS, e. Anwos, w.; anwous, p.c. 

CHILL, CHILLING, adf. Jein, p. ; j6n, b. ; yto, 
p. ; ejUy w. 

CHIMERA, «. Tarofan, tarosfon, w. ; tamytuan, p. ; 
tamatuan, b. 

CHIMNEY, 8. Shimbia, w. ; tshimbk, p. 

CHIN, *. GAn, w. ; gene, b. ; elgeht, w. ; elgent, p. ; 
grydh, b. 

CHIP, 8. Sobman, scobnun, b. A little ehip. Sobman 
vian, scobman yian, b. 


CHIRP, V. (As a bird). Scloqua, b. 

CHIVE, *. Cinin, w. ; kinin, p. ; cenin. w. 

CHOICE, 8. (Selection). Thewsys, b. ; theusys, p. 

CHOIR, «. Coer, carol, w. ; karol, p. 

CHOKE, V. Megi, w. ; megy, p. ; taga, w. ; tagou, 
B. ; tage, p.c. 1528. ; devidhy, w. 

CHOKED, part. Teg^s, w. ; tegez, p. ; teghez, b. ; 
tegys, p. 

HE WILL CHOKE. Meec, tAc, 3 pers. s. fut. of 
megiBsudi taga. 

CHOKING, A CHOKING, e. Ardac, t4g, w. ; tage, p. 

CHOKE-SHEEP, t. (A term of contempt for a mean 
fellow). Deveeder, b. 

CHOOSE, r. Diwys, dywys, dewesy, w. ; dewys, p. ; 
dethewy, b. ; cuntel, w. ; kyntQ, p. ; guntel, w. 

CHOSEN, part. Deuesys, b. ; dewesys, w. ; dethe- 
wys, B. 

CHOP, V. Treh6, b. 

CHOUGH, 8. Palores, tshauha, b. 

CHRIST, 8. Grest, Grist, b. ; Oryst, m. 582. 

CHRISTENING, 8. Bedidhians, w. ; bedzhidian, p. ; 

bedzhidia, b. 
CHRISTIAN, 8. Cristyon, crystyon, w. ; crystyen, 

x. 1827. 

Digitized by 





CHRISTIANS, #. Cristenyon, cristonnion, w. ; crjB- 
tunnyon, crystenyon, w. ; crustunyon, m. 539 ; kris- 
tonion, krestudniao, b. ; grystonnyon, jud. 1544; 
crystynnyon, e.d. l/>83 ; kristionnion, p. 

CHRISTMAS DAY, «. Deu nedelic, deu nadelic, w. ; 
deu nadelik, p. 

CHURCH, «. Eglos, egles, eglifl, w. ; egliz, p. ; eglys, 
Ian, teropel, w. 

CHURCH- r A RD, *. Corhlan, w. ; korhlan, b. ; cor- 
lan, gorlan, w. 

CHURL, s. A gdg, B. 

CHURLISH, a^\ Qocy, w. ; goky, p. ; wocy, w. ; 
woky, B. 

CIDER, $. Sicer, w. 

CIRCLE, t. Ros, w. ; r6z, p ; tro, w. ; cl68, p. ; 
bondhat, w. ; vyrongen, p.c. 1007. Kychtmgh ef yn 
tyrongen, ye catch him in a circle, p.c. 1007. 

CIRCULAR, adj. Cren, w. ; kren, kern, p. 

CIRCUMSPECT, adj. Fin, w. 

CITADEL, «. Guarth, b. 

CITY, #. Caer, cAr, w. ; kaer, p. ; dinas, w. ; dinaz, 
p. ; drey, b. 

CLAD, parL Gneskys, b. Poorly olad^ femoyth, fer- 
neth, B. 

CLAIM, i, Clem. p. ; chalyng, m. 2371. TyUl na 
chalyng dyhlans^ title and claim distinctly, m. 2371. 

CLAMOUR, *. Cri, cry, crei, krei, gre, gry, tros, 
troz, w. 

CLAP, #. (As a thunder-clap). Crac. w. ; crak, b.d. 
294. Erak taran, a clap of thunder, r.i)» 294. 

CLAPPER, *. (Of a bell). CHcket, b. 

CLARION, *. ToUkom, b. This is also used for a 
flute, or flfe. Lit, it means a holed horn. 

CLASP, «. (Fastening, as of a buckle, &c). Broche, 
streig, p. 

CLAW, t^. Scriyinas, w. ; 8kriyina8,B. 

CLAW, #. ( ? ). Raving elaws or natU, Ewinog, w. 
Perhaps ewin or juin for claw, as also for nail, q. v. 

CLAY, s. Pri, pry, w. ; pryi, b. ; bry, vry, pol, bol, 
bowl, w. A hoi hag a lyysformyt, made of clay and 
mire, o.m. 1070. 

CLAY-PIT, t. Polpry, w. 

CLAYEY-GROUND, «. Prian, w. Among the miners 
a clayey lode is commonly called a ** prian lode." 

CLAY-SLATE, or SCHIST, $. Killas, n. This word 
is still in constant use, 

CLEAN, adf, PAr, w ; dinam, b. ; elyn, ylyn, w. 
Tn nep plath tek ha ylyn^ in some fair and clean place 
0.M 2080 ; gldn, w. ; glane, p. ; guMn, wl&n, lAn, 
w. ; glannith, p. Dhi oto tdn pycher dour gldn, a 
man carrying a pitcher of dean water, p.c. 629. 

CLEANLINESS, t. Glannithder, w.; glanithder, 
glannuthder, p. ; glendury, lendury, w. 

CLEANLY, adv. En lannith, w. 

CLEANSE or CLEAN, v. Glanhy. To eUaiuo on^$ 
stlf\ Omlana, w. 

CLEAR, ». Carthu, p. 

CLEAR, adj. (Evident). Uredy, p. 

CLEAR, adj. (Open). Lawn, w. ; Ian, m. 3715. 
Forth Ian, a clear way, m. 3715 ; gare, p. 

CLEAR, adj (Bright). Splin, spl&dn, w. ; spl^ pJ 
t^, t^k, w. ; teek, ih^k, teage, p. ; t^g, w. ; terery, 
deverye, p. 

CLEAR, adf. (Serene). Cuzal, p. 

CLEAR, ad^. (Clean, transparent). Cleyr, d^, glAn, 
wlin, w. An dewes yv da ha eler^ the drink is good 
and clear, o.k. 1918. 

CLEARLY, adv. Apcrt, p.c. 1410; fas, yn fas, b. ; 
dyowgel. o.h. 1369. Lauar thy^mmo dyowgel, speak 
to me clearly, o.m. 1 369 ; scyle, p. ; dibblance, c.w. 
1839; thibblans, thybblance, c.w. 1985, 1932. 

CLEARNESS, *. (Fairness, beauty). Teeter, tek- 
ter, w. 

CLEARNESS, #. (Brightness). Splander, w. ; splan- 
dor, p. 

CLEAVE, V. (Or split). Fallia, feldzha, w. ; fellia, p. 

CLEAVE, V. (To cleave to). Gleny, glene, glyn^ 
w. ; glenys, glenaz, p. 

CLEFT, *. (Or gap). Rigol, b. 

CLERK or CLERGYMAN, ». Cloirec, w. ; cloireg, p.; 
m&b lyen, w. Mdb lyen is, literally, the son of 
linen. Perhaps from the surplice, 

CLERKLINESS, t. Clergy, h. 1378; SHr in cUrgy, 
surely in clerkliness, m. 1378. 

CLEVER, adj. Fiir, fir, feer, fyr, sotel, w. 

CLIENT, 9. Undamsi, d^n cosgor, w. ; d^ncoskor, b. 

CLIENTS, *. Cosgor, kosgar, d^n cosgor, w. 

A LITTLE CLIENT. Caidwanid, p. 

CLIFF, *. Als, w. ; aules, owels, aul, owel, voel, b.; 
ledr, ledra, lam ledra, w. 

A HIGH CLIFF. Alsa, p. 

A CLIFF-LIKE ROCK. Clegar, oleghar, digga, 
clicker, w. 

CLIFF CAVE. Ogo, goog. See CAVE and DEN. 

CLIFFS, 9. Camsow, uaufPow, b. 

CLIMB, V. Grambla, dho grambla, w. 

CLING, TO CLING TO, v. Glen*, gleny, glyn6, w.; 
glenys, glenaz, p. 

CLIP or SHEAR, v. Cynivias, w. ; kynivias, p. 
CLOAK, 9. (The garment). H^c, hAk, h{igk, d6c, 
gloc, cop, w. ; nanyl, p. Ra n$p nm geffo namyL 

Digitized by 





and he who now hath a doak, p. ; scoidlien, 
igathlien. b. ; mantel, w. ; vantel, x. 1186; Tkf 
vanUl gd» yn gag$^ leave thy cloak in pledge, x. 
1186 ; l^n, w. ; QaerU dym ur yurU y I4n, keep for 
me, Sir Earl, his cloak, x. 4536 ; ulair, w. 

CLOCK, $. Clechic, b. 

CLOD, s. (Or hit of turf). Kezan, p. Of earth, 

Tuhban, n. The Cornish call a clod or bit of turf a 


CLOISTER, $. Claustr, p. 

CLOSE, adf. (Near). Liaz, b. 

CLOSE OE SHUT, v. Teen, d. 

CLOSE, CONFINED, adf. Hardh, harth, p. 

CLOSED, part. Deges, dyges, w. 

CLOSELY, adv. Hardlych, w. 

CLOSURE, $. (Joining, seam). Enniou, w. 

CLOT-BUR, HOG'S HERB, $. 8erch6g, W8serch6c, 
1^8-eii-h6c, w. 

CLOTH, $. Pin. {PI. Pannow, a.D. 1609;) p4dn, 
w. ; pad, B. 

CLOTH, t. (A cloth), Gu^th, p.; gw^th, cw^th, 
qu^th, w. Ouartha a^n gorhyl gana quSth, the top of 
&e ark with a cloth, o.x. 1074. 

CLOTHS, $. Lysten, o.x. 808. 

CLOTHES, $. (Or clothing). Dillas, w. ; dillaz, p. ; 
delles, X. 1674; dyllas, dhyllas, w. ; thiUas, b. ; 
dillat, dillad, dilla^, w. ; diladzhaz, dilladzhaz, 
delag6n, p. ; guise, guisk, guest, b. ; gvest, o.x. 36. 
Bdgfaui gveat ha gottotter, for want of clothing and 
shelter, o,x. 36 ; gw^th, gueth, kueth, kuethiou, b. 

CLOTHE, V. Gwiscy, gwisce, gwesca, gwesga, w. ; 
guesga, p. ; guesky, b. ; wiscy, wysce, w. ; wyska, 
c w. 1585 ; quetha, c.w. 978. 


CLOUD, $. Couat, b. ; ehron, uihren, huihren, w. ; 
nuihren, p. ; gorthuer, goruer, w. A little cloud. 
Niul, w. ; niull, b. 

CLOUDY, ath'. Comolec, w. ; comolek, p. ; komolek, 


CLOUT, t. (A cloth or rag). Ciat, w. ; klAt, b. 

CLOVER, s. Quillet, d. 

CLOWN, $. Lorden, w. A rustic or elown, Trevedic, 
p. ; d^n pow. 

CLUB or BLUDGEON, $. F^st, vust, w. ; 6ther, b. ; 
16r vraoz, p. 

CLUMP or CLUSTER, ». Bagas, w. 

SHOOTS. Luworchguit, p. 

COAL, or A COAL, s. Colan, w. ; kolan, p. ; glow, b. 

A LIVE COAL. Colan hew, w. ; kolan heu, p. ; 
reightfin, glow, g^uen, b. 

OOAL-ASHES, i. Glow luiow {or lusew). w. 

COAL-PIT, i. Hw^l glow, w. 

COARSE or GROSS, ad/. BiAs, vriU, w. 


COAT, s. Pows, w. ; po-FOs, b. ; hows, fows, w. ; pais, 
peid, pidde, kota, b. ; cota, w« 

COB or CLOB, #. Tryan, ( ? pryan) b. This is a 
mixture of coarse clayey earth and straw for build- 
ing cob walls. 

COBBLER, 8. Cereor, w. ; chereor, b. ; cherior, p. 

COBBLER'S AWL, s. Benewes, w. ; beneuez, p. 

COCK, s. (Male bird). Celioc, colyek, w. ; chelioc, 
kelliog, p.; kelioc, b.; cullyec, kullyek, kuUog, 
kuliak, kulliag, w. 

COCK'S COMB, i. Criban kuHog, w. 

COCKLE, *. Cyligi. w. ; kyHgi, p. 

COCKLE-SHELLS, s. Kylighi, b. 

COD-FISH, *. Barfus, barvas, w. PL Barfusy, p.; 
towrag, D. A corruption of dour, water, and hoch 
a hog, Lit. Water-hog. 


COD'S HEAD, $. Pedn barvas, pedn barfus, p; pedn 
borbas, n. 

COERCE, V. Pela, c.w. U48. 


COFFIN, 8. Gteler, w. Yn geler horn gorryg dovn, in 

a coffin of iron put deep, b.i). 2320; logel, logell, 

logol, w. 

godhfos. In construction it changes into wodhvoe, w. 

COIN, #. Bath, B. A coin of small value, Sciit, b. 
The word scHt is still med, ** I hav'nt a scute left." 

COINER, $. Bathor, w. ; bather, b. 

COLD, adf. Join, p. ; j^n, b. ; yto, p. , yein, w. 
yeyn, m. 3042; yne, m. 1145; yeyne, c.w. 1262 
eyn, ewen, p. Chiyls ha yne, wild and cold, m. 1145; 
nou, B. 

COLD, s. Wds, B. ; anwds, annez, (a corruption of 
anwos) w. ; anwyd, b 

A COLD. Anwds, w. 

A GREAT COLD. Yeinder, p. 

yeinder, yonder, w. 

COLD, TO BE COLD. Riua, b. 


Stervys, steyys. 

COLD, s. (A cold in the head). Pas, pas, pawse, d. 
COLD WEATHER, Yein kuer, p. 

COLEWORT, *. Magdulans, ungle, b. ; caul, caol, 
cowl, cawl, w. 

Digitized by 





COLLAR s. Gwiden. w. 
COLLATE, V. Cetgorra, getgorra, w. 

COLLEAGUE, «. Coweth, cowyth. cywedh, w. ; 
kywedh, p. ; kyuedh, b. ; cywedhiad, w. ; kywed- 
hiad, p. ; kyvadhas, b. 

COLLECT, V. Cuntel. gunteU, w. ; kyntl, b. Mf a 
ffuntel, I will collect, (or gather) w. 

COLLECT TOGETHER, v. Cronny, w. 

Cnntell, contell, ountellet, onntellyaiis, contellyans, 
w. ; cuntillyans, p. 

COLLEGE, «. Colgy, k. 2699. ffa the oU tigy$ eolgyy 
and to all your college, h. 2699. 

COLOUR. V. Liue. w. 

COLOUR, A COLOUR, #. liu, lyw, w. 

OF ONE COLOUR. Unlin, w. ; ynliu, b- 

COLT, B. Ebol. ebel, ebal, w. ; eball, c w. 2889 ; 
marh-bian, p. 

COLTSFOOT, 9. (Herb). Tr^^s ebal, trAz ebal, w. 

COMATOSE, a(^/. (?) Aeomaiofteman. Cuscadur, p. 

COMB, *. Crib, criban, b. 


COMB, «. (Of a bird). Cr!b, grtb, greab, w. 

COMB, V. Criba, kriba, kribia, kribaz, p. ; oribia, w. 

COME, r. Dds, w. ; d6z, p. ; dhds, doys, d(^8, tie, w. ; 
thds, those, p. ; due, donee. dcTds. dyvoz, tevos, w. ; 
teffy, thyflpy, dhyllif, thyllif, thellyf, p. ; devonis, 
tevones. w. ; dynythy, venytha, vynytha, vinaa, p. ; 
m6s, m6z, mouas, garras, b. 

COME THOU. D68, diis. dhiis, dues, dAs, w. ; dees, 
p. ; dts, dys, w. ; d^z, d(^n, p. ; deugh, b. ; diau, p. 

COME YE. Deucb, deuh, deu, w. ; deue, p. ; diou, 
w. ; deug, w. ; deugh, deuus, deen, douay, p. 

COME. ARRIVED, part Dues, d^s, w. ; dAs, b. ; 
devedys, p. ; devedhys. b. ; devethys, p. ; dyvythys, 
B. ; dynythys. w. 

COME. Jeffo, p. 

COME. Venous, b. 

COME HOME. (Arrived). Devedhez dre, p. 

COME HITHER. Dowethy, p. 

COME FORTH. Drevethys, b. 

COME WITH ME. Deugh genef ve, p. 

COME INTO THE HOUSE. Diau tshyi, p. 

COME AWaY. Dun yn kergh, p. 

I COME. Ezhov, b. 

IT COMES. Due, w. 

THOU COMEST. Dhivo, b. ; dueth, duth, k. 

THEY COME. Tyffonz, b. ; dethons, desons, ir. 

I CAME. Duyth, dueyth, w. 


THOU CAME8T. Duthys, dues, k. 

HE CAME. Duth, dueth, ir. 

YE CAME. Dutheugh, ir. 

SINCE I CAME. Aban duthe, ir. 

COME THOU. Dus, dues, k. 

LET HIM COME. Does, w. 

I^T U8 COME. IMUi, deun, dewn, d^n, w. 

LET THEM COME. Dens, doens, w. 

THAT IT MAY COME. Dogha, ir. 

THAT THEY COME. May tyffonz, p. 

HE MAY COME. Teffo, a mutation of 
s. eubj. of irr. y. dd$y to come. Written also 

YE MAY COME. Dyffouoh. Also iffoueh, a muts- 
tion of dyffouch, 8 pers, s. subj. of iir. y. 46$^ td 
come, w. 

THEY MAY COME. Deffons, dyffons. Also^^^, 
and tf/ffon$, the mutations of deffom^ and dyijfom^ 8 
pers. pi. subj. of irr. Y.'ddi, to come, w. 

HE HAD COME. D6thy6, dh6thy6, dethy6, w. 

THEY HAD COME. Ddthyans, w. 

I SHALL OR WILL COME. D&f, dhof, tof, a 
mutation of ddf, to come, w. ; thaffe, thaf , p. 

dhueth, and Mth, a mutation of diUhf w. 

HE SHALL OR WILL COME. IMin, down, w.; 
dan, B. ; de, te, due, dhue, djft, deffo, tuf6, w. ; 8 
pers. s. f ut. of irr. y. ddi, to come, w. 

WE SHALL OR WILL COME. Deflyn, w. ; down, b. 

YE SHALL OR WILL COME. Deuch, dewoh, 
dhewch, w. ; douh, b. 

THEY SHALL OR WILL COBiE. D6ns, w. ; d6nz, 

B. ; t^ns, w. 


to, w. 
TO COME HOME. Maoz dhan dre, p. 
TO COME TO. Deffyny, p. 

TO COME DOWN, v. Descyn. deiscyn, w. ; deiskyn, 
p. ; dyeskenne, dyescenn*, dye^cynn*, dyscynne, 
discynna, w. ; diskynn*, p. 

COME DOWN, part. Diskynnys, diwennys, w. 

TO COME TO LIFE AGAIN, ». Dasvew^, dhas- 
yew*. w. 

TO COME TO SHORE, v. Teera, tira, w. 

COMEDY, 8, Racca, w. ; antarlick, b. 

COMELINESS, $. C4rder, caiider, w. ; teeter, tek- 
ter, B. 

COMELY, o^'. D6k, d^g, w. ; eyall, cirder, p. 

Digitized by 





COMET. *. Sterran leski, w. 

COMFORT, V. Lowenhe, lowenny, w. ; gomforty^, b« 

COMFREY, *. (The herb). Boreles, w. 

COM MA NX), V. Gorhemmyna, gorhemmena, w. ; goF- 
hemmenus, gworhemmen, gorhcmen, gormenna, gor- 
menus, gurhemyne, gurchemmyny, p. ; gorchymmia, 
B. ; arcba, w. ; arka, p. ; arha, hyrch, b. ; herghy, 
yrghy, yrbyr, f jthy, p. ; rygthe, w. ; thynaighy, 
thynberghy, p. 

COMMANDED, part. Trcbjs, yrbysj gorbemmynys, 
&c., w. 

HE COMMANDED. Hyrcbys, yrchys, 3 pers s. pre- 
terite of arehOy w. 

THOU HAST COMMANDED. Yrcbsys, 2 pers. s. 
preterite of archa^ w. 

HE HAD COMMANDED Archse, arse, w. 

erch, 3 pers. s. fut. of archay w. ; worbemmyn, a 
matation of gorhemmyn, 3 pers. s. fut. of gorhem- 
myna, to command, w. 

COMMAND or COMMANDMENT, «. Gorbemmyn, 
w. ; gurbemmyn, p ; guorbemmyn, b. ; gurbemin, 
p. ; gorbemmynnud, gworbemmynias, gurchmennis, 
gorcbymmyn, gorcbemmyn. w. ; gorwmyn, b ;gorib- 
myn, w. ; gormen, gormenna, b. ; gormenad, w. ; 
giin, B. An deag grdn deu, the ten commandments 
of God. Grdn is a contraction of gormen or g^mutnna. 
b. Tho following are mutations, vt% ; worbemmynnad, 
a mutation of gorhemmynnady w. ; worcbymmyn. 
p., a mutation of gorchymmyn ; uorbemmyn, wor- 
bemmyn, p. , mutations of gorhemmyn. These are 
specimens of the plurals, viz ; gorhemmynadow, wor- 
hemmynadow, w. ; gurbemmynadow, worrymadow, 
p, ; guraminadou, b. In the '* Ordinate de origine 
mundiy "lines 353 and 2414, it is written worhenmyn, 
a command. The following terms are also found for 
command or commandment, viz. Arcbad, arbad, w. ; 
arbas, argbas. argh, yrghy s, void, p. ; voider, dan- 
vonad, w. PL Aradow, arhadow, danvonadow, w. ; 
arbadou, argbadou. p. &c. 

COMMENCE, V, Dalletb, dallath, dhaUath, dallethy, 

talletb. w. 
COMMENCING, part. Ow taUeth, w. 

COMMENCEMENT, $. Dalletb, dballetb, dallath, 
dallatbfas, dhallatbfas, dallathvas, w. ; tballatheas, p, 

COMMEND, V. Eys\ e, w. ; eysya, p. ; commena, cem- 
yny, w. ; kemynna, m. 603 ; cymmyny, p. ; gemyn, 
gymyn, b. 

myn, the mutations of cemyn and cymmyn, 3 pers. s. 
fut. of cemynny and cymmyny y to commend, w. 

COMMENDATION, «. Gormola, w. 
COMMODITY, *. (Ware). Waroe, p. 

COMMON or DOWN. «. G6n, goon, gw6n, gwen, giin, 
woon, oon, ros. w. ; bounder, vounder, p. 

COMMON or JOINT, adj. C^s, k^s, kys. w. 
COMMON, adj. Sc&cb. Scdehfdr, the common way, b. 

COMMON PEOPLE. 4. C^tb. ktth, kethe, w. ; tuo- 
gu, b ; tiogou, w. ; pobel tiogou, w. ; pobel tuo- 
gu, lu, mej^ganu, mogyon, b. 

COMMON PERSON, «. Gwis, guAs, w. ; guaz. b. 

COM.MONALITY, s. (The mob, the vulgar). See 

COMMUNION, i. (Ft-llowship). Cowetbyans, w. 

COMPANION, 8. (Mate, friend). Coweth, cowyth, 
w. ; goweth, c.w. ; gowyth. cywedb. w. ; kyuedb, 
B. ; cydbman, w. ; kydhman. kyvadbas, b. ; cywed- 
hiad, cothman, gothman, h6thman Ow fdthmany my 
companion, w. ; palfat, s6s, b. ; tyrguas, p. ; cb^t, 
cele, gele, gile, gyle, w. 

COMPANION, s. (Female). Cowetbes, boweth^s, 

w. Ihiee ov howetkS$ era, come my companion Eve, 

0.11. 652. 
COMPANIONSHIP, #. Cowetbas, c.w. 3c3; gowet- 

has, H. 4256. Kynfo tik an gowetha%y though fair be 

the companionship, m. -i256. 
COMPANY, SOCIKTY, e. Cowetbas; cowethe, w. ; 

gowetbas, b. ; herwydb, w, ; tyrguas, p 

COMPANY, 9. (Assemblage). Byddin, liaz, lias, 
chetua, b. ; cetva, chetva, w. ; chettys, p c. 3042. 
p.c. 3042. Rag a thylyrf an chetty^y and liberate 
the company, p.c. : 042. Cetva is more' correctly 
the place of assembly, w. 

COMPARE, V. Cetgorra, getgorra, w, 

COMPASSION, *. Trueth, treweth, triwath, w. ; 
triuath, b. ; truath, p. ; truez, b. ; tregereth, 
dregeretb. yttem, ynten, w. ; pyteth. pyt6, byte, 
vyte. Tv da ha mUr the bytSy is good, and great thy 
compassion, o.h. 1854. 

COMPASSIONATE, adj. Triwardbec, triaudek, p. 

COMPATRIOT, e. Tyrguas. 

COMPEL, V. Aderbyny, drynya, p. ; constrjrne, p.c. 

COMPLAIN, V, Pl^ntye, w. ; pleyntye, b. 

COMPLAINT, jr. C^n, k^n, ch^n. w. Rdg ny fydh 
kin dhe perthy^ for there will be no complaint to bear 
it, o.M. 2208 ; crotbval, w The wruthyl erothval na 
sofiy to make a complaint nor a sound, o.h. 1836; 
dr^m, w. ; gr^f, w. Thege hep grSf, the tenth, 
without complaint, o.M. 497 ; wb^r, w. ; whear, w^r, 
p. ; cliin, p. (?) Pdi re deuUeugh agae clUny but 
cast off your complaint. 

COMPLAISANT, adj. Cooth, w. ; avlethis, p. 

COMPLETE, adj. Cowal, w. ; coual, p. ; conl, w, ; 
coule, p. ; gowal, metben, playn, w. ; playne, p. ; 
perfeth, peifeyth, pyrfyth, w. 

Digitized by 





COMPLETELY, adv. Cowel, m. 3383. An turant a 
vyn cowal, the tyrant will completely, m. 3383. 

COMPLEXION, «. (Hue). Lyw, b. 


CONCEAL, V, Celes, keles, cudhe, w. ; kuthe, cutha, 
kitha, p. ; githa, w. 

cudhygik, w. ; cuthyguk, p. 

CONCEALMENT, *. Danva, w. 

CONCEALMENTS, «. Wrunch, p. 

CONCEIT, FANCY or NOTION, ». Vang, d. 

CONCEITED, FORWARD, adj.. Prall, d. 

CONCEIVE, V. (To be conceived, to conceive). 
Hundham, w. ; humthan, b. ; ymdhoyn, b. 


CONCERN, s. (Anxiety). Diir, duer, dour, d^r, 
b^rn, beam, v^m, w. 

CONCERNING or OF ME. Wothaf me, p.; 
wovente, b. 

IT CONCERNS. Amount, w.; amount, p.;d{ir, 
duer, d^r, dawr, w. 

CONCERT, «. Carol, w. ; karol. p. 

CONCLUSION, i. Diw^dh,* dywMh, duoMh, 
dhewedh, w. ; dew^th, dhew^th, thew6th, p. ; 
tyw^dh, diwedva, dywedhva, duwedhva, dowedh- 
yans, gorfen, w. 

CONCLUSION, *. (An extremity, end). Pen, pedn, w. 

CONCORD. «. (Unity). Cesoleth, kesoleth, cysolath, 
oyzaleth, w. ; k} zauleth, kyzalath, b. 

CONCORD, *. (Agreement). Cesenyans, w. ; kesen- 
yanz, b. ; gorholeth, w. 

CONCUBINE, *. Gwadngyrti, w. 

CONDEMN, V. Daropnys, thamnys, b. 

CONDEMNED, part. Skymys. From ilcmyna, to 
curse, p. 

CONDITION, 9. (State). Le, b. ; ch^, p. Em 
w4k gveUa th$ chir, sweet Eve, to better thy condition, 
O.U. 166. 

CONDUCT, V. Hombroncy, hembryncy, hebrency w. 

CONEY, s. Cynin, w. ; kynin, kyningen, p. ; 
cyningen, w. 

CONFKDERATE, v. Gustle, p. 

CONFEDERATE, $. Confethys, p. 

CONFIDE, V. Pydhy*, w. ; fythy, p. 


CONFINED, CLOSE, a(&*. Hardh, harth, p. 



CONFLICT, t. C&8,gft8, cftd,w. 

CONFLUENCE, «. (Of waters). Aber, w. 

CONFUSION! Exelam. Gode. An imprecation, thus, 
Oude thous reHh vo, confusion be to thee, w. 

CONGER, 8. Sleane, b. ; zillidouryr, PI. Syllyas, 
B. ; »yllye8, o.m. 139. 

CONGER EEL, «. Selya. {PL Selyas,) p. ; zeUi, zilli, 
silly, D. See al80 EEL. 

CONGREGATION, jr. Cuntellet, w. ; cunteUyana, 
cuntillyans, contellyans, p. 

CONJECTURE, v. Kridzhi, b. 

CONJURKR, #. Hwiliog, w. ; huiliog, p.; pellar, d. 

CONJUX, t. Chespar, p. 

CONQUER, V. Fethe, fethy, frethy, w. 

CONQUERED, part. Gwythys, fythys, w. 

CONQUEST, #. Budh, b. 

CONSCIENCE, t. Keskyans, b. ; keskians, keseny- 
aoz, p. 

CONSECRATE, v. Son^, sona, zona, sacra, w. 

CONSECRATED, part. Sans, zanz, p. 

CONSENT, V, Benidnia, rhei an guella, b. 

CONSENT or PERMISSION, i. Cesenyans, w. ;ke8eiL. 
yanz, p. 

CONSIDER, V. Prederi, p. ; predery, predyry, pry- 
dyry, prydery, w. ; prydiry, p.c. 2906 ; ervyr6, yrv- 
yre, madm, w. ; sybbosia, p. ; sypposia, sybottia, b. 

TO Consider of. Thugy, p. 

CONSONANT, A CONSONANT, #, Cessonyis, w. ; 
kessonyis, p. 

CONSPICUOUS, a^\ Hewel, w. ; heuel, b. ; sellic, 
w. ; guydh, p. ; gwydh, gwydd, b. 

CONSTANT, ad;'. Bythol, vythol, w. 

CONSUL, #. Yuri, B. 

CONSULT, V. Cusuly^, cesulye, w. 


CONSULTATION, jr. Bagat, p. 

CONSUME or WASTE, v. Guastia, p. 

CONTEMPT, •• Dafole, scherewetli, p. ; Boherewith, 


CONTEND, V. Emlodh, emladh, emladha, w. ; oiiid« 
hal, p. ; cencia, kennkia, strevye, scomye, Bcom^ 
errya, w. ; gueskal, b. ; scranny, n. 

CONTENDING, /?flr<. Errya, p. 

CONTENTION, «. Str«, stryf, w. 

CONTEST, A CONTEST, m. Breseel, p. ; breaell, bi». 
sel, bresul, bresyl, vresyl, w. 

CONTINUAL, ad/. Bythol, vythol, w. 

CONTINUALLY, adv. Benary, venaiy, bynaiy, tt- 
nary, bisqueth, bisgueth, bythqueth, hjthgwwikf 

Digitized by 





bithgueth, byth. bith, jammes, w. ; jammas, desem- 
pitj kympez, gymp^s, gymps, unary, pub erna, pub 
eure, p. ; stella, bypiir, {hythpup iLr) w. ; pfkrp^r, b. 

CONTRACT, V. (To bargain). Bargidnia, dbo bar- 
gidnia, p. 

CONTltACT, *. Amb68, w. 

CONTRARY, #. (The contrary). Gweyth, p. 

CONTRIVE, V. Tewlel. w. ; teulel, tiulel, p. ; ty wlel, 
w. ; teuly, towlal, towla, toula, dbo douUa, p. ; gaf e, 
gafa, cafos, b. 

CONTRIVER, *. Formyas, formyer, w. ; inguinor, b. 

CONTUMELY, #. Bysroer, vysmer, w. 

CONVENIENCE, #. (A conyenience, opportunity). 
Daffer. PL Dayer, w. 

CONVENTION. *. Cetva, w. ; ketva, chetva, p.; 
cedva, w. ; kedya, b. More correctly the place of 

CONVERT, V, Treyl^, treylye, trylye, w. ; tryl6, p. 

CONVEX, flkjr*. Crum, crom, w. ; krom, kroum, cro- 
bm, B. 

CONVEY, V, Hombroncy, hembryncy, w. ; hembry- 
nky, p. ; hebrency, w. 

CONVICTED, part. Confethys, conyethys, w. 

COOK, *. Cog, w. ; k6g, kftg, b. 

A 8HE-C00E, 9. Kegbin, b. 

COOK-SHOP, *. Tshi c6g, tshyi c6g, w. 

COOK, V, Dyghthy. Dyghthy h69, to cook meat, p. 

COOL, adf. Yeyn, p.c. 1622. Quthyl may /$ the w6a 
yeyn^ that will make thy blood cool, p.c. 1622. See 


COOPER, ». Bynoiar, bynkiar, w. 

COP,*. (Ptuft). Ghi, p. 

COPE, #. C6p, ofergugol, w. 


COPIOUSLY, adv. Dewhans, duwhans, dywhans, 
w. ; dyhuanz, p, 

COPPER, 9. Cober, w. ; kober, b. ; gueidyur, brtat, 
pr^, w. 

CORD. 9. (A cord). Loyan, w. ; louan, p. ; myngar, 

p. ; cord, w. 
CORDS, 9. Cerdyn, kerdyn, w. ; kerdy, b. 

A SMALL CORD. Lovannan, w. 

CORDWAINER, t. Cereor, w. ; kereor, chereor, b. ; 
•herior, p. 

CORK, 9. Spoue, b. 

CORMORANT, t. Saithor, shagga. The name 
commonly naed in Cornwall is 9hag. 

CORFJ, 9. Ys, w. ; yees, c.w. 1189; yz, is, p.; !», 
B. ; yd, hit, gutiiot, guyraf, w. ; maga, b. ; eys, 
o.M. 1058; PI. Esow, w. ; esowe, c.w. 1130. 

STANDING CORN. Yd, hit, ys, w. ; ij sayal, b. 

THE BEARD OF CORN. Hile (?) n. 

AN EAR OF CORN. Pen ys, w. 


BREAD CORN. Ys bara, w. 


ALL MANNER OF CORN. Eys. Qorre hag eye 
kemyskye, hay and com mixed, o.M. 1058. 

THE CORN FEAST. Guledh-iz, b. This name 
of the corn-feast is still in use in Cornwall. 

CORN-DEALER, #. Bagur, n. 

CORN-SMUT, 9. Lose, losk, w. ; colibran, colbran n. 

CORN-STRAW, 9. Culin, w. ; kulin, b. ; usion, p., 
but this is properly chaff. 

CORNER, 9. (Ot nook). Cor, com, comat, comel, 
comal, w. ; komal, p. ; som, w. Yn nep hde tewl 
py yn eom^ in some bush, hole, or in a comer, 
&.D. 539. 

A LITTLE CORNER. Dinyan, n. 

A CORNER FOR WOOD. Huccaner, n. 

CORNER or ANGLE, 9. Elin, elyn, b. 

CORMSH, adj. Cemewec, Kemuak, w. 

CORNISH, 9. (The language). Tayaseth Kemuak, w. 
tayazeth Kemuak, p. 

CORNWALL, #. Cemow, Kemow, Kemou, b. 

CORONET, *. Corun, p. ; koron, b. 

CORPOR.\.TION, 9. (Of a borough). Trefraint, b. 

CORPSE, t. Corf, corfe, horf, horfe, b. ; corf maro, 
p. ; Pi. Corfow, marows corfows, p. 

CORRECT, V. Ewna, owna, w. ; ouna, p. ; cara, w. 
gwella, guella, b« 

enfugy, w. 

CORRUPT or BRIBE, v. Halogu, b. 

CORRUPTED, part. Fellet, w. 


CORRUPTION,* Harlutry, w. Orth harhtUy preet 
pub prey 9, from corruption always, c.w. 91. 

COSTLY, adf. K^r, b. 

COTTAGE, 9. Boeca, b6thoc, w. ; bothog, p. ; b6tli, 
w. ; hayodty, b. ; oyergugol, p. 

COTTAGER, t. Treyedic, b. 

COUCH, V. Plattya, w. Ue a wil un I6dn piUr vrde 
hanye in btuh owpkUtya, I see a yery great buUook 
from thee in the bush couching, o.w. 1 12. 

Digitized by 





COUCH, ». Gwely, gueli, w. 

COUGH. », P&s, pILz, w. In Cornwall they call a 
bad cold in the head a pawse. 

COULD, MIGHT. Callo, calle, yennyn, wolas, wo- 
the, B. 

I COULD. Kaldzha, kaldzha vi, p. 

THOU COULDST. Culste. Mar euUU, if tkou 
couldst, a mutation of guhUy for gakU, 2 pers. 8. 
subj. of gaily, to be able, w. 

HE COULD. Callo, a mutation of gallo, 3 pers. s. 
Bubj. of gaily y to be able. YUa, b. 

COULTER, s, (Of a plough). Colter, culter, w. ; 
koultyr, ^rohar, p. ; troher, b. 

COUNCIL, 8. Bagat, p. 

COUNSEL, V, Cusulye, cusylly^, w. In $e6n rdk y 
cuiyUye.soon to counsel her, p.c. 1930 ; gusulye, w. ; 
gesul, p. ; husulye, husuUye, cossyllya, c.w. 670 ; 
daryvas, dharyvas, p. 

.COUNSEL, *. Cusul, w. ; cusyl, p. ; kusyl, p.c. 472 ; 
cusyll, B. ; kyssyl, p. ; cyssyl, w. ; kyssel, b. ; gusul, 
w. ; gusyl, o.M. 1828. Edg the gusyl yv pikr iha, for 
thy counsel is very good, o.M. 1828 ; husul, w. ; 
husyll, c.w. 667. PL Kysylgou, p. 

COUNSELLOR, ». Cusulioder, cyssylier, w. ; kyssy- 
lier, p. ; conseler, o.M. 1566. Conseler gentyl yHh 
py^af, gentle counsellor, I pray thee, o.m. 1566. 

COUNT, 8. (A noble). Yuri, b. 

COUNT, V, Nivera, nevera, w. 

COUNTENANCE, ». (Face). Enep, enap, envoch, 
w. ; eineach, b. ; f eth, f4th, fyth, w. ; fis, p. ; 
fysmant, vysmant, w. ; ttein, p. 

COUNTENA N^CE, ». (Air, aspect, look). Ly w, p. 

COUNTERFEIT, v. Plose, plosi, p. 

COUNTERPANE, *. Golo ar gueli, p. 

COUNTRY, 8, (Region, land, province). Pow, k.d 
1 1)5; powe, c.w. 1219; pou. p.; gwldd, w. ; 
guldd, B. ; gulit, gwlds, w. ; glis, bd 1171; 
gluaes, M. 2782 ; wlis, o.M. 343 ; wlays, m. 927 ; 
ul4s, p. ; terros, terms, w. ; terras, p. ; teroge, w. ; 
den us, o.m. 554 ; tiieth, w. ; tyreth, b.d. 346 ; 
tyreyth, dyreyth, w. ; ruivanedh, p ; (?) Airo yn 
pot^, about in the country, k.d. 1135. Thywortheugh 
my a thu^m gids, from you I go to my country, b.d. 
1171. Dynerugh arlythy an gluaes, greet ye the 
lords of the country, m. 2782. Adam he yn mi8 
a^n wlds, Adam, go out of the country, o.m. 343. 
Erhyn ov wlays, from thy country, m. 927. 27ie vds 
lemmyn the derrus, to go now to our country, o.m. 
554. Ha gyllya the ken tyreth, and gone to another 
country, r.i). 34 o. pa an ruivanedh f of what 
country art thou ? p. 

COUNTRY or KINGDOM, ». Glascor, wlascor, 
glasgam, w. ; gulasker, b. ; gwlasc, m. 3. 

AN OPEN COUNTRY. M^s, maes, meas, w. 

A LOW FLAT COUNTRY. Pow iaal, w.; poa 
izal, p. 

COUNTRYMAN, *. (A rustic). Trevedic, dAn pow, w. 

w. ; contrevak, p. ; centrevac, cyntrevac, w. ; 
kyntrevak, contrcva, p. 

COUNTY, #. Conteth, m 512 In eonUth gsiwft 
kemov, in a county called Cornwall, m. 512. 

COUPLE, V. (To join). Dzhiunia, dho dzinnia, p. 

COUPLE or PAIR, ». Dew, dhew, dyw, dhyw, w. ; 
See TWO. 

COURAGE, 8. Weior wecor, p. Weeor gwdn, faint 
courage, p. 

COURAGEOUS, adf. Colannac, w. ; kolannak, «.; 
colannak, kalonek, p.; calonec, colanao, cylednao, 
w. ; kalonk, p. ; strik, strie, void. b. 

gweyth, gwyth, w. ; guyth, b. ; w^th, wyth, w. ; 
v^th. p. ; pllg, w. ; bl^k, p. Mil blek, a thousand 
times, p. 

COURSE or WAY, ». Hins. w. ; bans, c.w. 1743. 
Gwyth in han8 eompae tha y^est, keep in a straight 
course to the east, c.w. 1743 ; arrez, b. 

COURSE, 8. (Cursus. Lat.), Redegus, b. 

COURT or HALL, *. L^s, lys. lis, cuer, cur, w.; 
cl6s, p.c. 3234. Agy th^y elds, within his courts 
p.c. 3234. 

COURT, #. (A court of persons). Coer, w. 

COURT, *. (Of justice). L6s, lys, lis, w. 

COURT, 8. (Meeting in some hall). Odians. b. 

COURTEOUS, adj. Triwardhec, w. ; triaudhek, p. ; 
cyweithas, b. ; gortas, p. 

COURTESY, 8, Goyntys, b. 

COUSIN, *. Cir. w. 

COUSIN GERMAN, e. Handeru, w. 

COVENANT, #. Ambos, w. 

COVER r. Cudhe, cuthe, w. ; kuthe, huthe, p. 
cudha, w. ; cutha, p. ; hudha, w. ; hutha, c w. 966 
cidha, w. ; kitha^ quethe, githa, p. ; ' gorhery, w. 
goskesy, p. ; gwarroc, tyldye, ty, w. 

COVERED. Cuthens, p. 

HE COVERED. Quudhas. A form of cikdhas 3 
pers. s. preter. of etulh^, to cover, w. 

THEY COVERED. Quedhens . A form of eudh0n8y 
3 pers. pi. imperf. of cudhi, to cover, w. ; gorgwe- 
thens, B. 


COVER ONE'S SELF. Omgwedhe. w. 

COVERT, A COVERT, *. Gostotter, p.; guakys, 
guscys, w. 

COVERLET, *. Kiulat, b. ; kyulat, p. 

Digitized by 





COVERING, *. Gwisc, guise, w. ; guisk, guesk, p. ; 
gwesk, w. 

COVERTURE, ». Golo, b. 

COVETING, 8. Hirath, hireth, hyreth, b. 

C0VET0USNES8, ». Crefnye, grefnye, w. ; kraf, b. ; 
havaethiaz, p. 

COW, 9, Buch, biuch, w. ; beuk, b. ; Mgh, o.m. 
1185; bewgh, c.w. 403; biAh, w. ; bA, b. ; beuh, 
byuh, w. PL Binh, beugh, b. ; viuh, p. Ma*n 
viuh gen Uauh^ the cow is with calf, p. 

COWAUD, *. Ownec, ownek, w. ; ounek, p. ; cauch- 
wis, w. ; caughw4s, casadow, p. 

COWARDICE, s. Gowardy, o.m. 2161. Ny'm prif 
din wdr gowardy, no man shall prove me of cowar- 
dice, CM. 216. 

COW-DUNG, *• Busl. buzl, w. 

COW-DUNG, ». (Dried and used for fuel). G168, 
aw. 1107 ; gloas, w. ; gl6z, glaua, b. ; glose, glow, 
p. This word is still in use. Ha glose tha leskge, 
and dry dung to bum, p. 

COWER, V, (To cower oyer the fire). Screedle, n. ( ? ) 

COWHOUSE, 8. Boudi, w ; boudzhi, p. ; chall, n. 

COWL, 8. Cugol, w. ; kugol. b. 

CRAB. 8. (The fish). Eankar, b. ; cancer, kanker, 

cancher, p. ; grill, w. PL Cancras, cencras, w. ; 

kenkraz, b. 
CRAB-BOX, 8, Conre, n. t'u.r' 
CRAB OR LOBSTER POT, ». (A floating one). 

Weely, n. 
CRACK, adv. (Suddenly, quickly). Skuat,p,c. 2816. 

Tn morUr skuat the goM, into the mortice crack to 

fall, p.c. 2816. 

CRACK, V, Grachia, w. ; grachya, b. 

CRACKED, part. Gracilis, w, 

CRADLE, #. Lesc, w. ; lesk, p. 

CRAFT OR ART, «. Cr^ft, w. ; kr^, b. 

CRAFT or CUNNING, 8, Dewnos, deunos, w. ; deu- 
uys, deskans, p. 

CRAFTILY, iidv, Feyl, p.c. U. Agan temptyi pikr 
fey I a tcra, us tempt very craftily will, p.c. 1 1 . 

CRAFTY, adj. Feyl. w. ; f^l, p. ; cal, kal, b. ; cud- 
nick, kydnick, p. ; kudnik, b. 

CRAMP, 8, (Of the muscles). G^rabben, gudrabm, 


CRANE, I. (The bird). Gar&n, w. ; grew, p. ; krana, 
B. ; crana, p. ; bidnepein, b. 

CRATE, 8. auit, w. 

CRAWL, V. Gwayah, w. ; gua3ra, b. 

CRAWLING, part (Like a lizard or a toad). Cran- 
agas, w. ; pedrevanas, m. 4218. Wdr lUr ov pedre- 
vanoiy on the ground crawling. See LIZARD. 

CRAYFISH. #. Gaver, n. 

CRAZED, adj. Muscok, v. See HAD. 

A CRAZY PERSON. Bucca gwidden, d. Lit. L 
white ghost. 

CREAM, 8. (Of milk). Dehen, w. 

CREATE, i;. Formye, gwrey, w. ; gurey, gurei, gur- 
elli, p. ; dho gurel, gil, b. 

CREATION, $. Gwreans, gwryrms, wreans, w.. 

CREATOR, 8. Jreador, creator, w. ; credor, p. ; crea- 
der, b. ; formyer, formyas, w. Del 6% formya8 the^n 
nifMn liir, as thou art Creator of heaven and earth, 
B.D. 843 ; gwrear, wrear, w. ; gulwur, p. 

CREATURE, #. Creator, croadur, w. ; creadur, p. 


CREDENCE, #, Crygyans. See BELIEF for many 
forms of this word. 

CREDITABLE, adj\ (Honorus, Lat.) Enir, henir, 
ynir, B. 

CREDITOR, 8. Kendoner, p.c. 502-3. Dev kendoner 
yth ege the vn dettor, there were two creditors to one 
debtor, p.c. 502-3. 

CREDULITY, «. Hygoeled, b. 


CREED, THE CREED, ». Oregyans, credgyans, cred- 
zyans, w. ; kredzhanz, credzhyans, p. ; kredzhans, b. 

CREEK, 8. Gwic, w. ; guik, iok, ik, creeg, p. ; zawn, 
porth, porh, por, b. 

CREEP, V. (To crawl). Gwayah, w. ; guaya, p. ; 
cruppya, w. ; crame, d. 

CREEP, t;. Theek. Dawon yn y gorea theek, sorrow 
into the body of it creep, p. 

CREST, 8. (Summit). Crib, w. ; krib, b. 

CREST, TUFT, or PLUME, ». Criban. w. ; kriban, b. 

CREVICE, 8. (In a lode). Gunnis, n. The old 
vaults or cavities found in a mine are called ** the old 
gunnies,*' n. 

CREW, *. Bagat, b. 

CRICK, 8. (As of the neck). Pinnick, n. 

CRIME, J. Cam, w. ; ken, p. ; drdgober, w. ; dyfout, 
diffout, b. 

CRIMSON, 8. and adf. Ridh, rydh, rAdh, rAd, rAydh, 
rAth, rooz, p. 

CRIPPLED, adf. C16f, cloppec, w. ; cloppek, p. ; kl6f, 
kloppek, B. 

CROAK, V. (Like a raven). Crunk, n, 

CROCKERY, 8. (As tea things, &c.) Daffer. Polwhele. 

CROOK, *. Hig, Ik, w. ; hyc, p. 

CROOKED, adj. Cam, cabm, w. ; kabm, p. ; cham, 
gam, ham, crAm, w. ; krCimi p. ; crdm, w. ; kiom, 
croum, B. ; cromb, crobm, p. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




CROOKED-SHOULDEllED, adj. Camsgudhec, cab- 
msgudhac, w. ; kabm-sghudak, b. 


CROSS, adj. (Fro ward, unjust). Tr^s, w. ; camhin- 
sic, camhilik, p. 

CROSS, adj. (Thwart). Adres, tHiB, w. 

CROSS, A CROSS, «. Crows, w, ; crous, p. ; krouz, 

B. ; grows, w. ; grous, p.c. 2676 ; crois, p. ; krois, b. ; 

crow, crou, p. 

CROSS-BAR, J. Corbie, p. 

CROSS-BEAM, «. Truspren. p. 

CROSS-BOW, «. Albalastr, b. 

CROS^^-ROAD. «. Scochfordh, w. 

CROSS, TO GO ACROSS, v, Trusse, w. 

CROSS OR THWART, v. Omdhal, p. 

CROW, r. Cane, cana, gana, w. ; prania, b. An ku- 
liah a prania, the cock crows, b. ; keny, p.c. 903. 

CROW, 8, (The bird). Brin, vrdn, (P/. Bryny,) w. ; 
marburan, b. See RAVEN. 

CROWD, «, Stevya, w. ; steuya, ruth, p. 

CROWN, V. Cerune, kerune, curune, curuny, corone, 
w. ; curene, n. 

CROWN, 8, (Coronet or diadem). Curun, w. ; curun 
ray, b. ; curyn, w, ; corun, p. ; koron, b. ; curen, k. 
2994 ; kerune, o.M. 2398 ; cyryn, guryn, gyryn, w. ; 
ghyryn, b. 

CROWN OF THE HEAD, «. Divaleuuit, w. ; dipu- 

leuint, p. 
CROWN OF A HILL, ». Crousel, b. 

CROWNED, part. Cerenys, kerenys, cerunys, ker- 
unys, w. 

CROZIER, H. Vagyl, m. 3007. Sen8 the vagyl in the 
leffy hold thy crozier in thy hand m. 3')07. 

CROZIER-BEARER, 8 Crosser, m. 2874 ; crosyer, 
M. o922 ; crocer, p.c. 1456. 

(RUCIFY, f. Crowse, w. ; crouse, o.M. 1937. Bag 
crow8i cryU ov mdp kir, to crucify Christ my dear 
Son, o.M. 1937; crowsye, w. ; crousye, p.c. 2184; 
crewsy, p. ; gunde, w. 2'he gvndi mdb din dejrg, 
to crucify the Son of man, truly, o.M. 1950. 

CRUDE, adj. (Rude or raw). Criv, w. ; kriv, b. 

CRUEL, adj. Garow, w. ; garou, b. ; garo, guariow, 
p. ; wherow, chuero, w. ; khuero, b. ; milen, melen, 
felen, velen, hager. w.; hagar, p. ; brochi, ithek, 
briz, B. 

MOST CRUEL. Haccre, b.d. 2005 ; hakere, e.d. 2071. 

CRUELLY, adv. Calas, p. Funscie y tiU mar calas, 
his people punished so cruelly, o.M. 1482. 

CRUMB, A CRUMB, ». Brewyonen, w. ; brouian, 
B. ; bramb, bram, p. ; froth, b. ; bruyan, buryan. Fl. 
Browsian, w. ; brousian, breyonen, b. 

CRUMPLED, adj. Crum, crom, p. 

CRUSH, V. Crehylly, w. 

CRUSHED, part. Crehyllys, guridnias, b. 

CRUSH or FLATTEN DOWN, v. Squattia, b. ; 
squattya, skuattia, scuattya, sguattia, w. 

CRUST, A CRUST, 8. Creven, crevan, krevan, b. 


CRU6T or SCAB OF A SORE, *. Hud, d, From 

hudha, to cover. 

CRY, CALL, SHOUT, 8. Garm, w. ; carma, galas, 
galow, crei, krei, cri, cry, gri, gry, p. ; lef , w. 

CRY, CALL, SHOUT, v. Helwy, hilwy, hylwy, 
w. ; hylwys, b. ; uUia, w. ; uole, elow, galwy, p.; 
galua, B. ; galu, p.; ylwy, b. ; garme, w. ; garmi, 
p. ; carme, w. ; karme, carma, p. ; cria, creia, crya, 
knha, crye, crio, greia, w. ; greiah, p. ; lefa, w. ; 
gwaeddi, bloeddio, b. 

CRY, WEEF, WAIL, v. Wole, ole,. w, ; olua, 
divere, p. ; gwelvan, guelvan, b. 

CRY, V. (To cry out at one). Harthy, harha, w. 

CRY YE OUT TO. Ynyough, b. 

CRIED OUT. (Shouted). Ynnyas, ylwis. 

HE CRIED. (Shouted). Armas, a mutation of garmoif 
from garmuy to cry out. 2. Qreias, a mutation ol 
creia8f id, qd, criae, from cria, to cry out, 8, Giy^ 
a mutation of cryee, from crya, to shout or cry out. 
4 Ylwys, a mutation of gyltoyi, from gylwely to call, 

THEY CRIED OUT. Hawlsons from helu^, to cry 

out, B. 

HE WILL CRY. Gelow, elow. Illow, is the mat- 
ation of ge/ow, 3 pers. s fut. of gelwel, w. 

CRYSTALLIZED, adj. Drusy, n. See LODE. 

CUBE OR LUMP, ». (As of granite). Kam. C.S. 

CUBIT, 8. Cevelyn, kevelyn, w. ; kevellyn, c.w. 
2200 ; kevellen, c.w, 2262 ; cyvelyn, w. ; kyrelyn, 
p. ; keuelyn, o m. 937 ; gevelyn, w. ; gellon, b. ; 
gelen, gelyn, p ; elin, b, 

CUCKOO, 8. Cog, gog, w.; gogue, gok, p. Ang6g^ 
the cuckoo. 

CUDGEL, 8. (A short one). Sparl, b. 

CUFF OR THUMP, *. Colp, coot, d. See BLOW. 

CULTIVATE, V. Gonedhy, gones, gonys, gonethy, 
con J 8, wonys, w. 


CUNNING, 8. Coyntis, goyntis, dewnos, deunos, dem- 
eans, w. ; deskans, p. ; sleyveth, w. ; gonycke, cw. 

CUNNING, adj. Coynt, w. Otti ha coynt o an guat, 
see how cunning the fellow was, p.c. 1820 ; cal, p. ; 

Digitized by 





kal, B, ; connek) m. 1427 ; cndnick, kydnik^ p. ; fur, 
fir, w. ; fyr, p. ; feer, ttl, w. ; eruryr, eruyer, r. ; 
sl^v, w. ; sotel, p. 

A CUNNING MAN, Dhifil, p.c 1886. 

A CUNNING PELLOW. Gwds, guis, w. ; coDnek, 

K. 1427. 
A CUNNING TRICK. Prat, bratt, w. 

CUP, % Hanaf, haoath, boUa, fiol, celegel, kelegel, 
keroin, b. 

A SMALL CUP. Tos, m. 80. Hence the English 
tot, *' a tot of liquor." 

CUPS OF SACRIFICE. Minne, d. [Foevla dus 

CUP-BEARER, ». Reunniat, p. 

CUPBOARD, #. Logel, logell, logol, w. 

CURDLE, V, Crummy, p. ; crunny, b. 

CURE, t?. (To cure, to be cured). Sawye, w. ; gue- 
rir, p. ; yaghy, u. 1500. 

CURED, part, Yagh, u, 713; yagheys, m. 1500. 
Ila meyv yagh. and I am cured, m. 713. Ny yllogh 
bonis yayheyi, can you be cured ? m. 1 500, 

CURE, *. lag, w. ; yagh, b.d. 1671. Hemma yv iag 
a' n play this is a cure of the plague, p.c. 2817. 

CURLED, part or adj, Cryllias, w. ; krylliaz. b. 
CwrUi haivy bleu cryllias, 

CURLEW, «. Gelvinac, w. ; gelvinak, gylvinak, p. ; 
gylvinac, w. ; golvinak, b. ; golvinac, w. 

CURRY-COMB, ». Streil, b. 

CURSE, V. Scemyna, w. ; skemyna, p. ; omscemyny, 

▼. ; omsceminy, p. ; emscumuny, ymscemyny, w. ; 

ymskemjnay, p. ; mylyge, molletha, moUetlua, moly- 

thia, w ; voleythy, b. 
HE WILL CURSE. Vyllyc, a mutation of myllyc, 3 

pers. B. fut. of mylygi, to curse. 
CURSED. Myleges, meleges, malegas, w. ; mylyge, 

B. ; ethlays, w. ; omskemynes, p. ; soweth, syweth, b. 
CURSE, ». MoUeth, moUath, w. ; molath, p, ; mol- 

loth, w. ; mnlth, b. ; moUat, b.d. 2287 ; vetye, p. ; 

ansueth, thcveth, b. 

CURSES, «. iMollothow, w. ; molothowe, c.w. 1220 ; 
mollathow, w. ; molathow, p. ; volothowe, c.w. 1486. 

CURSING, A CURSING, «. Mollethians, w. 

CURVE, V, Gamma, gamma, w, ; cabmy, p. 

CUSHION, *. Plafoc, plyvog, b. 

CUSTOM, ». Desmos, w. ; vsadow, m. 135, (? H,)\ 
Taner, o.k. 1900, An vaner a vye da, the custom is 
good, O.K. 1900. 

CUSTOMARY, adj\ Arbednec, arbennec, w. 

CUSTOM-HOUSE, «. Tolva, b. 

CUT, V. Trochy, w. ; troghy. p. ; trohy, w. ; trohe, 
trehy, p ; trehi, b. ; terry, terhi, tyrry, torry, w. ; 
toiri, p, ; diehy, w. 

CUT, part. Troch, w. ; trehez, drohas, b. 
CUT OFF, V. Scilly. From hence, says Pryce. Scilly 
Isles, " cut off from the insular continent.'* 

CUT OFF, V. (To cut off mutually). Omladh, em- 

ladh, w. 
CUT ONE'S THROAT, v, Dho litha, p. 

CUT, 9. Ladh, w. ; flaw, b. ; flookan, b. Flookan is 
a miner's term. It means a parcel of ground which 
cuts off one part of a lode from another. 

CUTLER, «, Trehes, trahes. Fl Trehesi, traheai. 
Trahsst metn, stone-cutters, w. 

CUTTING OFF, «. (A cutting off). Mdh, w. 

CUTTLE BONE, ». Taghir, b. (Locally skuttle bone.) 

CUT rLE FISH, s Stifac, w. ; stifak, b. ; stiffak, 
stiphak, p. ; goil, d. 

THE GREAT CUTTLE FISH. PedaUncan, padi- 
lincan, b. 

CYMBAL, 8. Choch-dibi, p. ( ? cloch-dibi). 


This letter in both, radical and secondary. When radi- 
cal it changes in construction into dh, which has the 
soimd of th in the English words, this, than ; as dSn^ 
a man. Dew dhSn, two men. 

In Cornish (and Armoric) d changes into t, as dds, to 
come, ow tds, coming. 

When secondary, dis the soft sound of t, in the Cornish, 
thus, tds, a father, y dds, his father, w.Lex. Com. Brit, 

DAGGER, «. Cl^dha bian, w. Lit. A little sword. 

DAILY, adv. Poynedh, boyn^dh, w. 

DAM?, a(0'. Vady, b. 

DAINTIES, 8. Ferclin, saut, sant, b. 

DAIRY, 8. Laitty, w. 

DAIRY PRODUCE. Whitsul. Such as milk, sour 
milk, cheese, curds, butter and suchlike as come from 
the cow, and ewe, d. 

DAISY, 8. Neonia, w. ; neonin, gajah, b. ; egr dew, w. 

A GARDEN DAISY. Egr dzham, w, 

DALE, 8. Nans, w. ; nance, nantz, p. ; glen, glyn, 
dol, w. ; rosh, b. 

DAM, 8. Bancan, w. ; bankan. p. ; tuban, w. ; tuban 

agger, p. 
A LOW DAM OR RIDGE. Astyllen, d. A min- 

iug term. 
DAMAGE, V. Gwaythy, w. ; gwayth6, guethe, p.; 

gwethe, fethy, w. 
DAMAGE, 8. (Hurt, loss). Dr6c, drok, drog, 

drocoleth, dhrocoleth, drok-culeth, coll, goU, collet, 

w. ; kollet, b. ; cellad, w. ; diopenes, p. ; diowenes, b. 
DAME, #. Dama, w. ; damma, dim, t. j 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




DAMNED, part. Skymys, p. From skemyna, to 

DAMNED, THE DAMNED, *. Skymys, p. 

DAMP, adj. Gl^b, gleib, glib, 16b, glew, gleu, dony, p. 

DAMP, IT. (Discourage). Gwaythy, w. ; gwaythe, 
guethe, p. ; gwethe, fethy, w. 

DAMSEL, *. Mor^n, moroin, w. ; morain, p. 

DANCE, V. Lemmel, w. ; lemal, b. ; lebmal, w. ; 
carolli, p. ; koroUi, b. ; thonssye, r.d. 2656. 

DANCE, 8, Dawns, b. There was an ancient Corn- 
ish dance called Tremathieves. Polwhele. 

DANCE or JIG. ». Galliard, b. 

DANCER, «. Lappior, d. Female dancer, lappiores, w. 

DANDRIFF, s. Rummet, d. 

DANGER, 8. Antell periU, peryl, feryl, w. 

DANGEROUS, adj. Dyantell, dyantel, w. ; dyantu, p. 

DANGEROUSLY, adv, Dyantel, p.c. 94. Ha 
dyantel r^em laute, and dangerously by my truth, 
P.O. 94. 

DARE, V. Lavasy, w. 

DARK, adj, Du, diu, dhiu, tewal, w. ; teual, p. 

DARK or CLOUDY, adj. Comolec, w. ; comolek, p. ; 
komolek, b. 

DARK, THE DARK, DARKNESS, 8, Gorthuer, p. 
Rdknam imgyuw gorthuer, for now it is dark ; tulder, 
tewlder, tiwlder, tuylder, w. ; tuilder, p, ; tyuldar, 
tulgu, tewolgow, w. ; teuolgow, p. ; tiwulgou, w. ; 
tiuwegou, p. ; dewolgow, w. ; dewolgowe, c. w. 322. 
Ha dampnys the tewolyotc- and condemmed to dark- 
ness, p.c. 2466. 

DARNEL, «. Ivre, w. 

DART, r. Pechye, bechy^, w. 

DART, 8. (Shaft or spear) Gew, w. ; gu, geu, guu, 
p ; guw, giw, gwayw, w. 

DAUGHTER, «. Myrch, vyrch, myrh, vyrh. merch, 
merh, much, w. ; myrgh, p. PL Myrhes, myrghes, n. 

DAUGHTER-IN-LAW. e. Guhit, gwhidh, w. ; gu- 
hidh, B. ; elses, w. Borlase gives ekSs for a son-in- 
law by a former wife or husband. 

DAVID, s. Dewy, b. 

DAWN, 8, (Daybreak). Terri-andzh^th, b. ; terr- 
andzh^dh, duth-tarth, p. ; dydh-tardh, w. 

DAY, 8. Dydh, dMh, deydh, dzh^dh, w. ; dydth, 
dyth, B. ; deth, d^t, dh^, d^, w. ; du, p. ; di, deiz, 
B. ; tydh, t^dh, gMh, geydh, gydh, gyth, c.w, 85. 
Anl6r yn nde houl yn geyth, the moon in night, the 
sun in day, o.m. 39 ; g^th, b. ; joma, w. ; juma, 
dzhyma, b. ; dzhyma, w. 

DAY BY DAY. Cynifar dzhyma, w. ; kynifar, dzyr- 
na, p. 

TO-DAY, THIS DAY. Hedhyw, hedhew, hedheu. 

hydhew, hidhu, hithu, hithou, w. ; hithow, p. ; 

hithyou, w. ; hetheu, p. ; hethow, b. ; hethyn, 

ythew, ytho, p.; hethec, w. ; hepou (?) b. ; yn 

dzhedh, w. 

h^te, w. ; deghenz^te, p. 
THE DAY FOLLOWING. Temos, temoys, w. 


trenzha, w. ; trendzha, b. 
TWO DAYS HENCE Trensa, trenzha, w. ; 

trendzha, b. 
THREE DAYS TIME. Triddydh, tryddydh, w. ; 

tryddyth, p. 
SIX DAYS SPACE. WhMdydh, w. 
THE DAY OF JUDGMENT. Dydh braes, w. ; 

dethbrus, p.c. 1669. 
BEFORE DAYLIGHT. Kyn vyttyn, p, ; LU. 

Before morning. 
DAZZLING, adf, Gurygtion, p. 
DEACON, #. Diagon, w. 
DEAD, adj. Marow, w. ; marrow, o.m. 2702 ; maro, 

p. ; merow, b. ; varow, w. ; verou, vyru, b. ; varwa, 

O.M. 3578. Marow rdg the geren8i^ dead for thy love, 

O.M. 2138. Er na varwa eredy, until she be dead 

quite, O.M. 3573. 
A DEAD BODY. Korph maro, b. 
DEADS, 8, (The refuse in a mine). Dyzha. Pryc^9 

DEAF, adj. Bodhar, bother, bothak, bythac, bythak, 

w. ; vother, m. 805 ; aeke, aege, p. 
DEAL BOARDS, ». Plancys zaban, w.; pknkys 

zaban, p. 
DEALER, 8. Gwicur, gwiocor, w. ; gwicker,^ c.w. 

1143; guikyr, b. ; gwicher, p.; gwicgur, guicgor, 

goccor, w. 
A CORN DEALER. Bager, d. 
DEAR, adj. (Beloved). C^r, cear, w. ; kear, b. ; 

cvr, kyr, k^r, g^r, p. ; ciif » cuef , cueff, cefyon, (the 

plural of (rti/,) wh^c, wh^k, hw^c, w ; wh^, b. ; 

hw^g, w. ; hu^g, B. ; wh^gol, w, ; whftgoll, b. ; hw^- 

gol, w. Mar g^, so dear, p. 
DEAR MOTHER. Yam wh^goll, b. ; Lit All sweet 

DEAR FRIENDS. Caradowyon, p. 
DEAlt LORDS. Arlythy caradowyon, p.c. 2163. 
A DEAR NEIGHBOUR. Cir, p. ; k4r, b. 
DEAR ME! Areefaa; b.v. 

DEAREST, adj, Kevarwouth, p.; cerra, kerra, w, 
Salamon the vdp kerra, Solomon thy son most dear, 
O.M. 2341. 

Digitized by 





DEARLY, ad/D, Thennaz, b. 

DEARNESS. ». (Costliness), G^r, b. ; 

DEAR. COSTLY, adj, C^r, b. 

DEATH, ». Ankow, ancow, ancou, b. ; ankowe, c.w. 
379; ankaw, c.w. 1967; ancov^ {ancou) u. 4147; 
anken, o.m. 276 ; ancouyns, b. War heyn ancov ty 
heloHy on pain of death thou villian, m. 4147. 
Tryitym fast byn yn aneotOy great sadness even until 
death, p.c 1023 ; mamens, memans, w. ; mamans, 
memal, p. ; vernans, w. Gothaf mernena yn bys- 
ma, to suffer death in this world, p.c. 1343; crow, 
w. ; crou, p. Dhout peynyi bys yi crow, to torture 
me even to death. 

THE DEATH. Deweth, theweth, b. See END. 

THE PLACE OF DEATH. Kyvur ancou, p. 


DEBATE, V, Gueskall, p. 

DEBILITY, ». U wander, w. For other forms of 
this word see WEAKNESS. 

DEBT, 9. Cyndan, w. ; kyndan, p. ; gyodan, w. 

DEBTOR, 8, Cendoner, kendoner, w. Dev keudaner 
yth $ge the vn dettor^ there were two debtors to one 
creditor, p.c. 502-3. 

DECAPITATE, V. Dibenna, w. 

DECAY, V. Difygy, dyfygy, w. ; dyfyg, thyfyk, p. ; 
thyfye, R.n. 78 ; potry, p.c. 3200. Na potri by 9 
vynary, that it do not decay ever, p.c. 3200. 


DECEASED, adj. Marow. w. ; maro, p. 

DECEIT, 9, Fallad, fallas, fraus, feyntys. w. Hep 
feyntye na falaury, without deceit or falsehood, p.c. 
1478 ; tulle, b. ; tMl, teul, towl, toul, w. ; goweg- 
ncth, gouegneth, p ; whethlow, o.m. 2560; 
Whethlow is a plural, meaning idle tal€9, in 
Cornwall called toiddUe. Nonis translates *^hep 
whethlow,'^ ** without deceit." See o.m. 2560. 

DECEITFUL, ad/, Fals, fouls, goc, gauhoc, gouhoc, w. 


DECEIVE. V. Telle. toUa, tuU6, tulla, tiUa, w. ; 
tholle, twyllo, b. ; dilla. w. ; dulla, c.w. 472 ; doUa, 
dolle. w. ; colle, p. ; gurra, b. ; gowheles, wowheles, 
bache, w. ; baghe, desehy, dyssantye, lafurye, p. 
jRdy ef thym a lafurye, for he hath deceived, p. 

DECEIVED, part, and 9. Fellyon, b. ; tholle, b. 

DECEIVER, *. Huder, w. ; hudor, lafurye, p. ; 
tuUor, w. 

DECE]JBER, 9. Cevardhiu, m^s keyardhiu, mis 
kevamhiu, w. ; miz-keyardhiu, keuar-diu-mis, p. 
Lit, The month of black storms. 

DECENCY, 9. Honester, m. 261 ; onester, m. 487. 

DECENT, adj. Onest, w. 

DECLARE, V, Daryvas, dharyvas, dyryvas, derevas, 
dherevas, deryfas, teryfas, dascudhe, dyscudhe, 
disquedha, djsquedhas, dvswedha. dywedhy, w. ; 
dysquethya,, n. ; dythybia, p. ; lavary, leverel, w. ; 
thesta, p. ; thysta, o.m. 2543. 

I DECLARE. Je vody, p. The French ** le vous 
dis"? ^ 

HE DECLARED. Ytterevys, Composed of t, and 
terefn/9. a mutation of derevye, 3 pers. s. preterite of 
derevae, w. 

DECLARATION. 9 Daryvas, dheryvas, dysquydh- 
yans, w. ; dysquythyens, o.m. 147; dysquythyans, 
O.M. 1733 ; desquethyans, dowethyans, c.w. 618. Tn 
rfy«^tty%tf«< a Atniw, in declaration of that, o.m. 147. 

DECORTICATE, v, Dyrusky, w. 

DECREED, part. Tewlas, dewlys, p. 

DEED, *. (Exploit). Deray, w. 

DEED, 9. (Act). Gwaith, gwyth, wyth, w. ; guaith, 
B. ; gwythres, wythr^s, w. ; whythr^s, o.m. 272 ; 
prat, bratt, w. ; brat, p.; ober, c.w. 1275; obar, 
C.W, 1177; culeih, kuleth, c:»leth, w. (These three last 
are only used with drdc, evil, as drdooleth, an evil 
deed), Takel. (PI. Tacklow, p.; as Taeklow privie, 
private action or things). Wreans, c.w. 1121. An 
ndr yHh iohythrh Iwgen, the earth is thy evil deed, o m. 
272. Thy' my ef a wfHk an prat, to us he did the 
deed, r.d. 605. 

DEEMED, /ar^ Podeer&,p. A corruption of jw^Ary*, 
from predery, to consider. 

DEEP, adj, Down. w. ; doun, vown, p.; town, w. ; 
towne, B. Maga toumc, very deep ; bodo, w. Ha^y 
wul hyr ha doun, and make it long and deep for him 867. 

DEEP, THE DEEP, 9 Dounder, b. ; downder, w. 
As of the sea or ocean. 

DEEP PIT. Pul down, w, 

DEEPEST PART. Iseldor, w. 

DEEPNESS, 9. Downder, w. ; dounder, p. 

DEER, 9, Carow, w. ; carau, caro, p. ; carou, karo, 
karu, caruu, b. ; goUon, p. 

DEER OR HIND, 9. Ewic, euhic, w. ; euig, euhig,B. 

DEFAME, V. Flamya, w. ; dyflya, p. 

DEFAMED, part. Flamyas, dyflyas, p. 

DEFAULT, *. Fall, w. ; fal, gyll, dyfout, p. 

DEFECT, 9. Nam, w. ; gyll, p. 

DEFENCE, 9. Archless, costan, kostan, b. ; clem, w. 
Me a leuer thy*9 rdk clem, I say to you for defence 
E.D 625. ' 

DEFEND, V, Amwyn, b. ; coscasa, kosgaza, w, ; kos- 
gazo, p. ; kosgezys, dyflres, dhyffres, w. ; tiiyffres, 
p.c. 2622. Mdg y thyffrie a anken, to defend him 
from pain, p.c. 2622. 

Digitized by 





DEFENDANT, «, Diffenor, w. ; diffener, b. 

DEFENDER, 9. Dadloyar, dadloyer, dathluur, p. 

DEFER, V, Cregi, dlio cregi, p. 


DEFICIENCY, *. Fawt, w. ; faut, p. ; fowt, fout, 
w. ; fal, p. 

DEFILE, V, Hagry, w. ; schyndy, p. ; mostya, w. 

DEFILE, V. (To defile with ordure). Ymgachu, b. 

DEFILED, part, Mostys, Tostys, w. 

DEFILEMENT, «. Mostya. m. 3863. Guyth ov ena 
heh mostya, keep my soul without defilement, m. 3863. 

DEFLOWER, v, (Ravish). Guasga, b. 

DEFORM, V. Defaleby, dafole, w. 

DEFORMED, part, Defalebys, w. 

DEFORMED, adj. Deffryth, disliu, w. ; digliu, hager, 
hagar, uthek, p. 

DEFORMITY, 9, Hacter, w.; hactar, p. 

DEGREE, 8. (Step, measure). Giit, gry, p. 

DEGREE, s, (Rank). Pryckna, pruckna, gre, p. 
Neb a vo moghya gre, he who is in the highest degree, 
PS. 777. 

DELAY, V. Lettya, hoeye, hokye, w. ; hethy, cregi, 
dhelledzha, p. ; dalea, k. 

DELAY, 9. Gorholeth, w. ; gortos, k.d. 2146 ; let, 
w. ; lettye, cm. 1 IS4 ; hockye, p. ; hokkye, p.c. 
2828 ; hokye, o.M. 191 ; hethy, h^s, dyweth, dywyth, 
p. Orth aga9 gorto9y by your delay, r.d. 2146. Aly 
a offryn hep lettye, I will offer without delay, cm. 
1194. Meb hokye /aet haue ydo, without delay quick- 
ly have done it, o.m. 198. 

DELICIOUS, at^\ Hueg, b. 

DELIGHT, 8, Lowene, lawenes, w. ; laaenez, lau- 
en, p. ; whecter, w. ; whekter, o.m. 363 ; megyans, 
M. 26. Yn mii a^n toy ha^m, whekter^ away from my 
joy and delight, cm. 359. J7a than ena tdr megyaMf 
and to the soul a sure delight, m. 2025, 

DELIRIUM, 8. Trangiak, galdrum, b. 

DELIVER, V, Dascor, thascor, dylyr, p. ; dilvar, b. 


I WILL DELIVER. A rogolley, p. 



DELUGE, 8, DeaU, dial, dyal, dhyal, diel, kyel, lif, 
lyf, lyv, w. 

DELUSION,*. Hiith, p. 

DELVE, V. Palas, balas, w. ; baUas, c.w. 982. ; bales, 
O.M. 414 ; baly, p. See DIG. 

DEMAXD, V. Govyn, goyynny, wovyan, wovynny, 
gulen, w. ; dymandia, cria, creia, greia, greiyh, dho 
greiah r&g, p. ; huila, b. 

DEMAND, 8, Govynnad, wovynnad, w. Stir dl the 
tpovynnadoWf surely all thy demands, p.c. 599. 

DEMENTED, adj, Ascient, guan, b, 

DEMONIAC, 8. Sach-diavol, p. ; sach-dianol, b. 

DEMONSTRATION, «. Deskydhyans, dysquedhyans, 
discwedhyens, w. ; disquethians, diskuedhyans, p. 

DEMUR, *. Ardak, p.c 1:570. By'e dys o/nma hep 
ardak, to thee here without demur, p.c. 1870. 

DEN, «. Cors, kavam, b. ; fow, w. ; fou, ffau, vaa, 
vou. H, Fouyz, p. ; fouiz, b. ; fowys, p.c, bS6. 
ha fow 1^8 the laddron plds, and dens of foul thieveSy 
p.c. 336. See CAVE or CAVERN. 

DENIAL, 8, Innias, ynnyas, ynny, w. ; ynnyad, p. 
PL Inniadow, w. ; inniadou, p. Del degoth tiym 
hep ynny, as it becomes me without denial, o.m. 1943. 

DENIED, part, Nehys, w. ; neghys, p. 
DENOTE, V, Notye, w. 

DENY, V. Nache, nahe, nacha, naha, nea, w ; ne^7» 
nagha, naghe, p. ; dynache, w. ; dygnahas, ynnjay 
ynny, r. 

DENY, V. (Refuse). Sconya, sconye, w. ; reneag, p. 

DEPART, V. Dilecha, w. ; dewedhy, dewedh^. dhe- 
wedhe, dewethe, p. ; thewethe, o.m. 686. An Urwt» 
yn the thewethi, the time to depart, cm. 686 ; omdena, 
p. ; voydya, c.w. 2345 ; tremene, dremene, w. 

DEPARTED, part. Degenow, dagenow, w. 
DEPENDENT, 8. Undamsi, w. ; d^n coscor, b. 
DEPENDENTS, ». Cosgor, kosgar, w. 
DEPENDING, part. Koskor, b. 
DEPOSIT, 8. {Detritue). Lig, liggan, n. 
DEPOSITORY, 8, Logel, logeU, logol, w. 
DEPRIVE, V. Difyddio, b. 

DEPRIVED. Gwedho, w. ; guedho, p. ; guedeu, w. ; 

guetho, p. 
DEPTH, 8' Downder, w, ; dounder, p. 

DERIDE, c;. Dyale, w. ; dyalas, dhyallas, p. ; dafole, 

gescy, w. ; gesky, p. 
DERISION, 8. Dafole, schereweth, p. ; scherewith, d. 

DESCEND, V. Descyn, deiscyn, w. ; deiskyn, p. ; dy». 
cynne, dyskynn6, w. ; diskynne, p. ; dyescenn^^ 
dyeskenne, dyescynne, w. ; dyskynnya, c.w. 76 ; 
dyiskynya,c.w. 234 ; dyskyna, b. ; discynna, scydnytty 
skydnya, degensywe, tegensyw^, w. 

DESCENDED, part. Diskynnys, diwenys, &c 
DESCENDING, part, Dywenys, &c. 

DESCENT, PARENTAGE, 8, Goys, guydh, gudrii, 
B. These are some of the forms lor blood, q,v* 

DESCENT, 8, (A coming down). Tharvivas, p. 

DESCRY, t;. Guydher, p. 

DESERT, A DESERT, 8, Defyth, difeid, devyth, w. ; 
deveth, p. Yn defyth yn tewolgow^ into desert into 
darkness, p.c. 142. 

Digitized by 





DESERT, ». (Merit). R^th, p. 

DESERVE, V. Dylly, dely, dendel, dyndyly, thyn- 

dyly> ^' f r^thy, p. 
DESERVED, a<^\ MaU, b. 
DESERVING, adj. Gweff, gyw, gwyw, w. 

DESIGN, V. (Intend). Arveth, w. ; faes, p. ; tewlel, 
w. ; teulel, tiulel, p. ; tywlel, w. ; tynlel, b. ; tow- 
lal, teuly, p. ; towla, toula, w. ; doulla, p. 

DESIGN, *. (Intention). Dowl, dowle, p. 

DESIGNED, part. Tewlas, dewlys, b., &c. 

DESIRE, s, Dnwhans, dywhans, p. ; whans, hwans, 
w. ; whanz, hyreth, herath, p. ; wl, w. ; youall, b. ; 
yeues, w. M6s thotho yv ov yeues, it is my desire to 
go to him, P.O. 1 046 ; mal, w. The gafus gynen yv 
malf it is our desire to take thee, p.c. 1178 ; merth, 
B. ; plegad, w. ; blonogeth, c.w. 96 ; dakkroter, da- 
croter, p. Guas dacroier^ a hungry desire, p. ; luyst, 
M. 1824, Fany^ purguir yv ov luyst f to do penance 
right truly is my desire, m. 1824 ; omnadow, k. 30. 

A DESIRE OR REQUEST. Orphennyaj, p. 

A STRONG DESIRE. Awel, hireth, hyreth, w. ; 
hirathy b. 

WITHOUT DESIRE. De-whanz, p. 

DESIRE, V. Desef, yeimy, w. ; yedn, p. 

THEY DESIRED. Yttasefsons, w. Composed of y 
and t^efoonsy a mutation of dese/sons, 3 pers. pi. pre- 
ter. of deifef, w. 

DESIROUS, adf. Dywysic, plegadow, plygadow, 
whansec, w. ; whanseck, p. ; whansek, n. ; whan- 
eack, c.w. 1774 ; volynzhedhek, p. 

DESIST, V. Sestya, w. ; dho hassa, p. 

DESPATCH, s. (Haste). T6th, tooth, towth, touth, 
toysh, doth, w. 

DESPISE, V, Dispresy, dyspresy, w, 

DESPISED, part. Dyspresyas, b. 

WILLING TO BE DESPISED, adj. Spemahyl, w. 

DESPITE, s. Despyth. dyspyth, w. ; dyspyt, p. 

DESTITUTE, ad/. Gwedho, w. ; guedho, p. ; gueden, 
w. ; heh ken, p. 

DESTITUTE OF. Noeth, noath, ndth, w. ; nooth, 
p. ; noyth, w. 

DESTROY, V. Disil, diswrey, w. ; dyswrey, digwreys, 
diswel, p. ; dyswel, diswul, dyswul, dhyswul, w. ; dho 
diswrug, dyswruthyl, dyswythyl, p. ; destrewy, dhes- 
trewy, w. ; dystrewy, p. ; dystry wy, w. ; tystiywy, 
p. ; thistrewy, b. ; destria, destii, w. ; gwaythe, p. ; 
gwaythy, gwethe, w. ; guethe, p. ; fethy, w. ; trey- 
the, p. ; golli, guastia, vensy, b. ; hrosy, w. ; dho 
toula diveas, b. 

HE DESTROYED. DiswHig, dhyswrug, w. 

THOU WOULSDT DESTROY. Tystrewys, a muta- 
tion of dystrewySf 2 pers. s. suhj. of dystrewy, w. 

DESTRUCTION, *. Marnans, memans, menial, p. 

DETAIN, V. Thuethy, p. 

DETECTION, «. Myc, w. ; mycke, sogote, p. JSa 
ryh tha sogote wref and by making this discovery (or 
detection^, p. 

DETERMINE or END, v. Dhyfyk, p. 

DETECT, V. Case, w. 

DETESTABLE, adj. Ahas, o.m. 1081 ; cesadow, casa- 
dow, w. ; kesadow, p. ; gasadow, w. 

DETRACTION, *. Cabel, w. 

DETRITUS or DEPOSIT, s. Lig, Uggan, n. 

DEVICE, 8. Thavys, c.w. 466. 

DEVIL. 8. Diawl, w. ; diaul, p. ; dioul, b. ; diowl, 
dyawl, w. ; dyowl, o.m. 30 1 ; deawl, w. ; deaul, b.d. 
2104 ; dyallas, dewol, p. ; diavol, dzhiawl, w. ; dzhi* 
aul, p. ; jawl; jowl, joul, iawl, w. ; iovl, m. 159 ; 
jevan, malan, pla, w. The following are some of the 
plurals, viz., Dewolow, dywolow, w. ; dywolou, b. ; 
dewlugy, w. ; deulugy, p. ; thewollow, c,w. 481 ; 
thevollow, c.w. 2010 ; tybyles, p. ; joulou, b. 

DEVILRY, 8. Devlugy (deulugy), u. 2096. Eennyv 
rdg an devlugy, that is for the devilry, m. 2096. 

DEVISE, V. Ervyre, yrvyre, w. ; tewlel, teulel, tin- 
lei, tywlel, teuly, towla, toula, towlal, p. 

DEVONSHIRE, ». Dewnans, w. ; Drunanz, p. 

DEVOUT, adj. Dywysyc, w. 

DEW, 8. Gmth, w. ; thew, p. 

DEW-SNAIL or SLUG, ». Molhuiden, molhuidzhon, 
melyen, w. 

DIADEM, 8. Curun, curyn, cyryn, guryn, gyryn, w. ; 
curun ray, b. 


Morion, D. 

DIARRH(EA, s. Girr, p. ; gyrr, gerdin, b. 

DICE, TO THROW DICE, v. Teulel pr^n, p.c. 

2847, Lat. To throw wood. 
DICK, 8. (Richard). Hecca, w. ; Hecka, p. 
DICTIONARY, *. Gerlever, w. 

DID, {pret of do). Wra, wre, wryk, rig, ryg, reeg, 
B. ; rewruk, gallus, p. ; gusel, b.) 

DIDST COME. Wrafys, b. 

I DID WRITE. Me re wryk skrife, b. 

THEY DID PUT. Y a reeg gore, b. 

DID SAY. GaUus leverel, p, 

DID IT OUT OF ENVY. Gusel dre envi, b. 

HE DID. Wruge, a mutation of grdg, 3 pers. s. pre- 
ter. of irr. v. gwrey, e added in a subjunctive con- 
struction, w. ; riig, ryg, wruc. Wruc, a mutation of 
grak, from grugi, to do or make. 

Wrussys, a mutation of gwruseye, 2 pers. s. preter. 
of gwrey, w. 

Digitized by 





THOU DIDST. Whruste. The aspirate mutation of 
grusUy composed of gtorWy i.d. q.v. gwr^By 2 pers. s. 
imperf. of gwrey and U^ thou, w. 

"WE DID OR MADE. Wrussyn. a mutation of 
gwrtusi/n, I pers. pi. preter. of gwrey y w. 

YE DID OR HAVE DONE. Wrussouch, a muta- 
tion of gwrvssouch, 2 pers. pi. preter. of giffrey^ w. 

THEY DID. Whrussons. The aspirate mutation of 
grwsanSf 3 pers. pi. preter. of gwrey, w. 

THEY DID. Wrens, a mutation of gwrem 3 pers. 
pi. imperf. of gwrey , w. 

DIE, V, Merwel, verwel, w. ; meerveil, b. ; meruel, 
veruel, myruel, myrwel, marwel. myrul, maruel, 
muruel, maro, p. ; maru,maruo, varuo, b. ; myray, 
p. ; merwye, b. ; mirwy, p. ; verwy» b. ; firwy, p. ; 
feme, b. ; tremene, dremen^, w. 

1 DID DIE, I SHOULD DIE. Varwen, a mutation 
of marwen, 1 pers. s. imperf. of marwel, w. 

I MAY DIE. Yyrwyf, a mutation of myrwyfy 1 pers. 
s. suhj. of myrwel f w. 

HE DIED. Yerwys, a mutati<m of merwye, 3 pers. s. 
preter. of merwel, w. ; ev a veruys, p. 

HE MAY DIE. Merwe, marwe, ferwe, farwe, w, 

HE WOULD DIE. Myrwy, fyrwy, w. 

HE SHALL OR WILL DIE. Verow, vyru, muta- 
tations of merow and myru, 3 pers. s. fut, of merwel 
and myrp^el, w. 

HE SHALL HAVE DIED. Varwo, a mutation of 
marwo, 3 pers. s. fut. of marwel, w. 

WE SHALL DIE. Vyrwyn, a mutation of myrwyn, 
1 pers. pi. fut. of myrwel, w. 

DIET, 8. See FOOD. Coarse diet Labscou, b. 

DIFFERENT, adf, C%n, Un, w. ; keen, p. ; cyn, 
kyn, g^n, w. 

DIFFICULT, at^\ Gales, calas, cals, calys, w. ; 
callys, kallishc, b. ; calish, callish, gales, w. ; uhal, 
hual, ughel, b 

DIFFICULTY, «. Trangiak, b. 

DIG, V Palas, balas, w. ; bales, o.m 414 ; ballas, 
c.w. 975 ; baly, p. Ty the honan bake, thou thy- 
self to dig, OH. 345. 

DIGGER, «. (^riner.) Derrick, d. 

DIGHT. V. (To prepare one's self.) Omdhychty^, w. 

DIGNITY, ». Aynos. dynyte, p. 

DILATORY, adj. Hir, hyr, w. To he dilatory, 
V. ; Hocye, hokye, w. 

DILIGENCE, 8. Reonte, p. 

DILIGENT, aff/, Bysy, vysy, w. ; bysythyys, r.d. 
i'467 ; hewil, heuil, prederys, priderys, pryderys, 
brederys, w. ; brederez, p. ; wAr, p. ; gwas bathor, 
B. (See Bather in Borlase's Vocabulary). 

DIMINISH, V. Leh6, w. ; lehy, leihy, p.; leyhy, 
leyhe, lyha, lyhy, w. ; lygha, p.' 

DIMINUTION, «. Alloys, p. 

DIMINUTIVE, adj. B^r, ver, w. 

DINE, V, Cenewal, w. ; keneUal, kyneual, p. ; 
kynewal, w, ; kidnow, p. ; guneual, b. ; lyvya. x. 
11 M ; lefya, m. 8926. Dho guneual gondii, to dine 
vith him, b. Ny yllyn lefya kyn moys, that we may 
not dine before going, ii. 3926. 

DINGLE or VALLEY, «. Cikm, w. 

DING-DONG. (As of the sound of bells) Whym- 
wham, P.O. 2734. Otte del wysk-whym-wkam, see 
how he strikes ding-dong, p c. 2734. 

DINING ROOM, «. Stevel, steuel, w. 

DINNER, «. Cidnio, w. ; kidnio, b. ; ciniow, cynyow, 
kynyow, w. ; kidnian, p ; lein, b. 

DINNER OAEE, «, Fuggan, hoggan, hogan, hob- 
ben, D. 

DIP, V. (As in water). Bidhyzi, bedidhia. See 

DIPLOMA, #. Guarac, w. 

DIRECT, V, Rowlia, w. ; roulia, p. 

DIRECT THOU. Cevarwoudh, kevarvoudh, w. 


DIRECTLY, adv, Dewhans, duwhans, dywhans, w. ; 
dyhuanz, p. ; dystouch, dhj stouch, w. ; dystoug^ 
p. ; thystough, b.d. 1239. 

DIRT, 8. Caillar, w. ; cagal, b. ; casa, gasa, gasow, 
p. ; lued, lys, lyys, mostethes, vostcthes, w. ; vot^es, 
mosthes, b. J)re an mostethSs hep fal, through ih» 
dirt without fail. o.m. 2809 ; plos, w. May /one gul- 
an a pup plos 61, that they may be clean from all dirt, 
p.c. 844 ; pul, pol, teil, w. ; tyle, b. 

DIRTY, adj, Casa, gasa, gasow, casalek, cawys, 
caugh, cough, p. ; caugeon, b.d 137. Ra my eam- 
geon lawethan, and my dirty friends, b.d. 137 ; gaasic, 
geagle, w. ; gagle, p. ; mostys, vostys, w. Nyneyp 
gulan lemmyn moetye, it is not clean, but dirty, &.]>. 
1927 ; plosek, b.d. 1847. Plosek caugyan, a dirty 
messer or mess-maker, m. 3255 ; slovan, b. Loh elo* 
van, dirty pool, b. Cawys poue, a dirty gown, p. 


DIRTY FELLOW. Plosek, e.d. 847. Pluseyon, 
dirty fellows, w. 

DISABLED, at/j Effredh, evredhec, w. 

DISAGREEABLE, adj\ Ahas, cm. ]08l. Ota eowee 
pCar ahas, see a shower very disagreeable, o.m. irsi. 

DISAPPOINTMENT, s. Draffa, w.p.p. 

DISAVOWED, part Nehys, w. ; neghys, p. 

DISBELIEVE, v. Discrythy, p. ; dyscrysy, dhysciy- 
sy, w. 

Digitized by 





DISCHARGE, V. (As from a gun). Delle, dyllo. 
duello, w. ; thello, thelly, p. 

DISCIPLK, B. Discebel, w. ; discibel, p.; disgibl, 
desgibl, dyscibel, discybel, w. 

DISCIPLES, 8. Dyskyblion, thistypl^s, b. ; tysky- 
blon, p.c. 636. 

DISCLOSE, V, Dysqut-dhas, dyscudhe, agery, egery, 
ygery, ugory, ugery, w. ; uger, p. 

DISCOLOURED, adj. Disliu, w. 

DISCORD, 8. Avey, avy, aui, p. 

DISCOURSE, *. (Talk). Cows, w. ; kouz, koums, 
B. ; cowms, cews, gows, w. ; gews, a. 

DISCOURSE, 9. (A talking, or speech). Cowsys. 
cowses. gowsys, w. 

DISCOVER. V. Convedhas, w. ; convethas, convethy, 
confethy, daryvas. dharyvas, p. ; discudhe, dyscudhe, 
dhy.scndhe, dysquedhas, discwodba, w. ; disqnedha, 
p. ; diswedha, dyswedhy, w. ; dyswethy, discuthe, 
mygy. ryguelaz, p. 

DISCOVERED,^ part. Confethys, convethys, w ; 
gothyethys, g6th, p. 

DISCOVERY, 8. Discwodhyans, dysquydhans. dys- 
quedhyens, w. ; disquethians. daryvas, p. ; descotha, 
C.W. 1369 ; myc, w. ; my eke, p. 

DISCREET, ad/, Kefyon, p c. 1026 Ov hefynn hir 
eolonow, my discreet dear hearts, p.c 1026. 

DISDAIN, «. Gowal, p. 

DISEASE, 8. Clevis, clevas, w. ; klevas, b. clevaz, 
klevaz« p. ; clevel, w. ; clewet, p. ; cluyan, gluyan, w. 

w. Lemmyn pocvan ha lenhy, but disease and bur- 
ning, K.i>. 170. 

DI8EASELESS, adj. Dealer, m. 308«. Saw ha 
dealer yv lei. whole and diseaseless it is truly, 
M. 308«. 

DISFIGURE. V. (To disfigure, to be disfigured). 
Defaleby, w. 

DISGRACE. 8. Belyny, velyny, bylyny, vylyny, 
w. ; basnet (?) w. ; 'meule. m. 1 166. Psyn ha mevie, 
pain and disgrace, k. 1 1 60. 

DISGRACED, part. Dyflyas, p (? disgusted.) 

DISGIUOEFUL. adf. Dyflas, dhyfflas, w. 

DISGUST, r. Dyflase, dyflase, w. 

DISH, *. Scudel, w. ; scudell, skudel. skydel, b. ; 
skidal. p. ; scala, w. ; skival, b. ; padel, padal, p. ; 
engurbor, b. 

A LITTLE DISH. Podiiher, w. ; podzhar, p.; 
scidal, w. ; skidal, p. 

A LARGE DISH. Tallyour, w. ; talhiar, b. 

A BROAD DISH. Talhiar, gurbor, b. 

AN Earthen dish. Podzher, podzhar, p. 

predn. d 

DISH-BEARER, ». Reiniat, reunniat, p. 

DISH-CLOTH, 8. Clut-lestri, w. ; klut lestre, a. ' 

DISH, 8. Lester, -lestre, b. This term is used of 
anything that holds or receives another thing, as 
c<itituil-le4re, a candlestick. See for this word 



DISLOYAL, adj. Dislaian, w. 

DISMAL, adj. Thyveth, b.; wisht, whisht, d. 

DISORDERED, adj. (111). Clif, cliv, w. ; klav 
clatf , cl^f, clevas, clevys, b, 

DISPATCH, 8. See HASTE. Tooth hrdn, great 
dispatch, p. 


DISPERSE, V. Keskar, cescar, w. 

DISPLAY, V. Dysplevyas, dhysplevyas, dyspleytye, 
dhyspleyty^, w. ; discavyssy, p. 

DISPLEASE, p. Dyflase, dhyflase, w. ; dysplesy, m. 
119; thjAase, p. c. 9t»l. 

DISPLEASURE, 8. Anvodh, w. 
DisPuSE, V Dythgthtya, w, ; thyaty^, b. 
DISPOSE OF, V. Guerha, gwertha, gwetha, p. 

DISPUTE, 8 Bresell, bresel, w. ; bressell, b. ; bresul, 
bresyl vresyl, trawaran, w. ; saunt, p.; **what a 
Haunt is he ? d. 

DISQUIET, 8. Ancres, w. 


DISSEMBLE, V. Plose, plosi, dissembla. Dho lad 
gou, to tell a lie, p. 

DISSEMBLER. 8. Whetlow, p. i.e., a teller of idle 


DISSOLUTION, *. (The dissolution or end of the 
world). Worvan, p. 

DISSOLVE, V Tedha, w. 

DISTAFF, 8. Cegel, kegel, cigel, kigel, oygel, gigel, 
gygel, w. ; gigal, b. ; kiggal. b. 

DISTANCE, 8. Pellder, pelder, w. 

DISTANT, adj. Pell, pel, beU, w. ; veL velha, b. ; 
vezy, B.v. 

DISTINCT, adj. Dibblans. dyblans, dhyblans, w. 

DISTINCTLY, adv. Dyblans, m. 2371 . Tytel na eha- 
lyng dyblam, title nor claim distinctly, u, 237 1 . 

deberth, dybarth, w. 

DISTORTED, adj. Cam, oham, cabm, w. ; kabm, p.; 


Digitized by 




I DO. 

DISTRACTED, adj. Muscok, p. ; muscoc. raescat, i 
w. ; meskat, b. ; mustok, muskegvi, p. 

DISTRIBUTE, v. Uanne, radna, w. 

DISTRIBUTOR, «. Ileiniat, p. 

DISTRUST. V. Descrisa. p. ; descrissa, dyscryssy, 
dyscrysy. dhy^crysy, w. ; dezkryssa, b. ; thyscryssy, 

DISTRUST, B, Gorgys, w. Tma thy^mmo gorgys brdt, 
that is to me a great distrust, u.d. 1499. 

DISTURB, V. Coddros, koddros, goddi-os. w. ; dre- 
yny. p. 

DISTUHBANCE, s. Touse, b. Still in frequent use. 

DITCH, it. Cledh, tlMh, w.; death, c.w. 1140; 
gl^dh, clawd, kleudh, cleuth, b. ; fos, w. ; foze, foza, 
voza, p. ; vossa, w. ; vos, p. ; puUan troillia. w. ; 
grafp, D. Graff, says Borlase, is the name for the 
ditch, which surrounds a circular Cornish castle. 

DIVER, 8. (The bird). Saithor, w. ; sarthor p. ; 
shagga, w 

DIVIDE, V. (Fart ) Deberthy, dybarthy, deberhy, 
w. ; deberhe, deberhee, p. ; dheberhy, w. ; dyber- 
hee, diberh, fysky, p. An dour ou /yskya Us, the 
water is dividing abroad, p.; parri, parhy, barri, 
barhy, w. 

DIVIDE, ». (Share). Ranne, w. ; radna, b. ; ranna, p. 

DIVIDED, parL (Parted). Debarris, diberh, b. ; the- 
beraz, theberha, p. 

DIVIDED. pa»t. (Shared). Rynnys. From rann^, 
to divide or share, w, 

DIVINER, *. Cuillioc, w. A female diviner, Ouill- 
ioges, chuillioges, w. ; kuilioges, b. See SOOTH- 

DIVINITY, 9. (Godhead) Duses, dewsys, dowses, w. 

DIVIXITY, A DIVINITY, «. Du, dew, duy, w. 
See GOD. 

DIVISION, « (Part, or parting). Deberth, dybarth, 
deberthva, parth, parh, w. ; part, p. 

DIVISION, 9 (Share). Bin, rddn, w. 

DO, V, (To do or make). Gul, w. ; gull, b, ; gwil, 
w. ; guil, B. ; gweyl. w. ; gwyl, geil, p. ; geel. gil, 
cul, w. ; kiil, wul, p. ; hnil, b, ; whul, hwil, wil. il, 
w. ; wyth, R,D. 2250 ; wyny, craf, p. ; gwrege, gwr- 
uge, gruge, cruge, kruge, gwrey, w. ; gwra, gura, 
ara, b. ; gwyll, gwrelle, gwethe, gwethyl, gwruthyl, 
gruthyl, gwrythyl, gwrithyl, g'rithil, w. ; gurithil, 
gurythyl, p. ; guthal. guthyl, kuthyl, cuthyl, wut- 
hyl, w. ; wuthell, b. ; wuthul, b.d. 2252 ; wathyll, 
wethyl, B. The variety of ways in which the verb 
*< to do or make " is expressed in Ancient Cornish is 
extraordinary, and it is not certaiu that even the 
above list is quite completed. The mutations are 
numerous and perplexing. 7^ is a mutation of gil ; 
iffhUl is the aspirate mutation of gUd ; hwilia a corrup- 
tion of iffUlf the regular mutation of gUl; gweyl is 

another form of gal, Owethi is from gwith, id, qd,y 
gwf/th, a work or deed. Further illustrations are 
given below, and more may be found in the Lexicon 
Cornu-IJritannicumof Williams. The examples here 
given may be useful to the student of Ancient Corn- 
ish For more, see MAKE OK DO. 

I DO. This is expressed in Cornish by dera^ and it 
is used as an auxiliary with the infinitive mood, 
thus, dera mi tun, I do carry, w. Borlase gives 
ghera t'f, ioT Ido, 

DO. Gr^s, B Dell refhe grSs^ so they should do. 

DO, I PRAY. Loak, dho loak. b. 

DOST THOU? Sesta? p. 

HOW DO YOU DO? Fatla ella why giel? TTeli 
thanki t > you, Dah, durdala dha why. 

I MAY DO. 1 Wryllyf, a mutation of gwryllyf, 1 
pers. s. subj. of gwrey, w. 

2. Wrellyn, a mutation of gwrellyn, 1 pers. s. subj. of 
gwrey, w. 

THOU MAY EST DO. Wrylly, a mutation of gwrylly, 
also, whrylly, the aspirate mutation of gwryUy^ 2 
pers. s. subj. of gwrey, w. 

HE MAY D). Perfo, 3 pers. s. subj. of a verb — 
the Welsh peri, to cause, w. 

YE MAY DO. Wrellouch, a mutation of gwrelhuckf 
also, wrylleuch, a mutition of gwrylleuch, 2 pers. pi- 
subj. of gwrey, w. 

WE MAY OR SHOULD DO. WreUen, wryUyn 
Mutation? of gwrellm smd gwryllyn, I pers. pi. subj. 
of gwrey, w. 

I SHALL OR WILL DO. Wrama, wrif, rif. Wra. 
ma is a contingent form of wrdf, Jidf, is an abbreT- 
iatod form of wrdf, a mutation of gwrdf, I pers. 8. 
fut. of gwrey, w. Pryce writes for ** I do," raf, wra 
af. wrytfo, and, a wharfo. 

THOU SHALT OR WILT DO. 1. Wr^th. amuta- 
tion of gwfith, (wr6th is also used in the present 
tense), 2 pers. s. fut of gwrey, 

2. Whr^th, the aspirate mutation of gwrith, 2 pers. 

s. fut. of gwrey, w. 

3. Wreta. {wreth-te), w. 

4. . Qur^th, a mutation of gwrSth, 2 pers. 8. fut. of 

gwrty, w. 

5. Querth, incorrectly for gureth, w. 

6. Quereta, a mutation of gwra, w. 

7. Urylli, uryssys, b. 

HE SHALL OR WILL DO. 1. Gwra, 3 pers. s. 
fut. of gwrey, w. 

2. Wra. Used with all persons. A mutation of 


3. Ra, an abbreviation of wra. 

4. Qura, a mutation of gwra, w. 

Digitized by 





5. Qureva, a mutation of gureva^ composed of gwra^ 

3 pers. B. fut. of gweyy and ve^ he, w. 

6. TJrello, uryllif, b. 

WE SHALL OR WILL DO. Wr^n. a mutation of 
gwrin, I pers pL fut. of gwret/, w. Urellon, b. 

YE SHALL OR WILL DO. 1. Wreuch, a muta- 
tion of gwreucK 2 pers. pi. fut. and imp. of grewx/y w. 

2. Whreuch, the aspirate mutation (after y under- 

stood) of gwreuch, w. 

3. Rellouch. an abbreviation of wrellouch, a muta- 

tion of gwrellouchy 2 pers. pL fut. of gwrey^ w. 

4. Qureuch, a mutation of gwrettch, w. 

6. Rygo, a corruption o^ wrugouch, a mutation of 
gwrugouehf 2 pers. pL fut. of gwrugS, w. 

form of wrella, a mutation of gwrella, 3 pers. s. fut. 
ot gwrelid, w. 

abbreviation of wrdn, a mutation of gwrdn^ 3 pers. 
pL fut. of gwrey, w. 

2. Wrons, a mutation of gwrdns^ 3 pers. pL fut. of 

gwregy w. 

3. Dzhyi a'ran, b. 

HE SHOULD OR WOULD DO. 1. WreUo, written 
also wreUay a mutation af gu^rello, 3 pers. s. subj. of 
gwreyy w. 2. Russe. An abbreviation of wrussSy a 
mutation of gwrussiy 3 pers. s. subj. of gwreyy w. 
3. Wrefe, wrefa, w. 

THOU WOULDST DO. Wr^. A mutation of 
gvjrhy 2 pers. s. imperf . of gtoxeyy w. 

a mutation, of giffrussensy 3 pers. pi. pluperf. of 
gtcreg, w. 

DO THOU. Gwra, 2 pers. s. imper. of gun-eg, w. 

DO YE. Reuch. an abbreviation of toreuchy 2 p. pi. 
imper. of gwreyy w. 

LET THEM DO. Gwr^ns, gr^n«, 3 pers. pi imper. 
of gwreyy w. 

DONE, pari. Gwrjs, wrys, w. ; gurys, b. 

abbreviation of wrUssySy a mutation of gunHssySy 2 
pers 8. pret. of gwreyy w. ; 2, Wri^sta, a mutation 
of gwrHtta, composed of gwriU id, qd. gwrSsy 2 
pers. s. imperf. of gurey and Uy thou, w. ; 3, 
Goryssys, rewrensys b. 

HE HAS DONE, Guraz, b. 

WE HAVE DONE. Gureithon, b. ; wreithon, a 
mutation of gwreithony 1 pers. pi. preter. of 
gwrey, w. 

Grussen, wrussen, a mutation of gwrutseny 1 pers. s. 
pluperf. of gwreyy w. 

I HAD DONE. Mi a vryssen, b. 

HE HAD DONE. Ev a ressa, b. 

Grusse, 3 pers. s. pluperf. of gwreyy w. 

TO DO HARM. OR ILL. Droga. droaga, w. ; 
gamwuly, wyll, p. ; myschevy, p. 

NESS. Pryvia, w. 

DOCK. *. (The plant;. Tavolen, tavolan, w. 

DOCTOR, *. (Savant)). Descader, deskadzher, w. 

DOCTORS, 9. Doctours, s. From the English. 

DOCTRINE, B Descas, dhescas, dyskas, dyscas, 
desces, dysces, theskas, p.c. 818; tyskes, w. Rdg 
the theskoH yv pdr day for thy doctrine is very good, 
p.c. 121 ; discans, diskans, w. 

DOCTRINrES, B. Diskus, p. 

DOG, B. Ci, ki, chi, ky, cei, kei, gy, w. PI, cien, kuen, 
N. See HOUND, A yuung dog. Coloin, w. A great 
dog, Kim^r, keimaur, p. 

DOG'S-BANE, b. (Herb). Goitcenin, w.; goick- 
ennin, p. ; goitkenin, lodosa, hlodosa, b. 

DOGFISH, B. Dogga, n. ; morgi, lAL Dog of the 

DOG-FLY, B, Lewen ki, w. ; lewinki, p. 

DOLEFUL, adj. Trewesy, drewesy, trewysy, w. ; 
trewisy, trys, triis, p. ; trawethac, w.; trauethak, p.; 
trawedhak, w. ; trauedhak, travethak, b. ; morethec, 
morethek. w. 

DOLT-HEAD, ». Pedn-cooge, c.w. 1090. 

DOMINION, B. (Authority). Arthelath, w. 

DOMINION, B, (Royalty, a kingdom). Mychtemeth, 
myhtemeth, mytemeth, mychtemes, w. 

DOOMS-DAY, B. D^th bHis, m. 1923. Prederugh 
hebma dith briUy think of this on doomsday, u. 

DOOR. B. Daras, darras, darat. w. ByB yn daroi 
y chyy even to the door of his house, b.d. 1631. PI. 
darasow, w. ; darazou, p. 

DOOR, GATE, ENTRANCE, b. Perth, yet, w. 

DOORS, GATES, b. Jannues, p. 

DOOR-KEEPER, b. Darador, w.; daradur, b. ; 
darazu, p. ; porther, w. ; portherer, p. 

A FEMALE DOOR-KEEPER. Portheres, w. 

DOOR-POST, B. Dom, p. ; condura, w. ; kundom, 
p. IJnmy is frequently used for door-post in Corn- 

DORMOUSE, *. Ystlyn, b ; bat. w. 

DORMITORY, b. Cuski, b. ; cuscti, w. ; cuseki, p. 

DOUBLE.. *. (Fold, plait, flexion). P16g, pl^, 
pl^th, bl6g, w. ^ 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




DOUBT, 8. Fall, u. ; dar, thout, p. ; toul. p.c. 285. 
ff eh /ally without doubt, b. IJar de senos a ujhettgh 
why f A doubt of it do you make, p. Ifep tcvl 
pHr wyr me a grys, without a doubt truly I believe, 
p.c. 285. 

DOUBTLESS, adv. Hepmar. hemmar, w. ; en 
dhiougel. en dhiugel, diogel, diougel. p. 

DOUBTING. A DOUBTING, s. Mar. w. ; teul, p. 

DOUGH,*. Toas, B. ttee PASTE. 

DOYE, ». Colom, colommen, cylobman, w. ; kylob- 
man, p. ; kydhon, b. ; gnlom, w. ; golam, c.w. 2463. 

DOVE-COT. 8. Clomiar, w. ; klomiar, klymiar, p. ; 
clymiar, klymmiar, w. ; kilymmiar, b. 

DOWN or COMMOX, «. Gw6n, g6n, gAn, goon, 
gwen, w. ; guen, p. ; w6n, woon, w. ; nun, b. 

DOWN, DOWNWARDS, adv. Fans, w. ; hanz, 
inhauz, p. ; inhans, b. ; isot, w. ; isod, icot, debar, 
lour, B. ; lowr, liir, luer, w. ; doun, vonn, thyons, 
thous, trogh, p. 

DOWN HILL. Guimp, gump. The €hmp in St. 
Agnes. In Armoric, guympOy p. 

DOWNRIGHT, adi. (Sincere). Colanac, colannac, 
colenec, cylednae, w. ; kylednak, b. 

DOWNY, adj, (As of a common). Gdnic, w. 

A DOZE, 8. Sog, B. This word is still often used. 

DRAG, 8. (For a wheel). Dral, p. 

DRAG. r. Tena, p.; tenna, tenne, ten6, p!; tynn^, 
w. ; stlegea, b. ; denna, m, 3608 ; dena, deny, w. ; 
synsy, zingy, b. 

DRAGGED, part, Dregas, tregid, b. 
DRAGON, 8. Druic, dragun, w, 
DRAIN or ADIT, ». Tye, d. 

DRAKE or MALLARD, «. Kiliagaws. w, ; knlli- 
ages, p. ; kulliughaz. kuliagaz. b. ; celioc hoet, w. ; 
maillart. The name commonly used in Cornwall, is 
mallard or mollcrd. 

DRAM, #. (A *' nip " of spirit). Tot, n. 

DRAUGHT, *. (Drink). Suidnan, w. ; tAi, tyn. p. 
TSn guin, a draught of wine, p. 

DRAW, V, Tena. p. ; tenna, tene, p. ; tenne, tyn- 
ne, w. ; stleya, b. ; denna, ii. 3608. Quartrona ha 
denna, quarter him and draw him, k. 3608. Dena, 
deny, w. ; synsy, zingy, b. 

TO DRAW IN ANYTHING. Gan-zingy, b. 

TO BE DRAWN. Tenne, p. War heyn a^gy ha 
ienn4, on pain of being hanged and drawn, p. 

TO DRAW BACKWARD. Cyldene, w. 

TO DUAW NEAR. Ness^, doz ogaz, p. 

TO DRAW ONE'S SELF. Ymdenn6, w. 

TO DRAW OUT. Dema. p. feder war an neyl tene- 
wen denuu tne8 elethe, Peter on the one side drew out 
a sword, p. 

DRAW-BRIDGE, ». Ponteodi, b. 

DRAWER, $, (As of a desk). Logel, logell, logol, w. 

DRAWERS, 8. (The garment). Lafrocwan, w. ; 
tosunea, p. 

DRAWING. 8. (A pulling). T^n, tyn, w. 

DRAWING, *. (The punishment so called). Tenna, 
K. 1668. Warhyn tenna ha eregy, on pain of draw- 
ing and hanging, m. 1668. 

DRAWING, part. (Pulling or dragging). Tynys, p. 

DREAD, #. Own, oun, w. 

DREAD, V. Owna, w. ; ouna, p. 

DREADFUL, adj\ Erchyll, b. ; ahas, w. Bdkhdif 
peyn mar aha8y for his pain heing so dreadful, m>. 

DREAM, 8. Hunnu, w ; hcmdrez, p. ; hemdres, b. ; 
hvn (Amm), b.d. 518 ; trangiak, b. ; Tewns, p. Dra 
ov hvn me a wela8, through my dream, which I saw, 
s.]>. 513. My re welh hunrv8y I have seen in my 
dream, O.K. 1954. 

DREAM, V. Henrosa, w. 

DREGS, 8. Godho, godhas, p.; grushens, b. Tha 
following words are still in use in Cornwall f(v 
dregif vi%. grooshans, growshans, griahens, grudgingly 
growts. and grownds. 

DRESS, #. (Clothing). Gwisc, guiso, w. ; guisk, p. ; 
gwesc, w. ; guesk, p. ; 

DRESS, V. (To clothe). Gwisey, gwiace, gwesca, 
gwesga, w. ; guesga, p. ; wysce, wiscy, w. 

DRESS, r. (To cook meat). Dyghthy W>«, p. 

DRINK, 8. (Liquor, heer). Diot. diwes, dywes, 
dewes. w. An dewis yv da ha cHr, the drink is 
good and clear, o.k 1918 ; deuas, b. ; dewas, 
dhewas, w. Dewa$ creev, strong heer. Diwat c6th^ 
stale (or old) heei ; deves (deues), m. 3.'i78. Na devu 
na hoy8, neither drink nor food, m. 3578; gwiru, 
gwyras, wyras, pyment, pymoth, w ; eveugh, p. 

DRINK, ». (A drink or draught). T^n, tyn, p. LH. 
A pull. 

DRINK, V. Efe. ev^, w. ; eva, cofua p, ; m4dho. b. 
Ry dour thy'nny th$ effi, to give us water to drink, 
OM. 1801. 

HE MAY DRINK. Effo, w. 

DRINK THOU. Yf, 2 pers- s. imp. of evi, w. 

DRINK YE. Eyough, p. 

DRINKING-CUP, #. Hanaf, haaath, ▼.; anneth. 
p.; holla, B. 

DRINKING-GLASS, 8. Gwidran, gwedran, w.; 
guedran, b. 

DRINK-POT, 8. (A drunkard). Hirfel, b. 

Digitized by ' 

nAitei, b. 





DBtPPING, adj\ (Moist, wet). Sigyr, zigyr, p.; 
aigur, zyghir, b. 

DRIVE, r. (To drive out). Hella, helhia, hellyrchy, 
w. ; hellyrghy, helfia, p. 

DRIVE, r. (To drive away) Pelly, mose, vose, w. ; 
(The Cornuh use the phrase, ** to vease away.") 
vy^, B. 

DRIVE, V. (As to strike a nail). Gwysey, gwescel, 
gwysoel, w. Rdg an spyhis o garow, pan vtnu 
fwe$ki$ dk^y nentty^ for the spikes were rough, when 
they were driven to hold him, m.c. 159. 

DRIVEN, part. PeUys. p. From pelly, to drive 
away, w. 

DRIZZLING RAIN, #. Slag, b.v. 

DRONE. 9, (Insect). Sudronen, w. 

DROP, r. (To fall). Dyver6, b.; devery, dyvery, 
tevery. Qwraf iyvert, I should drop. b. 

DROP, r. (To drip, to trickle dowo). Devery, dyvery, 
dyvere, w. ; tevera, m. *i608 ; dylly, p. ; peysy, w. ; 
peyi, p. 

DROP, «. Ban, hanna, w. ; hadna, p. ; hanne, p.c. 
893 ; dagren, m. 2319 liarsw dayren, if there be a 
drop, M. 2319 ; loum, b. 

A DROP (OP WATER). Dewerryan, b. 

DROPPED, part Deveras, thiveras, throppys, b. ; 
dyllys, o.M. 24. 

DROUGHT, *. 8ech6s, sechter, w ; zechter, p.; 
sychder, sichor, sehar, zehar, w. ; zeha, b. 

DROVE, A DROVE, s. Tonec, tonek, w. 

DROWN, V. Bcdhy, budhy, bidhy, beuii, w. ; 

bidhyzi, buddal, p. ; buthy, c.w. 2330 ; bethy, c.w. 

2441 ; vudhy, vedhy, w. ; vethy, aflythy, p. TO 

DROWNED, part. Budhys, w. ; buthys, o.M. 1044 ; 
beth3rB, c.w. 2315 ; vudhy s, w. ; vuthys, o.M. 1701 ; 
bidhyz, driskyn, b. 

DROWSINESS, «. Hiin, huyn, possygyon, w. 
PoM^ygyon yn pen yma, drowsiness is in my head, 
o.M. 1906; sog, B. ; ^itredes, uindrau, p.; 
vinerau, b. 

DROWSY, adj. Heen, p. ; heene, b. 

DRUDGERY, $. Wheal ober, p. 

DRUID, #. Draw, b. 

DRUNKEN, adj. Medho, vedho, w. 

80 DRUNKEN. Cyvedha, w. 

A DRUNKEN FELLOW. Gw4s medho, w. 

A DRUNKEN SOW. Hot vedho, w. 

HlLF DRUNK. PriU, d. 

DRY, adj. Sech, w. ; sekh, b, ; seyeh. seigh, seyg^, 
segh, sYgh, w. ; seagh, b. ; sick, sich, sych, seth, 
seyh, sen, zeh, w. ; crin, heskyz, b. Beueh heehyz^ a 
dry {dried f) cow, b. 

DRY, V. (To dry, to be dry. to make dry). Seche, 
sychy, syche, w. ; seghy, dyseghy, p. ; sihy, seha, 
tesehe, zeha, w. 

DRY, V. (To dry up). Dyseghy, disewythy, p.; 
guedhra, dho seha, b. 

DRIED, part. Seches, sechys, syches, sychys, syhys, 
sehys, zehys, seghys. w, 

DRYNESS, 8. Sechter, w. ; zechter, p. ; sychder, 
sichor, seches, sehar, zehar, sahas, zehas, w, 

DUCK, s. (Bird). Hoet, h6s, w. ; hiz, p. ; hawz, w ; 
hauz, b. ; PL Higi, w. ; heidzhe, hoet, b. 

DUCKS AND DRAKES. (The game). Tic-tao 
mollard, n. 

DUE, 8. Devar, p.; dufer, m. 4513. Del yv dufer 
din worthy f as is the due of a worthy man, m. 4513. 

DUE, adi. Gwyw, w. j gew, gyu, b. It i$ due, it 
behoveth, Goth, cAth, couth, w. 

DUG or TEAT, e. Tidi. w.; tidy, p.; t«th, w. A 
little dug or teat. T^than, w. 

DULCIMER, *. Cythol, o.m. 1997. 

DULL, «. (Stupid). Dicreft, pyst, w. ; segerneth, 
B, ; talsoch, w. ; talsokh, b. ; taltoch, p. See STU- 
PID, for other words. 

DUMB, adj, Avlavar, a-flavar, w. 

A DUMB INFANT. M4b alavar, m4b a-flavar, p. 

DUNE, i, Towan, towin, tewen, tuan, tuyn, b. 

DUNCE, 9. Talsoch, b. 

DUNG, *. (Muck, mire, dirt). Teil, w. ; tyle, b.; 
orrach, p. 

DUNG, 8. (Excrement). Cic, cauch, cau, cauh, w. ; 
kauh, B. ; gau, w. 

COW'S DUNG. Busl, busyl, w. 

DUNGING, part. Ow scumbla, m. 3952. In agen 
meeke ov seumbla, amongst us dungiug, m. 3852. 

DUNG-CART, ». Butt, w. This name is still much 

DUNG-FORK, e. Heeval, hewal, yewal, yewl, p. 
This is a three-pronged fork. The names at pre- 
sent in use are, hewal, eval, yewal, yewl, and deril. 

DUNG-HILL, 8. Bidzeon, p. ; bidzheon, b. ; pil-teil, 
w. ; pil tyil, p. 

DUPES, 8. Fellyon, b d. 1 273. Yeougk gokky ha fell- 
yon, ye are foolish, and dupes, b.d. 1273. 

DURATION, *. H^d, his, hys, heys, hirenath, w. 
DUSKY or DARK, e. Tewal, w. ; teual. p. 
DUSr, 8. Pilm, w. ; (This word is still in use). Scyl, 
skyl, scM, skul, w. ; treust, b. ; pellum, piUum, n. 

Digitized by 





DUTY, #. (Obligation, office, service). Devar, w. ; 
dufer, V. 3171. The den yank ythyv duftt^ to a young 
man it is a duty, h 3171 ; cUf^ry, b. ; dewty, w. ; 
gever, b. £t % geteff in her duty, b. ; gruytli, w. ; 
me^stry, o.h. 2164. Hdg a perfo ov meyitry, and 
to do my duty, b.v. 2164. 

DWARF, *. (A male dwarf). C6r, w. ; k6r, p. ; k^r, b. 

DWARF, ». (A female dwarf). Coitus, korr^s, p. 

DWELL, w. (Inhabit, abide, stay, tarry). Trega, 
triga, trege, trig^, trigia, w. ; drega, c.w. 834 ; drege, 
dryk, re(£rjgy, wonys, p. 

DWELL, V. (To dwell in). Anhedhy, w. ; annezo, p. 

DWELL, V. (To dwell together). Contreva, w. 

DWELLER, #. Treger, w. ; trig, tryck, tryk, p. 

DWELLING,*. (Dwelling-house, abode). Chi, chy, 
(the ch is soft), tshi, tshy. ti, p. ; bod, w. ; bdt, p. ; 
b6s, w. ; boss, buyth, v^th, b. ; annedh, w. 

DWELLINO-PLACE, 9. Tr^, tr^v, w.; tr^ga, b. ; 
tregva, trigva, w. ; trygva, c.w. 664 ; tryg&, k.d. 
2892 ; dregva, drigva, w. ; drygva, p. 

DYE, s. (Colour). Liu, lyw, w. 

DYER, 8. Liuor, w. ; leuiar, b. ; liuyer, p. 

DYKE, ». ClMh, klMh, w. ; gl^dh, kleudh, cleuth, 
dawd, tuban, b. 

DYSENTERY, #. Girr, an gir, p. ; gerdin, b. 


This letter has only two sounds in Cornish the long and 
the short. When long it has the soimd of a, as in 
the English words, laney eane ; thus the Comi^ (2^, 
a man; niv, heaven, were sounded as the English 
words, dane, nave. The long e is distinguished by a 
circumflex. E short was pronouced as in the English 
words, fen, hen, pen. In Cornish e is constantly con- 
founded with y, as in dSdh, dydh, a day, dehow, dyhow, 
the right, &c. 

E is commutable with o, as cam, a horn; eemiat, a 
horn-blower, w. Zex Con, Brit 

EACH, a^\ (Each one). Pup, piib, w. ; pop, p^b, 
pyb kenifer, p. 

EAGER, adj. Men, ven, fen, w. 

EAGERLY, adv. Duwhans, dewhans, djrwhans, w. 

EAGERNESS, e. Awel, w. ; galleys, b. 

EAGLE, «. Er (P/. Erieu, w.) ; adglaer, b. (See BIRD, 

EAR, $. Scovam, scovem, scovom, scofom, scevam, 
w. ; scouoron, p.c. 2^87 ; Fl. Scovomow, k. Ow 
ecoforn treghye my rough, see my ear is cut, p.c. 1144. 

EAR OF CORN. Pedn yz, w. 

EAR-RING, 8, Scinen, w. ; skinen, scinin, b. ; skiney, 

EARL, 8. Yerl, yarl, ynrl, w. 


EARLY, adj. Arvis, w. 

EARLY, ado. Avar, w. Ha drug avar, and come eariy, 

p.c 3289. 
EARN, V. Dendel, dyndyly, w. 

EARNEST, adj. Defry, deffry, dheffry, devry, dywy- 

syc, w. 
EARNEST, IN EARNEST. Defry, deflEry, dheffry, 

devry, w. ; yn teveiy, c.w. 621. 

EARNESTLY, adv. Fast, p. ; hard, b. ; ynnen, p. ; 

ynven, b. 
EARNING, 8. (Winning, gaining). Vangin, b. 

EARTH, THE EARTH, 8. Dor, doer, an doer, doar, 
daor, an daor, dhaor, aor, an aor, an naor, oar, an 
oar, n6r, near, w.; noorft, c.w. 18 ; noer, nooi, ean, 
enn^s, p. 

EARTH, *. (Land, country). Tir, tyr, w. ; tyre, 
c.w. 89; there, c.w. 234; tireth, tyreth, tyreyth, 
dyreyth, w. 

EARTH, THE GROUND, i. Gweras, gwyrras, gwe- 
red, gweret, gueret, lear, Ur, Icur, luer, lor, Mkr, w. 

EAllTH OR MOULD, #. Pri, pry, bry, viy, w. 



EARTH-NUTS, 8. Killi-m6r, kiUi-more, n. 
EARTHENWARE PAN. Bussa, buzza. d. 
EARTHQUAKE, #. D6rgis, ddrgrys, w. 
EARTHWORM, #. Pr^v'nor, w. ; buzuguen, b.; 

PL Buzug, B 
EASE, V. Cosowa, w. ; kosoua, aizia, p. 
EASE, 8. Hezuek, b. 

EASILY, MORE EASILY, adv. Daalyer, b. 
EASILY SEEN. Hewel, w. ; heuel, b. 
EAST, 8. Duryan, w. ; thuryan, thorians, houldreval, 


EASTER, 8. Pasc, w. ; pask, a. ; pasch, w.^ 

EASTER-DAY, 8. Du pasc, w. ; du pask, p.; da 
pasch, B. 

EASY, adj. (Gentle). Aise, p.; medhal, medhd, 

meddal, w. 
EASY, adj. (Feasible). H^dh, hogul, w. ; sadt. 
MORE EASILY. Daslyer, d. 

EAT, V. Diberi, debry, dibry, dibbry, w. ; tibri, dibri, p. ; 
dybry, dybbry, dhybry, tebry, w. ; tibbry, b. ; tyb- 
bry, w. ; thybry, o.m. 273; thebbiy, c.w.856; tmb- 
bry, c.w. 875. 

HE MAY EAT. Tebro, deppro, w. Tehro is a muti- 
tion of dehrOf 3 pers. s. subj. of debry , to eat 

Digitized by 





THOU WILT BAT. Tybryth, a mutation of dyhryth, 
2 pers. ». fut of dyhry, to eat, w. 

SATIliOy part Dhybbry, v. 134. Kyruevana dhyhhry 
tarn, before drinking or eating a bit, u. 134. 

BATING, #. Biner, byner, p. ; htiz, bte, b. 

EATING-TIME, *. Prez-buz, p. 

EATER, *• (?) A SMALL EATER. Punick, 
pewnick, w.r.p. This properly means a person who 
from debility eats little. 

EAVESDROPPER, #. Ystiferion, w. 

EBB. #. (As of the sea). Trig, w. ; drig, p. Mdr- 
irig^ the ebb of the sea. 


ECHO, «. Clowans, w. ; clowance, p. 

EDGE, «. Brou, b. ; fyrar, p. ; ochre, b. 

EDGE, «. (Extremity, margin, border). Min, vln, 
meen. Teen, meyn, w. CHmbJc war an myuy smite on 
the edge, p.c. 2727 ; vyne, w. ; miniog, b. ; yrhian, 
p. ; jrmyl, B. ; urrian, w. 

EDICT, t. (A royal edict). Gorhemin-roif, p. 

EEL, 9. SeUi, silli, w. ; zilli, p. ; silien, b. 

EELSy 8, Selyes, sjUyas, w. ; syllyes, n, ; seljas, c.w- 
410 ; siliou, B. 

FRESH WATER EELS. Valsen, Carew. 

EFT OR NEWT, «. Pedrevao, pedrevor, predresif. 
wedresif, w. ; pedrerifl, p. ; anan, b. ; anaf, p* 
Commonly c alled an emmet, ehhet, or evei^ in Cornwall. 
See also NEWT. 

EFFECT, #. Ffrwyth, b. 

EFFUSE, V. Denewy, dhenewy, w. 

EGG, #. Oy, w. ; oye, oi, wiy, p. ; uy, w. ; ui, liy, b. 

PI, Oyow, oiow, w. 
BIBDS' EGGS. Oyow edhen, w. ; oyow ethen, p. 
EGGSHELL, s. Pliscin. w. ; pliakin, p. 
EIGHT. Eath, w. ; eyth, ». 

EIGHTH. Eathas, ethas, w. ; eythyes, k . ; ethaz, p. 
EIGHTEEN. Eatag, p. ; eithack, d. ; eythek, v. 
EIGHTEENTH. Eath degves. w. 
EIGHTY. Padgwar iganz, peswar ngens, if. 
EI THFJL Po, py, bo, p. 
ELBOW, 9, Elin, elyn, ilin, gelen, gelyn, w. 

ELDER, «. (Prebyster). Hebrenchiat, hebrenciat, 
hebryngkiad, b. 

ELDER, 9. (The tree). Scawen, scawan, scaYan,w. ; 

skauan, b. ; skawan, scauan, p. ; skaun, scauoiian, 

yscann, b. PL Scaw. Scawen is still in use in Coro- 

waU for an elder tree. 
ELDER OR ELDEST, adj\ Cotha, c.w. 1059. Cayne 

ytheto ov mabe eotha, Cain is my eldest son, o.w. 1059. 

ELECAMPANE,*. Baiol, w. 

ELECT, 1^. Dewys, p. 

ELEGY, «. Ancenec, ankenek, w. 

ELEMENT, AN ELEMENT, t. Elven, b. 

ELEPHANT,*. Olifens, oHphant, w. 

ELEVATE, V. Drehevel, dreval, w.; dhrehuel, 
trehevel, p. 

ELEVEN. Unneo, unnek, ednac, w.; ednack, 
idnak, p. ; ydnac, w. ; ydnek, b. ; ignack, d. 

ELEVENTH. Unnecves, ydnacvas, ydnacas (?)w.; 
ydn-hakvas, p. 

ELM, 9. TJla, elaw, w. ; elau, elan, p. 

ELSE. (Or else, otherwise). Po cen, w. ; poken, 
wanken, p. ; ken, m. 1808. ITen warharth ython 
lesky9, else together we are burnt, m. 1308. Nega- 
tively ken is nahm (naken), if. 

ELVAN, or ELVAN ROCK, *. Haidah, n. 

EMANATE, v. Tardhe, w. 

EMBALM, V. lire, hnre, w. Gae vy lemmyn tVy 

huri, leave me now to embalm him, p.c. 3196, 
EMBER, *. Heighten, b. 
EMBRACE, V Byrla, w. 
EMINENT, «&•. T41, w. 
EMIT, V. Dyllo, w. 

EMMET or ANT, *. Meuwionen, w.; mevionen, 
murianean, murianan, p. ; meuionen, b. Menwionen 
is an error, w. PI, Morrian. 

EMMET or NEWT, *. See EFT or NEWT. 

EMPEROR, *. Emperur, emprour, emperour, w. ; 
empour, h. 930. 

EMPRESS, #. Emperr, b. ; emperez, w. ; emperSs, p. 
EMPTY, adj, Gw4g, w. ; gu4g, b. ; gwAk, w. ; 
uag, p. ; gwal, b. ; vig, veag, p. ; segeris, segyr, 
sigt-r, posigr, b. 

EMPTY, adj. (Vain). Coc, cok, cooge, cowg, coic, 
w. ; cowga, p. 

ENCHANT, V. (Bewitch). Zheibio, b. 

ENCHANTER, 9, P-irceniat purkeniat, purcheniat, w. 

ENCHANTMENT, *. HM, hiis, w. 

ENCHANTMENTS, «. Galdrum, b, 

ENCLOSED, part, Deges, degees, degeys, dyges, w. 

ENCLOSED PLACE. Ke, kea, p. 

ENCLOSURE, 9. Alwed, claust, cloist, b. ; pare, 
park, w. 

END, CONCLUSION, *. Diwedh, w. ; dinedh, b. ; 
dewedh, dywedh, dhewedh, w. ; diuadh, deweth 
dheweth, p. ; duadh, w. ; diuath, b. ; dyweth, w. ; 
deweyth, o.m. 856. Dynythy9 ev ov aeweyth, my 
end is arrived, o.m. 856 ; dywyth, w. ; dewath, c.w. 
940; dywet, p.c. 1830; diua, p.; dueth. Captain 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




Mitehins* Comuh epitaph in Paul Churehyard. 
ty wedh, w, ; theweth, f, ; gorfen, w. By9 gwfmk 
oys, till the end of the worid, b-d. 178 ; gorfan, 
C.W. 2141 ; worven, c.w. 2118 ; worfen, w. ; worfyn, 
p.; fen, w. ; fedn, ffenwith, b.; fin, finweth, 
fynweth, pen, pedn, w. ; ben, o.k. 2448 ; pera, p. 

END or HEAD, *. Pen, pedn, fen, fedn, b. Thr 

two endt, nejVL pen, h. 4491. ify a vyn ddn an 

•^ neyllpm, I will cany one of the two ends. ir. 4491. 

END or TOP, s. Tftl, thil, w. 

END, V. Dewedhy, dewedh6, dhewedh^, w. ; djweth- 
TE. K. ; dewethe, p. ; diwedhe, dywedh^, w. ; dho 
diuadha, dhyfyk. p. ; gorfenn^, gorfenna, worfenna, 
gura fen, w. 

ENDED, part. Due, dywythys, w. 

ENDING PLACE. Diwedhra, dywedhva, w. ; dywet- 
hva, B. ; duwedhya, dowedhjans, w. 

END. (To the end that). Adriff, w. 

ENDEAVOUR, v. Astel, w. 

INDEAYOXTR, «. Echen, hechen, ehen, hehen, w. 

ENDURE, V. (To bear with, to suffer). Codhevel, 
godhevel, godhaf , pertheges, perthy, poithy, w. ; 
perthegy, p. ; thewer, c.w. 424* 

ENEMY, 8. Agary, escir, eskAr, w. ; esoare, m. 168 ; 
eskere, k. 1176 ; enry, v. 1018. OijfH yma av tnvy, 
near is my enemy, k. 1018. PL Eskerans, k. 1176; 
yscerens, w. 

ENERGY or STRENGTH, «. Spron, sprawl, n. 

ENGAGE, V. (Or pledge). Thethywy, p. 

ENGINEER, #. Inguinor, w. 

ENGLAND, ». Pou an Zouzn, i.e., the country of the 
Saxons, b. 

ENGLISH, adf. (Saxon). Sasnec, zainek, sowsnac, 
w. ; saesnek, b. 

ENGLISHMAN, A SAXON, 9, Saws, Sows. PI. 
Sawsen, Sowsen, Zowzen, w. ; Zawzen, Zouzon, 
Sausen, p. 

ENGLISH, 9. (The English language). Sawsnec, 
w. ; Sawsnek, Zawsnak, p. ; Zouznak, w. ; Zowznak, 
Zaznak, b. 

ENGRAVE, V. Gravio, w. ; gravia, p. 

ENGRAVER, 9. Gravior, w. 

ENGRAVING TOOL, 9. Coital, b. 

ENJOIN OR CHARGE, v. Archa, w. ; argha, p. ; 
eTvjT^, yrvyrfe, w. 

ENJOINED, part. Erchys, w. 

ENJOY, 9. Covas, p. ; kouaz, b Hep eavae, without 
enjoying, p. 

ENJOYMENT, 9. Tekter, p.c. 33. An tekter ashet- 
heugh why, the enjoyment you will have, p.c. 33. 

ENLARGE, v. Mochahe, w. ; asten, b. 

ENLIGHTEN, v. Golowa, w. ; golooa, p. ; goulioa, 

gyly wi, w. ; kylyui, gylyua, p. ; colowa, p. 
ENLIGHTENING, t. Golowas, w. ; golooas, p. 

ENMITY, #. C4s, gis, w. ; torkhan, b. ; a?ey, p. : 
ayy, aui, w. Ha n$fre y fytk av&y, and eT«r shau 
there be enmity, o.v. 814, 

ENOUGH. L6r, likr, laur, loar, b. ; lower, p. ; kmr, 
w. ; lowpe, o.w. 266. ; layer, b. ; lye w. ; lyk, Iftc, 
likk, luek, honor, mane, v&s, p. 

ENQDIRE, V. Qoyn, gov3mny, wovyn, wovynny, w. 

ENQUIRE. (Ask). Cott govena, p. 

ENQUIRE FOR, v. Greiah r4g, p. 

ENSIGN, 9. (Flag). Baner, w. ; baniel, p. 

ENTER, V, Thello, thelli, p. 

ENTERTAIN, v. (Admit of). Ferthy, porthy, w. 

ENTERTAINER, 9. Yrvyrys, p. 

ENTICE or BAIT, v. Clithio, b. 

ENTIRE, adj. Dyen, tyen, w. ; tyen, p. ; oowal, 
gowal, oowl, w. ; ooual, coule, p. 

ENTIRELY, adv. Cowal, gowal, cowl, w.; oonal, 
coule, p. ; yn tyen, b. ; yntyen, b. 

ENTRAIL. 9. Colon, enederen, w. 

THE ENTRAIL OF A FIG. Nattlin, n. 

ENTRAILS, 9. Coloneiou, kylyrion, b. 

ENTRANCE, 9. (Door, gate). Forth, portal, yet, 
soler, w. ; treuth, b. 

ENTREAT, V. Fesy, pysy, pisy, pigy, pygy, pidzhi, 
w. ; hesy, b. 

Sailer, d. 

ENVIOUS, adj. Droghrederys, w. ; pedn-diAg, p. 

ENVY, 9. Despyth, dyspyth, w. ; dyspyt, vafker, 
wow, p. 

EPIFHANY, TWELFTH-DAY, 9. Stikl, de^ stfil, 

EPISTLE, 9. Lither, lether, w. 

EQUAL, adj. Cehafal, kehaval, haval, arel, hevel, 
hevelep, hyrelep. Equal to. Val, w. 

EQUAL or MATCH, 9. P4r, parow, w. ; The'tk pdr 
rdk kymmerhf to take her for thine equal, o.m. 104 ; 
Ifep parow, without equal, P. 1 4r becomes parov 
also, in the pluraL 

EQUALLY, ado. Awedh. auedh, aweeth, awyel^a, p.; 
cep4r, kep&r, pocir, pok4r, peoar, w.; pekar, p.; 
pycir, pyk4r, b. ; pocara, w. ; pokara, p. ; oeceffrys, 
cefrys, cyffrys. cyfreys, w. ; keflryz, keheffrjs, 
kevery, keverys, p. 

ERECT, V. Drehevel, w. ; trehevel, dreheuil, trwefchil, 
p. ; dreval, w. 

ERE THAT, adv. Censenna, w. ; kensenna, p. 
Digitized byVnOOQlC 




ERR, V. (To err, to make to err). Faellu, b. 

ERKy V, Miscemeras, w. ; miskymeraz, meskymera, p. 

ERRAND. #. Neges, negys, negis, n jgys, w. ; nagys, 
thanwell, p. 

ERROR, 8, Miscymerians, w. ; myskymerrianB, mys- 
tite, guyd, kiUbai, b. 

ERUDITK, adj\ Discys, diskys, p. 

ERUDITION, $. Lyen, w. 

ERUPTION, «. (As on the skin). Tardh, tarth. w. 

ERYSIPELAS, «. Clevas an mytem, w. ; klevaz an 
mytem, b. 

ESCAPE, V, Chujvyan, vyvyan, fye, fae, effye, dcanc, 
dyanc, w ; kavankis. b. ; scusv, skusy, w. ; skesy, 
p. ; Bchapy^, r.d. 2270 ; ponye, punnia, poynye, pun- 
nio, punnya, ponya. b. 

ESCAPE. «. Cavanscis, cavanskis, w. ; kauanskis, p. 

ESPECIALLY, adc. Porth, p. 

ESPOUSE, v. Demidhy, dimedha, w. ; dimedho, p. 

ESQUIRE, «. Squerryon.p. ESQUIRES. Squerrvon, 
B. Pryce also gives squerryou for Esquire. (? PL) 

ESTEEM, ACCOUNT, WORTH, «. Prfts, priz, prys, 
brys, w. ; vry, b. ; woolack, wow, p. 

ESTEEM, r. Settya, pensy, sensye sinsy, synsy, w. ; 
sensa. sanaa, sind^sha. p. ; ^indzhy, b. ; sendzha, dho 
sendzhe, syngy, w. ; lymery, p. 

ESTEEMED, /?aW. Sensye, sengys, syngys, &c., w; 
gorrys, b. ; priveth, pryveth, p. 

ETERNAL, adj\ Yiskvethek, p. ; viskuethek, b. 

EVE, «. (The name). Eva. Evef, b. 

EVEN. Bys, bis, b. ; Bys yn y chy, even to his house, 
p.c. 648. 

EVEN, adf, (Equal). Compos, compes, compys, 
cympes, kympez, w. ; compez, b. 

EVEN, adj\ (Smooth, level). Le?en, w. 

EVEN AS, LIKE AS. Cepar, ktpar, b. 

EVEN AS, AS, SO. Tro, tra, tre, try, w. 

EVEN NOW. Lumen, leman, lemen, lemman, lem- 
men, Icrayn, lemmyn, lymmyn. w. ; yn nans, b. 

EVEN TO. B^s, bys, w. ; bis, biz, byz, p. ; besyn, 
bys an, trelebba, w. 

EVEMNG, 8. Gorthuer, w. ; gorthuar, p. ; gothuar, 
gathewer, gurthuwer. gorthewar, gurthuher, w. ; 
gothihuar, b. ; godhuar, godhewar, godhuhar, godhi- 
huar, gydhihwar, w. ; gydhihuar, gydiuhar, b. ; 
gydhyhuar, p. ; gurchuer, w. ; gurchwer, p. ; dowed- 
h^s, w. ; dewethus. dewethes, tlewethyans, p. ; docha- 
geydh, dohadzhedh, w. ; dohaidzheth, b. ; dyhodzhydh, 
dyhodzhedh, w. 

nr THE EVENING, Onrthuper, b. 
ITER, FOB EVER. Bys, by, bcth, r^th, byth, vyth, 
pyth, fyth, bythqueth, bisqneth, bythgweth, bith- 

gueth, pythqucth, bythcth, vvthetb. pythuetht byth- 
weth, w.; bythwatho, c.w, id*>-j ; pythweth, hisqueth, 
bysqueth, bisjjweth, bysgut'th, w. ; bys vickati, c.w. 
7; bys vyckan, c.w. 147; bis vychaa. p.; vyketh, 
If. 693. Kynftny oma vyhih, though we be here for 
ever, m. 89<5 ; viccen, vicken, vycken^ benary. venary, 
w. Yn ponvotler venary, in trouble for cvpr, o.m. 
898; venarye, c.w.; 51 4; l>ys vc-nury* p.; bynary, 
vynary, w. ; unary. P. ; benjtha^ venytha, w, ; bys 
venytha, P. ; bynytha, besgtt, ve^ga^ uerra, nefre» w. ; 
nefere, p. ; neffre, w. Tk6 gom a hrif neffte, thy 
speech proves ever, p.c 1408; ueffre, weffru, yn 
weffra, p ; jammes, w. \ Jammas, p. ; pre^t, c.w* 
997 ; wh&th. wh^th, w ; wurstan, yth worstan, P. 

EVERLASTING, adj. Bythol, vythol, w. ; viskvethek, 
p. ; viskuethek, b. 

EVERY. (Every, every one). Pip, pub, pyb. bub, 
bftp, pop, pob, Cfniver, kenivi^r, cenifer, w. ; kenifer, 
p. ; kanifer, kynifar, b. ; cynive: . kynj ver. cenefra, 
cetep, ketep, kettep, w. ; ^ n kettep, n. Yn ketUp 
yudSf every fellow, p.c. Vioi) ; neb, nep, oil, w. 

EVERY ONE. Pyb behan. w ; pyb behen, peb 61, 
p ; pub huny, K. 267; pup huny, cm, 23J;J; kyni- 
var uoDOD, p.; kynifer uynyn, b.; ketep onen, o,i£< 
2308 ; kettep onen, p. ; kottep pol, p.c, 84 1 . 

EVERY DAY, DAILY. FoynMh, boynMh, w, ; 
k3mifar dzyma, p. ; pubtetholl, b. 

EVERY HEAD. Kettep pol, p. 

EVERY HOUR. PAb eun>, pup erol, p, ; pfirpur, s. 

EVERY SIDE, ON EVERY SIDE. Prepay du, p. ; 
bub tcwe, c.w. 49 ; bub tew, c w. 1 38. 

EVERYWHERE Pup teller, o.m, 579. 

EVERY YEAR. Pob bledhau, p 

tVET, 8. See EFT or NEWT, 

EVIDENT, PLAIN, adj. Da, dah, ur«dy, p. 

EVIDENTLY, adv. Lur, acyie, p. 

EVIL, 8. Droc, drok, w. ; drokt\ c.w. 769; drag, 
w. ; droQg, c.w. 1687 ; troc, w. ; throke. c.w, 9j7 ; 
throog, c.w. 12h7 ; fi41, myscliy^, pla^ w^ K&myB 
drdk, so much evil, p. 

EVIL, adj. Tebel, w. ; tebal, p.; teball, M. 163; 
debel, hager, w. ; hagar, gwan. F. Gwan oAerawe^ 
e\iL deeds, p. 

EVIL DEED. Dr6coleth, dhrocoleth. dmk-culeth, 
drogober, w. ; throog ober, c.w. 1297; gwan ober, p« 

EVIL-DOER, 8. Dr6g-oberor, drochobeior, p. 

EVIL-MINDED, adj. Dr6gbre<leiys, w. ; pedn drog, p, 

EVIL ONE, THE EVIL ONE. Malan. w. ; pK 
PC. 1764. Ctrian ty yv mdp a*n pia, certainly tbou 
art a son of the evil one, p,c. 1764. 

EVIL PRINCIPLE. (The eyH prtnc iplc). Malan, w. 

EVIL THOUGHT. Camdybians, w. ; kabmdybiauiG, r* 

EVIL WORKER, 8. Droch-oberor, w- 

Digitized by 





EXACT, adj^ Ewn, ewen, w. ; eun, p. 

EXACTLY, adv. Harlyth, w. ; piir eun, p. ; poren, 
M. 1810. Marly th my a^n trehy omnia, I will cut it 
exactly here, o.m. "26 1 5. Poren an rena ens, exactly 
those they were, h. 1810. 

EXACTNESS, s. Combrynsy, w. ; combrinsy, p. 
An combrynsy war the ben, the exactness on thy 
head, O.M. 2517. 

EXALT. V. Hwedhy, hfidhy, w. ; h^the, rysye, p. ; 
uchelle, uhelle, yehellas, w. Oto colon yv rnUr hUthye, 
my heart is greatly exalted, r.d. 483. 

TRY. Cahly. Fart. Cablys, p. 

EXAMINATION. «. Cabel, p. 

EXCAVATION, s. (An old one in a mine). Hulk, d. 

EXCEEDING, adj. Uthec, ithic, w. ; ithik, ithig, p. 

EXCELLENCE, s. Dader, dhadder, w. ; deder, b. ; 
tadder, w. ; thadder. p. ; gris, ris, w. ; rdz. p. ; 
PL Grasow, rasow, w. 

EXCKLLENT, adj. Brentyn, bryntyn, w. ; gore, x. 
8018. DSth gore yv devethye, an excellent day is 
come, M. 30i8; gentyl, O.m. 2163. A vrry aisos 
geniyl, ah! Uriah, thou art excellent, o.m. 2153; 
splan, spladn, trauythes, b. 

EXCEPT. Mars, mamas, marnes, mamy (mar-ny), 
memas. menas, w. ; menes. p. War p&p oi mamas 
ty, over all except thee, o.m. 948 ; ponag, poni. w. ; 
pony, p. ; pini. pyni. b. ; lemmyn, w. ; saw. w. ; 
sau, B. Ny kyntcys thy*m saw peder, he named none 
to me except Peter, b.d. 916. 

EXCEPTION, *. Nam, w. 

EXCHANGE, v. Newidio, scos, b. ; scoce, d. 

EXCITK, V. Desethy. amsevy, w. 


EXCOMMUNICATE, v. Scemyna, w. ; skemyna, 
p. ; omscemyny, 3 mocemyoy, w. ; omsceminy, p. 

EXCOMMUNICATED, part. Emscumunys, jrmscem. 
unys. w. ; emskemmunys, b. 

EXCREMENT, s. C&c. cauch. cau, cauh, w. ; kauh, 
B. ; gau, w. To void excrement, Caca, w. 

EXCUSE, V. Kaunscuse. p. 

EXCUSE, s. Cavanscis, cavanskis, w. ; kauvanskis. 
p. ; flous, w. £f a*n pren silr wythovtflous, he shall 
surely pay for it without excuse, p.c. 1346 ; deslam, 
B. ; distain, p. 

EXCUSER, s. Diffennor, w. ; diffencr, b. 

EXECRATE, v. Molletha, moUethia, molythia, w. 

thians. w. 

EXECUTE. V. (Perform, do). Dyswul, dyswyl, p. 
Rdk dyswyl eistenyon, to execute justice, p. 

EXETER CITY, s. Xar^sk, b. 

EXILE, AN EXILE, s. Divr&, w. ; diures, p. 

EXILED, part. ExUys, p. TO EXILE. Fy^, b. 

EXIST, V. Bew, pew, bewe, bewa, tow, vewe, w. 

EXIST or TO BE, v. Bos, bones, bonas, vos, bosa 
(poetically), w. 

EXISTENCE or LIFE. s. Bewnans, vewnans, w.; 
beunans. bounaz. vewuas, b. 

EXPAND, t;. Lese, w. 

EXPENSE, COST or CHARGE, *. Cost, w, ; sam, 
w ; '' I'll stand sam,'' t.^., I'll pay the cost, is often 
used in Cornwall. 

EXPERT, adj. Skientic, w. ; skientik, p, sl^v, w. 

EXPERTNESS, s. Sleyveyth, w. 

EXPIATE, V. Pema, prenne, w. ; prenna, pryne; p. ; 
pr\ nny. w. lie shall expiate. Pren, 3 pers. s. fat 
of pfennig to expiate, T. ; 

EXPLOIT, f. Deray, w. 

EXPRESSLY, ado. Poran, p. 

EXTASY, s. Trangiak, b. 

EXTEND, v. Ystyne, w. 

EXTENDED, adj. Tot, w. M6r tdt, the ocean, or 
the extended sea. 

EXTENDED THING, s. Tenewen, temewan, tome- 
wan, tymewan, w. ; temehuan, p. ; denewan, w. 

EXTENSIVE, a<^-. Ledan, w. 

EXTENT, THE EXTENT, s. Ewhe, b. 

EXTINGUISH. V. Defydh, w.; defyth, deveth, p.; 
dufydh, dufydhy, defydhy, difydhy, w. ; difytlii, p. 

EXTOL, V. Eysye, w. ; rysy, b. 

EXTREMELY, o^^r. Veyll, b. 

EXTREMITY, s. (End). Cur, gur, pen, pedn, w.; 
pednan, p. ; mein, min, meyn, w. ; meen, b. 

EYE, s. Lagat, w. ; llygud, b. ; lagas, w. ; legadi- 
ho, B. ; lagaz, p. PI. Lagasow. (For eyes in 

EYES, s. (i.e., the two eyes). Dewlagas, dhewlagas, 
w. ; dew-lagas, p. 

EYED, adj. Lagadec, lygadzhac, w. 

EYE-BALL, s. Byn an lagat, b. 

EYE, s. (The weather eye). Lagas auel, b. 

EYEBROW, s. Abrans, b. 

EYEBROWS, s. Bleu an lagat, p. ; bleuenlagat, b. 


This letter in Cornish ** is both a radical and a second- 
ary, when radical in early Cornish it was also immut- 
able. When secondary it is the aspirate mutation d 
p, as pen, a head ; ow fen, my head ; agafon, their 

Digitized by 




In Cornish,/, is also a regular matation of b and m, by 
hardening v after certain particles ; thus bpdh, will 
be ; ^y a rpdh, thou sbalt be ; afpdh ny, we shall be. 
£rdi, great; yn frds, greatly; mds, good; yn fda, 

In the Ordinalia/ is often found after particles which 
always soften the initials, and the following sentence 
furnishes an instance of this confusion. 

N^p na cry 9 fiy fydh sylwys, na gans Dew ny vydh tryyys, 
he that believes not shall not be saved, nor with (iod 
shall he dwell. In these cases /had the sound of v, 
as in the modem Welsh, (see Lhuyd, 227). 

In the latest days of the existt>nce of the language, / 
had a mutation like b, and m, into v. Lhuyd, 241, 
gives as an instance, ford/i, a way ; an vordh, the way. 
He also mentions another mutation of / into A, as 
Jldh, a child ; a'n hldh, of the child ; dhe'n hldh, to 
the child," w. Lex. Com. Hrit. 

FACE, 9. (Surface). Bedgeth, w. ; badgeth, p. ; bud- 
geth, B. Budgeth an dour, the face of the deep, 
(water) b. ; veys, o.m. 24. The'n ndr vey9 may fe 
dyUys, that it may be dropped on the face of the 
earth ; f^th, fyth, w. ; iath, f&s, p. 

FACE. 9. (Countenance). Enep, enap, ffeth, fyth, 
w. ; fath, f4s, P. ; mein, b. 

FACETIOUS, adf\ Avlethis, p. ; avlethys, w. 

FACT, A FACT, #. Gwythree, wythies, w. ; wyth, p. 

FACTION, 9. (Party). Herwyth, p. 

FAIL, r. Difygy. dyfygy, w. ; dyfyg, thyfyk, p. ; 
fyUel, fyUeU, falle, pally, w. 

I WILL FAIL. Fallaf, the aspirate mutation of 
pallaf, 1 pers. s, fut. of paiiy, w. 

FAIL OR FAILING, 9. Fall, w. ; fal, p. ; fellas, 
fallad. w. ; falladow, m. 12; fyllel, p. Hep fal, 
without fail, p. Uep falladow, without fail, m. 12. 
Htb faUadnwe, without fail, c w. 107. Hep fyllel, 
without felling, p. 

FAILING, adj. Mothow, w. 

FAIN WOULD. Porris, b. 

Faint, v. Clamdere, w. ; clamdery, p. ; dyene, tyene, 

lacca, w. ; lacka, p. 
FAINT OR SWOON, 9, Clamder, w. 
FAINT, ad). (Weary). Squyth, scith, w. ; skith, p. 

Faint, adj. (Weak and illV Wingarly, b. This 

word is still used. 
FAIR, 9. (Mart). F^r, w. ; feur, b. 

Fair, adj. (Beautiful, fine). T^c, tek, w. Ow 
formyi tih ha dyblane, me create fair and bright, o.m. 
87 ; teak, b. ; teke, c.w. 94 ; teake, c.w. 412 ; teek, 
teage, th^k, p. ; t^g, d^k, d§g, w. ; deke, c.w. 627 ; 
gwyn, w. ; guyn, gudn, gu^n, p. ; gain, cain, gain- 
or, b. ; w^n, wyn, p. ; gl^n, w. Yn hanow dv ty 
mdr gldn, in the name of God, thou fair sea, o.m. 
1675; gulftn, 14n, elyn, ylyn, w. Miueger ylyn 

woloumf fair messenger welcome ; caer, bcl. This 
last word is the same as the French belle, perhipfl M 
is older than belle. 

FAIRER, adj. T^cach, t^cah, t^cka, UU, tecke, 
tekke, w. 

FAIREST, adf. T^ca, teka, t^kea, w. 

FAIRING. 9. (Sweets bought at a fair). Ferau, p, 

FAIRLY, adv. Dygh, p. 

FAIRNESS, 9. (aeamess, beauty). Teeter, tekter, 
w. ; dekter, 2935. Jfar a mynna, dre dekitr^ he will 
through fairness, m. 2935. 

FAIRY, 9. Pisky, b. This is still a common word in 
Cornwall where they also call a moth a pieky. Sprig- 
gan, nuggie, n. 

FAITH, 9. FMh, fydh. w. ; fyth, b. , f^th. p, j fey, 
fay, w. ; f4s, p. RUmfey, by my faith. 

FAITH, 9. (Belief). CrM, ores, kr^z, gr^a, w, ; 
grez, gris, b. ; crygyans, kridzhans, kredzhanz, p. ; 
grjgyans, w. See CREED and BELIEF. 

FAITH, {i.e., good faith, loyalty). Laute, w, 
FAITHFUL, adj. Lei, leU, leal, w. 

FAITHFULLY, ad/o. Yn l^n, w. ; Un, o.m. 1496. 
Na allane I4n y 9ervya, that they may not f aithfuUj 
serve him, o m. 1496. 

FALCON, 9. Falhun, falbun, w. 

FALL OR TRIP, *. Lithriad, w, 

FALL, 9. Fauns, b. This is a wrestling tenn, 

FALL, 9. (As from above). Towl. dowl, w. ; doul, 
p. ; dowle, c.w 420. Galla9 genaf hager dmvk, there 
has gone with me an ugly fall, c.w. 420 ; lam, w. ; 
kedha, b. 

A HEAVY FALL. Qualk, d. 

FALL, V. Codhe, codha. w. ; kodha, cotha, p.; 
cydha, w. ; kydha, p. ; godhe, godho, w, ; gotha, 
p. ; basse, bashe, omdesevy, w. ; tremens, ?, ; 
skydnya, c.w. 2208. 

HE FELL. Godhas, a mutation of cddhae, 3 pert, s, 
preter. of o6dha, to fall, w. 

HE WILL FALL. Godh, a mutation of c6dh, 3 pera, 
s. fut. of codha, to fall, w. 

FALL, V. (To fall down). Cubma, «umma, w. j 
kubma, dyskynne, scydnya, skydnya, w, ; dodef, p, 

FALL, V. (To occur, to fall out, to happen). Dyg* 
wydha, w. ; digwyddo, b. ; wharfos, w. 

FALLEN, part, Cothys, cothas, kydhas, gathya, b« , 
desefys, p. ; clathoree, b. 

FALLOW DEER, 9. Da, ewig luyd, w. 
FALLOW GROUND, 9. Ton, t6dn, p. 

Digitized by 




FALSE, adj. (Lying). Guac, gow, fala, fouls, w. ; 
falge, M. 777. 

FALSE, adj. (Spurious). Basa, p. Basa dow, false 
gods, p. 

^FALSEHOOD, $. Gowegneth. w. ; gouegneth, p. ; 
gouegueth, b. ; (?) £dk gvwegnsth n^ fforaf, for I 
do not love falsehood, k.d. 906 ; falsury, w. ; 
fallsurye, c.w. 533 ; falsney, b. ffep feynty* na 
/aiiury, without deceit or falsehood, P.O. 1478. 

FALSEHOOD, s. (A lie. a falsehood). Gow, gou, 
w, ; gowe, c.w, 65 ; wow, ow, w. PI. Gewan, 
w. ; geuan, p. ; stram. n. 

FALSIFY, V. Gowea, w. ; gouea, b. ; gova, w. 

FALSELY, adv, Falslych, w. ; falsury, b. 

FALSENESS, «. Fallad, fallas, w. 

FAME, 8. Gerda, w. ( Oer da, a good word). 

FAMILIAR, adj. Cooth, w. 

FAMILY, $. (Household). Cosgor, kosgar, w. ; 
goscorthi, p. ; goskordhy, b. ; tcilu, teulu, w. 

FAMILY, s. (Sort, kind). Echen, hechen, h^en, 
ehen, w. ; ehiii.. p. 

FAMILY, s. (Tribe). Leid, leith, luyte, w. ; Iwyth, 
ti^s, tiiz, t^z, tis, tiz, di^z, diz, b. 

FAMOUS, adj. GeHitda, w. 

FAN, 8. Guinzal, p. ; q.d. all wind. 

FANCY, NOTION, or CONCEIT, 8. Yang, d. 

FAR, adj. (Distant, remote, long). Pell, pel, bell, 
w. ; Tel, yelha, b. Ytna moy8e8 pel yyUy8^ Moses is 
far gone, o.h. 1682. 

FARNES8, 8. Peldar, c.w. 1861. 

FAR OFF. Oer. ker, kerr, cerdh, kerdh, kerth. p. 
(A journey, quite a journey.) 

B. ; bene-tu-gana, w. 

FARDLE, 8. Pusom, w. 

FARM, 8. Gw^l, gweal, gueal, b. A 8maU farm or 
home8teady Dijey, d. 

FARMER. 8 Tyac, tiak, w. ; tyack, p. ; tioc, tyoc, 
dyac, dyack, gonedhic, gonydhic, w. ; gonethick, p. ; 
gonythick, w. , guikyr, b. See DEALER for this 
last word. 

FARRIER, 8. Ferror, w. 

FART, V. Bramm^, vramm^, w. 

FART, 8. Bram. PI. Bremm}n, w. 

FARTHER. Pellach. pell, felha, velha, w. 

FARTHEST, adf\ Gwnrrah, b.t. 

FARTHING, #. Peuare, p. 


FASHION, r. Formy^, dythgthtya, w. ; schapy, 
p. ; wonys, b. 


FASHION, 8. (Shape, form). Gwfedh, w. 
FASHION, 8. (Manner). Fest, p. 
FASHIONABLE, adj. (Honoros, Lat.) Enir, henir, 

ynir, b. 
FAST, V. (As penaiico). Penys, p. 

FAST. (Eagerly, quickly). Duwhans, dewhans, 
dywhans, w. 

FAST, SECURE, adj. Thowhans, tewans F0 
thewafu, per tewaM, Tery fast or secure, b. ; start, b. 

FAST, adj. (Ouick)). Fast, fest, stric, strik, w. 

FAST, 8. (Fastness). Fastsens, b. 

FAST, 8. (A fasting). Tynys, p. 

FASTEN, V. Faste, fastye, lacie, w. ; lychy, p. 

FASTEN, V. (To bind). Celmy, kelmy, cybny, 
kylmy, w. ; kelma, colmye, b. ; colma, gylmy, w, 

FASTEN, V. (To tack together). Taccie, taccye, 
takkye, w. ; takkia, p. 

FASTEN, V. (As with a bit of wood). Premie, 
pyn •, w. 

HE SHALY FASTEN. Pyn. 8 pers s. fat of 
pyfte. w. 

FASTING, 8. Denseth, p. 

FASTNESS, 8. (Quickness). Fastsens, b. 

FAT, 8. Blonec. blonit, seym, saim, b. 

FAT, adf. Bor, berric, soath, w. ; tew, b.; tea. p.; 
itbik, B. 

FATHER, *. Tit. t4d, tis. w. ; t4«, b. ; tase, c.w. 
12; tace, c.w. 2118; tays, m. 497; this, w.; 
thiz, B. ; thays, m. 280; dis, w. ; days, m. ; 878; 
cir. w. ; rera. (Seamen, Me.) PL Tassow. Eii 
father^ y das, V. 

FATHER or SIHE, *. Sira, seera. As thus, eeera 
ha damma, sire and dame, w. 

BY MY FATHER! Renothas, w. ; renauthas, p. 

FATHER-IN-LAW, e. Hwigei-en. w. ; hwegeren. p.; 
huigeren, altrou, b. 

FATHEllLESS. adf. Diolaeht, dileuchta, b.; 
dileakta, Afatheerle88 child. Diolaeht, dileakta, p. 

FATHERLY, adj. Tisek, m. 2852. Tkynny «f 
hofUi tdnah, to us be fatherly, x. 2852. 

FATIGUE, V. F^tha, f^ttiy, w. 

FATIGUE. 8. Squythens, w. ; squytzder, b. 

FATIGUED, adj. Squyth, w.; sk^h, scuia, i. See 

FATNESS, 8. Blonek, b, ; heni, tewder, w. ; teuder, 

FAULT, vr. Aoheson (? if tiiis be a plural i>f ^dM,) 
w ; dyfout, ditfout, b. ; fall, w. ; &1, p. ; nam, w. ; 
guyd, kMbai, b. ; gyll, p. ; gyl^ «.ii ^59. Brh 
ihsyyethap I^«m^/, a tree £ara])eam withoutiiale 
or fault, on. 2559. 

Digitized by 





FAULT-FINDER, t. Baiewl, b. 

FAVOUR, #. GiAth, grayth, grif, w. 

FAWN, #. (The animal). Leau-ewig, loch-ewic, b. ; 
loch euhio, p. 

FEAR, V. OwDE, w. ; ouna, p. 

FEAR, 8, Own, w. ; onn, p. ; owne, c.w. 561. 

FEARFUL, ad/. Ounek, w. Nag awoi den vyt ovnek, 
not fearful of any man, o.x. 2158. 

FEASIBLE, adf. HMh, hogul, w. 

FEASIBLY, adv. H^, hy, ho, w. 

FEAST, #. Gnledh, lein, prez-baz, b. 

A SEA-BIRD'S FEAST. Qyne. Mr. Dunn, Meva- 

FEAST, #. (A merriment). Lit, b. A tinnerU fsaai. 
Troil, duggle, d. 

FEATHER, #. Pluven, plyven, plyvan, blyven, PL 
HAv, plyv, pliv, w. 

FEATHER-BED, s. Gwille pUr, p. 

FEBRUARY. #. Huevral, * *., hu evral, the whirling 
month, p. ; hwevral, hwerval, w. ; (Borlase says it is 
oorruptly written huerval) miseheurer, b. 

FEE, ». Gk)byT, gobar, gober, w. ; gubar, gobr, guu, 

g«, P. 
FEEBLE, ad;. Gwan, wan, w. ; g^uan, guadn, p. ; 

trewesy, dreuesy, b. 

FEED or LUNCHEON, «. Crowst, crouse, d. 

FEED, V. Methia, cafos, cafus, p. ; maga, w. 

FED, part. Megys, mygys, w. 

FEEDING-TIME, s. Prez-buz. b. 

FEEDING-PLACE, *. Methian, p. 

FEKDING-GROUND. *. (For cattle), Gwerwels. w. ; 
guemelz. p. ; bounder, vounder, w. 

FEEL, V. Cothewel, gotheuel, wothaf. Thewotkafan 
itreauiow, to feel the strokes, p. 

YE FELT. Wethough, p. 

FEEL, V. (Handle). Dava, w. 

FEEL, V. (i.e., to feel one's self). Ymsensy, w. 

FEIGN, V. Plosi, plose p. ; fekyll, b. ; fugio, figio, 
w. ; omwrelle, ymwyl, omwrey, ymwrey, w. 

FEIGN, TO FEIGN ONE'S SELF, v. Omwreyth, p. 

FEIGNED, jwr^ Fekyl, b. 

FEINT, ». Feyntys, w. 

FELLOW, 8. (Mate, colleague, companion). Coweth, 
cowyth, w. ; kywedh, p. ; cywedh, cywedhiad, w. ; 
kywedhiad, p. ; chet, w. 

FELLOW, e. (One of two, match). Cele, gel6, gQe. 
w. ; gela, C.W 10o3 ; p4r, w. ; hyller (?) p. 

FELLOW, s. (A low, mean person). Gw&s, w. ; 
gwase, c.w. 158; guds, w. ; guAz, b. ; wis, w, ; 

w&z, B. ; iaudyn, p.c. 1691. Py hanowyv a*n iaudyn^ 
what is the name of the fellow? p.c. 1691; Sham* 
mick, II. 

A WICKED FELLOW. Wdz teble, b. 

A DIRTY FELLOW. Caugh wis, p.c. 2103 ; kau- 
geon, PC 2291. 

A TIMID FELLOW. Ownec, ownek, w. ; ounak, P. 

A MEAN FELLOW. Goaeldgu, boudhyn, b. 

A GOOD FELLOW. Cowyth mds, p.c. 602. Lauar 
thy*mmo eowyth mde, tell me, good fellow, p.c. 602. 

also FOOL. 

FELLOWS, i. (Meun persons). Gwesion, the plural 
of gwde ; guesyon, h. 3803 ; gnscas, an irr^:ular plural 
of gwde or guae, a fellow. 

FELLOWSHIP, ». (Communion). Cowethyans, w. ; 
cuntillyans, contellyans, cuntellyans, p. 

FELON, «. Esquet. b. 

FEMALE, 9. Benen, venen, banen, bynen, vynen, 
bynyn, vynyn, ben. ven, benaw, benow, w. 01 ow 
ti$ gour ha henen, all my people, male and female p.c. 
768. PI. Benow, o.h. lOi'2. Oorow ha benow de/ty, 
males and females really, o.m. 1022. 

A FEMALE. (Any female). Cansgiir, b. 

FEMALE-KIND, «. Benenriw, w. ; benen-rid b. 

FEMALE COMPANION. Cowethfes, howeth^s, w. 

FEN, i. Cors, tir devrak, w. ; derrak, winnick, why* 
nick, p. 

FENCE, V. (To he«lge). Dho ke.iz, p. 

FENCE, OR HEDGE, *. C^, w. ; U, p. ; g^ w, A 
low hedge or rough fence. Gurgo, D. 

FENCE OR DITCH, s. ClMh, klMh, gledh, w. ; 
kleudh, klM, cleuth, clawd, fos, vos, b. 

FENCED, adj. Vallic, w. ; vallick, vallack, p. ; gwal- 
lie, wallic, w. 

FENNEL, s. Fenochel, funil, w. 

FENNY, adj. Gwinic, winnic, w. ; winny, p. TVr 
devrak, fenny land, b. M6rva, Fenny place near the 
sea. w. 

FERN, 9. Raden, redan, b. This is given by Williams 
as a plural for feme. 

FERN-BRAKE, s. Redanan, b. and p. 

FERN-COCK, 8. Keliok reden, b. This is a provin- 
cial name for a small brown beetle used in fishing, 
sometimes called ferny-cock, and fern-web. It is 
the melolontha horticola, of the naturalist. 

FERRET, *. (The animal). Yeugen, w. ; yeigen, b. ; 
yeocheUy p. 

FERRUGINOUS EARTH. Gossan, gozan. This is 
the common name still used by miners. It is the 
rusty ochre of iron. Gossan is the name for the 

Digitized by 





' course, bed, broil, or back of a lode. Hence the pbraee 
" keenly gossan," «.«., a promising lode. 

FERRYMAN, s. Porthwjs, b. 

FERTILITY, $. ' Waltowat, w. ; paltowat, b. 

FERVENT, adj. Fr^th, w. 

FERVOUR,*. Fr^th, p. 

FESTIVAL, JT. Degl, goQ, gol, w. Ov gdl a veth Buer, 

my festival shall be surely. 
FETCH, V, Cerches, kerches, cerhes, kerhes, w. ; 

kyrhas, n. ; kerhez, p. ; gerhes, w. ; gerhaz, p. ; cyr- 

ches, w. ; kerghas, kergh, kyrgh, p. ; cerchy, w. 
HE FETCHED. Gerhas. A mutation of cerhat, 3 

pers. 8. preter. of cerhdsy to fetch, w. 

HE MAY FETCH. Gercho. A mutation of cervho, 
8 pers. s. subj. of cerchix, to fetch, w. 

HE WILL FETCH. Cerch, 8 pers. s. fut. of cerchy, 
to fetch, and also meaning, fetch thou, 2 pers. s. 

FETCH, V. (Roach, take). Fethe, fethy, hedh^s, 
hedhy, w. ; hedha, hethe, hethas, p. Dtvn the 
leihas tha banowe, let us come to fetch him to pains, 
C.W. 1714. 

FETID, adj. Flerys, w. ; flayrys, c.w. 2248. 

FETTEll, 9. Fu, fuel, hual, w. ; carhar, k. 3686. 

FETTERS, s. Carharov, m. 8686. The or thy e an 
carharoVf from thee the fetters, x. 3686. 

FETTERED, BOUND, adf. Golmas, b. 

FEUD, «. (An old family feud). Corrosy, corresy, 
corrizee, d. 

FEVER, A FEVER, $. Derthen, w. 

FEVERFEW, s. L^sderth, Us derthen, w. ; bothem, 
D. (Pyreihrum parthenium). 

FEW, adj. Tanow, tanaw, tanau, w. T(U yv tanaw, 
are few people, b.d. 2462. 

FEW, «. (A few). Neb^s, w. ; nebas, c.w. 880; 
nebas, p. 

FICKLE, adj. Fykyl, p. 

FICTION, i. Feyntys, w. 

FIDDLE, $, Crowd, w. ; kroude, b. A word still in 

FIDDLE, V. Crowdy, n. 

FIDDLER, t. Crowder, w. ; groudel, b. ; harfellor, 

Jl FEMALE FIDDLER Fellor^B, w.; haifeUor^s, p. 

FIELD, i. Gwti, gweal, w. ; guel, ex. 1187 ; gueal, 
, b. ; goeel, p. I^reigh yn guel nag yn prdM^ dry land 
in field or in meadow, o.k. 1187 ; gw6n, w. ; gwaeth, 
weeth, b. Prennys da gw^ yn nSp U, bought a good 
field in some place, p.o. 1644; giin, goon, guen, g6n, 
mte, w. , m^z, p. ; meas, w. ; meys, p. ; maes, v^, 
w. ; tr, erw, b. ; em, pare, w. ; park, p. ; ct, gt, w. ; 

kae, t^r, b. Borlase hat kae but this is probably a 
misprint for kae, 


A FAIR FIELD. Er t*g, b. 

A PLAIN FIELD. Guew, b. ; -m^s, maes, meas, w. 

IN THE FIELD. Am^s. w. 


A LARGE FIELD. Wyth, b. 

A SMALL FIELD. Weethan, d. 

A FIELD UPON THE BOTTOM. Pare erizy, f. 
(in a valley). 

A FIELD OF FLAX. Kealinec, p. 

FIELD-FARE, «. (The bird) Mola-l&s, w. ; mola. 
l&z. suellak, swellak, b. . The last name is still used 
in the Cornish dialect. 

FIELD-MOUSE, *. Logoden, p. 

Diowles, dzhowles, w. ; dzhoules, p. 

FIENDS, 8. Lawan, c.w. 1721 ; lawethan, w. Bel- 
iebuc ha lawethan, Beelzebub and fiends, b.b. 138; 
Ha my caugeon lawethan, and my dirty fiends, b.]>. 
37. .See DEVILS. 

FIERCE, (u^*. Clor, glor, b. Xyn Uffone y vythmm 
elor, though they come ever so fierce, b.b., 892; 
garow, harow, w. ; gai-ou, khuero, b. ; garo, g^iariow, 
p. ; hager, w. ; hyll, b. ; w6th, frtth, w. ; ffir, p. 

FIERY, adj. (Red, bright gold colour, shining). 
Oyrec, oyrek, p. ; oyrech, b. 

FIFE, 8. Tolcom. Lit. A holed horn. 

FIFTEEN". Pemp-dek, pymthek, b. ; p3rmthec, pern- 
dhac, w. ; pemdhak, pymthag, p. ; pempthack, b. 

FIFTEENTH. Pemp degvas, ir. 

FIFTH. Pempas, w, ; pempaz, pempes, p. ; pymp^s, 
w. ; pympas, c.w. 106, 

FIFTY. D^g ha dugans, w. ; d^g ha duganz, p. dek 
ha deugans, v. Lit. Ten and two twenties, Haa- 
ter cans, 3f . ; banter canz, p. Lit. Half a hundred. 

FIG, #. Gala, p. 

FIGS, 8. Figes, w. Figh ledan, Broadfigs. Figkm 
hotd, Raisins. Lit. Figs of the sun. 

FIGHT, V. Emlodh, w. ; hemlodh, p. ; emladh, w. ; 

hemladh. p. ; emladJia. omdhal, w. 
FIGHT, 8. Emlodh, b. 
FIGURE, 8. (Form). Furf, fuw, fu, roath, gwidh, 

w^dh, weydh, w^Ui, w. 

FILAMENT or THREAD, 8. Hurle, b. 

FILE, 8. (Tool). Heschen, b. 

FILL, 1^. (To fill, to fill up). Colenwel, ooUenwaL 
oovlenwel, w. ; kovlenuel, p. ; coullenwel, oowlenwal 
gowUenwell, p ; golenwall, o.w. 468 ; lenwell, I 
w. ; Iflna, p. 

Digitized by 





FILLET or BAND, s. Funen, suod, w. 

FILTH, «. Plos, lued, lath, mostethes, vostethes, w. ; 
Toteh^, p. 

FILTHY, adf. Plosec, plosek, luedic, w. ; luedik, 
gagle, p. ; gesgle, gassic, caugeon, cangyon, w. ; 
' casa, gasa, gasow, caugh, cough, cawys, casalek, p. 

A FILTHY FELLOW. Plosek guds, caugyon, kau- 
geon, p. ; caugeon, cauchwds, w. ; caugh. wis, casa- 
dow, p. 

FINAL, ad/. Fin, fyn, w. 

FINALLY, adv. Yn fyn, wostewMh, w. ; wostew^th, 
p. ; wotewedh, w. ; woteweth, p. 

FIND, V, Cafos, cafus, w. ; kauaz, p. ; cafes, cayos, 
w. ; cavoz, p. ; cavas, cawas, gafus, gafos, w. ; caf6, 
gafe, B. ; rykavaz, p. ' dascevian, w. ; dazkevian, 
kefyth, geyfyth, kefer, p. ; cafel, cavel, gavel, gaval, 
cael, w. ; kael, p. ; gael, trovia, w. ; trouvia, cothas, 
steva, B. ; ganno p. Na ganno iru, that he find not 
sorrow, p. JV» tteva whans, found no desire, b. 

I FIND. Cassaf, p. ; gafe, b. ; (? cslssbI for cafEaf, 

IF I FIND. Marath cassaf, p. ; (? marath caf af.) 

WE FIND. Cafons. b. 

HE DID FIND. Oef^, geve, mutations of ce/4, 8 
pers. 8. imp. of ea/o9, to find. 

I SHALL FIND. Caffaf, cafaf, cavaf, cyffyth, 
kyfiyth, and the mutations, gajffaf, gavaf, &c., I 
pers. s. fut. of cafos, to find, w. 

SHALL FIND. Kyfl, p. 

THOU SHALT FIND. Cefyth, cevyth, and gefyth, 
geyyth, the mutations of cefyth, cevyth, 2 pers. s. 
fat. of cafQ9, to find, w. 

HE SHALL FIND. Gefyth, gevyth, mutations of 
cevyth, 3 pers. b. fut. of cafue, to find, w. 

WE SHALL FIND. Cefan, cefyn, caflan, kefyn, 
cyffyn, ky%n, and the mutations gefyn, &c., of 
oefyn, te., 1 pers. pi. fut. of eafoe, to find w. 

TE SHALL FIND. Cefouch, 2 pers. pi. fut. of 
eefoe, to find, w. 

THAT I MAY FIND. May gesso, p. 

HE MAY FIND. Caffo, ceffo, and their mutations, 

gaffo, geffo, w. 
THEY MAY FIND. Cefons, kefons, w. 
FIND, V. (Find fault). Canvas, w. 
FIND, 9. (To find out). Convedhas, w.; convethas, 

ryguelas, p. 
FINE, adj (Perfect). Fyn, feyn, w. ; fein, p. 

FINE, edj. (Slender, thin). Muin, moiu, moyn, 
min, w. 

FINE, adf. (Handsome). T«c, XXk, t^, w.; teek, 
thtk, teage, p. 

nNByt. (A fine). SpAl, w. A word rtiU much used. 

FINGEH, «. Bes, w. ; hez, p. ; bis, bys, w. ; pte, b. 
The word is also used for toe, b. 

FINGERS, #, Bosias, w. ; bozias, b. ; boziaz, p. ; 
bysias, bessi, w. ; boss, b. 

THE MIDDLE FINOElt. B^s cr^s, w. 

FINGER OR TOE NAIL. Ewin, euin, iwin, w. 

FINGER-STALL, s. Besgan, biscan. Bieean {and 
veskin,) is still used in the Cornish dialect. 

FINISH, V. Dewedhy, dewedh6, dhewedh6, w. ; 
dewethe, p. ; diwedhe, dywedh6, w. ; dho diuadha, p. 

FINISHED, part. Dywydhys, &c., w. 

FIR TREE, 8, Aidhlen, aidlen, adlen, sibuit, saban, 
zaban. See also PINE. 

FIRE, V. (?) Pryce gives tefyia, but fire must be a 
misprint for ti^. See FIRE. 

FIRE, 4. Tdn, tane, than, p. ; taen, m. 2093 ; dAn, 
p. May tewd an tdn wharr^, that the fire may kindle 
soon, P.O. 1221. Yma 61 an coy e gam taen, all the 
wood is on fi^e, x. 2093. A ddn, of fire, p. Dour 
ha thdn, water and fire, p. 

FIRE-BRAND, *. Tewen, tehen. Williams gives 
this for a quenched firebrand. Borlase gives tewyn, 
for firebrand. Itheu, w. ; a doubtful word. 

A BURNING FIRE-BRAND. Colan leskis, w. ; 
kolan leskiz, or kolan, p. 

FIRE-PLACE, *. Foe, fok, f6g, w. 

FIRE-SHOVEL, #. R^? tftn, w. 

FIRE-SIDE or HEARTH, e Shimbla, w. 

FIRE- WOOD, $. Cinnis, kinnis, w. ; kynnSs, b. ; 
cunys, kunys, w. ; tin prynner, o.m. 1290. 

FIRM, adj. (Secure). Start, b. ; prive, w. ; bolk, n. 

FIRM, adj. (Steadfast). Tto, tyn. Tn tohyn tin, 
as a firm token, w. ; thyaseth, p. May hallovgh ho 
thyaeeth, that you may be (firm) steadfast ; spema- 
byll, spemafyU, b. ; spemas, p. 

FIRMAMENT, #. Ebron, ybron, ebam, ebbam, w. ; 
ybom, ybbem, p. ; fyrvan, firmament, w. 

FIRST. (The first, chief). Cenea, kensa, kensa, 
kinsa, cynsa, kynsa, kynse, w. ; kinso, p. ; kynso, 
o.x. 2162 ; heuz, b. 

FIRST. (Before, before that). Cen, ken, cyn, kyn, w. 

dalleth, w. ; en dallah, p. ; wostalleth, w. 

FISH, V. Pisgetta, w. ; pysgettfl, b. 

FISH, «. Pise, pisk, p. ; pisch, b. ; peso, pesk, pybc, 
pysk, pysg, p. ; pyzgh, pysga, pusgar, b. 

pysgez, b ; pysgai, 

FISHES, $. Pusces, pusk^s, w. 
pysgys, B. ; puskat, c.w. 107. 

A DRY SALT FISH. Scalpion, n. 

SALT FISH. Peso iftl, peak zAl^ p. 

DECAYED FISH. Mun, n. Used for manure. 

Digitized by 





BAIT). Scethan, d. 

BODY OF FISH. Scry, soiy, d. 

FISH-BLADDER, ». Cowl, b.t. 

FISHERMAN, #. Piflcadur, pysgadyr, w. ; pysgadar, 
rethemid, b. 

FIBH-BEALER, ». (Itinerant). Jowder, jowter, 
jowster, chowter, n. 

FISHING, ». (A fishing). Pisgetta, pjagetta, b. 


FISH-HOOK. «. Hig, hyg, ig, w. 

FISH-POND, $. Hisclin, pisclyn, b. ; pisc-liri* p. 

FISHING-BOAT, s. Sc&th rik, w. Lit, A net-boat. 

FIST, i. Dom, dhom, durn, daom, w. ; pud, o. 

FIT, adj. (Suitable). Oioyw, w. ; babal, able, p.; 
kyyadhas, b. 

FITCHET or FITCHEW, #. Milgy, p. 

FITNESS, s. Composter, w. 

FIVE. Pemp, pymp, w. ; pym, r.d. 867. 

FIVE HUNDRED. Pymp cans, w. 

FLAG, s. (The plant). Elestren, w. 

FLAG, V. (To grow weak). Gwedhra, w. ; guedhra, 

FLAGGING, part Guedrys. In the Cornish dialect 
a mao who is feeling woiJl says he is queetfy. 

FLA.GON or CAN, ». Eniskan, b. ; canna, w. ; kan- 
na, p. 

FLAIL, $. Fiist. fyst, vAst, vyst, w. ; vysk, b. The 
leather that joins the two pieces of wood in a flail 
is called the keveran. 

FLAME, 8. Flam, w. 

FLAME, V. Tewe, tewye, p. ; tewy. tiwy, dewy, 
dywy, w. 

FLANK, s. Tenewen, denewan, temewan, tomewan, 
tymewan, w. ; temehuan, p. ; tameuhon. b. 

FLAP, 8 (.1 valve; the flap of the breeches). Bai- 
lee, valloc, w. 

FLAT, adj. Plat, w. 

FLAT-IRON, f. Stile, d. 

FLATTER, v. Fecyl, soth, w. 

FLATTERY, 8. Fecylther, flous, w. 

FLAX, s. Lin. Ijn, w. 

FLEA, 8. Hwanen, w. ; huanen, b. ; whannon, hwad- 
nen. w. ; huadnan, p. ; huadnen, b. ; hyannen, p. 
Ft Whidden. w. 

FLED, part Ombdenas, fyas, b. 

FLEE, V. Fyi, eflyi, gwevye, chuyyyan, Tyryan, 
w. ; soosy, skusy, p. ; skesy, b. ; pony£, p. ; ponya, 
B. ; poyny^, ponnia, p. ; punnya, ponnya ker, pun* 
nio, B. 

FLEECE, 9. Cnta. w. ; knen, p. 

A FLEECE OF WOOL. Cn^ glin, w. ; kntii, 

FItEET, 8. Lnn lestri, w. Lit A host of ships. 

FLESH, #. Cigi kig, w. ; kyg, b. ; eye, kyc, w. ; 
kych, B. ; chic, gtc, gyc, gyk, w. ; gyke, aw. 352. 

FLESH-BRUSH, 8. Streil, b. 

FLESH-COLOURED, aty\ Clglin, w. ; klgliu, b. 

FLESH-FORK or SPIT, #. Clgver. Wguer, w. ; kin- 
guer, (r)B. 

FLEXIBLE, a^'. Hyblyth, w. 

FLEXION, *. Pl*g, pl*k. pWth, w. 

FLIGHT, 8. Fo, w. ; flo, b. ; huez, p. 

A FAR OR HIGH FLIGHT. Pel huez, p. 

FLING, «. Dool, dowle, p. See also FALL. 

FLING, V. Stlapa, b. 

FLING, V. (To fling down). Toula, dowla, donlla, p. 

FLINT8T0NE, *, Maen flent, w. 

FLIT or SLIDE AWAY, i^. Rees, p. The Cornish 
use the word eomr$88ing for flitting. 

FLITCH of BACON. Anterhuch, w. Lit Half a 

FLOAT, V. Nyg^, {g soft), nija, w. ; nijah, p. ; nysc, 
nyidzha, w. ; nizhyea, p. 

FLOCK, 8. (Drove, herd). Tonec, tonek, w. ; prsed, 


A GREAT FLOCK. Busch brays, m. 8282. M$ § 
weyll bu8oh bray 8 a diU, I see a great flock of people, 
M. 3232. 

FLOOD, *. Dial, dyal. dhyal. diel, dyel, w. ; deall, 
c.w. 2229 ; llf, lyf, w. ; lyv, p. ; lywe, c.w. 2358. 
.Rdg lyf hrd» my a thoro, for I wUl bring a great 
flood, o.K, 981. 

FLOODS, 8. Lyvyow, c.w. 2314 ; levyaw, c.w. 2164. 

auan. p. A great floods Auan bris. 

FLOOR, 8. lAr, lear, leur, luer, liir, w. ; luyr, k. 
2263 ; lor, w. Ha cala lour war hy luer, and straw 
enough on its floor, p.c. 680. T woy8 a re8ek thtn 
luyr, his blood shall run to the floor, h. 2263. 

FLOOR. 8. Suler, b. ; soler, w. In mines a eoUr (still 
called eoller or ealier) is a floor or stage of boards for 
the men to stand on and roll away broken stuff in 
barrows. In a footway shaft the seller is the floor 
for the ladder to rest on, and so, ladder after ladder 
to the bottom of the mine, from one sailer to an- 

Digitized by 





FLOUR. 8. (Of corn). Bl^, w. ; bl^z, brou. p. ; 
bl6t, w. ; huigan, b. 

FLOURISH, V. (Prosper, thrive). Sowen^, 8owyiin6, 
w. ; sowyn, sowyny, p. 

FLOURISH, r. (As does vegetation). Glase, w. ; 
glassa, p. 

FLOURISHING, ai/. (As in vegetation). Gw^r, w. ; 
guer, p. ; gear, gwirdh, w. ; guitt. p. ; guedrek, b. ; 
ryth, w. 

FLOUT, V, Canvas, p. ; kanvas, b. ; dyale, dyalas, 
dhyallas, p. ; gescy, w. ; gesky, p. 

FLOUT, i. G^s, geys, w.; flows, m. 190. 

FLOW, V. Redek, resec, resek. w. ; rees, divery, p. 

FLOWED, part, Resas, b. 

FLOWER, 8. Blodon, bloden, bledhian, b. ; bledz- 
ban. bledzbian, w. PI. Plegyow. w. 


FLOWING or FLUX. «. Frow, w. '« Frou-frou." 

FLOWING, part Loys, a loys, b. 

FLOWING INTO. Rilan, b. 

FLUKES, 9. lies, d. (The liver fluke, DUtoma hep- 

FLUOR SPAR, s. Cam, cand, d. 

FLUTE, 8, Wibenoul, tolcom. Lit A horn with 
boles; pib, w. 

A LITTLE FLUTE. Piban, peban, w. 


FLUX, *. (The disease). Girr, an girr, w. ; gyrr, 
girdin, b. 

FLY, *. (Insect^. Celionen. w. ; kelionen, p. ; kil- 
ioncn, guiban. b. ; gtiiban, huanen, huadnen. b. 
See also GNAT 

FLY, V. Nyge, nija, w. ; nijah, niedga. p. ; nyidzha, 
w.; nizhyea, p.; nyse, w. ; nys. nygy, p. In these 
words the g is soft. 

FLY, V, (To run away.) Ehed. p. Fayn vy eked, let 
us fly, p. 

FLY. V, (To fly over.) Trenyge {g soft), trenydzha, 


FLY, V. (To fly to and fro). Trenydzha, b. 

FOAL. 8. Ebol. ebal, ebel, w. Eagh ebel yn vn golmen, 

and foal in a halter, p.c. 177. 
FOG, 8. Niul, w. ; niull. b. 
FOLD or PLAIT, *. Pl^g. pl6k, pl^th, bWk, w. 
FOLD, r. Plye. p. ; pleggya, b. 
FOLD, 8. (For cattle). Boudi, w. ; boudzhi, p. 
FOLK, #. TAz. tues, w. ; diis, m . 3232 ; duz. b. ; tis, 

w. ; tiz, this, p. ; diz, w. ; t^z, p. ; ties, tees, w. ; 

dees, d^z, r. 

FOLLOW, V, Holyi. w. ; holya. p. ; hyller, b. ; rysy^, 
P. Bewy6, sew^, 8yw6, w, ; sewya, sewsya, p. 

FOLLOWED, part. HoUyas, b. 

FOLLOW YE, HoUiou, b. 

FOLLOW THOU. Sew, 2 pers. s. imp. of nmyl to 
follow, w. 

FOLLOW, V. (To follow each other). Tmsywe. ^. 

FOLLY, «. Folneth, w. ; foloneth. p. ; goc:yneth, goky- 
neth. w. ; wokjmeth, p. ; wocyneth, w Rikm fay 
mUr a wokynetk, by my faith, a great folly » u h. 473 j 
mescatter, muscochneth, w. ; muscoghueth. p c. 1263; 
mustoghneth, yowynkes, yowynketh. p. j diskians, b, 

FOMENTATION, 8, Taimant, w. 

FOOD, 8. Bos. w. Rdgh i/ma h68 paruty^, for there is 
food prepared, p.c. 458 ; b6z, p. ; boos, boya. bus, bd^, 
buit, w ; buyd, b. ; bvgyens. vygyens, w. 2*kt; vyg- 
yefu d^ war an bey 8, for food of man \ni the earth, 
o,M. 131 ; yygnons. p. ; breuha. b. ; crou:?t, o.m, IQDL 
(This word, erou8t, is still in use for a lane he on or 
meal.) KefMri8 erou8t hag evd, to take food and 
drink, o.h. 1901 ; sant, w. ; saut, b. 

POOR FOOD. Labscou, d. 

FOOL, 8. Cok, cowga, p.; skogan, b ; uiisl^oggao, p; 
miscoggan, w. ; foyl. m. 925 ; fol, p. Omrfia the foyl^ 
here thou fool. m. 925 , zape. zapey, zawker* gom* 
mock, duffan. goky, gaupus, dooda, bucca, eobbap 
pattic, droojy, d. 

FOOLS, «. Gothoam, p.; gothoan, b; irockves, p,c- 

FOOLISH, adj. C6c, p. ; cok, cuic, w. ; i oogo. cowg, 
cowga. p.; gocy. goky. gokky, guccy, w. ■ gucky, 
cw. 1008; woky, w. ; wokky, p.c. 1290; ucky, dea- 
cians, discient, diskient, w. ; diskref, b, ; fol {fdiyon, 
a plural of fol), muscoc, mescat, w. ; meakat. b, ; 
trafyl, p. ; bid, w. 


FOOLISH PEOPLE. Gockorion, b. 

FOOT, *. (Of the body). TrCis, truz, w. j troa, troua, 
ir. ; druz. p. ; droose. cw. jO ; tros, try is. troya, 
trait, w. ; treat, b ; trayd, p. PL Treys, tnne, 
treiz. dreys, trys, tryys, w. ; tryes, o.h. 87 h; thrys, 
troys, p. ; taros, o.m. 262. 

THEIR FEET. Aga threys, v, 

ON FOOT. A draz, w. 

FOOT or PAW, 8. Paw, baw, w. 

FOOT-BRIDGE, *. Clam, d, 

FOOT-PATH, 8. Trulerch. w. 

FOOT, «. (In measure). Tresheys troisheysp troishys, 

FOOT-SOLDIER, «. Squerryon, (squeiryou ?), p* 

FOOT-STEP, «. 01 treys, w. ; ool, ol, p. 

FOOTSTEPS, *. Glow threys, o.m. 760; goleow 
oleow, owleow, goly, p. 

FOOTSTOOL, 8. Skaval droasa, p. ; bkavoll droom^ 
cw. 20 ; tut, D. 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 




FOOT-WRAPPER, s. (Pedula, Lat.) Paugen, b. 

FOR. A, w. ; dy, p. ; dre, n. J2y an gHik dre keretme, 
slie did it for love, p c. 5 49; er, orth, ord, worth, w ; 
pur, p. ; zen. b. ; r4g, rh4g. p. ; lie, rak, w. Rdk 
eun kerengi^ for real love, p.c. i83. Teweugh rdk mith, 
silence, for shame, k.p. 149). 

FORA^^MUCH. Hane, p. 

FOR THE SAKE OF. Awds, auoz, p. ; er. w. 

FOR A TIME. Renytha, p. 

FOR WttAT. PersLg. pr4g, poiig, w. 
FOR or TO YOU Deuch, djch, w. 
FORBEAH, V Perthej-es. porthy, perthy, prethy, w.; 
foilligiui, koilgim, kyrtaz, spiena, p. 

FORBEAR. Hoase. Carew. Perhaps the same as hUt^ 

FORBID, r. Dofen, dhefen, dyfan.. dyfen, dyffen, w. ; 
tyffen, thefan, p. ; defenny, w. 

FORBIDDEN, part Dyfynnys, tyffen, w. 

FORBIDDING. A FORBIDDING, «. Defen, deffan, 
dyfen, dofennad, w. 

FORCE, V. Aderbyny, p. 

FORCE, 9. Nell, nel, nerth, w. ; nerh, nerg, b. ; verth, 
harth, p. ; fyt, f^th, b. ; creys, crys, greys, grys, 
mestry, meystry, mayqtry, w. Ha herthy4 gamnerth 
yn ban, and thrust it with force upwards, p.c. 30 11. 

FORCED ALONG. Dregas, tregid, b. 

FORD, 9. Rid, w. ; ryd, rhyd, rM, basdhour, p. 

FORE-CASTLE, «. Flurrag, w. 

FORE-DOOR, 9. Darras rAg, w. 

FOREIGN, adf\ Trem6r, t.^., beyond sea, w. ; voren, 

voran, p. 
FOREIGNER, 9. Pergrin, pergirin, b. 

FOREFATHER, 9. Rhagdas, w. ; rhagadae, p. ; wad, 
w. ; hendas, hengyke, p. 

FOREFATHERS. 9. Ragda;suy rhagdazu, b. ; hendasou, 
p. ; wadow, w. Tke^n tyr a Wy th$ wadou»^ to the 
land where thy forefathers went, o.m. 1871. 

FORFEITURE,*. Sp41, b. iS/a/Z^i^, for fined, is stiU 

in use. 
FOREHEAD, 9. C6dna-t41, k6dna til, t41, w. ; thale, 

cw. 1617; tale, c.w. 1628; dale, aw. 1873. Ly- 

sky9 tf a*n kyl the^n idl, I am burned from the neck 

to the forehead, o.m. 1781. 

FOREMOST, adf. and 9 Ban, van, w. ; vadn, vadna, 
p. In washing (called by tinners vanning) a sample 
of tin ore on a shovel, a dexterous movement causes 
the tin ore to be near the foremost end of the shovel, 
and the refuse to be near the base or broad end. The 
ore so separated is called by miners the van, 

FORESHEW, V. Arwyddooan, b. 

FOREST or WOOD, *. Coed, coet, w. 5 coat, p. ; coit, 
w. ; koit, B. ; coid, koid, coyd, cuit, cuid, ciis, oiiz, 
w. ; kftz, p. ; cooz, c6s, coys, cotelle, lanherch, w. 

FORE TEETH, 9. Dfens rig, p. 

FORWARDS. A rig. A rdg ha denewen, forwaidB 
and sideways, o.m. 2068. 

FORGE, 9. Fok, p.c. 2717. Ng dryk gryghonm yn 
fdk, there remains not a sp irk in the forge, P.c. 27 17, 

FORGET, V Ancevy, anUevy, w. Ny vanna y ankevf/f 
I yrill not forget him, m. AOH. 

FORIjO I'TEN, part. Ancevys, ankevys, w. 

FORGETFULNESS, 9. Angov, b. 

FORGIVK, e?. Andyllas. (a'n dyllas) w. ; andylly,?.; 
ava, (a mutation of gava) ; gaf e, givia, gava, w. ; 
geve, B. ; gavas, gafas, prunny, p. ; gafa, M. 

I FORGIVE. Gafse, p. 

HE FORGAVE. Avas. A mutation of y«w, w. 

FORGIVEN, part Gevys, gefys, givys, w. ; geffys, 
p. ; prunnys, B. 

TO FORGIVE, TO REMIT, v. W&s. ffa Dewtko- 
thef a was, and Qtoi to him did remit, p. 

FORGIVENESS, 9, Dewellens, dewhyllyans, dew- 
yllyens, w. ; dehilians, b ; gevyans, gyvyans, grf- 
yans, gyfyans, w. ; givians, p. ; gevyons, B. dee 
also PARDON. 

FORK, 9. Forh, vorh, w. An vdrh, the fork. 
A SILVER FORK. Forh arhans, p. 
FORLORN, 9. (A forlorn, a lost person). Collet, b. 
FORM, 9. (Seat). Benk, p. 

FORM, 9. (Shape). Composter, w. Neb eompMiift 
without form ; furf, fu, fuw,w. Ny alia/ guelat m 
fu, 1 cannot see the furm, k.d. 741 ; gwMh, gweydh, 
weydh, w^th, w. ; lyu, lyv, p.c. 1240; roath, w. 

FORM, 9. (Appearance). Semlant, w. 

FORM. 9. (Semblance or manner). DM, w. Tn iU^ 
ma, in that manner, (lorm). 

FORM, V. Formyfe, w. 

FORMED, part Formyys, b. 

FORMER, 8. (A former). Formyas, formyer, w. 

FORMER, adj. Kjns. Quel y« kym y threheml, ruie 
it better than the former, p.c. 1762. 

FORMERLY, adv, Cens, kens, w.; kenz, kins, p.; 
cyns, kyns, w. ; kynz, p. ; gens, hens, w. 

FORSAKE, V. Descrirya, w. ; scryrya. Frag tkg9U 
ve 9eryrya9f why hast thou forsaken me? p. gtn, 
garera, esgara, gase, w. ; gesy, gyssy, p. 

FORSOOTH! Aketha, d. 

FORSWEAR, f;. Nache, nacha, naha. nah^, w. ; nar 
h^, nagha, p. 

FORT, 9. Tour, t^r, w. ; kastal, kestell, p. ; castd, 
w. ; bre, guAl, p. GudlMn. aa old fort. 

FORTH. Yn rig, k . IMi ;yn r6g, come lorfth, oX 
2403. See FORWARD. 

Digitized by 





FORTHWITH. Aredy, eredy, yredy, scon, w. ; skin, 
p. Th9 yet parathyB in io6n, to the gate of Paradise 
forthwith, o.m. 691 ; toythda, p.c. 2. Pyteygh toyih- 
da 61 kSs-colon, pray forthwith, all with one heart, 
p.c. 2 ; adhysempyz, dhy sempys, the sempys, p. ; 
fast, B. ; dyson, m. 818. Bethyns dy$on, let it he 
forthwith, K. 818. 

FORTIFIED PLACE. Caer, w. ; kaer, p. ; c4r, din, 
tin, w. See FORTRESS for other forms. 

FORTITUDE,*. Fr*th, w. 

PORTRESS, i. Castel, w. ; kastal, kesteU, p. ; kas- 
telh, B. ; din, tin, dinas, dinaz, w. ; brenniat, p. ; 
brennyat. b ; caer, c4r, w. ; kaer, p. 

FORTY. Dugans, w. ; duganz, p. ; dowgans, b. ; dew- 
ngens, dewugens, w. ; den ngens, deu hugens, v. ; 
dewigans, w. ; deniggans, b. Literally, all these words 
mean two twenties. 

FORTY-SIX. Dew ngens ha whe, v. Lit. Two 
twenties and six. 

FORWARD, V, Finney, w. 

FORWARD. Arig, w. ; war r4g, b. ; yn rAg, w. 
Deuph yn rdg ketep onan, come forward every one, 
CM. 2683. 

FORWARD, CONCEITED, adf. Preedy, d. 

FOSTERAGE, NURTURE,*. Meidrin; meithrin, w. 

FOSTER-FATHER, *. Tatvat, tadvath, w. 

FOSTER-MOTHER, *. Mamaid, mammaith, w. 

FOSTER-SON, *. M&b meidrin, w. ; mib meithiin, b. 

F0S8, *. ClMh, klMh, w. ; clawd, cleuth, b. 

FOUL, V. ^To fonl, to bewray). Santra, b. 

FOUL, aty\ (Dirty;. Casa, gasa, gasow, cawys, w. ; 
congh, caugh, gwaw, p. ; casalek, gassic, geagle, 
plosec, plosek, w ; gagle, p. ; ploos, o.w. 1116; lowse, 
c.w. 158. Oicas4 htose^ foul f^ow, c.w. 158; uthek, 
p.; hethek, x. 1853. Claff ankethek, a foul leper, 
M. 1853. 

FOUL, adj\ (Odious). Tebel, w. ; 'tebal, p. ; debel, 
httger, w. ; hagar, p. 

MORE OR MOST FOUL. Hacre, hacra, w. 

FOUL ACT, OR DEED. Matobemr, p. 

FOUL-MOUTHED, adf. DrAgdavaseo, w. ; di4k- 
davaxek, b. 

FOUL OFFENDER. Casadow, p. 

FOUL wore:. Gwaw obar, p. 

FOULNESS, «. Ploseth^ n. 3527. Faly$ phuihh 
enuttmyan^ false foulness of Christians, x. 3527. 

FOUND, pari, of to find. Cevys, kevys, cefys, kefys, 
ceffys, keffys, w. ; cafos, b. ; gains, p. ; havas, 
trouTias, b. 

I FOUND. Cef^, 1 pen. s. preter. of oafo%. In con- 
•traction^ yoJU^ w« 

18 FOUND. Cefer, eoler. kefyr, w. 

IT IS FOUND. Gefyr. A mutation of cephyr, w. 

HE FOUND. Cafas, gafas, gaffas, ceve, geve, gavas. 
Gavas is a mutation ef cavM^ or cafa^^ 3 pers. s. pret. 
of cafo%y to find. Qev^ is a mutation of cevi^ 3 pers. 
s. imp. of cafui^ w. 

I HAVE FOUND. Gefes. A mutation of oefe%, 1 pers. 
s. pret. of cafoi^ to find, w. 

THEY HAVE FOUND. Cafsons, 3 pers. pi. pret. 
of cafoiy to find, w. 

FOUND, V. (To cause, to lay a foundation). Scyle, w. 

FOUNDATION, *. (The base, the groundwork). 
SM, soil, seyl, w. ; sctil, b. ; scyle, sol, w. 

FOUNDAnON srONE. An m^an Mr, w. Ut. The 
ground-floor stone. 

FOUNDATION or BASE, %. Goden, w. 

FOUNTAIN, «. Fenten, fynten, funten, w. ; fenton, 
ventdn, p. Kergh, a'lt fentcn thy'm dour cUr^ fetch 
clear water for me from the fountain, p.c. 650; 
comant, nant, b. 

FOUR. Peswir, w. ; peswere, p. ; pedir, w. ; peder 
pedyr, pider, pesuar, padzhar, p. 

FOURTH. Peswere, w. ; peswera, c.w. 100; paswera, 
pyswer^, w. ; peswarra, pazuera, padzhuera, p. ; 
padzhwera, w. 

FOURTH, 9. (A fourth or quarter). Kuartan, p. 

FOURTEEN. Peswardhec, paswardhac, pazwardhak, 
w. ; pazuardhak, b. ; puzwarthack, (peswarthek,) v. 
FOURTEENTH. Paswar degvas, padzhuardzak, p. 

FOWL, 9. Edhen, For other forms, see BIRD. 

A FOWL'S PATH OR WAY. Voryer, n. Lii. 
Hens' path. 

FOWLER, 9. Edhanor, w. ; edhenor, b. ; idne, w. 

FOWLS, 9. (Birds in general). Lawan; w. Why 
drog lawoHf ye wicked fowls, r.w. 124. 

FOWLS^ PATH or WAY, #. V4ry6r. From tnfr, a 
way, and y4r, hens, n. 

FOX, 9. Lowem, lowam, luam, w. ; luflm, losteig, 
losing, lostec, lostek, b. ; lorn, louem, p. Zti. 
Loetek means, fair tail. 

A FOX BITCH. Lowemes, w. ; lowemez, p, 

FRAGMENT, #. Dim, dril, t4m, temmig, w. ; temig, 
demig, b. ; brewyonen, w. ; brouian, b. 

Tifflen, tifle, b. 

FRAGMENTS, t. Tymmyn, dymmyn, w. Ph. ot 
tim, and dym. 

FRAIL. Lous, p. (?) 

FRAIL, 9. (Rush bag or basket). Eiguer, p. 

FRAME, p, (To frame, to make). Wathyl, wythyl, p. 

FRAME, 9. (For a fisherman's line). Cader, cantor, »• 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




FRANCE. j». Frinc, Vrinc, w. ; Frink, Vrink, p. 
FRANKINCENSE, s, Encois, inkois, w. (entois) ? 

FRANTIC, a^. Conerioc, w. ; koneriok, b. ; con- 
erive, p. ; foltergusce, w. ; foltreguske, folt guske, 
p. ; guske, b. 

FRATERNITY, $. Brudereth, w. ; brawdoliath, b. 

FRAUD, s. Fallad, fallas, fraus, w. ; gouegnetli, b. ; 
tull, w. ; tuUe, b. ; teul, toul, towl, w. 

FRAY, i. CBreach of the peace). Blondewytt, d. 

FRECKLE, $. Taish, w. 

FREE, 8, (At liberty). Frank, franc, quyth, w. 


hogui, w. 
FREE, V, (To get free). Scusy, skusy, w; skesy, p. ; 
FREEDOM 8. Wary, w. 
FREEZE, r. Rewy, w. 

FRENCH, adj\ Frenc, w. Cynyphan Fr$ne, a French 

nut, (walnut). 
FRENCH, adj. (Gaulish). Galec, w. 

FRENCH LANGUAGE. Frincac, Vrincac, w. ; 

Vrinkak, p. 
FRENCHMAN, «. Frinc, w. 

FREQUENT, ». (To traverse, to frequent a place). 
Tremenes, h. 

FREQUENT, adj. (Many, much). Lues, leas, lias, 
w. ; liaz, p. 

FREQUENT, adj, (Often, many times). Menouch, 
w. ; menough, cm. 1850 ; minouch. w. Ov yueret 
menough thithe^ my frequent help to them, o.h. l8/>0 ; 
yenouch, a mutation of menouch^ w. 

FREQUENT, adj. Torrog, p. (?) This word also 
means big-bellied. 

FREQUENTLY, adv. (Often, commonly). Menouch, 
minouch, venouch, w. 

FRESH, adj. (Late, recent, new). Newedh, newydh, 
nowydh, w. ; noweth, nowth, nouedzha. pals, p. 
Ooleou yahy fresh marks, or stripes. 

FRESH, adj. Er, p. Williams says ^ means " juicy, 
full of sap, green, raw." 

FRET, V. (To chafe). Rhittia, rhyttia, b. 

FRIDAY, s. De gwenar, w. ; didh guener, b. ; de 
guenar, p.; dugwener, h. i20; guener, h. 4304. 
An kyn^a guener, the first Friday, m. 4304. 

FRIEND, *, C4r, w. ; kir, b. ; ch^t, p.c. 3050 ; 
cooth, p. ; cothman, gothman, hothman, smit, w. ; 
SOS, B. ; maj n, w. ; meyn, p. Na geigho aletnma ehSt, 
that ho may not carry a friend hence, p.c. 3050. 
Ila the cothmin me a vSth, and thy friend 
I will be, M. 89 k Thotho ef nyn »6$ cothman^ 
thou art not a friend to him, p.c. 2431. Haeua ha 
lye$ imd\ and Eve and many a friend, p.c. 3036. Ow 
hothman, my friend, w. 

FRIENDS, «. Cardowyon, w. ; kardouion, eardenion, 

p. (? cardeidon) ; cothmans, m. 387 ; mayny, w. ; 

meyny, p. 
FRIEND, s. (A near friend). Ogaz, ogas, oges, ogos, 

agos, p. 
FRIENDSHIP, s. Carense, cerense, carenge, carenga, 

garensa, harenga, w. ; karens, yenes, p. See also 

FRIOHT, 8. Tarofan, tarosfan, tamytuan, uth, euth, w. 
FRIGHTENED, part. Ownakes, p. 

FRIGHTFUL, adf. Uthec, uthek, uthyc, uthyk, hu- 

thyc, huthjk, w. ; uter, b. 
FRIGHTFULNESS, #. Uthecter, w. ; uthekter, ir. 

FRIGID, adf. J^n, b. ; jein, y^n, p. ; oemi, oeilel, 
oerder, oich, oir, b. 

FRIGIDITY, 8. Jender, w. See COLD. 

FRINGE, 8. (As of a curtain, &c). Pillen, willen, b. 

FRISK ABOUT, v. Skeese, skeyze, skeyce, scouse, b. 
From «^My, to escape. 

FRITTER, 8. (Pancake). Krampothan, p. ; cramped- 
han, crampedhan, crampessan, w. 

FRIVOLITY, 8. Ufereth, evereth, w. 

FRIV0L0U8NESS, #. Ufereth, evereth, w. 

FROG, 8. (The yellow and spotted toad). CuUken, 
kuilken, cuilcen, p. ; cwilcen, kwilken. w. ; quilkin, 
quilkey, wilkin. wilkey, n. ; guilkin, guilskin, goils- 
cin, gwilscin, gwilskin, guilschin, w; kranag, 
khranag melyn, kronek melyn, cronek, croinec, 
croinok, w. ; cronag, cranag, cronec, wronick, wro- 
nak, wranak, wraneck, p. 

Pedn diu. Lit. Black head. 

FROLICKSOME, ad/. Lowen, louen, lawen, b. ; leu- 
nek, leunik, p. ; leuenik, louenak, lauenik, lowenic, 
lawenic, lewenic, lawennek, b, 

FROM. A, w. A *y ii. from its place, w. ; y. i, p.; 
dor, b. ; orth, w. ; worthe, uorh, vet, b. Qolou wt 
an tuyldar, light from the darkness; doit, dorte, 
dhort. durt, b ; dhart, thort, thurt, p. ; ador, adhort, 
w ; adhart, p. Aahart 091 </re^ from the town, p.; 
adhewoith, w. ; athyworth, v. ; deworth, dheworth, 
dy worth, w. ; dywort, b. ; thy worth, theworth, ir. ; 
rdg, rh&g, ric, rILk, w. QtUhyn rdk an hylen. pre- 
served from the evil one. p.c 4 1 ; k^, p. ; de, dhe, dy, 
w. In Cornish, de^ dhe^ dy, are only compoanded 
with worth, as dyworth, &c. 

FROM ABOVE. A wartha, w. 

FROM, AWAY. Omelys, p. 

FROM BY. Adheworth, adhort, w. 

FROM HENCE. A lebma, alemma, w. 



Digitized by 





FBOM, OUT OF. Mis, n. Mar uuyh wM a dr$, \i 
jou go from home, o.x. 2185. 

FROM THBE. Ahanas, hanys, w. 

FRONT, IN FRONT. R4g, rhig, lAc, i4k, arig, a 
lig, w. JTar an hrest a rdg^ on the breast in front, 
OM. 2717. 

FRONT, f . (The front). Til, thil, w. 

FRONTIER, «. Urrian, yrian, p. 

FROST, «. ley, w. ; ja, jef, b. ; glihi. clihi, rew, leu, 

w. ; reaw, c.w. 1668; reau, riou, reui, rhewi, b. 
FROTH, «. Sponm, w. ; spoom, d. 

FROTHY, ad^. (Trifling). Crothac, crothak, w; cro- 
thacke, p. 

FROWARD, aij, Drews, dris, tris, w. 

FROZEN, part. Rewys, m. 3057. 

FRUGAL, adj. Henbidiat, henbidhiat, b. 

FRUIT, «. (Of any kind, result). Frich, fr<it, fruit, 
w. ; ffyrwyth, b. 

FRUITS, «. (Especially apples). Lavalow, w. Ea'n 
gweedh toen lavaloto warier e eunda, and the trees 
yielding fruit after their kind, m.c. p. 93. 

FRUITFUL, adf. Voeth, veath, p. 

FRUITFULNESS, ». Paltowat, p. 

FRUMP, M. Frig, squeez, n. 

FRY", V, Fria, w. ; frya. b. 

FRYING-PAN, s. Padelh, b ; padel hoem, w.; padel 
hoam {Lit. an iron pan), p. ; letshar, b. ; oilet, w. 
Oilet IB also a name for a gridiron. 

FUEL, «. Cinnis, kinnis, cunys, kunys, w. ; kynn^s, 
c. Small or broken Juel. Bruz, browse. This is still 
called in Cornwall, brotose and bre^i^ or br$e%. 


FULL. adj. Abal, w. Arluth merci abal, Lord of 
mercy full, p ; auf, p. Au/zm, a full view, p. ; cowal, 
gowal, w. ; coual, coule, p. ; coul, w. 2)f a fydh 
cowal anksn, thou shalt have full pain, p.c. 2530 ; 
leun, luen, l&i, laun, w. ; Iwn, b. ; leana, w. Tbox 
tyeh Uun a yly, her box rich full of salve, m.c. 35. 
ha Chrtsi yn oris luen a roe, and Christ in the middle, 
full of grace, m.c. 18(J; playn, w; playne, p. Fan 
ieffa an termyn playn, when tiie full time ^all come, 
cw. 136 ; tr6m, p. Tr6m dyal, a full flood, p. 

FULLER or TUCKER, t . Tricciar, trikkiar, tryeciar, 
w. ; tiykkiar, trikkin, b. 

FULFIL, V. CoUenwel, w. ; konlenuel, b. ; cowlenwel, 
oonllenwel, covlenwel, kovlenuel, p. ; golenwe^ gow- 
lenwel, lenwel, w. ; leana, p. 

FULFILMEirr, i. (Afl of a promise). Coweras, w. 

yULLT, adv. (Entirely, completely). Cowal, eoual, 
eoul, coule, p.; oowel, k. 1087; gowal, w. Coul 
dreUml 610$ cAy, fnUy build aU thy house, o.u. 2840. 

Cowel ny a weyl, fully we shall see, x. 1087 ; whet, 

wheth, p. 
FULNESS, «. Lanwe8,w. ZanwSs leyih ha mel ke/ry$, 

fulness of milk and honey also, o.m. 1430. 

FUME, SMOKE, m. Moc, mok, w. ; mdg, p. 

FUN, «. G^s, B. Tn g49, in fun. See JEST. 

FUNDAMENT, «. {Anm, Lot.) Gwto, w. 

FUNERAL, 9. Arwhyl, p. ; ancledhyas, anclydhyas, 
w. ; anclythyas, p. 

FUR, «. Fluff, pelf, pilf, d. 

FUR-COAT, 8. Pellisther, w. ; pellist-ker, pellistgur, 
pengughrek, pengughret, p. ; penguchgroc, w. 

FURIOUS, adj. Muscoc, mescat, w. ; meskat, b. 

FURNACE, «, Foe, fok, fog, fom, vom, per, w. ; 
tern, B. 

FUKNITU RE, «. (Household goods). Gwadhel, gut- 
hel, w. ; p^th-tshyi, b. 

FURROW, 8, Pollan-troillia, b. ; trone, droke, vore, n. 

FURTHER, adj. Ken, o m. 794. May callaf yueUt 
ken ta, that I may see further good, o.m. 734. 

FURTHER, adv. Pellach, pella, fella, velha, w. M 
fellay or na veUa, no further. 


FURTHERMORE, adv. Hagenzol, w. 

FURTHERMOST, «^" Von. Frdw yny«, the further- 
most island, b. 

FURY, A SHE.DEVIL, «. Oiowles, dzhowl^s, w. ; 
dzhonles, p. 

FURZE, 8. (Gorse). Eithin, ythen, w. ; ithen, b. 
A plural aggregate. 

A SINGLE PLANT OF FURZE. Eithinen, eithi- 
nan, ethynen, w. 

A FURZE.RUSH. Bagas eithin, w. ; hagaz eithin, p. 

FURZE DUST. (The broken fuel). Bruss, b. ; brua, 
b.v. The name is still in use as browu or brees, 

FUSS, 8. (Row, uproar). For, porr, towse, goss, 
garm, stroth, str6ther, d. u. 


*' This letter is both primary and secondary in the six 
Celtic dialects. 

Its sound is the same as in the English words, yain, yet, 
yivOf go. (It is sometimes soft, f.w.p.j.) 

When radical or primary its commutation is formed in 
Cornish by omitting it altogether, as atarie, a wife ; 
an wrie, tiie wife ; yalloe, power ; y auoe, his power. 

When however y was followed by o or u, then w waf 
prefixed, as yoloe^ sight ; an woloe, the sight ; y4/, 
ako uMf to make. 

Digiti7ed by 





In certain cases, as alter y, the Cornish after omitting 
the g aspirates the succeeding Towel : — thus gallouch, 
why a aUoueh, ye will he ahle ; may haUoueh, that ye 
may be able. 

The Cornish, as in Armoric, also changes y into c, as 
gwerthi, to sell; ow ew^rthi, selling. OrugS, mtfr 
crugi, if I do. 

When secondary in Cornish and the other dialects y is a 
mutation of e, as eadoTf a chair ; y gadar, his chair, 
w." Ltx. Corn. Brit. 

GAB or CHATTER, s. Wob, d. ; clap, w. 

GABLE, «. Punnion, punken, d. 

GADFLY, «. Swap, n. See also WASP. 

GADS, 8, (Small iron wedges used by miners). Gwle- 
zow, w. 

GADABOUT, ». Lootal, d. 

GADUS MINTJTUS, $. (Fish). Power, n. 

GAIN, f». Gwaynia, w. ; guaynia, b. ; guainia, p. i 
dendply, x. 3076. 

GAIN, s. Gwayn, w. ; guayn, n. ; guaian, p. 

GAIN, s. ' (Advantage). Prow, w. AnmUm ty My 
fyth prow, no gain shall be to thee from them, p.o. 

GAINING, s. (A winning, an earning). Yangin, n. 

GALE, 8. Whftth, hw^th, w. 

GALL, 8, (The bile). Bistel, bestel, w. ; bestl, p. ; 
bystel, bystyl, bestyl, besl, bezl, w. Bf/8tel §y$8l 
hfmy8lcy8j gall and hyssop mixed, p.g. 2979. 

GALL, 8, (As from pressure or friction). Cab-a-rouse, 
or simply eah, n. 

GALLERY, «. Soler, w. 

GALLOWS. 8. Ci6k, M. 1277. 

GAMESOME, adj. Anludd, drrthyll, w. See also 

GA^'DER, 8. Culliag, w.; godho, kuUiag-godho, 
kuilliog.godho, cheHoc-ghod, p. ; ceHog-giiydh, ceHoc- 
guit, w. ; chelioc-guit, B. ; keliokuydh, p. 

GAP, 8. Rigol, B. 


GARDEN, 8, Dzham, w. ; dzam, b. ; erber, garth, 
lowarth, luworth, luar, w. 

GARDENER, «. Guisur. PI Guyshpy, p. 

GARFISH, 8. Girac. w. ; girak, p. It is still called 
a gerrieh. 

GARLAND, 8, Garlont. An atlant, the garland, w. ; 
sn6d, D. 

GARLIC, 8. Eynog. kining eyinoc, kenineuynoc, b. ; 
cenin ewinoc, w. ; kenin e3moc, b. 

GARMENT, #. (A garment). Gwisc, guise, w. ; guisk, 
guesk, p. ; gwesc, w. ; guest, b. ; gweth, w. ; gueth, 
p. ; queth, m. 1967 ; cweth, w. ; pons, bous, b.d. 

1861. ^ Hotma yv y hout ne$8ay that is his nearest 
garment, m.D. 1861. 

AN UPPER GARMENT. Penguch, w. 

GARRET, 8. TaUic. talUck, tallack, tallock, p. MU 
is used for stable-loft, n. 

GARRISON, 8. Guarth, b. 

GARTER, 8. Carget, w. ; gargat, b. PL Gmrgettoo, 
g^urgettan, b. 

GATE, 8. Yet, w. 

THE BAR OF A GATE. Shiyver,*©. 

GATE, ENTRANCE, 8. Forth, yet, w. 

GATES, DOORS, «. Jannues. p. See DOOR. 

GATHER, V. Cuntel, p. ; cuntell. w. ; kyntel. p. ; 
kyntl, B. ; guntel, p. lis a gunUU dreyn ha 9p$n^ 
I will gather briars and thorns, w. ; porogga, b. 


w. ; dierbin, dierbyn, dyerbyn, p. 

GATHERED, part. Cuntullys, cuntle, b. ; kontles, p. 

GATHERING, t. (A gathering together). Cuntdl, 
contel, cuntellot, cuntellyans, contellyans, w. ; ountOl- 
yans, p. 

GAULISH, FRENCH, adj. Galec, w. 

GAVE. Ddk, thoke, thuek, a rose, b. See GIYE. 

I GATE. Rfts, 1 pers. s. pret. of r#t, to gire. Ey^ 
1 pers. 8. pret. of rei or ry, w. 

THOU GAYEST. Ressys. ryssys, russys, w. ; russe, 
p. ; 2 pers. s. pret. of rei or ry, to give. 

HE GAYE. Rds, 3 pers. s pret. of rey or ry, w. 

THEY GAVE. Rosens, 3 pers. pi. pret. of r« or ry, ▼. 

GAYE GIFTS TO THEE. Rodothye, b. 


GEESE, 8. Q6dhow, godho, w. 

GENERAL. A GENERAL, 8. DCkg, b ; hebraifhiit 
luir, P. 

denythynns, kinedyl, kinedhel, cinedel, kinethel, ▼.; 
henath. heeneth, b. 

GENEROUS, adj. Hail, w. 

GENTILITY, r Pednshivikians, p. 

GENTLE, adj. (Easy). H*kh, hogul, w. ; aise. p. 

GENTLE, adj. (Tame). Dof, d6v, d6, w. 

GENTLE, adj. (Mild, kind). Hynwys, triwaidhec, 
w. ; triaudhek, p. ; triuadhek, b. ; wh^, wir. w. 
Cryat mi* an hSth cUr ha wdr, Christ out of the 
tomb bright and gentle, p.g. 3242. 


GENTLEMAN, 8. Pendzhirig. PI. Pendshirigion, i. 


Digitized by 





GENTLENESS, », Medhalder. medalder, w! 

GENTLY, adv. Yn whAr. w. ; nfel (v/el), u. 3776. 
Hdgvfelam oonumdyan^ and gently bade me, m. 3776 ; 
dour, M. 4332. The kerhiB thymo pHr clour, to fetch 
me very gently, m. 4332. 

GET, V, (Obtain). Gael, catos. cafos, cafes, cafel, w. ; 
eawas, c.w. 959 ; kouaz, b. ; gafos, gafos, gavel, w. ; 
gaval, p. ; gawe, b. ; geao, p. 

GET or EARN, v. Dendle. b. Dendle pethy to earn 
licbefl, b. ; dendl^, dyndyly, w. 

GET YE GONE Eugh, eus, p. 

GHOST, 9 Speris, spyrys, spiriz, w. ; sprite, spyr, b. 

GIANT, «. Encinedel, w. ; en kinhedhel, b. ; enehinet- 
hel, escer, esker, w. ; gbeon, wrath, b. 

A GREAT GIANT. Eitker brAs, w. 

GIBBET, «. Croueg, b. See GALLOWS. 

GIBLETS, i. Eipes, d. 

GIFT, 8. Ro, {PL Roow, rohow,) w. ; roth, p. ; pen- 
don, B. ; rew, c.w. 2145. 

GIGANTIC, <Mi^". Caur, w. 

GILDED, part. Gorovrys, m. 3396. 

GILL, «. Brink, n. 

GILLS. «. Bewen. dhewen, djrwen, w. 

GIMLET, 9, Tardar, b. 

GIN, «. (The trap). Maglen, w. 

GIRD, V. (Bind, wring). Strothe, w ; strothy, p. 

GIRDLE, i. Grugis, grigis, grygis, grigiz, w. ; gry- 
gys, gwregus, grug, guns, guriz. gouris, b. ; guri, 
gorey, p. ; cledif, b. ; giss, geist, d, 

GIRL, » Moren, morion, w. ; morain p. ; meroin, 
1.; mowes, n ; mergh, c.w. 29'); voran. e.d. 1044. 
Anvoranre gunyn gow, the girl has told a lie, b.d. 

GIRLS, 9. Yirhas, c.w. 1«85. 

GIVE, V. Ro. roy. p. ; roi, rei, rhei. rey, ry, w. ; re, 
P. ; rella, b. ; roll^, roUo, rogolly, whom, whon, p. ; 
grontye, w. 

I GIVE. Rot N. 

I WILL GIVE. M$ a re, p 
i. fut. of rei or ry, to give. 

THOU GIVEST or WILT GIVE. Rtth, reith, 
reyth, 2 pers. s. fut. of rey or rei, give, w. 

HE GIVES. Re. ree, rea, n. 

HE WILL GIVE. Ra, re, 3 pers. s. fut. of rey, to 
gi^e, w. Thi8 is also expressed by wront, a muta- 
tation of grant, 3 pers. s. fut. of gronti, id. qd. 
greiUfi, to give or grant, w. 

WR WILL GIVE. R^n, 1 pers. pi. fut. of rei, to 
give, w. 

lOAVE. Res,rys.K. 

rAf, roof, w.; 1 pers. 

THOXT GAVEST. Eyssys, u, 

HE GAVE. Ros, k. 

THEY GAVE. Rosons, h. 

I WOULD GIVE. R*n, 1 pers. s. subj. of rei, to 

give, w. 
HE WOULD GIVE. RoUo, roUe, 8 pers. pi subJ. 

of rei, or ry, to give, w. 

THEY WOULD GIVE Rollons, 3 pers. pL sabf. 
of rei or ry, to give, w. 

TH.iT HE MAY GIVE. RoUo, ». 

MAY HE GIVE. Roy. 8 pers. s. opt. of rei, or ry, 

to give, w. 
THAT THEY MAY GIVE. Rollons, ir. 
MIGHT or DID GIVE. RoUa, b. 

GIVE THOU. Ro, 2 pers. s. imp. of rei, or ry, to 
give, w. 

GIVE YE. Reuch, 2 pers. pi. imp. of r#i or ry, to 
give, w. ; reugh, ». 

GIVE THEM. Ro dedhe, p. 

LET HIM GIVE. Roy, v. 

LET US GIVE. R^n, I pers. pi. imp. ol rei, to 
give, w. 

YOU GIVE. Tero, b. 

GIVE IT ME. Ro dhym, ro e dhymmo, p. 

GIVING, part. Reia, reys, roys, w. ; gyrheffias, 
gytheffys, b. 

GIVEN, part. On ry, v. 

GIVER, jr. Reiat, w. Oueinoin reiat, a giver of 

GIVE AWAY, V. (To unloose). Deglenc, w. 

Ponster. p. This word is still used. 
GIVE LEAVE TO, v. Cummyn, gemyn, gymyn, b. 
GIVE NOTICE TO, v Gwamya, w. ; guamya, p. 
GIVE OVER. TO ChiASE. v. Sestya, p. 
GIVE THANKS, v. Grass^, w. 

GLAD. a(/f. Hudyc, huthyc. hutyk, w. A^ vyth 
hutyk y golon, nor is his heart glad, o.m. 2813; 
lo^i en. luan, w. ; louan. lawen, b. ; leunek, leunik, 
p ; leuenik, louenak, lauenik, lowenic, b. ; lowenec, 
lowenek, w. ; lawenic, lewenic, lawennek, b. ; 
lowanheys, cw. 967. 

GLADDEN, v. Lowenh6, lowenny, dydhan^, dhy- 
hane, w. ; dythan^, e.d. 2526. 

GLADDER, ad;\ Lowenna. m. 243 ; lowenne, w. 

GLADNESS, ». Lowene, lowyn^^ lowenna, lawen^ 
w. ; lauenez, lauen, p.; lowender, w. ; lowendar, 
cw. 1428. 

GLADLY, adv. Lowan, b. ; lowen, w. 

GLADE, 9. Lanherch, w. 

Digitized by 





GLASS, s. Qweder, w. ; gueder, p. ; gwydr, b. ; 
gunrs, p.; weder, m. 853; Avedyr, m. 1445. Avel 
hovle der weder a heh y terry ^ as (the) sun goes 
through glass without breaking it, m. 853. 

GLASS OF WINE. GwedraD a win, guedran a 
vin, B. 

GLASSY, adj. Guedrek, b. 

GLAZE or VARNISH, s. Glidder, d. 

GLEANINGS. *. (In the harvest-field). Pil-les, 
w.F.p. A gUaner^e %heaf. Sang, zaiig, d. 

GLEN, «. Glyn, glen, w. Pryce says glyn means a 
woody Talley. 

GLIDE, TO GLIDE ALONG, v, Slintya, slyncia, 
w. ; slyncha, p. 

GLITTER or GLISTEN, v, Dewynnye, dywhynny, 
tewynnye, w. ; splanna, p. ; terlentry, w. 

GLITTERING. Ow terlentiy, tevery, deverye, p. 

GLOOMY, adi, Diu, dhiu, du, w. 

GLORIFY, V. Gworria, w. 

GLORIOUS, adj\ Gwyn, w. 

GLORY, 8. Clor, glor. klos, p.; clos, w. Tn 
paradys deugh thu*m clos, in Paradise come to my 
glory, H.D. 164 ; gordhyans. gorryans, w. ; 
guorhyans, p. ; gworhyans, gwerdhyans, w. ; 
gurthyans, gwerthya, gorty, gworria, p. ; wordhyans, 
w. ; worthyans, lowene, lowendar, p. 

GLOVE, s, Maneg, manag, manak, manek, w. ; 
stoUof, cowedliuer, b. PI, Menik, manegou, b. 

GLUE, ». Glut, w. 

GLUT, «. Lanwes, w. 

GLUTTON,*. Cowleck, D. 

GNASH, V, Discemy, dheskemy, w. 

GNAT, 9, Cento wen, b. ; stiit, guibeden, gwibeden, 
gwiban. See FLY. 

GNAW, V. Cnoi, b. 

GO, f. (To go, walk, proceed). Monas, w. ; mones, 
o.M. 264 ; monez, p. ; mynes, w. ; mynez, p. ; m68, 
w. ; moz, p. ; maos, maoz, moaz, w. ; mouas, 
mauz, p. ; miz, tos, w. ; viz, p. ; cerdh^s, kerdh^s, 
w. ; kerdhez, p. ; gerdh^s, w. ; gerthes, M. 3966 ; 
cerras. kerras, garras, w. ; geitho, eu, p. ; daos, w. ; 
duwy, fade, p. 

GO, V. (To go, to become). Gylly, cylly, w. ; geli, 
gyll, p. ; ^ouB, b. 

GO, V, (To pass, slide away, run, flow, rush out). 
Resec, resek, redec, w. 

GO THOU. Ce, ke, Id, w, Lmyn noy y*th worhel 
ke, now Noah, go into thy ark, cm. 1017 ; cAr, kfar, 
c^rdh, k^rdh, w. ; kertheugh, engh, each, ens, p. 

GO, GET OUT. Eugh, b. 

GET YOU OUT. Eu^ yn mis, b. 


LET THEM GO. Ens, w. 

GO YE. Eugh, N. 

GO YE ALL HOME. Eus pup tre, p. 

LET THEM GO. Ens, k. 

HE MAY GO. Ello. w. 

HE MIGHT GO. Elle, t. 

I GO. Thof, tof. p. ; thit, b. ; ythaf, af, ir. 

THOU GOEST. Eth, ytheth, m. 

HE GOES. A, yytha, k. 

WE GO. En, ythen, n. 

YE GO. Eugh, yytheugh, v. 

I WILL GO. Af, av. w. ; th4t, b. 

THOU 8HALT GO. Ei, ti ei, ^th ; ydheta, to be read, 
ydhf aud eta^ a poetic form of 4th, 2 pers. s. fat ol 
irr, V. mds^ to go. A, yl, 3 pers. s. fut. of in, ?. 
mdSj to go, w. 

WE WILL GO. En, w. 

I MAY GO. Yilyf, 1 pers. s. subj. of iir, r. nmit^ 
to go, w. 

WE MAY GO. YUyn, 1 pers. pi. subj. of in, y. 
monhy to go, w. 

I SHOULD GO. Ken, eUen, k. 

GONE. Gilliz, galse, galso, guise, gerys, b. 

I AM GONE. Galsof, w. ; gallaf, p. 

THEY ARE GONE. Galsons, w. 

WAS GONE. Galse, w. 

THOU SHALT HAVE GONE. YUy, 2 pen. b. 3 
fut. of the irr, v. monisy to go, w. 

HE IS GONE. Reseth, regeth, w. 

HE HATH GONE. Reseth, regeth, w. 

TO GO ABROAD. Daoz meaz, w. ; maos a lew, 
p. ; maoz a Icaz, p. 

TO GO ACROSS, i;. Trusse, w. 
TO GO APART, v. Anneyley, w. 
TO GO AWAY, V. Gueny, dQecha, p. 
TO GO OUT, V. Omdena, wary, p. 
GONE OUT, or FORTH. Degennow, degennowjn 
ones, p. 

TO GO TO STOOL, v, Caca, w. ; poopy, poo^, d. 

TO GO UP, V, Ascen, ascenna, escynya, yscynnc, 
w. ; yskynna, p. ; euhell^, w. 

GOaD, «. Arho, garthou, w. ; guan, b. ; flnmbol, p. 
GOAL, «. (The end aimed at). Diwedh, diwedi, 

dvwedh, dewedh, diwedhva, dy wedhya, w. ; dinadbf 

diuath, diua, p. 
GOAT, «. Gaver, garar, p.; gueffer, b.; 131f ^« 

Fl Cbuer, w. ; gour, gever, p. 

Digitized by 






A YOUNG GOAT. Ceverel, keyerel. w. ; cheverel, p. 

A HE GOAT. Boch. w. ; hoc, byk, bocca, p. 

GOAT-FOLD. m. Crou an gueffer, b. 

GOAT-MOTH. t. Magjryowler, maggyowla, madgy- 
owl'T, D. The Couw lignipertla of the naturalist. 

GOBLET, 9, Scala, b. ; scafa, p, 

GOBLLN^, 9, Speris. spyrya, spiriz, w. ; sprite, spyr, 
B. ; bucka, c.w. 1196. Bucca^ for a ghost, spirit, or 
goblin, is still much used. 

GOD. 9 Dew, Deu, Du. Dhew, Dyw. Dhyw, Duy, 
Dea. Dues. w. ; Then, Thu, Thyu, p» ; Thev, o m. 
1389; Thyw, e.d. 1007. 

GODS, 9, Dewow, w. ^ deuou. p. ; duou, b. ; dewyow, 
▼. ; deuiou, dewon, b. ; deuon, p. ; deauon, deuion, 
B. ; thewen, deusys, p. ; devyas, w. ; duvo. duy, b. 

GOD ALMIGHTY, «. Deu Chefitodoc. Duy Chefiti- 
doc. p. 

GODDESS, «. Dues, w. ; deuyse, p. 

GODDESS OF LOVE. Gwenar, w. ; guenar, p. 

GODDESS MALAN. Malan, also called Andras. A 
celibrated British goddess. Inyoked with impre- 
cations in perilous times, w. 

GODFATHER, «. Aultra. altrou, w. 

GODHEAD. THE GODHKAD. «. Deusys, Dewaes, 
p. ; Dewges, c.w. 6. 

GODLY MAN. D^n-Dew, w. 

GODMOTHER, «. Commaer, b. ; aultruan, altruan, w* 

GOLD, 9. Our, aur, w. ; owr, b. ; ower, c.w. 129. 
Grains of f^old found in Streamworks the tinners call 
Rux and Hoppn, 

GOLDEN, arj, Oyrec, w ; oyrek, p. 
GOLDEN YELLOW. <i<^-. (Colour). Mellyn, p. 
GOLDFINCH, 9, Melenrc molenec, w. ; cure, p. 
GOLD KING. Besaw our, w. 
GOLDSMITH, «. Eure, w. 

GOOD, adj. Da. b ; dah. dha. tha. p. ; ta. b. {pHr 
dha, pHrtha, pre da, very good, p.) ; mis, w. ; miz, 
p. ; whis. w. ; mays, m. 4087 ; m&d, mdt, vis, w. ; 
vays. M. 919 ; vaz, p. ; vit, lis, w. ; vusy, fusy, b.v. 
vazy. w.p.p ; bon^s. p.; mam, b. Nyn y mam, I was not 
good. Tn f&H, well. w. Moy8i9 del oge din md9, 
Moses, as thou art a good man, o m. 1767. Ilie vrmi 
an 4r6h han mays, to judge the bad and the good, m. 
4087. An diz vds, the good people, p. 

GOOD, A GOOD, «. Da. w. ; dah, p. ; dha, ta, w. ; 
tha. o.M. 1617 ; Us, w. ; thadder, h. 528. AhanSs 
eat9 mikr thadder, ot thee much good spoken, u. 528. 

GOOD FAITH. Glendury, lendury, w. 

Dremas. thermas, w. ; th^nsa, h. 2719. A thSn9a 
nyn9on ioUy9, in the goodman we are not deceived, m. 

GOODLY, adv. Yn ta. b. 

GOODNESS, 9. Dader, dhadder. w. ; dadder, m. 4515 ; 
deder. b. ; tadder, w. ; thadder, p. ; thader, u. 380. 
Dadder the lue9 huny, goodness to many a one, x. 

GOODS, 9, Fema, w. 

GOOD- WIFE, «. Wrfethtye, c.w. 942; benynvis, 
c.w. 554. 

GOOSE, 9. Godh, goidh, goydh, guydh. w. ; gudh, 
p. ; gwydd, b. ; guit, w. ; goaz, b. 

GOOSE-EGG, 9. Oy godho, w. 

GORE, 9. (Blood). Crow, w. ; crou, p. 


GOSPEL. THE GOSPEL, «. Awayl, geawail, w. 
geawell, p. ; geauel, b. ; awell, m. 393. 

GOVKRN, V. RowUa, w. ; roulia, p. 

GOVERNMENT, «. Gonyc, w. ; ganyck, p. 

GOVERNORS, m. Roulers, b. 

GOWN, 9. Pows. w. ; pons, p. ; pens, pels, bows, fows, 
gAn, w. 

GRACE, FAVOUR. «. Grith, grayth. grif. w. ; rays, 
X. 319. Dre ov grath dalleth an bey 9, by my grace to 
begin the world, o.M. 6. Gouerner lieh a fUr raye, 
governor liege of great grace, if. 319. 

GRACE, THANKS, 9. Oris, w.; griz, p.; grass, 
ris, ris, w. ; aris, p. ; rase, c.w. 14. 

GRACES, EXCELLENCIES, #. Grasow, rasow, w. 

GRACELESS, adj. Hep ris, o.M. 251 ; ongrassyas, 
M. 2242. A dehel venyn hsp rdi, evil graceless 
woman, o.M. 'i51. 2'evdar pagan ongra99ya9, Teudor, 
a graceless pagan, m. 2242. 

GRAIN, 9, {Oranum, Lat) Gronen, w. ; grawn. b. 

GRAIN, ». (All manner of grain, as com, Ac.) Yz^ 
is, iz, eys, yd, it, p. 

GR.\INS, KERNELS. «. Spriis, spfts. 8%ng, Spriisan, 
spiisan, w. 

GRAINS, 9, (Brewer's grains). Seag, zeag, w. ; zeage, 
B. Lacka vel zeage, worse than grains. 

GRAINS OF GOLD. The Cornish tinners call them 
rux and hopp/t, d. 

GRANDCHILD, 9, Noi, b. Pryce says, nephew. 
(Lhuyd, nepos.) 

GRANDEE, ». D^n maur. Lit. Great man. 

GRANDFATHKR, 9. Hendat, hendad, hendas, w. 
Lit. Old father. Sira wyn, w. ; sira uidn, p. ; sira 
gwydn. tiz guidn, b. ; tis gwyn, w. Lit, White 
father, from the white hair. 

GREAT GRANDFATHER. Diwog, dihog ? w. ; dip- 
og, p. ; hengog, Cott. M9, 

hog, w. ; gur-hog, p. 

Digitized by 





GRAKDILOQUENT, adj. Jiiinlavar, w. 

GRANDMOTHER. «. Dama wyn, w. ; dama widn, 
p. ; dama widen, b. Lat, White moUier, or white 
dame, so named from the hair. 

GRANITE. 8, (?) Decomposed graniU. Growder, b. 

GRANT, V, Gronte, grontye, w. ; crowntya, c.w. 

1 94 : ; ro, roy. p. ; roi, rey, w. ; re, b. ; ry, rhei, rei, 

w. ; rella, b. 
GRANT,*. Grontys, w. 
GR A^ TED, pott. Grontys, w. 
GRAPNEL, *. Grabel, w. 
GRA8t*, *. Guvel, w. 
GRAnP, v. Guval, w. ; gooas, p. 

GRASPING, GREEDY, adj\ Grefnye, crefnye, w. ; 

kiif. B. 
GRASS, B, G wells, gwels, gwelz, gnelz, w. ; gwyls, 

p. ; lousauen, b. 

GRASSHOPPER, «. Ct*lioc-reden, w. ; keliok reden, 
p. Lit, The cock of the fern. Griggan, n. 

GRAVE, 9. B^dh, heydh, w. ; b^th, p. ; vMh, ; v«th, 


GRAVES, 9. BMhiow, bethow. w. ; bedhou, p. ; gw4. 
gion, this is also the plnral of gwdg, a hollow or 
empty place. 

GRAVE-DIGGER, », Derric, w. ; derrick, p. 

GRAVEL, «. Grouan, grean, grou, grow, grouder, p. 
These words are still used for rongh gravelly earth. 

GRAVEL or SAND, «. Tredth, dr^ath, traith, draith, 
p. ; treas, b. 

GRAVEL-PIT, «. Pol grean, w. 

GRAVING TOOL, «. Kolhel gravio, p. 

GREASE, n. Blonec, w. ; blonit, b. ; seym, seim, w. 

GREASE, V. TJre, ire, w. ; ira, p. 

GREASY, adj, Soath, w. 

GREAT, adj, Br4s, w.; brase, c.w. 88; brays, m. 
267 ; braoz. b. ; yr4s, fris, w. ; mogan, maugan, 
pyrn. p. ; hail, b. I-ol maugan, the great pool. Mail 
mSn tor, the great stone tor, b. 

GREAT, HUGE, adj, Ethuc, w. ; ethuk, p. ; ethec, 
w. ; ethek, p. ; ythec, ethyc, w. ; ethyk, ithik, 
ithyk, ithig, uthik, uthy, p. 

GHKAT, MUCH, adj, Mftr, w. ; muer, m. 384; 
meur, m^r, mear, w. ; mere, p. ; meyr, maur, w. ; 
moy, p. ; v^r. fiir, vur, luen, lean, w. ; magan, 
o.x. 1749. 2'hyu?orth$ magan ho grdn, from them 
grace is so great, o«m. 1749. 

GREAT MAN. (Big man). D«n brfts. 

GREAT MAN. (Grandee). Dftn maur. 

GREATER, adj. Brassah, brassach, brassa, ir. ; 
broza, B. ;|mni bras, w. ; mui braoz, p. The same 
words will stand for the comparative or the super- 

GREATER, MORE, adj, Moy, mui, voy, w. 

GRE.ATEST, adj. Brassa, brasa, brasse, w. See 

GREATEST, or MOST, adj. Mochya, w. ; moghia, 
moggha, p. ; mocha, moicha, moycha, moja, w. 

GREATLY, adv. Yn fris, w. 

GREATNKSS, s. Brdsder, vrisder, braster, broster, 
menb, myns, mourder, w. ; moygha, p. 

GREATNK.NS, 9. (High degree). Hunelder, e.d. 
426. Jidk luen St a hanelder, for thou art foil of 
greatness, e.d. 425. 

GREEDY, adj. Grefnye, crefnye, w. ; kiAf, b. 

GREEN, adj, (Colour). Glis, w.; gl4z, glayi, i.; 
lis, w. ; lis, lase, p. ; lays, w. 

GREEN. V. (To be green). Glase, w. ; gkssa, p. 

GREEN, adj, (Verdant.) GwAr, w. ; guer, gear, p.; 
gwirdh, w. ; gwird, b. ; guirt, p. ; guedrak, b. ; gUb, 
w. ; gliz, glays, b. ; las, w. ; Uz, lase, p. ; kys, ▼.; 
verth, T^th, p. 

A GREEN BOUGH. Delkio guer, p. 

A GREEN, A GREEN PLOT. Glassygyon, w. 


A GREEN TREE. Prfen la3s. 

GREET, 9. Dynerchy, w. ; dinerchy, dinyrghy, f.; 
dynerhy, w. ; dynerhi, b. 

GREETED, part. Dynerchys, w. 

GREETING, A GREETING, 9. Dynnaich, dhyn- 
narch, w. 

GREY or GRAY, aaj. (The colour). Glils, w. ; glise, 
glaze, p. ; gl68, gltt}is, lays, b. ; 14s, w. 

GREY, HOAUY, adj, L{iz, loos, 16s, w. ; loose. c.w. 
3/)8 ; luys, ludzh, p. ; loys, lous, w. ; lowyi, b. ; 
luit, w. 

GREYISH- WHITE, adj Luit, w. 

GREYHOUND, 9. Ci hir, w. ; ky-hir, b. Lit, Loof- 
dog; milgi, milgy, w. PL Mylguen, x. 3166. 
Uylguen ha rethgs kej'ry9, greyhounds and nets like- 
wise, M. 3166. 

GRIDIRON, 9, Oilet, b. Also a name for a frying- 

GRIEF, 9. Ancen, anken, w. Mara que'yn thy^9 ankm^ 
if we see grief in thee, p.c. 733 ; ancow, w. } ankoir, 
p. ; ancou, ancouyns, u. ; ancres, awher, w. ; awer, 
M. 231 ; idloys, b. ; beru, vem, w. l.e a cyii m(mei 
heh hem^ I will go without grief, m. 3176; caTOi^i 
cafow, c^n, k^n, chen, ciith, cueth, kueth, gueth, w.; 
kuoth, p. ; cothys, dewon, dewan, dewhan, duwhiB, 
duan, dhuan, w. ; thwan, duwon, duon, p. Imf^ 
thg*m na wra duon, James do not cause grief to m^ 
H.D. 375 ; edrec, edrek, eddrek, w. ; eddiak, b. ; jd- 
drac, w. ; edrege, yddrage, yddraga, p. ; gu, gew, 
wew, gwae, w. ; w^, g&s, p.; galar, gorid, w.; 

Digitized by 





4p&g, lajae, wryth. p. ; poan. b» ; moretb, w. BAg 
mor^th a wra terry ^ for grief will break, o.M. S68. 

GRIEF,*. rGrievanoe. complaint). OrM. Tthoprdg 
pa knes e/KaJw y dhege h$p grif^ now, why not leaTC 
Mm to take his tenth without complaint, cm. 497. 
" From the English," w. 

ORIEVE, V. Dawenhe, duwhen^, dewhanhe, groTya, 
grevye, treynye, trynnyc, trynya, drynya, trop- 
lesy. w. 

GRIEVED, part. Cuthys, w. ; kuef. p. ; gweff, b. ; 
morethec, morethek, vorethec, peynys, poenys, w. ; 
poenis, p. ; grevys. b. 

GRIEVOUS, adj, Bysy, vysy, w. ; (pysy ?) ; anken, 
CM. *2>35. The fdt dhi Idth, yo anXen, to be a man- 
killer is greroos, o.M. 2355 ; grM, p. ; grevye, b. ; 
poys, poes, pAs, piiz. w. ; powz, b. ; powys, p. 

GRIMACES, i, Mowys, w. 

GRIN, «. Discemy, dheskemy, w. ; theskemy, b. ; 
thyskemy, p. ; rynna, scryncy^, skrynkye, w. 

GRIND, V. Melias, w.; meliaz, b. I>ko melum y%, 
to grind com ; pobas, pobaz, p, 

GRINDERS, «. (Teeth). Dens dhelhac, dens 
dhelhor, p. 

GRIPE, ». (A gripe or handful). Manal, w. 

GRIPING, #. (A griping of the bowels.) Qirr, w.; 
gyrr, gerdin, b. 

GROAN, 9 Ega, hynadxha, w. 

GROAN, ». Hynadzhas, w. ; hynadihan, b. 

GROATS, t. (Used as food). Brynnian, brydnian, w. 

GROIN, ». Cetorva, w. ; ketorva, p. 

GROPE, 9. Croppyc, w. 

GROSS, COARSE, adf. Bris, vrAs, w. 

GROSS. FAT, oitj. Berric, w. Pronter hernc, a 
gorbellied priest, p. ; tew, b. ; ten, p. 

GHOftSNESS, Fatness, «. Berri, w. ; tender, p. ; 
tewder, w. 

GROTTO, ». Kavam, b. 

GROUND, M. (The ground, the earth). Dor, doar, 
doer, daor, dhaor, w. ; dour, m. 3228. Then dour 
yatua to the ground with them, m. 3528. ffeth^ 
tfie^n ddr my a^d pys, reach to the ground, I pray thee, 
o.M. 2621 ; an*otir, w. ; dodnan, b. ; gweras, gwjrras, 
gweret, gueret, gwered. w. ; gulan, o.M. 859 ; hue- 
ret, B. Ov enef ha*m corf iha'n yulan, my soul and 
my body to the ground, o.M. 859 ; leur, l^r, luer, Idr, 
■ lear, w. 

GROUND, «. (Land, country, earth, soU), Ttr, tyr, 
tyreth, tipeth, w. 

was said to be kiwUy, 

GROUNDS, i. (Sediment, as of driak). Godhas, 
godho. See SEDIMENT. 

GKOUND-FLOOR, t. Lear, 1^, leur, luer, lAr^ w. 

GROUND-ROOM, f. Soler, w. 

GROUND-STAY, «. Sekerder, p. 

GROUND- WORK, s. S61. seil, seyl, scyle, sol, w. 

GROVE, 8. CiUi, kiUi, keUi, celli, keUy, geUy, w.; 
gilli. p. ; loin, w. ; Ihyn, b. Fellyn, the head of the 
grove, b. 

GROVE-NUrS, #. (Earth-nuts). KiUi-mdr, p. See 

GROW, V. Tevy, tyvy, w. ; teva, tivia, p. 

GROWN, part, Te?ys, tovys, derys, w. 

GROWS. Dyf. Ny dyf gusU^ no grass grows, p. 

HE MAY GROW. Tefo, 3 pers. s. subj. of tevy, to 
grow, w. 

HK WILL GROW. TM, teyf, tyf, and d^f, a muta- 
lion of lef, 3 pers. s. fut. of tevy, to grow. Also dyf, 

LET THEM GROW. Tefyns, 3 pers. pi. imp. of 
tevy, w. 

w. ; muskegy, p. 

TO GROW TIRED OF, v. Dyflase, dhyflase, w. 

GRUB, B. {Larva). Buzuguen. Ph Buzug, b. 

GRUDGE, «. DrogbrAs, sor, sorras, w. 

GRUEL, s. Caul, b. 

GRUMBLE, t. Asoably, p. 

GRUMBLING, #. S6r, sorras, w. ; wow, b. Heh wm, 
without grumbling, b. 

GUARD or RETINUE, «. Coagor, kosgar, w. 

GUARD, 8. (Protection). Wyth, o.M. 1979. B$ 
worro wyth am etU, set a guard over my soul, o.M. 

GUARD, V. Gorwythy, w. ; gorwith, gorquith, p.; 
gwithe, g^^ythe, w. ; guitha, kuitha, b. ; cuitha, p. ; 
W3rthe, b.d. 336. Ordyne tHe the ythd, order men 
to ^uard, b.d. 336, 

GUAltDIAN, 8, Gwithes, gwithias, gwythias, gwy- 
thyas, w. ; gwethyas, cw. 368 ; guithias, cuitiiiaSi 
P* ; guythyap, o.M. 692. The eherubyn an yuyth^oi, 
to the cherub, the guardian, o.M. 692 ; gwithiad, w. ; 
guythyad. guidthiad, b. ; guidthiat, w. 

GUARDIANS or GUARDS, 8. Kuithizi, p. ; guy- 
thysy, K, 

GUARDING AGAINST. Gweras, gwer^, w. ; gwer- 
ras, gweret, p. 

GUDGEON, 8. (One easily imposed upon). Gar- 
gesen, m. 2433. Indelli, ty yaryeeen, so, thou gudgeon, 
M. 2433. 

GUERDON, 8, Gweryson, weryson, w. May an our 
the weryeon, and the gold thy guerdon, b.o. 1677. 

GUIDE or RULE, v. Roulla, b. /-^ i ' 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 





GUIDE, 8. Dyskas, b. 

GUILE, i. Gowegneth, gouegneth, gouegueth, p.; 
tfill, teul, towl, toul, w. ; gyll, c.w. 58. 

GUILLEMOT, s. (Sea bird). Kiddaw, miir, murre, 
mor, D. 

GUILT, *. Acbos. PL Acheson, w. 

GUILTLESS, adf. Dib^h. w. 

GUINEA-COCK, «. K6k gini. Zar, for cock or ben, p. 

GULF, s, (Cbasm). Downder, w. ; donnder, b. ; 
swallet, D. 

GULF, 8. (Of water). Aber, liz, p. 

GULL, 8. (Bird). Saitbor, setbar, zetbar, gwilan, 
gwylan, w. ; guilan, p. ; gullan, w. PL Guller, 
p. ; gullez, B. 

A GREY GULL. Wagel, d. 

GULLET or THROAT, #. Brangian. briangen. brian- 
sen, brianten, brandzbian, w. ; brandzian, brangain, 
B. ; brandzbia, branzia, vyrongen, p. ; clunker, d. 


GURNET or GURNARD. 8. Pengarn, pengurn. b. 
Lit, Rockbead. Perbaps so named from its aogular- 
Ij formed bead. In tbe dialect it is called elUek, or 

GUSH OUT, r. Divery, p. ; tardh^, b. 

GUSHED, part. Tartbas, resas, b. 

GUST, «. (A strong one of wind). Flaw, flangb, d. 
Yromjlawy a cut. Also called teat, d. 

GUSTY, ad; Auelek, b. 

GUT or ENTRAIL, s. Colon. PL Coloniou, kyly- 
rion, B. 

GUTTER, 8. Shanol, w. 


•* This letter, sounded as in EngUsb, is not only an 
aspiration, but a distinct letter, and has two separate 

First, it is employed to aspirate initial vowels after 
certain words preceding:— thus ffalla/y I am able; 
ny allaf, I am not able ; may haflaf, that I may be 
able ; gallouch, ye are able ; ny aliouch, ye are not 
able ; may hallouch^ that ye may be able. 

Secondly, in Comisb h is frequently used as a substitute 
for tbe guttural ch: — thus tchSh for clw4eh^ six; 
mark for march, a horse ; golhy for golcky^ to wasb ; 
dh'y huhudha. for dh^y chnhudha, to accuse ber ; yn y 
holm, for yn y chohny in ber heart," w. Lex, Corn, 

HABERGEON, «. Hobersen, e.d. 2536. 

HABITAIION, 8. (A dwelling-place). Tre, trev, 
regva, trigva, drigva, annMh, asMh, w. ; cby, p. 

HAG, 8. Diowl^Sy d^bowles, w. ; dzboul6s, dyallas, 
diaul. p. 

HAGGARD, adj, Hager, bagar, z. 

HAIL, 8. (Of weather). Ceser, w. ; keser, p. ; keser, 
kezzar, w. ; kezzor, p. 

HAIL. (An exclamation). Lowene, o.m. 2211. (h 
arluth hwme thye^ my Lord, bail to thee. Cm 2211. 

HAIR, *. (A hair). Blewen. PL Blewennow, ylewen- 
now, w. 

HAIK, «. (In the mass). Bleu, blew, b. ; Ueawe, 
bleaw. c.w. 1666, 1605. Saw me a'e f>4yk gam ew 
blew, but I will dry them with my hair, p.'-. 484 ; 
thyu, p. Syghye y dreye gane the thyu pUth, thou 
wipest bis feet with ihj hair spread, p, ; gols, gwalht, 
w. ; gualht, p. ; cudin, kydynnou, b. 

A LOCK OF HAIR. Cudin, w.; gols, gwalht, w.; 
gualht, p. 

THE HAIR OF THE HEAD. Blew an pen, w.; 
bleu an pedn, p. ; blewynpen, b. 

HAIRY, adj\ Blewac, bleuak, p. ; blewake, c.w. 1586. 

HAKE, 8, (Fisb). Denjack, densbocdoar, p. ; dens- 
hoc dour, w. 

HALF, 8, Hanter, w. Try deydh ha hanter, three 
days and a half. 

HALF-PENNY, 8, Demma, p.c. 2263 ; banter diner, 
w. ; banter dinair, p, 

HALF A YARD. Cevelyn, kevelyn, cyrelyn, w.; 
kyvelyn, p. ; gevelyn, w. 

HALM, HALM, HAUM, 8. Soul, zoul, w. 

HALL, 8. H^l, h^U, w. Omma gynen bye y'th kOy 
here with us, even to thy haU, p.c. 1203 ; bindoni, 
(perhaps buidom) w. 

THIS HALL. H^lma. p. 

HALL, COURT, oi PALACE, e. I^s, lisv lys, w. 

HALLOO or SHOUT, v. Helwy, hilwy, hylwy, w. 

HALLOW, V, Benigia, sone, sona, zona, ucbelle, 
ubelle, w. 

HALTER, 8. Maglen, w. ; kebister, b. ; colmen, cel- 
mcD, gelmen, w. ; golmen, p.c. 177. 

HAMMER, 8. Morthol, w. ; mortholl, morzol, orz, i. 

A LITTLE HAMMER. Gybeddem, b. 

A MINER'S HAMMER. Bucker, d. 

HAMMERED, part Morthelec, morthelek, w. 

HAMMERER, 8. {i.e., A breaker up of ore). Spaller,D. 

HAND, 8. Dom, dhom, doom, w. ; doam, c.w. 1142; 
dum, w. ; dam, dham, tarn, p. ; torn, w. Ith tor% 
in thy hand ; thorn, o.m. 205 ; lau, luef, lof, IH, 
leyf , w. ; Icfl, leyff, layff, l^v, le, la, b. ; 1^, leM, 
lov, luf, p. 

HANDS, 8. (Hands generally). Dalhennow, p.c 
1126; domow, H. 

Digitized by 





HANDS, THE TWO HANDS, t. Dewltf, dewUff, 
djwlW, dyulftf, dewing, dywluM, duildt dule, dew- 
le, deule, dbewle, dywle, dynle, diwla, dula, dhnla, 
w. ; thewlMP, thewle, b. ; thywle, k. ; thevole, p. 


THE LEFT HAND. Dom glMh, w. ; luef gUth, 
(deth), K. 

THE RIGHT HAND. Dom dehow, w. ; dom 
djhow, p. ; leff dygbow, c.w. 2215. 

HANDBAUROW, s. Gravar dhula, gravar dula, 
w. ; gravar dowla, b. 


HAND-BASKET, «. Basced dom, w. 

HAND-BOOK or MANUAL, s. Coweidliyer, cow- 
aithliTer, w. 

HANDFUL, t. Manal, w. ; stoUof, b. 

HANDKERCHIEF, s. Follat, b. ; hynelep, p.; 
stdUof, w. ; naddn, d. 

HAND-MILL, $. Brou, w. 

HANDLE, i. Dom, dhom, w. 

HANDLE, r. Daya, w. ; dyghty, tiiyghtye, p. 

HANDLE CARELESSLY, v. (To soil, to crample). 
FooBse, D. 

HANDMAID, $. Mow^s, o.m. 2071 ; p.o. 1876. 

HANG, V. (To raspend, to be hanging, to be banged). 

Crogy» gT©gy» crogi» grogy, w. 
HANG, V. (To bang one^s self). Omgregy, ym- 

gregy, w. 
EAKGED, pari. Crogas, crogys, grogyas, p. ; kregys, 

C.W. 2317. 

HANGING, part, Grog6, p. ; cregy, m. 1668. War 
he^ Unna ha cregy, on pain of drawing and banging, 
M. 1668. 

HANGING. #. (A suspension). Cr6c, cr5k, cr5g, 
w. Crog r^om oo er an thewen, banging be to me by 
the gods, O.M. 2651. 

Hanging, adj, Cr6c, kr5k, creg, w. 

HAPPEN, V. Codba, codb^, digwydba, w. ; dig- 
wyddo, b. ; wbarfds, bapya, w. 

HAPPENED, part Wbyrfys, From wharfos. 

IT HAPPENED. 1. Wbyrfys, wbyrys. 

2. Ydbapyas. Composed of gdh and hapyas, 8 
pers. s. preter. of hapya, \m bappen, w. 

rr MAT HAPPEN. Wbarfo, warfo, bwarfo, 8 pers. 
s. subj. of wharfos f to bappen or occur, w. 

HE WILL HAPPEN. Wbyrfytb, 3 pers. s. fut. of 
wharf 09, 

HAPPINESS, $. Clds, w. ; kl6s, p. ; eyrysder, w. ; 
eyrisder, eurmat, enr, dedwyddweb, b. DycUdi^ 
without bappiness. 

HAPPY, a<fy\ Fodic, p. ; garm, b. ; gwyn, guyn, guin, 
guidn, p. Gfuin 3y«, bappy world, p. Guyn y vy» 
pan ve gynyt, happy is be tbat is bora, o.m. 1479. 

HARBOUR, s, Pdrtb, w. ; p6rb, p6r, b. 

HARD, adf, Cales, calas, calys, w. ; callys, luJisb^ 
B. ; calisb, callisb, cals, gal6s, w. ; galas, p. The 
colon yw caUs hrds, tby beart is very ba^, o.m. 1525 ; 
cr^f, O.M. 1490. Ab'« yorren y thy whyl erif, tbat I 
put tbee not to bard work, o.m. 1490; sertb, w. 
(stifP, bard). An ipikyt urth, tbe stiff or bard spikes. 

HARDEST, adj. Calessa, calassa, calatsba, w. ; ka- 
latsa, B. 

HARD-HEARTED, adj. Wberow, cbuero, w. 

HARDNESS, «. Calatter, caletter, w. ; kalatter, p. ; 
kaletter, mael, b. 

HARDSHIP, s. Diir, wbeal ober, p. 

HARDT, adj. (Strong, vigorous). CrM, crtr, w.; 
kr^v, B. ; crif, cryff, ciyf, w. 

HARE, ». Scoyaraec, scoyarnog, w. ; scovamoeg, 
skyuaraak, p. ; scywarnac, w. In Cornwall tbey 
still use tbe names ikavamak, ikavamoeck, scavarnoy, 
and icavcmickf for a bare. Lit. Long-eared. 


HARK! LISTEN. Golsow, p. 

HARLOT, s. DrCitb, w. 

HARM, i. Drftc, diok. drdg, trftc, anfugy, enfugj, 
mysbyf, w, 

HARP, 8. Telein, w. ; barfel, b. 

HARPER, s. Teleinior, w. 

HARROW, A HARROW, ». Klodzbaz, imkkan, ba- 
rau, p. Pryce gives Aoroii for arrow, q.v. 

HARROW, V. (To barrow tbe clods). Klodzbaz, b. ; 
klodzbia, p. 

HART or STAO, s. Carow, w. ; carou, camu, karo, 
kara, caro, b. ; carov, m. 1618 ; gollon, b. 

HARVEST, s. (Harvest time). Cyniaf, w. ; kyniaf, 
p. ; kyniav, cidniadb, cidniaz, w. ; kidniaz, kyniau, 

HARVEST, 8. (Tbe barvest). Hitadver, w. ; bita- 
duer, p. 

HARVEST-HOME, «. (Harvest-borne supper). IHck- 
ly-tbize, n. 

HASH, ». Creby, m. 2418. Jfcaraathpcn crchy, 1 
will make of tby bead a basb, m. 2418. 

HASH, 8. (Of beef and potatoes). Scably-gulyan, 


HASTE, i. Tootb, t6tb, toutb, towtb, toytb, p.; 

ddtb, w. ; ad6tb, b. ; dewbans, tewye, p. ; totta, 

O.M. 1036. Gam tauth brdt, witb great baste, p.o. 

HASTE, HASTE. (Make baste). Hysty, b. 


by Google 




HASTEN, V. (To make haste). Fystyne, fystena, 
fysteny, f jstynny, festena, w. ; dho festinna, p. ; 
festynDa, w. ; dhe tooth, p. ; spedye, b. 

HASTILY, adv. Out, cot, w. ; got, p. 

HASTY- PUDDING, «. Jot. pot guidn, p. Z»^. White 
pudding. The Cornish use the tenn ** white-pot." 

HAT, i. Dehr dour. Lit, Wat*r saddle ; hot, hat, w. 

HATBAND, s. Snod, b. 

HATCHET, «. Bial, w. ; hiail, p. ; bool, bfil, bony, 
pony, w. ; dag, d. 

HATE, V. Case, w. 

HATEFUL, ad;\ Ahas, cesadow, casadow, w. ; kesa- 
dow, p. ; gasadow, w. 

HATRED, «. C4s, gls, w. ; torkhan, b. ; ate, p. 

HAUGHTY, ad/. Gothys, othys, houtyn. w. Hay 
mar houtyn body, or so haughty his body, b.d. 5 45. 

HAUNCH, M. Cliin, pencltin, w. ; penklyn, pedrain, 
B ; pedren, patshan, w. ; tarneuhon, b. 

HAVE, V. Cafus, cafos, cafes, cafel, w. ; kaffel, b. ; 
cavcl, gavel, gaval, cavos, w. ; cavoz, p. ; cawas, 
w. ; kauaz, p. ; gawas, cowas, w. ; kouaz, p. ; gowas, 
w. ; gouas, b. ; gouaz, p. ; gevas, b. ; cael, w. ; beel, 
unsa, p. Uhsa may joy, to have more joy, p. ; yet, 
fet, p. Ou eris a fet benary, my peace thou shalt 
have for ever, p. ; genyth, p. Ef an genyth war an ehalf 
he shall have it on the cheek, p. 

HAVE. Wull, well, b. Had, A well, b. 

I HAVE. Ma d*hymmo. Lit There is to me, b. ; 

buof , p. 
HAVE YOU ? Bues why ? p. 
I HAVE NOT. Numbus, m. 5632. Numbus bews, 1 

have not life, m. 2632 ; nymbes, c.w. 16b5. 

I DID HAVE. Gyfyn, a mutation of eyfyn, 1 pers. b. 
imperf. of ea/os, to have, w. 

I HAD. Buof, p, 

HE HAD. 1. Gavas, a mutation of eavas or ea/as, to 
have> w. 

2. J eves, a corruption of yevis, a mutation of 
C9vds or cf/iSf 3 pers. s. preter. of cq/bs, w. 

3. Gev^, a mutation of cevS, 8 pers. sing. imp. of 
cafus, to have, w. 

4. Geves, gefes, mutations of eevds, 3 pers. s. 
preter. of cafus, w. 

HE DID HAVE. Cef^, oeve. The mutations are 
gefc, geve, 3 pers. s. imperf. of cafos, to have, w. 

WE HAD. Cafas, oafes: The mutations gafas, gaf^. 

I SHALL or WILL HAVE. Oafaf, w. 

THOU SHALT HAVE. Cefyth, kefyth, cevyth; 
also gefyth, a mutation of cevyth, and gyffy, a muta- 
tion of cyjfy, 2 pers. s. fut. of cafos, to have, w. 

HE SHALL HAVE. 1. C4v, 3 pert. s. fut. of cavas 
or cavcl, to have, w. 

2. C^f, 3 pers. s. fut. of cqfos. In constmctioii 

3. Gyfy a mutation of cyf, 3 pers. s. fut of cafis. 

4. Cyf, kyf. Also, gevyth, gefyth, mutations of 
cevyth and cefyth, 3 pero. s. fUt. of cafus, to 
have, w. 

WE SHALL HAVE. 1. Can, gan. ^aii, isamn- 
tation of can, 1 pert. pi. fut of cavat, to have, w. 

2. Cefyn, kefyn, gefyn. Gejyn, is a mutation d 
ce/yn, or kejyn, 1 pers. pi. fut. of cajos, to 
have, w. 

3. Ni a gan, w. 

YE S H A LL HAVE. Geuh, a mutation of ceuh, id. fl, 
ceuch, 2 pers. pi. fut. of cad, to have, w. 

THEY SHALL HAVE. Cans, gans. Gam, is a mn- 
tation of cant, 3 pers. pi. fut. of eopac^ to have, ▼. 

I MAY HAVE. Bome, cafen, caffen, w. 

HE MAY or SHOULD HAVE. Geffo, a mutation of 
ceffo ; gyff e, a mutation of cyffe ; also written gyfyc ; 
and jeffo, a corruption of yeffo (by softening the f) 
which is a mutation of cefo, 3 pert. a. tubj. of erfoi, 
to have, w. 

THEY MAY HAVE. Cafons, cefone, w. 

HE WOULD HAVE. Caffe, gaffe, cyfye, gyfyc, 3 
pers. s. subj. of cafos, to have, w. 

HAVEN, 8. Hean, p. ; haun, b. 

HAWK, i. Bidnethein, w. ; bidnepein, bideven, b. ; 
bidnewin, p. ; f aucon, b. ; -cryssat, w. Pryce calls a 
crest hawk kryteat. 

HAWKER, *. (Dealer). Goccor, gwiccur, w. 

HAWK-WEblD, i. (The mouse^ar kind). Fekn, ». 


HAY, s. Foen, b. ; guyraf, gorra, w. ; gorrc, 
lOitl Oorri hag ey% kemythys, hay and com mixed, 
o.M. 1067. 

LIGHT HAY or GRASS. . Sprowse, n. 

HAZARD, ». Antell, p. ; cellad, w. 


HAZARDOUS, adj. Dyantell, dyantel, w. ; dyantii, 

HAZEL, i. (A hazeLtree.) Colhen, b. ; colwidheo, 
colwiden, golwidhen, gwedhan cnyfan, w. ; guedhta 
knyfan, p. 

HAZEL-NUT, ». In the Cornish dialect it is called t 

HAZELS, A HAZEL GROVE, «. Cothwyn, gelli, 
B. ; gelly, gilly, w. ; gillis, p. TregeUi, town of 
hasels, b. The word toton is used for grmte. In 
Cornwall the> call a grove of trees a ''town of 

HE, pron. Ef, e, y, k. ; fe, w. A form id ef $sA 
vised, generally after the verb. The letter o is only 

Digitized by 





used in composition with prepositions, as gansOf with 
him or it ; orio, to him or it ; j/nno, in him or it. 
Pryce makes it so, as, Ifer Christ marotv vefut m, if 
Christ dead was he. Yth, b. ; Tih ymwanis, he 
stabhed himself. Ev, ve, w. ; eu, p. ; bos, boz, henna, 
haneth« b. 

HE HIMSELF. Evhonnen, p. 

HE THAT. Nib, nip; sM, suel, w. ; bnel, b. 

HE WHO Nib, nip, nif, b. 

THAN HE. Agesso, w. 

HEAD, s, (Top, chief, beginning, the head, end). 
Pen, pedo, pyn, ben, fen, fin, fyn, fedn. War th$ 
pen y th$newy, upon thy head I will pour it, p.c. 487. 
The forms, pyn, byn, bidn, are used in the formation 
of the preposition warhyn, against, w. Pryce giyes 
pednan, for head. 

HEAD or POLL, «. Pol, w. 

EVERY HEAD. Setters pol, p. ; kettep pol, p.c. 241. 

THE BACK OF THE HEAD. Pol kil, b. 

HEAD-COVERINO, «. Penguch, w. 

HEAD OF THE FAMILY. Penteilu, w.; penteileu, 
penteyley, b. 

HEAD OF THE TABLE. Pen an voys, m. 281. 

HEAD AND TAIL. Pedn ha teen, w. 

HEAD or SUMMIT. Pen, pedn, w. ; pednan, p. 

HEAD or HILL, s. Men, p. 

BEAD or SOURCE, s, Mamen, b. 

HEAD OF AN ARROW. Peyll, cw. 1660. 
Tenhy in ban besyn peyll, drew it {arrow) up to the 
head, c.w. 1660. 

HEADLAND, s, Penryn {pen ryn), trein, tron„w. 

HEADS AND TAILS. (A game with pins). Pedn- 
ameny, pedn-a-mean, b.y. 

HEAL, V, lachi, yache, w. ; yaghy, yehes, p. ; jehes, 
o.M. 1794 ; gweres, w. ; gueres, p. ; weres, w. ; 
guerir, dythgya, p. 

HEAL, TO BE HBALFJ), r. 8awy6, w. 

HEALED, part. Saw, w. ; sau ; zehes, p. 

HEALING or CURE, s. Yehes, m. 701 ; yeheys, m. 
1836. Tehds dywy re grontya, grant healing to you, 
M. 701 ; savment \saument) m: 1638. 

HEALTH, ». Yeches, w. ; yeghes, b.d. 1716 ; yaghes, 
yehas, ehaz, p. ; yaz, b. ; iaches, iech^s, w. ; hega- 
ratyz, b. 

HEALTBn''UL, adj. Sawell (saw-ell), p. ; sawsac, w. 

HEALTHY, SOUND, adj. lach, y4ch, w. ; jack, b. 

HEALTH TO YOU. Sewena, sowena, p. 

HEAP, s. Bum, htum, bem, din, grachel, w. ; cruc, 
cre^, cryk, p. 

A HEAP OF STONES. CAm, w. ; kAm, b. ; keame, 
p. ; kamedh, b. 

A HEAP OF TURK. (A round one). Pooc, pook, 
pouk, w. ; puuk, b. The name pook for a round heap 
of turf cut for fuel, is still in common use in Corn- 

HEAP or HILLOCK OF SAND. Towan, towim 
tewen, towyn, tuan, tuen, tuyn, p. Sand heaps, or 
hillocks of sand, especially those above high tide near 
the sea shore, are still commonly called towans. Sand 
mounds covered with grass are also so called, and the 
sheep fed there are called towan mutton, 

HEAP UP, V. Tholya, p. 

HEAR, V. Clewas, clewes, w. ; reclewes, klyuas, 
glewas, gleuas. p. ; dewo, glewo, b. ; klowo, p. ; 
Clowes, w. ; cUweys, m. 806 ; glowes, clowas, w. ; 
clowaz, dho glowaz, glouaz, glouas, p. 

HEARD. Gleu, glavis, b. 
BY HEARING. Worth glowes, w. 
I HEARD. Glowys, a mutation of elowys, 1 pen. 
s. preter. of clowas, to hear, w. 

THOU HEARDEST. Glowsys, a mutation of elow- 
sys, 2 pers. s. preter. of clowas, to hear, w. 

2. Glewas, a mutation of clewas, 2 pers. s. preter. 
of clewas. 
YE HEARD. Glewseuch, glewsyuch, a mutation of 
cUwseuch, 2 pers. pL preter. of clowas, to hear, w. 

I SHALL HEAR. Glewaf, a mutation of cUwaf^ 1 
pers. s. fut. of clewas, to hear, w. 

HE WILL HEAR. Glew, glow, mutations of (dew, 
and clow, 3 pers. s. fut. of clewas and clowas, to 
hear, w. 

HEAR THOU. Glu, a mutation of elu, id. q^. 
clew, 2 pers. s. imp. of clewas, to hear, w. 

HEAR YE. Glewyuch, a mutation of clewyuch, 2 
pers. pi. imp. of dewas, to hear. Clowugh, m. 1890. 

HE MAY HEAR. Glewfo, a mutation of clew/o, 5 
pers. s. subj. of clewas, to hear, w. 

HEARKEN, V. Gblsowas, w. ; guzuwaz, b. Qwd 
yw ymuwaz, it is better to hearken ; wolsowas, w. ; 
wolsowasy, p. ; gola, gole, w. ; grilla, p. ; cola, 
cole, w. 

HEARD or HEARKENED TO. Colewuys, gyayuai, 


HEARKEN THOU. Golsow, goslov. ffoslow is a 
corrupt form of golsow, 2 pers. s. imp. of yolsowas^ 
to hearken. Cool, from cola, to hearken, w. 

HEARKEN THOU TO ME. Gethym (je thym), 
cool gethym, p. 

HEARKEN YE. Golsoweuch, gosloweuch. The 
latter word is a corruption of golsoweuch, 2 pert. pL 
imp. of goUowas, to hearken, w. 

HEAR, HEARKEN. Oyeth (Norm. French, Oie%), w. 

HEARING, s. (The sense of hearing). Clevet, w. ; 
klevet, B. ; dowans, w. ; clowance, p. 

Digitized by 

Google H 




HEART, THE HEART, *. Colon, golon, holon, 
Ow holon, my heart, wholon, w. ; collon, gollon, 
hollon, colan, b. ; kolan, p. ; colen, o.m. 428 ; 
golan, holan, w. ; goUan, hoUan, c.w. 284, 734. Ou 
holany my heart, p. 

WITH ONE HEART. Kfts colon, p.c 1076. Ha 
kSt colon ol pesough, and with one heart all pray, 
p c. 1076. 

A HARD HEART. Colon galas, p. 


THE BLOOD OF MY HEART. Gos ow holon, h. 

HEART or MIDST, 5. Crfcs, creyg, w. ; cr*z, krtz, 
B. ; crys, crdd, w. 

HEARTH, s. Olas, w. ; olaz, p. ; ollas, oleas, b. ; 
^, p G. 1244. Oans y lappa worth an ith, with his 
lap to the hearth, p.c. 1244 ; fdc, fok, f6g, ahimhla, w. 

HEARTILY, adv, Colonnek, m. 3103. MonSs dotho 
coknnek, go to him heartily, m. 3103. 

HEARTY, adj. (Sincere, jolly, ▼aliant). Colannao, 
w. ; collannak, p. kolannak, b. ; colanac, oolenec, 
w. ; colonnek, if. 32; kalonek, kaledneck, p.; 
cylednac, w. 

HEAT, s, Tumder, tomder, w. ; tombder, b, ; tom- 
dar. c.w. 1668 ; toimder, tymder, w. ; tunder, (?) b. ; 
tumma, p. ; Ms, w. ; gures, gres, p. See alto 

HEATED, adf. See HOT. 

HALF HOT or HALF HEATED. (As of anoren). 
Sam, zam, n. 

HEATH, s. (A heath-field). R68, b. 

HEATH, s. (The plant). Grig, griglan, w. ; gryg- 
lans, B. 

HEATHEN, «. Sarsyn. Properly the name for a 
Saracen, but used for heathen also. 

HEAVEN, «. NAf, w. ; neff, b. ; neif, c.w. 139 ; 
neyf , c.w. 1 430 ; neef , c.w. 2469 ; n^v, w. ; neve, 
p. ; reu, b. The heavent, the eky. The same words 
as for heaven. 

HEAVY, adj. (As to weight). Poys, boys, p6s, 
w. ; bfts, p. ; poes, w. ; powz, b. ; powys, p. ; 
p<iz, w. 

HEAVY, adj. (Oppressive, sad). Gryvye, 1921. 
Tma hun orth ov gryvye, sleep is heavy on me, cm. 
1921 ; trom, o.H. 1209. Trom dyalwar ol an veys, 
heavy vengeance on all the world, o.m. 1209. 

HEAVINESS, 8. (Drowsiness). Possygyon, w. 

HEAVINESS, ». (As to weight), Pysder, w. 

HEAVILY, adv. Pos, B.n. 611. May fe me re goskds 
p6», my faith ! I have slept heavily, b,d. 511. 

HEBREW, adj. Ebbrow, w. 

HEDGE, r. (To build a hedge). Dho keaz. p. 

HEDGE, 8. Ce, w. ; ke, kea, p. ; ge, w. The dij 
stone hedge of a mine, or a clay- work, is called 
etillen, or stylen, and the building of it is styltn. 

A HEDGE, DAM, or LOW RIDGE. Astyllen, d. 

A SMALL TTTRF-HEDGE. Durgy. Probably this 
word first meant a water dyke, as from ditr, water, 
ge, a fence, w. 

gtirgy, n. 

A HEDGE GAP. Clfit, cluit, n. 

A Wattled hedge gap. Pnth, freath, vreath, i. 

HEDGEHOG, s. Sort, sart, aart, w. ; brath-key, p. 

HEDGE-SPARROW, s. Golvan ge, gylvan ge, w.; 
gyliang^, b, ; the ge is pronounced ghe. 

HEED, ». Vihith. Dho kimerae vihith, to toke heed, b. 

HEEL, A HEEL, s. Gueuan, p. 

HEEL-BONE, «. Lifem, Hvem, ufem, ir. 

HEITER, $. Ledzhec, w. ; ledzhek, ledzick, p. 

HEIGHT, A HEIGHT, «. Ban, pan, van, top, 
thop, w. 

HEIGHT, $. (Highness, loftiness). Ueheldw, 
uholder, ewhelder, huhelder, w^. ; hnheldar, p.; 
euhelder, ughelder, b. 

HELD, part. Sensys, sengys, syngys, w. See TO 

HELL, «. Ifam, w. ; efam, c.w. 244 ; effam, 
yfPam, yfam, w. ; yfeme, m. 1256 ; yflfran, b. M 
yn yfam ow leeky, to be in hell burning, bj). 1457. 

HELP, », Gweras, w. ; gueras, b. ; gweres, w. ; 
guer^s, U. 3106. Jfanaffl the welds guerSe, I will to 
seek help, M. 3209; guertys, m. 3190; gwerm, 
gweret, p. ; keweres, b. ; cy weras. w. ; kyuena, 
uerraz, p. ; weras, b. ; weres, w. jRdk the weris gv 
parys, for thy help is prepared, p.c. 2797. 

HELP, V. Gweras, w. ; guercs, p. weres, yr. 

LET HIM HELP. Wereses, a mutation of gwerteit, 
3 pers. 8. imp. of gwerie, to help, w. 

HELP ONE'S SELF, v. Omweras, ymwer^ w. 

HELPFUL, a^\ Hewer^s, m. 3132. Bewerit prtH 

orth tUs du, helpful always towards God's people, 

M. 3132. 

HELPLESS, adj. Dyckl^s, c.w. 1031. 

HELPMATE, #. Cowethes, howeth^s, w. An m 
eowethds ordnye, of the true helpmate ordained, ox 

HELTER-SKELTER. OodeUdoodel, n. 

HELVETIAN, A HELVETIAN, e. Hiuhvoehet, i. 

HEM, «. (Of a garment). Pillen, b. 

HEMLOCK, «. Cegas, kegas, w.; kegaz« p. Sea 

HEMP, 8. Oiier, w. ; kiier, p. 

Digitized by 






HEN, t. G4r, w. ; giar, b. ; i4r, j4r, w. ; y4r, p. PI. 
Tftr, w. 

HEN'S NEST. Nyth yAr, p. 

HEFS-PATH, or WAY, «. Voryer, d. 

HENBANE, #. {Hyonoyamw niger). Gnhen, w. 

HENCE, adv, Alemma, w. ; alema, k. 659 ; alebma, 
p. Ffy%tyn alemma duwhans^ hasten hence quickly, 
o.M. 1 69. Vh pols hi/hen alemma, a little while hence, 
o.M. 1269 ; ahanen, w. ; ahanan, p.g. 465. Symon 
jikd dUn ahanan, Simon Judas, let us go hence, p.c. 
465 ; lemma, lebma, p. 

HENCEFORTH, adv. Gwose-ma, w. ; udzhema, 
ndzhe-hemma, udzhena, p. ; udzha, b. ; udzhe. p. ; 
guozemma, b. ; woza-hemma, uoza-hemma, wage- 
hemma, ombdina, p. ; wose-helma, m. 1073 ; dive- 
tha, p. 

HER, pron. Y, w. ; ye, c.w. 914 ; hye, p. ; hy, hi, 
h y8» y's. w. ; yr, B. ; as, a's, a, w. ; se, b. 

HER'S, pron. Y, i, si, u, p. 

AND HER'S. Hay {ha hy), hath, p. 

AT HER. Worty, orty, w. 

BY HER. Worty, orty, gynsy, gensy, w. ; drythy, k. 

FOR HER. Ryghty, w. ; rdgthy, n. (rdy4y). 

FROM HER. A^ {an hy), anethy, worty, orty, dy- 
worty, w. 

IN HEK. Ynny {yn-hy), w. 

OF HER. Anedhy, anethy, annethy, w. ; ay {an-hy), 

TO HER. Thethy, v.; thuthy, thys, b. ; dedhy, 
dhedhy, dydy, w. ; dhyddi, p. ; dy {do-hy), dethy, 
w. ; worty, orty, w. ; ortye, c.w. 892 ; orty hy, c w. 

UPON HER. Warnethy v. 

WITH HER. Gynsy. gensy, w. 

HERB, s. (A herb, any herb). Los, lus, l^s, leys, 
w. ; lushan, lysuan, lyzuan, b. ; losowen, m. 1483. 

HERBS, s. Losow, lusow, lusu, lyswys, losowes, 
losowys, w. ; luzu, lozouez, lyzuyz, p. 

HERBAGE, #. Gwells, gwels, gwelz, guelz, w. ; 
gwyls, lousaouen, b. 

HERCULES, s. Erchyll, b. 

HERD, A HERD. s. Tonec, tonek, w. ; praed, b. 

HERDSMAN, s. Bugel, begel, bigel, bygel, w. ; be- 
gol, bizel, B. ; kuithyas, guithiat, p. 

HERE, THIS PLACE. Omma, w. ; omm^, v. Ot 
omm^ an yua/t, sec here the fellow, r.d 1803; oma, 
X. 2932. Oma yma meryasek, here is Meriasek, m. 2932; 
umma, w. ; unna (?), vynna, p. ; ymma, yma, obma, 
nbma, ybma, obba, w. ; ubba, p. ; hubba, b. ; uppa, 
ybba, w. ; helma le, p. ; lemma, w. {A Itmma, £rom 
here) ; lebma, lebba, w. 

HERE, THERE. D*v. d«. Used indifferently to 
signify here or there. Div tih a hrSn, there's a ^ir 
tree, or here is a fair tree, p. 

HERE THEY ARE. Ottengy, p, 

HEREAFTER. Gwose-ma. w. ; guozemma, b. ; woza 
hemma, p. ; wose helma. m 1072. Oe/toys vyth womS 
helma^ shall be called hereafter, K. 1072; wag6- 
hemma. p. ; udzhema. w. ; udzhemma. b. ; udzhe- 
henna, udzhena. udzhedda, p. ; udzha, b. ; udzhe, 
divetha, ombdina, p. 

HEREUPON. Gans-hemma, gans-hena. b. ; alebma, 

HERITAGE, n. Ertech, w. ; hertons, m. 2452. In 
ov hertons dith na nds, in my heritage, day or night, 
X. 2452. 

HERMAPHRODITE, s. Gur-a-vau. b. {Fulvatui 
homo, Lat.) 

HERMIT, s. Ancar, w. ; erhmit, b. ; hermit, p. 

HERMITAGE, s. Ancar. {Polwhele). 

HERON, t. Cerhidh, w. ; kerhidh, p. ; oherhit kerhes, 
w. ; kerheis, b. 

HERRING, i. Heman guidn. Lit. A white pilchard, 
p. ; alloc, B. A general term also for pUchards ; 
hering, p. 

HESITATION, «. Let, w. ; lettye, p.c. 591 Govyn 
worthy^n hep lettye, ask of us without hesitation, p.o. 

HEW, V. Squattya, skuattia, scuattya, dho skuattya, 
sguattia, w. 

HIDE. ». (Of an animal). Cun, w. ; kroin, lezr, b. ; 
krohan, p. See SKIN. 

HIDE, V. (Conceal). Cudhe, cudha, cutha, cuthe, w. ; 
kuthe, p. ; gutha, c.w. 870 ; hudha, cidha, citha. w. ; 
kith, kitha, p. ; kidha, b. ; githa, p. ; celes, keles, w. ; 
gellas, c.w. 1 245 ; gorhery, w. Hay why a pys an 
runi/ow Waqat gorhery, and ye shall pray tho hUls to 
hide you. p.c. 2654-5. 

HE MAY HIDE. Gudho, a mutation of cudho, 3 
pers. s. Fubj. of cudhi, to hide, w. 

HID or HIDDEN. Gollas, gyld, b. ; cuthens, p. 


HIDING-HOLE. e. Cuziat, b. 

HIDING-PLACE, $. Danva, w. 

HIGH, adj. Uch, huch, uchel, w. ; huth, cuth, p. ; 
ard, arth, earth, w. ; warth. worth, wurth, p. ; gwarth, 
ev%hal, euhel, w. ; euhell, p.; huhel. w. ; euhal, 
yuhal, B ; uhal, uhall, p. ; euhual, w. ; uthall, uhan, 
p. ; ban. pan, w. ; doun, p. ; lae, b. ; tal. Tal cam^ 
the high rock, w. 

HIGH, CONSPICUOUS, adj. Guydh, p. ; gwydh, 
gwydd, B. 

ON HIGH. Uchon, uchan, Us, w. ; a huhon, bun- 
helder, p. 

Digitized by 







SO HIGH. Mar iuhal, w. 

HIGHER, adj. Gwarra, w. ; guarra, uarrah, p. ; war- 
thah, w. ; wartha, wortha, vurth, p. 

HIGHEST, adj, G wartha, warrah, w. ; uarrah, p. ; 
uhella, ir. ; uchaf, w. 

HIGH-FLOWN, adj, Moureriac, w. ; moureriak, b. 

HIGHLANDER, «. Hiuhvoeliet, b. 

HIGHNESS, %, Uchelder, w. ; ughelder, b. ; uhelder, 
huhelder, w. ; huheldar, p. 

HIGH-PRIEST, #. Volaveth, w. ; volaneth, p.c. 953. 

HIGH-WORDED, adj. Moureriac, w. ; moureriak, b. 

HIGI.Y PLACED. (That which is highly placed). 
Tallic, w. ; talllck, tallock, tallack, p. 

A HIGH PLACE. Gale, b. 

BILL. # Brea, hre, hrey, bray, bry, pry. vr^. MoelvrS, 
the bare hill ; ben, bin, byn, bin, p4n, Tin, p. ; hem, 
burn, bourn, bryn, w. ; den. p. ; din, w. ; (Pryce's 
meaning for dtn, is a round steep hill, a fortified hill); 
tyn, b. ; di^n, dom, dhom, w. ; drftn. Oiin drdn^ 
the down's hill ; tron. p. ; rhyn (pronounced reen), 
riin. Fl, Riinyow. Ha why a pyi an runyow Wa- 
ga* gorhery^ and ye shall pray the hills to hide you, 
p.'^. 2654-5; alt, als, h&l, w. ; men, p. 


A FORTIFIED HILL. Din, dinas, dinaz, w. 

A LITTLE HILL. Hil bian, w. 


HILLOCK, $. Hhynan, w. ; rynen, b. ; pil, oreeg, 
cruk, w. ; cmc, cryk, p. ; kryk, kryb, bryn, brine, 
kevnen, b. ; tuyn, w. 

HILLOCK, #. (Of sand). See HEAP (of sand^ 

HILT, 9. (Of a knife). Ciro colhan, w. ; kirn kol- 
han, B. 

HILLY, adj. Denick, thenick, p. 

HIM, pron, E, ef, ev, w. ; eu, B. ; ve, w. ; y, i, ye, 
gp, p. ; a's, a'n (a aux, 'n him), yn, w, ; ren, reth, 
(the retif to him;, b. ; do, p. ; tho, otho, notho, b. ; 
so, p. 

AFTER HIM. War-y-lergh, wary-lurgh, p. ; Waa- 
ler, B. 

AT HIM. Woiio, orto, w. 

BY HIM. Dretho, v, ; ganso, worto, orto, w. 

FOR HIM. Ractha c.w. 2015; ragtha, ragthe, b. ; 
ragtho, w. 

FROM HIM. Adhiworto, odhiworto, w. ; odhiuortfc, 
B. ; deworto, dewhorto, dyworto, diwoito, w. ; diu- 
orte, dy worry, p ; worto, orto, anotho, annodho, w. 

IN HIM. Ynno {yn-o), w. ; ynny, p. 

OF HIM. Annotho, annodho, w. 

ON HIM. Dotha, b. 

TO HIM. Thotha, c.w. 799; thotho, tiiuthy, b., 
thethe, theth, p. ; dy, dhy, dodho, dhodo, w. ; dho- 
dho, dhodhe, da, dho. dhyde. p. ; datho, b. ; dothi, 
c.w. 1017 ; worto, orto, w. ; uorto, snell, b. 

UPON HIM. Worto, orto, w. ; wamotho, k. 

HIM>KLF, pron, Honon, honan, honyii, B. ; dhom, 

thorn (?) P. 
HIND or DEER, «. Ewic, euhic, w. ; euig, euhig, 


HIND-CALF, 9. Loch-euhic, w. ; loch-euig, leanh- 
euig, B. 

HINDER, V. Lettya, m. 586. 8iir the Uttya, sarely 
to hiuder thee, m. 58b ; hethy, thuethy, p. 


HINDRANCE, 9, Let, w. ; cluddias, b. ; his, p. 

HINGE. B. liah, w. {PL Rahau, bahow) ; mediner, 
B. ; medinor, w. 

HIP, i. Clun, penclun, w. ; klyn, pedrain, momi, 
morraz, mordhos, morboit, clenniaw, b. (Clenniaw, 
PL ?). 

HIP-BONES, 8. Qulbredengu, b. 

HIRE, r. Gobema, w. ; kyrhy, ynrye, p. 

TO HIRE WITH GIFTS. Eodothy, p. 

HIRED, part. Gobemes, w. 

HIRE, s, Arfeth, w. Ow arfeth hyth na wfyla, my 
hire I have neyer seen, p.c. 2262 ; gober. gobv, 
gobyr, w. ; gobr, gubar, gu, guu, p. ; looseoh, w. 

HIS, pron. A, e, i, hy, y, w. ; ye, ge, ys, u, p,; 
huneth, b. 

AND HIS. Hay(Aa^y), p. 
OF HIS. Aga, p. 
TO HIS. Thy, B. 
HISS, V. Tithia, w. 

HISSING, adj. Whyflyn, w. Yn tdn whyfyn if a 
Uf^ in hissing fire he shall stay, Jt n. 2311. 

HITHER, ad/o. Dhybba, b. See HERE. 

HITHERMOST, adj. Nessa, nesav, w. ; ncs, P. 

HITHERTO, adv. Bet an Anna, w. 

HIVE, «. Kaval, b. 

HO ! exclam. Ow, w. ; used to call attention. 

HO.\R-FROST. «. GHt, w. 

HOARY, adj. Lous, loos, los, loys, w. ; ludgh,P.; 

Juit, w. 
HOARD UP, TO HOARD UP, v. Derevel, b. 
HOARSE, adj. Hoz, b. 
HOARSENESS, 8. Hoizias, b. ; hoiziaz, p. 
HOBGOBLIN, 8. Bucca, w. 

HOG, 8. Torch, porhal, h6ch, w. ; y6ch, hoh, mAh,B. 
HOGS, 8. Porelli, p. 

Digitized by 





HOGSHEAD, «. (Cask). Balliar, w. 

HOG'S HERB, s. (Clotbur.). Hoohwayu, hoch- 
Tuyn, w. ; hochnaju, b. ; hoohwayw, bochgoajw. p. 

HOG-sTY, i, Krou-mdh, b. 

HOIDEN, i, Hoeden, w. 

HOLD, V. (To hold, to lay kold of, to grasp, to have). 
Gaval, w. ; geyas, gouas, p. ; dalhenn^, w. 

HOLD, V. (To hold, catch, seize, esteem, value V 
Scnsy, synsy, sinsy, sensje, syngy, dho sendshe, 
w. ; sindzhy, b. ; sindzha, sensa, sansa, p. ; zingy, 
B. ; sinzhi, p. 

HOLD THOU. Sens, syns, p. The 2 pers. s. imp. 
of MiMy, and iy9My, to hold. At present in Pol- 
perro, Cornwall,^ the boys at play with marbles, 
instf^ad of saying hold or stop, cry out. $$n$0. 

HOLD THI PRATE. Syns the clap, p. 

TO HOLD ONE'S SELF, v. Omdhal, w. 

TO HOLD ONE'S TONGUE, r. Tewel, w. ; 
tenel, p. 

tansy, p. ; chea-chanter, b.y. ; cheechonter, w.f.p. 

HOLE, TO MAKE A HOLE^ v, Tulk, b.; 

teyl. p. 
HOLED, part. ToUys, p. 

HOLE, i. Toll, tol, toul, tewl, w. ; tuU, b. ; doll, 

pol, bol, w. 
HOLES, f . TeU. The pi. of toll, w. ; tel, k. 

FULL OF HOLES. Tollec, w. ; toUek, b. siger, 
w. ; sigr, p. 

A HOLE IN A CLIFF. Sawan, w.; zawn, d. 
This is still used for a hole in a clifl through which 
the sea passes. 

HOLIDAY, 8. DMh goU, dydh goil, w.; d^gdl, 
dftgl. B. ; g61, w. 

HOLINESS, M. Sansoleth, m. 137. 

HOLLOW, adi. Tollec, w. ; toliek, b. ; siger, w. ; 

ngr, guag, uag, vig, veag, p. ; ken, b. 
HOLLY, t. Celin, w. ; kelin, p. ; holm, b. 

HOLLY-TREE, *. Celinen, w. ; kelinen, b. ; huluer, 

HOLLY-GROVE, s. Celynnec, w. ; kelinnek, b.; 
kelynack, p. 

HOLY, adf, San, sans, zanz, sanct, w. ; sant, p. ; 
gulun, glan, Ian, w. ; galli, gol, b. ; beneges. 
venegeb, w. ; hali, p. 

HOLY FAITH. San crM, w. 

HOLY GHOST. Speris sans, b. ; spiriz sant, p. 

BUn gamo the dr$ tpamot, come with him home 
speedily, o.k. 559. Moom dri, to go home ; tre, o.x. 
1632. JEyiM me th$ ttc^U the tre, before I return 
home, o.M. 1632 ; teua, b. i/ds tern, to go home, b. 

HOME or HOMESTEAD, s. Tre, tr^y, tregva, 
trigya, w. 

HOMESTEAD or SMALL FARM, s. Dijey. d. 


HOMICIDE, 8. Dlinladh, pagyia, w. 

HONE, s. Agolan, w. 

HONEST, adj. lAn, laian, w. ; luen, Iwn, b. ; 
onest, w. 

HONESTLY, adv, Yn IM, p.g. 1273. Iiis tnara 
keuiffti yn HI, but I have spoken honestly, p.c. 1273. 
HONEST MAN. Dremas, m. 1103; dremays, m. 1112, 
HONEY, ». MM, w. ; meal, p. 
HONEY-COMB, s. Criban mtt, w. ; kriba-mtt, b. 
HONErSUOKLE, e. Guydhuydh, b. 

HONOUR, r. Perthy, parthy, w. ; pertha, b. ; enora, 
M 460.> ; urria, b. ; gordhy, gordhy^, wordhye, w. ; 
worth, p. 

HONOUR, «. Gorryans, w. ; guoryans, p. ; gordhyansi 
gurthyans, p. ; wordhyans, w. ; worthyans, gorty, 
anner, enor« enour, p. ; annerh, b. ; onour, p. ; onowr, 
honou, kadar, b. 

HONOURS. Cyfoeth, b. ; onours (from the English), 


HONOURABLE, adj. ' Enir, henir, ynir, sionge, b. ; 
onest, w. 

HONOURED, part. Onuses, p. 

a mutation of goreye, a contraction of gardhegs, 2 
pers. s. preter. of gordhg, to honour, w. 

HOOD, i, Cugol, scuidlien, w. ; sguthlein. Lit. A 
shoulder linen. 

HOOF, 8. Kwincam, w. ; euinkam, p. ; euin-cam, b. 

HOOK, 8. Ig, yg, hig, hyc ; bah {PL Bahow, w. ; 
bahau, b.) Ba/t, is properly the hook or hinge of 
a gate. In fishing, the space between the hook and 
the lead is called cabesta or eohesta, w.f.p. and b.y. 


AN IRON HOOK. Yg horn, p. 

HOOK, 8, (For n^ping). Filh, touIz, w. ; uouis, 
krobman, b. ; crobman, w. 

HOOP, 8. (?) A liUle hoop, Bisow, bezo^ w. 

HOOTING. Idzhek, b. 

HOP, r. Lemmel, lebmal, w. ; lemal, b. 

TO HOP ON ONE LEG. Vogget, n. 

HOBEHOUND, e. Lisluit, w. ; Initio, lotl(«, p. 

HORN, A HORN. 8. Com, w. ; kom, b. ; kern, p, ; 
gom, o.M. 207 ; horn, w. PI. Kern, p. ; gemygOY, 
{gernggou), m. 3396 ; cemcw. w. 

HORN or TRUMPET, e. Com, w. ; kom, b. ; hir- 
gom. Lit. A long hom, b. 

Digitized by 




HOKN-BLOWER, «. Cemiat, cherniat, cemiat, w. ; 
keraias. kemiat, b. 

HORNED CATTLE. Gwarthec, gwarrhog, w. ; puarr- 
hog, B. 

HORNET, t. Hwirnores, w. ; huineres, koilkioreB, b. 

HORRIBLE, adj. TJthec, (ithek. (ithyc, Athyk, huthyc, 
huthyk, w. ; nter, b, 

HORROR, *. Euth, 6th, nthecter, w. ; uthekter, ir. ; 
rhynny, w. Pocvan pup vr ha rynny^ sickness always 
and horror, a n. 2343 ; tftr, p. ; scriith, w. But 
K^Hith means a horror or shiver. 

HOKSE, «, March, marh. merh. verh, margh, ic. 1884; 
t^vil, kevil, w. ; keffyl. PI, Merch, merh, w. ; 
mergh, N. 

A BLACK H0R8E. Margh morel, ic. 2111. 

Hr^RSE-BACE, «. Geyn margh, ic. 1884. Me a weyl 
^uat war geyn tnargh^ I see a lad on horse-back, ic. 


HORSE-COLLAR, «. Myngar, mnngar, w. ¥ungar 
ia still in use in Cornwall, and means a straw horse- 


HORSE-COMB, «. Streil, w. 


yf. ; gueres, p. 

HORSE-DUNG, *. Buzl yerh, w. ; glow, d. Ohw 
is also a name for dried cow-dung, and dried horse- 
dung. A coal (? a lump of fuel) was also called glow. 

HORSE-HAIR, ». R^n, w.; ruen, ic. 1968. 

A HORSE-HAIR SHIRT. Hevys ruen m. 19«8. 

HORSE-LEECH, «. Ghtt, gM, b. 

HORSE-LOAD, *. Sawe, b. Bee BURDEN and 

HORSE-MACKEREL, *. Scad, n. 

HORSEMAN, ». Marrec. b. ; marrek. o.ic. '2204; 
marh eg, b. ; marhag, p. ; marhar, b. ; marchec, w. 
Avel marrek fyn yrvye, like a good horseman armed, 
o M. 2204. 

HORSE-MANE, *. R*n verh, w. 

HORSEMEN, s. Marogyon, varogyon, maregyon, 
marregion, marrogion, marrougion, marregyon, w. 

HORSE-POND, «. Grelin, w. 

HOIISE-ROAD, or WAY, *. V6rver, p, Vdr, vdrdh, 
/dry a way, and verh, a mutation of merhy a horse, d. 

marh, w. ; pedn pral marh, p. 

BOSE, n. (Stocking). Hosan. PI. Hosaneu, w. 
(Long hope.) 

HOSE, j». (Stocking). Lodir. P/. Lodrow, lydraw, 

HOSE, A HOSE, «. (? Tube, as for a fire-engine). 

Trone (an tron), b. 

HOST, «. (Multitude). Lu, Uu, luu, 6«t, w. ; oster, 


HOST, i. (As at an inn, &c.) Ost, w. ; oster, p. From 
the English ; ynryrys, p. 

HOSTAGE, «. Guistel, w. ; guystel, b. 

HOSTESS, «. Ostcs, ostear, w. From the EnglisL 

HOT, adf. Toim, tom. tum, tuhm, tybm, dubm, w. ; 
kinnis, kynnes, grez, guressauk, b. Jifar duhmt ao 
hot, p. 

THE HOT DOWN. N'un grez, p. 

80 HOT. Mar dubm, w. 

VERY HOT. Poesgys, b. 

TO MAKE HOT. Tomma, tumma, tubma, w. 

HOT-BATH, *. Golchfa. b. 

HOUND, *. Milgy, brathcy, brathky, brakgye, w. 

HOUNDS, «. Kuen, m. 3161. Bonier grua pary the 
kuer^ hunter make ready thy hounds, m. 8161. 

HOUR, *. Ur, our, ower, owr, w. ; oer, p. ; oner, b. ; 
^r, ear, eyr, w. ; ere, c.w. 906. 

HALF AN HOUR. Hanter Ar, w. 

IN THAT HOUR. In (irna (in-iir-na), w.; yiiit, 
c.w. 200. 

AT THIS HOUR. Tn-ur-ma, w. 

TO THIS HOUR. Bet an (ir-ma, w. 

HOUR, TIME, or PERIOD, s Frit, pr^ prejs, 
prys, w. ; pris, ema, p. At all loure, Pub ema, p. 

HOURLY, adj. Benary, bynary, bypur (byth pup <b), 
senary, w. ; unary, p. 

HOUSE, $ (Abode, dwelling). Chy, chi, ty, p. ; thy, 
gy, w. ; tshy, tshi, tshei, tshey, tshyi, dzhy, p. ; 
dzhyi, B. ; te. de, p. ; chem, k.d. 1397. Tn ehem- 
mn y fue gynen, in this house was with us, k.d. 
1 397 ; bod, w. ; hot, p. ; buyth, yeth, B. ; bos, 
w. ; boss. B. ; annedh, w. ; anneth, PC. 705. Cr^ 
dev aberth yn anneth, the peace of God be in this 
house, p c. 70 ; trev, trew, luan b. 2i or ty appear 
to have been the earlieRt forms. Williams ( /^. Com. 
Brit.) says that, ** the letter t in this word came to 
have the sound of eh, before the vowel i or y, as ia 
Erse ; the same as in English church, and to expreai 
this sound ty is always written chy in the '' Ordina- 
lia.*' Tshi, appears to be the phonetic form of the 
same word ti or /y, as also of chy. We have proof 
of the soft sound of chy, in Chyaodnur, a name of • 

THIS HOUSE. Chymma, chemma, tshymma, w. 

HOUSES, e. Treven, w. ; trefov {trefou), ic. 305. 

HOU^E OF ORE. Carbona, carbonas, bunny, n. These 
words are in frequent use among miners, and have been 
handed down from the ancient Cornish. There is a 
singular use of the word house, for an accumulation 
or collection. The Cornish call a grove, a town of 

Digitized by 





trees, a coUection of water in a cavity of a mine, a 
houts of water, and an enlargement or accumulation 
of ore in a lode, a houte of ore, a carhona, carhona»^ 
and bunny. I incline to the opinion that earhona is 
singular, and earhonai plural. In earhona, car would 
seem to be the same as cam^ a rock, a rocky place, a 
heap of stones, and hunntf^ a form of bona. Bona and 
bunny, may be from ben, a butt-end, or enlargement. 
Li the Armoric it is bona, and bun. Sanscrit, Budna. 

HOUSEHOLD. *, Teilu, teulu, w. ; goskordhy, b. ; 
goscorthe. p. ; meny, ic. 2'277 Ov meny a luen gohn^ 
my household with a full heart, m. 2277. 

HOUSEHOLD GOODS or STUFF. Gwadhel. w. ; 
gnadhel, b. ; guathel, p. ; guthel, w. ; gulhel (?), 
peth-tshyi, b. 

HOUSE-SNAIL, «. Melwiogel, r 

HOUSEWIFE, «. Gwr^gty, wr^gty, w. ; gwreghty, 
C.W. 448. 

HOVEL, B. Crow, w. ; crou, p. ; krou, b. ; bosca, 
b6th, bothoc, w. ; bothog. p. 

HOW. Pattel, patel, patla, fattel, fatel, fatla, fatl, 
fetiyl, fetyl, fettel, p. ; fPatla, c.w. 2819 ; era, b. 

HOW FAR? Peleaera, B. 

HOW IS IT WITH YOU ? Fatla gan a why, ? 

HOW MA NT. Cenefra, ceniver, cenifer, cenyyer, 
cenever, erniver, keniver, kenyver, kynyver, kenifer, 
kjnifer, p. ; peualtra, pezealla, b. 

HOW MUCH. Pythkemys, pygimmis, myns, b. 

HOWL, V, Ullia, w. ; uole, ole, holea, hoalea. p. 

HOWLING, part. Olah, olva, p. 

HOWLING, A HOWLING, s. Hynadzhas, w. ; hyn- 
adzhan. b. 

HUBBUB, 8. Touse, tousse, b. Still in common use. 
See ROW and UPROAR. 

HUE. 9. (Complexion, colour). Liu, lyw, w. ; lew, 
c.w. 4 051. Rdg an hout y lyw golow^ for the sun his 
bright hue, p.c. 3123. 

HUG, V. Byzla. p. Kentta bledhan bytla ha baye, the 
first year hug and kiss. p. 

HUGE, adj. Ethuc, ethec, ethyc. w. ; ethuk, ethek, 
ethyk, p. ; eithick, b. ; ithic, ithik, w. ; ithyk, p. ; 
ithig, uthek. w. ; uthik, p. ; uthyc, w. ; uthy, P. ; 
ythec, w. ; leadan, hail, hujeth, b. Hujeth tra, a 
huge thing, b. 

HUGELY, adv. Ithik, ithig. p. 

HUM, 8. (A monotonous sound). Drilgy, b. The 
words drilgy, drulgy. and drilsy are still used for the 
same, D. 

HUMANITY, 8. (Human kind). Denses, densys, w. 

HUMANITY, 8. (Kindness). Denseth, w. 

HUMBLE, adj. Huvel, hyyel, vuel, w. ; evall, p. 
IUhy8 evall ha gentell, children humble and gentle, 

c.w. 1061 ; esal, p, ; iseU ysel, w. ; isal, p. ; isall. b. ; 
izal, iza, p. ; deboner, dfbonor, w. 

MOST HUMBLE- Hyvela, inella, w. 

HUMBLE SERVANT. Gwis isal w. ; gwiz izal, f. 

VERY HUMBLE SERVANT. Pur ©vaU obeniaz, p. 

TO BE HUMBLE, v. Hyvla, w. 

HUMBLER, adj. Isula, w. j izala, p. 

HUMBLEST, adj. Hyvela, isellu, w. 

HUMILITY, 8. Huvuldot, w. j Luveldor^ p. 

HUMOUR, 8. (Serum, LaL) Lyn, b, 

HUNDRED. Cans, cen, w. ; canz, p. ; kanz. b. ; bans, 
w. Han8 is the aspirate mutation of can^ after try. 

THREE HUNDRED. Try cans, trey bans, try bans, 


A HUNDRED MEN. Cangufir, w. 

FIVE HUNDRED. Pymp cans, 

A HUNDRED TIMK8. Canquyth. w, ; canquith, v. ; 
kanzuyth, b. 

TWO HUNDRED. Dew cans, m. 

HUNDRED or CANT HE D. *. Cautrev, gerem, i. 

HUNGER, «. Naun, nown, gwig, w. ; guap, treythe, 
trethe, p. ; densys, b. 

HUNGRY, adj. Naounak, densya^ b. ; gw&g, {^wik, 
w. ; guas, p. 

HUNT, V. Hella, htlhia, bellyrchy, w. ; heUyrghy, 
helfia, p. ; heigh ja, m. iSl&u. 

HUNTED, pari. Heltheys, b. 

HUNTER or HUNTSMAN, *. Helhwur, w. ; heUier, 
p. ; helyur, helhiat, belyiat, helyad, b. 

HUNTING-POLE, s. Hochwayu, boehvuyu, hocb- 
way w, hochguay w, p, M ore correctly the names for 
a hog's spear. 

HURDLE, 8. Cluit, w.; kluyd, clifa, b- They stUl 
call a hurdle of wattled roils a r/wiY, or dM. 

HURL, V. (Throw or fling), Towla, touia, tewlel, 
tywlel, teulel, tiulel, teuly, p. 

HURL, V. (To play the game of burling). HyrliaUf 

HURLING,*. (The game so called). Hyrliau. Hyr- 
liau yu ghen guart nyt, hurling is our sport, b, 

HURRY, 8. (Fuse, a bustle). Stroath, strotber, p. 
These words are often used by the vulgar in Cornwall. 
Also p6r, or porr, to t^x press the same thing, 

HURRY. 8. (Haste). Fcsky, m. 2098 ; tbir. p. ; fors, 
O.M. 280 1 . Praga pmdryc an fi^ktf, why, what is the 
hurry ? m. 2098. Xymus for» atmt hmna, there li 
no hurry for that, o.M. 280 1 . 

HURRIED. Rafsys, w, 

HURT, V. Droga, droaga, golye, w* j bertia, p. ; schyn- 
dye, shyndye, syndye, w. 

Digitized by 






HUKT or ANNOY, v. Scallye, sclandry, p. 

B U RT, part. Desefys, p. 

HUKT, s. Droc, drok, drog, w. ; dregjn, ¥. 1124; 
tbir, p. Hoff effnyngeveth dregyn, nor shall he have 
hurt, X. 1124. 

HURT, LOSS, DAMAGE, «. Diopen^s, p. ; diowencs, 

HURTFUL, adj, Droc, drok, drog, w. ; parkenniat, b. 

HURTLEBERRY, ». Iz^u, b. 

HUSBAND, «. Gour (pronounced yoor), w. War y 
gi>vr mar pyih lethy$, to her husband, if to be slain, p.c. 
1982 ; goar, gCir, wour (pronounced woor), p. V0U 
htif the woUTf I will be thy husband, 0.1c. 2 1 1 1 ; uour, 
B. JJha tK/ur, thy husband, n. ; gor, gorty, w. Neb 
tf'm yrilk vy ha'm yorty^ he who made me and my hus- 
band, 0.1c. 181 ; worty, w. Atiebris ty haHh worty^ 
11 thou didst eat, thou and thy husband, o.ic. 176 ; 
cansfrueg, cansfreg. b. ; dremas, w. 

THY or YOUR HUSBAND. Gurty, gorti, p.; 
gwyrti, worti, b. 

A CAREFUL HXJSBAND. Gikr prederys, w. 

HUSBAND or WIFE, {i.e., spouse or partner). 
Pries, prycs, pryas, bryes, fries, w. ; fryas, p. 

HUSBANDMAN, «. Tioc, tiak, tyoc, tyac, tyach, 
dyac, dyack, gonedhic, gonydhic, gonythick. w. ; 
gonethick, p. ; gwyrthiadereu, guyrthiadereu, 
gunithiat ereu, b. 

HUSH, BE 8ILENT. Tau, b. ; taw, tansy, p. 

HUSK, s. Gwisc, guise, gwesc, w. ; guesk, p. ; plisg, 
plysg, w. 

HUSK or POD, «. Ciith, w. ; kiith, b. PI Cuthow, 

cuthu, w. 
HUSK, «. (A husk of com). Us, w. 

HUSKS, «. (Of com). Usion, ision, w. ; kulin, b. 

The Cornish still use the word f«Aa», for the husks 

uf com. 
HUT CIRCLES. These ancient British remains are 

called creUas, n. 
HYDROMEL, *. Cregaud, (?) b. See METHEGLIN. 
HYPOCRISY, *. Scherewyneth, p.; scherewynsy, 

o.M. 942 ; anfugy, enfugy, p. 
E Y POCRITE, 8, Duflan, n. 
HyrOCRITlCAL, adj\ Anfugyk, anfusyg, enfugyc, 

w. ; anfesug, B.D. 85. 
HYSSOP, t. EysyU, p. ; eysel, P.O. 2977. 


• This letter is immutable. Its proper sound in all the 
Celtic dialects is the same as in French and Italian. 

When short as in the English words, mh, ^, and 
when long as ee in deed, seed. In the Ordlnalia. y 
is constantly used for it with the same sound. 

In latest Cornish it was often sounded as the diphthong 
ei. or i, in the English words, frighi, sign. Thoa 
htct, you, became hwei ; trt\ or try. thref , trei, &c." w. 
J^x Corn. Urit. 

lypron. Mi, my, vi, vy, ma, me, ve, w. ; fe, p.; 'm, 
% w. ; y, 0.11. (y'ra, I am); yth, k.. Tth erghttf, 
1 command, v. ; yu, ys, ysse, p. Yue fuef goky, I 
was a fool, p. ; oyv. b. Oyv a gt*^, I »ee, b. The 
form ma occurs only in composition. Me, mi, wiy, 
in construction change into ve,fe, rt, «y. 

I ALSO. Minnc, w. 

ICE, s. Clihi, w. ; klihi, b. ; glihi, clehe, w. ; dehy, 
M. S'iob. Menogh gane yrgh ha elehy, often with 
snow and ice, u. 30 )6 ; rew, reu, w, ; rhewi, reui, 
reigf riou. b. 

ICY, aaj. lein, eyn, w. 

IDIOT. *. (Fool, simpleton). Edyack, p.; bobba, 
p.c. 2«385 ; bucca gwidn, b. ; gaupus, gommok, 
cobba, pattic, b. 

IDLE, adj. Dioc, Ids, w&st, w. 

IDLE, adj. f Of no avail). Euereth, &.D. 936. Bdk^ 
euereth yv tke gous, for idle is to say, jl.j>. 936. 

IDLE FELLOW. Gadlying, w. ; lorel, losel, p., 
zigur, sighir, b. 

IDLENESS, t. Ufereth, evereth, w. 

IDOLATER, s. Gadlying, p. 

IF. A. A pe yn deUa ve, if it were so, w. ; ay, po, 
bo, py, p. ; c^n. w. ; keen, p. ; cyn, kyn, g^n, mar 
(before a consonant), mars (before a vowel), w.; 
mor, sens, syns, yn, ynne, ynno, p. ; mara, v. 
Mar an peeef ef,\il pray him, P.c. 466. Mara 
keusgsfalsuryy if I spoke falsehood, p.c. 1271. 

IF, ALTHOUGH, conj. Cueia. w. ; kueia, b, ; era, w. 

IF NOT. Manan (ma-na'n) w. ; mamy, mamea, p.; 

po ni, ponag, w. ; pensg, peneges, erriam, p. ; km> 

na, B. 
IF OTHERWISE. Po cen, w. ; poken, pyiten, p. 
IF THAT. Ma, w. 
IF IT. As, a's, w. 
IF I COULD. CaUe, callow, p. 
IF, SINCE. Ape, p. 
IGNORAMUS, ». Pen pyst, p. 
IGNOBLE, adf. Ledryn, b. 
IGNORANT, at^'. Discient, diskient, diskref, b. 

ILL, adj. (Unwell). Claff. JS/rethekhadaffpanen, 
maimed and ill when we were, m . 

ILL, s. See EVIL, 

ILL-CLAD, adj. Femoyth, femeth, b. 

Digitized by 





ILL-DEED, s. Drocoleth, p.c. 1364; dhroloceth, 
drCkk-cnlethy w. 

ILL AT EASE. Ann^B, w. 

ILL REPORT. Dr6gger, dr6cger, w. 

ILL 8AV0XJR. Dr6g sawam, w. ; drAg savam, b. 

ILL SMELLING. Miisac, w. ; mekiek, mechiek, p. 

ILL-TONG^ED. Dn^gdavasec, w. ; diokdavazek, b. 

ILLUMINATE, v. Golowa, gouloua, w. ; goloua, p. ; 
colowa, w. ; gyl^ua, p. ; gylywa, gylywi, w. 

ILLUMINATION, t. Golowas, w. ; golouas, p. 

ILL-WILL, 9. Avy, aui, w. ; avej, p. ; drogbr^, 
a6r, sorras, w. Ha gam eolen hep tdr, and with good 
heart, without ill-will, o.ic. 428. 

DCiGE, «. Ayain, w. 
IMAGINE, V, Avani, b. 
IMBIBE, V. Ef6, ere, w. ; eva, p. 

IMMEDIATE, $, Desempja, dysempjs, desympyB, 
dysympya, w. ; dhysempyya, thesempys, p. ; desim- 
pit, w. 

IMM KDIATLT. adv. Aiedjy eredy, yredy, a desempys, 
a dysempys, a desympys, w. ; a thesempys, a thysem- 
pys, V. ; adhysempyz, dhy seinpys, p. ; dysempys, 
V. ; desemhys, the seinpys, thesympys, p. ; thysym- 
pys, CM. 818 ; dystonch, dhystouch, w. ; dystough, 
p.; thystough, b.d. 1343; sc&n, w. ; skin, toothda, 
tothetta, tuUita, t6thda, totta, p. ; oscys, w. ; nskys, 
^th, p. ; yscys, wamot, w. ; whar^. o.ic. 2846 ; fast, 
fkt-yn-tye, p. 

IMMENSE, a<^'. See HUGE. 

IMMEKGE, p. Benzi, bedhy, budhy, bidhy, w. 

IMPAIR, r. Gwaythy, gweth6. The yerbal form is 
fethjf^ w. 

IMPASSABLE, adf. Hebford, b. Lit Without a 
• road. 

IMPEACH, V. Cuhudh^, w. ; cuhuth6, p. ; cuhudhas, 
gohndhas, huhudhas, w. ; gnhuthias, p. ; achesa, b. 

IMPLORE, V. Pesy, pysy, pigy, pygy, w, ; pidgy, 
peidgy, pidzhi, pidxha, pys, b. 

IMPORTANT, adf. Besy, bysy, vysy. w. 

IMPOoE, V. (Cheat). Gorra, b. 

IMPOSTER. t. Huder, w. ; hydor, hudor, p. ; hydol, 


IMPOTENT, atb'. Develo, w. 

IMPRECATE, p. Molletha, mollethia, molythia, w. 


IMPRECATION, $. Molleth, moUath, molloth, w. ; 
molath, molth, b. ; ty, w. Fl. MoUethow, moUat- 
how, w. ; molathow, p. 

IMPRESS or PRINT, v. Graphy, argraphy, dho argr- 
aphy, w. 

IMPRESSION or PRINT, «. Argraphys, w. ; graphy, 

IMPRESSION, «. (As of a foot, &c.) 01, w. ; ool, p. 

IMPROVE, V. GweUa, w. ; gnella, p. 

IMPRUDENT, adj. Anfur, w. 

IMPUDEI^T, adf. Corrat, toit, d. ; diveth, dyveth, 
deveth, w. 

IN, pr^p. Yn. Yn ow enef, in my soul, p.c. 1022 ; y, 
e, en, ed, et (this is a late cormption of m), in, w. ; 
i, p. ; itta. Itia 'o guilt, in my bed, b. ; der, dre, 
dredh, p. ; aber, aberth, aberyedh, aperfeth, w. ; aber« 
yadh, abemeth, p. ; meyny, mein. OU mein y ehf, 
all in the house ; ord, orth, worth, w. ; uarth, uorh, 
uar. (/or an diuadh, in the end, b. 

IN ANY WAY, IN ANY WISE. Malbew, w. 

IN SHORT. FINALLY. Yn fen, b. 

IN THAT PLACE. Ena, enna, eno, w. 

IN THEM. Etta, ettans, ynn6, w. 

IN THIS PLACE, HERE. Omma, obma, obba, um- 
ma, ybba, ymma, yma, ma, w. 

IN THY. Yth, ith, w. 

IN, WITHIN. Adzhyi, dzhyi, w. 

INCENSE, V. Provycha, b. 

INCENSE, 8. Encois, incois, inkois. Words also used 
for frankincense. 

INCENSE-POT, B. Incoise lest, inkois lestr, b. ; en- 
coislester, p. 

INCEST, 8. Squenip, p. 

INCESTUOUS, adj. Sgenip, sguenip, b. 

INCISE, V. Trochy, trohy, trechy, trehy, w. 

INCLINE, V. Posi, w. ; poss^, bosse, p. ; plegy6, 
plygy6 ,w. ; plegy, p. ; plegya, plynchi, b. 

INCLINE or SLOPE, s. Slintrim, d. Perhaps from 
ilyntia^ to slide or glide. 

INCLINED, part. (Disposed). Plegadow, plygadow, 

INCLOSE, V. Degy, w. ; dygy, p. ; gorhery, w. ; oeas, 
keaz, B. 

INCLOSURE, AN INCLOSURE, s. C4, w. ; kea, p. ; 
gl, Ian, w. ; alwed, p. 

INCOMPARABLE, adj. Hepparow, w. ; hepparou, 
hepar, b. 

INCONVENIENT, a<^'. Gr^, p. 

INCREASE, r. Mochahe, w. ; kressia, teva, tiyia, b. 

TO BE INCREASED. Mochahe, w. 

INCREASED, part. Kreshaz, b. 

INCREDULOUS, ai&*. Dyscrygyk, w. 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 





INCUMBENT, aij. Teleth, p.c. 3208. Y worihyi 
thy^n y teleth. to worship him iff incumbent on us, p.c. 

couth, w. 

INDEED, adv. Eredy, yredy, en wir, w.; lanti, lent^, 
flawte, let^te, p. ; relewte, rulewtc, relawta, b. ; 
leyst, M. 2144. Ladra pHr lues feyst^ to plunder 
very many indeed, x. 2144 ; defry, dyfltry, w. 

INDEED! exelam. Renothas! w. 

INDIA, 5. Eynda, p. 

INDICT, V. Cuhudhe, w. ; cohuthe, p. ; cohudhas, 
guhudhas, huhudhas, w. ; guhuthias, p. 

onon, w. ; onyn, odn. p. 

INFAMOUS, adj. Dr6ggerut. drdcgerut, w. ; drAg- 
gerat, p. 

INFAMY, «. Drftgger, drftcger, w. ; queth, p. 

INFANT, AN INFANT, *, M4b a flavar, w.; m4b 

an lavar, p. 
INFERNAL. at^\ Effame, p. 

INFIRM, adj. Aniaoh, w. ; aniak, b. ; deyelo, gwan, 
wan, w ; guan, guadn, p. 

INFIRMITY, 8. Gwander, w. 
INFLAMMATION, «. Lose, losk, w. 

INFLICTED, part. Warkerd, p. Brdt vy payne war- 

herd, great was the pain inflicted, p. 
INFLICTED, tfrfy. Darken. B. 
INFLUX OF THE SEA. Morlenol, w. 

INFORM, V. Dyswithy, dysquethas. thyswethas, b. ; 
desky, w. ; desgy, p. ; desca, desga, w. 

dheryvas, w. ; methegyeth, x. 1487. Ny won tu 
methegyeth, I do not know from information, m. 1487. 

INGENIOUS, adj. Yngn, p c. 1 886. Din fel tnUr yv 

hag yngn, a very cunning man he is, and ingenious, 

p.c. 1886. 
INHABIT, V. Trega. trege. w.; dreg6, p.; trig^. 

tripa, trigia, w. ; trighia. b. ; redrygy, p. ; anhedhy, 

w. ; kontreva, b. 

INHABITANT, s. Treger. w. ; trig, tryk, tryck, p. 

INHERITANCE, s. Achta. ehtas, b. 

INJUNCTION, *. Danvonad. w. ; arghad, o.ic. 997. 

INJUNCTIONS, *. Danvonadow, w. ; arghadow, o.ic. 
997. See COMMAND. 

INJURE, V. Droga. droaga, myschevy, schyndye, 
shyndye, syndye, w. 

INJURIOUS, adj. Camhinsic, p. ; camhilik, parken- 

niat, B. 
INJURY, s Cam, gam. dr6c, drok, drog, drdcoleth, 

dhr6coleth, drok-culeth, w. 

INJUSTICE, *. Camhisic, p. 

INLET OF WATER. (A creek). Lo, w. 

INN, f. Cylden, kylden, ostel, w. 

INNKEEPER, «. Maidor, b. ; dst, w. ; 6ster, p. 

INNOCENT, adj. G14n, gulan, gwirion, gwyryon, ▼. ; 
gwirr>on, c w. 17l^ ; guyryon, o.ic. 930. 

INQUIRE, V. Gofen, go^en, gofPen, gofyn, gophidn, 

INSANE, adf. Discient, diskient, w ; dikref, b. ; gor- 

hullog. w. ; gurhulloc, b. ; hAd, w. 

INSANITY, i. Mescatter, w. ; diskians, b. 

INSATIABLE, adf. Abarstick, b. 

INSCRIPTION, s Acheson, p. Pylai vynnw tcr^ 
a vewnae ehresi acheson, Pilate would write of the hie 
of Christ an inscription (or memorial) ; lyble, b. 

INSECT, s. Gwiban, w. ; guiban, p. ; prif , prM, pryf, 

prftv, w. 
INSENSIBILITY, s. Vindrau. b. ; uindrau, p. 

INSIDE, WITHIN. Ynbarth, b. ; agy (a eky), b. 
Avis hag agy, without and within, o.M. 953. 

INSISTED, part. Ynnyas, b. 

INSOMUCH, adv, Aban. w. ; awos, auos, p. 

toU, a pit or hole. Shallow pits mark the boundarj 
of a tin " sett." 


INSTANTLY, adv. Fist, fftst-yn-tye, p. ; warnot, ▼. 

INSTRUCT, V. Dyscy, dysky, dhysky, w.; descy, 
desky, desgy, desca, desga, p. ; tysky, w. 


takel, p. 

LIFE. Pegans. w. ; peganz, p. ; fegaus, w. In the 
Cornish dialect they say fangings and vangings. 

INSULT, V. Dyspytye, dhyspytye, w. ; braggye, m. 
3507. Neh t2r hraggye an orustunyon, at any time to 
insult the Christians, m. 3507. 

INSULT, *. Despyth, dyspyth, w. 
INTEND, r. Faes, teuly. towla, toula, tewlel. 
tywlcl, yfle, p. 

INTENTION,*. Mynnas, w. 
INTER, V. Ancledhy. w. ; anclethy, p. ; encledhyes. 
w ; dhe ancleythy«s, clathna, cletiiy, p. ; daiarou, b. 


INTERLUDE, *. AntarUck. p. 

INTERMISSION, s. His. Mar a hds, without 
intermission ; symueth. Sdg ef vye dryk M 
nymuefh, and he shall tarry without respite (or in- 
termission), p. 

Digitized by 





DTTIMATE, a^j. Specyal, b. Syeoyal brdi, very 
intimate. They still say of intimates that they are 
** very special." 

INTIMATE, 8, Mayn, w.; meyn, p. PI. Mayny, 
w. ; meyny, P. 

INTO, prep. Yn, y, w. ; vynyn, c.w. 1819. Fyityir 
Ay rdff tempt If a, into it to tempt, c.w. 1819. 

INTO, WITHIN. Embera, w. 

INTO MY. Ym, im, w. 

INTOXICATED, adf. Medho, vedho, w. 

INTOXICATION, «. Medhas, w. ; medhdas, p. 

INTBENCHMENT, s. F6s, fossa, foza, v68, vossa, 
voze, voza (Cir-voza, in Probus), p. ; cadlys, w. ; 
bolla, B. 

INTRUftT, r. Kemynna, m. 603. 

INUNDATION, «. Ltf , lyfl, w. See DELUGE. 

INVALID, «. (Sick person). Aneuin, p. 

INYENTOR. «. Inguinor, b, 

INVITATION, s. Galow, w. 

INVOKE, V. Gelwel, gylwel, w. ; gulwel, p.; 
celwel, w. 

INVOCATION, t. Pesad, pysad, pidzhad, w. 

INVOCATIONS, s. Pesadow, pysadow, pydzhadow, 
pyadow, piyadow, besadow, bysadow, fysadow, w. 

INWARD PART. (Within). Parvelh (a bervedh), w. 

IRIS, 8. (The yellow water Iris). Laister, n. 

IRISH, adf. Gddhalec, w. ; Guydhelek, b. 

IRISHMAN, s. Gwidhal, Gddhal. PL Gwidhili, w. ; 
Guidhili, p. 

IRELAND, 8. Uordyn, w. 

IRON, V. (To iron, or fasten with iron). Wrennye, 
hernia, w. 

IRON, «. Horn, hoem, hoam, hem, w. Of or 
belonging to iron. Hoarnek, B. 

IRONMONGER, «. Hoimier, b. 

IRON OCHRE. Gozzan, gozan, w. The term 
yoBMn, or pouan, is in common use among Cornish 

IRON ORE. (A coarse kind). Cal, kal, p. 

IRON FRYING-PAN. PadelhDem, b. 

IRON PAN. Padel hoem, w. 


IRREGULAR, adf. Ufereth, evereth, p. 

IRRIGATE, V. Douria, dourhi, w. 

IB, V. irr. U^, ugy, yge, a corrupted form of iMy, 
that is, w. ; us, wetu, yn, p. ; g^s. Njfn gin^ is not, 
gew, gyu, gugy, pew, b. 

IS THERE? Es? ^(^n^«i^f Iff Is there supper to 
}0u? Have you supped? w. ; Idzha ; ydzha? p. 

IT IS. Yma, jrma, w. ; ythew. ; ythewa, c.w. 1669 ; 
jrv, M. ; yu, u, eu, ewe, eve, ebe, peva, peves, p. 

HE IS. Syw, a8«yw, asugv, uey, w. ; ysy, b. ; yw, 
ew, otte, w. ; jrta, p. ; ydh-yw, yth-yw, ydzhi, w. ; 
ydzhi, B. ; yssyw, w. Tdh-yw, ytk^yw^ y^syw^ are 
reduplicate forms of yw^ id. qd. ew^ 3 pers. 8. pres. 
of b6», to be, w. 

THAT IS. Usy, ysy, yshi, w. 

THERE IS Bues, bus, ^s, w ; ethiaz, b ; ma, y 
ma, ydhyw, idzha, w. 

THERE IS NOT. Nembcs, nimbes, w. 

ISLAND, %. Enys, en^. ennis, ynys, yn^s, w. ; 
ynez, p. ; ince, w. ; en, b. ^ maur, the great island. 

THE ISLAND. Nennis, properly an emus, w. 

ISLANDS, 9. Enesou, enesys, enezou, enezyz, p. 

ISLANDER, s. Enezek, b. 

ISSUE, «. (Progeny). Aifhen, p. 

IT, pron. E, ef , ev, w. ; eu, b. ; hy, w. JKyns hy b6i 
ndif before it be night, ir. ; hi, w. ; y, i. p. ; ys, yn, 
y'n, an (a aux. 'n, him), as, a's, w. 

ITS, pran. Hy, y, a, e, w. ; i, p. 

FROM IT. Anodho, anotho, deworto, dewhorto, dy- 
worto, w. ; diuorte, dyworry, p. 

IN IT. Ynno, unna, etten, w. 

OF IT. Anedhy, anethy, annethy, w. ; anythy, an 
neth^, nethe, p. ; anodho, annotho, w. ; h'y, warfo, 

TO IT. Dy, ty, w. 

ITCH, V. Cose, w. ; cosse, p.c. 2084. Co#w, he may 
itch, w. ; tebri. i/y datu a tebre, my hand itches, b. 

ITCH, THE ITCH, s. Debam, w. ; debron, ic. 1187 ; 
debren, m. 3432. 

ITCHING, AN ITCHING, s. Debron, m. 1187. 

IVORY, 8. Danz elephant, p. Lit. Elephant's tooth. 

rVY, s. Idhio, w. ; hieauven, b. 


" This letter was an entire stranger to the Celtic lan- 
guages, and when it occurs in old manuscripts it is 
used for I. It is used in a few Cornish words to ex- 
press a very modem corruption of the sound of di, as 
jowl for diowl ; and in the loan of foreign words," w. 
Lex. Com. Brit. 

JACKDAW, «. Tshawc, tshawka, w. So called from 
its note, 

JACKET, s. Peis, w. ; pais, peid, pidde, b. ; peus, w. ; 
powes, B. ; pows, bows, fows, hevis, hevez, nems, w. 

JACK-SNIPE or JUDCOCK, s Gaver h&l, w. ; dame- 
ku, hatter-flitter, d. 

Digitized by 





JADE, i. (A mean woman). Moren. w. ; morian, p. ; 
moroin, w. ; voran, p. ; Toren, w. JIa ty varen myrgh^ 
hy ben, and thou jade, girl, his head, o.ic. 2649. 

JADED, part. Squyth, scith, w. ; skith, p. 

JAIL or PRISON, *. Carhar, w. ; karhar, b. See 

JAMES, 9, Jammeh, b. ; Jamys, p.c. 1014. 

JANUARY, 9. Jenvar, genvar, gen war, w. ; genver, 
p. ; genuer, b. (The y soft). 

Genvar, mis Qenwar, w. ; mis Genver, i.e. Tenaer, 
cold air month, p. ; mis Genuer, b. 

JAVELIN, 9. Gew, giw, guw, w. ; gu, geu, p. ; gyw, 
B. PL Gwayw, guu. 

JAW, 9. Grud, w. ; grydh, b. 

JAW-BONE, 9. Chal, challa, w. ; chala, c.w. 1117. 
2an hemma todr an challa, take this on the jaw-bone, 
CM 540. 

JAW-TEETH, 9. D^ns dhelhar, dins dhelhor, p. 

JAY, 9. (The bird). Janner, n. 

JEALOUS, adj. Sorras, b. 

JEER, *. GIs, w. ; geys, p. See also JEST. 

JEER, f). Gescy, w. ; gesky, cuthil-gis, kuthil-gis, 
p. See JEST. 

TO BE JEERED. Gesys, m. 401. 

JEEKING, s. GIs, b. 

JERK, 9.^ Squych, skwych, scwyth, w. ; skwyth, p. ; 
squitcli, D. The Cornish, when they are troubled 
7ith that jerking or restlesness called '* the fidgets," 
say they have ** the squitchems." 

JERKIN, 9. Hems, dzherken, p. ; kota, b. 

JEST, *. GIs, w. ; geys, p. ; geas, c.w. 2428. Remma 
yw ptlr ncom ha gey9y that is a very sneer and jest, 
PC. 349. 

JEST, V. Gescy, w. ; gesky, p. ; gellas, w. 

JESUS, 9. Jesu, Ihesu, ii. 992. 

JEW, 9. Edhow, w. ; Ethow, p. ; Hudhow, Yudhow, 
Yedhow, w. ; Yethew, ». 

JEWS. 9. Edheuon, p. ; Ethowon, Edzhewon, b. ; 
Hudhewon, w. ; Idheoun, Jedhewon, Huthewon, 
Yuthewon, p. ; Yethewon, n. 

JIG, 9. (Dance). Galliard, p. 

JOHN, 9. JowaDi p.; Johann, p.c. 1015; Dzhuan, 
p. ; Jakeh, b. 

JOIN or COUPLE, f?. Dzhiunia, dho dziunia, p. 

JOINING, 9. (A joining, a seam). Enniou, w. 

JOINT, «. (In carpentry). Scarf, w. Yn wn greys 
an scarf trohe, in uie just middle cut the joint, p.c. 

JOIN, V. (As in carpentry). Scaife, w. I 

JOINT or UNITED, adj. (In common). Ces, kis, 
cys, w. 

JOINT, 9. (Of a body). Cefals, chefals, m41, w. 
JOINTS, 8, (Of a body). Mellow, mellyow, melyow, 
vellow, w. ; juntis, b. ; hucksen, d. 

JOIST,*. Gyst, jyst. (/*/. Gystys, jystys, w.) Cor- 
bie, o.M. 2474. 

JOKE, V. Gellas, w. 

JOLT-HEAD, 9. Pen brAs, w. ; pen braoz, b. ; pedn 
braos, w. ; pen-maur, b. 

JOT, 9. (Little bit). Tim, tibm, banna. w. ; banne, 
badna, p. 

NOT A JOT. Whera bin, what, p. See BIT, MOR. 

JOURNEY, 9. {Iter, Lat.) Ceidh, kerdh, keid, ▼.; 
kerth, kergh, gerghen, p. ; veadge, c.w. 807 ; vyadg, 
c.w. 484 i vyadge, c.w. 680, 

JOVE, 9. Jovyn, lew, low, Yow, w. 

BY JOVE ! Jovyn ! Re Jovyn ! p. 

JOWL, «. See JAW. 

JOY, 9. Lawenes, w. ; lauenez, p. ; lowender, w. ; 
lowena, x. 207 ; lowenna, w. Lowenna tekca gothfy, 
the fairest joy thou knowest, p.c. 1042 ; lowyn^ w.; 
lowene, lauen, loane, louen, p. ; lowhen, o x. 2383. 
Ffeet yn lowhen arlythy, in great joy lords, o.x. 2383. 

JOYFUL, ad/. Lowenec, w.; lowenake, c.w 546; 
lowenek, lewenic, w. ; lawennek, lauenik, b. , low- 
ena, c.w. 332 ; lawen, lowen, luan, w. 

JOYFULLY, adv. Lowen, w. 

MORE JOYFULLY. Lowenne, w. 


JUDGE, s. Bamer, w ; bamyz, p. ; brodit, bresec, 
w. ; brezek, p. 

JUDGE, V. Brugy, w. ; brygy, p. ; brusy, vrusy, breyn, 
^- ; yuggye* »• ; yugge, p.c. 1333. Neb a tkm 
th^agan brugy, who will come to judge us, p.c. 1668. 
Yn yer worth agae yuggi, ia the sky, to judge you, 
p.c. 1333. 

TO JUDGE ONE'S SELF. Ymbreys^, w. 

JUDGEMENT, s. Bres, w. ; brez, p.; breys, biys, 
breus, brues, w. ; bruz, p. ; breuth, bryge, w. ; breral, 
p. ; bresel, bresyl, and the mutations by changing the 
initial ^ to r, as, vr^s, vr^z, vreys, rr^s, vresyl, ftc 
Hag a wra thy*n drdk bi esul, and he wDl do us an eril 
judgment, p.c 1918. Ndpendra a bryge wretigh^noi 
what judgment you make, p.c. 444. Jkdg gruthyl el 
both the vrye, to do all the will of thy judgment, 
O.K. 340. A reth thy^m orth am vreeyl, givest thoa 
to me for my judgment, cm. 1814 ; cuhudhas, cyhnd* 
has, gyhudhas, gyhydhas, gydhas, w. ; gydhaz, i. 

JUDGMENT-DAY,*. D^thbr68,p. 
JUDGMEKT-SEAT, «. Gorsedd, b. 

Digitized by 





JUG, ». (A jug with two ears. Amphoray Lat) Per- 
seit, w. 

A LITTLE JUG. Parrick, d. 

JUGGLER, X. Huder, w. ; hudol, p. 

JUGGLERY, «. fliis, p.c. 2695. Nep hiis ef re wrUk 
tkothiy some jugglery lie has done to him, p.c. 2695. 

JUICE, s. Sygan, w. 

JUICY, adj. Er, w. 

JULY, «. Gorephan, Gor-ephan, w. ; Gortheren, m. 

JULY MONTH, ». Mis Gorephan, w. ; Miz-Gorephan, 
ue.y the chief head of the summer-month ; Mjb 
Gortheren, ic. 2194. Mis guare, t.^., play-month, b. 

JUMP, V, Lamme, w. ; lamma, p. ; lemmel, lehmal, w- 

JUMPER, t. Lappior, p. 


JUNE, ». Ephan, Ephon, Efin, w. ; Misuen, b. ; Meth- 
even, ic. 4303. 

JUNE MONTH, s. Mis Efm, Mis Ephon, Mis Ephan, 
w. ; Miz- Ephan, t.#., the summer month, or h^ of 
sammer, p. ; Mis-Mesuen, b. ; Mes Metheven, x* 
4303. In mes methevetiy in the month of June, ic. 


JURISDICTION, t. Arlottes, p.c. 1604. Mar 9ytoe 
t^y arlotti^y if he is of his jurisdiction, p.c. 1604. 

JUST, adj, (Fxactly proportioned). Ewn, ewen, eon, 
w. ; eun, p. ; evn, o.m. 2530. in evn greyt an tearf 
trohSf in the just middle cut the joint, o.ic. 2530. 

JUST, a^'. (Upright, honourable). Ewhinsic, euhin- 
810, gwirion, gwyryon, w. 

dremmas, o ic. 864. Kepar deljuve dremmaa, like as 
he was a just man, o.m. 864 ; eunhilik, b. ; guerryon, 
p. ; guirion, b. 

JUST AS WELL. Mage lei, ic. 863. Ma^^ hi av^l 
y vam, just as well as his mother, m. 863. 

JUST NOW. Agensow, w. ; agynsow, n. Me a'n 

gwloi agynsow, I saw him just now, k.d. 896. 
JUSTICE, 8. Eistenyon, p. 
JUVENILE, adf. Yonc, yonk, yync, yowync, w. 


'* No i? in the British language, says Moyle (Lett., Vol. 
2, p. 182), till the year 1200 when the w was also 

The i? is very rare in Cott. Ms., but Mr. Lhuyd often 
uses it ; and by other modems the e, k, and ch, are 
indifferently used." Borlaee, "Antiquities," Ist 
Ed., p. 394. ^ 

KEENi adj\ Lymi tyn, dyn, feyn^ garow, w» j garoUj 
garo^ guariow, p, 

KENNEL, i.. (Gutter). ShanDl, w. 

KEEP, t\ G withe, gwjthe, gwcthe, w, ; guitha, guithj 
kuitha, B. J cult ha, dho cwitha, we the ^ w. ; wetha, 
augnatby, p. 

KEEP, V. (PreBerve, taktJ care of, guurdj. G^rwythy, 

KEEP, &, (Hold). Synay, o.ii. 23. Rdk iynsy glaw 

a wartha, to keep the rain aboTe, o,m- 23. 

KEEP BACK, «f. (Withold). Guitha dhort, b. 

KEEP OKE*S SELF, r. Omwethe, ymwythe, w. 

KEEPER, §. 'Cdswas, w. ; keisuas, P, ; gwithes, gwy- 
thea, gwythyi:a, gwithias, gwythyas, w. ; guithiaa, 
cuithias, p. ; guythyas, ir. ; gwithiad, guidthitit, wyth- 
y^s, wyth^s, w, Fy vr /df py y wyi/KXf what time 
was 1 bis keeper, o.m. 57fl, 

KEEPEltS, «. Kuithizi, b, 

KEEPING, *. (A keeping). GwUh, guyth, with^ 

wyth, w. 
KEEPING, *, (PteBerratiou). Sawment, w. 
KEPT, part Guathaa, gunthaa {?), b. 

KERNEL, I, Sprusan, c.w. Ib62. FL Sprua, spnise, 
o.w. 1855 ; BpuB, 0.11- 82;J, J^emer tyynpuM a'n mat, 
take three kernels of the apple, u.m. 823. In thia 
quotation there seems to be an error. Spr^e^ ia a 
plural in c,w* 1 855» and tprwsan a singular in o.w, 
1 852. A noun in the aingular aumber should follow 
a numeral. 

KESTREL, s. Crysaat, w. ; kryeaat, p. 

KETTLE, *. Caltor, w. ; kalhtor, koltor, a. ; calter, 
p. ; per, b, j chec, chek, w. ; kek, p. Tn danancheh, 
under the kcttlt^, b.b. 139. 

KETTLE or POT, #. Crochan, trochadn, b, 

KETTLE-DHUMS, *. Nakrys, o.m. 1398. 

KEY, §- Ahuel, alhuedh^ alwedh, w. ; alweth, al- 
wyth, p. ; olwhedh, w. ; alyek, b. ; dialhwedh, dialh- 
whedh, dialhwet, dial-hyet, w. 

KEYS, a. Alwedhow, alwhedhow, alwheoh, w, ; al* 
wheow, B.D. 65 U ; aluedhou, alhuedhou, p* 

KICK» V, (Like a horae). Poot, w. This word h now 
used in the Cornish dialect for a thtimp or blow, 

KICK or W1\TE, v, Tygly. May iyylymn tyhyla^ 
that wince (or kick) do the devils » p. 

KID, 8. (The animal). Ceverel, keverel, w. ; cheve- 
relj mynnan, p. ; my nan, myn, min, B, 

A MALE KID. Kydioroh, kytiorch, b. 

KIDNEY, f. Lonath, b. 

THE KIDNEYS, Lonath, w. 

KIDNEY-FAT, #. (Of a pig). Flair, d. 

KILL, V, Ladhe, w. ; lathe, E. 1852; ladha, dho la!^ 
ha, dho la<lh, p. Ed^ dhe ladU din nmr qura^ for if 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 





a man shall kill thee, o.M. 598 ; destrewy, dhestrewy, 
dystrewy. destria, destrea, w. Dho asstrta an din 
odth, to kill the old man, w. 

KILLECK. In fishing the frame of the killeck is call- 

ed ludroif b.v. 
KILLED, part. Ledhys, w. ; lethys, lyhys, p. ; lydhys, 

w. ; ledhaz, b. 

read lydhyn, heing 1 pers. pi. suhj. of ladhi, to 

kill, w. 
KILLING, A KILLING. *. Ladh, w. ; latha, p. 
TO KILL ONE'S SELF. Emladhe, w. 

KIND or SORT, ». Cende, kende, conda, kunda, 
w. ; henda (? hendti), p. Echen, ehen, hechen, hehen, 
w. ; ehin, p. ; ehan, eghen, b. ; pdr, riw, riu. 
OurriWf male kind, w. * 

KIND, adj\ Hynwys, w. ; kelednak, kylednak, 
cyweithias, w. ; ryth. A vynyn ryth. Oh ! kind 
woman, p. 

KIND SIR. Densa, m. 641 Dema lowena dywhy, 
kind (sir), joy to you. ic. 641. 

KINDLE, v. Tewy, w. ; tewy6, tew6, p. ; tiwy, 
dewy, dywy, w. ; tehen, tewyn, b. 

KINDLY, DEAR, adj\ Cuef, cueif, ciif, w. 

KINDNESS, 8. Yeneo, p. 

KINDRED, 8. Deskes, p. 

KING, «. Mychtem, vychtem. w. ; mychteryn, 
migt(^me, myghtem, p. ; mighteme. megtem, 
myhtern. b. ; myghter, p.c. 982 ; matem, matcr3rn, 
my, r^v, ruif, w. 

KINGDOM, «. Mychtemeth, michtemeth. myhter- 
neth, mytemeth, mychtem^s, w. ; meitemges, b. ; 
mifanaid, ruyvanedh, frwlascor, w. ; golascor, 
gnlasketh, ulascor, nlaskor, p. ; gwl&d, gwlis, w. ; 
gulas, P.O. 726 ; gl&s, p.c 808 ; gulan, p. ; gulat, 
gwleth, wl^th, wlascor, w. Iten kyrho thotho iKy 
wlith, carry him to him to hia kingdom, o.ic. 2370. 

KINGLY, adj. Real, ryal, w. ; ryel, p. 

KING'S DECREE. Gurhemin ruif, w. 

KING'S EVIL, «. Clevas an mytem, w. ; clevaz an 
mytem, p. 
Nj KING-FISHER, *. Pysgadyr an mytem, w. ; pys- 
gadyr yn mytem, p. ; guilan, b. Guxlan seeros to 
he the name for a gall. 

-KINK or TWIST IN A CHAIN, •. Grend, w.f.p. 

KINSMAN, 8. CAr, w. ; k&r, carayos, carogos, 
karogos, b. ; ogas, ogaz, oges, ogos, p. 
^ KINSMEN, 8, Nesseyyn, ic. 387. 

KISS, ». Am, ahem, w. ; amane, p. ; hay, vay, w. ; 
vee. p. {PI Baiou), p Bythqueth hay thy'm ny 
ry8»y8, never a kiss to me didst tnou give, p.c. 522 ; 
cussin, cysin, w. ; gnssin, b. ; impoc, w. ; impog. 
pokkail, b. ; poccuil, w. ; pokknil, b, ; pocoan, p. ; 
pocq, B. 

KISS, r. Am^, amm6, ama, amma, haye, w. ; 
regymmy, p. lliy^mmo ammS, kiss me p.c. 1106. 
Tky^tn the ammij to kiss me p.c. 1 107. 

THOU SHALT KISS. Ymmy, 2 pers. s. suhj. oi 
ammS, to kiss, w. 

KITCHEN, s. Cegin. w. ; kegin, b. ; keghin, gegin, 
gegen, w. ; gegan, b. ; gegon, w. ; gegyn, ii. 3721. 

KITE or PUTTOCK, *. Barges, w. ; hargez, p. ; 
hargus, b. ; hargos, w. ; scoul, b. ; skoal, p. 

KITTEN, 8. Chet, p. (The ch is soft). This is still a 
common name in Cornwall. 

KNAT or GNaT, *. Centowan, contuan. b. 

KNAVE, ». Adla, losel, lorel, w. ; yoran, Toren, p. ; 
fislak, B. Out toamough a tkevv adla, oat upon ye, 
Oh two knaves, ox. 1499. Re thanvona* vn adU, 
he sent a knave, p.c. 1686. See RASCAL. 

KNEE, *. GUn. pedn. gUn, penolin, glyn, gleyn, din, 
clyn, w. 

KNEES, 8. {i.e. The two knees). Dewlin, dewlyn, 
dhewlyn, w. ; thewlyn, dowlyn, b. ; deaglyn, b. ; 
dew glyen, c.w. 188 ; pendew glyn, hendewlyn, p. 

KNIFE, 8. CoUan, colhan, w. ; kolhen, kylhan, b.; 
kyllhan. p. ; collel, w. ; kollel. b. ; gollan, w. ; 
golhan, B. ; golen, hollan, w. ; holan, b. 

A LITTLE KNIFE. Kethel, b. ; collel, p. 

KNIGHT, 8. Marrec, w. ; marrek, m. 2444 ; marheg, 
w. ; marhag, marhak, p. ; marchec. w. 

KNIGHTS, 8. Marregion, marreggyon, marr6gioii, 
marrongion, w ; marroaggyon, w. ; marogyon, if. 
294 f marogyen, ic. 1742. 

KNIT, .V. Gwia, w. ; gaia, b. ; plyc, p. 

KNITTING, *. f A thing knitted). Gwiad, w. 

KNOCK, V. Cnoacye, knoukye, cnakia, w. ; cnmkii, 
cronky^, p. ; croncye. groncye, gwiscel, gwyscel, 
wyscel, gwyscy, w. ; guisky, guesga, wysk, p. 

KNOCKED, part. Gnacias, a matation of enaeiat, S 
pers. s. preter. of enaetS, id. qd. enouoyi^ to knock, w. 

KNOT, V. Colma, celmy, kelmy, cylmy, kyhny, 
gylmy, w. 

KNO'l', 8. ( olm, colmen, ^olmen. w. ; liam, b. M§^ 
faefyo an eolm tphartiy that the knot may fasten soon, 
p.c. 1626. 77ie knot of a how (in archery). Pe^ 
w ; peyll, p. 

KNOW, V. Godhfos, godhvos, w. ; gothfos, gcthvoe, 
p. ; gothfes, n. ; gothyes, gothyas, p ; gwocUias, w.; 
gaodhaz, p. ; godhas, w. ; govos, k. ; covas, cothfoi, 
p , wodhfos, wodhyos, w. ; wothfos, wotiiTOS, 
wothvas, wothya, p. ; wodhfy^, othvas, offya, w, ; 
aswon, aswony, aswonyn, aswonvos, adshan, wor, r.; 
or, ur, w. ; wore, wose, woth, whow, myn, f . ; 
g6n, w. 

I KNOW. Gothaff, wothaff, b.; g6n, w.; goon, i.; 
w6n, w. ; mi a aon, b. ; me a w6r, w. 

Digitized by 




THOU -KNOW EST; vWodhas. a matation of goihaa, 
2 pers. 8. prw. of the irr. v. godkf^, to kaow, w. ; 
jgotiifes. K. ; godhes te, w. ; cueta, a mutation of 
gwta, an abbreviation of godhh te ; wothes/ wethes, 

HE KNOWS, Gor, gour. wor, wour, wyr, or, <ir. 
'W6r and wour are mntatinns of g6r and gour. Used 
"with all persons. Dew a wdr, God knows. Me a 
wdr, I know, &c. Or and Hr are late forms of w6r. 
Ev a tir (or ev a dr), he knows, w. 

WE KNOW. Wodhan, wodhen, wydhen. w., muta- 
tions of godhan, Ac, 1 pers. pi. pres. of the irr. v. 
godhfoK^ to know, w. 

TE KNOW. Gothough, v. ; wodhouch, wodhoch, 
wedhoh, codhouch, w. ; wothogh, p. Wodhonch, eod- 
hough, and wodhoch, are mutations of godhoueh and 
godhnifh, 2 pers. pi. pres. of godhfoe ; the same also of 
tPoUogA, fruni gofhfot, to know ; wedhoh, is a mutation 
of gwedhoh, a late form of gweahouchy 2 pers. pi. pres. 
of irr, V. gtm, to know, w. 

THEY KNOW. Wodhons, a mutation of godhons, 3 
pers. pi. pres. of the irr. v. godhfon, to know w. ; 
gothons, K. 

I KNEW. Wodhyen, w. ; wothyun, wothean, p.; the 
matations of gothyen, v. ; godhyen^ gothyan, gnfhean, 
1 pers. s. imperf. ol godhfus or gothftn, to know, w. ; 
• gothen, N. 
THOU DIDST KNOW. Gothfes, gothes, gothas, w. 

HE KNEW. Wodhye, a mutation of gothy^, godhyd, 
3 pers. 8. imperf. of godhfo$, to know ; wyrthewys, a 
late corruption of wudhvedhy^t. a mutation of godhved- 
hy9, 3 perB. s. preter. of godfoe, w. 

WE KNEW. Wedhjm, a mutation of gwedhyn, 1 pers. 
pi. iaiperf . of the irr. v. gdn, to know ; guythen, n. 

THEY KNEW. Wodhyens, a mutation of godhyens, 
3 pers. pi. imperf. of godhfo^, to know, w. 

WE HAD KNOWN. Gothfen, v. 
THEY HAD KNOWN. Guthfons, n. 
(IF) I KNOW. Gothefaf, n. 
(IE) HE KNOW. Gothfo, N. 

I 8H A LL KNOW. Wodhefaf, a mutation of godhefaf, 
I pers. 8. fut. of th« irr. v. godhfo8, to know, w. 

THOU SHALT KNOW. Gothfy, gothfythy, n.; 
goidhi, p. 

mutation of godhfo, S pers. s. 2 fut. of godhfoe to 
know, w. 

2. Wodhfyth, uodhvyth, mutations of godhfyth 
and godhvyih, 3 pers. s. fut. of godhfot and 
godhvos w. ; govytii, gothvyth, K. 

3. Nabow, an abbreviated form of anahow, w. 
YE SHALL KNOW. Gothfetheugh, v. 

THOU MAYEST KNOW. WofPas. a CMtractod fona 
of wodhjen, a mutation of gudhfin, 2 pers. 8 subj. of 
godhfus, to know, w. 

HE MA Y KNOW. WojEfe, a contracted form of wodhfi, 
a mutation of godhfe, 3 pers. s. subj. of godhfoe, to 
know, w. ; guothvo ev, b. 

YE MAY KNOW. Whodhfouch, the aspirate muta- 
tion of godhfouch, 2 pers. pi. subj of godhfos, to 
know, w 

THAT HE MAY KNOW. Mai guoth ev, b. 

MAY HE KNOW. Re woff6, w. (woffe is gothfe) 

I SHOULD KNOW. Wodhfen, a mutation of godh- 
fen, 1 pers. r. subj. of godhf»s, to know, w. 

THEY SHOULD KNOW. Godhfons, codhfons, w. 

HE WOULD HAVE KOWN. Wodhfye, a mutetion 
of godhtyi, 3 pers. s. subj. of godhfos, to know, w. 

KNOW, KNOW YE. Gwothemys, gothvethough, b. 

KNOW THAT. Oyhahedda, b. 

KNOW THIS. Oyha hemma. b. 

KNOWN. C6th, cooth, goth, p.; gothvethys, ». ; 
gothew\ s, B. ; oren. p 

NO MAN KNOWS. Ni or Un veth, b. 

IT IS KXOWN. Wodher, a mutation of godher, 3 
pers pi. pass, of g^dhfas, w. ^ 

KNOWLEDGE, s. Sceans, skeans, scians, skians, 
skyens, skeyens, skyans, skyhaaB, scient, desoans, 
deskans. Tw hynwy* prm a nkyene, which is named 
the tree of knowledge, o.x. H2; scenteleth, skente- 
leth, skentuleth. w. ; skyentoleth ic. 156; skentyl- 
lur. sKentyll ; askentelf^th. adzuanfas. p. ; gothfos, ic. 
1988; gothvos m. 28; gothvas, c.w. 645. Ny rikk 
trttspus thum gothfot, I have not done violence to my 
knowledge, x. 1988. 

KNUCKLES or JOINTS, $. Huoksen, n. 


'' This letter is radical and immutable in all the Celtic 
languages, except in Welsh where it is secondary, 
and a mutation of ?/," w. Lex. Com, Brit, 

LABt^UR, V. Gwethc, quethe, gwayth^y gwythy, 
gwethel, guthyl, lalurye. laviria, w. ; lavyrrya, c.w. 
1079 ; lafierya, b. ; gonedhy, w. ; gonethy, p. ; gones, 
gonys, conys, wonys, obery, w. ; g{il, guil, gwyl, gll, 
geil, geel. dho whCd, dho whejd, whell, whela, whe- 
las, wharf e, p. 

LABOUR, Jt. Lafur, lafyr, lavur, w. Awo8 lavur na 
dwdn, because of labour nor sorrow, o.ic. 2405 ; lavyr, 
p.; lafurye, o.m. 1899; lavut, p ; lavirians, gwy- 
thres, wythres, gwaythe, gwyth, w. ; guyth, m. 785 ; 
gueid, w. ; gdl. p.c. 546 ; gwreans, gwryans, w. ; 
guryans, p.; ober, b. ; oba,r, c.w. 1177; weyll, m. 
2322. For other illustrations see WORK. 

Digitized by 





LABOUR PAINS. (In childbed). QoIotes, w. 

LABOURER, s. Gunithiat, gonidoo, w. ; gonidog. b. ; 
gonesig, goneseg, wonesek, p. 

LABOURING, adf. Lavirlans, w. 

B^st hwM, w. ; best huel, p. ; ehal, ysgrybl, b. ; 
yskryble, p. 


LACK or WANT, *. Faut, p. ; £awt, fout, fowt, w. 

I LACK or WANT. Na faut dho, b. 

Lad, s, M4b, maw, w. ; mau, van, vaw, vaow, p. ; 
guas, M. 1884. PI, Guesyen, M. 1176; guescyon, 
guesyon, h. See BOY. 

LADING, «. (Of a ship). Geladen. Carew. 

LADS, «. See BOYS. 

LADLE, s. Haddall, b. 

LADY, 9, Arludhes, arlnth^s, arlodhes, arlothes, w. » 
arluidhes, p. 

BY OUR LADY! (The Virgin Marj-). Revaiia! 
Borlase says this was a common expression of surprise, 

LAKE, 8. Lyn, lagen, grelin, w. ; Kkh, lin, llun, b. ; 
stagen, w. 


LAMB, «. On, oan, oin, w. Avel 6n doff^ like a tame 
lamb, X. 4028. Fi. Eanow, w. ; ean^s, b. 

A LITTLE LAMB. Oanic, b. 

LAME, offj. C16f, w. ; klof, b. ; cloppec, w. ; cloppek, 
p. ; kloppek, b. ; cloppy, n. ; efPredh, evredhac, mans, 
w. ; yre&ek, p. ; omlaua. lempia, b. 

A LAME PERSON. Clopper, d. 

LAMENT, V, Gwelvan, holea, w. ; hoalea, olua, p. ; 
olc, wole, garlarow, w. ; galarou, b. ; cyny, kyny, w. ; 
thyke, p, 

THEY SHALL LAMENT. Y-vyllyk, vyllyk. b. 

LAMENTABLE, *dj. Trewyth, trewath, drewath, 

w. ; trewathac, trawedhuk, trauedhak, travethak, 

B ; trauethak, p. 

LAMENTATION, «. Duwhan, dewhan. duan, dhnan, 
duwon, duon, w. ; dw6n, o x. 2405 ; duehan, drem, 
galar, w. ; iingarme, b. ; olva, w. ; olah, p. ; ollua, 
B. ; croffolas, w. Oe»ough the vis eroffolae, leave off 
lamentation, o.¥, 1662. 

LAMP, «. Golowlester, w. ; goloulester, p. ; goloules- 
tre, B. ; cantly, launtier, lugam, w. ; lygam, p. 


LAMPREY, «. Momader, w.; momerdyr, b. Lit. 
A sea adder. Lamper, d. 

LAMP-WICK, 8. Boobun, b.v.; booba, w.p.p. This 
is a name for a wick made of a piece of rag, and 
. used in a chilly or small earthen lamp (rarely made of 

LANCE, s. Gew, giw, guw, w. ; gen, go, gun, P. ; 
gy w, B. (? if guu, be plural) ; b*r, v*r, w. 

LANCE-FISH, «. Yisnans, b. ; calcar, d. SeeSANIK 

LAND, r. Teera, tira, w. 

LAND, B, (Earth, soil, ground) Tir, tyr, teer, d6r, 
doar, doer, oer (on oer), w. ; dodnan, b. B6f thjft 
o^ tyf'% I give thee my land, r.d. 857. 

GOOD LA.ND. N6rva«, p. 

HEAVY LAND. Tyr powys, p. 

ENCLOSED LANDS. Tyr fyneau, b. 

LAND NEAR THE SEA. Morrab, n. 

LANDS, *. Terros, terms, w. ; terroz, terras, p. ; 
teroge. w. ; teryov, m. 385 ; tyiyow, ». 

LAND. «. (Territory, country). Tireth, tyreth. ty- 
reyth, dyreyth, w. ; terathe, c.w. 2452 ; 14z, lis, b. 

HIGH LAND. Tyreth vhel {uhel). ic. 2212. 

V6n laz, b. 

LAND, *, (A land or country). Bro, vro, pow, w. ; 
pou, p. 

LAND-FLOOD, «. Cahenryd, chahen lit, w. ; kaheo- 
ryd, B. ; auan, p. 

LAN^DLORD, t . (An innkeeper). Ost, b. ; oster, p. ; 
maidor, b. 

LANDSMAN, «. Tyrguas, p. 

LAND-ROD, «. (For measuring). Gord, b.t. It 
was 9 feet long. 

LANE, «. Bounder, younder, p. Chy vounder^ the 
house in the lane 

A LANE WAY. Vounder ydr, b. 

A LONG NARROW LANE. Gurgo, w.f.p. 

LANGUAGE, A LANGUAGE, *. Laveryans, w.; 
laveryanz, r. ; tavaseth, w. ; tavazeth, p. ; tavas, w.; 
tavaz, p. 

LANTERN, «. Launter, b. ; lanter, p.c 609 ; cantyl 

launtier, goloulester, p. 

LAP, THE LAP, «. Devra, p. ; barlen, b. 

LAPWING, 4, Comiwillen, codnawilan, w.; codna- 
huilan, p. ;' kodna-huUen, b. 

LARD, s. Blonec, p. ; blonit, b. ; mehin, w. ; mord, 

mort, D. 
LARGE, adj, Efan, effan, w. ; eyan, p. Vn sfyher 

efan yn scdn^ a large room soon, P.O. 638 ; bris, w.; 

br&z, B. ; braos, brawse, p ; yrAs, houtyn, m^, menr, 

mear, maur, m^, y^r, yeur, yeor, w. ; year, yaui, p. ; 

ledan, leaden, uthec, uthic, w ; ithick, ithig, lardsh, 

p. See also BIG and HUGE. 

LARGENESS, s. Br&sder, yrisder, w. 
LARGELY, adv. Ithik, ithig, p. 

Digitized by 





LARK, i. KelhaeB, yelhu^ w. ; melhaei, yelliaes, 
p. ; melhaet, w ; melhuek. b. 

LASCIYIOXTS, ai^\ Lill, w. This word also means 
a goat wheDce perhaps the use of the word. 

LAKH or SCOURGE, v. Lace, lak, p. M0 ath lak, 
I will lash (or lacej thee; scorgyas, krongkia, 
terhi, b. 

LASH, «. (Of skin or thong). Cr6n, w. See SEIN. 

LAST, V. (Hold out long). Dirrn, b. 

LAST, adf. Pin, fyn, w. jRdff hemma yv ow g6$ Jyn^ 
for this is mj last hlood, P.O. 824. 

AT LAST. Biua, teua, b.; tyweth, P.O. 1810; yn 
dywith, 0.1c. 671; wostewMh, wotewMh, w. ; 
wotevfttti, B. 

LATCH, t. (Of a doorV Oliket, b. 

LATE, adj'. Avar. p.c. 696. Whet war pryi ioper yv^ 
it is now late time for snpper, p.c. 696 ; dewedh^s, 
dewethes, dewethas, dywethas, diwedhas, diwedha, 
dinedhas, p. ; diuethaz, b. ; dowethyans (? lateness), 
p. ; holerch, w. ; holergh, p. WilUams and Norris 
giro •* early " for avar. 

LATE, adj, (Kecent, fresh, new). Newedh, newydh, 
nowydh, w. ; noweth, noaedzha, p. 

LATER, adj. Bivetha, p. 

Lately, adv, Agensow, agynsow, w. ; pocvan, p. 
Ayensaw me an yuelae, I saw him lately b.d. 91 1. 

LATHS, «. Lasys, o.ic. 2474. 

LATITUDE or WIDTH, t. L«s, leys, w. 

LATTER, adj\ Direttha, b. 

LAUD. PRAISE, e. Golochas, w. ; golohas, p. ; lawe, 
w. ; lau. P. 

LAUGH, f?. Wharthc, warth^, w. ; wharthy, p. ; 
wherthy, w. ; wherthen, b. ; wherthyn. hwerthin, 
w. ; huerthin, P. ; huerthyn, b. ; huerlun, w. ; hwer- 
win, B. 

LAUGH, *. (A laugh). Wharth, hwarth, hwerthin, 


LAUGHING, part. A hwerhin, w. 

LAUGHTER. «. Wharth, hwarth, hwerthin, w. ; 
huerthin, p ; huerhen. b. 


LAW, 8, Laha, lacha, w. ; lagha, p.c, 2388 ; latha, u. 

1629 ; dedwh, b. PI. Lays, w. ; lahez, p. 
LAWSUIT, s. Cto, kftn, chte, w. 
LAWN, V. (A space of grass ground). Lanherch, p. 
LAX, adf. Lac, w. ; louzall, p. 

LAY, V. (To het). Gysenahi, w. ; gusendzhi, p. Mi 
wdn yueendM, I will lay, 

LAY, V. (To place)* Gora, gorre, worre, gurra, lathye, 
settya, syttya, w. 

TO LAY ASIDE, v. Hepcor, w. 

LAY YE ASIDE or DOWN. Rowmann {ro-amm), 

TO LAY EGGS, v. Guerifl, b. 

TO LAY HANDS ON, v. Guasga dom, b. 

TO LAY HOLD OP. v. Gaval, w.; gouas, p.; dat 
henne, prenne, pema, w. 

TO LAY ON or IMPOSE, v. Gurra, p. 

TO LAY SNARES, v. Bachc, bagh^, w. 

TO LAY UP, V, Godr, gora, p* 

LAY, s. (A lay, as of land). T6n, todn. w. 

LAY, adf. JAc. Uk, w.; leyk, ic. 2931. Pynay vo 

lettys py Uh, whoever he may be, lettered or lay, w. 

Leyk ha lyen, lay and learned, m. 2931. 

LAYMAN, 8. Leic, Wc, laig. w. ; leig, b, ; Iftk, m. 

LAZY, adf. Sigyr, zigyr, w. ; xigur, «ighir, soger, 
nath, diog, b. An gwdi brds siyyr-na, that great 
lazy fellow. Zighirna kmga^ this lazy fellow sleeps. 

LAZINESS, 8. (A fit of laziness). Lurgy, b. 

LEAD, V. Hombroncy, hembr3rncy, w. ; hembrynkj, 
p. ; hebrency, ledya, ledia, w. 

THEY LED. Hombronkyas, b. 

LED, part. Hombronkyas, b. 

LEAD, 8. (The metal). Plom. plobm, b. 

LEADER, 8. (Captain or commander). Hebrenoiat, 

w. ; hebrenchiat, p. 
LEADER OF AN ARMY. Hebrenchiat luid, w. 

LEAF, 8. Delen, delkian, w. ; delkio, p. ; dele, w. ; 
delk, p. 

LEAVES, 8. Delyow, dylyow, w.; dellyow, c,w. 94; 
delyou, delkiou, p.; delciow, deel, deil, deyl, w. 
Qans deyl agon otUhS gvren, let us cover ourselTes 
with leaves, o.ic. 254. 

GRELN LEAVES. Delciow gw^r, w. ; deel gl4s. 
LEAF, 8. (Of a book). Aden, Hvan, w. 

LEAK, f?. Sigger, sigure, sygyr, zighyr, D. Fromwytfr, 
full of holes. 

LEAN or LANK, adj. CM, w. ; kiil, cal, kyl, b. ; 
tanow, tanaw, w. ; tanau, p. 

LEAN, V. Powesy, pose, w. ; posse, p. ; puza, bossc, 
B. Mate na puza, boy, do not lean. BostfS y ben, to 
lean his head. 

HE COULD LEAN. Bosse, a mutation of poesi, w. 

LEAP, V. Lamme, w. ; lamma, p. ; lemmel, w. ; 
lemal, b. ; lebmal, w. 

LEAP OVER, V. (To leap over). Drislemmal, dris- 

lebmal, w. ; driz -lebmal, p. 
LEAP, 8. Lam, w. A harlot rSth fo drdk lam, ah! 

knave, it shall be a bad leap for thee, p.c. 2247. 
LEAP or SKIP, 8. Lanherch, b. 

Digitized by 




LEAPER, «. Lappior, ^. 

LEARN, t^. Descy, w. ; deoki, deagy, deshy, p. ; dyeoy, 
dysky, dhysky, tysky, desca, desga, w. 

LEAKNED, part. Biseys, diakys, .ftc . w. ; edris, b. 

LEARNED, WISE, at^\ Soentyl, skentyll, scyntyl, 
w ; skyntyll, b. ; acientoc, w. ; lyen, h. 29S1. 
Leyk ha lyen, lay and learned, ic. 2931. 

LEARNING, s. Scient, soeanB, skeans, skeans, sci- 
ans, skians, skyans, skyens, skenteleth, skentuletb, 
w. ; skentyllur, skentyll, p. ; dyscyans, w. ; dys- 
kyans, dyskans, p. ; disky, tisky, thesky, b. ; lyen, 
w. ; litherau, b. 

LEAST, THE LEAST. Leia, b. ; leiha, p.; leiah, 
leiadh, b. Bythena k&psj- ha^n lyha, let him be like 
the least, p.c. 1794. 

AT LEAST. En leiah, dhan leiadh, b. ; en idnak, p. 

LEAT, «. (Artificial water channel). Lakka, p. They 
still call a leat or mill-stream a lake, at Lostwithiel. 

LEAVE, V. (Relinquish, permit). Gase, w. ; gasa, 
• B. ; gesy, gyssy, gage, ag6, w. ; the as^, n. 

LEAVE, V. (Quit). Gara, garera, esgara, w. 

I WILL LEAVE. Asaaf, a mutation of ytuiof, from 
yas^, to leave, w. 

HE WILL LEAVE. An, h4i, mutations of yds, 8 pers. 
8. fut. of yai^, is leave, w. 

LEAVE YE. Gesouch, geseuch, w., from yety, 

HE MAY LEAVE. Gasso, from yasa, to leave, w. ; 
asse, a mutation of yassi, from yasi, to leave, w. 

LEAVE, r. (To leave by will). Cemynny, kemynny, 
cymmyny, w. ; kemynni, p. 

LEAVE, 9, (Permission, license). Cemeas, kemeas, 
cibmias, w. ; kibmias, kibmiaz, p. J)gr ra kibmiaz, 
by vour leave, b. ; cummeas, w. ; kummeas, p.c. 
3112; cummyas, w. Ty ary cummyas, thou shalt 
give leave,, b. ; kummyaz, b. ; cummy6s. gummyas, 
cymmyas, kvmmyas, w. ; gymmyas, c.w. 1545; 
evodh. Dreyyz evodh, by your leave, b. ; voider. 
Dry voider, by leave, b. 

LEAVEN, «, Gw^l, b. ; plummin, n. See BARM. 

LEAVENED, adj\ Plum, d. Used of bread only. 

LEAVENED BREAD. Bara gw^l, b. 

LED FORTH. Digthyas, b. 

LEECH, 8. G^l, gh^l, w. 

LEEK, 9 Porran, cinin, cenin, w. ; kinin, p. 

LEES, 9. (As of drink). Godhas, w. ; godhaz, god- 
ho, B. 

LEFT, s. (The left). CIMh, kl^h, w. ; klMhe, 
B. ; cl^th, M. 1850 ; kUth, p.c. 1380 ; gUdh, w. 

dom glikin, p. ; luef gl^th, p.c. 2747. 

LEFT AND BIGHT. CUih a dynf. m. 1650. 

LEFT-HANDED, adj. ClMhec, w. ; HMhek, p.; 
dom gUdh, dom glikin, w. The Coinieii still ealla 
left-handed peroon cliok-handed, dikky-haaded or 

LEFT, adj. Clfeth, gUth, p. 

LEFT, ^ar^. Garros, from yara. OweU yerr6n.\Ma 
left, p. ; gesy 8, w., from ynt^. 

HE LEFT. Asas, a mutation of yaaan, from yata, to 
leavo, w. 

THOU LEFTEST. Gyssys, 2 pers. s. preterite of yat^, 
to leave, w. 

YE LEFT. Gysseuch, 2 pers. -pi. preter. of yaaS, to 

leave, w. 
LEG, 9. F^r, v^r, bftr. Zoyoden fir, the calf of the 

leg ; gar, esgar, w. 

LEGS, 9. Garrou, b. ; garrow, arrow, w. Oamno 
p^ troyh, legs all broken, u. 8S81 ; worthosow, b. 

LEGACY, 9. Cymmun, b. ; skuat, skuit, s. 

LEISURE, AT LEISURE. Gw4g, gwAk, segyr, seg- 
yrys, w. 

LEISURELY, adv. Tyshatas, tys-ha-tas, w. 

LEND, V. Kular, b.v. Mr. Bernard Victor, of Mouse- 
hole, Cornwall, sayw that ** his grandfather leant 
this word from DoUy Pentreath." The grandfather 
was called George Badcock, and he was old DoUj'j 
undertaker. (See my '* Glossary of the Cornish dia- 
lects," F. W. P. Jago ) 

LENGTH, *. (Longitude). HM, h^, heys, hys. w. ; 
h^z, h^z, p. Trt/ h$y9 (he bdl kewiery, take three 
lengths of thy spade, o.x. 392. 

LENGTH. (Of time). Heys, h^s, hftz, p. 

A LENGTH OF TIME. Hirenath, w. ; hyrenaUi, p. 

LEPER, 9. Clafhorer. b ; clajEf, ic. 2413 {PI. Clevyon, 
jf. 13.30). Claff deberthy9 (m. 1413). A separated 

LEPROUS, adj. Glaforec, olafiiorec, w. ; clafhoredi, p. 

LEPROSY, 9. Lovrygyan, ii. 13.56. Yma orlheffkfh 
rygyaf^i there is leprosy on me. ic. 1356. 

LESS, adj. Lea, p. ; W, w. Me ny ^ennaf eafiu U, I 
will not take less, p.c. 594. 

LESSEN, V Leh^, w. ; lehy. leihy, p. ; leyhe, leyhy, 
lyhy, ]yha, w. ; lygha, p. ; leghya, m. 2981 ; cosowa, 
w. ; kosoua, P. 

LESSER, THE LESSER, adj. Behatna, p. 

LEST, LEST THAT, e(,nj. Rigoun, w. 

LET,>. (Hinder). Hethy, thuethy, w. 

TO LET FORTH, t^. Raggory, p. 

TO LET or LOWER DOWN, t^. CyMene, w. 

Digitized by 




TO LET OUT, V. Delle, dyllo, duello, w. ; thello, p. 

TO LET BLOOD, r, Dylla gud^h, w. 


LET US. Agnn. A^un byt, let us pray, p. 

LET. Grenz, gwreuz. Greni enna 16% follow, let there 
be light, p. 

LET or HINDRANCE, «. His, hethy, p. 


LETHARGY, «. Entredcs, w. 

LETHARGY, «. (The disease). Huyn-dhe-sympit, 
B. ; wuin desimpit, p. ; pundesimpit, b. 

LETTER, *. (Of the alphabet). Litheren, letheren, 

LETTER, *. (Epistle, missive). Lither, lyther, let- 
her, scriven-danvon, w. ; scriven-danven, b. 

LETTERS, s. Litherow, w. ; litherov, m. 2796. Dotko 
iegogh lytherov, to him hear ye letters, m. 2796. 


LEVEL, ad^\ Leven, w. 

LEVER, 8. Gyst, p. 

LEVITY or LIGHTNESS, *. Scavder, w. 

LEXICON, 8. Gerlerer, w. 

LIAR, «. Goak, w. ; goacke, c.w. 2366 ; g<iac, gowec, 
w. ; g^ak, P. ; gowek, b. ; gouhoc, w. PL Goui- 
gion, p. 

A TELLER OF LIES. Gow-leveriat, gowleveriat, 
w. ; gouleveriat, b, ; gouleveria, p. 

LIBERAL, a^\ Hail, w. ; gortas, p. 

LIBERALITY, 8. Roweth, w. 

LIBERATE, v, Dyllo, w. ; dylyr, p. ; dilvar, b. 

LIBERTY, «. Lyfreson, w. Ty a fyth the lyfreaon, 

thou shalt have thy liberty, b.d. 1676. 
AT LIBERTY, FREE. Wary, w. ; uary, b. ; franc, 

frank, p. 

LIBE8TICA, *. (Herb). Gwyles, b. 

LIBRARY, 8. Levarva, p. 

LICENSE or LEAVE, *. Cummeas, cummyas, kym- 
myas, cymmyas, cummyes, w. ; uary, b. See LEAVE. 

LICENTIOUSNESS, «. Wary, w. ; uary, p. 

LICK or SLAP, v. Lace, w. Me aUh lak, I will lace 
(lick) thee. 

LIE, 8. (Falsehood) Gow, gou, w. ; gowe, c.w. 65 ; 
wow, ow, w. /'/. Gewan, w. ; geuan, p. 

LYING or IDLE TALES. Whetlow, p. They still 
call such tales whiddles, 

LIE, V. Karwedha, b. Ma^n lada y kartaedha, the thief 
lies (lie down). Gowheles, wowheles, w. ; dho laol 
gou, p., to tell a lie. 

TO UE ALONG, v. Wrowethe, kiUin, b. 

TO LIE DOWN, V, Growedhi^, crowedhe, wrowedh^, 
growetha, ic. 3569. In pre8on the growetha, in prison 
to lie, M. 3669 ; groweth, p. ; gorwedh«, corwedha, 
gurwedha, w. ; gurvedhu, kaiwedha, b. ; koruedhay 
p. ; goruedh, cowethas, b. 

TO LIE HID, V, Gova, gowea, w. ; gouea b. 

TO LIE QUIET, v, Cescy, kesky, cosce, «usc6, cuskc, 

cusga, cysga, w. 

TO LIE WITH, V. Gorwedha. corwedha, growedhe^ 
w. ; gorued, groweth, wrowethe, p. 

LIEGE, 8, Lych, m. 271 ; Hch, m. 278. 

LIFE, 8, (The living principle). Bew, hiu, w. 

LIFE, 8, (Existence, state of heing). Bewnans, vew- 
nans, w. ; heunans, b. ; bewnens, k. ; hewnas, c.w. 
349 ; vewnas, b. ; bownas, w. ; bounaz, b. ; bounas, 
Capt Hitchen^ Comuh epitaph in Paul churchyard, 

LIFE, AGE, 8. Hoedel, b. {etc.) 

LIFELESS, adj. Marow, maro, w. 

LIFT UP, V, (To lift up.) Cosowa, cosoua, kosoaa, 
B. ; drehevel, dereval, w. ; derebal, dreval, gorren^ 
hwedhy, hudhy, huthy, p. 

LIFTED UP. Derevas, deraffas, b. 

LIGHT or KINDLE, v. Tehen, tewyn, b. ; tine, d. 

LIGHT, TO GIVE LIGHT, v, Golowa, colowa, 
gouloua, gylywi, w. ; gylyua, goloua, kylyui. p. 

LIGHT, 8, (The light, as of the sun, &c.) Golow, 
golou, p. ; golowe, c.w. 45 ; goUow, b. ; gulow, 
gulu, golowder, uolou, wolow, p. Y wHh lanter8 
gans guhto, also lanterns with light, P.O. 6')9. Rdk 
golowder ny^mbUs grdth, for the light there is not 
grace to me, o.ii 1413. T wolow o mikr a 8plan. 
his light was very brilliant, b.d. 535. 

LIGHTS, 8. (As of sun, stars, &c,) Golowys, 
wolowyfl. w. ; wuUowys, c.w. 736; golow, o.ii. 40; 
golou, uolou, B. Be8fSit, pwhee, golowys^ beasts, 
fishes, lights, o.v. 52. May roUons y golow eplan^ 
that they may give their shining lights, o.m- 40. 

LIGHT, «. (A light, lamp, or candle). Lugam, w. ; 
lygam, cantyl, p. 

LIGHT, adf. (Bright, shining). Golow, w. 

LIGHT, adj. (Easy). Glow, gleu, p. ; glev, p.c. 
2088. Ow bommyn yv mar thy 8 glev^ my blows are 
wondrous light, p.c. 2088. 

LIGHT, adj. (In weight). Laha, lagha, p.; 8c4f, 
sc&ff, sc4v, sg4v, w. ; skave, c.w. 1198 ; sgau, b. 

LIGHTNESS, ». (In weight). Scavder, w. ; skAv- 

der, p. ; sgdvder, b. 
LIGHTNESS, 8, (Brilliancy). Golowder, n. 
LIGHTEN, V, (To ease). Cosowa, w. ; kosoua, dho 

aizia, p. 

Digitized by 





LIGHTEN, V. (Lightning). Cylywi, w. ; kylyui, 
kuluwi, p. Idzhi kuluwi ha tredna^ it lightens and 
thunders, p. 

LIGHTNING, ». Colhran, b. ; golowas, w. ; golonas, 
p. ; goleuas, b. ; luhas, luchas, lowas, luhes, w. ; 
louas. B. ; luehes, m. ; 2149 ; luhet, w. ; luwet, b. ; 
colly bran, d. Colly hr an is used for fiummer lightning, 
and also for the smut in com. 

A FLASH OF LIGHTNING. Luhcsen. w, Th'y 
leuky vn luhes n, a flash of lightning to bum him, 
K.D 294. PI. Luhes, w. 

LIGHT-VESSEL, ». (Vessel with a Hght). Golow- 
lester, w 

LIGHTS, s. (The lungs). Scevens, skephans, sceuens, 

w. ; broden, b, 
LIKE. Avel, hevel, haval, havel, cehafal, kehaval, 

w. ; keif, kief, kev, kevelep. p. ; cevelep, hevelep, 

hyvelep, w. ; pocar, pokar, w. ; pycar, b. ; pekar, 

pokara, p. ; del, p4r, w. ; kepar, v. 

LIKE AS. C4r, pocar, pecar, cara, w. ; kara, p. ; 
avel, mal, tro, tra, try, tre, dre. 

LIKENESS, *. Havalder, heveles, w. ; haval, aval, 
avell, B. ; hevelepter, hyvelep, hevelep, w. ; kyifris, 
p. Hevelep th6*m face vy, the likeness to my face, 
O.M. 2337. 

LIKING, «. Ore, w. Arluth why yv a thy gre an bous^ 
Lord to your liking is the robe ? a n. 1923-4 

LIKE TO. Avel, cepar, kepar, w. 

LIKEWISE, adv, Ynwedh, w. ; ynweth, b.; yn 
weth, in weth, p. ; inweth, m. 293 ; weth, p. ; 
weyth, weydh, w. ; ceceffrys, kekeffrys, b. ; keky- 
fry 8, CM. 464 ; ceverys, keverys, keverys, cefrys, 
keffrvz, cyfreys, cyffrys, p. ; kyirys, o.if . 463 ; 
cetelia, ketella, ketteraien, cettemiyn, del, della, an 
della, andellan, parthy, p. ; hagenzol, b. 

LILY, 9. Lilie, w. ; lili, b. 

IJMR, 8. (Of the body). Asel, esel, w. ; ysel, p. ; 
leyth, lyth, mell, cefals, ehefals, w. 

LIMBS, 8. (Of the body). Esely. esyly, ysyly, 
yssilli, w. ; yshili, b. ; yssyly, o.m. 1012. Mar 
itreu) ov y88ylyy so bruised are my limbs, o.x. 1012. 

LIME, 8, Caleb, w. ; calk, p. ; kalch, kaik, b. 

LIMIT or BOUNDARY, a. Diwedh, dywedh, 
dewedh, duadh, dyweth, w. ; diuadh, p. ; diuath, b. ; 
diua, p. ; fen, fin, w. ; geyth, gyst, P. 

yrrian, w. 

LIMPET, s, Brenigen, brennigen, bemigan, w. ; 

brenigan, p. PL Brennic, w. ; brennik, p. 
LIMPET-SHELL, 8. Croggan, b.v. • 
LINE, s. (Cord). Lovan, louan, p. 
LINE, 8. (A row). Raw, w. 

LINE or LINEAGE, A RACE, s. Linieth, lynn- 
yeth, lynneth, w. ; lydnyathe, c.w. 2097. 

LINEN, X. Lin, lien, lyen, w. ; Han, b. 

A LINEN CLOTH. Lien, lyen, w. 

FINE LINEN. Sendal, sendall, cendt-l, eendal, w. 
Yn cendel hag yn ourlyn, in fine linen and in silk, 
O.M. 1762. 

LIMG or HEATH, s. Grig, griglans, w. ; gryglans, 
p. The word griglans^ for heaUi, is still in use in 
Com wall. 

LING, ». (Fish). L^n, w. ; lenez, b. PI. Lenesow, w. 

LINGER, t;. Hethy, p. 

LINGER \0T. Na streth, na streche, na strelha, p. 

LINGERING. Kurtaz, b. 

LINK, «. (Of a chain). Merle, n. 

LION, s. Leu, w. ; lew, Iheu, withell, withellonack, 

B. ; onak, p. 
LIONESS, *. Leues, p. 

LIP, s, Gwelv, w. ; guelv, p. ; guelu, B. ; gueua, 
gweus, mein, min, meyn, myyn, w. ; vyn, m. 1450. 
Myr warvan dre/e the vyn, look up, raise up thy lip, 
M. 1450. 

LIPS, s, Gwelvans, w. ; guelvanz, vlawmennow, p. ; 
welv, P.O. 2085. 3£ay fo g6s y vlawmennow, that 
there be gore on his lips, p. My an knouk ef er y 
welv, I will beat him on his lips, P.O. 2085. 

LIQUIFY, V. Tedha, w. 

LIQUOR, 8. Lad (compare this with the English 
word ladle), w. ; cad, p. ; lyn, lin, w. ; lywar, b. 

LIQUOR, DRINK, », Gwiras, gwyras, wyras, w.; 
eveugh, methow, p, ; pymeth, pyment, w. £dg hem- 
ma yv pyment fyn, for this is a fine liquor, o.m. 

LIQUORICE, 8, Gouiles, guylys. w. ; guyles, p. 

LISTEN, V. Gole, gola, cole, cola, golsowas, wolao- 
was, w. 

LISTEN THOU. Cool. w. ; coyl, m. 407. 


LISTENED or DID LISTEN. Gysyuaz, b. 

LITERATURE, «. Lyen, w. 

LITTER, 8, (Straw, &c.) Gwells, gwels, gweli, 

guelz, w. ; gw}l8, p. 
LITTLE, adj. Bean, behan, bian, bihan, byan, byhan, 

bechan, bichan, w. ; biggan, bighan, p. ; beghan, B.; 

bychan, bochan, w. ; boghan, b. ; bohan, w. ; wiggan, 

p. ; also the mutations by changing 6 to f as in the 

following, vi%. : vean, vian, b ; vyan, vychan, w. ; 

vichan, vighan, b., Ac. ; menow, minow, minis, w, ; 

minnis, b. ; minys, menys, munys, venys, w. ; go, p. 

Qo dol, a little valley, p. 

A LITTLE BIT, SOME. Nebes, w. ; neba«, p. 

A LITTLE or SMALL MATTER. Boches, boha, 
bochod, boghes, w. JBohh ov h^na thy'nny^ little i» 
this for us, o.x. 381. Mer$bae b§ghS8 eoyni^ I was 
too little sharp, p. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 





A LITTLE DISTANCE. Pols, k.d. 1610. Pok a 
lemma^ a little (distance) from here, b.d. 1610. 

A LITTLE WHILE. Pols vian, p. ; teken, b. 

LIVE, V. Bewe, bewa, pewe, pewa, bew, pew, vewe, 
vewa. Tew, vew6. Nynsus bewd nafellay there is no 
living any longer, o.m. 1703. 

LIVING, part Bew, bin, w. ; b^u, p. ; byw, vew, 

w. ; Ten, p. 
HE HAS LIVED. Vewas, a mutation of hewoi, 8 

pers. s. preter. of lewij to live, w. 

HE HAD LIVED. Vewse, a mutation of hewU, 3 
pers. 8. pluperf . of hetod^ to live, w. 

HE WILL LIVE. Vew, a mutation of hew, 3 pers. 
s. fat. of hewe, to live, w. 

HE SHALL HAVE LIVED. Vewo, a mutation of 
hewo, 3 pers. s. 2 fut. of b$wo^ to live, w. 

LET THEM LIVE. Be wens, w. 

THOU MAYEST LIVE. Vy wy, a mutation of hywy, 
2 pers. s. subj. of hywS or hewd^ to live, w. 

HE MAY LIVE. Vewhe, veuche, mutations of 
bewhe and beuche, 3 pers. s. subj. of hewiy to live, 

LIVING, 9, (A living, a livelihood). Bewnans, bow- 

nas, w. 
TO LIVE WITH, V. Cesvowa, kesvowa, w. 
TO LIVE AGAIN, v. Gorthewy, p. 
LIVELIHOOD, s. Bewnans, bownas, w. 

LIVER, THE LIVER. «. Avy, w. ; avi, avey, p. ; 
aui, w. 

LIVING, ALIVE. Yn few, k.d. 1442; yn beu, p. 
Tnfew aban doisoryhaiy living when rising again, K.D. 

LIZARD, 9. Pedrevan, pedrevor, w. ; pedrerifE. p. ; 
pedresif, w. ; pedresiv, b. ; croinoc (?), p. See also 

LO ! At ! M. 599. At eve fast hy9 in top, lo ! it is quite 
up to the top, X. 599. For the other forms see BE- 

LOAD, r. Argha, p. 

LOAD or BURDEN, #. Be, ve, w. ; bedh, p. ; carg, 
w. ; karg, p. ; sam, saw, w. Ota saw hds war av kyn, 
see the load of food on my back, o.m. 1053. 

LOAE, 9. Torth, w. ; nugan, nogen, hogan, b. Borlase 
uses these words for pie-crust also. Hogan, is still 
in common use among miners for a dinner-cake ; also 
for a tinner's pasty ; also called fuggan, hohhin, and 
hohhan, B. 

B. Compare this word with the Cornish for '' pud- 
ding," q.v. 

LOATHING, 9. Bisne, bysne, p. 

LOATHSOME, adj. Mousegy, p. ; anhethek, m. 1853. 
Eynthe9ti claff anhethek, though thou wert a loath- 
some leper, m. 1853. 

TO BE LOATHSOME. Mousegy, w. 

LOBSTER, «. Leaast, gavar-mor, w. Borlase calls a 
polypus, legeeti, but legesti is also a plural for lob> 

LOBSTER or CRAB POT, 9, (A floating one). Weely, 


LOCK, 9, Flyran, hesp, w. ; sera, p. 

LOCK, 9, (A lock of hair). Cudin, p. 

LOCK, r. Sera, p. ; serra, b. ; alwedha, lyhwedha, w. \ 
lyhuetha, p. 

LOCKED, part. Alwethys, m. 3644. Oma alweihyi 
certeyn, here locked certainly, m. 8544. 

L0CU6T, *. Cafor. w. 

LODE, 9. (Of mine ore). Meine, b., a form of mhk, 
a stone. There is a word used, says Dr. Paris, £or 
the centre of a lode — ** In most veins (lodes) there is 

a central line or Assure formed by the close 

apposition and occasional union of two crystallized, 
or as they may be called drtuy surfaces.'* 

LODGE, TO LODGE AT AN INN, v. Ostia, w. 

LODGING, 9. (A place to live in). Cylden, kylden, 

LOFTY, adj. Huhel, euhel, w. ; euhell, p. ; uhel, w- ; 
uhal, p. ; ewhal, w. ; euhal, b. ; yuhal, uchel, w. , 
ughal. B. ; uhan, p. ; huch, ard, arth, earth, w. 

LOFTINESS, 9. Ucheldor, w. ; ughelder, b. ; uheldi?r, 
huhelder, w. ; huheldar, p. 

LOGGING, arfy. Logan, b. 

LOIN, 9. Tenewen, tanewhon, w. ; tameuhon, b* ; 
loin, w. 

LOINS, THE LOINS, #. Diuglun, lonath, efer {?), 
w. Diuglun is an example of the dual number. 
See also HANDS and FEET. 

LOITERER, s. Sevylliac, sevyllyak, w. ; sevyllyake, 
c.w. 458. 

LONDON, 9. Loundrez, w. 

LONELY, adj. Jowan, p. ; wisht, whisht, b. 

LONG, adj. Hir, hyr, w. ; here, heer, heere, p. 

LONG, FAR, adj. and adv. (Also as to time). PeU, 
pel, bell, w. ; bel, o.m. 467. Ha ny vynnys leit^a 
pel, and I would not hinder long, m. ^996. Abel 
pefeete mar bel, Abel, where hast thou been so long ? 
O.M. 467. 

LONG-BOAT, A LONG-BOAT, 9. Sc4th hlr, w.; 
skith hyr, p. . 

LONG-HOSE or STOCKINGS, 9. Tosanea, p. 

LONG-OYSTER, 9. Gavar mor, p. Also called 
segar (Eng.), perhaps from its resemblance in form 
to a cigar. 

Digitized byCnOOQlC 




LONG SINCE. Pel, pel dhan uma, poagan, p.; 
polta, c.w. 2403. Ny9yv na pel, it is not long since, 
M. 2220 ; sol a breys, p. 

LONG TIME, A LONG TIME. Hirenath, w. ; 
hyrenath, sol, p. 

LONGER, FARTHER, adj. PeUa, peUach. w. ; 
pellaf, p. ; fella, o.m. 1604. 

LONGING, A LONGING, #. Hireth, hyreth, w. 
Tma thy*mmo hyreth tyn, there is to me a sharp long- 
ing, R.D. 747 ; hirath, b. ; hyrathe, c.w. 590 ; herath, 

LONGITUDE, LENGTH,*. Hed, h^s, heys, hys, w. ; 
haz, p. 

LOOK, 8. (Aspect, view, appearance). Goloc, golok, 
woloc, tremyn, w. 

LOOK, 9. (The look, mien, visage). Miras, w. ; 
miraz, b. 

TO LOOK AT, V. Miras, w. ; miraz, b. ; myras, 
meras, w. ; viraz, viroz, p.; stU, the sul, k.d. 1833. 
Na nyl the wyth na the std, nothing to do nor to took 
at, B.D. 2250. 

TO LOOK FOR, v. Whelas, welas, w. ; wellas, p. ; 
whyles, whole, w. ; whela, p. ; whythre, w. 

TO LOOK OUT, V. Aspye, w. ; sul, the sul, p. 

TO LOOK UPON, V, Gwelas, w, ; guelaz, p. ; gweles, 
weles, w. ; wellas, gaella, p. 

LOOK, LOOK. (See, see). Mere, mere ; meir, meir, 
p. ; forms of wSr, 2 pers. s. imp. of miras, to look 
at, w. 

LOOK YE. Mira, b. ; meero, w. ; forms of mirotteh, 

2 pers, pi. imp. of miras, to look at, w. 

LOOKED. Miraz, viraz, veraz, b. 

HE LOOKED AT. Wetras, another form of w^AyMrM, 

3 pers. s. preter. of whythre ^ to look at (or for), w. 

LOOSE, ad)\ (Slack). Lausq, b. 

LOOSE, adj. (Remiss, lax). Lac, w. 

LOOSE or UNFASTEN, r. Louzall, p. ; sewillaf, b. 

LOOSE or SHELFY GROUND. Kivully, d. 

LORD, 8, Arlnidh, arludh, w. ; arlud, m. 142 ; arlnth, 

A LORD OVER A TRIBE. Arlywith, p. 

LORD OR SUPERIOR. Glyd, maer, mester, b. ; 
somot, p. 

LORDS, 8, Arlythy. k. 2278. Leferugh ov arlythy, 
say, my lordsy m. 2278; arlyzy, m. 172; aylydhy 
(? arlydhj), hryntyn, p. 

LORD-LIEUTENANT, s. Brodit, luder, w. ; lyder, 

LORD'S-PRAYER. Padar an Arluth, w. ; padar, p. 

LORDSHIP, s. (Dominion). Arthelath, p. ; vryano, 
M. 3959 ; wryens. m. 3963. Y vryans eff yv helma, 
his lordship is this, x. 3959. 

LORDSHIP, s. (A lordship). Arlott(«, w. ; pill, p. 

LOSE, V. Celly, kelly, gelly, celli. w. ; kelli, geli, ?. ; 
cylly, gylly, w. ; gjll, p. ; goll, b. ; colli, golli, ooUy, 
w. ; gollas, dho gollas, regoUi, rygolly, gols6, guise, p. 

HE LOST. Gollas, a mutation of coUas, 3 pers, s. 
preter. of «>%, to lose, w. 

WE LOST. Gylsen, a mutation of eylsen, I pers. pL 
preter. of cyUy, to lose, w. 

HE HAD LOST. Golse, a mutation of eoM, 3 pen. 
s. plup. of eoUy, to lose, w. 

THOU SHALT LOSE. Cylly, kylly, w. 

HE WILL LOSE. Ceyl, cyll, kyll, and the muta- 
tions geyl, gyll, 3 pers. s. fut. of eeUy and cyUy^ to 
lose, w. 

LOSS OR DAMAGE, #. Coll, goll, collet, w.; koUet, 
b. ; cellad, w. ; cas, gas, p. ; col, M. 479. OaUm the 
ool, to go to loss, M. 479. 

A LOSS. Veyns. p. 

LOST, part Cillis. cellys, w. ; kellys, b.d. 11; cyl- 
lys, kyllys, gillis, w. ; gilliz, b. ; gyllis, gellia, gellas, 
gallus, p. ; gollas, gulsie, gals^, galso, gyld, vez, b. 

LOSTWITHIEL, s. Lostuvthyel, o.m. 2400. 

LOT or CHANCE, s. Pren, predn. w. ; pran. p. 
Thin means a stick, hut pren, predn, or pran, is 
** because by sticks the Druids divined," w. 

LOT, «. (Condition). Bys, p.c. 3193. Athuguyn99 
by 8 neffre, Oh God ! happy my lot ever, p.c. 3193. 

LOT, #. (Quantity of anything). Tomals, w. Tht 
Cornish still use this word, pronouncing it tummaU, 
as ** tommals of meat," i.e., lots of meat. 

LOUD, adj. Huth, cuth, p. ; vth {uth), k.d. 2244. 
PHr vth cletoas an cry, very loud was heard the cry, 
B.I). 2244. 

LOUDLY, adv. Huthick, p. ; huthyk, b.d. 2304. 

LOUSE, «. Lewen, louen, luan, w. ; loyen, triiz, 
booey, kynak, b. I have often, when a boy, heard 
boo and booey used for louse. PL Loow, lou, w. 

LOUT, 8. Jannak, d. 

LOUSY, adj. I^stezius, w. ; myllusyon, m. 3805. 
Agis pennov myllusyon, your lousy heads, a. 3805. 

LUBBER, 8. Gossawk, n. 

LOVE, 8. Caren86, cerense, w. ; keren^e. karens, p ; 
cerenge, kerenge, w. The dreys rdk evn kerenge, thy 
feet, for true love, p c 483 ; carenge, caren^, w. ; 
karenga, p. ; gerense, w. Jfarow rdg the gerenti, 
dead for thy love, ok. 213« ; garensa, w. ; garenga, 
p. ; harenga, herense, w. 2y a kyl ow herensi, thou 
phalt lose my love, o.k. 242 ; k^r, ceer, kerd, carer, 
B. ; tregereth, w. ; dregereth, p. ; yeues, o.k. 2135. 
Hdg 61 ov yeuis pup prys, for all my love always, o.n. 

LOVE, V. Car6, w. ; chare, charer, p. ; cara, ▼. ; 
kara, cary, kerry. kyry, c4r, kear, caruyth, p. ; gw^, 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




gara, w. ; gary, gery, garthy, carse. garee, raae, p. 
ra86, p. Me an rtue, I him love, p. 

sen, garsen, w. 

(arsesta, garsesta, w. 

Carse, gars^, w. 

I SHALL or WILL LOVE. Caraf, garaf. w. 

THOU SHALT or WILT LOVE. Gerry, kerry, 
cyrry, kyrry, ceryth, geryth, w. 

HE SHALL or WILL LOVE. Car, gar, carvyth, w. 

WE SHALL or WILL LOVE. Ceryn, geryn. w. 

YE 8HAXL or WILL LOVE. Cyrreuch, kyrreuch, 

THOU MAYEST LOVE. Kyrry, kyry, kerry, k. 
HE MAY LOVE. Carro. carra, w. 

LOVEABLE, adf. Caradow, w. ; karadow, n. 74; 
garadow. c.w. 189 ; cuf, w. 

LOVEABLENESS, s. Caradevder, m. 1309, 8668. 

LOVED, part. Cerys, kerys, cyrys, kyrys, w. 

LOVING or AFFECTIONATE, adj. Cescer. serchog, 

LOVELY, adf. Hegar, from hedh and pare, easy to be 
loved, B. 

LOW, adf, Isal, w. ; isall, b. ; usal, p. ; esal. isel, w. ; 
yssel, ysel, p. fFar pen the thewglyn ysel^ low on thy 
two knees, p.c. 136; iza, p.; is, jack, b. ; down, 
town, w. ; doun, vown, p. 


LOW WATER. Bas dhour, p. 

LOWER, adj. Isala, isa, iza. w. ; izala, gullo. gollas, 
p. ; gullas, B. Ghual gullan, the lower field, b. ; 
wolla, woUas, lour, p. 

LOWER, V Basse, bashe, w. 

TO LOWER DOWN, v. Cyldene, w. 


meggann, b. 
LOWEST, adj, Isella, w. ; ceriss, keriss, b. 

woles, golas, wolas, w. ; golaz, b. ; gollas, p. ; isel- 
dor, w. 

LOWLIEST, adj. (Moat humble). Isella, w. 

LOWLY, adj. Deboner, dyboner, w. ; dybour (? dy- 
bonr). B. ; huvel, evall, isel, ysel, w. ; izal, iza, p. 

LOWNESS, s. Yseldar, c.w. 447 ; iseldor, w. 

LOYAL, adj. Laian, leal, b. ; leel, c.w. 893 ; Itt, p. ; 
leyn, c.w. 2496. 

LOYALLY, adv. Lell, m. 392 ; l^n, m. 824. 

whanz, p. ; hwans, w. ; gTe« 

Gyttrens, o.m. 

LOYALTY, s. Laute, loute, leute. leaute, lewte, w. ; 
lowta, c.w. 267 ; lendury, m. 8490. Me a ra gam 
Undury, I will with loyalty, m. 3490. 

LUCID, adj. Splan. spludn, w. ; spl^n, p. 

LUKEWARM, adj. Tabm. See HEATED. 

LUMP, 8. P^th, peyth, pte, b. ; lam, p. 

A LUMP OF CLAY or EARTH. Clob, d. 

LUNATIC, 9. Badus, w. 

LUNCHEON, 9 Croust, kroust, p. ; cHist, crowst, 
w. ; crwst, b. ; tam, tabm, p. These words are still 
used in Cornwall. They call a bit of bread and bat- 
ter, a tam or tahm. 

LUNGS, THE LUNGS, s. Scevens, skephens, sceu- 

ens, w. ; broden, b. 
LURDANE, A LURDANE, 9. Loiden, w. 
LURK, V. Gouea, p. 

LURKING-PLACE, 9. (For wild beasts). Pow, w. ; 
fou, b. 

LUST, 8. Whans, w, 
nar, guenar, p. 

LUSTY, adj. Stric, strik. b. 

LUTES, 9. (The musical instruments). 

LYING, ad)\ Gowec, gouhoc, gauhoc, guac, g6c, gow, 
w. ; fykyl. Fikyl iavarou, lying woids, b. 

LYING, 9. (A telling of lies). Gowegneth, gouegn^th, 
gouegueth, p. 

LYNX, 9. Hachs, bleit hahchs, bleit hachs, i.e., a 
cruel wolf, p ; hanehi, hanchi, kymmisk-bleid, i.e., 
a spotted beast, b. 


" This letter, sounded as in English, is a mutable radi- 
cal initial in the six Celtic dialects, and changes into 
mh or V. Thus in Cornish, mam, a mother ; y vam, 
his mother. The changes into mh in Irisli and Gaelic, 
are pronounced as r," w. Lex Com. Brit. 

MACKEREL, A MACKEREL, e. Brethil. brethalj 
brithel. brethyl, breithU. M. Brilli, brithelli, w. 
The Cornish still call a mackerel, breal, hreel. 

MAD, adj. Mus, muscoc, w. ; muscok, muskegvi, p. ; 
muskegy, k.d. 1466 ; mustok, p. ; mescat, w.; meskat, 
B. ; conerioc, w. ; koneriok, b. ; conerive, p. ; gur- 
bulloc, B. ; gurbuUog, w. ; fol, m. 3210. Pan veua 
fol ha garoVy though he be mad and rough, m. 3210 ; 
wod, B.D. 644. Kynfo an harlot mar w6d, though 
the rogue be ever s omad, b.d. 544. 

MADAM, 9. Bednuaaz, for benen-vaz, b. 

MADDER, 9. (The plant). Madere, w. 

MADEFY or MOISTEN, r. Glibbie, glybye, w.; 
glibie, p. 

Digitized by 


f ■'! 





MaDK known. Gothfethys, p. 

MADK READY. Kerghys, b. 

MADMAN, «. BaduB, w. 

MADNESS, #. MeMiatter, muscochneth, w. ; musrogh- 
neth, K. ; muscokmth, b.d. 1127; mustoghneth. p.; 
discorunnait. w. ; diBcorvanait, diskians, buanegez, 
B. ; Conner, eonnor, p. 

MAGIC, #. Pystry, pystic, pyatyk, w. ; hiis, m. 
3.576 Der the ingynnyi hath hUs, through thy 
engineft and thy magic, x. 8376. 

MAGICIAN, », Pystryor, pystryour, w. ; huder, 
hudol, nu<lul, B. 

MAGISTRATE, «. Gueehevin, guashevyn, gues- 

keuyn, b. 
MAGNIFICENT, adj\ Alourohrur, brisoberys, w. 
MAGNITUDE, «. Myns, mens, w. 
MAGPIE, 8, Berthuan, b. 

MAID or GIRL, s, Mos, m6z, w. ; moaz, maoz, 
mauz, mowea, myrgh, moid, p. ; moren, moroin, w. ; 
morain« p. ; voren, w. ; voran, p. PI. Muey, w. ; 
mowyssye, c.w. 1465; mozi, muzi, b. ; mowysy, k. 

M6z, an voze, voos, c.w. 1390 ; mayteth, maythys, 
maithee, p. ; maithez, b. ; mounz, b. PI. Muzy, p. ; 
muzi, mozi, b. 


MAIMED, adj. Evredhec, effredh. w. ; efrethek, m ; 

540 ; mans, M. 695 ; moign, b. 
MAIN, THE MAIN, s. (Sea). Mor difeid, p. 
MAJESTY, «. Braster, broster, w. 
MAKE, V, Formye, obery, w. ; huarfo, nova, p. 

MAKE or DO, v. Gil, cil il, w. ; geil, p. ; gM, 
ciil, k61, will, gwil, w. ; guil, b. ; hwil, w. ; huil. 
B. ; gweyl, gwyll, whM. w. ; dho gurel, b. ; gwrey, 
w. ; gurei, gurey, p. ; gura, ara, b. ; gwrelle, w. ; 
gureUe, whrylly^ p. ; gruge, crug6, krug^, gwruge, 
gwrege, gwethe, gwethyl, wethyl, w. ; wathyll, 
wythyl, p. ; wythell. c.w. 2310 ; guthyl, cuthyl, 
wutbyl, w. ; wuthell, b ; gurythyl, P. ; gnithyl, 
gwruthyl, wruthyl, w. ; era, crof, p. Cra is yura 
abbreviated, p. 

MADE or DONE. Gwrys, gurys, wrys, gwreys, 
wreys, w. ; r(ig, ryg, ar6g, p. See also TO DO. 

THOU MADEST or DIDST. Grussys, 2 pers. s. 
preter. of gu>rey, to make or do, w. 

HE MADE or DID. Wriig, rAg, t&c, ruk, 8 pers. s. 
pret, of gwrey, to make or do, w. 

THET MADE or DTD. Gwmssons, gmssons, 
wiussons, w. ; wressons, wryssens, p. 

YE MADE or DID. Gnissoueh, 2 pers. pi. preter. 
of gtoreyj to make or do. w, 

WE HAD MADE or DONE. Grassyn, 1 pers. pi. 
pluperf . of gwrey f to make or do, w. 

THOU DIDST MAKE. Oriist^, criiste. CriUU\Mt 
mutation of grUati, compounded of grUat, the 2 pers. 
s. pret. of gwrey, and te^ thon, w. 

MAKE YE. (jwreuch, greuch, grew, w. 

LET US MAKE. Gero in guU, p. 

MAKE HASTE. Festyn, ffystyn, ffystyne, b. 

Lymery, p. 

TO MAKE ANGRY, TO ANGER, r. Provycha, b. 

TO MAKE BETTER, v. Gwella, w. ; gnelk, ewna, 

owna, ouna, p. 
TO MAKE BLIND, »• Dalla, w. ; dallu, ». 
TO MAKE BROAD, 9. Leag, w. 
TO MAKE CLEAN, v. Ystynny, p. 

TO MAKE CROOKED, v. Camma, gamma, w.; 

cabmy, p. 
TO MAKE EXCUSE, v. Cavanscase, w.; kaoi- 

souse, p. ^ 

TO MAKE A FACE. v. Facye, w. 
TO MAKE FALSE, v, Gova, gowea, w. ; gonaa, b. 
TO MAKE FAST, r. Fasty*, fastc, w. 

latha, dho kysalatha, w. 

TO MAKE GLAD, v. Lowenhe, lowenny, dydhani, 
dhydhane, w. 

TO MAKE GREATER, v. Mochah6, w. 

TO MAKE HASTE, #. Fysteny, fystynny, festynna, 

w. ; dho festinna, p. 
TO MAKE HIGH, v. Uchelle, uheUe, ychellat, w. 
TO MAKE A HOLE, v. TuUa, b. 

TO MAKE HOT, v. Tumma, tomma, p.; tabma, 
tubmy, B. 

TO MAKE KNOWN, r. Daryvas, dha^yva^ dyryns, 
dascudhe, dyscudhfe, dyswedhy, d^uedha, dyswedba, 
dysquedhas, desmygy, dysmegy, notye, w. 

TO MAKE LESS, v. Lehe, leyhe, leyhy, lyha, lyhy, 

TO MAKE MOIST, v. GHbbie, w. ; gHbie, p. ; gjy- 
bye, w. They still use the words glihhy and Mhy^ 
for anything wet, or moist and sticky. 

TO MAKE A NEST, v. Nyethy, w. 
TO MAKE A NET, v. Lreedy, p. This is stOl a 
common word among fishermen. 

TO MAKE A NOISE, «. Kanvas, b. 
TO MAKE ONE'S SELF, r. OmwreUe, omimf, 
ymwrey, ymwryl, w. 

TO MAKE PEACE, r. HWhy, w, 

TO Make PLAINT, v. PlAnty^, w. ; pleyiity<b »• 

TO MAKE READY, r. Darbary, pamay, w. 

TO MAKE RIGHT, v. Ewn^ ewma^, w. ; easa, B. 

Digitized by 





TO MAKE SMALLER, t. Leh6. leyW, leyhy, lyhy, 
lyha, w. 

TO MAKE A SMELL, r. Gwell bremmyn, biAs 
dyllo, w. 

TO MAKE A BAD SMELL, t. Flerye, fleyry^, w. 

TO MAKE STRAIGHT, v, Ewn^, ewnn^, w. ; 
eona, f. 

TO MAKE (ot PAY) TITHE, v. Degevy, p. 

TO MAKE UGLY, v. Hagry, w. 

TO MAKE USE OF, v. Wyny, p. 

troaza, b. 

TO MAKE WELL or WHOLE, v, lachc, w. 

To MAKE WHITE, v, Gwynna, w. 

TO MAKE WORSE, v. Gwaythy, w. ; gwayth^, 
B. ; gweth^, w. ; gnethe, p. The Terbal form is 
Jetky, w. 

TO MAKE WRY, v. Gamma, gamma, omgamma, 

ir^iKBR or CONTRIVER, 9. Formyer, formyas, p. ; 
gwrear, wrear, w. ; gylwyr, b. 

Malady, #. Cleyes, clevas, w ; Uevas, b. ; klevaz, 
clewet, p. ; clevel» cluyan, w. 

MALE, A MALE, 9, (Man). Oour, giir, gdr, mib, 
m4p, w. Itdp lym, a clergy-man, w. 

MALE, MALE-KIND, 9. Gnrriw, w. ; gurow, go- 
rawe, gorryth, gurriud, uraid, ti nraid, p, 

MALES, 8. Gorow, o.m. 1022; gorrow, c.w. 2371. 
Garow ha benow, males and females, ox. 1022; 
mebion, mebbion, meyb, mybyon, w. 

MALE, adj. Gour. 01 ow tiU gour ha henm, all my 
people male and female, p.c. 768. 

MALE CHILD, 9. Mdb. PI, Mebion, mebbion, 
meyb, mybyon, w. 

MALEFACTOR, 9. Dr6goberor, diAchoberor, w. 

MALEDICTION, 9. Molleth, moUoth, moUatb, w. ; 
molatb, p. PL Mollethow, mollothow, moUatbow, 
w. ; molathow, P. 

MALICE, 9. Avey, ayy, ani, p.; belyny, velyny, 
vylyny, w. 

MALICIOUS, adj. Drdgbrederys, w. ; pedn-dr&g, p. 

MALLARD or DRAKE, s, Kiliagaws, w. ; kuUiages, 
p. ; koUiagbaz, kaliagas, b. 

MALLET, 9. Malon, morthol, morben, w. Qam 
morbm him ^fM^yiy, with a miallet a terrible blow, 
O.M. 2704. 

MALT, *. Bitg, w. ; TiiUj, b. 

MALT.DU8T,#. 8kylbiAg,p. 

MALT-LIQUOR,*. Brihi, b. 

MALT-LIQUOR <a DRINK, 9. Diautvifti, b. 

MAN, 4. D^, dhto, dean, w. ; deen, dien, dyn, teen, b.; 
thean, c.w. 2121 ; tyn, diis, t(is, b. ; gfbr, w. ; guyp, 
B- ; g^r> g«^. ▼our, w. ; gerut, p. ; gurraid, b. ; 
gorryth, k.d. 420 ; mib. w. Nysun gorryth na henm, 
there is no man or woman, b.d. 420. See MEN. 

A FAMOUS MAN. Gerut da. p. 

A GREAT MAN. D*n bris, w. 

A CHILDLESS MAN. Gale, n. (impotent). 

THE MAN OF THE HOUSE. Worty, p. ; guyp 
an chy, b. 

AN HONEST MAN. Dremas, m. 1103 ; dremays, u. 
1112. Drenuu h^th war pythyUy^ honest man be 
wary where thou mayest go, m. IIOS. 

A JUST MAN. Ciinhinsik, b. 

A MARRIED MAN. Giir priot, w. 

AN OLD MAN. D^n cdth, b. 

A POOR MAN. Bochodoc, bohodzak, p. 

A RICH MAN. Pwludoc, p. 

A TRUE MAN. Guerjrion, p. ; guirion, b. 

A TRUTHFUL MAN. Guirla veriat, p. 

TRUE MEN. Gwyryon, k. 

A WORTHY MAN. Thermas, m. 3043. A thsnmu 
cry war the gam, oh worthy man, cry on thy way, x. 


A MAN'S YARD. {Pmi9). Gwelen, gwelan, w. ; 
guelan, p. 

A YOUNG MAN. D6n tunc, w. ; d*n junk, p. ; d«n 
yynk, w. 

MANCIPLE. 9. Menistror, w. 

MANE, 9, R^n. ESn verh, a horse's mane, w. 

MANIFEST, EVIDENT, adj. Dilus, b, ; uredy, p. 

MANHOOD, 9. Denses, densys, w. 

MANKIND, 9. M&p d^n. Mdp din my re wruk prenni, 
mankind I have redeemed, r.d. 2622. 

MANNER, *, (Occasion, sort). Tro, w. 

MANNER, «. (Semblance, form)^ Del, w. Yn^del- 
ma, in this manner, w. ; cdr, kor, b. War nep edr^ 
in any manner ; fest, wos, wose, p. 

IN WHAT MANNER. Pattel patel, patla, fattal, 
fatel, fatla, fatl, fettyl, fetyl, fettel, p. 

IN SUCH A MANNER. CeteUa, keteUa, kettermen, 
cettermyn, ceverys. keverys, kevrys, cefrys, p. 

IN THE MANNER THAT. Cetel, kettel, kettyl, w. 
IN THE SAME MANNER. Cepar, kepar, w. 
IN THIS MANNER. Cetelma, ketehna, w. 

ma), w. 
IN THAT SAME MANNER. Yn ketella {kSth^del^na), 

Digitized by 






IN THAT MANNER. Del, della, an deUa, andellan, 
yn della {del-na), p. 

IN LIKE MANNER. Awedh, yn wedh, w. ; parthy, 

IN WHICH MANNER. Fatel {pa^l), w. 

MANNERS, BEHAVIOUR, s, Arweddiad, b 

MANOR. A MANOR, s, Arlottes, w. ; gweal, gwW. 
gueal, t^r (terra, Lat.). b. ; pil, p. 

MANOR-HOUSE, *. Llys, b. 

MAN-SERVANT, s. Kaith, b. 

MANSION, $. P148, ostel, w. Ea d7eh$vel thy'm ostel, 
and build myself a mansion, o.m. 1710. 

MANSLAUGHTER, «. Calanedh, w. ; kalanedh, p. ; 
d^n lidh, d^nladh, w. ; 14thd^n, latba, p. 

Maintain, v. (Support, uphold). Succra, C.W. 
1949 ; venteyne, p. ; vayntaynya, c.w. 1950. 

MANTLE, s. Mantel, w. 

A WOMAN'S MANTLE. Ulair, w. 

liver, cowaitkliver, w. ; kouaith-liyer, b. ; stollof, p. ; 
manule, w. 

MANURE, s, Teil, w. ; tyle, w. ; cAc, cauch, can, 
cauh, gau, w. 

MANY. Luas, lues, w. ; luyes, m. 4401 ; leas, lias, 
w. Tn lias 14, in many places ; lyys, ly^ lyv, liaz, 
w. ; lius, M. 397 ; luhas, luhes, w. ; lower, b. Lower 
Uj many places, b. ; fire, p, Nangew fire hy a$ hlet- 
han, not these many years past, p. ; meur. m&r, maur, 
mear, m^r, w. ; menough, minough, b. ; roorhaus, p. 

AS MANY. Maga lias, w. 

MANY A ONE. Lias onon, w. ; liaz onon, p. 

AS MANY AS. Suel, sAl, w. 

80 MANY^AS. PezeaUa w. 

MANY TIMES. Lias termeo, w. ; liaz tei-myn, b. ; 
Ij^s trefeth, p. ; manno, b. ; menouch, minouch, w. ; 
menough, minough, mennough, p. 

MARCH, s. (The month). Merh, Meurz, b. Lide, n. 

MARCH MOOTH. Mis Merh, p. ; Mis Meurz, b. 
Mt% Merh. Lit. The horse month ** when the Oauls 
began to set forth with horses to war," p. 

MARE, ft. Casec, casac. w. ; kasak, kazak, kasseg, p. ; 
casak, c.w. 406 ; cazak, p. ; cossec, cazau, b. ; gasac, 
w. PI. Cassiggy, p. 

MARGIN, #. Mein, min, urrian, yrhian, w. 

MARINER. 8. mn mor, w. 

MARINERS, 8. Mamers, m. 587. 

MARITIME, adj. Morec, w. 

MARK. 8. (As of a hurt. &c.) Goly, w. ; golu, b. ; 
61, ool, nod, n6s, noz, w. 

MARKS, 8. (Traces). Goleow, p. ; goleou, b. ; goly, 
oleow, owleow, p, ; owleou, b. 

FRESH MAKKS. Goleon pals, b. 

MARK or BRAND, *. Arwydd, b. 

MARK, 8. (Note, dignity). Aynfts, p. 

MARKET, 8. Marchas, w. ; marghas, p. ; maihas, 
w. ; marhaz, b. ; maraz, p. Tn eky dev mar 8ue8 
marghae, if there is a market in God's house, p.c. 
316 ; yarhas, varha, w. PI. Marchasow, marhasow, 
w. ; marhasion. Hence most prohahly the name of 
present town, m. : Marazion. 

MARKET-HOUSE, 8, Tshy-marhazno, b. 

MARKET-PLACE, «. Telhar marhas, w. ; telhar 
marhaz, b. 

MARKET-JEW. «. (Marazion). Varha Dzhou, w. 

MARIGOLD, 8. L^sengoc, w. 

MARRIAGE, «. Dimedha, b. ; maiyach, m. Zn. 

MARRIED, adj. Priot, w. 

MARRIED PERSON. Cespar, w. ; chaspar, kaspar, 

MARRY, V. Demidhy, dimedha, w. ; dimedho, ?. ; 
demytho, b. ; domethy, v. 827. 

MARROW, 8. Muydion, b. ; mam^ w. 

MARS, $. (The heathen god of war). Merh. 

MARSH, 8. Winnick, why nick, p. ; tir deyrak, w. ; 
devrak, p. 


MARSHES, 8. Hellov (Jiellou), m. 3411. War geyn 
fnargh mS8 an hellov, on a horse's back out of <lke 
marahes, x 3411. 

MARSH IRIS, 8. (Plant). Layer, leader, n. 

MAlt^HY, adj. Gwemic. w ; guemick, p ; gwinic, 
winnic, w. ; winny, p. ; helek, b. Jlelek from kil a 

MARSHY LAND. Tir devrak, b. 

MART or FAIR, .3, F^r, w. ; feur, b. 

MARTYR, r. Merthurye, rertburye, w. 

MARVEL, 8. Marth, marthus, varth, varthus, w. 

MARVELS, 8. Marogyan, c.w. 1874; marodgyan, 
c.w. 1804; marudgyan, c.w. 17H.5. See WONDERS. 

MARVELLOUS, adj. Marthusec, varthusec, marthys, 
varthys, w. ; martiiusy, p. ; meithusy, b. ; marthas, P. 

MARY. «, Maria, Varia, Faria, w. ; Marya, m. 154; 
Varya, m. 62. 

BY ST. MARY ! Re-Faria, Refaria, Re-Varia. Re- 
varia, w. 

MASON, 8. MysterdAn. PI. Mysterdys, p. 

MASS, A MASS or LUMP, 8. P^th, peyth, p^«, w. 

MASS or MORSEL, 8. Suben, w. It was also used 
as the name of a kind of pudding. 

Digitized by 





1CA8S, 8. (In the church service). Oferen, w. ; 
oflren, b. ; offeren, m. 4419. Y leferyt oferenj he 
said mass, m. 4419. 

MAST, #. (Of a ship). Ghiem, gwem, vem, w. 

1ffA8TER« 8. Maister, master, vaster, w. PI. 
Mestresj-, k. 3313 ; mestrygy, mestrigi. v. ; mes- 
tiizi, p. Mov tnestreijf dr Umyhy how, masters, is 
there a sap? K. 3313. 

Penteila, w. ; pennoa-ties, b. 

MASTER, MASTER OF A SHIP. «. Leuuit, w. ; 
leaiut, leuyidh, b. ; lewjidh, w. ; leaiader, p. 

MASTERY, POWER, #. Mestry, maystry, meystry, 
w. , maistry, maistrizi, p. ; vestry, b. 

MASTIFF, «. Meslan, w.; giiilter, brath, brathky, 
bratchy, b. ; brathye, brakgye, b. 

MAT, «. Strail, p. PI. Strail elestr, b. 

MATE or COMPANION, s, Cothman, cydhman, 

w. ; kydhman, b. 
MATE or FELLOW, $ Kyvadhas, kyuedh, b. 
MATCH or EQUAL, s. P4r, w. 
MATCHLESS, adj, Hepparow, hepparou. hepar, b. 


Brys, w. 
MATRIX, 9. ( Vulvay Lat.) Ceber, w. 
MATRON, *. Benen-vat, b. 

MATTER, *. Defnydh, w. (The word means as to 
use of a thing.) War Cedron ow cowedhS yma prSn 
da, ha hen yw emnhmunysj rdk ny alias dSn yn heyi 
anodho yUl defnydh ud^^ on Eedron there is lying a 
good tree, and this is accursed, for no man in the 
world has Deen able to make a good use (or matter) 
of it, P.c. 2548 (w. as quoted). 


Boches, bohes, bochod, w. 

p. ; wyras, P.c. 2975. 
MATTOCK, s. Pigol, pdl, w. ; paal, b. ; b41, fil, w. ; 

visiry, visgie, visgay, d. 
MATTRASS, X. (Of straw). Cala gueli, w. ; kala 

gueli, p. 
MATURE or RIPE, adj. Ao, w. 
MAUL or HAMMER, s. Morthol, morben, w. 
MAUNDAY THURSDAY. Deyow hablys, dnyow 

hamlos, w. 
MAW, i. G14s, w. ; glayis, b. An jawl reHh eumo 

Wy gldfi, the devU may adjust thee to his maw, o.x. 

MAY, 9. VLL MU m, w. Mh Mi, p. ; the month 

of May, ♦.«., ** the flowing month, p." 
MAY. YU, yl. YU gweUas, may see, b. 

WE MAY. Hellyn, a mutation of geUyn, 1 pers. pi. 
subj. of gaJly, to be able, may or can, w. 

I MAY or CAN. HyUyf, b. 

IT MAY or CAN. K6r, p, 

IF HE CAN. Mara k6r, p. 

ME, pron. Me, mi, my, ma, ve, w. ; vee, c.w. 82 ; 
vi, w. ; vy, k. ; am, fe, p. Ma is a form which occurs 
only in composition. 

LET ME. Gasvy, w. 

AT ME. Hanaf, p. 

BEFORE ME. Uagof, ragoff, w. 

BY ME. Dred hev, b ; drethof, k. ; dresof, genef, 
w. ; r6m, r6m, p. 

FOR ME. Ragof, ragoff, w. ; thymmo, b. ; thymo, 
c w. 1035. 

FROM ME. Ahan6, ahanaf, deworthyf, dyworthyf, 
dheworthjrf, deworthef, w. ; dhortum, b. ; ragof, 
ragoff. w. 

IN ME. Ynnof, yn-mi, w. 

OF ME. Ahane, w. ; hanaf, p. ; ow, vi, evi, b. ; evy, 
w. Ow map evy, my son mine ; the orthoff vy, m. 
2577 ; orthav ve, c.w. 1430. 

ON or UPON ME. Wamaf, c.w. 1530. 

TO ME. Thym, w. ; tym, c.w. 2412; them, thum, 
thebm, thymmo, p. ; thymo, c.w. 844 ; thema, c.w, 
80 1 ; thymmo vi, p. ; thymmo vy, k. ; dhym, p. ; 
dym, dheym, dem. w. ; dhem, p, ; debm. b. ; dhebm, 
dhymmo, dhov, dhovi, p. ; thyso, dyso, ». ; worthyf, 
ortiiyf, w. ; vi, si, sy, b. 8y gUwyough, hearken ye 
to me, B. ; aga, p. ; a'm, w. 

WITH ME. Oenef, ghenev, genaf, gene, gyne, gen- 
efvy, gynefy, genama, p. Genama is a poetic form of 

MEAD or MKTHEOLIN, «. M^dh, w. ; medd, med- 
hu, B. ; medu, meddou, w. ; bregaud, bragot, brakat, 

MEADOW, s. Pr&s, budin, bidin, bidhin, bidhen, w. ; 
beidhen, bithen, b. ; vidn, vethan, vythyn, t6n, 
t6dn, w. ; ros, guain, uain, ludin, meddou, b. ; med- 
dan, p. 

MEADOWY, adj\ Prathec, pratheck, w. 

MEADOW-SAFFRON, «. Qoitcftnin, w. ; goitkenin, 
B. ; goickennin, p. 

MEAL or FLOUR, «. Bl^s, bl6z, bl6t, p. ; huigan, 
guthot, B. 

MEAL, A MEAL, s. Prys, pr^s, preys, pres-buz, 
w. ; biner, byner, p. 

MEAL-TIME, «. Prys, pr^s, preys, pres, prez, w,; 
prez-buz, b. 

MEALS, «. Preggyov (preggyou), k. 1972. A veth av 
bdi thUm preggyov f and my food for my meals, k. 

Digitized by 





MEAN, r. Yfle, p. 

ME AN, adj. Hogen, w. ; hogan, p. ; los, w. 

MEAN or MEANS, s. Mayn {mem), w. ; mayn 
{mean8)f b. Mat/n ave guris, means were found out, 


MEAN PERSON. (iWi»B, giias, w. ; guaz, b. 
MEAN FELLOWS. Gwcsion, gwesyon, wesyon, w. 
MEANS, BY MY MEANS. Dresof, p. 

MEANS, BY WHAT MEANS, HOW, Pattel, patla, 

fattel. fatla, w. 
MEANING, #. Daiyvas, b. 
MEANWHILE. Hedre, heddre, p. 
MKASLES, «. Poccys minis, w. 
MEASURE, r. Musure, vusure, w. 

MEASURE, 8. (For measuring with). Scanntlyn, w. 
From the Old English tcanteloun, a carpenter's 

tkue tJ.e gur, it will not come to measure, p.c. 2730 ; 
fest, B. Fest cre88, abundant measure, b. 

MEAT or FOOD, 8. Buit, w. ; buyd, ?. ; boys, bos, 
b{i8, buz, boos, w. ; boz, p. ; ferclin, crig, saut, sant, 


A SCRAP OF MEAT or FLESH, Slam, Pcram, n. 

MEAT-SPIT or FLESH-SPIT, «. Kigr^r, w. 

MEDDLE, TO MEDDLE WITH, v. Mellya, w. 

MEDICINE, 8. Medhecnaid, mydhygyeth, w. 

MEDITATE, v, Piedery, w. ; prediri, prederi, p. ; pre- 
dyry, prydery, prydyry, w. ; thugy, p. 

MEDIUM. «. Mayn,w. See also MEAN and MEANS. 

MEEK, 0(0'. Deboner, dyboner, w. ; triwardhec, tri- 
audhek, p. ; triuadhek, b. 

MEET, V. Dyerbyne, dyerbin. dhyerbin, dierbyn, w. ; 
metye, vetye, b. 

MEET or PROPER, adj, Ewn, ewen, w. ; eun, ew- 
hiosic, p. ; pAr, w. 

MELANCHOLY, DISMAL, SAD, adj\ Morethek, b. 
Wisht, whisht, n. 

ME 1X0 W or RIPE, adj. Arvez, w. 


Tedha, w. 
MEMBKR, 8, (Of the body). Esel, w. Fl. Esely, 

esyly, ysyly, ysaili, w ; yshili, b. 

MEM BRaNE, 8. Vellum, ©. A person who is suffer- 
ing from rupture (himia), or from hydrocele, is said 
to be vellumAyrokeD., 

MEMORY. 8. Cof, c6v, w. ; ciif, co, covath, p. 

MEMORIAL, 8. Acheson, p. 

MEN, 8. Dees, w. ; tees, tiz, b. ; tAs, b. ; d^s, w. ; 
dues, c.w. 1067 ; tus, tues, w. ; d^ns, p. ; denes, 
denses, w. ; dyn, b. ; dynion, w. 

SICK MEN. Dynion devion, w. 

WICKED MEN. Scherewys, d. 

TRUE MEN. Gueryon, n. 

.MEND, V. (To improve, to get better). Gwella, w. ; 

guella, b. ; palch, p. The Cornish often say of a 

person who has improved a little in health that he 

has been ** palched up." 
MEND or REPAIR, v, Beety, d. This word is only 

used in the mending of a net. To make a net they 

say, breedy, 
MEND ONE'S SELF, v, Ymamendye, w. 
MENDER or PATCHER. «. (Of clothes). Seufad, 


MENEAGE, 8. (In Cornwall). Menek, m. 2^67. 

MENIaL, adj, Labbut, n. 

MERCHANT,*. Gwiccor, gwicor, gwiceur, gwicur, 
w. ; gwicher, p. ; gwicgiir, guicgur, w. ; guikyr, i. ; 
gwecor, wecor, goccor, w, 

MERCHANDISE, 8. Gwara, waroe, w. ; warol, b.; 
ferna, p. 

MERCIFUL, adj. Triwardhec, triaudhek, p. ; trucar- 
aue, tevas, b. 

MERCILESS, adj, Dibitti, p. 

MERCURY, 8. (The planet). Marhar, w. 

MERCY, 8. K^n, c.w. 886. Tulla tha hrya8 heh hi^ 
deceive thy spouse without mercy, c.w. 886 ; trege- 
reth, dregereth, w. Luen tregereth me a pg8f abundant 
mercy I pray, r.d. 1148 ; trugarez, b. ; trueth, tre- 
weth, triwath, trumjth, p.; trumeth, w. iVy«» 
trumeth vyth thy'nny, there is not any mercy for us, 
OM. 1650. 

MERE, adj. Menas. Ilenae belyny, mere reproach, 


MERIT, V, Rethy, p. 

MERIT, 8. Reth, p. 

MERMAID, *. Morvoron, morvoren, vorvoron, vo^ 
voren, w. DSn yv hanter morvoron^ human is half 
the mermaid, p.c. 1742 ; moruerches, b. 

MERRILY, adv. Lowan, b. 

MORE MERRILY. Lowene, w. 

Lit, B. 

MERRY^ adj. Lowen, louan lawen, b. ; leunik, leu- 
nek, p. ; leuenik, louenak, lauenik, lowenic, lawenic, 
lewenic, lawennek, b ; lowenec, lowenek, loan, 
sceans, w. ; skeans, p, 

MESH, 8. (?). A broken meeh in a net. Sbong, b.v. 
Large meehes in a trammel net. Capis, b.y. 

MESS, 8. Caugh, cauch, d. (See m. 3255 ; caugyan). 
A mess of ill made liquid food is called a lauehy ioed 
or loach. These are still commonly used in ComwalL 

A MESS OF FOOD. (Solid food). Scub-maw, ». 

Digitized by 


jl mess of meat. 



A MESS OF MEA.T. Lommen, ▼. 

A DIETY MESS. Slotter, d. 

MESSAGE, s. Neges, negys, negis, w. ; nagys, nygys, 
thanwell, p. ; danvonad, w. See COMMAND or 
COMMANDMENT, for other forms of danvonad. 

MESSENGER, 9. Cannas, w. Pan danfenyi th$ cati- 
nas, since thon has sent thy messenger, O.K. 1670 ; 
gannas, x. 1433. Gam an ff annas f with the messen- 
ger. M. 1433 ; maseger, x. 1378 ; messeger, p.c 1956 ; 
messyger, p. 

MESSENGEBS, $. Canasow, b. ; cannasow, w. ; can- 
basowe, c.w. 29 ; canhagowe, c.w. 66. 

MES.SEK or MESS-MAKER, *. Caughyan, m. 3255. 
A^an mav plosek caughyan, our hoy, dirty mess-maker, 
¥. 3265. 

METAL, $. Muyn, m6n, m{in. b, 



MEW, SEA MEW, COB or GULL, «. Seithor, zet- 

har, w 
^FETHUSELAH, «. Vantusale, 1435. 
MICHAEL, «. Mihal. w. 
MID-DAY, ». Hanter dydh, w. ; hanter d^th, p. 

MID or MIDDLE, adj, Hanter, b. Eyns avorow han- 
ter dSlhf before to morrow mid-day, p.c. 722. 

MIDDLE, THE MIDDLE. «. Cr^s, w. ; kr^s, v. ; 
cr^z, kr^z, b. ; creis, creiz, p. ; creys, greys, crM, 
m^sc, m^k, my so, mysk, w. ; misk, hyll, p. 

IN THE MIDDLE. Yn m^sc, w. ; yn m^sk, jn mysk, 
p. ; ynmes, b. ; aherveth, m. 284. Bdn ardk rdn 
aberveth, part hefore. part in the middle, m. 284. 

MIDDLE-FINGER, *. Ber-krez, b. 

MIDNIGHT, 8. Hantemos, antem6s, p. 

f>ame words are used as for MIDDLE, q.v, Yn orSs 
a^n ehron avan, in the midst of the sky above, cm. 
38. Semeugh ef yn agan my%k, hold him in our 
midst, p.c. 1374. In hrU an dre, in the midst of the 
town, K. 

MIDSUMMER, s. Goluan, b. That is, the time of 
lights or bonfires. 

MIDWIFE, «. Benen glyvedhaz, w. ; bennen glyved- 
hez, p. ; glavethas, lavethas, b. 

MIDWIFERY, «. Glyvedhas. w. Perhaps a muta- 
tion of clyvedhas, 

MIEN, $. Miras, miraz, p. 

MIGHT, POWER, STRENGTH. *. Galloe, gaUas, 
galloys, nell, nel, nerth, w. ; nerh, nerg, b. Jfaftfr y 
nel, great his might, m. 3993. 

MIGHT, COULD, WOULD. Hylly, ylly, caUo, call^, 
B. ; teth, P. 

THAT HE MIGHT BE. May $fUth ho, p. 

I MIGHT. Galsen, w. 

THOU MIGHTEST. Galsest, galsesta, w. 

HE MIGHT. Galse, w. 

WE MIGHT. Ni a elsin, w. 

MIGHTY, a^\ Cr^f. cr^v, w. ; krev, b. ; crif, cryf, 
cryff, w. ; galluidoc, b. ; galhydock, p. ; gallydhog, 
gaJlosec, galluzack, b. ; gallusec, w. ; gallogek, g^- 
logec, galluster, b. ; gallas, p. ; tryher, w. Amhomh 
worth tryher gureyi, promises by the mighty made, 
w. ; vote, H. 3089. The vote iHr in hyema^ so mighty 
surely in this world, m. 3089. 

MILD, GENTLE, adj. Medhal, medhel, meddal, 
hynwys, triwardhec, w. ; triaudhek, p. ; triuadhek, 

MILDEWED, adj. Cuny, n. 

MILDLY, adv. Pardee, b. As if piir dSk^ very good, 

MILDNESS, 8. (Gentleness). Medhalder, medalder, 

MILE, s. Mildir, w. 

MILFOIL, 8. (Herb). Minfel, milfel, ninteU, b. 

MILK, V. Gudra, w. 

MILK, 8. Lait, leyth, l^th, leath, 14th, w. 

CALVING. Gudrak, guedrak, b. In the dialect 
called buzza-milk. 

RAW MILK. Leath creve. Itaw milk is a pro- 
vincial term for milk which has not been ** scalded," 
or heated so as to eeparate the cream ; the clotted or 
clouted cream of Cornwall and Devon. The milk 
after being scalded, is called '* scald-milk." 

SOUR MILK. Buchar, w, 

SWEET MILK. Leuend-lac, leuerith, b. 

MILK-HOUSE or DAIRY, s. Laitty, w. 

MILK-PAIL or MILK-BUCKET, «. Buket gudra, p. ; 
st^n, B ; lattis, B. 

MILK-PAN, 8. Panshion, d. 

MILL, 8. Melin, mellin, mellyn, belin, velin, vellin, 
vellyn, brou, w. ; tshyi pobaz, p. Tehyi paba»y is 
more correctly bakehouee. 

MILLER, 8. Belender, w. 

MILLION, *. Milvil, mylvyl, w. ; myl vyl, w. Lit. 
A thousand thousands. Also, mylyon, n. 

MILL-POOL. *. Polvellan, b. 

MILLSTONE, «. . Br6n, briin, brodn, b. 

MILT, *. (The roe of fishes). Leuilloit, vabm, b. 

MIMIC, A MIMIC, 8. Baidh, barth, w. 

MINCED, part. Dufunys, m. 3224. VlOnhawyn 
dujunye, five loins of beef minced, m. 3224. 

MINCING, AFFECTED, adf. Foo-ty, ». 

Digitized by 





MIND, THE MIND, «. Breys, w. ; breis, c.w. 106 ; 
brlz, F. ; brys, briia, breos, w. ; brues, p. ; ttIs, 
vrys, &c., w, 

IT COMES IN MIND. Govenek, p. 

NOT OF ONE MIND. Ancombrys, w. 

OF ONE MIND. Dnver, w. 

MINDFUL, adj, Covys, w. ; kovys, b. ; koyyz, p. 

MINE, A MINE, #. Whtt. hwM, huel. &c., used in 
naming mines, but properly mean a ** work." Under- 
ground evcavations are called '' the workings," and 
an open excavation, as in streaming for tin, is always 
called a stream-«7or^, Pryce caUs tin minet (♦.#., 
mines with shafts, and levels or adits), moina stean. 
For instance, Wheal Alfred (the name of a mine) is 
simply Alfred's work. For the various forms of whil^ 
see A WORK. The Cornish miners call a mine, a 
hah For this see DIG, v, 


Koffen, p. 

lawen, n. 
MINES, «. Moina, p. Moina itean, tin mines, p. 
MINE-PUMP, s. Skit, D. 

MINE-SHAFT, *. Palador. Lit, A cast of earth, p. 
MINE-SPIRIT or PHANTOM, *. Gathom, n. 
MINE- WINCH, «, Whinz, b.v. 

MINE, pron. poss. Am, evy. Ow map «?y, my son 

of me ; thum, p. 
MINE, pron, adj\ My, mo, ow, "v. ; o i, r. 
BY MINE. Rum, rom, p. 
MINER or DIGGER, «. Derrick, n. 

MINER'S CAKE. Fogans, foogons, fuggan. Plain or 
not, unleavened, and eaten as a dinner. The same 
name is also used for a pork pasty. 

MINKR'S DINNER, flogan, hoggan, bobbin. This 
is just the same as what some call the miner's cake, 
q V, 

MINGLE, V. Cemyscy, kemysky, cymyscy, cymmyscy, 

MINNOW, s, Mimsy, n. 

MINSTRELS, «. Menestrouthy, w. 

MINT, *. (The herbV Mente, w. ; mentula, b. 

MIRACLE, $, Marth, marthus, varth, varthus, w. ; 
merkyl, p. 

A MIRACLE! BY ST. MARY! Rafaria! b. 

MIRACLES, 8, Marthegion, maradgion, marthys, p. ; 
merclys, m. 688 ; verclys, m. 2527. Yvose in y ver- 
elf/8, is mighty in his miracles, m. 2527. 

MIRACULOUS, adf. Marthusec, w. ; marthusy, p. ; 
merthusy, p. ; marthys, w. ; marthas, p. ; varthusec, 
varth ys, w. 

MIRE, 8, Pol, poll, w. ; bol, bowl, p. ; pul, caillar, 
w. ; casa, gasa, gasow, p. ; teil, tyle, b. ; lued, luth, 
lys, lyys, w. A hoi hag a lyy8 farmy8^ made <rf day 
and mire, o.m. 1070. 

A MIRY PLACE. Pol, w. 

MIRTH, 8. Lowender, lowenna, lowyni, w. ; loweni^ 
'lauen, lowenes, lauenez, p. RAg ioy ha rdg loweni^ 
'for joy and for mirth, o.m. 154. 

MIRY| adf, Luedic, w. ; luedik, p. 

MISCHIEF, 8. Anfugy, w. ; anfugye, c.w. 1057; 
enf ugy, p. Me a wra neh enfugy, I will do some mis- 
chief, p ; anfus, K. ; dregyn, k. 1110. Thymmo na 
ryUy dregyn^ that to roe thou do no mischief, k. 1110; 
meul, meawl, w. ; myshyf, w. ; vyshew, c.w, 789; 
vyshow, C.W. 1484. 


MISCHIEF-MAKER, s, Strifor, w. 

MISCHIEVOUS, adj, Anfugye, w. ; anfusyk, b. ; 
enfugyk, p. ; anfusyg, enfugyc, w. P^r wyr h§ 
mHir anfusyk, most truly, and very mischieyous, e.d. 
1520; purcheniat, purkeniat, puroeniat, b. ; di6c, 
dr6k, dr6g, w. 

MISERABLE, adf. Difr^th, dyfr^th, dyflryth, deff- 
ryth, aflydhys, w. ; goef, gweve, p. ; goy, b.d. 1187 ; 
morethec, morethek, w. ; trot, tooth, b. ; wisht, 
whisht, D. 

MISERABLE I. Govy, w. 
ERABLE. Treynye, tryny^, w. 

MISERY, 8, Qhy gew, wew, gwae, w. ; gweve, cw. 
2137 ; govid, myshew, vyshew, w, ; vyssow, vystow, 
p. ; dyses, o.m. 1432. Na pel ena yn dy8i8, any 
lonjjer there is misery, o.m. 1432. PL Govis, govys, 
govidion, govigion, govegion, govidxhion, w. ; 
worthenys, b. 

MISFORTUNE, #. C4s, gfts, w. Tma edi hr6i 
wirfethy8, a great misfortune has occured, o.m. 1543. 

MISLEAD, V, Sawtheny, w ; sawthenas, p. Ma 
na veny sntothenys, that we be not misled, p.c. 610. 

MISPRIZE, V. Dispresy, dyspresy, w. 

MISSION, 8, Danvonad, w. 

MIST, 8. Niul, w. ; niull, huibren, uibren, b. 


A THICK MIST. Gorthuer, goruer, w. 

MISTY RAIN or SLEET. Slag, n. 

MISTAKE, V, Miscemeras, w. ; miskymeraz, ?. ; 

meskymera, b. 
MISTAKE, 8. Miscymerians, w. ; myskymerians, p.; 

mystite, b. 
MISTAKEN, adj. Fellyon, b. 
MISTAKEN YOUR WAY. Gyi v6rdh, b. 

Digitized by 





MISTLETOE, «. Guthyl, b. 

MISTRESS, #. Mestres, vestr^s. A veitriSf my mis- 
tress, w. 


MISTRUST, V, Dismigo, dysmegy, w. 

MITE, s. M4n, R.D. 1437. Ny dalons mdn, they are 
not worth a mite, s.d. 1437. 

MITTEN,*. Manak, p. 

MITRE, J. Vytour, p; mut^r, m. 3010. 

MIX, V. Cemyscy, kemysky, cymyscy, cymmyscy, w. 


MIXTURE, s. Commysc, cymmysc, cymmysk, 
cemescys, kemeskys, w. ; kemskys, b. ; comiska, p. 

cangh, D. 

MIZEN-SAIL, «. (Of a fishing boat). Kicker, b.v. 

MOAN, V. Ega. w. 

MOAT, J. Fos, w. ; voze, fossa, foza, voza, p. ; 
pullan troillia, w. 


MOCK. r. Dafole, w. ; daffole, p.c. 1398. Ma daffoU 
fdtt an guas. and mock the fellow much, p.c. 1398. 
dyale. w. ; dyalas, dhyallas, gesky, p. ; gescy, w. ; 
cuthil g^s, kuthil g^s, p. ; moccio, b. 

MOCKERY, s. Flous, geyll, g^s, w. ; mogh, m. 955. 
Pan yv mogh ol ov duwotif since all my grief is a 
mockery, k. 955. 

MODESTY, s. M^z, b. ; serfans, p. Ow setha in pHre 
ierfans, sitting in great modesty, p. 

MOIETY, 8 Ranter, w. 

MOIS r, adf. Gl^b, gleab, glib, leb, gleu, glew, b. ; 
lynnic. w. ; lynnek, p. ; sog, s{ig, w. 

MOISTEN, V. Glybye, gUbbie, w. ; glibie, p. ; clybye, 
klybbye, w. 

MOISTURE, *. Glibor, glybor, w. ; gUbbor, lyn, p. ; 

sygan, w. 
MOLE, s. (Spot or freckle). Taish, w. 

MOLE, s, TThe animal, in Cornwall, called a want), 
Oddh, g6d, gudh-dhar, w. ; gudh-dhaor, gudh-doar, 
gudhor, B. ; godh-dhar, p. ; gudhthaur, b. 

MOLE-HILL, s. Pil gudhar, w. ; turumel, b. 

MOLEST. V, Dygnas, w. 

MOLLIENT. adj. Medhal, medhel, meddal, w.; medal, 

B.; methel, p. 
MOLLIFY, r, Tempre, b. 

MOMENT, #. T6ch, w. Na m-eugh vn tikeh vyth Utyi, 
do not any one moment delay, p.c. 1714. See TIME. 

MONDAY, B, De l{in, w. ; de lin, p. ; dillAn, b. 

MONEY, *. Bat, w. ; bath, p. ; mone, mona, mon- 
nah, w. ; vone, b. ; vona. k. 1917 ; von6s, sols, diri- 
air, B. 

gans, w. ; peganz, p. ; fegans, w. In the Cornish 
dialect they use the words fangingtj vanging$. (The 
g hard). 

MONEY or SAVINGS, «. Cobshans, n. 

MONEY. (A small piece or coin of it). Sciit, b. *'I 
havn't a scute '' is still a phrase of the Cornish dia- 
lect. They say of a roan who is bankrupt that he is 
scat. Does the expression '* scot free " mean iciU 
free, i.e., to be free of costs or liability ?. 

MONEY-CHANGER, «. Bathor, w. ; bather, w. 

MONK, 8, Manach. manah, vanah, w. PL Menech, 

MONK'S-HOOD, «. (The plant Aeonitum napMw). 
Cugol, w. ; kugol, B. 

MONKEY, *. Sim, w. 

MONMOUTHSHIRE, «. Guent, b. 

MONTH, *. Mis, w. ; miz, b. ; mys, k. ; meys, k. 
2200 ; vis, w. ; viz, B. ; vys, K. ; vyz, p. PI, Mys- 
yov {my8you)j K. 803. SHr kyn8 pen vy8j surely be- 
fore the end of the month, p.c. 1646. 

MOON, 8. Loer, lor, loor, lour, lAr, w. ; laur, b. ; ler, 
p. ; lin, w. An houl ha^n l6r ha^n 8tergany the sun, 
the moon, and the stars, o.m. 36. 

FULL MOON. Cann, b. 

THE MOON'S COURSE. Redegva, p. 

MOOR, «. (Moor-land). Cors, hil {PI, Hallow), w. ; 

hM, h^l, B. ; ros, w. 
MOORS, 8, Gwinnow, winnow, w. ; winny, p. 

MOORISH, adj, Gwinic, winnic, w. ; winny, p. ; 
gwemic, w. ; guemik. p. ; helek (from M), b. 

MOORY LAND. Tir devrak, b. 

MOORY PLACE. (Near the sea). Morva, w. 

MORE. Moj, moi, mui, w. ; muy, b. ; voy, br&f, w. ; 
fire. p. ; mogha. moghya, moghye, v« The three last 
words also mean mod, q, v. 

MORE ADO. Ken Rcyle, b. 

MORE LIKE. HavaUa, w. 

MORE THAN. Moy vel, moys (moy-y$), w. 

MORE THAN USUAL. Nauy (? Many), b. 

MOREOVER, adv, Hagenzol, nena, nenna, w. ; awedh, 
auedh, aweeth, awyetha, p. ; tr^s, b. 

MORNING, 8. Metin, mettyn, vettyn, w. ; myttyn, 
vyttyn, b. ; meten, m. 2378 ; vetten, m. 4420 ; bore, 
boregweth. cenzhoha. kenzhoha, w. 

THE MORNING TIME. Borcgworth, w. 

ON A MORNING. Boregeth, b. 

ON THE MORNING. Borequeth, p. 

IN THE MORNING. Arvis, w. ; metui, mintin, b. 

MORNING STAR. Byr luan, b. 

Digitized by 





MORRHTJA MINUTA. (The ). Glawer, d. 

MORROW, 8, Avorow, vuru, w. 

TO-MORROW. T vuru, w. 

MORSEL. 9. Mican, w. ; inikan, p. ; genuwed, suben, 
tabm, tdm, p. Suheu was also used as the name of a 
kind of pudding, w. See HI r, JOT, PIECE. 

MORTAL, adj\ Hogen, w. ; hogan, p. 

MORTICE, «. Moner, p.c. 2816. Yn morfer skuat 
the gothe, into the mortice, crack, to fall, p.c. 2816. 

MOSS, «. Best, neag, b. ; neage, r6s, p. ; mews, moth, 


MOSSY, adj, Neag, b. Mean neag, a mossy stone. 
Ki neagy a mossy hedge, b. 

MOST, adj. Mochya, w. ; moghya, il. 1544. Neh may 
fe moghya geffyty he who is forgiven most, p.c. 513 ; 
moygha, b. ; mocha, w. ; moghye, moghya, moghe, 
V. ; moycha, moicha, moya, w. 

MOST OF ALL. Ithik tra, w. ; ithick tra, uthick, p. 

MOTH, 9, Goudhan, w. ; gouwan, b. ; gou^an, p. ; 
pisky, D. 

MOTH-WORM, *. Gonyaz (? gouyaz), prevan, b. 
Lhuyd gives prevan for cheese-worm, or any other 

MOTHER, «. Mam, vam, mabro, yabm, dama, w. ; 
damma, b. ; d^m, p. 

HIS MOTHER. T vam, w. 

MOTHER'S-MILK, *. Dripshan, n. ** A drop of 
dripshan '' This word is also used for a draught or 
drink of spirit, &c. 

MOTHER-IN LAW, «. Hweger, w.; hueger, b.; 
huwcger, p. 

MOTHERLY WOMAN. Benen v4t, p. 

MOTION or ACT. s. Gwyth, gueid, w. 

MOTLEY, adj. Brith, bryth, bruit, b 

MOTTLED, adj. The same as for motley, q.v. 

MOULD or EARTH, «. Pri, pry, bry, vri, vry, w. 

MOULD, «. (As on a liquid). Eeam, d. 

MOUND, «. PU, w. See HILLOCK. 

MOUNT,*. Din, w. See HILL and MOUNTAIN. 

A HIGH MOUNT. Guydh-grAg, b. 

MOUNT, V. Yskynn^, o.m. 1976. See ASCEND. 

LET HIM MOUNT. Yskunnes, b. 

MOUNTAIN, #. Menedh, menydh, mynydh, w.; 
meneth, menyth, p. ; menythe, c.w. 1082 ; menit, 
monedh, w. ; monadh, b. ; venedh, w. ; veneth, o.x. 
1281 ; mener, p. ; menar, b. ; men^s, p. ; brt, brea, 
w. ; bray, p. ; vr^, bryn, ban, pan, van, tor, torr, w, 

ON THE MOUNTAIN. Uar an venedh, p. 

A GREAT MOUNTAIN. Monedh biAs, w. 



MOUNTAIN-ASH, «. Ceiden, w. ; keidrai, p. 

MOURN, V. Cyny, kyny, w. 

MOURNFUL, *. Morethack, c.w. 381 ; morethic. w. ; 
morethek, p. My ayl bde mar^theky I may be monni- 
ful. p.c. 3187; trawethar^, w. ; trauethak, p.; tra- 
vetJiak, b. ; trawedhak, w. ; trauedhak, b. ; trewesy, 
dreweay, trewysy, w. ; trewisy, trawesy, p. ; trewath, 
c w. 837 ; trest, trist, w. ; trAs, trys, p. ; wiaht, 
whisht, D. 


MOUSE, *. Logoden, logosan, lygodzhan, w. PL 
(mice). Logaz, loggas, b. TreUggas, the town d 
mice, or mice-town; legessa, k. 341 4. Ny yl hoyi 
guel legessa, there cannot be better to catch mice, m. 
3414; murs(P/.), Polwhele. 

MOUTH, s, Ganow, w. ; ganou, b. ; genow, anew, 
w. An try spHs yn y anow, the three grains into his 
mouth, o.v. ^7o ; mein, min, meyn, w. 

MOUTHS, #. Mowys, b. 

A LITTLE MOUTH, (t.^., a pursed up mouth). 
Pokkail, b. See KISS. 

MOUTHFUL, *. Genawed, w. 

MOVE, f>, Gwayah, w. ; gwayath, p. ; guaya, b. ; 
gueny, p. 

TO BE MOVED. Meviy, p. 

TO MOVE AGAIN. Remul^, p. 

TO MOVE ONE'S SELF. Ymguen, w. 

HE MOVED. Remufc, w. From the EnglisL 

MOVED, part. Mevys, p. ; meviys, w. ; gozez, p. 

MOW, V, Mede w. ; medi, b. ; midi, medge, w. 

MOW, s, (As of com). Dise, b.- 

MOWER, s, Meder, meter, meader, w. ; medhv, 
midar. midzhar, midil, b. ; midhil, p. ; medwas, w. 

MOWING,*. Mediud,B. 

MUCH. Meur, miir, viir, f^, maur, mear, m^r, meyr, 
w. ; maer, m&r, mu, mych, p.; lower, loer, lawcr, 
luas, lues, luhas, lubes, leas, lias, w. ; liai, p. ; lyes, 
lyys, lys, w An awayUma taveth lys, this tragedy 
much talked of, p.c. 551. Pylta, pos, p.; yn fris, 
B.D. 1098. A peghas mar thy »• yn/rdi, 1 have sinned 
wondrous much, k.d. 1098. 

MUCH ADO. N^b-m6r, b. 

MUCH BETTER. Pylta gwM, w. 

MUCH LESS. M^r 1^, p. ; mtrle, b. 

SO MUCH. Gemmysy a gymmys, p. 

TOO MUCH. Re, b.d. 2056. Thotho hyny ty$ re, for 
him never would it be too much, B3. 2056. 

VERY MUCH. Ithik tra, w. ; ithidc tra, uthidc, p. 

MUCK, #. Teil, w. ; tyle, b. See DUNG. 

Digitized by 





MITD. f . Lued. lys, lyys, w. JSTepar htt seym py lyy 
hady like train-oil or salt-marsh mud, o.x. 2708 ; 
pol, poll, w. ; pul, p. ; pal, d. 

MUD-POOL, f . Pol-pry, ». 

MUGGY, adj. Looby, d. 

MUG WORT, *. L^sluit, luitl^s, lotl^s, p. 

MULBERRY, *. Moyr, w. ; mouar, b. 

MULBERRY-TREE, #. Moyr-bren, w. 

MULLET, f . Mehil, m«lial^ w. ; meill, brertbil, b. 

MULTITUDE, #. (Number, quantity). Myns, mens, 

lias, w. 
MULTITUDE, *. (Congregation, assembly). Bagat, 

MULTITUDE or CROWD, 9. RAth, w. 


MURDER, 9, Ladhva, d^n ladh, w. ; latba, lathdin, 

p. ; calanedb, w. ; kalanedh, p. ; b&r, b. 

MURDERING, jpor^. Moldra. k. 1189. Heh moldra 
an enutunyon^ without murdering the Christians, k. 

MURMUR or HUM, 9, Drilsy, drulgy, n. See HUM. 

MURMUR or GRUMBLE, 9. Aicably, p. 

MUSCLE, 9. (Shell fish). Mesclen, bezlen, w. ; me- 
tilen, bealen, besl, p. ; treage, b. 

MUSICAL PIPE. 9. Plb. w. 

A SMALL MUSICAL PIPE. Piban, peban, w. 

MUSICIANS, 9. Menestrouthy, w. 

MUST or OUGHT. Gorthyn, gorweythy, b. 

YOU MUST. Reys yu dheuh, p. 

MUSTY, adf, Lous, p. ; pindy, b. ; peendy, n. This 

word is often used, as '*the flour is peendy,*' also 

vady, D. 
MUTE or DUMB. adj. Avlavar, a flavar, w. ; anla- 

rar, b. 
MY, pron. Ow, w. ; owe, c.w. 4 ; ou, ew, p, ; a, am, 

om, y'm, mo, my, w. 

BY MY. RAm (re-am), rom, riim (re-^m), w. 

POR MY. Thorn, c.w. 1085. I7iywu> ve ha thomfle- 
hyn^ for me and for my children, o.w. 1036. 

IN MY. Ym (y-a»i), i'm, w. 

OP MY. Am, w. 

TO MY. Dom, dhom, w. ; thom, c.w. 896 ; dum, 

dhum, thum, w. ; am, p. 
WITH MY Am, w. 
MYSELF, pron. Ow honan, ow honyn, ma honan, p. 


** This letter is aprimary initial and immutable, in Oor- 
niah," w. Lix. Com. Brit. 

KAIL, V. (Or fasten with nails). Centre, kentrt, w. ; 
warr6, p. 

TO NAIL TOGETHER. The warr6 yn ten, p. 
NAIL, *. Center, kenter. genter, w. ; kentar, p. PI. 

Centre w, kentrow, w. ; kentron, p. Also a pin or jm^, 

q. V. 
A LITTLE NAIL. Tach, p. 

AN IRON NAIL or SPIKE. Ebil hoem, w. ; ebal 
hoam, p. 

NAIL, #. (As of the finger or toe). Ewin, p. ; juin, 


NAILS, 9. (As of the fingers or toes). Ewinas, eui- 
naz, winas, winaz, p. ; jninax, b. 

NAILED, adj. (Having naila or daws). Ewinog, w. 

NAILED, part (Nailed or spiked). Kentrewys, x, 
2603. Kentrewy9 treys ha dida, nailed feet and two 
hands, m. 2603. 

NAKED, ac(f. Noth, noath, noeth, noyth, p. ; nootii, 
c.w. 856 ; emoyth. w. ; femoyth, fem^th, b. Dyra- 
gough ndth yfyeuy before you naked I should be, b.i>. 

NAKEDNESS, 9. Noatha, notha, w. ; nootha, o.w. 

NAKEDLY, adv. Inhoth, x. 8064. KynthslUn vy 
pre9t inhoth, though I (myself) should go nakedly, x. 

NAME, V. Henwel, honwa, w. ; honua, p. ; gelwel, 
celwel, w. ; gulwel, p. ; gylwel, cria, w. ; knha, b. ; 
creia, w. ; kreia, p. 

I NAME. Ydhanwaf, a contracted form of ydh and 
hantoaf^ 1 pers. s. f ut. of henwel^ to name, w. 

I WILL NAME. Hanwaf, 1 pers. s. fut. of henwel^ 
to name, w. 

NAME, 9. Hanow, w. ; hanou, hanno, b. ; hanowe# 
c.w. lis ; anew, w. ; henwel, henual, henwyn, hen- 
wys, hynwys, p. My hanow thethy hy gvra, do thou 
give a name to her, o.m. 108. 

NAMES, 9. Hynwyn, the plural of hanow. S^aga 

hynwyn y a vyth, and their names they shall be, o.x. 

NAMED, i^ar^. flinwys, hynwys, w. ; henwys, b. ; 

htowis, c.w. 12 ; hoDwys, honys, w. ; henuelez, b. ; 

henuel^s, hylwys, p. 

NAP or DOZE, 9. Sog, b. ; xog, n. This word is still 

NAPE, ». Kyi, O.M. 1781. Ly9ky9 of a'n kyl th^n 
tdl, I am burned from the nape to the forehead, o.x. 

NAPKIN, 9. Lysten, w. ; lian-duylou, stoUowfet, b. ; 
hynelep, mantel, p. 

NARRATION, 9. Daralla, b. 

NARROW, 0^'. CM, edn, w. ; ydn, yn, p. ; idne, b. 

NASTINES8, *. L4«t, w. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




NATION, s, Tiis, tuee, w. ; tis, tiz, p. ; tenth, b. See 

NATIVE, *. Genesek. m. 2287. Ui then Uhel gen^el, 
the evil native has, m. 2287. 

NATIVITY, 8, Genedigveth, b. 

NATIVITY, THE NATIVITY, «. NadeHc, Nadelik, 
Nadelic, w. ; Nedelek, b. (f.^., Christmas). 

NATURE. 8. Nater, natyr, w. Ea^n enefdel dascorsS 
erhyn nater gans un <?ry, and how he gave up the soul 
afrainst natnre with a cry, m.c 208. (w.) (From the 
English). Cende, kende, w PHr contraryui yn kendi^ 
quite contary to nature ; cnnda, knnda, w. Rdg hen- 
na warbyn cunda, therefore against nature, c.w. 1302. 

ron drSs, thieves by profession, b. 


NAUGHT. Min, w. ; 14k, aeke, aege, p. 

NAUGHTY, adj. Hager, w. ; hagar, p. ; lie, w. 

NAVEL, s. Begel, bigel, w. 

NAY, adf. Nag, nagg, ny, na, p. 

NEAR. N^s, nez, nees, p.; nesse, p.c. 1096. Ov 
ne48S yma an preys^ drawing near is the time, p.c. 
1096 ; neese, c.w. 727 ; nur, ny, p. ; ryb, w. ; ryp, 
N. ; reb, rebbon, rybbon, w. ; rybon. p.c. 460. Tn 
pla» vi omnM ryhony in a place which is here near, 
p.c. 460 ; agos, ogas, w. Ogae yma, is near, p.c. 
1102 ; oges, m. 101 »3. Oges yma ov envy, new is my 
enemy, m. 1013. JVa nyl oges nag yn pel, not one 
near, nor at a distance, o.m. 1141. 

NEAR, NEARLY, adv. Enagos, w. ; enagoz, p. 

NEAR US. Rybbon, rybon, rebbon, b. 

NEAR TO HIM or HER. Aytu {a y tu\ p. 

NEAR TO HIM. Orta eff, b. 

NEAR TO. Ordan, orta, b. 

NEAR, AT HAND. Wh^th, p. 

NEARER, adj. Nessa. b. ; in neys, m. 347'). Saff 
in neys, stand nearer, m. 3470 ; nez, p. 

NEAREST, adj. Nessav, p. ; nesse, m. 239 ; nessa, 
M. 263. 

NEAT, adj, Gulan, p. ; feyn, fein, b. 

NEATLY, adv, Yn cl6r, b 

NEATNltlSS, s. Glannithder, w. ; glannuthder, p. ; 
cl6r, B 

NECESSARY, adj. Reys, k.d. 639 ; reyse, c.w. 170. 
Dynny yv reys, to us is necessary, k.d. 369 ; yn 
otham, B. 

VERY NECESSARY. Porres, porris, porrys, purr- 
yes, w. 

NECESSARIES, s. (Belongings, necessaries ©f life). 
Pegans, w. ; peganz p. ; fegans, w. The Cornish 
use the wonls fangings, and vangings ( g hard). 

NECESSITOUS, NEEDY, adj. Ethomog, w. ; orth- 
ommek, p.c. 2639. 

NECESSITOUS, s. (The needy). Othomegyon, p. 

NECESSITY, s. Edhomeg, odhomec, w. ; ethom, 
othom, p. ; otham, b. ; othem, m. 356 ; reys, reiB, 
rAs, w. ; r^z, p. ; rys, w. 

OF . NECESSITY. Porris, b. 

NECK, «. Codna, w. ; kodna, b. ; conna, cona, w. ; 

kuna, godna, b. ; hodna, w. \ kil, b. Polkil, the top 

of the neck, b. ; gwar, guar, w. ; brandzha, b. 

. Gebal the conna a greg, Gebal, thy neck be hanged, 

O.M. 2813. 

THE NAPE OF THE NECK. Cyl, kyl, kyll, oil 
kil, chil, w. ; col, p. ; hyll, b. ; pol kil, w. 

NECK-CLOTHS, s. Kuethiou, ked penna, b. 

NECKERCHIEF, s, Follat, w. 

NECK-JEWEL, «. Deek, b. 

NECKLACE, «. Dele, w. ; deek, b. 

NEED, s. Edhomog, odhomec, w. ; ethom, othom, ?. ; 
otham> B. ; othem, v. 856. Thymo othem o hena, 
need to me was that, x. 4109. Tfeth othom annethi^ 
there will be need of them, o.m. 1949 ; reys, reis, 
reys, w. ; rez, p. ; rys, w. Beys yv thy*s ynno 
crystf, need it is that thou believe in him, o.m. 

FOR VERY NEED. Purryes, p. ; porris, b. ; r*x, 
reys, p. 



NEEDS BE, NEEDS IT IS. Reysyw. w. ; reysyv, 
O.M. 1608. 

NEEDS MUST. Porris, b. ; purryes, r^z, reys, p. 

IT MUST NEEDS. Dil e dll, p. 

NEEDLE, s, Nadedh, nadzhedh, w. ; nasweth, m. 
468. Der trov nasweth, to go through a needle's eye, 
M. 468 ; notuydh, b. ; girak, p. 

NEEDLE-FI^H, t. Girac, girak, p. 

NEEDFUL, adj. (Need is). Besy. bysy, w. Beijf 
yv cafus nuul, need is to take counsel, m. 2369; reys, 
B.D. 369; reyse, c.w. 170; porrys, o.m. 683. E^ 
yw porrys laffuryiy to labour is needful, m. 683. 

NEEDY, adj. See NECESSITOUS, adj. 

TOUS, s. 

NEIGH, V. Cryhias, cryhiaz, w. ; kryhiaz, p. 

NEIGHBOUR, s. Centrevec, centrevek. centrevao, 
cyntrevac, w. ; kyntrevak, p. ; contrevac, w. ; kon- 
trevak, contrevak, centre va, p. ; neshevin, w. ; nes- 
heuin, b. ; ages, agos, oges, ogos, ogas, ogaz, p. 

A DEAR NEIGHBOUR. Car, w. ; kar, b. 

NEIGHBOURS, s Controvagion, p. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




NEIGHBOURHOOD, i. Oges, m. 2246. In y ogii 
fUr eerien, in Ids neighbourhood right certainly, m. 

NEIGHBOURING, <uf/. Ogas, oges, ogos, agos, w. 

NEIGHING, s, (A neighing). Cynihas, kynihias, 
eryhias, w. ; kynihas, p. 

NEITHER. Na (before consonants) ; nag (before 
vowels), w. ; bythny, p. 

NEITHER OF THE TWO. Na neite, w. 

NEGLECT, V. Ascongo, p. 

NEPHEW, #. Noi. (Lhwfd, Nepos, Lot.) Borlase 
gives noi for grandchild ; also for a prodigal. 

NERVE. ». (Meaning a sinew or tendon). Geyen, 
geien, w. ; goinen, p. ; goucen, b. 

NERVES, f . Geiow, eiow, ieyw. w. 

NEST, s. Neith, neid, w. ; nied, b. ; nid, nyth, w. 

NESTLE, V. Nyethy, w. 

NET, s. R68, niz, rethe, w. ; myd, b. PL Rethys, 
M. 3166. 



ING NET. ^pis, B.v. 

NETTLE or VEX, v. Tardha, b. 

NETTLE, 4. (The plant). Linaden, linaz, w.; linachs, 
p. ; brouda, b. 

NETTLE HEDGE. Linar, ke linachs, p. 

NEVER, adv, Byner, vyner, w; bener, m. 1020; 
bydnarre, c.w. il61 ; bythni, bithqueth. bythqueth, 
bysqueth, besga. bysgueth, vythgueth, ny vythyth, 
p. ; venestre, neftre, b. Neffre trystyns ny gen byth^ 
never is sorrow with us, p.c. 73 1 ; na nefre, w ; nefra, 
nevra. p. ; na nevra. navyth {na-hyth), w. ; nywra, 
nyver, p. 

NEVER MORE. Bynytha. w. My ny vennaf gro- 
wethd bynytha, I wiU never more lie down, o.m. 625. 

NEVERTHELESS, adv. Betegyns, bytegyns, byty- 
gyns, "F. ; betygons, p Saw hetygttm ore$ough why, 
but nevertheless believe ye, b.d. 1 300 ; awos, auoz, 

NEW. FRESH. LATE, RECENT, adf, Newydh, 
newedh, nowydh, w. ; noweth, nonedzha, nooth, ^r, 

newedh, nowydh, w. 

NEWS, «. Nowedhow, noadho, w. ; noandho, b. ; 
nenydho, p. ; newydhow, nedhow, w. ; nethow, 
newethow, p.; nawothow, c.w. 724; nowothov, k. 
8315; nowethis, c.w. 1886; nowethys, o.w. 1136. 

NEWT, «. Anaf, w. ; anau, b. ; pedrevan, pedrevor, 
pedresif , w. ; pedreriff, p. ; wedresif, w. ; padgy-paw. 

pagety-paw, paget-e-poo, padzher-pou, d. Zit, Four 

NEXT, at^\ Nessa, nesav, w, ; nesa, p. 
NIECE, *. Noit, w. ; noith, nith, b. 
NIGH, adj\ See NEAR. 
NIGHT, «. N6s, n6z, w. ; nooz, c.w. 85 ; noys, nei^ 

LAST NIGHT. Nehuer, neihiir, w. 
TO-NIGHT. Haneth, w. 
THIS KIGHT. Ha neth, p.; haneth, p.c. 719; nos- 

ma, noysma, p. 
NIGHTMARE,/. HiUah, b. 
NIGHTSHADE, s. {Atropa Belladonna). Scaw-coo, 


NIMBLE, a^\ ScAf, scaff, scdv, sgAv, schM, stric, 

strick, w. 
NIMBLY, adv, Scafe, p. ; scaff, b. Mar $eaff, so 

nimbly, b. Ha the seafe #4r ythethy and thou more 

nimbly sure will go, o.m. 2295. 

NINE. Naw, w. ; nawe, nau, p. ; naon, b. 

NINE HUNDRED. Naw cans, w. ; nau kanx, P. 

NINETEEN. Nawnzac, w. ; nawnzack, p. ; nowneec, 
nowndzhak, w. ; naunjak, n ; naunthek, k. 

NINETEENTH. Naw d^gves, w. ; naw d^gvas, p. 

NINETY. Padzhar iganz ha d^g, padgwar igans ha 
d^k, p. ; padgwar iganz ha d^k (^peswar ugens ha 
d^k), K. Zit. Four twenties and ten. 

NINTH. Nawas, nauhuaa, nahuaz, p. 

NIP or DRAM, «. (Of spirit). Tot, n. 

NITS, *. (Eggs of Hce). Nedh. 

A NIT. Nedhan, w. 

NOAH, «. Noy, o.m. 1017. Zemyn noy y'th vforhel h$^ 
now, Noah, go into thy ark, o.m. 1017. 

NO. Na, ny, nag, nagg. Na is used before a conso- 
nant, and nag before words beginning with a vowel. 

NO HOW. Malbew, p. 

NO MATTER, NO ODDS. Na fors, p. 

NO ONE. Nagonen, nagonan, p. 

NOBILITY, 9. Pednzhivikianz, p. 

NOBLE, adj. Pednzhivik, p. ; hyuelar, b. ; brentyn, 

bryntyn, w. The wiUfds a vyyn bryntyn^ to make a 

wall of noble stones, o.m. 2281. 

NOBLE or NOBLEMAN, «. Pendevig, nensevio, 
penzivik, w. ; penzhivik, pendefig, p. ; pednzhivigy 

NOBLES or NOBLEMEN, «. Bryntyn, p. 

NOD, V. Pendruppia, w. ; pendruphia, p. ; gogwyddo^ 
gogwyddo pen, b. 

Digitized by 





NOD or BECK, «. Amnnid, b. 

NOISE, f. (As to sound). Gyc, w. ; guith, ow. Seb 
etc, without noise, b. ; son, w. A s^ a^n debel bobel, 
at the noise of the wicked people, o.m, 1815 ; tr66, 
w. ; troz, p. ; troes, c.w. 649. Gans golov ha tnUr a 
trdi, with light, and much noise. Then keth dev-na 

, gam tnUr trda, to that same God with much noise, o.m. 

A NOISE. Now {an ow), p. 

The g soft. This word is still used in the Cornish 
dialect. Also driky, drulgy, n. 

NOISE, CL.VMOXJR, *. Crei, krei, cri, cry, gri, gry, 
w. ; tousse, d. ; randigal, b. TouBse is still in fre- 
quent use. The word randigal is also often used, hut 
the meaning given to it is '*' a ramhling tale," or 
story. Borlase gives taunt for a noise or ditpute. 
** What a saunt is here ?" 

NOISELESS, adj. Dys6n, w. 


NOMINATE, V. Henwel, honwa, w. ; honua, p. 

NONE. Gonon, vyth, nagonen, nagonnon, b. 

NOOK or CORNER, *. C6r, com, comat, cornel, cor- 
nal, w. ; komal, elin, elyn, p. 

NOON, NOON-DAT, *. Hanter dydh, hanter d*th, 

NOOSE, «. Colm, P.O. 1525. Co/im r^, a running noose. 

NOR. Na, ny, nag, w. ; nagg, p. ; nan, p.c. 1578. 
Na is used before a consonant, and nag before words 
beginning with a vowel. 

NORTH, THE NORTH, *. Gogleth, b. 

NOSE, «. Trein, tron, w. ; frigau, fron, fril^o, b. (? 

NOSE, s. (Of land). Ryn. PolwheU. 

NOSTRIL,*. Frig, w. ; fridg, c.w. 1854; frygov, 

C.W. 1933 (?P/.); fr"c. ^^ 
NOSTRILS, *. Freygow, frygow, w. ; frygov, m. 


NOT. Na, ni, w. ; nyn, p. ; nan, b. ; nag, nagg, p. ; 
Also ne prefixed, as nel e, he cannot, for ne el e; and 
neg before a vowel. Ngn is used before consonants, 
nt/m before vowels. Na is used before consonants, 
and nag before words beginning with a vowel. 

NOT HIM. Nan, na'n, w. 

NOT HIM, HER, IT, THEM. Ny's (n»-*), w. 

NOT ME. Ni*m, ny'm, w. 

NOT MINE. Ni'm, nu'm, w. 


Nas (na-as), w. 

NOT THE. Nan, na'n. w. 
NOT— THEE. Nyth (itfHiM), w. 

NOT THY. Nath (mMth), w. 

NOT TO ME. Nym, num, b. 

NOT YET. Nawanyo, b. 

NOTABLE, adf. Nodedec, nodzhedjshek, w. 

NOTE, «. (Mark, dignity). Aynos, p. 

NOTE. V. Notye, w. 

NOTED, adj. Nodedio, nodzhedzhek, w. 

NOTHING, *. Laduit, ni tra vyth, w. ; ni tra vcth, 
p. ; ni n^b tra, b. ; ni nebtitt, p. ; travyth ; traviUi, 


NOTICE, f. Fara, w. ; goynf, p. 

NOTION, FANCY, or CONCEIT, «. Vang, d. 

NOTWITHSTANDING. Awos, w. ; auoa, p. Awos 
ol ow gallos, notwithstanding all my power, e.b. 68 ; 
hagen, w. ; rynnan, p. ; betegyns, bytegyns, bytyg* 
yns, w. 

NOURISH, V. Maga, w. ; methia, p. 

NOURISHED, part. Megys, migys, mygys, w.; 
mygyz, p. 

NOUKISHER, e. (Or bringer up of any one). De- 
riaeth, p. 


NOYELTY, «. Nowedhans, nouedzhans, nouedzhani, 

NOVEMBEEl, e. Mis du, Mis diu, w. ; Miz-diu, p. 

Lit. The black month. 

NOW. Leman, lemen, lemmen, lemman, w. Lemman 
warbarth ow Jleghye, now together, my children, p.c. 
;5U7 ; lemjn, w. Lemyn eHr yth yu ewn hye, now 8ure> 
ly it is the right length, o.m. 2325 ; lemmyn, w. 
Lemmyn a abrsteleth, now, apostles, r.b. 893 ; la- 
man, B. ; lymmyn. lebmen, lebmyn, w. ; lebben, p. ; 
nena, nenna, w, ; nawnj, nam, nan, nans, prest, ys, 
p. ; ytho, w. Ytho thym lavar, now tell me, k.d. 
787 ; ythew, hetheu, w. ; whet, p.c. 696. Wht 
avar prys »oper yr, it is now late (? early) time for 
supper, P.O. 696 ; breman, w. ; ciimah, b. ; i^rma, 
enurma (en-ur-ma, in this hour), in nanz, p.; in- 
nanz, b. ; yn tor-ma, v. Na vo marow yn tor-ma^ 
that he be not killed now, p.c. 2446. 

NOW IS. Nansyw, b. ; nangew, c.w. 1914. Vm^ 
gew termyn tremenySy now is passed a time, c.w. 1914. 

NOW WAS. Newngo, w. 

I^UMBER, *. Niver, nyver, w. ; never, b. Heh neeer, 
without number, b. ; n3ruer, o.m. 569. Sa dewdkw 
hep nyueTf and devils without number, o.m. 569. 

NUMBER, MULTITUDE, t. Mens, myns, w. 

NUMBER, V. Nivera, nevera, w. ; nyfyra, b.i>. 658. 
JVy yllon* bds nyfyrye, they could not be numbered, 
B.B. 558. 

NUM BNESS, s. (As from cold). Ewinrew. windnw, 
w. ; uindrau, vindrau, w. In Cornwall now called 
wonders and gwendere. 

Digitized by 






NUMBNESS, «. (As from drowsmess). Sog, b. 

NUN, s. Manaes, laines, w. ; cain^i, b. 

NURSE, #. Methia, b. 

NURSING,*. Methia, B. 

NURSE, s. Mamaid, mammaith, w. ; mammath, p. 

NURSER, «. Tadvath, tatvat, w. 

NURSE-HOUND, «. {Squalis eanicula). Delboid, b. 

NURTURE, FOSTERAGE, s. Meidrin, meithrin, w. 

NURTURED, pwrt. Megys, mygys, w. 

NUT, s. Cnjfan, cyDj&n, kynyfan, kynyphan, w. 

NUTS, s, Craouen, b. 


'' This letter has the same sound as in English ; when 
short as in for^ pot, sortf and when long as in bone, 
come, lone. 

It is a mutable vowel changing into e^ as eom^ a horn ; 
cemiat, a horn-blower. Cernaw, ComwalL" w. 
Lex. Com, Brit, 

! exelam. A, (For OH ! see further on). Used as 
a sign of the yocative case. 

OAK, f . D4r, w. ; derven, b. (P/. Derow, w. ; deru, 
p.; ; dryst, b. ; glastenen, glastennen, glastanen, 
glastan, w. 

THE SCARLET OAK. Glastenen, w. 

OATH, f . Toan, tyan, b. ; toun, p ; ty, w. 

TO TAKE AN OATH. Toy, tye, tiah, w, 

OAR, f. Ruif, r*v, w. 

OaTS, *. Ceirch, w. ; keirch, b. ; ctroh, ktroh, w. ; 
kerh, b. 

brydnian, w. 

OATEN BREAD. Bara kerh, bara ceirch, w. ; bara 
keirch, b. 

OATMEAL, «. Brynnian, brydnian, w. 

OARSMAN, *. Ruifadur, ruiyadur, w. ; roifa-dur, p. ; 
reradar, w. 

OBEDIENCE, t. Bryge, deflfry, devry, vry, p. , hyrel- 
dor. B. 

OBEDIENT, adf. Huvel, hvVel, gostyth, w. ; gus- 
tyth, gosteyth, p. Qoeteyth thy^mo y a veth, obedient 
to me they shall be, o.m. 53 ; guthoc, gwyw, guyw, 
gweff, p. ; Tuel, w. 


OBEY, V. Hyvla, w. ; hyria, b. ; Try, p. 

OBJECT, f. Vysmer, vlsmer, p. Bde gurye mar vSr 
viemer, to be made so great an object, p. 

OBJECT, V, Sconya. Py penag ol a eoonya, whoerer 
may object, v. 

OBLIGED, BOUND, part. Sensys, sengys, syngyi, 

OBLIGED, BOUND, adf. Dysosy, w, 

OBSCURE, adf. (Dark) Tewal, w. ; teual, p. 

OBSCURITY, DARKNESS, *. Tewlder, tulder, w, j 
tiulder, p. ; tiwlder, tuylder, tyuldar, tewolgow, 
tiwulgou, tulgu, w. ; tiuwigou, p. 

OBSERVE, V. Noty6, sylly, w. ; whyrvyth, whow, p. 

OBSTINATE, adf. Dynas, w. (?). 


OBTAIN, t;. Cael, gael, cafos, cafus, cafes, cafel, w. ; 
cawas, gawas, kouas, gouaz, p. 

OBTAINED, part. Gallons, b. 

OBTRUDE, V. Dho toula en, p, 

OCCASION, *. Ahozon, treveth, trefeth, tro, w. 
Ma nep na*n gr&k war nep trOy and he who has not 
done it on any occasion, k.b. 158; spsb, bb. 840. 
The gafoe epdSf to find occasion, b.d. 840. 

OCCIPUT,*. Polkil, B. 

OCCUR, V. Wharfos, w. See HAPPEN. 

OCEAN, «. M6r-difeid, mSr-diveid, an m6rbr&s, m6r* 
t&t, B. 

OCTOBER, «. Hedra, w. ; Hezre, b. Mis-hewre, 
October month, b. Miw-hedra, October month, p. 
It means the watery month, or else the month of 
courage. Pryce says, ** 1 prefer the first." 

OCTOPUS, f. Podlinker, n. 

ODIOUS, adf. Cesadow, w. ; kesadow, p. ; casadow, 
gasadow, w. ; hakere, b.d. 350. Ha hakere es an 
daUeth, and more odious than the beginning, ilb. 

ODOUR, «. Sawor, sawam, w. ; sauam, p. ; savam, b. 

OF, prep. A. Zuen a byii, full of pity, o.m. 2369 ; 

y, i, e, ha, ou, ow, p. ; de, dy, dhe, w. ; rib, ryb, 

worthe, b. 
OF, FROM, TO, AGAINST THEE. Orthys, worthys, 

OF, FROM, TO, AGAINST ME. Orthyf, wor- 

tiyf , w. 
OF, FROM, TO YOU. Ortheuch, worthouch, w. 
OF, FROM, TO, AGAINST US. Orthyn, worthyn, w. 

OF or FROM. The words de, dy, dhe, are late 

Cornish, only compounded with worth, as dyworth, 

from by, w. 
OFFENCE, 8. Nam, p^h, b^h, pachas, b^has, 

pechad, bechad, peh, w. ; pek, b. ; pe, p^th, pehas, 

pehaz, pyas, p. ; peghe, beghas, b. 

OFFEND, f^. Pecha, pech6, becha, beche, peh6, w. ; 
peghy, rebeghy, gamwuly, offendyl, p. ; serry, sorry, 
w. ; sorren, p. ; sdandry, w. ; scally^, p. 

TO BE OFFENDED, v. Serry, sorry, w. ; sorren, p. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 






OFFER, V, G^eiBa, offryn6, w. ; ofbryna, hyrsy, p. 

OFFERED, part: Gyrheffias, gytheffys, b. 

Offering,*, oflryn, w. 

Often. Mencncli, minouch, w. ; menoough. p ; 
menogh, m. 2698. Hebogh why iur na nunogh, 

• without you Barely not often, m. 2693 ; venouch, 
envenouch, w. ; envenongh, b. Pryoe gives has 
lues, lias, and liaz but these seem to be oomponnded 
with tre and Urmen to form the Cornish for often' 
times, q.v, 

OFTENTIMES. Lias-termen, w. ; liaztom, liastre, 
liaz-tre, b. 

Saracen, n. It means the mbbish of the most 
ancient Cornish miners. The word atal, pronounced 
attle, is still much used by miners for what is called 
the *' deads," or rubbish from a mine. 

OFFICE. DUTY, SERVICE, s. Gruyth, dodlos 

(?), w. 

OFFSPRING, s. Ach, {Fl Achow) w. ; aho, p. ; 
ascor, w. ; ascore, c.w. 867. Tn eerten rdg dry 
aseore, certainly to bring offspring, c.w. 857 ; astor, 
B. ; b'nieth, lynnyeth, lynneth, w. Hd lynneth henen 
pup preys, and the offspring of the woman always, 
o.H. 316. 

AN OFFSPRING. Leid, leith, Inyte, p. ; luyth, b. 

OH ! exclam. Oh ! Och ! w. ; Ogh ! p.c. 3021 ; Oyech, 
(an outcry), w. 

OH ! AH ! OH SAD ! OH SAD, SAD ! A syueth ! 
Ogh tru, tru ! 

Suas! Sioas! Repharia! Borlase says Repharia 
was a common exclamation. He seems to mean 
that it was so in his time (circa 1754). Repharia! 
is Re Varia! i.e., "By St. Mary!" The Virgin 
Mary; arear. n. 

OH WOE ! Eychan !, Eyhan !, w. ; Eyghan !, p.c. 

OIL, f. Oel, oleu, w. ; seym, saim, b. Seym and 

saim are the terras used for train-oil. 

OINTMENT, s. Onement, w. Oan$ onement kSr yn 
eerten, with precious ointment certainly, p c. 475 ; 
oynment, unnient. w. ; uncent, p. ; urat, irat, w. ; 
taimant, untye. ylly, b. ; yly, w. 


OLD, adj. C6th, w. ; k6th, cooth, p. ; ooyth, gdth, 
w. ; goath, b. ; goeth, m. 1979 ; c6a, henn, b. ; htn, 
w. ; bean, bane, heny-wys, hennaways, p. 

OLD AGE. lis c6tb, oge c6th, w. ; cdzni, cftthni, b. 

OLD MAN. Dte c6tb, w. 

OLD WOMAN. Gurah, p. 

OLD, OF OLD. Anallod, b. 

OLDER, OLDEST, aij. Kotha. JToMtf Imw, oldest 
language, p. 

OLIVF, f. (The berry). Olew, olewen, w. ; deu, p. 

OLIYE-TRBE, «. Gwedhan elew, oleabren, w. ; gned- 
han oleu, p. 

QMFT, f^. Koilgim« foiUigim, p. 


ON, prep. A, 4r, kt, w. Br the fyth, on thy faith, 
o.M. 1441 ; wtr, w. Wdr heyn eregy^ on pain o( 
hanging, o.k. 2280. Wdr veneth {mmeth), on a 
mountain, o.k. 281 ; ulr, Tir, p. ; yn, y, orth, <»d, 
barh, barth, w. ; bardh, p. ; abertii, abeiredh, aper- 
feth, w. ; aberradh, abemeth, p. 

ON. AWAY. Yn kergh, v. 

ON HIGH. Anch, avan, aban, w. 

ON HIM. Wartho, b. 

ON ME. Ahanaf. w. 

ON THE, A'n. 

ONE. (As a card, num.) Dn, udn, on, idn, ydn, 
w. ; vdn, c.w. 1 1 ; idne, b. ; onan, onen, . onon, w. ; 
uonon, p. ; wonan, wonyn, w. ; wynyn, wonnan, p. 
Wbnnan war iyans, one and twenty, p. 

ONE, s. (An individual, single person or thing). Onan, 
onen, onyn, odn, w. Nay vs dev lemyn (man, thoe ii 
not a God but one, o.M. 1760 ; huny, w. JBrdiki 
by an pub huny, great and small eyery one, m. 267; 
uynyn, p. 

THE ONE (ONE OF TWO). Eil, eyl, w. ; eyll, aa 
eyl, B. ; neil, neyl, neyll, nyl, w. ; an nyl, p. Ms 
a ieyl tolrag an nyh I will bore a hole for the one, 
p.c, 2743 (Nyl ha^n gyle, the one and the other); 
yll, w. ; yld, b. ; cele, geW, w. 

an diew, dieu, an dieu, P. 

ONE ANOTHER. Gilez, w. 

THAT ONE. Henna, honna, w. 

THE ONE THERE. Henna, w. 

ONE OF YOU. Onan a hanough, p. 

ONE-EYED. adj. Kuick, b. ; ydn lagadzhac, w. ; ydn 
lagadzhak, p. 

ONE-HORN, f. (One homed animal). Ynikom, i. 

ONE HUNDRED. Kana, p. ; cans^ w. 

ONE JOT. TAbm, tlm. 

ONE BESIDE HIMSELF. Guan ascient, b. 

ONE-MINDED, adf. Ynfsriieys, k. 2982. Vnforheyt 
hepar del dn, one-minded as we are> m. 2982. 

sach-diayol, p. 

ONE'S OWN. Eiddo, b. 

Digitized by 





ONE'S SELF. Honon, honan, honyn, w. 

ONE SIDE. Nyl tenewan, p. 

ONCE. XJnweth, enweth, w. ; unwith, p. ; ynwyth ; 
TD wytb, ax. 685. Uyn veys a queUen vn toyth, gladly 
I would see once, o.m. 685. 

AT ONCE, SOON. Wharre, ware, warre, w. ; in 
8c6n. K. 4563. Pyhoryon toethugh in »c6n^ pipers 
blow at once, m. 4563 ; piirdyson, m. 4533. A ra 
oma pHrdyion, will make here at once, M. 4533. 

ONCE MORE. Arte, w. 

ONLY. Ednaky ednac, en ednak, w. ; nuel, b. ; saw, 
w. ; sau, gew, gjn, b. 

OPEN, V. Agory,^ agery« w. ; agheri, b. ; ageri, p. ; 
egery, egyry, ygery, w. ; ygory, r.d. 632; ugery, 
w. ; egom, ageron, b. ; agory, gorow, w. ; gorou, 
uger p. ; daAcndhe, dyscndhe, dyswedhy, dyswedha, 
disquedha. dysquedhas, dialwhedhe, dyalwhedhe, w. 

OPENED, pari. Agerys, egery s, w. ; ageris, agores, 

HE OPENED. Agor^s. The preterite of ayory, to 
open, w. 

OPEN, a<i^\ Apert, lawn, w. ; leas, lees, 1^. leys, p. 
AhyHf wide open, m. 1256 ; ryth, w. ; rydh, p. Itydh 
was pronounced reeth, in Pryce's time (circa 1790). 

AN OPEN PLACE IN A WOOD. Lanherch, w. 

PARTLY OPEN. (As of a door). Asam, n. 

OPENLY, adv. Awheyl, w. ; apert, p. 

OPINION, ». Tybyans. tybians, tibians, w. ; tibianz, 
p. ; cyhudhasy cuhudhas, gyhudhas, gyhydas, gydhas, 
gydhaz, b. 

OPPORTUNITY. *. Ahozon {PL Ahozonow), w. ; 
anzaoue, b. ; dajGEar, (PL Daver), w. ; gwyth, guyth, 
gw^th, b. 

OPPOSE. V. Dygnaa, w 

OPPOSED, AVERSE, adj. Destotha, p, 

OPPOSING. Dygnas. dygnas, were opposing, b. 

OPPOSITE, adj. Vyrorth, w. 

OPPRESS, V, Oorlene, worlen^, p. 

OR. Po, pe, pi, w. ; py, bo, p. Py yn «om, or in a 
comer, b.d. 5^9. Pynah ho lettryi py Uk, whether 
he be lettered or lay, p.c. 681. 

OR ELSE. Pocen, poken, w. ; boken, n. Bo km 
deaul yWy or else he is a devil, b.d. 2104. 

ORATION, i. Areth, w. ; progath, pregoth, b. 

ORATOR, B. Dadloyer, w. ; dadloyar, p. ; dathluur, 
w. ; dathelnar, p ; satheluur, b. ; pregowther, pro- 
gowther, progouthf r, progathar, w. 

ORCHARD, *. Dzham, w. ; dzam, b. It simply 
means garden. 

ORDAIN, V. Ordene, ordeyne. ordyne, ordne, w. ; 
ordnes, ordnys, ordnen (?), p. 

ORDAINED, part, Ordnys, o.m. 92 ; omys, c.w. 907 ; 
om^s. c.w. 1015. i4*n ven eowethii ordnyn^ of the 
true helpmate ordained, o.m. 92. 

ORDER, V. Orden^, ordeyne, ordyn6, ordne, w. ; ord- 
nes, ordnys, ordnen (?), p. 

ORDER, RULE, v. Rewl^, rewlye, rowlia, w. 

ORDER, CO.M MAND, v. Ryghthe, b. See also COM- 

ORDER, 9. (Form). Composter. Sa dhera an nottr 
heh eompotteTf and the earth was without form (order), 

ORDER, s. (A rule, rule, government). Rowl, red, 


ORDERLY, adf. Rewlys, p.c. 2441. Fna retolyt o an 
b$yitf there the world was orderly, p.c. 2411. 



ORE. 8. (?). ORE OF NO WORTH or USE. Podar, 

p. ; halvan, n. 

bona, carbonas, m6r, more, maur, n. 



or whipsy-derry, n. 
ORE-WEED, *. (Sea-Weed). Gumman, gubman, p. 

ORNAMENT, «. (An ornament). Casmai, b. ; kas- 

mai. PoltoheU. 
ORPHAN, adj. Omthevap. TiU omthevMy orphan folk, 

M. 1827. 
OSIER, i. Ausillen, b. 
OTHER. Cto, k^n, kyn, cyn, gftn, w. ; keen, p. ; 

h^n, arall, w. ; araU n, ; k^n scyle, b. ; gyle, yben, 

ybeyn, by been, n. My a dyl tol rak hybeen, 1 will 

bore a hole for the other, K. 

ONE AND THE OTHER. Nyl ha gyte, ir. 

THE OTHER ONE (OF TWO). Yb^n, hybAn, w. ; 
hybeen, p.c. 2749 ; ybeyn, P.c. 2826. 

OTHER THAN GOOD. K^n ysda, p. 

THE OTHER SIDE. Parh aral, barth aral, p. 

OTHERS. Erel, n. ; erell, eraill, w. 

OTHERWISE. Nah^n, w. ; nahean, c.w. 1024. 

Nynius naMn, it is not otherwise, m. 3628 ; poc^n, 

poken, pyc^n. w. ; bok^n, gweyth, wank^n, p. ; kte 

(See OTHER) c.w. 1123, KSn na bredar, think not 

otherwise, c w. 1123. 
OTTER, s. Dour-chi, p. , dourgi, durgi, deuergy, b. ; 

dovergi, p. ; dhofergi, b. ; doferghi, dofergi, devergi, 

w. Zit. Water-dog. Towan, b. 
OUGHT. Couth, cothe, gothe, goth, p. ; deve, ffylly, 

gew, gyu, gorthyn, gorweythy, b. 

Digitized by 





I OUGHT. Delev, delon, mi a dhelon, w. ; gosee, 
gwesta, p. 

THOU OUGHTEST. Deliz, ti a dheU, w. 

0UGHTE8T. Dayl, dalt, doUe, b. 


HE OUGHT. Dele, ev a dhyK , w. 

SHE OUGHT. Delveth, w. 

IT OUGHT. E dAl, w. ; rays, r^z, rethy, p. Re 
rethy feryfyn, it ought to be written, P. 

OUGHT TO. D0I08, p. 

OUGHT TO BE. Doleth, p. 

YE OUGHT. Why d41, w. 

OUGHT NOT. Ny goth. 

OUR. pron. An, en, gan, w. ; gen, p. ; ghen. b. ; gyn, 
p. ; ;:hyn, b. ; gon, p. ; gun. Gun ehaz, our health; 
zen. Zen enevouy to our souls, b. ; ageD, agan, p. ; 
agyn, w. 

AND OUR. Haw6, p. 

TO OUIJ. Dagan, p. ; nei. Epitaph in Paul Church- 

OURSELVES. A gan honan, hagan honan, p. ; 
omwetha. c.w. 1047. Futla wren omwetha hew^ 
how shall we keep ourselyes alive ? c.w. 1047. 

TO OURSELVES. Dho pyn honan, p. 

OUSEL, 8. Moleh, mola, w. 


OUT. (As in play). The- wary, b. 

OUT OF. A, ador, w. ; dort, dho ort, dhort, e, p. ; 
mes, yn mes, ir. 

OUTCRY. «. Garm, scrymba, skrymba, w. ; oyech, 
oyex, B. 

OUTLAW, *. Adla, w. 

OUTSIDK. OUT, OUT OF DOORS. Ynmes, b. ; yn 
meys, yn meas, yn m^z, p. ; yn mes, m£s, b. ; am^s, a 
v^s, w. ; a vease, aver, p. ; ves, vez, b. ; dyveas, w. 
Da yu yn mis d >llo brdn, it is good to send out a 
crow, OM. 1099. Tynneugh yn mSs agan temple , 
drag out of our temple, oh. *if)98. Eughyn mie a 
thynympye, go outside immediately, o.m. 818. 
Greugh y tenni mie a^n dour^ drag him out of the 
water, m d. 2232. 

OUTWARD, adj. Vte. Gweal an vh, the outward 
(outer) field, b. 


OVEN, *. Fom, vom, w. ; tern, b. (? fern). 

OVER. Drfts, w. ; drftz, p. ; dreys, w. ; dreyz, p. ; 
drys, drei^, dris, w. ; dris, p. Oto mde dris pow, 
going ever the country, b.d. 1511 ; destrias, b. Dee* 
trias enefou, over souls, b. ; tra, w. 

OVER. (Above, on high). Auch, w. ; augh, p. Augh 
y pen, over his head, p. ; a nch, w. ; a-n^. v. A- 

ugh y pen, over his head, p.c. 2808 ; a-hugh, p. ; 
ahugh, O.M. 37. My a set ahugh a^n gvyeth, I plaoe 
them over the trees, o.m. 87 ; ayuh, p. ; uch, huch, 
w. ; uge, B. ; iuh, euh, yuh, <is, yiis, w. 

OVER. Tre, tra, w. A particle used in composition, 
as tremeneSy to pass over. Tra mor, beyond the sea, 
w. It answers to the Latin tran$y w. 

OVER AND ABOVE. Whath, -hwath, huath, wefli, 
w. ; what, p. ; worthe, B. 

OVER HIM or IT. Dresto, w. 

OVER ME. Drc^sof, warof, w. 

OVER THEM. Uamodhe, uamydzh^z, p. 

OVERCOME, r. Fethe, fethy, frethy, w. ; wharfethy. 
p. ; krongkia, terhi, B. 

OVERCOME, part. Fythys, gwithys, contreweytys, 


HE WILL OVERCOME. Feeth, 3 pers. s. fut. of 
futhyy to overcome, w. 

OVERFLOWING, adj. Gymps, gempes, gympcs, 

gympe, p. 
AN OVERFLOWING W ELL. Fenton gymps, p. 
OVERHANGING, adj. Cr&c. crok, w. 

OVER-LAX, adj. Relogh, m. 3797. Maria re a/ 
reUghy Mary I have been overlax, M.^797. 

OVERMUCH, adv. Ree, m. 3328- Ny re evee ree, we 
have drunk overmuch, m. 3828. 

OVER-RIPE, adf. Rees. reez, n. 

OVER.SEER, *. Mair. B. 

OVERTHROW, v. Umhely, ommely, w. ; dyswul, 
dyswel, dyswrey, dho diswrug, diswreys, dyswmthyl, 
dyswythyl, tystrywy, p. 

OVERTURN, r. Umhely, ommely, w. 

OWE, r. Dyndyly, w. ; dely, delly, dylly, doly, delov, 
delon, p. 

OWL, 8. Ula, w. ; hule, stich, tyllian, b. 
OWN, V. Pew, bew, w. 
TO BE OWNER OF. Bywfy, w. 
OWING, DUE, adj. Devar, p. 
OWNED, part. Abewe, p. 

OWNER, 8. Perhen, berhen, w. ; perhenek, m. 16; 
perhennek, P.O. 2762. if ay fo perhenek (;perhesmBk) 
gwlaiou), that he may be owner of countries, m. 16. 
An harlot foul y berheny the knave, foul his owner, fX, 
2112. Ty losel y perheny thou knave, foul his owner, 
p.c. 2762. 

OX, «. Odion, odgan, udzheon, w. ; odshon, ohan, b. ; 
oh, w ; been, bowen, p. ; buch, biuch, byuh, ba, b. ; 
gale, D. 

A YOUNG OX. Lodn, yweges, w. 

OX-EYE, *. (Plant). Gadjefraus, w.f.p. 

Digitized by 





OX-SHOE, *. One, d. 
OTSTEB, #. Efitren, w. 
OTSTER^PAT. Culch, p, 


'*This letter in Cornish is both a radical initial and 

When primary it changes into b and ph (generally 

written /), as in the other Celtic dialects. Thus^^, 

a head ; y ben, his head ; aw fm^ my head. 
When secondary, p in Cornish is a mutation of b. 

Thus bewi^ to live ; ow pew^, living." w. Lex. Corn. 

PACE, «. (In going). Cam, w. Ma herdho garow y 

earn, that he go at a rough pace, p.c. 1197. 
PAGE, *. (Of a book). Enep, enap, w. ; eneb, tyme- 

huan livan, p. 
PAID. (Settled). Pfts. b. ; pys, tylys, w. The part. 

of pea and taly. 
PAIN, V. Peyn6, peyny6, w. ; peyny^B. 

PAIN, *. Angus, B, ; ancen, anken, w. Ty a fyth 
cowal ankenfitjM pain shall be to thee, p.c. 2530 ; 
poan, poen, pyn, payn, peyn, beyn, w. ; byn, p. ; 
leyn, glous, p. ; gloys, glos, w. 

A DULL HEAVY PAIN. Goal, joul, n. 

PAINS, 9. Poenow, ponow, peynys, w. ; penys, penas, 
B. ; feynys, w. ; fynys, p.c. 46 ; thewsys, b. 


PAINED, part. Peynys, poenys, w. ; poenis, r. 

PAINFUL, adj. (Keen, sharp, tight, strait), Tyn, 
dyn, w. 

PAINFUL, adj. (Mentally). Tidden, n. 

PAINFULLY, adv. Yn tyn, w, Cryit agan prennas 
yn iyn, Christ received us painfully, p.i>. 1204. 

PAINT, f . Liumelet. b. 

PAINT, V. Line. w. 

PAINTER, f. (Pictor, Lat.) Liuor, w. 

PAIR or COUPLE, t. Dew, dhew, dyw, dhyw. See 

PALACE, f . L^, lys, lis, plis, tour, tur, w. ; telhar, 
tyller, p. {PI. Telario, p.); thour, o.m. 2110. JRav 
thy's ov thour f I will give thee my palace, o.m. 2110. 

PALATE, «. Stefenic, stevnig, stevaio, w. ; guarhaz 
ganou, p. ; guarhas ganow, w. Lit. The top of the 

PALE, «. (Post or stake). Sticedn, w. 

PALE, adf. Gwyn, gwidn, w. ; guin, guidn, p. 

PALE, V, (To grow pale). Glasc w. 

PALENESS, i. Gloys, p. ; gluys, b. 

an dom, w. ; torandom, b. 

PALM-SUNDAY, *. Dinsyl blegyow, i.e., the Sunday 
of boughs, p. 

PALMER, s. Palmor, w. 

PALPITATION, *. (Of the heart). Puloolan, b. 

PAN, i. Padel, padal, w. 


stugg, D. 

PANCAKE, s. Crampedhan, crampodhan, crampessaUi 
w; krampothan, p. 

PANG, *, Galar, gelar, gloys, loys, gl68, w. ; glous, 
p. ; glovs, p.c. 1147. Ma an glove dre ow colon^ there 
is a pang through my heart, p.c. 1147. 

PANNIER, 8. Kiguer, p. 

PANT, V. Dyene, tyene, w. Del eeof ov iyeni, I was 

panting, p.c. 2511. 
PANTRY,*. Talgel, w. 

PAP, f . Bron, brodn, w. ; brun, b. ; t^th, w. ; tidi, 
tidy, p. 

A LITTLE PAP. Tethan. '* Give the child some 
tiddy," is a phrase still used in Comwsdl. 

PAP, i. (Baby's food). Jot, p 

PAPER, 8. Papar. w. 

PARADISE, f. Paradys, parathys, w. 

PARAMOUR, *. Vanah, b. 

PARASITE, ». Boawhoc, p. ; boayok, bohauok, bow- 
hoc, bauhoc, uayvok, pilecur, vilekur, b. j wilecur, 

PARCHED, part. Sechys, seghys, sychys, syhys, 
sehys, zehys, sechys, syches, p. 

PARCHMENT, 8. Parchemin, w. ; parkemmin, pair- 
chemin, parshmennen, b. 

Parkmennik, b. 

PARDON, V. Gafe, givia, gava, w. ; geve, prunny, p. 

HE MAY PARDON. Affo, a mutation of gaffo, 3 
pers s. subj. of gafd, to pardon, w. 

PARDON, 8. Gevyans, w. Arluth gevyane thu^m ene^ 
Lord, pardon to my soul, o.h. 2249; gefyans, 
gyvyans, w. ; gyffyans, k.b. 1159; gevy ons, B. 
givians, trumeth, trumyth, p. 

PARDONED, part. Gevys, gefys, givys, gyfys, w. ; 
prunnys, b. 

PARE, 8. (A gang of workmen). Par, w. This 
word is in common use among Cornish miners. 

PARENTAGE, *. Deskes, p. ; goys, guydh, gudzh, b. 

PARING, 8. (As of an apple). Plisg, plj sg, b. 

PARISH, 8. Plu, pleu, plow, blii, w. ; bleu, b. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




PARISH-PRIEST, s. Oferiat, hebreuciat phui, b. 

PARK, s. Pare, w. 

PARLOUR, *. Parledh, parleth, b. 

PARSNIP, s. Panan, w. PL Panes, w. ; panez, p. 

WILD PARSNIP. KAger, kai-ger, keggas, d. See 

PARSNIP or CARROT, s. Caretye, b. («>.) See 

PARSON, *. Prounder, pronter, praonter, proenter, 
w. ; praunter. p. ; prontir, pander, b. See PARISH- 

PART or DIVIBE, v. Parri, parhy, barri, barby, w. 

PART or SHARE, r. Ranne, w. 

PART, SHARE or PORTION, t. Ran, radn, w. ; 
petb, peyth, b. ; darn, m. 2476. 

PART. PIECE, or BIT, «. Dt41, w. ; tSm, t4bm, 
tAn, p. ; p^z, piz, b. 

PART, SIDE or DIVISION, *. Partb, parb, w. ; 
part, bartb, p. 

PART, PLACE, or REGION, «. Tii, tew, w. ; 
gwytbres, b. 

PARTLY, IN PART. En din, enrtldn, w. 

ON THE PART. Abarh, abartb, w. 

PARTIAL, adj\ Pers, w. ; kambinsek, b. 

PARTICLE, *. (A small piece). Temmig, temig. 
demig. w. See BIT. 

PARTI-COLOURED, adj\ Britb, bruit, w. ; brytb, b. 

PARTICULAR, adj. Annesec, w. 

IN PARTICULAR. En anuesek, w. 

PARTICULARLY. Enwedbec, enuedzbek, w.; 
demigon, yn demigou, b. 

PARTRIDGE, *. Gregor, w. ; grigear, grygiar, b. ; 
grrgyer, p. ; grugyer, w. ; corgark, p. ; girgiric, 
girgirik, gyrgiric, w. ; gyrgirik, p. 

PARTY, FACTION, *. Herwytb. p. 


PASS. V. Tremene, dremene, w. J^f/ns y« y the 
tremens, before tbat they pass. o.M. 1634. 

TO PASS OVER. Tremene, dremen^, w. JTywj y* 
y frem&nS an mdr ruyth^ before tbat tbey pass (oyer) 
the red sea, o.h. 1634. 

PASS, V, (Go, flow, rusb, run). Redec, resec, resek, 
w. ; rees, p. 

P.\SS, V. (Go, come, proceed). Garras, b. 

TO PASS SENTENCE, v, Brugy, brusy, vrusy, w. 

PASSAGE. ROAD, WAY, s, F6r, v6r, fdrdb, v6rdb, 
ferdb, f6rtb. tremvn, tremene, tremain, p. ; tru- 
macb, M. 1075. The toeUs thymmo tru-maoh^ to seek 
for me a passage, k. 1075. Tremyn^ tremene^ tremain^ 

more correctly mean a crossing or passing place, tlid 
truimachf as in tbe above quotations, tbe jouraflgr 
itself over a road or way. 



PASSING-BELL, *. CnU, cniU, clil. b. 

PASSOVER, EASTER, s. Pasc, w. ; pask, p.; 
pascfti, w. 


PAST. Byas, p. Nangeto re hyae hlethen, not this 
many past years, p. ; passiez, part, b. 

PASTE, B, Glut, w. 

PASTE. «. (In mining). Toas, b. In tbe Armoric, 
language, toa^ez, a kneeding-trougb, wbence, sajs 
Borlase, tbe pbrase used by miners, to tooi, or tote, 
i.e., to sbake tbe tin (in tbe form of paste or slime) 
to and fro, to cleanse it of tbe eartb. 

PASTIME, s. Cboary. PL Cboarion, w. 

w. ; gueruelzy p. ; bounder, vounder, w. 

PORK-PASTY, *. Hogen. w. ; began, boggan, fug- 
gan, p. Tbe same is used for a flat cake ; called now 
a hohhin, wben of tbe sbape of a pasty ; wben flat, 
a dinner-cake. 

PATCH, V. aouty, b.d. 1509. Chutye gam dmn 
pannoWf patcbed with divers clotbs, b.1). 1509. 

fad, B. 

PATENT, A PATENT, s. Guarac, w. ; guarack, p. 

PATER or PATERNOSTER, *. Pader, w. ; padar, b. 

PATHWAY, COURSE. PASS, s. Arrez, b.; cam- 
men, w. ; kammen, p. ; riit, male, b. 

PATIENCE, 9. Perthyans, b. 

PATRIARCH. *. Hubeltat, w. ; buweltat, b. ; threo- 
daz, p. 

PATTEN or ALTAR-PLATE, s. Engurbor, w. 

PAUNCH, 8. B61, w. ^ agan, b. (Tbe Cornish now 
call tbe stomach of a pig, agan). Gasen, m. 8927. 
Gv(tk yv thym an pengasen, empty have I the end of 
the paunch, m. 3927. 

PAVEMENT, A PAVEMENT, *. Lear, 1^, leor, 
luer, 16r, lor, w. 

PAVED WAY or STREET, *. Rew, ru, w. 

PAVILION, 8. Scowa, w. ; gulscouua, p. 

PAW, 8. Paw, baw. w. 

PAY, V. Taly, d&l, w. ; pea, b. 

PAY FOR, TO PAY FOR, v. Prenn^, prynny, w,; 
pryne, prenna, pem6, p. 

HE WILL PAY. Til, dalvyth,. Dalvyth is a mu- 
tation of tahyth, 8 pers. s. fut. of taiy, to pay, w. 

Digitized by 





FAY YE. Telywch, 2 pers. pi. imp. of taly, to 
pay, w. 

Degevy, p. 

PAYMENT, f. Pemet, b. (? pemet); gtbyr, o.m. 
2687. AgoB gohyr eredy^ your payment surely, 
O.H. 2587. 

PEACE, #. Oris, cieys, w. ; creez, p. Qom er4» thyn 
yn n«p iv, allow peace to us on every side, o.k. 
1598; cesoleth, kesoletb, cysolath, oyzaleth. w. ; 
kysalath. p. ; h^dh, hMwch, w. See TRANQUIL- 

TO BE AT PEACE. HIdhy, w. 

FEACEABLENE8S, «. Cesoleth, kesoleth, cysolath, 
oyzaleth, w. ; kyzalath, kyzauleth, b. See TRAN- 

PEACOCK, #. Paun, payou, w. ; payn, p. 

PEAHEN, «. Payn^ w. ; payness, b. 

PEAK or PROMONTARY, «. Gol, w. See also 

PEAR, f. Peran. Fl. P^, w. 

PEAR-TREE, t. Perbren, gwedhan peran, w. 

PEAS, PULSE, f. Pis, p6z, w. {Steer, Cott. Ms.) 

PEA CODS. «. Cuthu pk, cuthu pte, w. ; kuthu 
pea, b. 

PEAT.LAND,«. Rds, w. 

PEBBLE, #. Bilien, p.; cellester (? a flint), w. ; 
grouanen, p. ; mean byan {Lit A small stone), b. ; 
totty, D. 

PEBBLE, f . (A mass of pebbles). Treas, p. 

PEDAGOGUE, «. Maister mebion, w. 

PEDESTAL. *. Dulw, b. 

PEDIGREE, #. Abo, p. 

PEDIGREES, f. A ho, w. ; more correctly aAotr, the 
pi. of aeh, w. 

PEDLER or PEDDLER, t . Goccor, gwicur, w. See 

PEEL, V. Pylse, o.m. 2704. 3/e a pyU4 the pen hloyh, 
I would peel thy blockhead, o.k. 2704. 

PEEL or SKIN, t. Cen, w. 

PEER, A PEER, «. (Nobleman). Brodit, guahalech, 
w. ; guahalegh, p. ; guahalegeh, b. ; luder, p. ; lyder, 

PEER, r. (To stare about). Gake, geke, n. 

PEER, f. (Match, fellow, equal). Par, w. 

PEER or PEEP, t. Geek, n. 

PEG. ». Ebil, obiL PI Ebyl (?), w. Sd'y faetie 
yant ebylpren, and fasten it with pegs of wood, p.c. 
1563 ; pidn, w. ; spillan, p. 

PELISSE, f. Pellist, w. 

PEN, #. Pluven, pl3rven, blyven, w. ; pluuen, b. PL 
PlAv, w. ; pliv, plyv, p. 

PENANCE, *. Penys, w. ; penaz. b. ; pynys, ir. 1 64. 
Penyi a reys penance is necessary, p.c. 43. 

TO DO PENANCE, v, Penys, w: 

PENCE, i. Dyenar, b. 

PENETRATE, v. Gwan6, w. ; tardhe, croppye. 

PENETRATING, adj. Glow, w. 


PENINSULA. X. Enys, ones, yn6s, w. ; ynez, p. ; 
ennis, ince, w. 

PENIS, s, Cal, w. ; kal, p. {Samertt, Cal. Penetrare, 
Lot.) tusy p. 

PENITENTIAL HYMN. Ancenec, ankenek, w. 
/Jysk thy*mmo vn ankenek^ teach me a penitential 
hyiun, O.K. 2256. 

PENKNIFE, e. CelliHc, w. ; kellilic, collel, p. ; 
coltel, B. 

PENNY, «. Dinair, dinar, dynar, dynnar, diner, 
dyner, w. PL Dyenar, b. 

PENNYLESS, (U^'. Ligan, b. The Cornish use the 
word penny-liyyan, meaning one who is pennyless. 


Ligan, b. 

PENNY-ROYAL, «. {Mentha puleyium. Lai.) 

Orgal, n. 
PENRYN, «. Preen, n. 
PENSION, *. Pencion, b. 
PENSIVE, adj. Prederys, priderys, prydeiys, w. 
PENTICOST, f . Pencast, w. ; penkast, p. 

PEOPLE, «. Popel, pobel. w. ; pobl. On an epitaph in 
Paul Churchyard ; poble, p. ; pobyl, bobyl, w. ; bo- 
bl, p* ; bobel, o.m. 1815. A idn a^n debet hohel, at 
the noise of the wicked people, o.m. 1816; tiis, p. ; 
t(iz, B. ; tues, tis, w. ; tiz, ties, tees, this, p. ; diis, w. ; 
diiz, B. ; dues, c.w. 1499 ; dis. An dis^ the people. 
An dh, the people, w. ; d^z, dees, b. 

(r^-na). w. ^ r^-na a warthebyi, Ihenu yw a*n eaf" 
fane ny, those there answered, it is Jesus whom we 
would take, m.c. 67 (w). Tdi, tues, &c., were used 
for the plural of dSn^ a man, w. 

moragiks, merasicks, d. 

PERCEIVE, V. Adzhan. whow, whyrvyth, p. ; erryr, 
B. ; clewas, clowas. clewes, aswon, w. 

I PERCEIVE. Adzhan, azwen. These are oorruptions 

of aswon, to perceive, w. 
PERFECT, adf, (In perfection). Perfyth, perf^th, 

perfeyth, pyerfyth, w. 

Digitized by 





w. ; uze, oze, p. ; ooz. 

PERFECT, ad/. (Entire, complete, fall). Cowal, 
gowal, conl, w. ; coual, coule, trom. Trom dyal, a 
perfect deluge, p. 

PERFECT, adj. (Whole, sound). Dyen, tyen, w. ; 
tyan, p. 

PERFECT, adf. (Fine). Fyn. w. 

PERFECT, adj. (Open, unconcealed). Apert, w. 
D^ apert ha mear y ras, a man perfect, and much his 
grace, m.c. 243, (w.) 

PERFECTION, «. (The folfilment, the accomplish- 
ment). Coweras, w. 

PERFORATE. /. (Or bore through). Telly, tolly, 
tulla, tylly, w. 

PERFORATED, adj\ (Holed). Tollec, w. ; tollek, b. 

PERFORATION, t. Toll, tol, towl, teul, w. See 

PERFORM, V. (In a play). Gware, gwary, w. ; 
guare, p. ; huar6, b. 

PERHAPS, adv. Martesen, w. In ur-na martesen^ 
in that hour perhaps, p.c. 2870 ; tezen, p. ; mar 
tesen, p.c. 2451. Mar tesen vyth yn y vrys, if 
perhaps any, in his judgment, p.c. 2541. 

PERIL, *. Antell, p. ; perill, peryl, feryl, w, 


oys, huis, oge, oydge, w. 

PERIWINKLE, *. Gwihan, w. ; guihan, guihian, p. ; 
gwean, quean, d. See SCALLOP. 

PERIWINKLE SHELL. Guihan, p. ; gwean, quean, 
n. See SCALLOP. 

PERMISSION or CONSENT, *. Cesenyans, w. ; ke- 
senyanz, p. ; cummeas, cummyas, gummyas, w. Zuen 
yummyas yma thy^mmOf there is to me full permission, 
o.n. 410 ; cemeas, kemeas, cummyes, cymmyas, kym- 
myas, w. ; erodh, p. 

PERMIT, V. Gasa, gase, w, ; gesy, gyssy. gosheuy, 
p. ; rhei an guellai b. 

PERMITTED, part. Gesys, w. 

PERPLEXITY, s. Fyenas, w. ; crum a grakl, goss, 

PERSECUTE, V. flella, helhia, heUyrchy, w. 

PERSECUTOR, s. Helhiat, w. ; helyiat, helyad, hel- 
yur, B. ; helhwar, hellier, p. 

Staver, n. 


A STUPID PERSON. Tut. This really means a 

WISE PERSONS. Kefyon, cufyon, v. 

PERSONS or THINGS. The woid w, so often used 
in Cornish, means persons or things, thus : — An re- 
ma yu oberyt, these (things) are made. Cafiu re me 

a vyn, take those (persons) 1 will. An keth re-na, 
these same (men). The wruthyl yarn an re-na^ to do 
with them, k. 

PERSPIRE, V. Hwesa, hwesy, wes^, wesy, wheys, 

PER> PI RATION, «. Wheys, whys, hwts, hues, w.; 

huez, p. ; hallus, b. 
PERSUADE, r. (Draw, induce). Tenn6. Mar a 

eanaf y tennis if I can him persuade; daiyvas, 

dharyyas, p. 

PERSUADED, part. Gallons, b. ; gelles. Earn geOk, 
I am persuaded ; laaasos. Me a pyth a lamfotf I 
thee pray be persuaded, p. 

PERT, adj. Corrat, n. ** As corrat as Crocker's mare." 
Prov. iSayiny. Toit, n. 

PERVADE, r. Tardhe, w. 


PERVERSE, adj\ Cam, cham, cabm, gam, ham, w. 


p. ; pla, w. 
PETER, *. Pedyr, Peder, w. 
PETITION, *. Desif, p. ; desyf, b. ; orphenniai, p. 
PETTICOAT, *. Peis, pens, w. ; kota, b. 
PEWTERER, i. Stynnar, p. 
PHALLUS, «. Cil, kil, B, 

PHANTOM, 8. Tarofan, taros&n, tamjtuan, w.; 
tamutuan, p. ; tarosvan, m. 2566. Hdy nytyv «idi 
tarowan^ for it is nothing but a phantom, m. 2566. 


PHEASANT, *. Feesont, p. ; flEesont, b. 

PHLEBOTOMY, : Dilla gud«h, w. ; dylla guyah, 

B. • 

PHOSPHORESENCE, «. (Of the sea). Brime, breem, 


PHYSIC, *. Medhecnaid, mydhygyeth, w. 

PHYSICIAN, *. Medhec, medhek, methec, w, ; Tet- 
hek, M. 4245 ; methik, medhik, p. Eff yv the vethd 
certen, he is thy physician certainly, m. 4245. 

PICK. Pigol, w. ; piggal, n. 

A DOUBLE MINE PICK. Tubbal, b.t. 

PICKMAN, s. (In a mine). Spaliard, spadiaid, spil- 

lier, D. 
PICTURE or PRETENCE, «. Kaiider, b, 
PIE, i. Krampez. Oil krampez Vavalou, to make an 

apple pie, b, 
PIE-CRUST, *. Nugan, nogen, hogan, b. Boriase 

also uses these terms for a loal of bread. 

PIECE, MORSEL or BIT, : Brewyonen, w.; lao- 
uian, b. ; dam. Mil dam, a thousand pieces ; drUf 
tim, tdbm, p^g, w. ; piz, p. See also BIT aod 

Digitized by 






A SMALL PIECE. Frdth, mican, mikan, b. ; p«g, 
w. ; didjan, midjan, mijum, d. 

PIECES, «. Brewyon, &.r. 126. 01 the hrewffm, all 
to pieces, &.d. 1893 ; thamou. 01 the thamou, all to 
pieces, b. ; tymmyn (the pi. of tdm), dymmyn, w. 
Ov holan ol the dymmyn^ my heart all to pieces, O.K. 
i557 ; jowds, jowders, b. 

ALL TO PIECES. DowstoU, dewscol (?), w. ; jowds, 
jowders, b. 

L PIECE OF WOOD. Prennyer, prenyer, p. 

PIECES OF WOOD. Prynner, prynnyer, w. 

PIECEMEAL, a^, Anuezek, en anuezek, demigou, 
en demigou, p. 

PIECE BY PIECE. Dril ha dr&l, o.m. 2782. Sa 
teuieugh e drdl ha drdl, and cast it piece by piece, 
O.M. 2782. 

PIED or SPECKLED, adf, Brith, w. ; bryth, b. ; 
bmit, w. 

PIERCE, V. Gwane, wane, w. Pan wylye vy y wani^ 
when I saw them pierce him, b.b. 481 ; gwana, c.w. 
1971; wana, c.w. 1997; tardhe, w. ; tardha, p.; 
grupye, telly, tolly, tuUa, tylly, w. ; sanqua, b, 


HE WILL PIERCE. W4n, a mutation of gtoan, 8 
pers. s. fat. of gwaniy to pierce, w. 

HE SHOULD PIERCE. Whan^, a mutation of 
gwaniy 3 pers. s. subj. of ywanS, to pierce, w. 

PIERCED, part. Qwenys, gwynys, w. ; guenys, 
gnenys, b. 

PIERCER, f. Tarad, tardar, w. 

PIO, «. Hoch, h6h, w. ; moch, yerr^s, b. 

A LITTLE PIG. Porchel, w. ; porhal, b. ; slip, n. 


A MALE PIG. Baedh, bahet, w. ; baeth, b. See 

PIQ8, s. Moch, moh, w. ; mdgh, o.k. 1065. Mergh 
gmrthek mdgh ha devSs, horses, cattle, pigs, and 
sheep, O.M. 1065 ; porelli, p. 

PIGS' KIDNEY FAT. Flair, n. 

PIGEON, f . Colom, w. ; kolom, p. ; golom, b. ; 
colommen, cylobman, w. ; kylomman, kylobman, p. ; 
kydhon, b. An golom, the pigeon, p. 

PIGEON-HOUSE, *. Clomiar, w. ; klomiar, p.; 
dymiar, w. ; klymiar, klymmiar, p. 

PIG-STY, f , Crow-m6h, w. ; krow mow, p. ; krou 
m6h, B. 

PIKE or JACK, «. (Fish). Denshoc dour, b. 
Williams applies this name to a hake, which Pryce 
and Borlase call a denjaek. See HAKE. 

PILCH or PELISSE, #. Pellist, w. 

A LEATHER PILCH. Pellistgiir, b. 

PILCHARD, I. Htman, w. ; lean, llean, b. 
PILCHARDS, f. H^m. Fan a prist rdg himf 

What price for pilchards?; aUec, b. AUec is a 

general term also for herrings, b. 


Lit, Fesaeh, rotten. 
PILGRIM, *. Palmor. Fl Palmoryion, p. 

PILOT, f. Leuuit, lewyidh, lewiader, w. ; leuiader, 

p. ; leui(it, leuyidh, brenniat, brennyat, b. 
PILLAGE, V. Ladra, laddre, w. ; lyttry, p. 
PILLAGER, *. Lader, w. ; ladar, p. 

PILLAGERS, s. Ladron, laddron, w. ; ladran, ladh- 
ran, laddam, p. 

PILLAR, «. Post, pos, poz, w. 

PILLIS, s, Whiggian, b. This appears to be the. 
name of the seed of the aoena nuda^ or naked oat, 
also called the bald oat. The Cornish still use the 
word pUHs. 

PILLOW or BOLSTER CASE, s. SHp, n. (?) 

PIMPLE, s. Cynac, kyriak, w. ; gwenan, guenan, b. 

PIN or PEG, «. See PEG and NAIL. 

PIN, 8. Skinan, p. scinan, scinen, w. 

PIN-BONES, THE HIP BONES, #. Gulbredengu, b. 

PINCERS, f . Gevel, w. ; turques, b. 

PINE, V. Ymwedh^, w. 

PINE, *. (Tree). Sibuit, saban, aaban, pin, pinbren, 

gwedhan pin, w. 
PINE-CONE, f . Aval saban, aval zaban, w. ; avelza- 

ban, B. Lit. Pine apple; guedhan peran, p. Lit. 

Tree pear. 

PINNACLE,*. PenakylB. 

PIPE, *. (Tube). Pib, canel, b. Tdp an caml, the 
pipe and its peg, b. ; wib, w. ; piban, b. ; peban, 
w. ; pibonoul, b. ; biban, w. ; lituen, combiican, b. 

A LITTLE PIPE. Piben, peban, w. 

PIPE, s. (A musicial pipe). Pib, wibonoul ; tolcom 
{Lit, A holed pipe), kemat, piban, biban, w. An 
biban, the pipe, p. 

PIPE or BARREL, t. Ceroin, keroin, w. ; kerrin, p. 

PIPE, s. (A kind of cord or cording). Corden, b. 
This word is the Cornish for a cord or string. It 
does not mean a tube. It is a kind of cord used by 
milliners, and by them called piping, of which a 
p^e is a course or seam. 

PIPE, V. (To play a tune). Piba, peba, w. 

PIPER, «. Cemiat, ohemiat, cemias, w. ; kemiaSy 
kemiat, b. TBorlase uses the word harfeUor, but 
Williams apphes this term to a fiddler) ; pibydh, w. ; 
pibidh, B. ; piphit, wiphit, w. ; pybor, m. 4563. 

PIPERS, f. Pyboryon, m. 4568. Fyboryon weihugh 
in sodn, pipers blow at once, m. 4563. 

Digitized by 





A SHE PIPER. Fiala, harfel, b. 

FIPER-EISH or ELLICS^, «. Denneck, redanneok, b. 

PIPE-MAKER, s, Pipidh, pibydh, b. 

PIPPIN, «. (The fruit). Splusen, b. 

PIQUE, B, Mican, mikan, b. 

PIRATE, *. Ancredvur m6r, w. ; anored tCU: mftr, 
angredar, b. ; ancredcnr, p. 

PISMIRE, ANT, or EMMET, s. Menwionen, w.; 
mevionen, murianean, meuionen, b. Menwionen is 
an error. PL Mnrrian, b. 

PISS, f. Pizaz, p. 

PISS, V. Troaza, b. 

PIT, «. Pul, pol, bol, w. ; boTl, p. ; lacca, w. ; lakka, 
b. ; dippa, b. and n. Dippa is still used by miners. 

A PEEP PIT. Pol doun, b. ; pol down, w. 

PITCH, f. P^g, ptk, peyk, w. ; peyke, c.w. 2259. 

PITCH, V. (To pitch or put). Goer, p. Lemyn me 
as go€r ynhadn, now I will pitch them upright, p. 

PITCHER, f . Pitshar, p. ; pyoher, p.c. 629 ; fycher, 
p.r. 65«. 

A LITTLE PITCHER. Paddick, pattick, n. 

PITCHFORK, *. F6rh, v6rh, p. 

PITCH AND TOSS, *. (Boys' game). Feeps, feebs, 

PITH, #. (?). THE PITH OF A KXJSH. Purvan, n. 
This word is still used in Cornwall for the wick 
made of the pith of the rush. 

^ITEOnSLY, adv. Truethek, k. 2152. Jf$ a grey 
truethekf 1 cried out piteously, m. 2152. 

PITIABLE, adj. Trewyth, trewath, w. 

PITIFUL, adf. (Compassionate). Trewardhec, tri- 
audhek, p.; pytehays, m. 1678. 

PITIFUL, adj. (Sad, sorrowful). Trewysv, trowesy, 
trauethak, p. ; trueth b.i>. 899. Aga gueku o truetX 
it was pitiful to see him, b.b. 889 ; wisht, whittht, n. 

PITILESS, M^\ Dybyte, w, ; debyta, m. 1591. 

PITTANCE, *. Pegans, m. 4292. Ha I6r pegans the 
vetpa, and enough pittance for living, k. 4292. 

PITY, s. P>tc,. byte. vyt6, b. ; cto, k^n, ch^n, w. ; 
kene, c.w. 855 {JSebkSn, without pity, w. ; heb k^n, 
O.K. 252) ; dyeth, dycheth, w. ; dygeth, digheth, p, 
Sd henna dyeth vye^ and that woidd be a pity, o.m. 
1804 ; pyteth, b. ; treweth, triwath, trueth, w. ; 
truath, p. ; triuath, truez, b. ; tregereth, dregereth, 
yttem, yntto, w. 

PITY! SAD! exdam. Trew! Tru! 

MORE THE PITY. Soweth, syweth, w. ; syuedh, p. 

PITY 'TIS. Trueth, truath, p. 

PLiCE, V. Gora, gorr6, corre, worre, w. ; wore, p. ; 
gurra, gdr, w6r, lathye, settya, syttya, w. 

PLACED, part. Settyas, b. 

YE HAVE PLACED. Vorseuch. a mutation of gor- 
eeueh, 2 pers. s. preter. of gara, to place, w. 

PLACE, 8. Teller, tiller, tyller, telhar, w. ; tellar, 
c.w. 866 ; tylhar. dyller, b. Jfoge then teller 9tag 
meve, go to the place- where he is, m. 2922 ; pUs, w. ; 

flAth, M. 946. Marov off m hh an pldth, dead am 
in the midst of the place, m. 946 ; plaeth, m. 4562 ; 
plSn, O.M. 2151 ; lea, c.w. 387; le, w. Orth the 
werev yn pup le, to help thee in every place, ojc 
1469; li, leh, lii, p.; menu, mann, b.; h^M, h^ 
p. ; va, w. Fn is a mutation of ma^ as m6r vn, a sea 
place, or place by the sea. 

IN PLACE. En le. p. 

THIS PLACE. Helma, p. 

IN THIS PLACE, HERE. Ymma, ybma, w. ; ybba, 
yma. p. ; ubba, hubba, obba, b. For other forms see 

IN THAT PLACE, THERE. Ena, unna, yna. For 
other forms see THERE. 

IN WHAT PLACE. PylMi, pUch., pi*, pel*. For 
other forms see WHERE. 

FROM THIS PLACE. Alemma, w. 

A PLACE OF BATTLE. Heinra, heirua, p. 

A DEFENSIBLE PLACE. Mechain, machno, i. 


A PLEADING PLACE. Pyrcat, w. ; pyrkat, p. 

A PLACE OP REST. Powesva, w. 

A PLACE OF SAFETY. Ouarth, b. 

A PLACE BY THE SEA. Mdr va, w. ; mor-vah, i. 

A CROWDED PLACE. (A crush). Dring, i>. 

A PLACE. PART, or QUARTER. Gwythr^s, i. 



PLACID, adj. Hynwys, w. 

PLAGUE, THE PLAGUE, «. B41, v41, p. An «tf, 
the plague, w. 


PLAICE, *. (Fish). Perpoz, b. 

PLAIN, «. (A plain). Gto, w. 06n danuiha ha 
erikk heyth, the plain of Dansetha and Barrow heath, 
R.B. 877 ; goon, g^n, gwon, gwen, guen, wAn, wooo, 
pl^n, w. ; gumpas, meath, dole, b. ; tdn, o.m. 1164. 
Ough the wonys guel ha tdn, go and till field aod 
plain, o.H. 1164. 

PLAIN, EVIDENT, adj. Efan, effan, w. ; evan. da, 
dah, p. 

PLAIN, OPEN, adj. Ryth, reetb, w. ; rydh, p. Qe(m 
reeth, the plain or open downs. 

PLAINNESS,*. Dole, B. 

PLAINLY, adv. (Evidently). Apert, IAp, soyle, f. 

Digitized by 





.PLAINLY AND FULLY, adv. Wh*t, wWth, f. ; 
warre^ p.c. 445. Me a Umer though warre, I tell you 
plainly, p.c. 445 ; dyougel, p.c. 1307. Me an gUwat 
dyaugel^ I heard lum plainly, p.c. 1307. For 
Tarious forms of dyougel See CERTAIN and 

PLAIT, V. Plyi, p. ; plethan. Polwhele. 

PLAIT or FOLD, s. Pl«g, w. ; pUk, p. ; pUth, w. 

PLAN, V. Arreth, w. ; leustre, n. 

PLANCHER or PLANCHING, «. (Wooden floor). 
Plynch {ch soft), p. 

PLANET, s. Plannanth, p. ; sterran goandr^, b. Lit. 
A wandering star. 

PLANK or BOARD, «. Astel, w. ; astell, b. ; astoU, 
w. ; astyllen, b. ; plancen, planken, plyncen, plyn- 
ken, w. ; plankan, p. ; plyenkyn, c.w. 2285. PL 
Planck^, O.W. 2284; plenkos, Polwhele; plankyz, 
plankoz, plankez, p. 

PLANT, V. Plansy, plans^, blanse, w. ; plensy, p.; 
plonty^, gonys, gynes, w. ; gynez, b. ; geso, p. ; 
gonedhy, w. j gonethy, p. ; wonedhy, w. ; ureha, b. 

PLANTED, part. Plansys. plynsys, w. 

PLANT, X. Lnahan, lyzuan, lysuan, b. ; plans, w. ; 
planz, p. 

PLA.NTS, *. Losow, lusow, lusu, losowes, lyswys, 
losowys, w. May tefo gveyth ha lositw^ that trees and 
plants grow, o.k. 28. 

PLANTAIN, f. Enlidan, w. ; ledan-en, b. ; ledanles, w. 

PLANTATION, «. (Of wood). CoteUe, w. 

PLATTER or DISH, t. Podzhar, podzher, p. 

PLATTER or BROAD PLATE, ». Scudel. w.; 
scndell, skjdel, skudel, b. ; tallyonr, w. ; talhiar, 
b. ; tolyer, D. Toller pren or tolyer predn, a wooden 
platter, n. See DISH. 

FL.\Y or ACT, v. Gware, w. ; goare, huari, p. ; 
hnar6, b. ; hwary, w. ; gwarry, c.w. 2534. 

PLAY, V. Haerthin, p. ; huerthyn, hwerwin, b. ; 
higa, w. 



PLAY or PASTIME, ». Choary. PI. Choarion, w. 
Choary seems to be only a form of gwary, a play or 

PLAY or PERFORMANCE, *. Gware, gwary, w. ; 
wary, b. ; goare, guary, p. ; uary, b. An guary yw 
dytoythye, the play is ended, p.c. 3238. 

. antarlick, b. 

A MIRACLE PLAY. Gwari-mirkl, w. j guar^- 
mirkl, p. 

GREAT PLAYS. Gwary-meers, guary meers, w. 

PLAY-HOirSE, 8. Gwardy, w. ; guardy, guar-ty, p. 
PL Gaarimou, b. 

PLAYING-PLACE, t. Plaen an gware, plaiaen 
goar^, p. 

PLEA, *. Breuth, p. 

PLEASANT, adf. Gwyn, w. ; guyn, guydn, p. ; gluys, 
B, ; wh^, wh^k, hw^, wh^g. hw^g, whegol, hwegol, 
t^, t^k, w. ; teek, th^k, p. ; t^g, w. ; teage, bl^k, p. 

PLEASANTNESS, *. Huekter, p. 

PLEASANTLY, adv. Pleag, p. 

PLEASANT, WITTY, MERRY, adf. Sceans, w. ; 
skeans, p. 

PLEASE, V. Plecje, plegye, w. ; plezia, p. ; pleycya, 
C.W. 728. 

HE WILL PLEASE. Pl^k, bUk, w. 

PLEASE, IF YOU PLEASE. Pag-ae, b.t. 

PLEASETH. AmpUk, w. {am plik). Mar thym am- 
plSkf it much pleaseth me, w. 

PLEASING, adj\ Hegar, w.; lues, luh6s, p.; pltk, 
K. 3874. Toherov dym a pUk, his works are pleasing 
to me, K. 3874. 

PLEASINGLY, orfr. Pleag, p. 

PLEASURE, 8. Tekter, e.b. 186. Tn Ukter hdg yn 
mUr toy, in pleasure and in much joy, k.d. 1861 ; 
paravii b. Paravil gwaynten, pleasure of the spring, 
b ; plegadow, c.w. 735 ; plygadow, o.m. 2115. Ae- 
8wye plygadoxo, it would be a pleasure, o.m. 2115. 

w. ; voth, O.M. 1 153. Ourene dev y v6th, let God do 
his will, P.M. 1153 ; yynnas, o.m. 1153. Ourene dev 
y v6fh ha^y vynnae, let God do his will and his plea- 
sure, O.M. 1153. 

PLEDGE, *. Guistel, w. ; gage, p.c. 1186. 
PLEDGE. V. (To pledge one's faith). Thethywy, p, 
PLENTEOUS, adf. Pals, w. 
PLENTY, *. Liasder, w. ; liastre, leasder, amul, pith, 

p^z, p. ; pftth, B. 
PLIANT, adj. Hibblyth, b. ; hyblyth, hablyth, p. 

PLIGHT, 8. ScAth, w. A tehel eeiUh, in enl plight, 
B.I). 2519; pl^t, M. 610. JDoye then pUt ma, to 
come in this plight, m. 610. 

PLOT, V. (To plot against). Arveth, w. 

PLOT or GREEN, A GREEN PLOT, *. Ghissygyon, 

PLOUGH, V. Aras, w. ; dho araz, p. 
TO PLOUGH LAND. Dho aras tir, w. 
PLOUGH, 8. Arad, arat, ardar, b. ; aradar, w. ; carru. 

PLOUGHMAN, 8. Ardur, b. ; d^n aradar, araderuup, 

w. ; dean ardisur, p. ; tiak, tyac, dyac, tioc, tyoc, w. 
PLOUGHSHARE, t. Sdch, z6h, w. ; zoha, b. 

Digitized by 





PLOUGH-TAIL or HANDLE, *. Dora ardar. 

PLUCK or PULL, *. T^n. tyn, w. 

PLUCK or TWITCH, #. Pyn, p. 

PLUCK, V. Scuattya, skuattia, squattya, sguattia, w. 

PLUCK OFF, V. Terry, terhi. tyrry, tony, w. ; torri, 
dyrry, p. ; deny, c.w. 770. 

PLUM, s, Eirinen, b. ; pluman, w. ; plymon, p. 

PLUMS, 8, Aeran, w. 

PLUM-STONE, s. Mean plymon, p. 

PLUM-TREE, s. Gwedhan plumen, plumbren, w. ; 
plymbren, p. 

PLUME or TUFT, «. Criban, kriban, b. 

PLUNDER, V. Laddre, ladra, w. ; laddra, n. 2148 ; 
lyttry, p. ; robbia, b. 

PLUNDERER, s. Lader, w. ; ladar, p. 

PLUNDERERS, #. Ladron, laddron, w. ; ladbron, 
ladran, laddara, p. 

POCKET, s. Logel, logell, w. ; loghel, b. ; logol, w. ; 
phokkat, p. 

POD, 8, Gwisc, guise, gwesc, w. ; guesk, p. ; cuth, 

w. ; knth, b Pi. Cuthow, cuthu, w. 
POEM, «. K&n. b. 
POET, 8. Bardh, barth, pridit, w. ; prydytb. b. 

POINT or EXTREMITY, t. Blyn, min, meen, veen 
poynt, w. 

POINT, 8. (Of a sbarp instrument). Bros, w. 

POINT, 8, (Of land). Rhyn (pronounced run\ riin, 

POINTED, adf. Lym, w. 

POINTER, 8, (As used by schoolmasters, &c., in 
teaching). Fescue, vester, n. 

POISON, 8. Guenoin, gueinoin, w. ; guenuyn, b. 

POISONER, 8. Guenoin riat, w. ; guenoin rejat, p. 

POKE or PUSH, v. Pokkia, b. 

POLE, *. BAz, B. 

POLE, 8, (Of an ox wagon). Tuntry, n. 

POLL, 8, (Of the head). Pdl, w. 

POLLUTE. V, Schyndy, p. Apa ffleyr a yl 8ohyndy4, 
their smell may pollute, p.c. 1647. 

POLYPUS, *. (Fish). Legesti, b. 

POND, 8. Lo, w. ; loe, p. ; lyn, lin, lagen, pul, pol, 

PONDEROSITY, t. Pysder, b. 

POOL, 8. Lo, w. ; loe, p. ; lyn, lin, lagen, pul, pol, 
w. ;: bowl, p. ; pludn, b. ; plodden, lodden, d. ; stag- 
en, w. ; stanc, b. 

A SMALL POOL or POND. PuUan, polan, w. 



POOL or BULL TOAD, «. (In the sea rock pools). 
Bulgrannack, bulgranade, n. 

POOP, *. (Of a ship). Airos, piippis, w. 

POOH, adf\ Bochesog, bochodog, bochodoc, bohosog, 
w. ; bohosak, B. ; bohosek, h. 450 ; bohodzhak, yd- 
hodzhak, w. ; didra, b. ; kesc r, e.d. 910. ffanu 
an pi if kyn heHcar, and I will prove it though poor, 
K.D 910. 

POOR, WEAK, FEEBLE. INFIRM, adj, Gwan,w.; 
guan, guadn, p. ; wan, w. 

POOR. ABJECT, adj. Tr6t, troth, b. 

POOR AND THIN. (As of silk, stufc, &c.) Scoy, 

POOR, THE POOR. POOR PEOPLE, 8. Bokesegyon; 
bohusugion, bohosgyon, bohowgyon, bosogyon, b,; 
bohasaghiam, vehosugyon, p. ; vosogyon, vohosngioii, 
B. ; vohosogyen, m. 4261. Ha vohosogyen pub it, 
and the poor people always, m. 4261, 

POORLY, adj. Palch, w. This word is still used in 
the dialect. It is also used now as a verb, thus, "he 
is only palched up." There is another form for 
palch f viz.. patchy. A weakly person is said to be 
*' very palchy.*' 

POPLAR, 8. Bedewen. bezo, bedho, w. 

POPPY, X. Mill, w. 

PORCH. «. Portal, w. 

PORKER, 5. Porhel, m. 1667. 

PORPOISE, 8. Porpos, w. ; porpez, p ; m6rhoch, w.; 
m6rhuch, moruch, b. Lit. A sea hog. 

PORRIDGE, 8. Iskal, isgal, p. ; coul, cowl, caul, w.; 

joul. p. 
PORRINGER. 8. Podzher, w. ; podzhar, p. ; scudfil, 

scudell, skydel, skival, b. 

PORT or HAVEN, s. Perth, w. ; porh, por, haun, 
B. ; hean, p. 

PORTER, s. Porther, w. ; portherer, p. 

PORTERE88, *. Porther^s, w. 

PORTION, s. Rin, r^dn, temmig, w. ; temig, demig, 
p^th, peyth, pez, b. ; 6r, o.m. 864. Ov hr icchgrik 
the yylly, I lost my fair portion, cm. 364. 

POSE or PUZZLE, v. Puia, p. 


POSSESS, V. Abewhy, p. ; bywfy, pew, bew, w. 

THOU MAYEST POSSESS. Bewhy, a mutation of 
pewy, 2 pers. s. subj. of pew, to possess, w. 

POSSESSED, part (One beside one's self). Guan, 
ascient, b. 

POSSESSION, A POSSESSION, s. Achta, ehtas,!. 

POSSESSOR, s. Perhen, berhen, w.; perhennek, 
perhenek, m. 16. 

POSSIBLY, adv. Martesen. w. 

Digitized by 





IT IS POSSIBLE. Geller, celler, heller, galler, cal- 
ler, haller, gyller, gyllyr, cyllyr, hyllyr, yllyr, w. 

POST, ». Pfts, p62, post, w. 
POST or STAKE, s. Kundura, b. 
POSTERIOR, adj. Direttha. b. 
POSTERIOR TO. Wo86, udzhe, if. 
POT or CROCK, s. Crochan, croohadn, seth, zeth, 
Beith, B. ; zeath, seit, w. 

POTENT, POWERFUL, ABLE, adf. Cyvethidog, 
w. ; kyvethidog, b. ; coTaithac, c^hiidoc, w. ; gal- 
luidoc, B. ; galhydock, p. ; galhydhog, gallosec, 
galloeek, galluzack, gallogek, gallogec, poster, 
gallas, diioh, b. ; taer, m^n, v^n, Mn, w. Taer is a 
common word in Cornwall for hurry, excitement, 


POT-HERBS, s. (Generally). Canl, caol, cowl, cawl, 

p. ; kanl, B. 
POTTAGE, 9. The same as for PORRIDGE, q. v. 
A MESS OF POTTAGE. Lommen cowl, w. 
POTTER, V. Konaz, b. 
POUCH, f . Daver, w. 
POULTICE, f. Taimant, w. 

POUND, f. (Money or weight). Puns, pons, pens, 
w. ; penzy poyns, p, ; pynz, b. PI. Punsov, k. 
2679 ; byuFOW, c.w. 740. 

POUR, V. Denewy, dhenewy, w. ; thenewy, p.c. 487. 
War the pen y thenetoy^ upon thy head I will pour it, 
PC. 487; Bcolly6, scuUye, w. See SHED and 

POUR OUT, V. Toula, p. 

POUR OUT. Toula emeas, b. 

POVERTY, ». Pethkester, p. ; keskar, guag, b. Itee 
Of} keehar dre terroa, I must go in poverty through the 
land, o.M. 360 ; bohogogneth, h. 2010. Bohogogneth 
ahreth du^ poverty on behalf of God, m. 2010. 

POWDER, *. (Dust). Treust, b. See DUST. 

POWER, s. Cr^vder, w. ; kr^vder, p. ; creys, greys, 
gallos. gallus, w. Pdr wyr y gallui yv ordiy very 
truly his power is great, o.M. 1156; galleys, w. ; 
allu's. R.i>. 426. Sag a alius kekeffrys^ and of power 
likewise, r.d. 426 ; gel, herwydh, w. ; herwyth, o.M. 
1464 Hedri vo yn the herwyth, as long as it is in thy 
power, o.M. 1464; mestry, vestry, w. ; meistry, p.; 
mejptry, maistry, maystxy, maistrizi, nell, nel, w. 
May/oformyi dre ov nel, that he made by my power, 
o.M. 42 ; north, w, ; nerh, nerg, b. 


TO BE POWERFUL. Dichon, b. 

POWERLESS, adf. Dyspusant, m. 2284. JErhynfay 
eriit dyepmant, powerless against the faith of Chnst, 
M. 2284 ; antythy, m. 3052. Ov eorff vy yv antythy^ 
my body is powerless, m. 3052. 

POX, 8. (Disease). Pocvan, w. 

PRAISE, «. Gormola, golochas, gollohaa, w. ; golog- 
has, p.c. 116. Gone penye ha gohghae, with penance 
and praise, p.c. 116 ; lawe, w. ; lau, p. 

PRAISE, V. Eysye, w. ; eysya, rysye, p. ; lawyc, w. ; 
moli, mawl, b, 

PRATE or PRATING, s. Clip, w. Sens tho eldp, 
hold thy prate, r.d. 1113 ; tavasec, w. ; tavazek, p. 

PRAY, V. Pesy, w. ; pesa, b. ; pysy, pisy, w. ; pys, 
pis, pidzha, b. ; pidzhi, pegy, w. ; peidgy, b. ; pygy, 
pigy* w. ; pidgy, b. ; besy. bysy, w. ; bisy, p. ; bys, 
abys, b. ; plygye, blygye, w. 

I SHALL or WILL PRAY. Pysaf , 1 pers. s. fut. of 
pysy, to pray, w. 

HE WILL PRAY. Peys, pys, bys, 3 pers. s. fut. of 
pesy, pysy, and hysy^ to pray, w. 

HE WOULD PRAY. Pysse, 3 pers. s. subj. oipysy, 
to pray, w. 

LET US PRAY. Agan bys, b. ; agan byz, p. 

PRAYER, s. Pesad, pysad, pydzhad, pidzhad, pyjad, 
w. ; pidzhi, p. 

PRAYERS, *. Pesadow, pysadow, pydzhadow, pidz- 
hadow, pijadow, pyiadow, w. ; peiadow, k. 132 ; 
peyadow, k. 143 ; besadow, bysadow, w. ; bederoWi 
B. ; fesadow, fysadow, w. ; fysadou, b. OufysadoUf 
my prayers, p, 

PREACH, V. Progowthy, pregowthy, pregewthy^ 
bregewthy, bregowthy, w. ; bregethwy, p. 

PREACHED. Bregeth, b. 

THOU PREACHEST. Bregowthys, b. 

PREACHER, f. Progowther, progouther, w. ; 
progathar, b. ; pregowther. w. 

PREACHUNG, A PREACHING, s. Progath, pre- 
goth, w. 

PRECINCT, «. Luid, B. 

PRECIPICE, s. Clegar, cleghar, clicker, cligga, 
ledra, ledr, w. 

PREPARE, V. Parusy, dugty^, dychtye, dychyi, 
dhychye, dychthye, dygthy6, dygtye, dhygtyc, 
dythgthtya, w. ; thyghye. p.c. 651. The thyghyi 
hds, to prepare food, p.c. 651. 

TO PREPARE ONE'S SELF. Omdhychtye, w. 

PREPARED, adj. Parot, parys, parez, w. 

PREPARED, part. Parusys, w. ; hamblys, hablys, b. 

PREPARATION, s. Paravii, hamlos, hamlus, ham- 
blys, hablys, b. 

PRESBYTER, s. Hebrenciat, hebrenchiat, hebryng- 
kiad, B. 

PRESENCE, « Loc, w. ; 16k. Drough an prysners 
61 y^m I6k, bring all the prisoners to my presence. 

IN PRESENCE OF. Dir&g, dyr4g, w. ; athyrftg, a 
r^k, V. ; a r&g, r&c, yn r4k, w. 

Digitized by 





PRESENT or GIFT, t. Ro, w. ; roth, p. ; r^w, c.w. 
•2145. PI Roow, rbhow, w, 

iPRESENT, V. See GIVE, t. 

PRESENTLY, adv, Fastsens, b. ; warre, P.O. 781. 

AT PRESENT. Breman, luman, leman, lemen, 
lemman, lemmen, lemyn, lemmyn, lymmyn, w. 

PRESERVE or SECURE, v. Anysya, sawy^, w. ; 
rensawy, p. 

PRESERVE or KEEP, v. Gweth^, gwithe, gwythe, 
' w. ; guitha, b. ; gorwith, gorquith, p. ; gorwythy, 

cuitha, cwitha, w. ; kuitha, p. ; anqoathy, wetha, 

p. ; wethe, w. 


ymwythe, w. 

PRESIDENT or GOVERNOR, t. Guahalgeh, b.; 

guahalech, gaalegh, p. 
PRESS, V, (Or squeeze). Guasga, puza, p. ; goryn, w. 
PRESS or URGE, v. Ynnya, w. 
PRESSED or SQUEEZED, part. Gwridnias, w.; 
• guridnias, p. 
PRETENCE, s. Kairder, b. ; kauanskis, p. ; fooch, d. 

PRETEND, V. Faeye, omwrey, ymwrey, ymwryl, 
omwrelle, w. 

PRETTY, adf. Louan, skeans, b. ; tec, t^k, t^, w. ; 
teage, teek, tli^k, p. 

PREVENT, t^. Lettya, w. 

TO PREVENT ONE. Omweras, p. 

PREY, s. Praed, b. 

PRICE, *. Pris, priz, prys, brys, w. ; brez, p. ; bry, 

vry, w. 
PRICK, V. Piga, w. ; sanqua, tardha, b. 
PRICK, 8, Arho, garthou, w. 
PRICK, s. (As with a pin). P*g, gwdn, w. 
PRICKLE, s. Draen, drain, dr^n, w. ; bros, b, 
PRICKLES, i, Drein, w. ; dreyn, b. 

PRIDE, 8. Goth, woth, p. Dre g6th y wrUk leuerel, 
through pride he did say, p.c. 3H1 ; comer, brAsder, 
vr^sder, w. ; vrister, scherewneth, b. 

PRIEST, *. Pronter, praonter, proanter, w. ; praun- 
ter, p. ; prontir, b. ; prounder, w. ; punder (?), bron- 
ter, B. ; hebrenchiat, coggaz, p. ; mdb lyen, w, ; 
oferiat, w. 

PRIESTS, 8. Pronterjton, bronteryon, w. 

PRIMATE, A PRIM:ATE. 8. Guesbeuin, gueshevin, 
w. ; guashevyn, gueskeun, b. 

PRIMROSE, 8. Breilu, b. See also ROSE. 

PRINCE, 8. Pensevic, penzivik, w. ; penaeryk, v. 
3022; penseyicke, c.w* 120; penzhing, p. ; neode- 
vig, w. ; pendefig, p.; prins, fryns, b.; fil, w.; 
meik, ruy, b. 

PRINCES, f. Prinnis, b. 

PRINT or MARK, 8 Ooll, c.w. 1763. Me a weaU 
ooU trye8 ow tluu, I see a print of my father's feet, 
CiW. 1763. Fl. Glow, o,m, 711. 80W oiawov ikryy% 
Iy8ky8^ follow the marks of my feet, burnt, o.m. 711. 

PRISON, #. Carhar, karhar, b. ; clochprednier, w. ; 
ologhprennyer, m. 923. jy a erik in doghprm^%¥r^ 
thou shalt hang in prison, m. 923. 

PRISONER, ^. G6r.caeth, w. ; giirkaeth, b. 

A PRISONER OF WAR. Giirkaeth, b. 

PRIVATE, aij. Pryv6, pryvy, pryveth, piiveth, p. 

PRIVATELY, ad/o. Yn priveth, brevath, p. ; ledra- 
deth. B. 

PRIVATION,*. Brevath, p. 

PRIVET, 8, Scedgwith, b. ; skerrish, d. 

PRIVILEGED, aii. Brentyn, bryntyn, w. 

PRIVY, SECRET, adj. Guythysy, p 

PRIVY-COUNSELLORS, s. Guythysy, p. 

PRIVY-PART OF A WOMAN, #. Cheber (/wwi. 
keber), p. ; kypher, d. . 

PRIZE, t?. Wn, p. 

PROCEED or ISSUE, *. Henath, w. 

PROCEED, v. Cerdh^s, kerdhes. w.; kerdhez, r.; 
cerras, kerras, garras, monas, mon^, w. ; monez, p. ; 
mynes, m6s, finney, w. 

PROCEEDED, part. Drevethys, b. 

PROCESS or PERIOD, «. (Of time). U«, 001, w. ; 
(ize, oze, p. ; oys, huis, oge, oydge, w. 

PROCLAIM or PUBLISH, v. Doles, w. 

PROCURE, V. Dhvchye, dychye, dychthye, dygthye, 
dhygtye, w. ; dyghthy. p. ; gwaynia, w. ; guaynia, 
B. ; cafes, cafos, cafus, cowas, w. ; kouaz, cawas, p. ; 
gowas, w. ; gouaz, gaval, athytta, p. ; pryvia, b. 

PRODIGAL, 5. Noi, b. 

PRODIGY, *. Marth, varth, marthus, varthus, w. 

PRODUCE, V. (Bring, bear). Doen, d6n. dojn, 
doga, degy, w. ; degyn, thegyn, thogga, tocka, 
rethokko, teige, p. 

PRODUCE, v. (Give birth to). Denethy, denythy, 
dynythy, w. 

PRODUCE, TO RAISE, v. Fysel, p. R&q #wr 
gal8ofy8ely that I might raise grain, p. 

Ladrdn drh^ thieves by profession, b. 

PROFFERED, part. Gyrheffias, gytheffys, b. 

PROFIT, V. Gwaynia, guaynia, b. 

Digitized by 





PROFIT, «. L^s, leas. p. 

PROFITABLE, adj. Kyvadhas, b. 

PROFOUND, adj. Down, town, w. 

PROFUNDITY, «. Downder, w. ; dounder, b. 

PROGENITOR, s. Hendas, hengyke, p. 

PROGENY, 9. Ach {PI Achow), linieth, lynnyeth, 
Ijnncth, w. 

PROHIBIT, V, Defen, dhefen, dyfen, dhyfen, 
defennj, w. 

PROHIBITION, s, Defen, w. ; deffen, c.w. 853; 
deffan, d3r{en, defennad, w. DrU dyfen 9U arhUh kSr, 
beyond the prohibition of our dear Lord, o.m . 172. 

PROJECTION, «. Trein, tron, corn, w. 

P1«0LIX, ad/, Hir, hyr, w. 

PROMINENCE, s. Tor, torr, w. 

PROMINENT, a4;'. Herdya, b. 

PROMISE, V. Ambose, dedhewy, dedhywy, dydhywy, 

dhedhy wy, w. ; didhywy, didhiwy, dythywy, p. ; 

dethewy, w. 
PROMISE, «. Ros (from ro, to give) ; ambos, w. Ify 

a wra thy*s amhds da, I will make a good promise, 

O.M, 1232. 
PROMISED, part. Ambosas, dythywys, w. 

PROMONTORY, s. Rhyn (pron. reen), riin, trein, 
tron, col, w. ; antron. Poltohele. 

PROMPTLY, adv. Snell, m. 4342. Ny a ra snell, we 
will do promptly, m. 4342. 

PRONOUNCE, V. (Affirm). Lavary, leverel, w. 

PROOF,*. Pr^f (PI. Prevas); prof, w. ; scyle, b. 
Seyltf vds, good proof, b. 

PROP, 8. Horven, w. ; trig, d. 

PROP, #. (To a lever). Colpas, d. 

PROPS or STAYS, «. Stanconnou, b. 

PROP, V. Rtanconni, b. 

PROPER, a^. Gwyw. w. ; eiddo, b.; eiddio, PoUohele : 

kyvadhas, b. 
IT IS PROPER. Teleth, p.c. 2553, 
PROPER FY, f. Eytbe, c.w. 1133. 

PROPHET, *. Profuit, b. ; prufuit, w. ; profuut, p. ; 
prof^s, p.c. 562 ; profos, p.c. 2367 ; profos* 

PROPHETS, 9. Brefusy, b. ; profugy, n. 


PROPORTIONABLE, adj Dibblans, dyblans, dhyb- 

lans, w. 
PROPOSE, V. Gytheffia, w. 
PROPRIETOR, 9. Perhen, berhen, w. 

PROSPECT or VIEW, 9. Sell, syll, sU, s6U, w. ; 

851, p. 
PROSPER, V. Sowene, sowynny, w. ; sowyny, sowyn, 

p. ; fynny, b. 

PROSPERITY, «. Anzaoue, b. 

Sewena, sowena, p. 

PROTECT, V. Dyffres, dhyffres, w. 

PROTECTION, 9. Achless, b. ; gwlth, guyth, with, 
wyth, w. 

PROTRACTED, part. Dhelledzhaz, b. 

PROUD, adj. Gothiis, gothys, othys, w. Rdg ef 
9tout ha gothy9, for he was stout and proud, o.xi 
2221 ; sherewys, p. ; stowte, c.w. 213 ; trahaut (^^ 
hdiU^ French). 

A PROUD MAN. Gochus, b. 

PRUDEN^CE, 9. Fum^s, w. ; fumez, b. ; sciantuleth, 
scentuleth, w. ; skiantoleth, p. 

PRUDENT, adj. Fur, fir, feer, w. ; fyr, p. Lemyn 
hythfdLT^ now be prudent, o.m. 1638. 

PRUNES 9. Aeran, w. 

PROVE, V. 8cyl6, p. ; tria, b. ; preva, provi, provy, 
w. ; dho pr^f, p. 

PROVED, part. Pr^fyas, br^vyas, w. 

THOU HAST PROVED. Pr^fsys, brtoys, w. 

HE WILL PROVE. PrSf, brW. From preva, to 
prove, w. 

TO PROVE ONE'S SELF. Ombroy {om^avy), w, 

PROVERB, 9. Lavar, w. 

PROVIDE, V. Darbary, dugty^, dychtye, w.; 
dyghthy, p. ; dythgthtya, w. ; cawas, asthytta, p. 

PROVIDED, part. Thytryas. p. 

DID PROVIDE. Digthyas, b. 

PROVIDENT, adj Fin, w. See also PRUDENT. 

PROVINCE, REGION, 9. Pow, w. ; pou, p. ; poll, 

B. ; woli, w. 
PROVISION, MEAT, 9. Krig. b. 

PROVOKE, V. Serry, sorry, provyeha, w. ; tosoanna, 
B. ; iskinat, p. 

PROW, 9. (Of a ship). Flurr, flurrag, p. 

PSALTERY, 9. Savtry, o.m. 1997. 

PUBLIC AFFAIRS. Yereren, b. 

PUBLIC STOCK or BANK, 9. Tryssor, b. 

PUBLISH, V. Doles, derevas, dherevas, deryfas, w. ; 
asderua, p. 

PUDDING, 9. Pot, w. ; hygan, higan, b. ; hogan, 
hoggan, D. 

A BLACK PUDDING. Gudzhygan, w. ; gudzhigan, 
B. Lit. A blood or bloody pudding. 

A HARD (HEAVY) PUDDING. Pellen, b. Its 
proper meaning is a round body or ball, but used 
derisiyely for a very solid pudding. 

A WHITE PUDDING. Pot gwidn. The Cornish 
still say white pot for a white pudding. 

Digitized by 





PUFF, FART, SMELl^ «. Bram. PL Bremmyn, w. 

PUFF, f. (Of wind). Wh^th, hw^th, ^th, w. ; 
whith, c.w. 2299. 


V. HwMhy, hudhy, w. ; ha^dhi, p. 
PUFFIN, f. Pope. D. 

PUFFING, A PUFFING UP, «. HwMh, huMh, w. 
PULL or HAUL, «. Ten, tyn, w. 
PULL, r. Tenna, tedna, tynne, w. 

TO PULL THE HAIR. Weet, wheet, d. I hare 
often heard the latter {wheet) used. 

PULLET, s. Mabyer, w. 

FULLING or HAULING, part. Hallyah, b. ; 

tynnys, p. 
PULPIT, s. Pyrcat, w. ; pyrkat, p. ; ogal, b. 
PULSE, e, (As peas, &c.) Jot, b. 
PULSE or PEAS, «. P^ p^, ▼. 

PULSK, *. (Of an artery). Gloys, b. Oloys erSf, a 
strong pulse ; polge, h. 

PUMP. (?) The lowest of the tier of pumps in a 
mine water-engine is called driggoe or drigger^ p. 

A SMALL MINE PUMP. Skit, skeet, d. See 

PUNISH, r. Cyssythy, punsye, w. ; punsuie, euro, 
p. ; peyne, peynye, peyny, b. ; penya, o.w. 1259 ; 
ymskemyny, p. 

PUNISHMENT, ». Cossythyans, gossythyans, dial, 
dyal, dyhal, anfus, enfugy, anfugy. Y a'« tevyl 
a^f^Vf punishment shall come to tiiem, o.m. 2328 ; 
penys, penaz, b. 

PUNY, adj. Pinnikin, n. 

PUPIL, #. Diolacht, dileakta, p. 

A PUPIL UNDER WARD. Eisreacht, p. 

PUPIL, 8. (Of the eye). See APPLE OF THE 

PUPPY or YOUNG DOG, s. Coloin, w. 

PURBLIND, adj. Coegdale, b. 

PURE, adj. G14n, lin, w. ; glane, p. ; gulan, w. ; 

glannith, P. 2'rueth vye dSn yto gulan, it were pity 

that a man who is pure, p c. 2437 ; p{ir, w. ; clour, 

H. 151. 
PURE AND CLEAN. Skore, d. The Cornish 

miners say of a rich lode *' 'tis all skove," that is all 

ore, ** pure and clean." 

PURCHASE, V. Prenny, prynny, w. ; prenna, p. ; 

pema, bema, w. ; perhen, p. 
PURCHASE, A PURCHASE, *. Purvers, w. 
PURCHASER, s. Pemar, w. 
PURGE, V. Carthu, b. ; pyrd^ha, p. 

PURITY, 9. Glander, m. 538. Omguythi preet in 
glander, to keep thyself ever in purity, x. 583. 

PURPLE, adj. Coch, b. ; purpur, w. 

PURPOSE, V. Tewlel, w. ; teulel, tiulel. p. ; tywld, 
tyulel, B. ; towlal, teuly, p. ; towla, toula, w. 

PURPOSE, A PURPOSE, «. Toul, teul, tewl, w.; 
doul, dowle, p. ; mynnas, vynnas, w. ; dryfl, b. 

ON PURPOSE. Adriff, w. ; adryff, b. 

FOR THE PURPOSE OF. Mg, r4c, rik, w. 

PURSUE, V. Sewye, sewe, 8yw6, w. ; sewya, sewsys, 
p. ; hella, helhia, w. ; helfia, p. ; hellyrchy, w. ; 
hellyrghy, p. 

PURSUER, J. Helhiat, w. ; helyiat, helyad, helyur, 
B. ; helhwar, hellier, p. 

PURSUIT or FOLLOWING, s. Helhiat, p. 

PUSH, f;. Herdhya, herdhye, w. ; herthy, p. 

PUSH, X. P6c, w. The word is still used for ikw$ 

or thump. 
PUT, V. Qora, w. ; gorra, b. ; worra, v. ; wore, p. ; 

corre, w. ; fytse, p. 
HE WILL PUT. Wor, a mutation of gor^ 3 pers. s, 

fut. of gora^ to put, w. 
TO PUT ASIDE, V. Dyscy, w, 
TO PUT TO FLIGHT, v. Fy6, w. ; fu6, p. 

TO PUT ON, 17. Gwiscy, gwisc^, gwesca, gwesga, 

w. ; guesga, p. ; wysc^, w. 
TO PUT or TURN OUT, v. Asgor, p. 
TO PUT ON A CROWN. Curune, w. 
TO PUT TO DEATH. 'Uras the memans, b. 
PUT, part. Gurys, gora, woras, b. 
PUT FORTH. Rageorys, w. 
PUT OUT. Y^s guris, b. 
PUT THOU. Tommans. tommes, p. Tommans onm 

dour wdr tdn, put someone water over the fire, p. 

PUT YE. Gorreugh, p. 

PUTREFY, V. Pedry, peddry, dho peddry, podr§, w. ; 
potre, p. 

PUTRID, adf. Pedrys, m. 3066; podrek, u. 8048. 
Moy podrek ay esely, more putrid in his hands, «. 

PUTTOCK or KITE, s. Barges, w. ; bargez, p. ; bar- 
ges, w. 

PUZZLE, V. Puza p. 


This letter is not a regular member of the Britiah 
alphabet, but it is used in a few Cornish words with • 
foUowing to express the sound of cw, as queUm^ fm^t 
qurithj bytquethy for ewellen, cwra, cwrSth, hytewdK 

Digitized by 





That it was in early use is proved by an inscription on 
a stone in GoItiu, near Penzance, where the British 
name Cjnedhay is written Qnenetav/' w. Lex, Com. 

QUACKERY, «. Ponster, w. The word pamster, a 
comiption of ponster ^ is still used for a quack-doctor. 
Also as a verb, to pomster i.e., to heal, or rather, 
" quack.'' 

(lUAGMIRE, «. Plashet, ploshet, n. 

QUAIL, s. (Bird). Rinc, w. 

QUAKE, V. Cema, kema, crenn6, krenne, w. ; kren- 
na, p. ; crenna, krena, b. ; kemiah, p. ; crys, grys, 
w. ; vrama, p. 

QUAKING, A QUAKING, *. Yrama, p. 

QUANTITY,*. Myns, mtes. tomals, w. TummaU, 
for lots or quantities of anything is still often used. 

QUARREL, V, Omdhal, cably, w. ; kennkia, gueskal, 
B. ; garey, B. 

AN OLD FAMILY QUARREL. Corrosy, correesy, 
corrizee, b. 

QUARRELED, part. Cablas, cublas, scabl^, b. 

QUARRELSOME, adj. Garey, n. 


QUARRY, 9, (As of stone, &c.) Caare, p. ; kuarre, 


QUARTER or FOURTH PART, s. Kuartan, p. 

QUARTER, PART, or LOCALITY, #. Gwythres, b. 

QUARTZ, 9. Cam, cand, cam-tyer, n. 

QUASH, V, Gwaythy, gwethe, fethy, w. ; guethe, p. 

QUEEN, «. Michtcm^s, mychtemes, w. ; migtemes, 
p. ; niytemes, matemas, ruifanes, ruivanes, w. ; 
rhuyfiines, b. 

QUELL, r. Gorleue, worlene, w. Ny wra horn y wor- 
leni, a blow will not quell him, p.c. 2111. 

QUENCH, V, Defydh, w. ; defyth, deveth, p. ; dufydh, 
dufydhy, difydhy, defydhy, w. ; difythi, p. 


QUENCHED, part, Devidhyz, b, 

QUESTIONED, part. Bressys, b. See JUDGE, v. 

QUICK, adj, (Soon). Dyhons, dhyhons, dhydhuans, 
w. ; dyhuanz, b. ; dywhans, defry, dhe&ry, defbry, 
devry, w. 

QUICK, adj (Speedy). Cut, cot, w. ; got, p. Ha 
the'n memans eat yorrys, and to death quick put, o.ii. 
1522 ; &ist, w. ; fastsens, b. ; snel, b.d. 2144 ; stric, 
strik. The Cornish miners say stric when they wish 
to lower the kibble or mine bucket with greater speed. 

QUICK, adf. (Alive). Bew, bin, byw, vew, w. ; 
buhan, b. 

QUICKLY, adv. Fest, prest, dewhans, duwhans, dyws 
bans, w. ; dyhuanz, p. Ffystyn alemma duwhans, 

hasten hence quickly, o.m. 169; meugh, p.c. 11 18, 
iVy*n yeuyth meuyhy we will find hini quickly, p.a 
1118; snel, h. 8368. Alemma then yuelfos snel, hence 
to the wilderness quickly, m. 3368 ; tythy, w. ; tooth- 
da, tothda, tuthta, p. ; tothta, c.w. 850 ; totta, toth- 
etta, p. ; touth-da, h. ; toyth ta, o.m. 1001 ; wamot, 
p. ; uscys, w. ; uskys, p. ; yskys, w. ; uskis, M. 
2733 ; uth, p. Uskis ha schaff^ quickly and rapidly, 
M. 2733. 

QUICKSAND, *. Dreath lenky, w, 

QUICK-SIGHTED, adj. Lagadec, lagadzhak, w,; 

lagadzhek, b. ; lagasek, x. 1018. 
QUICKEN-TREE. s. Ceiden, w. ; kerdcn, p. 

QUIET, adj. Cosel, kozal, cusal, kuzal, cris, creyi, 
w. ; creez, p. ; dyson, w. 

QUIET, HtlST, s. Cosoleth, gosoleth, pow^s, 

A PLACE OF REST. Powesva. 

QUIETLY, adv. Cosel, p. ; cusual, w. ; yn kesoleth, 
P.O. 71*5. Ysetheugh yn kesolethy sit down quietly, 
p.c. 715. 

QUIETNESS, s. Callamingi w. ; kallamingi, kalla- 
minghiy b. ; h^dh, hedwch, w. 

Ciisc, k^sg, w. 

QUILL, i. Coilen, w. ; koilen, p. ; kuiUan, b. ; kni- 
Ian, p. ; korsen, b. 

QUILT, s. (For a bed). Pengughret, b. See also 

QUIT, V. Gara, garera, gase, w. 

QUITE, adv. Wh&th, wh^th, w. ; methen, piir, pftr, 
pyr, pre, p.; fest, h. 107; coul, o.ii. 2581 ; cowle, 
c.w. 794; cowal, o.ii. 2702. Bones an temple com 
wrys, the temple to be quite done, o.x. 2581. Mar" 
row eowal ty a vyth, killed quite thou shalt be, o.ic 


QUOIT, s. Scudell, b. ; koeten, p. 


*' This letter is an immutable radical in all the Celtic 
languages except the Welsh," w. Zez. Com. Brit. 

RABBIT, s. Cynin, w. ; kynin, p. ; couniel, b. ; cyn- 
ingen, w. ; kyningen, p. 

RABBLE, MOB, «, Tiogou, pobel tiogou, tuogu, w. ; 
mogyon, b. ; meggany, p. 

RABID, adf. Conerioc, w. ; koneriok, b. ; coneriye, P. 

RACE, LINEAGE, s. Linieth, lynnjeth, lynneth, 
w. Bdk sawyi lynnyeth mdp din, to save the race of 
sons of men, bb. 1810; devethyans, m. 1830. Hath 
dsvethyans, and thy race, m. 830; ehen, h. 2913. 
Ha Us the 61 y ehen, and benefit aU his race, x. 2913. 

Digitized by 





RADIANCE, i. Golerder, m. 3669 ; golvygyen, u. 
3681. Pendra yv an golevdfr, what is the radiance, 
M. 3669. 

RADISH, s. Redic, rhedic, w. 

RAFTER, *. (Beam). Keber (pron. tcheher), p.; 
ceber, p. ; cledr, b. ; troster, treeter. stll, styl, stull, 

RAGE, 8. Gewar, b. ; Conner, connor. p. 

RAGING, RABID, MAD, adj. Conerioc, w, ; kone- 
riok, B. ; conerive, p. • 

RAIMENT, *, Gwisc, guise, w. ; guisk, p.; gwesc, 
w. ; guesk, p. ; delles m. 3063 ; dillas, c.w. 1037 ; 
thyllas, c.w. 1036. 

RAIN, f . Glaw, w. ; glawe, p. ; glau, w. Olaw the 
gothe awartha, rain to fall ^m above, o.m. 1028. 



RAINBOW, «. Camdharas, w. ; cabrnthavas, p. ; 
gabm-thayas, c.w. 250 1 ; kamdhavas, camniuet, b, ; 
cam, p. 

RAINY, adf. (Muggy, dirty weather). Slotteree, w. 
This is a word in very common use in Cornwall. 

RAKE, «. Rakkan, b. 

RAISE or PRODUCE, V. Fysel. Rdg esow gdUo fytel, 
that T might raise com, p. 

RAISE, TO RAISE UP, v, Drehevel, w.; dreheuel, 
trehevel, dhrewel, p. ; dereval, dreval, w. ; derebal, 
p. ; therevel, b. ; sevel, syvel, w. ; syuel, sewel, 
seval, sef, p. 

RAISE, V. Gorren, p. 

RAISE, TO BE RAISED, t^. Sordya, w. Ternays y 
sordya% hresel yaft^ an Edhewon gohy^ the day after 
there arose a contest among the foolish Jews, m.c. 
238 (w.). 

RAISE UP or EXCITE, v. Amsevy, w. 

TO RAISE ONE'S SELF. Ymdhreshevel, w. 

TO RAISE A SHOUT. Garme, w. ; garmi, karme, 
p. ; carme, w. 

RAISED UP, part. Sordys, p. ; sordyys, w. From 
iordyay to arise. 

RAISED UP or EXCITED, i?ar^. Ansueth, p. 

RAISED or ELEVATED, part. Drehevys, tre- 
hevys, w. 

HE WOULD RAISE. Drehefse, dreafse, w. 

RAISINS, «. Figes an houl. Lit. Figs of the sun. 

RAM, ^. Hordh, w. ; h6rth, p. ; h6r, w. 

A BLACK RAM. Hor diu. PI Hyrroz dyon, w. 

RAMBLE or STAGGER, v. Rambla, p. 

RAM-CAT. TOM-CAT, *. Giircith, w. ; giirkdth, 
p. ; kiirkith, b. 

RAMPART. *. Tuban, w. ; tuban agger, p. This 
must mean a rampart of turf. The Cornish at tiiis 
time call a bit of turf a tab. 

RANK or DEGREE, s. Pryckna, pruckna, p. 

RANSOM or REDEFM. v. Prenna, p. 

RAPID or SWIFT, adj. Cywlym, b. ; schif, sdtf, 
sc4fP, 8c4v, sg&v, p. 

RAPIDLY, adv. Sch&ff. m. 2733. Also the other 
forms of this word as given for rapid, q.v. ; schAf, in 
B.D. 1731. 

RARE, adj. (Scarce). Trawythes, w. ; trauythes, p. 

RASCAL, s. Lorel, w, £dg nyns oueh mdg dewlorel, 
for ye are naught but two rascals, o.m. 1504 ; losel, 
w. Lavar lemyn mars yw prys dofnoon gene$ tit 
ervys dhe gerchSs an vyl losel, say now if it is time to 
send armed men with thee to bring the vile rascal, 
P.O. 940 ; ioud^n {iovdSn), is. 778 ; jaudyn, w. JVyiw 
yw saw un plos iaudyn, he is not but a foul rascal, 
p.c. 1^94 ; gw&s, gu4s, wis, w. -fiV- na^n prenni cm 
guds-na, until that rascal catches it, o.m. 2152. 
Tehel wds woteweth lader t-ye, a wicked rascal, at last 
a thief he was. ii.c. 38 ; f^l, v. 1528. Kekefrysgd 
ha hrentyn, as well rascal as noble^ m. 1528 ; gad- 
lyng, p. A vyl gadlyng dues yn rdg. Oh vile rascal, 
come forth, p.c. 1817; harlot, p.c. 2751. Rdg 
tempri an harlot fdl, to tame tiie mad rascal, p.c 
2761 ; negethys, m. 777. Ty falge negethys, thou 
false rascal, m. 777 ; piliack. culiak, n. ; voran 
voren, p. ; dr6cgerut, dr6kgeryt, b. 

3269. Ty vav scherevwa del oys, thou boy. most 
rascally as thou art, ii. 3269. The Cornish use the 
word skerry-werry, for an active young rascal, n. 

RASPBERRY, s. (The bush). Dreisan, dreizan, w. 

RAT, s, Logosan vrds, w. ; lygodzhan vrase, lyg- 
vraoz. logoden, p. ; yermis-priv. b. 

RATHER, adv. Cans, kens, w. ; kenz. p.; gens, hens, 
w. ; kynz, p. ; cyns, kyns, w. ; kins, p. ; ja, b. 

RATHER THAN. Kens vel. w. ; kenz vel, p. 

HE HAD RATHER. Yendzha, a mutation of 
mendzha, a corrupt form of mensi, 8 pers. s. plup. of 
inenny, to will, to wish, w. 

RATILE, V. Crehylly, w. ; kanvas, b. 

RAVEN, s. Br&n vr^s, w. ; brane vrase, c.w. 2450 ; 
vrane vrAs, c.w. 2464 ; marchvr&n, w. ; marvriLn. 
p.; varchvrAn, w. ; vargh-vrin, o.m. 1106. Lit. 
Brdn vrdn, a great crow, and marchvrdn, a horse 

RAVENS, s. Lugu, b. 

RAVINE, s. Nans, w. ; nance, nantz, p. 

RAVISH or DEFLOUR, v. Guasga, b. 

RAVISHED, part. Rassys, b. 

RAW, CRUDE, adj. Criv, w. ; kriv, b. ; ^, cr^v, w. 

Digitized by 





RAW-MILK, i. Leath cr^, w. 

BAT or SKATE, *. (Fish). Carcath, karcath, w. ; 
karlath (?), p. ; mfircath, w. ; m6r-cath> p. I^t Sea 


REACH. TO REACH AT or TO, v. Hedhes, hedhy, 
w. ; hedha hethe, p.; ystyne, w.; ysten, p. ; ystyn, 
B. Titym thytn, reach to me, b. Drehedhy, w. ; 
thehesy, p. 

REACH IT ME. YBtym e dhym, p. 

REACHING. *. (A reaching of the hody). Cehedzh^, 
w. ; kehedzhe, p. 

READ, V. Lenn, redy^, redi, w. ; rhedi, p. ; redyn, 
B. ; porogga, legria, p 

READER, *. Lenner, b. ; redior, w. ; ledior, b. 

A FEMAXE READER. Rediores, w. ; ledior^, b. 

READILY, adv. Eredy, w. ; aredy, r.w. 341 ; yredy 
prest, w. ; paris, haris. b. 

RIGHT READILY. Piir eredy, b. 

READINESS, j. Adoth, b. 

READING, 9. (A reading or yersion). L^pradz, p. 

READY, adj. Parot, parez, parys, w. ; ven, b. ; pront, 
O.H. 2669. Synfy mar pront ty (^npren, since thou 
art so ready for the tree, o.m. 2669. 

REAL, ad;\ Defry, deffry, dheffry, devry, w. ; teffry, 

REALLY, adv. Yn teffry, n. ; defry, m. 4387. 

VERY REALLY. Yn pAr deffry, n. 

REAP, V. Mede, midi, medge, w. ; midzhi, p. ; cyni- 
via«, kyniTias, b. 

REAPER, 9. Meder, meader, meter, midzhar, midil, 
w. ; midhil, p. ; medwas, w. 

REAPERS, 9. Medweision, megonsion, w. ; megou- 
zian, B. 

REAPING-HOOK, «. Cromman, crobman. fils, fowls, 
vonlz, w. ; vaulz, b. 

REARED or BRED, par^. Megys, mygys, w. ; my- 

REASON or CAUSE, s. Ceson, cheson, ceyson, key- 
ion, w. ; cheyson, efts, p. ; k&z, b. ; kananskis, p. 

REBOUND, V. ArgQa, p. 

REBUILD, V. Thererel, b. See TO RAISE UP. 

REBUKE, V. Omdhal, b. 

REBUKED, part. Rebecis, w. 

RECEIVE, V. Cemeres, kemer^s, gemer^s, cymer^, 
kyraer^s, w. ; kymeraz, astel, reseye, p. 

RECEIVED, part. Ryseve, b. 

RECENT, NEW, FRESH, LATE, adj, Newedh, 

newydh, nowydh, w. ; noweth, nooth, nouedzha, p. ; 

pals, p. 

RECENTLY, adv. Agensow, agynsow, k. Ageiuow 
my e^nyttelasf 1 saw him recently, b.i>. 911. 

RECESS, 9. Ctl, ktt, chll, kyl, kyll, hyll, w. 

RECKON, V. (To connt or number). Nivera, nevera, 
w, ; amontyi, b. 

RECLINE, 9. Gorwedha, corwedha, gorwedha, w. ; 
gnrvedhn, b. ; growedh^, w. ; groweth, p. ; growedh, 
B. ; gomedh, p. 

RECLUSK, 9. (Female). Manaes, w. 

RECOGNIZE, V. Aswon, aswony, aswonyn, aswtm* 
vos, p. 

I RECOGNIZE. Adzhan, azwen. These are late cor- 
ruptions of aswon, to recognize, w. 

RECOIL, V. Argila, w. 

RECOLLECT, v. Covio, w. 

RECOLLECTION, 9. Adof, oovath, odv, c6f, k&f, co, 
w. ; kof, govenek, p. 

RECOMPENCE, *. Gober, gobar, gobyr, w. ; golir, 
gubar, gu, gnu, p. ; pewas, w. 

RECONCILE, 9. Cysolatha, dho kysalatha, w. 

RECOVER, V. Cevarvos, w. ; kevarvoz, p. 

RECOVER, V. (To get or take back again). Dasoeme- 
ras, dazkemeraz, p. 

RECOVER, «. (As from sickness). Dasvew6, hethy, 

RECTIFY or MAKE RIGHT, v. Ewne, ewnn^, ewna, 
w. ; dha enna, p. ; enna, b. ; onna, rethewno, reth 
ewno, p. 

RED or RED-COLOURED, adj. Ridh, w. ; rydh, 
riid, mdh, ruth, ruydh, p. ; myth, h. ; coch, couch, 
oyrec, w. ; oyrek, p. 

REDDISH, adj. Rydhic, w. ; rydhik, b. ; rydik, p. 

REDEEM, t^. Disprenna, dasprenna, dysprenna, w. ; 
dyprenu. p. ; dysprenne, dysprene, w. ; th} spreen, 
O.M. 1935. Oenys a thy9preen an by 9, bom to redeem 
the world, cm. 1935 ; prenna, p. ; prenne, prynny, 
w. ; pryne, p, ; pema, attamye, w. ; attamy, p. 

REDEEMER, 9. Dysprynniar, dysprynias, dyspryn- 
nyas, w. Mdp dev agan dysprynnya9, Son of God 
our Redeemer, p.c. 404 ; pemar, w. See also 

RED-FERN, *. Reden rydh, w. 

RED-HAIRED, adj. Pedn-ryth, p. ; pedn rydh, b. ; 

pedn rooz, w. 
RED-HEADED, adj. The same as for redJiaired, q.y. 

A RED HEAD. The same as for red-haired. 

RED-HOT, adj. Oyrec, oyrek, oyrech, b. Lit. Gold 

RED-LEAD, *. Melet, liu melet, w. ; plobm rydh, b. 

Digitized by 





BEDWING or WHINNARD. m. Suellak, p. This 
name now spelt twellack, is still used in Cornwall. 

EEED, *. (A reed). Pendiwen, w. ; pendinen, b. ; 
hescen, heschen, coilen, w. ; koilen, kuilan, corsen, 
korsen, gorsen, p. ; kuillan, b. ; brunnen, bronnen, 

A KEED OF STRAW. Owadegala (gwad6 gala), p. 

REED, s, (To thatch with). Soul, zoul, w. 

REEL or STAGGER, v. Thysplevya, thysplevyas, p. 

REFECTORY, s. Bindom (?), p. (Perhaps buidom). 

REFRAIN, r. Ymdenne, w. 

REFRESH, V. Dysehy, w. 

REFUGE, A REFUGE, «. Guest, p. 

REFUGEE, 9. Fadic, p. 

REFUSE, V, Nache, nah^, nacha, naha, nea, w. ; 
naghe, nagha, p. ; naugha, reneag, b. ; ynnya, sconya, 
sconye, w. ; asconya, p, 

REFUSE or RUBBISH, s, Atal, attle, w. ; heny- 
ways, hennaways, p. ; caff, guff, gard, d. These 
words are still used by Cornish miners. 

Scolluck, D. 

8PALLING. Halvan. d. 

REFUSAL, s. Ynny, ynnyas, w. My a wra prest hep 
ynny^ I will do at once without refusal, o.m. 2148. 

REGARD, ESTEEM, *• Gre, w. ; govys, wow, woo- 
lack, vry, p. 

REGARD, NOTICE, s. Fara, w. 

REGARD, 8, (With respect to, in that case). Areth, 
dyweth, dywyth, k^n, p. 

REGARD or ESTEEM, v. Gomeal, govys, w. 

REGION, PART, DISTRICT, «. Tu, w. ; tew, p. 

REGION, «. (A region, a country). Bro, vro, gwl4d, 
w. ; gulad, b. ; glds, gwl4s, w. ; ulas, p. ; ulaz, b. 
For more forms see COUNTRY. 

THE MIDDLE REGION. Pervedh (a hertedh, with- 
in), w. 

REGRATOR, s. (Trader). Gwicher (coynt). PI 
Gnyckoryon, p. See also MERCHANT. 

REGRET, *. Beam, b6m, v^m, hireth, hyreth, w. 

REGRETTING, «. Hireth, hyreth, w. 

REINS or LOINS, «. Mellow, p. Re dorraw mellow 
y gyn, the reins of his back may break, p.c. 1619 ; 
duiglun {Liu The two hips) ; lonath, b. 

REJECT, V. Dynach^, sconya, sconye, w. ; hepcor, 
B.D. 1483. Monie the hepcor an toy, to go to reject 
the joy, B.D. 1433. 

wenhe, lowenny, w. 

REJOICING, 9. Goluan, $.«., the time of lights or 
bonfires, b. 

RELATE, V. Cewsel, kewsel, w. ; keusel, p.^ gewsel, 
geusel, daryvas, dyryvas, w. 


Cerer. gever. in y gever, in relation to him, w. 

RELIABLE, a<^'. Yen, p. 

RELIEF, SUPPORT, *. Gew. On many estates in 
the west, one of the best fields is c^cd the gew9^ 
probably from hence as being the stay and support, 

RELIEVE, V. Dyffres, dhyffres, w. 

RELINQUISH, v. Esgara, gasa, gase, w. 

REMAIN, V. Cyrtas, w. ; kyrtaz, b ; trig6, drig6, 
trega, drega, trege, dreg4y w. 

HE REMAINED. Drigas, a mutation of tfigoi, 8 
pers. 8. preterite of triga^ to remain, w. 

HE WILL REMAIN. Dric, a mutetion of irk, also 
written trig, 3 pers. s. fut. of triga^ to remain, w. 

REMAINDER, e. Remenat, w. 

REMARKABLE, adj. SeUic, w. 

REMEDY, *. Mydhygyeth, w. ; mythygyeth, ej). 

REMEMBER, i;. Covio, govys, w. ; perko, perkou,p. 

REMEMBER. Cof, p. ; percou, w. ; perko, pergho, b. 

SHALL REMEMBER. Cofua (cov6 ?), w. 

REMEMBERED, adj, Covenec, govenec, w. 

REMEMBERING, adj, Covys, w. ; kovys, p. ; kovyx, 


REMEMBRANCE, $. Cof, c6v, co, w. ; core, c.w. 
2233 ; kof, ko, b. ; kiif, p. ; covath, w. ; cofua, P.O. 
227 ; cofva, N. ; govenek, b. 

REMEDY or CURE, «. lag, yly, w. 

REMISS, adj. Lac, w. 

REMISSION, J. Dewellens, dewyllyens, dewhyllyans, 
w. ; dywUy, p. 

REMIT or FORGIVE, v. Wis. Da Dew thoihef a 
wdSf and God to him did remit, p. 

REMNANT or REMAINDER, e. Remenat, b. 

REMOTE, adj Pel, pell, bell, w. 

REMOTENESS, s. Pelder, peUder, w. 

REMOVE, i;. Mose, \rose, ommely, umhelys, w.; 
heny, p. 


REMOVAL, «. Remoccon, u. 2011- Bemoce^ tkm 
cih' ythySf is removal to the court (of heaven), «. 

Digitized by 





BEND, V, Sqiiardy6, s^nerdye, w. ; sqnerdya, p. ; 
teny, terhi^ tyrry, torn, torry, b. 

BENDEJl Al^GRY, TO ANGER, v. Serry, sorry, 
w. ; sorren, p. 



RENOUNCE, V. Hepcor, w. 

RENOWN, 9. Clor, gerda {ger da, a good word), gor- 
dhyans, gworyans, w. ; guorhyans, p. 

RENOWNED, a^\ Geriitda, w. 


RENT or TEAR, «. Squeid, squard, w. Still used 
in ComwalL 

REPAIR, e. Therevel, b. For other forms see RAISE 

REPAST, *. Prys, preys, pres, pr^s-buz, w. ; guledh, 


REPENTANCE, a. Edrec, eddrek, edrek, w. ; edrak, 
p. ; eddrak, b. ; eddrag, c.w. 2339 ; yddrag, c.w. 
1141 ; edrege, p. ; edrega, v. 2175. Pan iis dywky 
edrega, since you have repentance, m. 2175. 

REPENTANT, adf. Eddrak, c.w. 717. An hargayne 
ny vytk eddrak, of the bargain he will not be repent- 
ant, C.W. 717. 

REPLENISH, V, Cowlenwel, gowlenwel, w. ; goullen- 
well, p. ; lenwel, w. 

REPLY, V. Worthyby, p.c. 2493. Oweugh vy the 
worihyhy, allow me to reply, p.c. 2493. For other 
forms see ANSWER, v. 

REPORT, s. (Statement, rumour). Ger, g^s, s6n, 
w. Pyth yw an wh$thlow ha^n adn, what are the tales 
and the report ? b.d. 608. 


REPOSE, V, Pow^s, powesy, w, ; rebowes, p. ; syppo- 

sia, w. ; syppozia, p. 
REPOSE, *. Powes, w. ; ehan, p. 
A PLACE OF REPOSE or REST. Powesva, w. 
REPRESS, V. Omdhal, w. 
4E-PRINT, V. Dasargraphia, w. ; dazargrafa, p. 
REPROACH, *. Belyny, velyny, drocger, drogger, w» 
REPROACH, V. Flamya, w. ; slumyas, b. 

REPROACHED, part. Rebecis, drocgerut, drSg 
geriit, w. ; drSg-gerat, p. 

REPROBATE, «. Dr6cgerut, dr6kgeryt, b. See also 

REPROOF, *. Molath, p. ; mollath, molleth, molloth, 
w. PL Molathow, moUathow, mollethow, mollot- 
how, w. 

REPTILE, $. Prif , prif, pr6v, pryf, w. PI Pryves, 
w. ; prevyon, ir. 

REPUGN, V. Omdhal, w, 

REPULSE, 8. Innias, w. PL Inniadow, w. ; innia- 
dou, p. 

REQUEST, s. Govynnad, goyenec, w. ; govenek, o.n. 
453. Jtdg thym yma govenek, for my request is, o.k* 
453 ^ lawe, w. ; orphenniaz, p. 

REQUIRE, t;. Galen, cria, creia, greia, greiah, p. 
Dho greiah rdg, to require or call for. 


REQUITAL, 8. Dalasias, droggiis, drog-grds, w. Tn 
drdg-grde tKy dae Adam, in requital to his father 
Adam, o.ii. 550. 

REQUITE, V, Taly, w. ; tyly, p. ; dalvith, b. 

REQUITED, part Tylys, w. 

RESEMBLANCE, 8. Havalder, w. ; aval, haval, avell, 


RESEMBLING, pa/rU Haval, havel, w. 


RESENTMENT, #. Sor, sorras, f6r (?), p. 

RESERVE, r. Reordiny, p. 

RESIDE, V. See DWELL, t?. 

RESIGN, t?. Dascor, w. ; cummyn, gemyn, gymyn, p. 

RESIST, x>. Omdhal, w. 

RESOLUTE, adi. Glew, w. 

RESOLUTION, *. Doul, dowle, p. 

RESPECT, t?. Gomeal, parthy, perthy, w.; pertha, 
B. ; perchy, w. 


RESPECT, REGARD, 8. Govys, vry, wow, woolack, 

p. ; woolac, b. 
GOOD RESPECT. Woolac da, b. 

IN RESPECT OF. Herwyth, heruyth, p. ; heruedh, 
kyfEris, B. 


RESPITE, 8. Symueth, p. 

RESPLENDENT, adj. Spl&n, spl4dn, w. 

RESPOND, r. Goriby, gorryby, gortheby, gorthyby, 

worthyby, w. 
RESPONSE, *. Gorib, gorrjb, gortheb, gorthyp, w. 

REST or PEACE, *. Oesoleth, kesoleth, cysolath, 
cyzaleth, w. ; kysoleth, kysalath, p. ; cosoleth, 
gosoleth, w. Yn w gtdae ha ooeoleth, in my hmd 
and rest, o.m. 518; cr^s, creys, creez, p. Nyn 
geuyth crie, takes no rest, p.c. 1882; pow^s, w. ; 
powas. c.w. 1515 ; ehan, p. ; powesra, bowesva, w. 
Men yw dyth a boweeva, this is a day of rest, ox. 

REST or REMAINDER, 8. Remenat, w. 

REST, V. Hedhy, powes, powesy, w. Co8k war the 
tdr ha yowie, sleep on thy belly and rest, o.m. 2070 ; 
bowes, rebowes, p. 

Digitized by 





TO BE AT REST. Cesce, kesky, cu8o4, cuik6, 
cosce, cusga, cysga, kusga, kysga, b. 

Powesy, po8^, w. ; posse, bosse, f. ; restona, b. 

HE RESTED. Bowesas, a mutation of powesas, w. 

HE WILL REST. Bowes, a mutation of powes, w. 

RESTORED, pari. Dighthtyaa, b. 

RESURRECTION, s. Dedhoryans, dasserchyans, 
dbasserghyans, dhasserohyani, w. ; thaaserghyens, 
B.D. 2632; taserghys, b.; derafiCa, w. ; tery-fas, 
theryvas, b. 

RETAIN, V. Duethy, p. 

RETAINED, part. Duedhaz, p. 

RETINUE, *. Cosgor, kosgar. w. 

RETIRE, V. Anneyley, w. 

RETIREMENT,*, Kil, b. 

RETRACT, V. Dynach6, fye, w. ; fu^, p. 

RETREAT or FLIGHT, *. Fo, w. ; ito, b. 

RETRIBUTION, s. Dyal, k.d. 723. 

RETURN, V, Thewhylly, o.m. 2196. 8av vynmre 
thewhylly, but always that thou return, o.m. 2196. 

TO RETURN or COME HOME. Maoz dan dre, p. 

I MAY RETURN. Tewhyllyf , a mutation of dewhy- 
Uyf, 1 pers. s. subj. oi.dewhel^ to return, w. 

REVELATION, ». Discwedhyans, dysquadhyens, 
w. \ disquethians, p. 

REVENGE, V. DyH6, p. 

REVENGE, s. Dial, dyal, dyhal, drdggrfts, dr*g. 
gr^s, w. 

REVENGED, part, Dyliez, b. 

REVERENCE, «. Kadar, b. 

REVEREND, adj. DyhogaU, w. ; dyogall, p. ArWth 
dyhogally rererend Lord, w. 

REVILING, adj. Drogdavasec, w. ; drokdavazek, b. ; 
mollethiaDs, w. 

REVIVE, V. (To lire again). Dasrew^, dhasvew^, 
w. ; dyerbeue, p. ; dyerbine (?), b. ; rewei^, p. 

REWARD, V. Dalheugh, tyly, p. ; talvega, b. ; tal- 
uyth, r. i/# an taluyth thugh^ I will reward you, p. 

REWARD, f. Gober gobar, gobyr, w. ; goober, 
guber, B. ; gubar, gobr, gu, gun, p. ; pewas, gwery- 
son, weryson, w. 

RIB, 8. Asen, w. ; asan, o.w. 395 ; ason, o.w. 450 ; 
azan, b. PL Asow, w. ; assow, c.w. 1572. 

RIBBAND, s. Funen, sn6d, w. 

RICH, adj. Berthog, b. ; cefuidoc, covaithak, w. ; 
kovaithak, p. ; wuludoc, w. ; puludoc, b. ; ptth, 
pith, p. 

RICH or FRUITFUL, adj. Voeth, reath, p. 

RICH AND PURE. (As of tin ore). Scove, n. 

RICHARD, DICK, s. Hecca, w. ; Hecka, p. 

RICHES, $. CoTaxth, w. ; koTaitii, pethom, pythoi, p. 

RICK, #. Dise, b. 

A RICK OF HAT. Bern, w. 

RIDDLE or SIEVE, s. Ridar, w. ; ridara kadier, p. 

RIDDLE or SIFT, v. Croddr^, kroddr6, w. 

RIDE, V. Morogeth, marogeth, Tarogeth, w. ; goait- 
hek, p. 

IIT, 9. Crib, w. ; krib, b. ; 
:OUSE. Crib an ty, erfb an 

greab, grib, w. -^ 

tshyi krib an chi, b. 

RIDGE OF A HILL. M^dzhovan, b. ; oiib, gieab, 
erib, cein, cyn, gein, hein, w. ; jAn, b« For otiier 
loims of eein^ see BACK. 

RIDGE or DAM, 9. Astyllen, n. A mining ttim 
still used. 

RIDGE OF ROCKS. (When bare at hall tide). Bany, 

RIDICULE, V. Cuthil-g^ kuthil-g^ p. 

RIGHT, adj. (Correct). Ewn, ewen, eon, w. ; ynion, 
B. ; eun, p. ; eTU, o.m. 2525. L§myn tikr ylhfv mu 
hys, now oeitainly it ia the right length, o.x. 2625. 

RIGHT, adf. (Proper). Poran, r. (Exact, b.) 

RIGHT, STRAIGHT, EVEN, adj. Compos. conq)e8, 
compys, cympes, kympez, w. ; compez, b. ; thjg- 
gyow, P. ; ppran, w. 

Dyehow, dliychow, w. ; d^rghou, p. ; dygow, thyg- 
hou, B. Leffe thyghau, ^e right hand, b. ; thyggyow, 
dythyow. p. ; dyhow, dyow, w. ; dyhou, thyow. p. 
Yn nifa thyow thu^m td9, in heaFen at the rigjitof 
my father, b.b. 1582; dehou, his, p. A hdn^ §hy 
from rinht to left, p. 

RIGHT, adj. P<ir. w. P^r wyr$ im iw, right truly I 
am, c.w. 3. 

RIGHTLY, adv. Poran, w. ; dyg, eun^ ewn^, lei, 
leal, p. 

RIGHT OVER. Poran wir, b. 

RIGHTEOUS, <wf/. Guyryon,M.2147. TanpArywyr- 
yon, yery righteous people, m. 2147. 

RIGHTNESS, «. (Exactness). Combrynsy, w. ; com- 
brinsy, p. 

RIGOUR, 9. Echen, hechen, ehen, hehen, w. ; ngol, 


RIME, 9. (Hoar frost), Glit, w. 

RIND, 9. (As of a tree, &c.) Riak, p. ; rise, rose, 
ruscen, w. 

RING, 9. Bisaw, besaw, w. ; besau, p. ; bezan, b. 
bison, w. 

A GOLD RING. Besaw our, w. ; bezau our, p. 

Digitized by 





ruy, modereuy, b. The same term is also used for a 

RING, *. (To play in). Clos, p. 

RING.DOYE, #. Kydhon, b. ; kylobman kiiz, ( fVood^ 
dove), p. 

RIPE, a(fj\ Ao, arvez, w. 

RISE, V, Drehevel, w. ; trehevel, p. ; dereval, w, ; 
derebal, p. ; dreval, w. ; dhrehuel, dreheuel, p. ; 
sevel, syvel, w. ; seval, sewel, syuel, sef, p. ; sorgya, 
dho sorgya, w. ; thethoras, b. 

TO RISE AGAIN, v. Dasserchy, dhasserchy, w. ; 

dasserghy, dathergy, thaserhy, p. ; dasserhy, tas- 

serhy, tasserchy, w. ; thasserghy, k,d. 1081 ; ded- 
hory, dethory, w. 

SHALL RISE AGAIN. Trehavo, treharo; p. 

RISE UP, STAND UP. Sav, soth, b. 

RISEN UP. Dyenkys, b. 


RISK, s. Perill, peryl, feryl, w. 

RIVE, V. Fallia, w. ; fellia, b. ; feldzha, w. See 

RIVER, s. Avon, aun, awan, gy, w. ; gwy, p. ; wy, 
w. ; vy, p. ; goher, hM, hdll, heil, haH, heyle, b. ; 
thour, p. ; dour, w. Dreys dour tyher, through the 
riyer Tyber, k.d. 2214; tim, Fohohele; ruan, w. 
Polruan, the pool of the river, w. ; karrag, b. This 
{karrag) is a doubtful word ; but Pryce applies the 
term earrog to a brook. ^ 

A GREAT RIVER or FLOOD. Aiian br&s, p. 

hayle, p. 

RIJTER-BANK, *. Torlan, tomeuan an avon, b. 

RIVER-BED or CHANNEL, ». Tr6t, p. 

RIVULET, s, Gover, guuer, w. ; guver, guner, b. ; 
ick, p. , lacca, w. A water-course is still called a 
lake at Lostwithiel. 

ROACH, 8, (Fish). Rocca, tallok, talhoc, b. 

ROAD, *. ^ Fordh, w. ; f6rd, f6r, w. ; forth, forth, p. ; 
v6rdh, vor, w. Ha war forth ny a gafae^ and on the 
road we met, r.d. 1474. PL Furu, vuru, w. 

ROAD or JOURNEY, ». {Iter, Lat.) Cerdh, kerdh, 
kerd, cerch, kerch, w. 

ROAR, V. (As a Uon). Pedhigla, w. 

ROARING, part. A pedhigla, w. 

ROAST, r. Rostia, w. 

ROAST MEAT, *. Guleit, w. 

ROB, v. Ladra, laddre, w. ; lyttry, robbia, p. ; ra&ai 
K. 2144. 

ROBBING, part. Raffna, x. 2091. Neh a eavi erhyn 
rt^fiMy who speaks against robbing, it. 2091. 

ROBE, *. Pows, bows, fows, w. ; pons, p. ; bous, n. ; 
dylles, M. 3003. Guynke the dylUs yth kerhyn, put 
on thy robe around thee, m. 3003. 

A PURPLE ROBE. Purpur, w. 

ROBBER, s. Lader, w. ; ladar, p. ; ferhiat, b. ; rob- 
bior, p. 

ROBBERS, i, Ladron, laddron. w. ; ladhron, ladran, 
laddam, p. 

ROBIN, 8. Ruddoc, w. ; ruddock, p. Still used in 

ROCK, 8. Carrag, carrac, carak, p. ; karrak, karak, 
kraig, carreg, b. ; carrick, garrik, garrac, garag, p. 

ROCKS, 8. Kerrig, &c. 

Rany, n. 

ROCK or CLIFF, *. Clegar, cleghar, clicker, cligga, 

A STEKP ROCK. Clog, w. ; clogwyn, p. 

A HIGH ROCK Cam, w. ; keame, p. 

A HIGH PLACED ROCK. Tor, torr, b. 

leh, p. 

kruml^h, p. 

A ROCKY PLACE. Cam, w. ; keame, p. 

ROCKING, adj\ Logan. Hence '' Logan Rock," the 
rocking rock. 

ROCKY, adj, Cemic, w. ; kemick, p. 

ROCK-FISH, s. Talhac, w. ; talhoc. p. 

ROD, s. Gwelen, w. ; guelen, welen, b. JFele dyn 
poh y welen, see for us every one his rod, m. 3294 ; 
guaUen, guaylen, gwelan, w. ; guelan, guailan, p. 

A ROD or TWIG. Guaglen, b. 

RODS, 8. Gweel, gw^l, w. ; gueel, b. ; gwelynny, 
w. ; geulinny, p. ; guelynny, m. 3298 ; guellynni, p. 

ROE, 8. (The female of the hart). lorches, w. ; 
yorch, p. 

ROE- BUCK, X. lorch, yorch, w. ; yorkh, kytiorch, 
kydiorch, p. ; kidiorch, p. 

ROGUE, 8. Gw&s, gu4s, harlot, w. ; losel, p.c. 2589 ; 
dicreft, b. ; cam, p.c. 1126. Syttyough dalJiennow 
yn camy set hands on the rogue, P.O. 1126. For other 
names see RASCAL. 

ROLL, V. Rgruatt, ruilla, b. ( Voluto, Lat) 

ROLL or WALLOW, v. Egruath, w. 

ROME, *. (The city). Reven, w. ; Revc, p. ; Ruan, 

ROMAN, adj. Rouan. Pol rouan, the Romanpooi, 
b. a di^erent meaning is given under RFvER, 

ROMAN, 8. (A Roman). Revenuer (J^even-gour), w. 

Digitized by 





ROMANS, i. Tiz-Rikm, t.^., Rome folks, or men of 
Rome, B. 

ROMP or HOIDEN, «. Hoeden, w. 

ROOK, «. Braiidr6. Lit, Town crow, b. 

ROOF, V. Ty, w. 

ROOF, 8. To, w. ; nenbren, b. Pryce calls the roof 
(ceiling ?) of a chamber nenbren, 

ROOFER, f. Tyor, w. 

ROOM, s. (i.e.f a larg:e room, also a bam). Sciber. 
scibor scaber, skibor, skyber, w. Vn $ki/ber efan yn 
ic6ny a large room soon, p.c. 638. From this quota- 
tion it appears that tJiyher^ &c., apply to a room of 
any size. 

A GROUND ROOM. SoUer, sailer, n. 

ROOT, *. Gwredh. gwreydh, gwredhan, w. ; gured- 
han, p. ; gwrydhen, grueiten, w. ; gureitan, p. ; 
grueirten, b. 


ROOTS, 8. Gwrydhyow, w. ; gwrethow, c.w. 1828; 
gurethow, c w. 1902 ; guredhiou, p. 

TO ROOT TIP. V. Clowte, p. 

TO ROOT UP GROUND. Gwaythy, gweth^, guethc, 
lethy, p. 

TO TAKE ROOT, v. Gwrydhye, w. 

ROOTED, part Gurythvys, p. 

ROPE, *. Guzen, b. ; lovan, w. ; lonan, p. Oan8 
louan ha ehayny8 yen, with a rope and cold chains, p.c. 

ROPES, 8, Lavonowe, c.w. 2291. 

A SMALL ROPE. Lovannan, w. 

l^OSE, 8. Breilu, w. ; breily, b. (Borlase calls a prim- 
rose hreilu) ; rosen, b. 

ROT, 8. Poth, M. 3066. Pedry ye kyk avel p6th, thy 
flesh putrid like rot, m. 3066. 

ROT, r. Pedre, pedry, peddry, podr^, w. ; potre, p.; 
centreyny, kentreyny, w. 

HE MAT ROT. Potro, 3 pers. s. subj. of pedri, to 
rot, w. 

ROTTEN, adj. Pesach, w. ; podrethek, m. 641 ; pey- 
drennow, p. ; casadow, w. ; kesadow, p. ; gasadow, 

A ROTTEN THING. Podar, p. 

ROTTENNESS, e. Podreth, harlutry, w. 

-ROUGH, adj, Ghirow, w. Tma dour ow mde garowy 
the water is going rough, b.d. 2298 ; garou, b. ; garo, 
gara, guariow, p. ; gurov, m. 3210. Pan veuafdl ha 
garoVt though he be mad and rough, x. 3210 ; harow, 
w. ; haro, haru, p. ; huero, b. ; hager, anwhec, difeid, 
w. ; roche, rtuch, i>. 

BOUGH or RUDE, adj. Coynt, w. 

A ROUGH DEALER. Gwicker coynt, p. 

ROUGHNESS, » Yeinder, b. 

ROUND, CIRCULAR, adj. Cren, w. ; kren, kern, 
pyr, p. 

ROUND or CIRCLE, *. Bondhat, w. 

ROUND or CIRCLE, #. (To play in). Clos, p. 

A ROUND BODY or BALL. PeUen, w. 

A ROUND HEAP OF riTONKS. Cr{kg. crig, d. 


ROUND ABOUT. Adro, edre, edr6 dro, w. ; a der 
dro c.w. 1431 ; am, p. 

ROUNDED, adj, Criim, cr6m, w. ; krom, croom, 
crobm, b. Brd8 ha crdm y ben yolis, large and 
rounded its lower end, cm. 2443. 

ROUT, TUMULT, «. Randigal, b. This is now a 
provincial word for a rambling tale. 

ROW, 8. (Quarrel among miners). Bal por, d. See 

ROW or LINE, s. Rew, w. 


ROWER, 8. Ruivadur, rui&idur, reradar, w. ; rm- 
vadar, b. ; reuadar. p. 

ROYAL, adj. Ryal, w. ; ryel, p.; real, bryntyn, 
brentyn, w. ; ruif, b. 

ruif, B. ; gurhemin ruif, p. 

ROYALTY, 8. Mychtem(:s, myhtemeth, royt^neth, 
mychtemeth, vychtemeth, w. ; my^temetii, v}gb- 
temeth, k. ; reelder, M. 2942. Axaltys te reelder, 
exalted to royalty, m. 2942. 

RUB, V. Gueska, guesga, b. ; rhyttia, w. ; rhittia, 
rhuttia, b. Rhyiti marh na, rub that horse, b. Dko 
rhittia^n dha, to rub well, w. 

RUBBISH, s. Cagal, b. The rubbish or rubble from 
the shoad pits is called ^tio^, n. The name rakbm^ 
is, says Borlase, '* that mixture of clay and stone 
which has not been moved since the flood, and 
generally lies over the kam^ the head or rocky 
ground below the rabban^*^ i.e., the rubbish or 
rubble above. RubbLsh or stuff is also called caif» 
guff, D. 

THE RUBBLE OF GRANITE. Rab, n. See also 

WORK. Stent, J). 

RUDDKR, 8. Leu ; Lew yurhal, Leu yurhal, the blip's 
rudder ; lahvelet, leu pi obil, p. 

RUDDY, adf. Oyrec, w, ; oyrek, p. {Lit. Golden); 
ridh, rudh, ruydSi, ruth, rooz, p. 

RUDE or ROUGH, adf. Coynt, w. 
RUDE, o^f. (Churlish). Gocy, wocy, w. ; goky, woky, 

Digitized by 





EUDE, RAW, NEWLY MADE, adf. Criv, w. ; 

BUE, *. (The plant). Rute, ryte, w. 

IIUE, V. Pea, b. 

BUFFLE, V, Djstempra, m. 2937. Thtethyv y dys- 
t9uipr% a pity it is to ruffle him, m. 2937. 

BUG, », Pengoghret, b. See also FUR GOAT. 

RUGGED, a^\ Oarow, harow, w. ; garo, haro, 
hara p. 

RUIN. s. D4r, m. 963. Ddr ny regh vry, ruin you 
don't regard, m. 953. 

RUIN, V, Deetrewy, dhestrewy, w. ; dyetrewy, 
trystrywy, p. ; diswruthyl, w. ; dyswruthyl, dyswy- 
thyl, dizurythyl, p. ; disU, w. ; dizil, diswel, p. ; 
dyswel, dhyswul, w. ; dyswul, p. ; diswul, diswrey, 
w. ; dyswrey, dizurey, diswreys, p. ; destna, w. ; 
dho diswrug, p. 

RUINED, part. Dizureys, &c. See RUIN, v. 

RULE or REGULATION, «. Loe, rowl, reel, w. 

RULE, V. (Guide or govern). Rewle, rewly^, rowlia, 
w. ; roula, p. ; roulla, b. 

RULE, $. (A nine foot rule to measure land). Oord, 


RULER or GOVERNOR, «. Rowler, w. ; roulw, b.; 
mil, r^y, arluth, arludh, arluidh, w. ; luder, b. 

A FEMALE RULER. Luifanes, ruivan^, w. 

BUM, $, Dour tahm LoUas. Lit, The American or 
West Indian hot-wator. 

RUMP or BUTTOCK, *. Cylhah, kylbah, Idst, w. 

RUN, V. Pony^. w. ; ponya, p. ; punnia, w. ; punnio, 
b ; punnya, poynye, w. Vikys na yllyn ponyS, I 
could not run immediately, p.c. 2510. 

RUN or FLOW, v. Redec, resec, resek, w. ; rees, p. 

HE WILL RUN. Reys, r^s, 3 pers. s. fut. of resse, 

to run, w. 
TO RUN AWAY, v. Fye, fue, w. ; punnya ker, 

ehed, p. ; skesy, scusy, skusy, b. ; fade, d. 

RUNAWAY,*. Fadic, B. 

RUNNING, <k/y. Re, w. 

A RUNNING NOOSE. Colm re, w. 

RUPTURE, V. Terry, terhi, tyrry, torry, w. ; torn, 

RUSH, *. (The plant). Bronnen, brunnen, w. ; bryd- 
nan, brydn, b. ; gweth, gueth, p. ; purvan, b. 

THE SEA RUSH. {Arundo arenaria). Starr, d. 

RUSH-HEAD, *. (A term of contempt). Pen 
bronnen, x.d. 2096. 

nick, p. 

RUSH MAT, *. Strail elester, w. ; strail-lestre, b. 

TO RUSH OUT, V. Redec, reeec, resek, w. ; rees, p. 

RUSHY, adj, (Of the plant). Bruinic, w. 

RUST, 8. €hd, gossan, gozan, w. ; marg, merel, b. 

RUST. 8. (Of com). Cankar, p. ; kankar, p. ; 
colbran, colibran, n. 

RUSTY, a^. Gal, w. 

RUSTIC, 8. (One from the country). Tioc, tyoc, 
tiak, tyac, dyac, trevedic, w. 

RYE, 8, Sogal, b. ; sugall, sygal, w. 

RYE BREAD. Bara sogal, w. 

A FIELD OF RYE. Sygalek, w. 


" This letter in Cornish and Welsh is an immutable 
radical. In Armoric it is mutable, changing in 
conntruction into s, as $eched^ thirst, ar ze^d, the 
thirst," w. Lex. Corn^ Brit. 

SABBATH, 8. Sabot, p.c. 1604. 

SABLE, adj. Du, diu, dhiu, w. See also BLACK. 

SACK, 8. Sach, zih, w. 

A LARGE SACK. Tigan, b. 

SACRED, adj. Sant, p. ; sanct, sans, san, w. 

SAD, a^. Trest, trist, trewesy, trewysy, w. ; trewisy, 
trowesy, p. ; drewesy, w. ; trauethak, p. ; trom, w, ; 
gwef, gwelh, b. ; morethec, morethek, w. ; wishty 
whisht, D. 

SAD ! exclam. Trew !, tru ! ; govy !, gony !, harow !, 
harrow !, p. See also ALAS! 

SAD IT WILL BE. Gony vyth, p. 

SADDLE, 8. Diber, debr, w. 

SADDLE-GIRTH, «. Gees, geez, giss, geis, n. See 

SADLY, adv. Soweth, sy weth, w. ; seweth, b. ; 
syuedh, w. ; trys, triis, p. 

SADNESS, 8. Awher, tribtans, tristyns, trystyns, 
tristys, trystys, tristyys, w. ; trewath, c.w. 1006 ; 
dib*, p. 

SAFE, adf. Diogel, dyogel, dyougel, dyowgel, 
dyhogel, diougel, p. ; jach, b. ; saw, v. ; sau, p. 

SAFETY, 8. Diahe, dyaha, w. ; cosel, ehaz, gwyth, p. 

SAFFRON, 8. (The wild or meadow saffron). Goit- 
cenin, w. ; goitkenin, goickennin, b. 

SAGACIOUS, adf. Guenuuit, gwenwit, guenwuit, w. 

SAGE, WISE, PRUDENT, adf. F^, feer, fir, fyr, 

SAIL, *. Guil, g61, goil, goyl, w. Yyoyl yn ban^ her 
sail up, B.D. 2291. 

SAIL- YARD, 8. Gwelan g61, w. ; guelan g61, guelan 
goil, B. 

Digitized by 





SAKE, FOR THE SAKE OF. Awoys, m. 1043. 
Awoys dyv rdn, for the sake of two parts, m. 1013. 

FOR THY SAKE. Gothaf, p. 

SAINT, s. Sans, w. ; sanz, zanz, p. ; zans, synt, b. ; 

sant, p. 
A FEMALE SAINT. Sanses. See h. 579. 
SAINTS, *. Sansow, syns, seins, w. ; seinz, p. 
FEMALE SAINTS. Sansesov {saruesow), u. 573. 

ST. JOHN'S FIRES. Tantat St. Jan, i.e., good or 
holy fires of St. John, b. 

SALARY, 8, Gober, gobar, gobyr, gobr, gubar, guu, 

gu, P. 
SALIVA, s. Trifias, w. ; trifiaz, b. 

SALMON, «. Eh6c, w. ; ehuac, eh6g, eaug, p. As a 
plnral Borlase gives iotcmens. 

SALT, $, S^, zil, haloin, w. ; holoine, b. ; holan, 
halan, w. ; halen, b. ; halein, w. 

SALT, V. Salla, zalla, w. 

SALTED, adf. S41, zAl, w. 

SALTED, pari, Sellys, w. ; seUiz, b. 

SALTER, s. Haloiner, w. 

SALT-MAKER, #. Haloiner, w. 

SALT-MARSH, s. Hdl. w. ; haal, o.m. 2708. PI, 
Hallow, w. K^par ha seym py iyyt haaly like train- 
oil or salt-marsh mud, o.ii. 2708. 

SALT FISH. Pesk z41, w. 

SALT-WATER. Hyly, w. 

SALTING-PAN, s, St^n, b. This word, also spelt 
steyne, is in common nse in Cornwall. The same 
word {stSn) is Cornish also for a milk-pail. A coarse 
brown earthenware pan of an oval form is called a 
sttiyy. This last word is also commonly nsed. 

SALUTE, V. Dynerchy, dinerchy, w. ; dinyrghy, p. ; 
dynerhy, w. ; dynerhi, b. ; salugy, p.c. 972 ; sal- 
lugy, p.c. 2126. 

SALUTATION, s, Dynnarch, dhynnarch, w. 

SATiVATION, 8. Sylwans, sylwyans, w. ; selwyans, 
M. 3077 ; selwans, m. 2026 ; sylvans, sylwyas, p. 

SALVE, 8. Urat, yly, w. ; ylly, b. ; ely, m. 1007, 
3079; savment, m. 1376. Marsui iavtntnf in hysma^ 
if there be salve in this world, m. 1376. 

SAME, THE SAME. lUn, r^th. b. ; honys, p. ; c^th, 
k^th, w. A*n kSth rena the^n tyr 8an8, of these same 
to the holy land, o.m. 1879. 

SANCTIFIED, adj. Sanct, w. ; sant, p. ; sans, w. ; 
zanz, p. ; san, w. 

SANCTIFY, V. Sone, sona, zona, nchell6, nhelle, 
ychellas, w. 

SAND, «. Gronan, grean, grow, grou, grouder, w. 

COARSE SAND. Tr^as, b. 

GRAINS OF SAND. Treysy. m. 2399. 

SAND. A SAND, A SAND-BED. *. Trftath, traith, 
dreath, dr^th, draith, drethan Commonly if not 
always nsed of sea-shore sand, as a sandy beach, a 
sandy shore-bank. A hillocky accnmnlation of sand, 
jnst beyond the tide, and sometimes inland from the 
the coast, is called a fowan. There are various forms 
of towan, viz., towan, w. ; towin, towyn, tewen, 
tuan, p. ; tuen, tuyn, w. These towans (a name 
still in common nse) become covered with a fme 
grass of which sheep are very fond. The term 
** towan mutton " is given to sheep which are fed on 
the towans. The flesh is much esteemed. See 

A SAND AREA, or SPOT OF SAND. Drethan, d. 

SAND-ELL, 9, Yisnan, vidnan, n. 


SANDERLING, «. (Bird). Towillee, n. 

SAND-SMELT, «. Gnid, d. 

SANDYX, 8. (Herb). Glesin, b. 

SANITY, *. (Sound health). laches, iech^s, w. 

SAP, 8. Sygan, w. 

FULL OF SAP. fer, w. 

SARACEN, *. Sarsyn, p. The Comish also used to 
name for a heathen. See also SAXON and 

SASH or BELT, #. Grugis, grigis, grigiz, grygia, 
^' ; €»ryi?y8, gwregus, grwegUB. b. ; guris, w. ; 
gouris, grClg, cleddif, dediff, b. 

SATAN, ». Satuas, b. ; Sowthanas, p c. 2417. 

SATIETY, 8. Lanwes, w. 

SATIN. 8, Paly, baly, w. Bethouyh esrcot a hal^, 
reach a surcoat of satin, p.c. 1784. 

SATRAP, 8. Guahalech, ▼. ; guahlegh, p.; guah- 
algeh, B. 

SATURDAY, s, De Sadam, w. ; DeZ^m,p. Hi. 
Satu^'s day. 

SATURN, s. Sadam. w. ; Zadam, b. 

SAUCY or PERT, adf. Corrat, toit. n. 

SAVAGE, adf. Gwylls, w. ; guellz. p. ; guit, w. 

8AYE, V, Sawye, w. ; sawya, c. w. 23 1 1 ; selwel, syl- 
wel, w. ; rensawy, p. 

TO BE SAVED. Selwel, sylwel, w. 

TO SAVE ONE'S SELF. Omsawya, ymsawye, w. 

SA.VINGS or MONEY, *. Cobshans, n. 

SAVIOUR, THE SAVIOUR, s. Sylwadur, tylwad^, 
sylwader, w. ; selwadour, m. 636 ; Salvador, c.w. 
1865 ; Sylvias, p. ; sylwyas, salver, w. ; sawya. an 
sawya, p. 

SAW, V, Terry, terhi, tyrry, torn, tony, b. 

Digitized by 





SAXON, adj. Saeenek, b. ; Saanec, Zaznak, Sowsnac, 

SAXONS, %, Zouzn, b. 

SAT, r. Cewsel, kewsel, w. ; kensel p. ; gewsel, geu- 
sel, gwesys, cowb, w. ; cous, tho cous, p. ; dho koaZ| 
B. ; caws, w. ; kauz, b. ; dhe coxisa, mMh, m^th, 
p. ; lavary, leyerel, laol, lanl, w. 

SAIDy pari. Cewsys, cawsjs, w. ; cawses, p. ; cowsyB, 
w. ; leverys, meth, b. 

SAID HE. M^dh e, fettow, w. 

I SAY. Lavaraf , levaraf , k. 

THEY SAID. Methens, b. 

SAYING, *. (A saying). Ger, larar, w. 

SAYINGS, 9. Diskus, p. 

SCAB, «. (As of a sore). CreTan, w. ; debam, rongn, 
B. ; hnd, scud, d. 

SCABBARD, s. 06n, gCto, w. ; gwftn, p. ; gwein, 
gaein, guain, goyn, w. 

SCABBY, adj. Rougnns, b. 

SCAFFOLDING, «. Horvenow, o.m. 2822. 

SCALD-MILK, «. Leath kither, b. 

SCALDING, adj. (Very hot). Wylast, p. ; ylast, b. 

SCALES, %. (For woighing). Clorian, in&nt61, b. 

SCALLOP, *. (Shell-fish). Gwean, quean, d. This 
is also used for PERRIWINKLE, ^.r. 


SCANDAL, «. Dr6cger. lAL Evil word or saying. 

SCANT, SPARING, adj. Scent, skent, w. ; scant, p. 

SCANTY, adj. Ascant, m. 658. 

SCARCE, adj. (Few). Tanow, tanaw, w, ; tanau, p. 

SCARCE, adj. (Rare). Trawythes, w. ; trauyth^s, 

SCARCE or SCARCELY, <i<fer. Schan, m. 643. Sehav^ 

lour y halla kerthes, scarce enough can I walk, m. 


SCARCITY, «. Tanowder, tanauder, w. 

SCARECROW, «. Bucca, w. ; bucha, p. 

8C\RF, «. St61, w. 

SCATTER, f>. ScoUj^, scuUy^, w. ; skuly^, p.c. 260 ; 
fye, B. For more see SPILL, SHED, POUR. 

WHAT IS SCATTERED. Scyl, skyl, scM, skM, w. 

SCENE, f . (Of a play). Gwardy, w. ; guardy, p. 

SCEPTRE, #. Guailen, b. 

A ROYAL SCEPTRE. Ruyvanadh, b. ; niyfanaid, p. 

SCHEDULE, «. Ymbithionen, w. 

SCHIST, 8. (Clay slate). Eillas, callys, cals, b. 

SCHOLAR, $. (One who is learned). Scdlheic, w. ; 
ao^ heick| p. ; scylur, w. ; skylur, b. PI. Skylurion, 

SCHOLAR or DISCIPLE, s. Desgibl, dysoybel, dis- 
cybel, w. PI. Dyskyblion, p. 

SCHOLARSHIP, «. Lyen, w. ; Utherau, b. 

SCHOLASTIC, «. See SCHOLAR (one who if 

SCHOOL, 8. Sc61, w. 

SCHOOLING, *. Vestrigy, m. 198. Am v$itngy. top 
my schooling, x. 198. 

SCHOOLMASTER, $. Maister mcbion, w. 

SCIENCE, s. Sclent, sceans, skeans, scians, skyans, 
skyens, skeyens, w. ; askenteleth, p. 


SCOFF, TO SCOFF AT, v. Dyale, dyalas, dhyllas, p. 

SCOFF, A SCOFF, #. OH gep, p-J g«yH, »•; 
scoff, p. 

SCOFFER, ». Barth, b. 


SCOLD, V. Deiagla, p. ; ymerio, b. 

SCOLDED, adj. Huscen, d. In Armorio hesken, an 
instrument of torture. 

SCONCE, 8. Spdl. (That used tor a candle). 

SCORE, 8. Ugans, igans, w. ; iganz, b. See 

SCORNFUL, adj. Dyveth. b. ; scherewys. p. 


SCOUR, V. Seha, dho seha, skibia, p. 

SCOURGE, V. Scorgyas, b. 

SCOURGE or WHIP, 8. Scubilen, w. Borlase gives 
this word tor a broom. The scourge used at a 
classical school where I was a scholar, was indeed no 
other than a very small broom, so 8Ctibtlen is correct 
tor both a scourge and a broom, and doubtless, of 
ancient use. 

SCOURGES, 8. Skorgys, k. From the English. 

SCOURING-SAND, 5. Grouder, d. 

SCOWL, V. Scrynky^, o.m. 570. Pup vr arthjf8 av 
8crynkyiy always scowling at thee, o.m. 570. The 
word 8kr%nking is stUl used in the Cornish dialect. 
It refers to one who has a trick of '* screwing " up 
his face and eyes as if he were scowling. 

SCRAMBLE, v. Grambla, dho grambla, p. In the 
Cornish dialect a rough or stony place is called a 
gramhler. To scramble, 8crannyy n, 

SCRAP, *. See BIT. 

A SCRAP of MEAT. Slam, scram, d. 

SCRATCH, V. Scrivinas, w. ; skrivinas, b. ; sdum, 

sdow, scrow, b. 
SCREECH, r. Scryg^, p. ; skryga, b. Jfa 8hr%g, 

don't screech* 
SCREECH-OWL, 8. Berthuan, w. ; stix, p. 

Digitized by 





SCRIBE, *. Scherewys, ?. 

THE SCRIBES. Scherewys, b. See WICKED 

SCRIP, 8. Daver, w. 
SCRIP, «. (A very small bit of anything). Screed, 

skerrick, n. 

SCRIPTURE. Screft, w. ; scrividh, p. 

THE SCRIPTURE. #. Scriptir, sciiptyr, p. 

SCRIPTURES, 8. Scryptours, n. From the English. 

SCRIVENER, «. Scrivlniat, p. 

SCROLL, 8, (Of paper or parchment). Ymbith- 
ionen, b. 

SCULL, 8. Grogen, p.c. 2141. 

SCULLION, «. Guaz hegin, b. This is a misprint. 
It shoold be gua% hegin, (or keghin). Lit. The 
kitchen man, or kitchen servant. 

SCULPTOR, 8. Gravior, b. 

8CUAI, 8, Sponm, b. This word is still used. It is 
pronounced 8poom. 

SCUM, r. Spouma, b. 

SCYTHE, ». Filh, voulz. Williams calls these 
corrupt forms. 

SEA, 8, Mor, w. ; moar, c.w. 88 ; moer, c.w. 865 ; 
moyr, m. 2538 ; vylgy, w. ; weilgi, b. Moyr ha tyr, 
sea and land, m. 2538. Ifdr difeidy mdr diveid, the 
rough or wild sea. Spaven m6r, a smooth sea, w. 
2Va mdr, w. ; tre mdr, b. ; beyond sea. 

SEA CALF. 8. Tahua, w. 

SEA CARP, s. Cunner, o. 

SEA-CAT, s. (Skate). Morcath, w. 

SEA COVE or INLET, *. Gwic. Not eave. See 
CAVE and the Lex. Corn, Brit. 

SEA-COAST, 8. Brou an mor, p. ; brouan mor, p. 
SEA CRAY-FISH, 8. Gaver mdr, w. 
SEA DITCH. («•(?.) PiU. p. 
SEA DOG, 8. Morgi, w. 
SEAMAN, 8. D^n m6r, w. 
SEA-MEW, 8. Saithor, sethar, zethar, w. 
SEA-NEEDLE or GAR-FISH, *. Girac, w. ; girak, 
girrock, geirick, n. 

SEA-PORT, *. Perth, w. ; porh, por, b. See 

drig. w. 

SEA RUSH, 8. (Plant). {Arundo arenaria^ Lot,) 

Starr, n. 
SEA-SHORE, 8. Als, w. ; aut, p. ; arvor, b. ; sian, 

zian, w. ; tomeuan, traeth, b. 

SEA-STRAND, *. See SEA-SHORE. Pryce gives 
as an example, Marazion, ''the market on the 

strand." Borlase says '* the market by the sea side.'* 
The word traeth properly means a sea-shore of sand, 
a sand, or sandbfljik. 

NEAR THE SEA, OF THE SEA. Moresk, m6r. 
ick, P. 

SEA-ROBBER, 8. Ancredvur mor, ancredour, w. 

SEA-WATKR, 8. Hyly, w. ; dour an m6r. 

SEA-TANG or WRACK, 8. Gumman, gubman, w. 

SEA- WEED, 8. Gumman, gubman, w. 

SEAL, 8, (Animal). Tahua, w. ; talgel, p. ; leuirgo, 
B. ; groyne, n. 

SEAM or JOINING, *. Enniou, gwry, w. 

SEAM, 8, Sawe, b. War an 8awe, by the seam, b. 

TO SEARCH FOR, v. Whela, w. ; huila, p. ; hwila, 
chwila, whel^, whelas, hwilas, whylas, whythre, ▼. 

THEY SEARCHED. Hwalsons, more correcdy kwO- 
8on8 or hweUons, being the 3 pers. pi. preterite of hoik 
or whela, w. 

TO SEARCH INTO, v. Croppye, croppy, p. 

TO SEARCH OUT, v. Guydher, p. 

SEARCHER, «. Hwiliog, w. ; huiliog, p. 

SEARING, 8, (A searing or singing). Lose, loek, ▼. 

SEASON, TIME, or PERIOD, 8, Prys, preys, prts, 
prez, prit, termyn, dermyn, termen, w. ; tervyn (?), 

A BAD SEASON. Hagar auel. 

zalla, w. 

SEAT or HABITATION, *. Asedh, w. 

SEAT, s. (To sit on). Se, sedhec, sedhva. w. ; setlie, 
p. ; setha, c.w. 1 6 ; sichen, b. 

SEAT or CHAIR, «. Tutton, b. 

A HIGH SEAT or BENCH. Soler, b. 

TO BE SEATED. Esedh^, ysedhe, w. ; ysethe, p. 

IN THY SEAT. Ysse, a contraction of y% dhe w, w» 

SECOND or NEXT, adf. Nessa, p. ; secund, h. 

SECRESY, 8, Ledradeth, b. 

SECRET PLACES. Wrunch, p. 

SECRETLY, adv. Pryveth, p.c. 598. In nd8 fnyveik, 

at night secretly, p.c. 598. 
SECURE or PRESERVE, v. Anysya, w. 

SECURE, adj. Diogel, dyogel, dhyogel, w. ; diougel, 
p. ; dyougel, dyowgel, prive, w. 

VERY SECURE. Per thewans, per tewans, b. 

SECURITY, 8, Diahe, dyaha, w. Coekyn ng gm 
dyaha, let us sleep with security, &.]>. 402 ; secenler, 
w. ; sekerder, p. ; sekerden, b. 

SECURITY, STRENGTH, #. Crevder, w.; krtvdcr, 

Digitized by 





SEDGE or PLAG, s Elestren, w. ; elesbren (?), p. 

A MAT OF SEDGES. Strail elester, w. 

SEDGE, 8, (A sedge). Hescen, heschen, w. ; pen- 
diuen, b. 

SEDIMENT, 9. Godhas, godho, w. ; grooshans, grow- 
Bhans, grushans, grudgens, grudglLis, griBheoB, d. 
These dialectic words are still used for the sediment 
or grounds of tea, coffee, &c. 

SEDITIOUS, adj. Dislaian, b. 

SEDUCER, «. Lafurye, p. 

SEE, V. Gweles, gwelas, w. ; gwel, ir. ; guelaz, guel- 
la, gweall, gwortheuy, p. ; weles, w. ; wellas, why- 
Uy, rowelas, wylfys, wylfyth, wylfyeth, p. ; moras, 
miras, w. ; mires, n. ; miraz, p. ; myras, w. ; miroz, 
veras, p. ; verays, m. 733 ; viraz, viroz, dho viroz, p. 

TO BE SEEN. Silly, sylly. 

I SEE. Oyv a guelez, b. 

I SAW. 1 Verys, a mutation of merys, 1 pers. s. 
preter. of meras, to see, w. 

2. Welys, a mutation of gtoelys^ I pers. s. preter. 
of gweUSf to see, w. 

HE SAW. Welas, a mutation of gwelas^ 3 pers. s. 
preter. of gweles^ to see, w. 

WE SAW. 1. Gwylsyn, 1 pers. pi. preter. of gwelii^ 
to see, w. 

I DID SEE. Wylyn, a mutation of gwglyn, id.qd. 
gwelytit 1 pers. s. imperf. of gweles^ to see, w. 

I HAVE SEEN. Wylys, a mutation of gwylyi^ id.qd. 
gw$ly8y 1 pers. s. preter. of gwelis, to see, w. 

THOU HAST SEEN. 1. Guelyst, b. 

2. Wylsta, a mutation of gwyUta, a compound 
form of gwglsys, 2 pers. s. preter. of gwelh, to 
see, and U^ thou, w. 

8. Wylsys, a mutation of gtoglsyty id.qd. gweUys, 

2 pers. s. preter. of gweUs, to see, w. 

WE HAVE SEEN. Wylsyn, a mutation of gwylsyn, 
id.qd. gtvekyny I pers. pi. preter. of gweUs, to see, w. 

I HAD SEEN. Welsen, a mutation of gweUm {gueU 
im, B.), 1 pers. s. plup. of gweUs, to see, w. 

HE HAD S{:EN. Quelse, a mutation of gtoelti, 3 
pers. s. plup. of gweles, see, w. 

I SHALL SEE, 1. Gwylfym, w. ; guylfym, b. 

2. Welaf, a mutation of gwelaf, 1 pers. s. fut. of 
gweUiy to see, w. 

8. Whelaf. The aspirate mutation of gwelaf, w. 

THOU SHALT SEE. 1. GwyUy, 2 pers. s. fut. of 
gwelSi, to see, w. 

2. Welfythy a mutation of gwelfytk, 2 pers. s. fut. 
of gweUsf to see, w. 

3. Welte. Composed of wSl, a mutation of gw^l, 

3 pers. 8. fut. of gweUs, to see, and U, thou, 

4. Ti a ueli, ti a yyl, b. 

HE SHALL SEE. 1. Ylr, a mutation of mir, 3 penu 
8. fut. of tnirasy to see, w. 

2. GwM, gweal, 3 pers. s. fut. of gwelis, to see, w. 

3. W^l, a mutation of gwel, 3 pers. s. fut. of 
gweliSf to see, w. 

4. Wfeyl. The same as wSl, q.v. 

5. Wyl. Another form of toil, a mutation of gwU^ 
3 pers. s. fut. of gwelSs, to see, w. 

6. Whylfyth. The aspirate mutation of gwylfyth, 
3 pers. s. fut. of gwelds, to see, w. 

WE SHALL SEE. 1. Welon. A late form of ertf^n, 
a mutation of gwelyn, 1 pers. pi. fut. of gweUi, to 

2. Whyllyn. The aspirate mutation of gwyUyn^ 
I pers. pi. fut. (and subj.) of gweUs, to see, w. 

3. Quelyn, a mutation of gwdyn, 1 pers. pi. fut. 
of gwelds, to see, w. 

YE SHALL SEE. 1. GwyUouch, 2 pers. pi. fut. of 
gwelet, to see, w. 

2. Welouch, a mutation of gweloueh, another form 
of the 2 pers. pi. fut. of gweles, to see, w. 

3. Welch, a late form of welouoh, q.y., w. 
THEY SHALL SEE. Whyrvyth, b. 

I MAY SEE. Hwellam, w. ; huellam, b, 

THOU MAYEST SEE. 1. WyUy, a mutation of 
gu^Uy, 2 pers. s. subj. of gweUe, to see, w. 

2. Whylly. The aspirate mutation of gwyly, 2 
pers. s. subj. of gwelis, to see, w. 

HE MAY SEE. 1. Wella, a mutation of gwella^ 
id.qd. gwello, 3 pers. s. subj. of gweUs, to see, w. 

2. Whello. The aspirate mutation of gweUo or 
gwelo, 2 pers. s. sub. of gweUs, to see, w. 

I SHOULD SEE. . QueUen, a mutation of gwelen^ I 
pers. s. subj. of gwelis, to see, w. 

SEE, SEE THOU. Gwothemys, b. 

SEt', SEE YE. Mirouch, mirough, merrow, b. 

SEE, SEE, LOOK, LOOK. Mere, mere, meir, meir, 

SEE, BEHOLD. Otte, wette, w. ; wetta, welte, ir. ; 

ota, ote, ottensa, ottensy, p. ; yta, w. See BEHOLD. 

SEE HERE. Awatta, awot, awottue, awett6, attoma, 

p. ; ottoma, w. 
DO YOU SEE? Gwelta? (^tt^tftt«f#^?), w. 
SEEING THAT. W68, pa, b. 
SEEN, p<^t. Gwylys, w. ; guellys, huellaz, b. 
HAVE SEEN. Gwylvyth, b. 
SEED, *. HAs, h4z, hays, w. 
SEEDSMAN, «. Gynnadar, w. ; gynnadwur, p. ; 

gynnodur, b. 

Digitized by 





SEEDY, adj. BHizick, p. 

SEEM, V. i^illy, syllj. My a •ylly in Uma, to me it 
seemed in that hour, p. 

IT SEEMS. Ythvy, p.; fals^, valB^, w.; valsa, 
hayal, y thewel, p. 

SEEK, V. Whela, hwila, w. ; huila, p. ; chwila, 
whele, welas, whelas, whylas, hwilas, whythre, w. ; 
thenwell. p. 

TO SEEK FOR, v. Thymwethe, p. 

SEEK THOU. Wyla, 2 pers. s. imp. of whylaty to 

oaaIt ^wr 

SEEK YE. Whelough, b. 

SEEKS HIM. Omwrello, b. 

SEEKER, s, Hwiliog, w. ; hniliog, p. 

SEINE-BOAT, #. Skith rCiz, p 

8EISURE, #. Brftg, b. 

SEIZE, V. Cemeres, kemei^s. kymer^s, cymer^s, chy- 
meres, gemeres, gymer^s, dalhenne, w. ; dicemmer, 
prenny, p. ; sensy, tynsy, senge, sendzha, dho send- 
zh6, sinsy, w. ; sindzhy, b. ; sindsya; p. ; syngy, w. 

TO SEIZE ON, V. Askemery, p. ; gathya, b. 

SEIZED, part (}achyas, gathyas, agathyas, b. 


SELEGT, V. Diwys, dywys, dewesy, w. 

SELF, ONE'S SELF, s. Honon, honan, honyn, w. ; 
hwnyth, p. ; ynan, w. 

SELL, V. Gwerthy, gwyrthy, gwerth^, w. ; guerth6, 
B. ; gwertlia, gwetha, guerha, p. ; gwerra, gwerhy, 
querthe, werthe, w. Bd^ ow gu&rihe the*n tractors 
pHr, to sell me to very traitors, p.c. 1108. 

SELLING, part. Ow querthe, ir. 

SEMBLANCE, s. Semlant. w. Sia pan temlant v% 
ganso^ and what semblance is to him ? e.d. 206O. 

ma, in this manner, w. 

SEMPSTRESS, b. Seujades, w. ; seudes, p. 

SEND, V. DanfoD, dhanfon, danvon. dhanvon, w. ; 

thanfonno, danfen, thanson (? thanfon), p. ; danin, 

danyn, w. 

TO SEND FOR, *. Dinerchy, dynerchy, dynerghy, p. 

TO SEND FORTH, v. Dyllo, w. 


SENT, part. Danfenys, danvenys, w. ; danvonys, dam- 
enys, tevenes, woromynys, b. 

HE SENT. Tanfonas, a mutation of danfonai^ 3 pers. 
s. pret. of danfon or danvon, to send, w. 

I HAVE SENT. Mi rig dain. Mi rig dain dythi, I 

have sent unto him, b. 
THOU SHALT SEND. Tanfenny, a mutation of 

danfenny, 2 pers. s. f ut. of danfon or danvon, to send. 

HE MAY SEND. Tanfonno, a mutation of dtmvvm, 
3 pers. s. subj. (rf danfon or drnwon^ to send, w. 

TO SEND AWAY, v. Mos^, vose, w. 

I WILL SEND AWAY. Vossav, a mutation of iwi. 

$af 1 pers. t. fut. of modj to tmid away, w. 


SENSELESS, adj. Discient, diskient, w. ; dikref, b. 
SENSITIVE, adj, Tidden, n. 

SEPARATE, V. Deberthy, dybarthy, deberhy, dhe- 
bery, w, ; deberh^, d^berhe, dyberh^, deb^h, p.; 
debarra, b. 

SEPARATE or DISPERSE, v. Cescar, keskar, w. 

SEPARATED, part. Debarris, b. 

SEPARATION, s. Deberth, dvbarth, deberthva, w. 
Y% tresaS dyth dyharth, gyraf on the third day I 
made a separation, o.m. 25. 

SEPARATION or BREACH, #. Tolva, dolva, ▼.; 

gwyth, with, p. 
SEPTEMBER, s. Gwengala, w. ; Guedn-gala, p.; 

Guengolo, b. ; Gryn-gala, m. 2076. 

Miz gwedn gala. w. ; Miz-Guedn-Gala, t.^., the 
white straw month, p. ; Mis guengolo, b. 

SERENADE, %. (One of kettles and pans). Shallal, b. 

SERENE, adj. Cosel, cusal, w. ; kuzal, cuzal, p. 

SERIOUS, adj. Defry, deffry, dheffry, devry, ▼. 

SERIOUSLY, adv. Deffry, devry, tefiCry, thefty, ?.; 
thevrey, m. 2869; trewysy, o.m. 511. Tm colon p^ 
trewysy, in my heart very seriously, o.m. 511. 

VERY SERIOUSLY. Pfir theffry, p. ; piir thevr^, 
M. 23"»9. Par thevrey orth y sewa, very seriously 
following him. m. 2353; pAr trewysy, o.m. 511. 

SERMON. *. Pregoth, progath, w. 

SERPENT, 8. Sarf, w. ; nader, p. ; nadar, naddyr, 
pref, bief, b. 

SERVANT, *. Gw^s, gnis, w. ; guiz, b. ; w^ 
servip, aber, w. ; gonidoc, gonidog, goneseg, t^z, ti«, 
this, B. ; teithioc, m&b, maw, w. ; menistror, b. 
Menistror was also u«ed for a butler. 

SERVANT BOY. Maw, man, van, p. 

SERVANT MAID. Cait^s, p. ; caithes, kaithes, b. 

SERVANTS, 8. Gwesion, gw^syon, w^on, w.; 
cosgar, p. ; servisi, w. ; servysy, p. ; servidzhi, w. ; 
servidzhy, p. ; servygy, w. 

SERVE, p. Servye, w. 

SERVICE, 8. Gwryth, gmyth, w. ; gnryth, p.c. 2028. 
Rdg ddn dusting ha guryth, to bear testimony and 
service, p.c. 2023 ; gwasanaeth, w. ; gnaaanaetii, p. ; 
1^. w. ; wonys, u. 3891. In hynna ath lei wonyt, 
in this world from thy loyal service, m. 8891. 

Digitized by 




SET, 9. Gonedhy, w. ; goaethy, p. ; wonethj, gorra, 
gora, gorre, worre, settya. syttya, w. 

TO SET BY, V. Settya, w. 

TO SET ON FIRE, v. Dewy, dy wy, w. ; diwy, p. ; 
tewyn. tehen, b. 

TO SET FRBE, v. Dylyr, p. ; dilvar, b. 

TO SEC ON, r. DyUa, p. 

SETTLE, V, Feeth, p. 

SETTLED, parL Regeth, p. ; rogeth, thyasseth, b. 

IS SETTLED. Regeth, b. 

SEVEN. Seith, seyth, syth, w. ; zeath, p. 

SEVEN HUNDRED. Syth cans, h. 

SEVENTEEN. Seitag. More correctly ieiUk, w.; 
teytekf w. ; seithack, d. 

SEVENTEENTH. Seith d^gvas, p. 

SEVENTH. Seithas, w. ; seithaz, seythaz, p. ; st'ith- 
ves, w. ; 8e\ thvez, b ; seythvos, sythvas. w. 

THE SEVENTH DAY. Seithves dyth, p. 

SEVENTY. Trei igans ha deg, w. ; try ugens ha d«k, 
ir. Lit, Three twenties and ten. 

SEVKkAL, adj, Lawer. For the other forms of this 

word see MANY. 
SEVERE, adj. Garow, w. ; garou, b. ; harow, w. ; 

guariow, garo, p ; tin, tyn, dyn, b. Ty a vyth pun- 

ttys pHr tyny thou shalt he punished very severe {jne,), 


SEVERITY, ». Sevureth. m. 938. Ofna tHr in 9wu- 
reih, here surely in severity, m. 93"^. 

SEX, SORT, KIND, a, Riw, riu, w. Beninriw, 
woman or female kind. 

SEX, *. Hynse, w. Dew ryth rdn flour hy hynsd^ God 
made a rose flower of her sex, o.m. 2136. 

THE SEX, *. Autromet, w. 

SEXTON, s Derric w. ; derrick, p. ; d^n an cloc, b. 

SHACKLE, 8. Fuai, fu, hual, w. ; ettaw, w.f.p. 
Pryce gives fual for shackles. 

SHAD. 8. (Fish). Lohmas, ceinac, w. ; keinak, p. 

SHADE, V. Coscasa, kosgaza, w. ; kosgazo, p.; kos- 

gezys, w. 
SHADE or SHADOW, 8 Scod, sc^s, skftz, w. ; ys- 

c6d, B. 

SHADY, adf, Scodec, w. ; guaskettek, b. 

SHAFT or DART, * Gew, w. ; geu, gu, gnu, p. ; 
guw, giw, gwayw, w. Also names for a spear or 

SHAFT, 8. (Of a mine). Palador, w. 

It is a shaft from one adit to another helow it, often 
made for ventilation. Perhaps from ytoynya, pierced, 


snmph, p. 
SHAFT, 8. (Of a pillar). Strest, w. 

SHAG, 8. (Cormorant or sea raven). Shagga, saithor, 
w. ; sarthor, b. Farthor is a mistake. 

SHAGGY, adj. Blewac, w. See HAIRY. 

SHAKE or QUAKE, v, Crys, grye, w. 

SHAKE, V. (As to «hake the head). Pendruppia, w. ; 
pendruphia, p. ; gogwyddo, b. 

SHAKING or ROCKING, adj. Logan, amhreth, b. 

SHALLOT. 8, Cenin, cinin, w. ; kinin, p. 

SHALLOW, adj. (In depth). Bis, w. 

SHALL NOT. Bythny, p. 

SHAME, 8, (Infamy). Belyny, velyny, vylyny, 
hasnet (?) w. ; quMh, p. ; gu^th, p.c. 2606. A vdp 
ike guSth ru*m lathae. Oh ! son, thy shame hath killed 
me. p.c. 2606. 

SHAME. 8. (Bashfulness). MMh, w. ; m^th, moth, 
mulder, b. Ty a filh mHh thou shalt have shame, 
K. 2442. 

SHAMEFUL, adj. (Disgraceful). Dyflas, dhyfias, 
thyfflas, p.c. 1418. 

SHAMELESS, adj. Deveth, diveth, dyveth, w. 

SHAJNK, 8. (Shank or leg). Gar, esgar, her, ver, w, 

THE SHANKS. Garrow, w. ; garrou, b. 

SHANK or SHIN BONE, s. Elesker, b.; elescer, 
elescher, w. ; elesfer, p. 

8HANNY, 8. (Fish). Gur, male, puUcronack, 
hulgranak, n. 

SHAPE or FASHION, v. Schapy, p. 

SHAPE or FORM, 8. Furf, fu, fuw, gwedh, w. ; 
kuirder, b. ; lyu, p. 

SHARE or PORTION, e. R4n, r4dn, w. ; d61, p. 
D6l is given hy Pryoe for a share, a part, one eighth. 

SHARL, v. Ranne, w. ; radna, b. ; ranna, p. 

SHA RED, part. L'ynnys. From rami, to share, w. 

SHAHKR, 8. Renniat, w. 

SHARK, 8. Scarceas, w. ; skarkeas, b. 

SHARP, adj, Grisyl, w. Otte npem gtisyl gyne, see 
sharp thorns with me, p.c. 2118; lym. Oanegu lym, 
with a sharp spear, w. ; leym, b.d. 1117. Gane gu 
leym y a*n guanae, with a sharp spear they pierced 
him, b.d. 1117; tin, tyn, dyn. Pen tyn^ a sharp 
point, w. ; lemmys, b. 

SHARP, adj. (Severe). Garow, w. ; garou, b. ; garo, 

guariow, p. ; harow, w. 
SHARP, adj. (Cunning). Coynt, w. 
SHARP, adj. (As a sharp hlow). Glew, w. 
SHARPEN, V. Lemma, lebma, w. 
SHARPENED, part. Lemmys, lebmys, p. 

Digitized by 





SHARP-SIGHTED, adj. Lagadec, lagadzhak, p. 

SHATTER, V. CrebyUy, w. 

SHAVE, V. Cynivias, kyniviaz, p. 

SHAVED, part Thyguethys. trysyveth^s, p. 

SHAWMS or SHALMS. «. Psalmu8, o.m. 19J8. 

SHE, pron. Hi, w. ; hy, hye, i, p. ; y, B. ; se, p. ; 's, 
'y, N. ; hai, '^. 

AND SHE. Ilai, p. ; hay {ha y), b. 

SHE HERSELF. Hyhy, w. 

SHE-DEVIL, j». Diowles, dzhowles, w. ; dzhoules, 

SHEAF, H, (As of corn, &c.) Attock, manaL 
A SHEAF OF CORN. Manal ys, w. ; manal yz, p. 

zang, D. 

SHEAR or CLIP, v Cynivias, w. ; kynivias, p. 

SHEARS, A PAIR OF SHEARS, «. Gweldzhow, 
w. ; gneldzhou, p. ; gueldzha, b. 

SHEARWATER, «. (Bird). Crew, cockathodon, p. 
The Puffinus anglorum, 

SHEATH, «. Gon, g^n, goyn, gwein, guain, guein,, 
w. ; gwan, p. ; won, w. Gorri yn y w6n artS, put 
it into its sheath again, p.c. 1 156. 

SHEATH or RAZOR FISH, *. Cilygan, w. ; kilygan, 
p. ; keligan, capa-longa, n. 

SHED, t\ (Pour or effuse). Denewy, dhenewy, w. 
For more see SPILL. 

scullye, w. 

SHED, DROP, or TRICKLE DOWN, v, Devery, 
dyvcry, dyvere, w. 

TO SHED TEARS. Divere, p. 

SHED. 8. (For cattle). Bowgie, bougie, n. See 

SHE-GOAT, s. Gever, b. 

SHEEP, s. (A sheep). Davas, w. ; daves, n, ; davaz, 
dhavaz, p. ; da vat, w. ; devet, b. ; devas, w. ; mols, 
O.M. 1384. 

SHEEP, 8. {PL) Deves, w. ; devez, b. ; devidgyow, 
w. ; dewyeyov, h. 298 1 ; eunow, p. 

A BLACK SHEEP. Davas dhiu, w. 

A LEAN SHEEP. Davas tanow, davaz tanaw, w. 

SHEEP-COTE. 8. Corlan, w. See SHEEP-FOLD. 

SHEEP-DUNG, «. Cagal, b. 

SHEEP-FOLD, s. Corlan, gorlan, w. ; crou an devet, 
B. ; boudzhe devaB, boudzhi deves, w. ; boudzlii 
devez, p. 

SHEEP*S-HOLE, «. Sawan davis, w. 

8HEEFS-SKIN, *. Crawn, d. 

SHEER-GKASS, #. Elestren, b. 

SHEET, 8. (Of paper or parchment). Tmbithionen, b. 

SHEETS. 8. (For a bid). Lennow, p. 

SHELF, *. (In the sea). Cdrn. w. ; ktame. p. 

uUy, D. 

SHELL. 8. (As of a nut). Plisg, plysg, b. ; hud, 
hull, D. 

SHELL, 8. ( ib, B. I'orlase also gives this name for 
a cabinet, 

SHELL, 8, (As of shell-fish). ( rogen, w. ; krogen, 

B. ; crogan. w. ; krogan, w. PL Kregyn, p. 
SHELL- FISH, 8. Besl. b. ; trig. n. 
A SHELL-FISH, *. Askal, b 
SHELL-DRAKE, «. Burranet, D. 

SHELTER, p. Coscasa. kosgaza, w. ; kosgazo, p.; 
kosgezys, w. ; gofkesy, p. 

SHELTER, 8. Guscys, guskys, w. ; guest, p. ; gos- 
totter, O.M. 361 ; goscotter, K. Pag foui gve8t ha 
goUotter, for want of clothing and shelter, o.m. 361. 

A SHELTERED AREA. Lanherch, w. 

SHEPHERD, *. Bugel, begel, w. ; bygel, p. ; bigd, 
w. ; begol, byzel, b. 

SHERIFF, 8, Huwelwair, hyuelvair, b. 

SHEW, ARRAY, «. Atheray, p. 

SHEW, V. Gwelhe. w. ; guelhee, p ; dascudhe, dis- 
cudhe, w. ; discuthe. p ; dyscudhe, dhyscudhe, dis- 
quedha, dysquedhas. w. ; dysquethas, thyswethas, b.; 
dyswedhy, w. ; dyswethy, p. ; dyswithy, b. ; dys- 
wedha, diswedha, discwedha, w. ; dyscus, p. ; dary- 
vas, dharyvas, dyryvas, w. 

HE SHEWED. Dysquedhas. tjsqueihas, w. 

TO SHEW ONE'S SELF. Ymdhysquedhas, w. 

SHEWED. Fekyl, B. 

SHEWING, 8, (A shewing). Dysquydhyans, w. 

SHIELD or BUCKLER, «: Costan w. ; kostan, b.; 
gostan, w. ; ysguydh, b. 

SHIFT. CHEMISE or SMOCK, «. Creis, crys, w. ; 
he vis, hevez, heuis, b. 

SHILLING, 8. Sol, B. ; sols, sowls, zoulz, zowlz, w, 

SHIN-BONE or SHANK. «. Elescer, w. ; desker, 
B. ; elescher, w. ; elesfer, p. 

SHINE, V. Golowa, w. ; >(oloua, p. ; gouloua, goUowy, 
gylywa, gylywi, colowa, collowy, terlentiy, w.; 
bplanna, thywhyn, p. An houl pan thgwhyn, the 
sun when it shineth, p. ; dy whyny, dywhynny, 
dewynnyfe, tewynnye, w. 

SHINING, adj Splan, w. May rollons y gohw spUm, 
that they may give their shining lights, o.x. 40. 

Digitized by 





SHINING LIKE GOLD. Oyrec, w. ; oyrek, p. 

SHINING, part. Ow collowye, c.w. 125. Avell tane 
ow et'Ilotoys, like a fire Bhining, c.w. 1 25. 

SHIP, 8. (jurhal, gorhel, w. ; gorhall, p. ; gurchel, 
worhel, w. (PL Gurhalioa, w.) lester, w. ; lysster, 
c.w. 2261 ; lesster, c.w. 2810 ; scharron, p. 

A LITTLE SHIP. Gurhal bien, p. 

SHIP'S BOAT, 9. Lestercoc, w. ; lester c6k. p. 

SHIP'8 MAST. Warne, wem, p. 

SHIRT, s. Hevis, hevez, w. ; heuis, b. ; hevys, m. 
1938. In y neB»e hevys men, next him a shirt of 
hair, m. 444 i ; rochet, b. ; creis, crys, w. ; kreis, 
kiys, p. 

SHITE, 17. Kakan. Eiaka angunUi, to shite a bed, p. 

SHIVE or SHALLOT, s. Cenia, cinen, w. 

SHIVER, *. Scruth, w. {PL Schorys, m. 68 i). 
shrim, d. 

SHIVERING, 9. (A shivering)* Rynny, w. 

SHOCK or SHEAF, s. (As of com). Attock, manal, 

SHOE, 8. Escid, esgid, eskis. esgis. w. ; esgiz, b. ; 
eskas, w. ; eskaz, ergiz, egiz, fosaneu, p. ; orclunat, w. 

SHOES, 8. Eskidieu, esgidiow, eskygyow, eskyggyow, 
esgisow, w. ; skyggyow, p. ; sgyggyow, eskittias, w, 

SHOE, TO SHOE HORSES, t^. Hernia, w. ; her- 
niah, b. ; wrennye, w. 

SHOELESS, adj. Diesgis, w. ; diesgiz, p. 

SHOEMAKER, s, Cereor, w.; kereor, chereor, b. ; 
cherior, p. 

SHOO r, V, Tynne, tenna, tedna, w. ; sethy, b. 

TO SHOOT OFF, r. DueUo, theUo, thelly, p. 

5H00TKR, 8. Saithor, sethar, zethar, w. 

SHOOTS or SPROUTS, *. (Or suckers of trees). 
Lynorch-guydh, p. 

SHORT, adj. Ber, ver, w. A ver termyn, in a short 
time, o.M. 1362; byr, b ; cut, cot, w. Cot yv the 
thythyoWf short are thy days, r.d. 2037 ; cutt, c.w. 
88 ; cuttu, cueth, b. ; got, p. Be got o a gevslyn, too 
short it is by a cubit, o.M. 2520 ; t&m, tame, n. 

SHORTER, ad;. Cotta, gotta, p. 

SHORTLY, adv. Crac, w. 

A SHORT TIME. Cut termyn, p. ; cutt termyn, 
c.w. 88. 


SHORTNESS, 8. Berder, breder, vreder, w. 

Beranal, w. ; cueth anall, b. 

SHOULD. Teffa, thyvas, b. 

SHOULD I. Team, b. 

IP I SHOXTLD. Mar sellcn. p. 

IT SHOULD or OUGHT. D41 e d&l, p. 

SHOULDER, 8. ScAid, scudh, w. ; skM, b. ; sciith, 
sk^th, skudh. scout] i, p. ; scodh, scoudh, w. ; scoth, 
scooth, B. Uro hg thy*tnmo wdr ow scouth, put it to. 
me on my shoulder, p c. 2623. 

SHOULDERS, *. {i.e., the two shoulders). Disoodh, 
dy wscodh, w ; dywscoth, ir. ; duscodh, duscoudh, 
w. ; duscoth, ir. ; duscouth, p. 

SHOULDER-BLADE, e. Scuid, p. ; Sguth, b. 

SHOUT, 8. Garm, w. 

SHOUT, V. Garme, w. ; garmi, p. ; carme, w. ; karmi, 
p. ; gwaeddi, b. ; helwy, hilwy, hylwy, lefa, w. 

THEY SHOUTED. Hawlsons. The 3 pers. pi. pre- 

terite of helwy, w. 
SHOUTING, X. Tros, w. ; troz, p. 

SHOVE. 8. Poc, w. ; fooch. D. These words are stiU 
in use. 

SHOVEL, 8. Pil, w. ; paal, b. ; U\, baal, fil, r^v, w. 
jET^ ou/dl, the length of my shovel, p. 

SHOWER, 8. (Of rain). Cowes, w. ; cwas, kuas, 
kuaz, B. ; cuas, cowat, w. ; couat, b. j gowes, w. ; 
glau, gleau, b. ; skew, skud, n. Hagar gowis war 
ovjith, a fierce shower, on my faith, o.h. lObO. Ota 
cowSs pHr ahae, see a shower very disagreeable, o.M, 

A HEAVY SHOWER. Koust, b. 

SHRED or TATTER, 8. Midjan, jowd, n. See 

SHRED OF CLOTH.. Purvan, porvan, n. This is 
also the name for the wick of a lamp called a chiU, 
This wick is made from the pith of a rush, or a rag. 

SHREWD, adj. Queedy, n. 

SHRIEK, V. Scryge, w. ; skriga, b. 

SHROVE-TIDE, 8. Enes, Enez, w. 

SHRUB, 8. Luworch-guit, lyuorch guydh, seruic, b. ; 

servic, p. 
SHRUBS, 9. Guit, gwydh, w. 
SHUDDER, V. Oweren^, p. 

SHUT or CLOSE, v. Alwedha, lyhwedha, w. ; lyhue- 
tha, p. ; ceas, keaz, b. ; degy. w. ; dygy, sera, p. ; 
serra, b. 

SHUT, part. Degfep, degees, degeys, dyges, w. ffa^n 
daraeow 61 degSs, and the doors all shut, p. 

8RY, adj. Mul, B. 

SHY, 8. (As of a horse). Bawk, d. 

SHYNESS, 8. Mulder, m^th, moth, b. 

SICK or ILL, adf. Clif, w. ; claff,B.; cl&v, w. ; 
kl&Y, cl^f, clevas, clevys, b. DSn ci4v, a sick man, 
w. May thyw pHr cldf, so that it is very sick, b.d. 
1377. Wingarly, b. A word still used. 

SICK, 8. (Sick people, the sick). Clefyon, clevyon, 
w. ; glevyon, b. ; klevion, p. 

Digitized by 





SICKLE, 8. Cromman. crobman, filh, touIs, w. Tlie 
last two words, says Williams, are corrupt forms. 

SICKLY, adf. Paloh, w. A word still often used. 

SICKNESS or MALADT, «. Clevis, oleTas, w. ; 
klevas, b. ; klevas, p. ; oleyel, w. ; clewet, p. ; cln- 
jan, glujan, w. ; galer, x. 566 ; pocvan, w. lidm 
Ms mdk ha pocvan hrds, fire and smoke and gr^t sick- 
ness, B.n. 2*341. 

SIDE. 8. Tenewen, denewen, tenewan. denewan« ter- 
newan, tymewan, w. ; temehuan, p. ; tenewon, h. 
2604. Gan8 gu lym in tenetoon, with a sharp spear 
in the side. x. 2804 ; denewhan, c.w. 1553 ; tome- 
wan, tn, du, w. ; ten, tew, p. ; thew (W. Thewen), 
B. Pup tu, each side, w. ; pub iu^ every side, b A 
y <^, on his side, w. Avertu {a ver iu), on either 
side, p. Pap ay du, on every side, p. 

SIDE or PART, 8. Parh, parth, w. ; part, harth, p. 
ON EVERY SIDE. Warbarth, warbarh, b. 
ON THE SIDE. Abarth, abarh, w. 
ON THE SIDE OF. Barth, w. ; bardh, p. ; barh, w. 
ON ALL SIDES. Tro, dro. 
ON THIS SIDE. Antyman, w. 
SIDES, 8, Tftnewennow, t^nwennow, d^nwennow, 
tynwennow, w. 

gl&nd. Also meaning the side of anything. Oldn 
and gland are still much used among miners, &c. 

SIDEWAYS, adv. A denewen, o.m. 2063. A rdg ha 
a denewen, forewards and sideways, o.m. 2063. 

SIEVE, 8, Croider, crodar, w. ; krodar, b. ; ridar, 
ridar a kazher, w. ; ridara kazher {ridar a kazher), p. ; 
easier, n. 

A COARSE SIEVE. Kayer. n. 


A HORSE HAIR SIEVE. Dilluer, n. It is used 

in washing fine ore. From dilleughj or dylyer, to let 

go, to send away, p. 
AN IRON SIEVE Scarce, searjce. d. 
SIFT, V. Croddre, kroddre, w. ; kayze, n. 
SIGH, V. Hynadzha, w. 
SIGH, a. Hanadzhan, w. ; hanadzhans, hynadzhan, 

B. ; hynadzlias, w. 
SIGN or TOKEN, 8. Peynye, poenis, thavaz, b. ; 

thavas, p. 
SIGHT, 8. Goloc, w. Pan dyffo yn owgoloc, when he 

comes into my sight, p.c. 964 ; golok, woloc, golos, 

wolos, wlos, w. ; ulos, B. ; rwM. w^l, w. ; guel, b.d. 

84*2. Sa gvM aHhfds, and sight of thy feice, b.d. 

842 ; gweyl, w. ; gweall, c w. 1209 ; weyl, p. A 

weyl 61 then arlylhy, in the sight of all the lords, p. ; 

gwelas, w. ; guelaz, welas, p. 

SILENCE, 8, Dava, p.c. 1002. S^oihymgh Wy m 
dan dava, lurk after him under silence, p.c. 1002. 

SILENCE ! exelam. Huist ! b. ; stash, d. 

SILENT, adj, Dyson, w. ; sioul, b. ; tewel, p.c. 1320; 
Oyni8 pan wreta iewel, in thee since thou wilt be 
silent, p.c. 1320. 

TO B£ SILENT, t^. Tewel w. ; tenel, p. ; taw, v. 

Wt ARE SILENT. Tywyn, ir. 

I WILL BR SILENT. Tawat I pera. «. fut. ot 
tewel, to be silent, w. 

WE WILL BE SILENT. Tewyn, 1 pers. pi. fut 
of tewel^ to be silent, w. 

BE THOU SILENT. Taw, 2 pers. s. imp. of Uml, 
to be silent, w. ; tau« tansy, p. 

HE MAY BE SILENT. Tawo, 3 pers. s. subj. of 

teweh to be silent, w. 
BE YE SILENT. Teweugh, ir. 

SILK, 8. Ourlen, b. i ourlyn. w. Yn cendel hAg yu 
ourlyn, in fine linen and in silk, o.m. 1752 ; sirig, b.; 
syrig, Polwhele. 

SILL, 8. (As of a window). Stull, b. 

SLLLY^,adj\ Discient, diskient, dikref, b. ; f61 (fell- 
yon, PI of /d/), gocy, goky, gokky, wocy, woky, 
uccy, ucky, w. 

SILVER, s. Archans, w. ; arghaus, p. ; arhans, 
arrans, w. ; arans, o.m. 2100. I'enten hryghi aval 
arhwSf a fountain bright as silver, o.m. 771. 

SILVERSMITH, «. Gueid-uur argans, b. 

SIMILAR, adj. Keif, kief, k^v, kevelep, p. ; cevelep, 
hevelep, hyvelep, avel, havel, haval, hevel, cehafei, 
kehaval, w. 

M08T SIMILAR Havalla, w. 

VERY SIMILAR. FUt havel, w. 

SIMILITUDE, *. Havalder, hevelepter, hevelep» 
hyvelep, heveles. w. ; haval, aval, avell, b. 


SIMPLETON, *. Edyack, p. ; cobba, bucca-gwidn, 
gaupus, goromok, n. For more see FOOL. 

SIMPLY, FOOLISHLY, adv, Senipel, m. 1994. Ty 
the vynnh mar 8empel, that thou wishest so simply, 
M. 1994. 

SIN, 8, P^ch, w.; p^k, b. ; p^gh, m. 883, pegbe, 
B. ; peyghe, c.w. 876 ; p^h, w. ; p^, p^th, p. ; bkh, 
f^ch, pechas, w. ; peghas, b. ; bt-chas, w. ; beghas, 
B. ; fechas, pehas, w. ; pehaz, pyas, p. ; feas, hhas, 
pehad, pechad. pechat, p. ; bechad, w. ; throk, M. 
1898. Ov repentya rdg y thrdh repenting for her 
sin, M. 1898 ; anfus, v. PL Anfusy, n. 

SIN, V. Pecha, becha, pech6, beche, pehe, behe, w.; 
peghy, lebeghy, p. 

HE SINNED. Pechas, pehas. Also their mutation^ 
viz , bechas, behas. w. 

Digitized by 





HE HAD SINNED. Rebechse. The particle r$ 
and h0eh8i, a mutation of pechsi, 3 pers. s. plup. of 
pechy, to sin, w. 

HE WOULD SIN. Peha, pea, fea, w. 

SINCE. Aban, w. Aban ywe in della, since it iB 
80 p.c. 1953 ; ap^, P. ; ceth, keth. w. ; kyn, p. 
jfyn thaiCf since that it is. p. ; hane, pam. pan, pahan, 
sol, p. Sol a thethy since I came to thee, p. ; w68, b. 

SINCERE, adj. Cylednac, w. ; kylednak, b. ; colenec, 
colanec, colannec, w. 

SINCERITY, s. Leaute. p.c 760. See LOYALTY 
for other forms of this word. 

SINEW, 9, Gcien, geyen, goiuen» w. ; gelen. gelyn, p. 

SINEWS, «. Geiow, geyow, eiow, ieyw, w. Certan 
yagh ens aga teyw, certainly sound were their 
sinews, P.O. 268 1 ; scenys, w. ; skenys.p. ; skennys, w. 

SING, V. Cane, gane, cana, w. ; kana, b. ; gana p. 

HE SHALL SING. CUn. Also ydn, a mutation of 
edn, 3 pers. s fut. of eane^ to sing, w. 

3 pers. s. imp. pass, of ymcana, comp. of refl. part, 
ym, and canS^ to sing, w. 

SING YE. Cenouch, kenouch, w. 

I WOULD HAVE SUNG. Gansen, a mutation of 
can^en^ 1 pers. s. plup. of cane, to sing, w. 

HE MAY SING. Ganno, a mutation of eanno, 3 pers. 
s. subj. of canS, to sing, w. 

TO SING AFTER OTHERS. Bozzores, bozzorres, 


SINGER, 8. Ceniat, keniat, cheniat, w. ; chennicat, p. 

A FEMALE SINGER. Canores. w. 

SINGLE PERSON or THING, {i.e., one). Onan, 
onen, onon, w. ; onyn, odn, p. 

SINGLE, adj. (Alone). Jowan, p. 

SINLESS, adj. Dipeh, dibeh, w. 

SINNER, 8. Pechadyr, p. ; pechadur, pehadur, w. 

A FEMALE SINNER. Pechadyres p.; peghadures, 
PC. 491 ; peghadoras, k.d. 1097 ; pechadur^s, peha- 
diires, w. ; pehadorion, b. 

SIP. See SUP. 

SIR, 8, Sera, seera, sira, sarra, p. PL Serys, m. 456; 
syres, K., but this is from the English. 

SIRE, A SIRE, 8. The same as for SIR. 

SISTER, 8. Hor, hoar, hoer, w. ; bora, p. ; huir, wuir, 
w. ; huyr. puir (? kuir)y choar, soster, b. 

SIT or SIT DOWN, t?. Esedhe, asedhe, ysedhe, w. ; 
ysethe, reysetha, p. ; sedhe, w. ; sethe, seadha, p. 

TO SIT ONK'S SELF. Omsettya, w. 

SITTING-PLACE, *. Asedhva, w. 

SITUATION or PLACE, 8. U, Uh, ly, li, lu, w. 

SIX. Wh^h, hw^h, huih, w, ; hu6, b. ; whe, v. ; 
whea, c.w. 4J; whed, o.m. 142; whad. huik (?), p.; 
wheth, h. 

SIXPENCE, «. Hw^h dinar, w. ; hui dinair, p. Lit. 
Nix pennies. 

A SIXPENCE. Hanter sol, b. Lit Half a shilling. 

SIXTEEN Whedhec, hwedhec. wedhec, hwettag, 
wKettac. w. ; whettak, huettag, p.; huehag, b. ; 
whethack, u. ; whethek, n. 

SIXTH. Wheffes, hweffas, w. ; wheffas, p. ; hueffas, 
whefes, b. ; hueffaz, huefas, p. ; wehes, m. 20fi9 ; 
wheythaz, p. 

SIXTEENTH. Wh^hd^gvas, w. ; wh^h d^gvas, p. 

SIXTY. Tri-ugans, w. ; tri igans (try ugens), v. ; tri 
iganz, p. ; trei-igans, tryygans, tryngens (? tryugens), 


SIZE, 8. Myns, m^ns, w. ; giir, p. 

SKATE. 8, (Fish). Carcath, karcath, mftrcath, w. 

SKELETON, «. Rames, n. 

SKILFUL, adj. Guenuuit, gwenwit, w. ; guenwuit, 
skientik, p. ; skientic, sl^v, w. 


SKILL, 8. Sleyveth, scient, skyens, skyans, scians, 
Bceans, skeans, skeyens, w. ; deskans, p. ; descans, 
w. ; cr^t, kr^ft, b. 

SKIN or THE SKIN, 8 (As of an animal). Cen, 
w. Dre an cen yn y grogen, through the skin to his 
skull, p.c. 2141 {Cen also means the skin or peel, as 
of an orange); he, w. ; knezen. m. 3144 ; kneys, m. 
4054 Cler ha Uk knezen ha fay h, clear and fair skin 
and face, m. 3144; crohen, croen, p.; krohan, b. ; 
grohan, c.w. 1684; crehan, grehan, w. ; croin, cro- 
chen. groghen, p. ; gronen (? grohen), lezr, b. Nyn- 
8UH wamethe croghen, there is no skin upon them, p.c. 

THE SKIN OF THE LEG. Cleskber, b. 

SKINNED. adj\ Pelys, m. 3418. Oaver pelye, a 
skinned goat, m. 34 IK. 

SKIP or JUMP, «. Lanherch, b. 

SKIP, TO SKIP A.BOUT, v. Lemal, b. ; lemmel, 

lebmel, p. 
SKIPPER FISH. Hallyhoc, n. 

SKIPPING, 8, Terlemel, m. 2100. Ue genie han ter- 
lemeL that is with thee and the skipping, m. 2100. 

SKIRT (or fringe of a garment), 8. Pillen. 

SKULKING, 8. Scolchye, w. 

SKULL. 8 Penpral, w. ; pedn-pral, p. ; pral, crogen, 
grogen, w. ; croghen, groghen, p. ; grogon, m. 2994. 
Yn y grogen, into his skull, w. 

THE SKULL OF A HORSE. Pen pral march, pedn 
pral marh, w. 

Digitized by 





SKY, B. Ayr, awyr, yei\ ebron, ybron, ebam, ebbam, 
ybbern, w. ; yborn, nef, nev, neve, p. Yn ayr deth 
briU pup huny, in the sky, at the judgment day, 
every one, ? c. 1669. Yn yer wvrih aga% yuggi, in 
the sky, to judge you, p.c. Li <3. Yn creys a^n ebron 
avany in the midst of the sky above, o m, 38. 

SKY-COLOURED, adj. Glas, w. ; glase, glaze, p. ; 
glayis, lays, b. 

SLAB or FLAT STONE, s. L^ch, l^h, w. 

SLACK or SLOW, adf, Hel, p. ; lent, m. 3245. 
Cowethe na vethen lent, comrades let us not be slack, 
M. 245. 

SLACK or LOOSE, adj. Lausq, p. 

SLACKING, «. Dylly, p. 


TO BE SLAIN, v. Cumma, cubma, w. ; kubma, p- 
See SLAY. 

SLAIN, part. Ledhys, w. ; ledhaz, b. ; lethys, lehys, 

SLANDER, V. Sclandry, w. ; scallye, p. 

SLANDERING, b. MoUethians, w. 

SLAP, s. iStiran, silap, w. ; clout, r.d. 384. l^a^n 
geffo elouty for getting a slap, r.d. 384. Clout and 
scat, for a slap or thump, are still in very frequent 

SLAP, r. Lace. w. ; Idk, p. Me aHh Idk, 1 will lace 
(or slap) thee, w. 

SLATE, #. (A slate or tile). Lehan, w. ; lean, b. 

SLATE-STONE, s. M^n-glas, b. 

SLATER, 8. Tyor, w. ; hellier, n. 

SLATTERN, s. Slotteree, w. (Slottery, meaning 
dirty and sloppy, is a word in frequent use.) Tulky, 
tulgy, slummock, p. 

SLAUGHTER, a. Ar, h4r, Iddh, ladhva, w. 

SLAVE, 8. Caid, caeth, w. ; caith, caid pinid, b. ; 
vau, M. 3334. Ty vav (vau) prag na ruste dre, thou 
slave, why didst thou not, m. 3334. 

SLAVERY, 8. Caethiwed, b. ; gwasanaeth. w. ; guas- 
anaeth, p. ; habadin, w. 

SLAY, V. Ladhe, w. ; ladh, dho ladh, dho latha, p. 

SLEDGES or TRUCKS, *. Slodys, w. 

SLEDGfcl.HAMMER, s. B6m, w. 

SLEEP, V. Cescy, kesky, cysga, w. ; kysga, b. ; cosce, 
cusce, w. ; kusg^, cusgy, gusgy, p. ; cusga, w. ; 
kusga, goskaz, b. He ry go8kaz, I have slept, b. ; 
sypposia, w. , syppozia, p. 

SLEEP, 4. Oloo, kiisg, w. ; coske, b. ; h<hi, huyn, 
w. ; wuin, p. Yma hih orth yv gryvye, sleep is 
heavy on me, o.m. 1921. 

A SHORT SLEEP or NAP. Sog, d. 

SLEEPER, #. Cuscadur, w. Cu8cadur desimptt, a 
continual sleeper, p. 

SLEEPIN ESS, 8. Entredes, p. ; sog, b. Sog is olten 
used for a nap or short sleep, n. 

SLEEPING, part. Coske, b. 

SLEEPLESS, adj. Difun, dyfun, dhyfun, dufun. w. 

SLEEPY, adj. Heen, r. ; heene, b. 


HE SLEPT. Gosces, a mutation of cosgS8, 3 pers. 
s. pret. of coscS, to sleep, w. 

THKY SLEPT. Guscens, a mutation of cuscen8, 1 
pers. pi. imperf . of cuscy, to sleep, w. 

HE WILL SLEEP. Gosc, a mutation of €08C, 3 
pers. s fut. of cosce, to sleep, w. 

SLEEPING-ROOM, s. Cuscti, w. ; cuscki, p. 

SLEET, 8 Slag, n. The same word is used for misty 

SLEEVE, 8. Stollof, br^chol, w. ; brohal, b. 

SLENDER, adj. Edn, cul, tanow, tanaw, w. ; tanao, 
p.; muin, moin, mojn, mon, w. Sa^yveenm6nht^y 
scorennow, out of its elender top, and its branches, 
M. 2444. 

SLIDE, r. Slyntya, slyncya. w. ; slyncha, p. 

TO SLIDE AWAY, v. Redee, resec, resek, w.; 

rees, p. 
SLIDING or A SLIPPING, 8. Lam, w. 
SLIGHT, adj. Iscawn. Treviscaun, a slight dwelling, b. 
SLIM, adj. See SLENDER. 
SLIME, 8. Loob, pol, poll, w. ; pul, p. ; teil, teyle,B, 

TO STIR SLIME, v. Treloob, d. The tin dresftera 
use the word trehohing, i.e., stirring and washing 
the ** slime tin,'* the ore being very fine like mud. 
This fine stuff the miners call loobs. See SLIME 
and SLUDGE. 

SLINK, V. Slyncya, w. ; slyncha, p. ; slynckya, c.w. 
918 ; slyntya, c.w. 924. Sy slynckya war doer a 
keys, and slink on (the) ground along, c.w. 913. 

SLIP or STUMBLE, v. Sleppia, b. 

SLIP or A SLIDE, s. Lam, w. 

SLIP, 8. (A slip of land). Kinin, b. 

SLIPPER, 8. Fosaneu, b. ; wibanor, w. See SHOE. 

SLIPPERS, 8. Eskidieu, b. See SHOES. 

SLIPPERY, adj GUb, b. 

SLOPE or INCLINE, *. Slintrim, n. From slyntya, 
to slide or glide along. 

SLOTHFUL, adf. Dioc, w. ; diog, b. 
SLOVEN, 8. Casadow, b.d. 1781. Flos easadow, t 
dirty sloven, b.d. 1781 ; muirick, sproosen, d. 

SLOVENLY, DIRTY, adj. Slottere, b. A word 
still used. 

Digitized by 





8L0W, adj. Cosel, kozal, kazal, w. ; ara, b. ; sigyr, 
zigyr, w. ; zighir, zigur, b. ; h^l, w. Ny gothe thy's 
bmids hil, thou oughtest not to be slow, cm. 468. 

SLOW, LAZY, adj, Dioc, w. ; diog, b. 

SLUDGE, $. Loob, w. See TO STIR SLIME, and 

SLUG or NAKED SNAIL, *. Melyen, molhuid- 
han, molhuidzhon, w. 

SLUGGARD, s. Dioc, p. ; dicreft, lodn, b. Lodn an 
pan* tf , such a sluggaiid, b. 

SLUGGISH, adj, Cosel kozal, dicreft, Ids, sigyr, 
zigyr, w. ; zighir, zigur, b. ; dioc, w. ; thyek, m. 
£iA^i^' ^^^^* -^^y* ^'^^ thyek yth keuer^ for being so sluggish 
^^^r as regards thee, m. 3360. 

''*^^^\^LUMBER, 8. G16s, p. ; hiin, huyn, w. ; huenneys, 
4*^*"^ M. 4448. Byr ny vethe y huenneys^ long used not to 
be his slumber, m. •148. 


SLY, adj. Cdl, p. ; kdl, b. 

SMALL, €uy. Bean, behan, by an, byhan, bian, bihan, 
bechan, beechan w. ; beghan, b. ; bichan, bychan, 
w, ; bighan, biggan, p. ; bochan, w. ; boghan, b. 
Also their mutations into vean, vehan, vyan, vyhan, 
yian, &c. Menou, minow, menys, minis, minys, w. ; 
minnis, venyn, b. ; munys, w. ; grisill, b. 

SMALLER, adj. Le, w. ; lea, p. ; henna, bohatna, 
bohadna, b. 

A SMALL PIECE or BIT. Temig, demig, temmig, 
w. ; didgen, b.v. See BIT and PARTICLE. 

A SMALL POCK. Gwenan, w. ; guenan, p. 

SMALL-POX, 8. (The disease). Poccys minis, w. ; 
pokkys miniz, b. Borlase also uses this term for 

SMART, r. Tegleue, tyn, prenna, p. Pan cletoyfvy 
an tdn tyrt, when I shall feel the fire to smart, p. 
zukky, D. 

SMART or SMARTING, «. P^g, w. ; peyn, beyn, 
feyn, b. 

SMARTLY. ad9. Yn tyn, p. 

SMASH, V. Squardye, squerdye, w. ; squerdya, p. 

SMEAR or ANOINT, v, Ur6, untye, w. See 

SMELL, «. (A smell). Flair, fleyr, w. ; ffleyr, p.c. 
1547 ; fleyryngy, sawor, sawam, w. ; savam, b. ; 
sauam, p. 

A BAD SMELL. Dr6gsawam, w. ; dr6g savam, p. 

SMELL, V. Clewas, dowas, clewes, w. ; glewsyny, p. 

TO SMELL STRONGLY. Flacraf, mid, b. 

SMELLING, part. Ow flerye, b.d: 171-2. Owfivrye 
ov mousegy kepar ha kuen, smelling, stinking, hke to 
dogs, B.I). 171-3 

SMELT, t. (A sand smelt). Guid, n. 

SMITE or SMASH, v. Squattya, skuattia, scuattya, 

skuattya, sguattia, w. 
SMITE or STRIKE, v. Gwyscy, gwyscel, gwescel, 

w. ; guisky, puesga, p. 

SMITH.*. Ferror, p.c. 2669 ; gof , goff, w. ; gofe, 
goffe. goyff, B. ; gov, gove, p. jfdp iosep an o6th 
tods g6fy son of Joseph the old smith fellow, p.c. 

THE SMITH. Angove {an gove), p. 

SMITHY, s. Gofail, govail, w. ; gofadl, p. 

SMOCK, 8. Creis, crys, w, ; kreis, krys, p. ; hevis, 
hevez, w. ; heuis, b. 

SMOOTH, adj. Leven. P6r leven, the smooth port, 
B. ; spaven, b. Spaven mdr, smooth sea, w. 

SMOOTH or SLIPPERY, adj. GUb, b. 

SMOOTH, V. Playnye, o m. 950. Gorhel a hlanko8 
playnyyM, a ship of smoothed planks, o.m. 950. 

SMOOTHNESS, 8. Spaven, w. ; spauen, b. 

SMOKE, 8. M6c, m6k, w. ; mog, p. ; moog, w. ; woge, 
p.; voog, w. ; veoge, c.w. 1093. Tn tdn yn mdk, 
in fire, in smoke, b.d. 1458. 

SMOKE, TO MAKE SMOKE, v. Megi, w. ; megy, 

SMOTHER, V. Megi, w. ; megy, p. 

SMUDGE, STREAK, or BLURR, *. Strfim, n. 

SMUT, THE SMUT IN CORN, «. Lose, losk, w. ; 
coUybran, colbran, n. 

SNAIL, 8. (The shell snail). Bulhom, p. This 
word is still used. Also called dodman and jan-jeak, 


A SMALL SNAIL. Sneg, o. 
SNAIL or SLUG, 8. See SLUG. 

SNAKE, 8. Aer, b. ; gorthfel, w. ; gorwfel, b. ; nader, 

w. ; nadar, naddyr, b. 
SNAP. Knak, m. 1644. ITa ny m Idth knak oma, and 

we will slay them here, snap, n. 1644, 

SNAPPISH, adf. Toit, n. 

SNARE, 8. (Gin or springe). Maglen, w. 

SNARE, V. Baghe, r.d. 1150. Omma worth agon 
haghiy here snaring (or trapping) for us, b.d. 1150. 

SNARL, V. Scryncy6, skrynkye, w. See also 

SNEAK, 8. (A sneak). Sevylliac, sevyllyak, w. 

SNEER, TO SNEER AT, «?. Dyaie, dyalas, dhyal. 

las, p. 
SNEEZE, V. Strihui, rahaya, b. 
SNEEZING, part. Strihue, b. 
SNIPE, 8. Cio, w. ; kio, p. ; suit, w. Snite is still 

JACK-SNIPE. Dameku, D. Now called Aa<^^«tfr. 

Digitized by 





SNIVEL or SNOT, 8. Pur, w. 

SNIVELLY or SNOTTY, adj. Pikrica, p. 

SNOOD, 9. Snod, w ; nessel, d. 

SNORE, V, Kencia, dho renkia, w. ; renki, b. 

SNOKING, s, (A snoring). Rencias, w. 

SNORING, part Ronkye, renky, b. 

SNORT, V. The same words as for SNORE, q.v. 

SNORTING. 8. and part. The same as for SNORING, 

SNOT or SNIVEL, s. Piir, w. 
SNOTTY or SNIVELLY, adf. PArica, p. 
SNOTTY-NOSED, adf. Goveric, w. 

SNOTTY-NOSED FELLOW. GAr-vurik, w. ; gove- 

rick, p. 
SNOW, 8. lach, w. ; er, p. ; err, irk, irch, b. ; yrgh, 

M. 3055. 
SNUFFERS, 8. Gevel hoem, w. ; guel hoern, p. 
SNUFFER-PAN, 8. Escop, w. 

SO, adv. Andella, yn della, caman, camen, cammen, 
cetella, ketella. p. ; kettella, k. ; kettermeni cetter- 
myn» ceverys. keverys, cefrys, kefrys. p. Nep a 
iorella in ketella, whoever has done so, o.m. 2240. Tn 
ketella ny a vyn, so we will, p.c. 243 ; mar, mor, w. 
2[ar day so good. Del, dell, tell, deUa, an della, an- 
dellan, ha, p. ; tra, try, tro, w. 

SO, AS. CecefPrys, cefrys, cyffrys, cyfreys, keffryz, 
kehefPrys, kevery, keverys, p. ; cy, ky, w. Ky gwSr 
vel an qwels, as green as grass ; maga, mal, avel, par, 
w. ; perdel, pai^el, pokara, pekar, p. ; pycar, pykar, 
B. ; pocar, pokar, w. ; kara, p. ; cara, w^. 

SO BE IT. Andella re bo, yn deUa re bo, w. ; andel 
na re bo, andellarbo, p. 

SO BIG. Maruthick {mar uthick), p. 

SO FAR. Marbel, p. 

SO GREAT. Cemmys, kemys, w. ; kemyz, p. ; kem- 
mys, kymmis. kynnis (?), b. ; cymmys, kymmys, 
cybmys. gemmys, gymmys, w. 

SO HIGH. Mar uhel, w. 

SO HUGE. Mar-uthick, p. 

SO LONG. Marbel, p. 

SO MANY. Cemys, kemys, w. ; kemyz, p.; kemmys, 
kymmis, kynnis (?). b. ; cymmys, kymmys, cybmys, 
gemmys, gymmys, cenefra, ceniver, keniver, conifer, 
w. ; kenifer, p. ; kanifer, b. ; cenj ver, kenyver, 
kynyver, cenever, cyniver, w. 

SO MUCH. Maga. cemmys, kemys, w. ; kemyz, p. ; 
kemmys, kymmis, kynnis (?), b. ; cymmys, kymmys, 
cybmys, gemmys, gymmys, w. ; kynnys (?), p. 

SO MUCH AS. Mar, w. ; mor. p. 

SO THAT. Avel, mal, w. ; awos, auoz, p. ; caman, 
camen, cammen, ma, man (mo-yn), tra, tro, try, tre, 
dre, w. 

SOAK, r. Tempre, p. 

SOAKING, adj. (With moisture). Sygan, b. 

SOAP, 8. Seban, taimant, b. ; seben, PolwkeU. 

SOCIETY, COMPANY, «. Cowethas, cowethe, v. ; 
tyrguas, p. 

SOCK, 8. Paugen, wibanor, w. ; vamp, n. 

SOD, 8. (A sod or turf). Ceaan, w. ; kezan, b.; 
PI. Cesow kesow, w. 

SOEVER. Penag, pynag, pennag, w. ; ponag, p.; 
bennak, b. ; bennag, w. 

SOFT, adj. (Quiet, gentle). Cosel, kozal, w. ; kuzal, 
cusual, B. 

SOFT, adj. (Mollicnt. tender). Medhal, w- ; medal, 
B. ; meddal, medhel, w. ; medel, m. 2979 ; methel, ?. 

SOFT AND SPRINGY, adj. (Like a pillowj. Plum, 


SOFTEN, V. Plekgye, k.d. 1849. 

SOFTNESS, 8. (Tenderness, mildness, genUeness). 
Medhalder, medalder, w. 

SOFTLY, adv. (Quietly, gently). Cusual, p. 

SOIL, *. (Ground). Doer, doar, dor, oar (an oar), w.; 
dodnan, b. ; tir, tyr, w. 

SOIL or EARTH, «. Pri, pry, bry, vry, w.; soul, p. 

SOJOURNER, 8. Travedig-doer, b. 

SOLD, part. Caeth. kaeth, b. 

SOLDIER, 8. Cadwur. w. ; cadwyr, b. ; cadgur, p.; 
caduit, adletha, b. ; smat, w. 

SOLDIERS, 8. Marogyon, maregyon, varogyon, w. 
These are the plurals of the Cornish for horsemen 
rather than of foot soldiers. 

SOLE. ALONE, adj. Ednac, w. 

SOLE, 8. (Of the foot). Plans, b. ; goden, golas 
trus, w. ; golaz truz, goden truit, b. ; goden trut, p. 

SOLICIT, DO, or PROCURE, v. Pryvia. w. 

SOLICITOUS, adj. Prederys. pryderys, priderys, w.; 
biederys, brederez, p 

SOLICITUDE, 8. Preder, pryder, w. ; pridar, p. 

SOLITARY, adj. Gwedho, w. ; guedho, p.; gaedeu, 

SOME, adj. N^p, n^p, re. Re frell, some others, w.; 
towl, b 

SOME ONE. Nebyn, w. ; gonon. dag, p. 

SOME PORTION. Nebes, w. ; nebaz, p. 

SOMETHING, «. Nepp^th, nep-peyth. w.; nepith, 
E.D. 769 ; nepyth, nebas, b. ; nebtra (neb-tra), w. 

A SOMETHING. PWh, peyth, pyth, w. Fl. P^thow, 

SOME TIME AGO. Solath^th, b.d. 1929; solathyth, 
O.M. 2612; sollathyth, r.d. 2380; solabrys, 0.11. 
2322; solabreys, o.m. 2747; soUabreys, p.c. 746; 
sollebreys, m. 1845. 

Digitized by 





SOMETIMES. Anirou, w. ; nepp^th, nepyth, nebas, 
B. ; tref^tb. trevytb, p. 

SOMEWHAT. «. Nep-peyth, nebes, w. ; nabaz, p. 

SOMEWHAT, ado, Ke. p. 

SOMNOLENCE, «. Huenneys, m, 4448. Hyr ny 
vtihe huenneya, long used not to be bis somnolence, 
M. 4448. 

SON, H, Mib, w. ; mabe, c.w. 9; mip. v4b, v4p, 
maw, vaw, w. ; vaow, p. PL Meyb, meib, mebion, 
mebyon, mebbion, mybion, w. ; vybbyan, c.w. 1982. 

THE ELDEST SON. Mdb cotba, p. 

MY DEAREST SON. Ow map kevarwoutb, p. 

A FOSTER SON. M4b meidrin, w. 

A LITTLE SON. Meppig, w. 

A SON-IN-LAW. D6f, w. ; dor, p. ; els, b. 

BAND. Elses. b. 

THE SON OF EVIL. Mip gdl, p. 

THE SON OF GOD. Map deu, v, 

BONG, B, Gin, cb&n, gin, bin, w. ; cans, kans, karol, 
pip. B. ; pusorn, r.i>. *2353. Aga hdn kepar ha my, 
tbeir song like as mine. on. 310. Sa ty iulfryk pen 
pusorn, and tbou Tulfric, tbe end of a song, r.d. 

SONGSTER, «. Piphit, pibit, b. 

SONGSTRESS, «. Canores, w. 

SOON, adv. Ware, warre, w. ; whare, k. ; wbarr6, 
w. J//:y tewe an tdn wharri, that tbe fire may ligbt 
soon. p.c. 1221 ; uscys, w. ; uskys, p. ; yscys, w. ; 
yskys, b. ; ntb, p. ; prest, 8c6n, w. Scdn allema, 
soon from bence, p.c. IIOO ; akin, p. ; defry, deffiry, 
dbeflfiy, devry, dewbans, duwbans, dy whans, dybons, 
dhybons, dbydhuans, w. ; dybuanz, in nanz. p. ; 
innanz, b. 

SO SOON. Mar scon, p. 

SOOT, s, Filgedb, filgetb, w. 

SOOTHSAYER. «. Cuillioc, w. ; cbuilliog, p. 

A FEMALE SOOTHSAYER Cuillioges, w. ; cbui- 
llioges, p. ; knioges (?), B. 

80KCKHER, s. Hudor, k.d. 18-54 ; buder, w. Zauar 
thy^n maraos huder, tell ns if tbon art a sorcerer, 
B.D. 1H31 ; budol, nudol, b. ; purceniat, porkeniat, 
purcbeniat, pystryor, pystryour, w. ; pystrior, pes- 
trior, p. 

SORCERER or SORCERESS, «. Poddrac, w. ; 
podrak, b. 

SORCEKESa, 8. Pystrior^s, pestryor^s, pestrior^s, 
poddrac, w. ; pudrak, b. 

SORCERY, s. Pystry, pystyc, pystyk, w. Dinfyth 
ol muTB dre pystry, any man, unless through sorcery, 
p.c 1765. 

SORE. s. Podreth, w. ; pliis, p. 

SORES, s. Potredb^. bodredhes, w. ; bodretb^s, p. 

SORE or PAINFUL, adj Clif, cliv, w. ; klif. clftf, 
clevas, clevys, b. 

SORROW, 8. Ancen, anken, ancow, w. ; ankow, 
ancou, ancouyns, b ; ancres, p. ; awber, w. ; awer, 
M. 195; beam, bem. vem, cothys, ciith, cuetb, 
kueth. gueth, w. ; cavow, cafow, (? if plural) w. 
It is eavoiP, as a plural c.w. 1243. JSa gan cavow tha 
wandra, and leave sorrows to wander. Di6g. dar, 
p.; edrec, edrek, w. ; edrak. p.; eddreck, w. ; 
eddrak, b. ; edrege, p. ; yddrac, w ; yddrage, 
yddraga. p. Cothys of yn edrek brdx, fallen I am 
into great sorrow, p.c. 1440 ; dewon, w. Awos lavur 
na d.toon, because of labour nor sorrow o.m. 2405 ; 
duon, do won. p. ; duwon, dewan, dewban. duwban, 
w, ; duan, p. ; dhuan. duchan, w. ; tbwan, p. ; 
galar, w. Ov eothaj lues galar, suffering much 
sorrow, o.m. 633 ; gew, wew, w^r, p. A vam whek 
na porth a wSr, oh mother sweet, bear not sorrow, 
F ; govid, govis, govys, layne, p. ; m^th. b ; moreth, 
w. Qans moreth ythof lynwys, with sorrow I am 
filled, O.M. 2194; morath, c.w. 177; panveter. 
panvotter, poan, b ; tristys, try sty s, trisiyys. tris- 
tans, tristyns, trystyns. w. Neffre tryHyns ny gen 
hyth, never is sorrow with us, p.c. 731 ; vlth, vidn, 
vor^th, b. ; wryth, wher, w. ; whear, p. 

SORROW! SAD! SAD! Govy. tru, trul, or, 
Gony, tru, tru ! 

SORROWFUL, adj. Cuthrs, w. ; kuef, gweff. p.; 
morethek, morethec, vorethec, ryth, trest, trist, w. ; 
trewesy, trewisy, trewysy, trowesy, trauethak. trys, 
triis, p. 

SORROWS^*. Govidzion. B. ; govegyon, n. ; govy- 
gyon. K.D. 1154. Rdk mur yv ow govygt/on, for great 
are my sorrows, r d. 1 154. See SORROW, to guide 
in forming other plurals 

SORRY, adj. Edrak. p.; dr6k. m. 909. Rdk yv 
gena, sorry am I. m. 909 ; kneff, b. ; drewyth, o.m. 
256. JiS sorras drewyth benen, a sorry woman hath 
angered, o.m. 256. 

A SORRY or MEAN FELLOW. Guaeldgu, bou- 
dhyn. See RASCAL. 

SORT, MANNER or WAY, *. C6r, w, 

SORT or KIND, s. Echen, ehen, hecben, heben, w. ; 
ehin, p. ; ehan, eghen. b. ; pir, riw, riu, w. Nem 
riu guerras, pome sort of help. w. ; tro, w. 

SORTS, 8. Sortowe. Oans prevas a bub sortowe, 
with worms of all sorts, c.w. 111. This is an 
instance of a Celtic Cornish plural for an English 

SOUL, s. Enef, enav, w. ; enaff, b. ; ene, w. ; ena, 
p. Bum enS, by my soul, m. 8262. Kymmer^ 
mercy, a'm enef, have mercy on my soul, o.m. 3722. 

SOULS, s. Enefow. w. ; enevou, b. ; enevow, v. ; 
anevou, p. (enaff, m. 4164), Lues enaff, many souls 
{sio. Stokes). Enaff is properly singular, and the 

Digitized by 





idiomatic form would seem to be ** many a soul " 
and not ** many souls." 
SOUND, HEALTHY, adj. iach, yach, w.; yagh, 
p. ; yakh, b. Certan yagh ths aga ieyw, certainly 
sound were their pinews, p.c. 26b I ; saw, w. ; sau, 
zehes. p. 

TO MAKE >OUND. TO HEAL, v. lache. yache, 
w. ; yaghy. ythes, p. ; sawye, w. 

SOUND, 8. ( A. sound or noise). L^f, son, w. The 
wruthyL crothval no sdn^ to ii ake a complaint nor a 
sounl, o.M 18 36. 

A LOW SOUND. Hanas. w. 

drilgy. d. 

SOUNDING, 8. (Hooting). Idzhek, p. 

SOUNDNESS, 8, As of health). laches, ieches, w. 

SOUP, 8. Ligge, B.v. See also BROTH. 

SOUR, adj. Trenc, w. 

SOUR MILK, l.eath cowles, w. 

SOURCE, 8. Kr^n, b. 

SOURCE or HEAD, «. Mannen, b. 

THE SOUTH, 8. Dychow, dyhow, dyow, w. ; 
dyhou, dyghou, p.; dehou, w. 

SOUTHERNWOOD, «. (Herb). Dehoules, w. 

SOVEKEIGN, 8. (Ruler, king). Mychtem, w. ; 
migteme, p. ; megtern, mighteme, myhtem, b. ; 
mytern, materyn, matem, ruif, rev, ruy, brentyn, 
bryntyn, w. ; vicker, p.; sefryn, o.m. 2189. 

SOVEREIGNTY, ». Mychternes, mychtemeth, myh- 
terneth, w. ; myghtemeth, k.d. 712; mytemeth, 
vychtemeth, w. 

SOW, 8, Baneu, w. ; haneu, b. ; guyz, wys, b. ; guis, 
guys, w. ; hocjh, h6h, plos. Pld8 is rather the name 
of a dirty person. Guis, for a old sow which has had 
a large family, is a word still in use. 

SOW, V. Oonys, gynes, w. ; gynez, gunio, b. Qunn48 
hdz, to sow seed, b. ; wonys, o.m. 4 1 4. The haU8 ha 
the wuny8, to dig and to sow, o.m. -114 ; wreba, w. ; 
ureha, uteha, b. 

SOWER, 8. Gynnadar, w. ; gynnodar, b. ; gynnad- 
war, p. 

li, lu, leh, ley, p. ; m4n, w. 

A SPACE, 8. Spds, speyes, spys, speys, p. Oura- 
gueres ihy*m a ver epds, do help to me in a short 
space, R.D. 1721 ; 14m, w. Caym ny lettye saw vn 
Idm, Cain, I stopped only a space, o.x. 470 ; pols, 
prys, preys, pris, prez, pryweth, tranc, trank. 
These words refer to a space of time. Perhaps 
some of them had a more extended meaning. 

A SMALL SPACE or CORNER, «. Som, w. 

SPACIOUS, aty\ Ledan, w. 

SPADE, 8. P41, w. ; paal. b. ; b41, w. ; baal, b. ; fid, 
w. ; faal, b. ; rev, w. 

SPARE, I?. Sparria, dho, sparria, p. 

SPARE or FORBEAR, v, Spiena. p. 

SPARING, adj. (Frugal). Henbidiat, henbidhiat, w. 

SPARING, ad/\ (Scant), "^cent, skent, w. ; scant, b. 

SPARK,*. Elven, B ; gur^chonen, grychonen, w. ; 
gryghonen, p.c. 2717. 

SPARKS, «. Gwrychon, grychon, w. ; guryghon, p.c. 

SPARROW, 8. Golvan, gulvan, gylvan, w. ; guennol, 
guenbol, p. 

SPAR-THATCHED, adf. Eage, b. This is a roug^ 
mode of thatching stacks of com, hay, firewood, fte., 
and also outhouses. A epar or eparrow is a wooden 
pin or peg used to fix the straw ropes to the thatch. 

SPATTERDASHES, ». Poltrigas, b. 

SPATTLE, 8. Lo. P/. Lew Also SPOON, q.v. 

SPEAK, V. Cows, w. ; cous, tho cous, p. ; dho kowi, 
b ; dhe cousa, p. ; caws, gows, cewsel, kewsel, easel, 
w. ; keusel, p. ; cousall, c.w. 557 ; gewsel, geosel, 
w. ; gewsy, gowsy, p. ; gwesys, clapier. £lo why 
elapier J&rnuak f Can you speak Cornish ? ; laol, 
lavary, leverel, dysmegy, dysmygy, desmygy, w. 

SPOKEN, part. Cowsys, cawsys, cewsys, gewsys, w. 

I SPAKE. Gowsyn, b. 

YE HAVE SPOKEN. Laversough, b. 

THOU WILT SPEAK. Gewsyth, gewsy. Mutations 
of CfiW8yth and cew8y, 2 pers. s. fut. of eeiDtd, to 
speak, w. 

HE WILL SPEAK. Gews, a mutation of Mtr«, S 
pers. 8. fut. of cewsel f to speak, w. 

YE WILL SPEAK. Gewseuch, a mutation of cew- 
eeuch, 2 pers. pi. fut. of cew8elf to speak, w. 

THEY SHALL SPEAK. Gewsons, a mutation of 
eewsone, 3 pers. pi. fut. of oew8el^ to speak, w. 

SPEAK, SPEAK THOU. Couz, leverell, b. 

HE MAY SPEAK. Gowse, a mutation of eow8e, 3 
pers. 8. fut. of C0W8, to speak, w. Also written 
goweo, w. 

SPEAKER, 8. Leveriat, dadloyer, dathluur, w. ; dad- 
loyar, datheluur, p. ; satheluar, b. ; pregowther, 
progouther, progowther, progathar, p. 

A SPEAKER OF TRUTH. Guirleveriat, w. 

SPEAR, 8. Giu, p.c. 3010; gyw, giw, gew, guw, w.; 
geu, gu, p. ; gwayw, w. ; ynn, onn, b. (? yuu, ouu)\ 
her, ver, w. 


SPECIAL. Speal. Ea epeal hrdM, and special great, 
or intimate. 

Digitized by 





SPECIES, s, Kunda, o.m. 989. A bub eghen a kunda, 
of all sorts of species, o.m. 989. See KIND. 

SPECKLE or PIMPLE, a. Cyriac, kyriak, w. 

SPECKLED or PIED, o^*. Biith, w. ; bryth, b. ; 
bruit, speociar, w. ; spekkiar, p. 

SPEECH or DISCOURSE, 9. Cows, w.; cou«, kouz, 
B. ; cous, p.c. 1345. R^imfay guyn yv aga9 cow, by 
my faith, tme is your speech, p.c. 1345 ; cews, gows, 
w. ; gowz, B. ; gews, cowms, w. ; koums, b. ; cow- 
sys, cowses, gowsys, w. \ gonsa (? goasa), ganso 
(? gauso), p. ; lavar, w. 

A SPEECH, 8. Areth, w. Uthyk mar yv the areth, 
very loud is thy speech, p.c. 954 ; leverel, w. ; pro- 
gath, pregoth, b. 

SPEECH, TALK, REPORT, 9. Sftn. w. 

SPEECHES, *. Cowsesow, gowsesow, w. 

SPEECHLESS, adf. Avlavar, a flavar, w. ; anlavar, 


TO SPEED WELL, r. Spedy6, b. 
SPEED. V. Tewye, p. 
^V^TH SPEED. Mathen, p. 
GREAT SPEED. Touth brAs, p.c. 660. 

SPEEDILY, adv. Uscys, yscys, fist, w. ; fastsens, b. ; 
wamot, p. Duh gaiuo the dre wamoi, come with him 
home speedily, o.m. 559 ; toth-da, touthda, v. 

SPENT or WASTED, /?ar/. Spendys, spengas, b. 

SPENT or JADED, adj. Squyth, scith, b. ; skith, b. 

SPEW, r. Hweda, hwedzha, w. ; huedzha, p. 

SPHERE, 8. (Orb). PM, pellan, w. 

SPICED, adj. Pymeth, o.m. 2294. Ketu md9 eyf im 
guyn pymethy before goiog drink a draught of spiced 
wine, O.M. 2294. 

SPIDER, 8. Huilan. b. Borlase also gives this name 
for a beetle. 

SPIKE, 8, Ebil. B. ; center, kenter, w. ; kentar, p. j 
genter, w. PI. C'entrow, kentrow, w. 

SPIKED or TUFTED, adj. Tushoc, dushoc, w. 

SPILL, V. Colli, celli, scoUye, scnllye, w. ; scollya, 
c.w. 2522 ; scoad, scud, n. 

SPILT. Venons, b. 

SPIN, V. Nedhe, w. ; nethe, nedha, p. ; netha, c.w. 
975 ; nyddu, PolwheU. The wrek gene8 the nethi, 
thy wife with thee to spin, o.m. 346. 

SPINDLE, X. Guerfyn, gurthyl, gaerzit, kerdhit, b. ; 

gurthit, P. ; kiggal, d. 
SPINDLE-WHEEL, 9. Rozellen, w. 
SPINES, #. Dreyn, p.c. 2119. 
SPIRE or STEEPLE, 9. Pele, p. ; peal, b. 

SPIRIT, 9. {L'eaprit). Gwyns, gwens, gwins, gaens, 
gains, B. 

SPIRIT, 9. (Ghost), Speris, spyrys, w. ; spiriz, p. ; 
spnte, spyr, b. 

A MINE SPIRIT or PHANTOM, 9. Gathom, d. 

SPIT, «. (For roasting). Ber, ver, w. 

SPIT, V. Trewy, trewe, tru6, treffia, w. ; shyndyz, 
p. Shyndya of gam eornek duy I am spit upon by a 
black toad, o.m. 1778. 

SPITE, V. Dystpyte, dhyspptye, w. ; speitia, dho 
speitia, p. 

SPITE, 8. Ate, B. Mar ate, so much spite, B. ; aui, 
avey, w. ; avey, p. ; despyth, dyspyth, w. ; dyspyt* 
p. ; drftgbres, mican, mikan, w. 

SPITTED ON. part. Trewe, treefa's, drewys, b. 

SPITTING, par<. Trifiaz, b. 

SPITTLE, 8 Trifias, w. ; trifiaz, b. 

SPLASH, V. Laggen, b.v. It refers to splashing the 
water in sea-fishing. 

SPLAY, adj. Splat, plat, blat, w. 

SPLAY-FOOTED, adj. Triiz blat, irinz splat, w. 

SPLEElN, 9. (Splen, Lat.) Lewillolt, leuiUoit, b.; 
vam, vabm, w. ; yvabm, b. 

SPLENDID, adj. Splan, spladn, w. 

SPLENDOUR, 8. Splander, w. ; splandor, p. ; golow- 
der, goleuder, b. 

SPLIT, V. Fallia, w. ; fellia, feldzha, b. 

SPOIL, V. Anglod, b. 

SPOIL, V. (Rob). Robbia, p. 

SPOILED, part. Dibtryppas, b. 


SPONGE, 8. Spong, b. 

SPOON, 9. Lo, w. ; loe, b. 

SPOONS. Lew, w. ; leu, p. 

SPORT, V. (To play). Gwary, gwar(:, guare, huar^, 

SPORT or PLAY, 9. Choary. PL Choarion, w. 

IN SPORT or IN FUN. Yn g^s, b. 

SPOT, V. Anglod, b. 

SPOT or BLEMISH, 8. Anav, b. 

SPOT, MOLE, or FRECKLE, 8. Taish, w. 

SPOT, PLACE, or SITUATION, «. Le, w. ; U, ly, 
l^h, lu, p. ; man, w. 

SPOT OF SAND, Drethan, drethen, b. See SANDS. 

SPOTTED, adj. Specciar, w. ; spekkiar, p. See 

SPOTLESS, CHASTE, adj, Dianaff, b. 

SPOUSE, 9. (A married person). Gespar, pries, bries, 
fries, pryes, bryes, vryes, pryas, w. ; bryas, c.w. 
886 ; tresA, c.w. 1227. Sa tolU the bryae Un^ and 
deceived thy faithful spouse, o.m. 294. 

Digitized by 





SPREAD, r. Les^, w. 

SPREAD ABROAD. Unl^s (un^Ui), p. 

SPREAD ABROAD, SPOKEN OF. Trevethlys, w., 

SPRING, 9, (The season of spring). Gnaintoin 
guainten, gwainten, p. 

SPRING, 8. (Of water). Fenten, funten, fyntan, 
kr^n, B. ; venton. 

SPRING, SOURCE, or HEA.D, 9. Mamen, b. 

SPRING-WATER, s, Strftt, b. 

A FRESH SPRING. Strftth, strath, streyth, w. 

SPRINGE or 8PRINGLE, s, Croccan, w. ; crockan, 

p. ; maglen, w. 
SPRINGY AND SOFT, a<^'. (Like a piUow). Plum, 


SPROUTS or SUCKERS, 9. (Of plants, &c.) Lyuorch- 
guydh, B. 

SPURIOUS, adf. Basa, p. 

SPY, V. Aspye, w. 

SQUARE or CUBE, 9. (As of granite). Kam, C. 8. 

SQUAT, V, Plattya, w. 

SQUEEZE, V. Guasga, guryn, gorydn, p. 

SQUEEZED, part Goridnias, p. 

SQUINT-EYED, adf. Cam, camlagadec, calanlagadz- 

hac, w. 
SQUIRT or SYRINGE, 9. Skit, skeet, d. 
STAB, «. Gwan, w. 
STAB, r. Gwane, w. ; guaine, p. 
TO STAB ONE'S SELF. Ymwane, w. 

STABBED, part, Gwenys, w. ; gaenyz, guinys, b. ; 

gwynys, w. 
STABLE-LOFT, s, Tallet, d. 
STACK, «. (Of com). Bern, w. 

STAFF or POLE, *. Baz, p. ; fust, vust, lorch, lor, 
w. ; lorgb, p.c. 914. 

STAG, 8. Carow, p.; karow, o.m 126; carau, karo, 
caro, p. Gaver ytoegh karoto, goat, steer, stag, o.x. 
126. PL Carew, p. 

Astull, soler, sailer, w. These words are still used 
by miners, and also shammel. Solier, 8aller also mean 
an entry, a ground room, and also a gallery, n. 

STAGGER or RAMBLE, v. Rambla, p. 

STAGNANT WATER. Pol, w. ; polan, as a diminu- 

tive, w. 
STAGNATED, part Crunnys, crummys, b. 
STAIR or STEP, «. Grit, w. 

STAKE or POST, «. Kundura, peul, b. (In the 
Armoric language, peidia, to round with stakes); 
sticedn, w. ; stikedn, b. 

Ligan, b. In the Cornish dialect a penniless person 
is said to be penniligan. 

STALK or STEM, $, Gwelen. gwailen (P/. Gwail), 
w. ; koilen, coilen, kuilan, korsen, corsen, gorsen, p. ; 
iar, w. ; i'ar, p. 

STAMMERER, «. Stlaf, w. ; cr^g, p. ; bloeey, b. 

STAND. V. Sevel, w. ; seval, zcval, b. ; saval, syvel, 

w. ; s^t sewel, syuel, p. Worthyn ny 9ef, to stand 

before us, k.d. 1790. 
HE HAD STOOD, Safe, saffe, 3 pers. t plup. of 

8«veh to stand, w. 
HE SHALL STAND. SM, 3 pers. s. fut. of ww/, to 

stand. Seyf, another form of #^, w. 

STAND THOU. S4f . 2 pers. s. imp. of ievel, to stand. 
Also written 9do and 8d, w. 

STAND UP. S4v. b. ; s4v a man, p. ; sAf yn ban, p.c. 
2240 ; ga ban, p. 

STAND. Ga,p. 

STAND or STANDING, 8. S4f, w. ; safif, m. 3966; 
saeff. M. 4460. Vn din the gerthU ay 9aff, one man 
to go from his standing, x. 3966 ; trig, n. 

STANDING, adj, Saval, w. 

STANDING CORN. Is saval. w. ; jz saval. p Cora 
as it stood in the field, i.^., standing com was simply 
called com or the com, in Cornish, yd, yz, ys, ix, hit, 

STANDING-PLACE, 8, Stons, w. ; trig (? trigva), x>. 

A STANDING POOL, #. Merthyn. sagen, b. 

STANDING WATER. Lo, lin, lyn, w. 

STAR, X. Steren, sterran, w. 

STARS, 8. St^r, steyr, w. ; steare, c.w. 102 ; steryan, 
w. ; sterrian, p. ; stergan, o m. 36. An haul htfn Ur 
ha^n steryan, the sun, the moon, and the stars, o.M. 

A BLAZING STAR. Sterran leski, p. 

A WANDERING STAR. Sterran gwandre, w. 

STARE, TO STARE ABOUT, v. Gake, geke, d. 

STARLING, ». Troden, trodzhan, w. ; stare, n. 

STARLINGS, 8. Edhnou brodzhan, b. (? trodskan). 

START, 8. (As from surprise). Plynch, w. If 6s tk 
kuthi war vn plynch^ go to hide at a start, p.c. 1004. 

START, V. Plynchye, w. 

STATE, CONDITION, «. Cher, p. May thyw lemmyn 

da ow ehSr^ that my state now b good r.i>. 501. 
STATE, DEGREE, RANK, 8. Pryckna, pruckna, p. 

STAVES, 8. Battys, w. ; battyz, p. ; battis, b. ; 
fustow, p.c. 1 172, Oan8fu9tow ha elythythow, with 
staves and swords, p.c. 1172. Oans haUy8 U 
clythythoWf with staves and swords, p.c. 608. 

STAY or GROUND, 9. Or^vder, w. ; krAvder, p. 

Digitized by 





STAT or DELAY, r. Hethy, p. 

STAT or SUPPORT, s. Gew, p. 

STATS or PROPS, s. Stanconnou. b. 

STAT or PROP, v. Stanconni, b. ; trig, d. 

STAT or Tarry, v. Gortes, gortez, p.; gortos, 
cortes, w. ; kortez, b. ; cortez, coitus, kortez, kyrtoz, 
p. ; wortos, w. ; wonnen. p. ; streche, strechye, w. ; 
streuha, strelha. p. JUy ny garaf streehS pel, 1 do 
not like to stay long, rd. 22-19. The phrase *' straking 
along," for sauntering, is often used in Cornwall. 

STAY, ABIDE, or DWELL, v. Trega, trege, trigd, 
trige, trigia, drege, w. ; trussen, p. 

HE STAYED. Drigas, a mutation of triga$, 3 pers. 
s. preterite of tnga, to stay, abide, or dwell, w. 

HE WILL STAY. Dric, a mutation of trie, 8 pers. 
8. fut. of irtga, to stay, abide, or dwell, w. 

HE WILL STAY or TARRY. Worto, a mutation 
of gorto, 3 pers. s. fut. of gortos, to stay or tarry, w. 

STEAD, PLACE, SITUATION, *. Le, w. ; U, ly, 
leh, lu, p. 

STEADFAST, adf\ Thyasseth. b. ; thyaseth, spemas, 
p. ; spemabyll, spemafyll, b. 


STEAL, V. Ladra, laddre, w. ; lyttry, p. ; porogga, 
b. ; kibbin, b.t. For more see ROB, v. Among the 
miners, to steal ore, is to kitt, 

THOU MAYEST STEAL. Lyttry, 2 pers. s. subj. 
of ladra, to steal, w. 

TO STEAL MARBLES. Strakye, d. 

STEEL, s. Metol (also any metal), w. j mael (meta- 
phorically), by mutation vaeL ligvael, fairly armed. 
Mael, armour, b. 

STEEL-YARD, «. Ancell, p. 


STEER. «. Denewoit, w. ; denevoit, p.; dunuves, b. ; 
lodn, ywegi?8, w. Oaver, ywegia, karow, goat, steer, 
stag, o M. 126. 

STEERSMAN, *. Leuuit, lewyidh, lewiader, w.; 
leuiader. leuint, brenniat, p. ; brennyat, b. 

STEM, 8. (See STALK for other forms). Sif, w. 
Pup gvethen tefym a'n %6f, let every tree grow from 
its stem, o.m. 29 ; boncyff. b. ; blyn, o.M. 779. 
Nymese a*n blyn thf*n ben, there was none from the 
stem to the head, o m. 779. 



STEP, j». (Ir&t, gry, p. iJydryk gry, nor stop a step, 
p. ; cam, w. 

STEP, 1^. Lamme, lemmel, w. ; lamma, garras, p. 

STEP-FATHER, «. Altrou, w. 

STEPMOTHER, «. Altruan, w. 

STEP-SON, #. Els, w. Pryce says, a son-in-law. 

STEP-DAUGHTER, 9. Elses. Pryce says, a step- 
son (?). 

STERILITY, s, (As of women). Anvabat, w. 

STERN, 9. (As of a ship). Aires, w. 

STEW. #. (One of meat and potatoes). Scabby- 
gullion, scabby-galjun, chod, n, 

STEWARD, 9. Maerbuit, w. 

STEWINO, *. Codnor, d. 

STICK. V. (To stick to, to adhere). Glene, gleny, 
glyne, w. ; glenaz, dho glenys, sese, p. 

STICK, 9, (A stick). Bach, bagl, b. ; polyn, b.t. 

A STICK or PIECE OF WOOD. Prennyer, pren- 
yer, p. 

STICKS or PIECES OF WOOD. Prynner, prynn- 
yer, w. Prynnyer derow ov trehy, cutting oak sticks, 
O.K. 1010. 

w.p.p. polyn, D. 

A ROTTEN STICK. Kiskey, b.v. The Cornish call 
a withered old man *' a kiskey of a man." 

STICKLEBACK, «. Bulgranade, bulgranack, n. 

STIFF, adj. Glow, gleu. p. ; serth, w. May th^erUre 
an spikys 9&rth, that the stiff spines may enter, p.o. 

STIFFLY, adv. ThyflBlas, p. ; yeinder, b. 

STIFLE, V. Megi, w. ; megy, p. ; taga, w. ; tagou, b. 

STIFLED, part. Stoath, b. 

STIGMATIZED, part. Omskemynes, p. 

STILL, adv. Whith, wh^th, w. ; wh4t, p. Del vsan 
y^thewon whithy as the Jews are stiU, b.i>. 2406; 

Srest, c.w. 1482. Tma $f preet oto pewa, he is still 
ving, c.w. 1482. 

STILLNESS, «. Callamingi, w. ; kallamingi, p.; 
kallaminghi, b. 

STING, 9. (Of a bee). Cdl, colin, conyn, b. Brfis, 
w. These mean the point which stings. 

STING, 8. (As by an insect). Gw4n, w. ; guan, b. 
STING, V. Gueny, p. ; brouda, b. ; piga, w. ; tardha, 


STING-FISH,*. Calcar, D. 

STINK, «. Drogsawam, w. ; dr6g-savam, p. ; flair, 

fleyr, fleyryngy, w 
STINK, V. Flery^, fleyry^, w. ; flery, dho flery, p. ; 

mousegy, w. 

STINKARD, 9. Fleryys, w. ; podren, m. 3323. P«f- 
dra leuer an podren, what does the stinkard say ? x. 

STINKING, adj. Flerys, w. ; flayrys, c.w. 2248; 
leudic, w. ; leudik, p. ; mechiec, w. ; mechiek, b. ; 

Digitized by 





mekiek, musac, p.; mouzak, b. ; mosek, m« 2131; 
podrethek, m, 3061. 

A STINKING FELLOW. Plos fleryye, p. See 

A STINKING WEED. P168 flerjys, p. 

STIPEND, s, Gober, w. ; gobr, p. ; gobar, gobyr, w. ; 
gubar, gu, guu. p. 

STIR or START, r. Plynchye. w. 

STIR UP or EXCITE, v. Desethy, w. ; proyeha, p. 
(? proryeha), 

STIRABOUT, HASTY-PUDDING. «. lot, (yot), w. 
STIRRED or MOVED, part. (Sozez, p. 

STIRRED UP, part Dyrguys. p. ; dyrgwys, ytter- 
Tis, B. 

STIRRING, A STIRRING, «. Comiska, p. 

STIRRUP-CUP, #. Dasb-an-darras, d. 

STOCK, 8, (Of a tree). Stoc, w. 

STOCK, «. (Of bees). Mam guenyn, b. ; mam 
gpf^enen, p. 

STOCKING, *. Hosan. PI Hosaneu, w. ; lodr, b. 
lodei, w. PL Lodrow, lydrow, w. ; lydrou, b. ; 
lydraw, w. ; lydrau, b. ; lydru, p. 

STOLE, s. (The garment). Stol, w. 

STOLEN, part Ledrys, leddrys, ledres, w. ; leddrez, 
b. Po mark ledrds, when a horse is stolen, w. 

STOLEN AWAY. Leddrez a kar, p. 

STOMACH or MAW, 8. Glis, w. ; glayis, agan, b. 
The Cornish call the stomach of a pig agan. 


STONE, 8, Maen, mlin, mean, m^n, w. ; mein, v^n, 
p. ; carrag, carrac, w. ; carak, carrik, garrik, p. ; 
garrac, garag, w. A very hard stone which will 
strike fire is called ehan. Borlase says elven means 
a spark of fire. 

STONES, 8, Meyn, w. ; mein, b. ; min, p. ; myn, w. ; 
myin. p. ; myyn, w. ; mystin, b. ; veyn, vyn, vyen, 
vyin, vyyn, p. 

ORE. Beuheyl, b. Lit A living stream. 

STONE, THE STONE, 8. (The stone in the bladder). 
M&ntedh, w. Ckvas y marUedh^ the disease of the 

STONES, 8. Cerig, crig, crug, b. 

STONE HEARTH, s. M^nolas. This name is still 
used by fishermen for a fire-place in a fishing boat. 
The hearth is made of clay and stones. It is of a 
bquare form. See HEARTH. 

STONE-CUTTERS, «. Trahesi-mein, w.; trahezi. 
mean, b. ; trehesy-meyn, o.m. 2411 ; trahezi-mein, p. 

STONE TRENCH. Maengloadh, maengledh, b. 

STONE WALL. Fos a vyin, w. ; f&z a vyen, p. 

STONY, adj. Mansec, mansek, w. ; meinek, meinig, 
B. ; mynic, w. ; meny, veney, p. 

STONY PLACE. Grambler d. Gronnd or earth 
with many stones interspersed was called canu ty^r. 

STOODEST, THOU 8T00DE8T UP. Sefsys, 2per». 
preterite of sevel^ to stand, q.v, 

STOOL, 8. Scavel, scavell, w. ; skaval, p. ; skavall, 

C.F. 20 ; sgavel, p. 
A THREE FOOTED STOOL. Tribedh, trebath, w. 
STOOP, TO STOOP DOWN. v. Wetra, p. 
STOOPED, part Wetras, b. 

STOP, TO RETAIN, r. Duethy, p. Part. Dned- 
haz, p. 

STOP, TO STAND STILL, v. Feeth, p. 

STOP, TO HINDER, v. Lettya, w. 

STOP, TO STAY. v. See STAY. v. 

STOP, HOLD. Sens, syns. This exclamation is 
still made by the boys at Polperro in playing 
marbles, &c. It is from sensy or sytuy, to hold, f. 9. 

STORE or PLENTY, t. Amal, b. 

STORK, #. Store, w. ; stork, p. 

STORM, s. Cewar, kuer, cuer, w. ; kenar, anle^ 
unauhel, p. ; anavel, b. ; hagar awel, haga anel, p. ; 
hagaruel, guins a dro, b. 

A HIGH STORM. Aules ewhall, p. 


STORMY, a(^\ Drychinog, tymbestlog, b. 

STORY or TALE. 8. Daralla, whethel, whethl, 
hwitel, w. ; huitel. b. ; hwedhel, p. The woid 
widdUs is often used, meaning whims, silly conceits, 
foolish tales. 

A FALSE STORY. Hwedhel giiac, w. 

STOUT, VALIANT, RESOLUTE, adj. Cadam, w. ; 
cadr, B. ; glew, w. ; barthesek, p. 

STOUT, HEARTY, JOLLY, adj. Calonec, w.; ka- 
lonek, p. ; kalonnek, b. ; ^alonk, kf>lednek, kelednack, 

STOUT AND SHORT. (As of a man). Dnrgy, 
dourgy, purgy, r. 

STRAIT or CONFINED, adj. CM, w. 

STRAIT or ARM OF THE SEA, 8. Fi*t, p. 

STRAIGHT, adj. Compos, w. ; compas, cw. 19; 
compos, w. ; oompez, b. ; compys, cymp^s, kympes, 
w. Sa compos y dentoennow^ and straight its roles, 
o.H. 2441. Scdn worths compos avith ywryis, forth- 
with shall be made straight, c.w. 19 ; ewn, ewen» w. ; 
eun, p. ; thyggyow, p. 

Digitized by 





STRAIGHT, adv. Sket. Bys yn iherusakm sksi, even 

to Jerosalem straight^ p.o. 1639. 
STRAIGHT OVER. Poran w&r, b. 
STRAIGHTWAY, adv. Sk6n, c w. 14. 

Ewnys, uynnas, v, 

STRAIGHTER, adj. Composs^, v. Compossi pren 
yn nep U^ a straighter tree in any place, o.ii. 2577. 

STRAIGHTLY, RIGHTLY, ado. Poran, w. 

STRAIN, V. (As in a sieye). Sizla, b. 

STRAIN or STRETCH, v. Dyscavylsy, dygavelsy, w. 

STRAINER,*. Sizl, B. 

STRAND, $. (Sea shore). Sian, zian, w. ; trig, n. 

STRANGE, adj. Uncouth, w. ; voren, voran, p. ; 
shnne, Carew. 

STRANGE! exelam. Refaria! {Lit. By St. Mary). 
Rea! Rea, real, Rea snas!, Reve! {rea reve), w. ; 
Ria ! A rea !, p. ; arear !, n. 

STRANGER, s. Estren, w. ; ancouth, b. ; d&i nn- 
chnt, d6n uuoouth, pirgirin, w. ; pirgrin, p. ; pry- 
eryn, w. 

STRAlNGLE, v. Guadngyrti, b. ; taga, w. ; tagon, b. 

STRANGLED, part. Teges, w. ; teghez, b. ; tegea, 
tegys, p. 

STRANGLING, t. T&g. w. ; thage, p. ; ardac, w. 

STRATUM, s. (Of alluvial tin ore). Beuheyle, p. ; 
benkyl, b.t. 

STRATUM, 8. (Of sandy earth and small stones). 
Cothan, n, 

STRAW, t. (In the mass). Gala, w. ; kala, p. ; 
gala, w. Ha cala lour war hy luer, and straw enough 
on its floor, p.o. 680 ; gwells, gwels, guelz, w. ; 
gwyls, p. ; soul, b. 

STRAW, s. (A single straw). Kala, b. ; cala, gala, 
w. ; gwehen, w.p.p. 

A STRAW BED. Gwille cala, p. ; kalagueli, b. 

STRAWBERRY, t. Sevi, w. ; syvi, p. ; sivi, moran- 
kali, B ; moran cala, w. 

A STREAK, SMUDGE, or BLURR, s. Strom, d. 

STREAKED, adf. Bryth, b, ; brith, bruit, w. 

STREAM, ». PM, p.; str^t, strath, streyth, w. ; 
str^k, p. The strake in a china-clay work is the 
shallow and long pit for the stream of clay water 
passing along it. See RIVER. 

A LIVING STREAM. Beuheyle, p. ; benkvl, b.t. 
This is a mining term and it means a rich layer of 
ore in a stream-work. See STRATUM. 

STREET, i. Rew, ru, w. It also means a paved way. 

STRENGTH, POWER, MIGHT, s. Crevder, w. ; 
kreyder, p. ; creys, w. ; creis, creiz, p. ; crys, grys, 
greys, w. ; fas, fos, fr^th, harth, p. ; haiam, b. ; nell, 

nel, w. ; nerg, nerh, b. ; north, w. ; verth, p. ; 
sproil, sprawl, n. 

STRENUOUS, adf. Mfen, vto, f6n, uthec, ithic, w. ; 
ithik, ithig, p. 

STRETCH, TO STRETCH OUT, v. Hedhes, hedhy, 
w. ; hedha, heth6, P. ; discavylsy. dyscavylsy, w. ; 
discavyssy, p. ; dygavelsy, ystyn6, w. 

STRETCHED, adj. T^. tyn, w. 

STRETCHED OUT, part. Discavylsys, w. ; stous, p. 

Tenewen, denewan, temewan, tomewan, tymewan, 
w. ; temehuan, p. 

STRETCHING, s. (Of the body). Cehedzhe, w. ; 
kehedzhe, p. 

STRICT, «^*. Fast,w. 

STRIDE, V. Lamma, p. ; lamm6, lemmel, w. 

STRIDE or STEP, t. Lam, cam, w. 

STRIFE, s. Bresel, bresell, bresul, bresyl, vresyl, 
strif , stryf , w . ; kynnen, b. ; errya, p. 

A CAUSER OF STRIFE. Strifor, w. 

STRIKE, V. Gwascel, guascel, gwiscel, gwescel, 
gwyscel, gwyskel, gwyscy, w. ; guisky, guesga, 
guasga, p. ; wyscel, w. ; wysk, p. ; fyscy, cnoucyA, 
knouky^, cnakia, w. ; cnithio, b. ; cronkya, p. ; 
krongkia, gronkye, b. ; groncye, w. ; crunckia, b. ; 
dehesy, dhehesy, w. ; thehesy, p. ; terhi, caro, blu- 
thye, B. ; squattya, skuattia, scuattya, skuattya, 
sguattia, w. 

THEY STRUCK. Wyskens, a mutation of gwyseent, 
8 pers. pi. imperf. of gtoyscel, to strike, w. 

I WILL STRIKE. Wascaf, a mutation of gwaaeaf, 
1 pers. s. fut. of gwascel, to strike, w. 

HE WILL STRIKE. Wysc, a mutation of gtoyse, 
3 pers. s fut. of gwysoel, to strike, w. 

TO STRIKE ONE'S SELF. Emwysca, w. 

TO STRIKE A BLOW. Boxcusy, w. 

douUa a doar, p. 

STRICKEN, adf. Gujsketh, gweska, gwaska, b. 

STRING or CORD, s. Linin, lovan, w. ; louan, p. ; 
corden, w. As a diminutive, Lovannan, w. 

STRIP or STRIP OFF, v. Discy, dyscy, w, ; diski, 
p. ; digwisca, dygwysca, w, ; thyguisky, p. 

STRIPPED, SPOILED, part. Distryppas, b. 

STRIPT, part. (Stript naked). Dygavelsys, w. 

STRIPE, STROKE, or BLOW, s. Stroc, strocos, 
stlap, stlaf, stuan, b. See STROKE or BLOW. 

STRIVE or CONTEND, v. Cencia, kennkia, w. ; 
kenkia, p. ; emdhal, omdhal, errya, w. ; gueskall, p. ; 
scome, scomye, strevy6, w. ; soranny, n. 

STROIL, i. Film, b. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




STROKE or BLOW, t. Bync, w. ; bynk, p. ; bank, 
B. ; bom, bum, w. ; pylt, 8tr6c, strocos, stlap, atlaf, 
stuan, B. Fl. Streets, strocosow, w. ; strokosou, b. 

STROKE BY STROKE. Tyebatas (tys^ha^tas), p. 

STRONG, adf. Ci^f, crfiv, w. ; krer, b. ; crif, cryf, 
crjff, w. ; creif, c.w. 116; creaf, c.w. 2749; greif, 
o.w. 423 ; fr^tb, bardb, cadam, w. ; cadr, b. ; men, 
ven, fen, w. 

STRONGER, adj\ Creffa, m. 331. 

STRONGLY, adv. Eest-yn-tyn, lasthe, p. ; lascbe, b. ; 
in nyell, c.w. 2203. 

FULL STRONGLY. Pur greyf, c.w. 720. 

STRUCK or KNOCKED, part. Gwskys, wyskens, 
b. ; gnacias, w. Onacias is a mutation of cnaeias, 3 
pers. 8. preter. of cnaeiij id.qd. cnoucyS^ to strike, w 

STRUGGLE, v. Baster, dastel, tbassel, themlotb, p. * 

STRUMPET, B, Drutb, bora, p. 

STUBBLE, ». Soul, zoul, w. ; cala, b. 

STUD or BOSS, s. Prumpl, b. 

STUDIOUS, adf. Prederys, pryderys, pridetys, bre- 
derys, w. ; brederez, p. ; ystig, b. 

STUDY, V. Predery, predyry, prydery, prydyry, w. ; 
prederi, pridiri, p. ; madra, w. 

STUDY, s. (A place to study in). Myfirion, b. 

STUFF, MATTER, ». Gwyrras, p. 

STUMBLE, 9. Lam, w. 

STUMBLE, t^. Trebytcbya, w. ; sleppia, b. RAg 
dout why dho sleppia, for fear you do stumble (or 

TO STUMBLE OVER, v. Treyl6, trailia, p. 

STUNG, part. Gwenys, gwynys, w. ; guinys, guenyz, 
guenez, b. ; gwenez, p. ; gwinys, w. Owenez yenadar 
p. ; guenez, gen nadar, b. ; stung by an adder. 

STUPID, affj. Talsoch, w, ; talsokh, b. ; taltocb, p. ; 
pyst, Md, w. ; drazac, drazackin, droozlin, drumblin, 
zawkin, zawkemin, D. 

A STUPID FELLOW. Pen pyst, p. ; droojy, n. See 

STUPIDITY, » Gokyneth, k. ; uindrau, p. ; vin- 

drau, B. 
STUPIFIBD, part. Omstumunys, p. 
STUTTERER, 9. Stlaf, w. ; bloesy, b. ; cr^g, p. 
STY, s. Crow, w. ; crou, p. 

STYE, «. (Abscess in tbe eyelid). Kennel, kennin, 
cunnon, i>. 

STYLED or NAMED, part. Henyws, b. ; benuel^s, 
benuelez, p. 

SUAVITY, 8. Wbecter, w. ; wbekter, b. 

SUBDUE, V. Dova, w. ; gorlene, worlen^, p. 

SUBJECT, OBEDIENT, adj. Gustytb, gostytb, gos- 
teyth, w. 

SUBSTANCE, t. Petb, peytb, pytb w. PL Petbow. 

SUBSTANCE, USE, MANNER,:*. Defnydh, w. 

SUBSTITUTE, v. Gorthrodhy, w. 

SUBTLE, adj. Sotel, w. ; fin, fyn, b. ; fel, w. ; cud- 
nick, kydmk, p. ; kudnik, b. 

SUBTLE FELLOW. Gu4s, gw&s, p. 

SUBTLE FY, s. Dewnos, deunos, w. ; deuuoe, duuos (?), 
(leskans, p. l)re y deunos, by bis subtlety, p.c. 20. 

SUCCEED, V. Spedye, b. 

SUCH, a^\ Pocar, pokar, w. ; pekar, p. ; pycar, w.; 
pykar, b. ; pocara, w. ; pokara, p. ; suel, sul, w. ; 
pua, piua, p. 

SUCHLIKE, adj. Parma, pama, p. See SUCH. 

SUCK, V. Dena, dene, deny, tena, ten6, w. ; devona, 
devony, p. 

SUCKED, part Denys, tenys, b. 

SUCKLED, part. Denys, m. 295. 

SUCCESSFUL, adj. Ylwys, w. 

SUCCOUR, s. Fors, gweres, cyweras, w. ; kyueras, f» 

SUCKERS or SPROUTS, j, Lyuorcb-guydb, p. 

SUCKLING or GIVING SUCK, part. Ov tena, k. 

SUDDEN, adj. Cut, cot, w. ; got, p. ; deeempys, 
desympys, dysympys, w. ; dbysempyys, theeempys, 
p. ; desimpit, w. 

SUDDENLY, adn. Adbysempyz, dby sempys, the 
sempys, p. Also tbe other forms, cut, cot, desempys, 
&c., as used for sudden (adj.). Squat, skuat, v. 

SUET, s. Suif, soa, w. ; siuf, p. 

SUFFER or PERMIT, v. Gasa, gase, w. ; gfts, gos- 

heny, pertbegy, p. ; pertheg^s, porthy, perthy, pre- 

thy, w. 
SUFFER or ENDURE, v. Godhaf, wodhaf, w. ; 

gothef, p. ; godhevel, godhewel, gothewel, w. ; pren- 

na. p. 

HE SUFFERED. Wodhefys. Written also, wodkevys, 
a mutation of godhefys, 3 per8. s. preter. of godkaf 
or godhevel, to suffer or endure, w. 

THOU SHALT SUFFER Wodhevyth, a mutation 
of godheryihy 2 pers s. fut. of godhevel, to suffer or 
endure, w. 

HE MAY SUFFER. Wodhaffo. a mutation of god- 
haffo, 3 pers. s. subj. of godhevel, to suffer or endure, w. 

SUFFERED or ENDURED, part. Galarouedges, b. 

SUFFERINGS, s. Thewsjs, p. See PAINS. 

SUFFICIENTLY, adv. Lour, laur, w. ; lower, leas, 
lias, liaz, lyk, luek, luk, p. ; luc, lye, w, 

SUFFOCATE, v. Megi, w. ; megy, p. 

SUFFOCATED, part. Stoath, b. 

SUGAR-STICK, J. (Toffy). CHdgy, d. 

Digitized by 






SUITE, n. Soth, R.D. 1881. Delfarsyn ynta menough 
yn agas soth, as we fared well often in your suite, b.d. 

SUITOR, s. Tanter (? tanter), w. ; tymarrhar, b. 

SULKY, adf. Nurly, n. 

SULPHUR, *. Mygfaen, ruibht, b. 

SUMMER, s. Hif, hAv, w. ; hiff, p. ; have, c.w. 886; 
bin, p. , ephan, b. J/t's ephan, the summer month, 
t.^, June, B. 

A DRY SUMMER. HAv zeah, haflFa zeah, p. 

SUMMER LIGHT^^ING. CoUybran, colbran. Names 
also for the smut in com, n. 

SUMMERLY, adj. HAnic, w. ; bAnick, p. ; hafaid, b. 

SUMMIT, s. Pen, pyn, w. ; pedn. pednan, p. ; pan, 
ban, bar, tdp, th6p, c6p, w. ; coppa, b. Emos ytk o6p, 
tbou art on thy summit, p.c. 931 ; garras, guarhas, 
gwarhas. w. ; garhas, guarhaz, gwarthav, p. ; guar- 
thav, gwarthe, b. ; crib, w. ; krib, b. Crib or krib, 
properly means the summit or crest. 

SUMPTUOUS, adj, Mourobrur, w. 

SUN, *. Houl. B. ; howle, c.w. 101. An haul, ha'n 
I6r hd'n itergan, the sun, the moon, and the stars, o.m. 
36 ; 861, syl, B. ; sM, used only with didhy day, as 
Mh Mf Sunday, w. 

SUN'S COURSE or PATH. Redegva, p. 

SUNDAY, 9. De sU, w. ; De zil, p. ; Dezil, b. ; Dew- 
siil, w. ; Devsull, DinsM, b. ; D^dh bHI, w. 

Silgueth, Sylgweth, Zilgueth, p. ; Zylgweth, w. ; 
Zylqueth, p. 

SUNDER, V. Woslewys, p. 

SUN-DIAL, s, Soler. b. 

SUNFLOWER, s. L^ngoc, w. The same for mary- 
gold, w. 

SUNG, part. Cenys. kenys, w. 

SUNRISE, s. Houldreval, w. 

SUNSET, t, Houlsedhas, w. ; houl zedhaz, p. ; houl- 
sethza. b. 

SUN-TURN or TURN-SOL, ». Troheaul. This is a 
turn '* such as the Druids made, and the inhabitants 
of the Western Isles still make (t.^., ▲ d. 1769) in 
salutations and worship." £orlase*$ Antiq, of Com- 
waU,2nd Ed. p, 459, 

SUP. s. Lemyk; m. 3813. Rov tnestresy Us kmyk, 
how, masters, is there a sup ? m. 8313. 

SUP, V. Ceany, cona, w. 

SUPPED, part. Counts, connez, w. 

SUPPER, «. Cean, con, w. ; kone, b. ; coon, kon, 
koyn, p. ; coyn, goyn, w. ; goyne, b. 

SUPERSTITION,*. Hygoeled, b. 

SUPPLE, adf. Hibblyth, b. 

SUPPLICATE, V. Pesy, pysy, pisy, w. ; pesa, pidz- 
ha, B. ; pidzhi, pigy, pygy. w. ; pidgy, peidgy, pys, 


SUPPLICATION, s. Pesad pysad, pydzhad. pyjad, 

w. ; pidzhi, P. 
SUPPLICATIONS, M. Pesadow, pysadow, pydzha- 

dow, pyiadow, p. 

SUPPORT, AID, SUCCOUR, s. Fors, w. ; gew, p. 

SUPPORT or PROP, s. Horven. w. ; trig, d. 

SUPPOSE, V. Tebias, tibias, w. ; tebyaz, p. ; tebyas, 
w. ; tibiaz, r. ; tybias, tybyas, w. ; sybbosia, p. ; 
sypposia, sybottia, b. 

SUPPOSED, part. Podeeres, a corruption of prederys^ 
from predery, to consider, to think, p. 

SUPREME, adf. Warrah, w. ; uthall, uhall, uhan, 
umhan, p. 

SURCOAT, 8. Cercot, w. 

SURE, adj. See CERTAIN. 

SURELY, adv. Eredy, yredy, w. ; devery, c.w. 204 ; 
cepar, kepar, b. ; yn sur, ir. ; in suyr, m. 313 ; sur, 
B. ; suir, m. 902 ; suer, m. 4302 ; surredy. p.c. 739 ; 
redy, b. See also CERTAINLY. 

SURETY, PLEDGE, s. Guistel, w. 

SURGE or WAVE OF THE SEA, ». Armor, w. 

SUR-NAME, s. Leeshann, i.e., a name from a place, b. 

SURPLICE, ». Hevis, cams, w. ; kams, b. ; ceroot, w^ 

SURROUNDING, adf. Cerchen, kerchen, kerohyn, 
gerchen, cerhyn, kerhyn, w. 

SUSPECT, t^. Dismigo, dysmegy, w. 

SUSPEND. V. Crlgy, gregy, w. 

SUSPENDED, adf. Croc, crok. cr6g, w. 

SUSPENSION or A HANGING, s. CiAc, crdk, 

crog. w. 
SUSPICION, «. Camdybians, w. ; kabmdybianz, p. 

SUSTAIN, V. (Carry, bear, entertain). Perthy, 
porthy, parthy, prethy, w. 

SUSTAIN, V. (Stay, wait for, remain). Trega, treg^, 
drege, w. 

SUSTENANCE, s. (Victuals, food). Vygyans, b. ; 

vygyens, w. 
SUTLER, s. Maidor, b. 
SWADDLE, V. Mayly^, c.w. 1909; malye, mayl6, 

vayle, w. 
SWADDLED, part. Malys, m. 2642. Rdg inquethav 
fyn maUfSy and swaddled in fine clothes, m. 2642. 


SWALLOW, V. Clunk, w. ; klunk, b. Chmk, ii 
still in common use among tiie uneducated in Corn- 
wall. Dislonkft, w. 

Digitized by 





SWALLOW, ». (The bird). Tehiciic, w. ; tshi-kuk. 
p. Lit, A house cuckoo. Guenol, w. Pryce gives 
guenol for a sparrow. 

SWAMPY, adj, Gwinic, gwemic, w. ; guemick, p, 

SWAN, s. Klerch, w. ; elerhe. elerchy, b. 

SWANNERY, s. Elerchy, p. 

SWARM,*. (Bees). Hes, h^z, w. ; gUz (also h^z), 
D. ; huido-wenyu, saith-beach, b 


SWATHE, 8, (As of com). Dram, d. 

SWAY, «. Mogbheys, m. 313; reoute, m. 208; 
roweth, m. 4533. JUoute an hey a, sway of the 
world, M. 208. Kyn fo mar fw an roweth, though 
so great be our sway, m. 4539. 

SWEAR, V, (Or solemnly affirm). Ee, fo, vo, toy. 
tye, tiah, te, de, di, p. ; dye, c.w. 1 629. 

SWORN. Tui, tyi. E rig tyi dho vi, he swore to 
me. B. 

HE SWORE. Tos, toys, doys, w. ; ef a deas, b. 

I WILL SWEAR Tof, 1 pers. s. fut. of toy, to 
swear, w. 

HE WILL SWEAR, Te, de.' De, a mutation of te, 
2 pers. s. fut. of toy, to swear, w. 

SWEAR, V. (To swear profanely). Methes, p. 

SWEAR, V. Gele, gelle, b. (?) 

SWEAT, V, Hwesa, w. ; hueza, p. ; hwesy, wes^, 
wesy, weys, w. 

SWEAT, 8. Whes, whese, b. ; hw^s, hu6s, w. ; huez, 
p. ; wheys, whys, w. ; hallus, b. He hailus, with 
the sweat, b. 

SWEKP, V. Skibia, p. ; scibia, scaberia, w. 

SWEEPER, «. Scaberias, w. 

SWEET, adj. Wh^c, w. ; wh^k, b. ; w^, w. ; week, 
p. ; hw^c, wh^g, hw^g, w. ; hu^g, P. ; wheag, c.w, 
95 ; wheake, c.w. 537 ; whegol, hwegol, w. ; whys, 
CM. 273 ; melys, b. ; milsey, milzey, mjlgy, d. ; 
lavur, B. Flour when damp and slightly fermented 
becomes sweet or mawkish, it is then called miUey 
miluy, or mylgy flour, d. 

SWEET, AMIABLE, adj. W^k, m. 527. Ov mdp 
wik, my sweet son, m. 527. 

SWEETER, adj Whecca, whekka, whekk^, k. ; 
huekah, p. 

SWEETEST, adj. Wheggol, p. Ya vam wheggol, his 
most sweet mother, p. 

A SWEET BREATH. Mel hu^z, p. 

SWEET-CANE or CALAMUS, ». Koisen, p. 

SWEET-DRINK, s. Bragot, bracat, w. ; brakat, b.; 
bregaud, w. Braggct in English. 

SWEET-HEART, b. Shiner, n. (See also WOOER). 

SWEET-HEARTS, t. Tymarrhurian, b. 

SWEET MILK, «. Leverid, leverith, w. 

SWEETNESS, s. Whecter, w. ; whekter, b. ; hwec- 
ter, w. ; huekter, p. ; melder, ir. 

SWELL, V. Hwedhy, w. ; huedhi, p. ; hudby, w. 

SWELLING, a. Hwedh, w ; huedh, Mh, At, p. 

SWIFT, adj. Stric, strik. w. ; buhan, cyulym, b. 

SWIFTLY, adv. Vskys {u^kyi\ kd. 2503. Mmt 
vskys del thuath omma, so swiftly as he came here, 
B.D. 2503. 

SWIFTNESS, 9. Rhedec, Polwhele. 

SWIM, V. Nyge, nija, w. ; nijah, nizhyea, p. ; niedza, 
B. ; nyidzha, nyse, w. ; nys, renygia, p. 

TO SWIM OVER, V. Tameidzha, w. ; tameudzba, b. 

SWITCH or TWITCH, ». Squych, skwych, scwyth, 
w. ; skwyth, p. People in Comwsdl who are 
troubled with twitches or "the fidgets," say they 
have •* the squitchems.** 

TO BE SWOLLEN, v. Hwedhy, w. ; huedhi, p.; 
hudhy, w. 

SWOON, V. Clamdere, w. ; damdery, p. 

SWOON, s, Clamder, entredes, w. 

SWOONED, part. Clamderys, b. 

SWORD, s. Cledhe, w. ; kledhe, clethe, b. ; gledh, 
gledhe, p. ; glethe, o.ici 292 ; cledha, w ; kledha, 
B. ; cletha, c.w. 965 ; gletha, c.w. 317. Cent ika 
gledhe, with thy sword, w. 

SWORDS, g. Clydhydhow, w. ; clethethyov, m. 1266 ; 
clethythyow, c.w. 325. Cledha bian, a small sword, 

SWORD-BLADE, s. Clafn, b. 

SYMPHONIACA, a. (Herb) Gahen, b. 

SYNAGOGUE, e. Synagys, p.c. 1255. lemmyn 61 yn 
synagys, but all in the synagogue, p.c. 1 255. 

SYNOD, 8. Cedva, w ; chetva, ketva, p. ; kedva, b. ; 
chetua, w (properly the place of meeting); sened, 
w. ; senedh, B. 

SYPHILIS, 8. Pocvan bris. Lit. The great pox; 
poccys, poccys Frenc, pokkys Frenk. Lit. The 
French pox. 

SYRINGE, 8. Skit, skeet, ». 


** This letter in Cornish is both a primary 

initial, and a secondary mutation. 

When a radical initial it changes into d, and M, as tdi, 
a father ; y dda, his father ; ow thda, my father. 

When secondary, t, in Cornish is the aspirate mutation 
of dy as da, good ; pHr dha, very good ; maga to, as 
good ; yn ta, well. Ldn, to bear ; oto tdn, bearing ; 
Due, y tue, he will come," w. Lex. Cam. Brit, 

Digitized by 





TABLE, ». Bord, moys, voys, foys, muis, w. War an 
foffs.on the table, w. 

TABLE-CLOTH, s. Lian biiz, p. 

TACK (or fasten with tacks), v, Tacce, taccye, tak- 
ky(:, w. ; takkia, P. 

TACKLE, $. Takel, p. ; tacel, w. PI Tacklow, p. ; 
tadow, o.M. 936 ; dacklow, c.w. 765. 

TADPOLE, s, Pedn diu, w. Lit, Black-head. 

TAIL, 8. Lost, w. 

Hence this name for a fox, w. 

TAIL, *. Gnen, b n. 2355. Te re gymmy tol ow gum^ 
I wag my tail at ye, b.d. 2355. This seems a vulgar 

TAILOR, 9, Trehes, w. ; trehar, seuyad, seuadh, b. 

TAILORESS, 8. Seuyades, w. ; senades, b. 

TAILPIPE, r. Prall, n. 

TAKE, BEAR, or CARRY, v. Perthy, porthy, ber- 
thy, prethy, w. ; aborth, p. See also BEAR and 

TAKE, HAVE, or FETCH, v. Pethe, fethy, w. 

TAKE or HAVE, v. Kafus, o.m. 497. Kafiu y thege 
hep grift to take his tenth without complaint, o.m. 
497. For other forms of kaju8, see HAYE, v. 

kemeres, chymeres, kymeres, cymer^s, w. ; kymeras, 
p. ; kemer, b. ; gemer^s, w. ; gymer^s, p. ; hemeres, 
prenne. pnmny, pema, w. £rna*n prenni an gud»» 
na, until I take that fellow, o.m. 2152; frenne, p. 
HyfrennS byth nynsyw bem, of it take nerer care, p. 

I WILL TAKE. Gemeraf, a mutation of eem$raf, 1 
pers. 8. fut. of cemerh, to take, w. 

HE SHALL TAKE. Gemmer, a mutation of oemmer, 
3 pers. 8. fut. of oemerSSy to take, w. 

WE SHALL TAKE. Gemcryn, a mutation of cemeryn, 
1 pers. pi. fut. of cemerit, to take, w. 

TAKE THOU. Cemer, cebmer, cymmer, gymmer, 
gybmar, tan, w. 

TAKEN, part. Cemerys, kemerys, w. ; hemerys, kem- 
erag, gemerag, chechys, b. ; brys, p. Creator a hrye 
hef*fn, creature taken from woman, p. ; degys, dregy, 
thoke, B. 

TO TAKE AWAY, v, Anhethy, dreval, dho dreval, 
kerans, kemere kerans, kerr, rygemeraz, p. 

TO TAKE YENGEANCE, v. Darvyngya, m. 2396. 

TO TAKE IN YAIN. {Seil The name of God). 
Towle the skul. 

TO TAKE CARE, v. Gwythe, w. 

TAKE THOU CARE. Gwet, guet, gweyt, w. ; gueyt, 
^ueyt, p. ; gwyth, w. ; guyth, b. The 2 pers. s. 
imp. of gwythi, w. 

TAKE YE CARE. Gweytyeuch, 2 pers. pi. imp. of 
gtpythi^ w. ; vethough, b. 

TAKE CARE. Thevyth, b. This seems a rough form 
of cautioning. Borlase thinks it is from thevath, a 

LET THEM TAKE CARE. Gweytyens, 3 pers. pL 
imp. of gwythiy w. 

TAKEN OFF. Douthek, b. 

A TAKING HOLD OF. Dalhen, w. 

TALC, s, (The mineral). Glidder, n. 

TALE or NARRATION, s, Daralla, w. 


TALE-BEARER, ». Gowygy, whetlow, p. ; ystifer- 
ion, w. 

TALE-TELLER, e. Gouhoc, gowec, w. ; huetlo, b. 

TALK, V, Cows, w. ; cous, dho cous, p. ; caws, w. ; 
kauz, B. ; keuza, keuzel, dhe cousa, p. ; cowsy, coosy, 
D. See TELL or SAY. 

TALK, t. (Discourse). Cowms, cows, w. ; kouz, b. ; 
cous, CM. 1899; gows, w. ; kounis, b. 


A GREAT TALKER. Dfen bris lavar, w. 

TALL, adj, Tal, hlr, hyr, uchel, uhel, huhel, yuhel, 

TALLOW, 8. Suif, soa, w. ; siuf, p. (?); blonec, 
blonit, B, 

TAMBOURINE, e. Crowdy-crawn, b. 

TAME, adj. Dof, d6v, d6, w. ; doff, m. 4028. JSffue 
led 6n dofff he will lead her like a tame lamb, m. 

TAME, V, Dova, tempre, w. Sa my a wra y tempri^ 
and I will tame him, PC. 1892. 


TANKARD, t. Gweren, w. 

TAPER, 8. (A wax candle). Taper, w. ; tapar, p« 

TAPE'^TRY, «. Strail, w. ; elestr, b. ; kyulat, p. 

TARDY, adj. HM, w. 

TARES, DARNEL, 8. Ivre, w. 

TARGET, «. Costan, w. ; kostan, b. ; gostan, w. 

TARRY, V, Gortes, cort^s, cyrtas, w. ; kyrtai, b. ; 
streche, strechy6, w. ; streuha, strelha. hethy, 
wonnen, p. ; trega, trege, triga. trige, trigia, w. ; 
dryk, b. Ef a dryk, he shall tarry, b. See also 

TARRIED, pari. Tregid, dregas, b. 

TASTE, V. Desty, b. ; dastya, c.w. 880 ; doway, p. 


TATTLE, V. Canvas, dho canvas, p. ; kanvas, b. ; 
flout, p. 

TATTLE, 8. Wob, d. 

Digitized by 





TATTLEK, *. Cowser, d. 

TAVERN, 8, Tavargn, hostleri, p. ; tshyrkog, b. ; 
prys-ly, r.d. 2149. 

TAWNY, adj\ Hidhvelyn, w. 

TEACH, V. Descy, w. ; desgy, p. ; desca, desga, w. ; 
deshy, p. ; dyscy, dysky, tescy, w. ; tesky, b. ; 
tysky, thy sky, w. 

TEACHER. «. Descader, deskadzher, w. 

TEACHING, 8. (, a teaching). Bescas, dhescas, 
dyscas, dyskas, desces, deskes, dysces, discans, dis- 
kans, w. 

TEACHING, part Bisky, tisky, thesky, b. 

TEAR, V. Squardyfe, squerdye, w. ; squerdya, p. 

TO TEAR TO PIECES, v Squattya, scuattya, 
skuattia, dho sknattya, sguattia, w. 

TEAR or RENT, s. Squerd, p ; squard, FolwheU. 
These words are still used. 

TEAR or SMALL DROP, s. Dagren, w. PI Dag- 
row, w. ; dacrou, PoUoheU, 

TEAR, «. (In sorrow). Dager, w. ; dagar, p. PI. 
Dagrow, daggrow, w. ; dagrou, b. 

TEASE, V. Tountya. m. 3300. Rdg dyshy deth$ 
tountyay for teaching them to tease, m. 3300. 

TEAT, B, T^th, w. ; tidi, tidy, brodn, bron, p. 

A LITTLE TEAT or PAP. Tethan. TMy is a 
common provincial word for mother's milk, or the 
breast. '*Give the child some tiddy," is a phrase 
often nsed. 

TEDIOUS, adj, Hir, hyr, w. 

TEETH, 8, D^ns, d^nz, deins, dyns, dannet, p. See 

TELL or SAY, v. Cows, w. ; cous, tho cons, p. ; dho 
kouz, kauz, b. ; caws, w. ; consa, dhe cousa, keusel, 
p. ; kewsel, cewsel, gewsel, geusel, gows, daryvas, 
dharyvas, descy, w. ; desgy, p. ; desca, desga, dyscy, 
w ; deshy, p. ; dysmegy, dysmygy, desmygy, w. 
Kyn na vynno dysmegy^ although he will not tell, 
p.c. 13b7 ; laol, w. ; leverel, la vary, p. 

I TELL YOU. Jevody. A Cornish form of the 
French phrase, je vous dt8. 

TELL or COUNT, v, Nivera, nevera. p. See 

TELL-TALE, ». Huetlo, b. 

TEMPER, V. Tempr6, w. 

TEMPERER, «. (Of tools). Minanrau, b. 

TEMPEST, 8. Cewar, cuer, kuer, w. ; hagarauel, 
anauhel, guins a dro, p. ; tervyns, w. 

TEMPESTUOUS, adf. Tymbestlog, b. 

TEMPLE, t. Tempel, w. ; tempell. PI Templys, b. 

TEMPLES, #. (Of the head). Erieu, b. 

TEMPT, V, Trta, temptya, b. 

TEN. Dec, d^k, d% w. ; deag. p. 

TEN TIMES. D^gwyth, w. ; deguyth, p. 

TEN HUNDRED TIMES. Dfeh canquith, p. 

TENACIOUS, adf. Sinsiat. b. From Btfuy, to hold, 

TENANT, «. Den koskor, b. 

TENDER, adj. Medal, b. ; medhal, meddal, medhel, 
w. ; methel, p. ; tyner, b. ; awhesyth, o.m. 12<)8. 
Grugyer Uk hag awhesyth, a partridge &dr and tender, 
O.M. 1203. 

TENDER, SENSITIVE, adj. Tidden, n, 

TENDERNESS, «. Medhalder. medalder, w. 

TENDON, 8. Gey en, geien, w. ; gelen, gelyn, p. 

TENDONS, s. Scenys, w. See SINEWS. 

TENT, 8. Soowa, w. Rdg ny a yl giU sewva, for wo 
may make a tent, o.m. 1717 ; gulscouua, p. ; oyer- 
gugol, B. 

TENTH. Degves. Degves rdn, the tenth part or 
shure, w. ; dekfaz, deagvas, p. 

TENTH, 8. (The tenth or tithe). Dege, dhege, w. ; 
thege. O.M. 497. 

TERM, A TIME. A COURSE, «. Termen, tennyn, 
dermyn, w. ; v^th, p. 

TERMINUS, 8. Or, ore, b. 

TERRIBLE, adj, Uthec, uthek. uthyc, uthyk, hut- 
hyc, huthyk, w. ; uter, b. ; ethuc, ethec, ethyc, 
ythec, ithic, w. 

TERRIBLE, VIOLENT, SAD, adj. Trewysy, o.m. 
2704. Ga%8 morbsn liom trewyty, with a nuillet a 
terrible blow, o m. 2704. 


TERRITORY, ». Bro, vro, terros, terras, derros, w.; 
terras, p. ; teroge, w. 

TERROR, 8. Tarofan. tarofvan, tarostan, tamytuan, 
w. ; t^r, p. Ouythe ef rdg tarofvan, preserve it from 
terror, o.m. 2364 ; iith, euth. uthecter, w. 

TERTIANS, 8 (Agues). Tarthennow, m. 1423. 

TESTIFY. V. Tustune, du8tun6, dustyne, w. 

TESTIMONY, x. Tiston^, testyny, tustuny, dustuny, 
du8t3my, w. ; tistum, p. 

TETHER, 8. Spanjar, span, n. 

THAN, SO, AS, LIKE AS, ad/o. Del, mal, mel, rel, 

THAN. Es, eys, w. ; ys, b. ; ag6s, w. ; agess, ahio, 
tra. try. tro, w. ; to, p. Tekki alter h dd ^ genm^ 
a fairer altar than such as is with us, o.m. 1179. 
Hacri memane eye emlathe, a more cruel death than 
self-killiug, r.d. 2078. Teki agie hyne, fairer than 
before, P.O. 348. Ken arUUh ageee rf, another loid 
than him, o.m. 1789. Te kane, than before, b. Ofutk 
ye ky, worse than a dog, k n. 2026. 

Digitized by 





THAN THOU. Agesos, w. 

THAN YE. Ksouch. agesoncb, w. ; agesoughy ir. 
Ken ageiovgh, other than you (or ye), cm. 2357. 

TO THANK, TO GIVE THANKS, v. Grasse, w. ; 
carro. Ren carro, let ns thank, p. 

THANK GOD. Merastadu. Lit Many thanks to 

I THAiNK. Durdalatha, b. 
I THANK YOU. Dnrdalatha why, p. 
MANY THANKS TO YOU. Merastawhy, p. 
THANKS TO YOQ. Durdala dho why, w. 
THANKS. Durdala, p. 

THANKS, GRACE, «. Grlis. r&s. PL Grasow, rasow, 
w. ; grassees, m. 4240. The Ihesu reho grM%ee%, to 
Jesus bfk thanks, m. 4240 ; grassies, c.w. 2092 ; 
grassy es« c.w. 2460 ; gromersy. o n. 2384 ; gromercy, 
o.M. 407. Adan a nif gromercy y oh father of heaven, 
thanks, o.M. ^07 ; zehaz, B. 

THANKS. Mack, b. The Cornish used this single 
word macky just as we say ** thanks." 

I GIVE THANKS. Crasseeff, m. 3692. Ihem dyeo 
y crMHeeff, Jesu, to thee I give thanks, m. 3892. 

THANKFUL, adj. Grassys, b. 

THAT, adj. pron. (That there, that same). Hen, P:c. 
2546. jffa ban, y9 emskemungs, and that is accursed, 
p.c. :ifi'4tf; henna, w. ; hena, p. ; hedna, c.w. 2447 ; 
hed, r. ; hedda, w. ; hon, ir. ; honna, hodna, hodda, 
w. ; na, b. An tnauma, that lad. An marhna^ that 
horse, b. Yn toldn na, in that country, N. ; ne, k. 
Tn ar-ne, in that hour, n. ; ya, i, y, b. Tmatcna, 
that boy, b. 

THAT, conj\ (So that. as). Caman, camen, cammen, 
min {ma yn), maga. w. ; magas, maes, may, p. May 

. /(?, 3iay fe, that there may be, p. ; ma. n. Ma gae 
boy that it be to you (that you may have), p.c. 
226 ; suel. sM, tre, dre, w. ; drean, p. ; tra, tro, w. ; 
treu, p. ; try, w. ; taman, b. ; teffe, p. Teffe delas 
doe den^y so that the men come, p. ; tridzhan, par, 
p. ; pan, plenys, b. 

THAT NOT, Na (before consonants) ; nag (be- 
fore vowels). 

THA r NOT, eomp. conj, Manno, manna, ma-na, w. 

THAT WHICH. Menz, b. 

TO THAT. Thyso, r. 



THAT IS Us, ^9, w. 

THATCH, t. Teys, teyz, soul, b. 

THATCH, V, Ty, w. ; tei, tey, b. ; to, p. 

THATCHER, s. Tyor, w. 

THATCHED HOUSE. Chy teyz, ti soul, b. 

THAW, V. Tedha, w. 

THE. ]Jit finite article. An. An din, the man. Some- 
times written han, en, y. yn, tha^ thSk, p. 

AND THE. Han, ha'n {ha an), p. 

BY THE. Ren (re-an), w. ; genas, c.w. 819. 

FROM THE. A'n, w. 

TO THE. D6n {de an), dhfen, w. ; th^n (the-an), d4n, 
tin, p. ; dha*n, b. ; thin {the-an), p. ; dhyn, dhynni, 
B. ; dys, dfes, w. 

THEATRE, *. Uwardy, w.; guardy, guar-ty, p. 

THEATRES, s. Guarimou, b. 

THEE, pron. Te, ti, w. ; tee. c.w. 914; tye, c.w. 
2251 ; ty. w. ; di, dy, p.; se, sy, w. ; she, c.w. 
2296 ; chee, p. ; ge, gy {g soft), w. ; hauns, b. 

BEFORE THEE. Ragos, w. 

BY or WITH THEE. Genes, w. ; genez, genass, 
p. ; genas, gynez, b. 

BY or THROUGH THEE. Drethos, ir. 

FOR THEE. Ragos. w. ; ragas, c.w. 817 ; gothaf, 
ynne, ynny, p. ; dhyso, b. 

FROM THEE. Ahanes, w. ; a banes, p. ; ahanas, 
w. ; hanas, p. ; hanys, c.w, 1 547 ; worth ys, p. ; 
dheworthys, deworthys. dyworthys, w. ; tha worthii 
go, c.w. 810; ragos, w. 

IN THEE. Ynnos, yn-ti, w. ; yth, p. 

OF THEE. Ad, a'd, a'th, w. ; dy, thesy, hanas, p. ; 
ahanas, ahanes, w. ; a banes, p. 

TO THEE. Thys. b ; thyes, c.w. 698 ; theis, pi , thyso, 
M. 1 1 20 ; th^rs, p. Rag cvwsal thin, to speak to 
thee, p.; thewh, c.w. 676; thewhy, c.w. 702; 
thage, c.w. 80"» ; tith, tyth, d^s, deys, dheys, dys 
w. ; dear, dheyz, dhiz, b. ; dhyz, p. ; deso, dheso, 
w. ; dhethy, p.; doyn, b. ; wamas, o.M. 1072; wor- 
thy s, orthys, geta. w. 

WITH THEE, Genes, w. ; genez, p.; genas, b.; genasa, 
gynez, tegen {te-gen), tb^i-s, p. Bag cowsal thSrs, to 
speak with thee, p. ; genes tha, c.w. 151 ; genas she, 
c.w. 2296. 

UPON THEE. Wamas, n. 

THEIR, po88. pron. A, y, agei, aga, gei, w. ; ge, p. ; 
go, w. ; dy, ella, p. 

TO THEIR Thaga, c.w. 2434. 

OF THEIRS. Aga, p. 

THEM, pron. pers. An (a, anx, 'n him), a's, as, i, y, 
w- ; y\ g. ge«^ gy, b. ; we, gzhyi, p. ; dzhei, se, 
wottense, worte, b. ; renna, renna li, ryna, rego, 
ylly, dous, p. 

AT THEM. Worte, ort^, w. 

BEFORE THEM. Raghthe, w. 

BY THEM. Drethe, k. ; worte, ort6, w. 

FOR THEM. Raghthe, w. ; ragas, k. (i.e., re agas). 

Digitized by 





FROM THEM. Anethe, annethe. w.; annethy, 
annotho, anedhe, v. ; anydha, annydha, w. ; ahanes, 
K. ; dyworthe, dhyworthe, w ; dhort igilez, gilez, 
worthys, p. ; worte, orte, rugthe, w. 

IN THEM. Ynny p. ; ynne (y«-»y). ythens, ettans, 
w. ; ettanz, b. 

OF THEM. Anedhe. unethe, annethe, anydha, anny- 
dha, w. ; anythy, p. ; anoihans, w. ; dothans, p. ; 
dhodhans, b. ; thothans, doth a, dotho, aga, p. 

TO THEM. Thethe, th^th. thothans, p. ; thy, dy, 
N. ; onethy, p. ; theygh, thyugh, k. ; dedhe, dhede, 
w. ; dethe, N. ; dotho, dotha, daga, p. ; dodhans, 
dhodhans. dodhyns, dothyns, w. ; dhedhynz, b. ; 
dothans, p. ; worte, orte, w. ; a wottense, ys, b. 

TJPOi^ THEM. Warnethe, waraogh, n. ; worte, ort6, 

WITH THEM. Genaf, gynef, gyn^s, genogh, w. ; 
ganse, b. ; gansse, n. ; gansy, w. ; gansy, c.w. 
1452 J gensyns, w. ; genzynz, b. 

THEMSELVES. Thewna, b. 

THEN, adv, Asso, w. ; ages, p. ; ena, enna. henna, 
eno, ene, b. ; nena, nenna, w.; iima. enurma, theis, 
theys. p. ; bys pan, b. ; ytho, w. Ytho tky^nny yth 
Juvel, then to us it appears, b.b. 1489. 

THENCE, adv, Alena, w. ; alene, n. ; anydha. 
annydha, anedhe, w. 

FROM THENCE. Nena, nenna, tythy, b. 

THERE, adv, Ena, w. Ena in dour, there in the 
water, r.d. 2196 ; eno, w. Eno ny a^n recevas, there 
we received them, r.b. 2339; enna, w. ; honna, 
hodda, B. ; unna, 3ma, na, lena, w. ; agei, gei, ge, 
ewe, dy, theys, theis, p. 

THERE or HE HE, D^v, d^f. Indifferently to sig- 
nify, both. DSv tek a bren, here's a fair tree, or 
there's, &c., p. 

THERE IS. Yma, ema, w. 

THEREABOUT, adv, Tro, dro, w. 

THEREFORE, adv, RAg henna, w. ; righenna, ragh- 
hemma, p. ; rig honna, w. ; rig hedna, c.w. 2498. 

THEREIN, adv. Ena, enna, eno, w. ; ettanz, b. 

THEREOF, adv. Anodho, an nethe, nethe, p. 

THEREON, adv, Worte, orte, w. 

THEREWITH, adv, Gans henna, w. 

THERbWITHAL, adv, Gans henna, m. 227. 

THESE, pron, Remma (r^-ma), reme, w. ; renna li, 
aure, ma, p. Gerryoto ma, these words, p. 

THEY, pron. Y, i, hy. hoi. w. ; eye, gi, ge, p. ; gy, 
dzhei, dzhyi, w. ; gzhyi, aga, ylly, p. ; dous, B. ; 'e, 
'b, n. 

THEY BOTH. Aga'ieyw, p. 

THICK, adj. Tew, b. ; ten, p. ; braz, liaz, b. 

THICKEN, V. Tewraga, w. 

THICKET, 8. Browse, brass, d. 
THICKNESS. *. Tewder, w. ; tender, p. 
THICKHEAD, a. (Stupid fellow). Pen pyst, p. 
THICKHEADED, adj. Zawkin, zawkemin, d. 

THIEF, *. Lader, w. ; ladar, p. ; ferhiat, w. ; forrior, 

THIEVES, a. Ladron, laddron, w. ; ladhron, ladran, 

laddarn, p. 

THIGH, ». Mordoit, mordhos, morras, morraz, w. ; 
morbots (? morboit), p. ; clenniaw, b. ; worthas, p. 

THIGHS, *. Worthosow, maurago, b. 

THIMBLE, 8, Besgan, biscan, w. ; nam, i>. 

THIMBLEFUL, b, Numful, w.p.p. 

THIN, adj, Tanow, tanaw, w. ; tanau, p. ; tranythes, 
grisill, B.^ main, moin, moyn, mon, w. 

THIN AND POOR. (As of silk, stuffs, &c.) Scoy.B. 

THIN, WAN, HOLLOW-EYED. Thirl, thurl, d. 

THINNESS, *. Tanauder, p. 

THINE, pron. De, dhe, te, ty, ta, w. ; tea, da. tha, 
p. ; do, dho, dy, dhy. w. ; yth, p. ; ath, w. ; tiium, 
p. ; th^th. C.W. 935. 

THING, 8, Tra, dra, w. Orth an dra-ma the wnUhyl, 
to do respecting this thing, p c. 1433 {PI, Traow, 
trehys, w.) ; p^th, peyth, pyth, w. An pyth a thm 
yn dywethf the thing will come at last, cm. 936 {PL 
Pethow, w.); tacel, w. ; takel, p. 


THINGS AGREEING. Blegadou, b. 

taclow, o.M. 966 ; dacklow, c.w. 765. Yntrathonf 
taclow pryv6j between ourselves, things privately, 
o.H. 936. 

THINK, V. Tibias, w. ; tibiaz. p. ; tebyas, w. ; teb- 
yaz, p. ; tybias, tybyas, tybye, w. 

HE WILL THINK. Dtp, dyp. Mutations of ^ 
and typy 3 pers. s. fut. of tibiaa and tybyi, to think, 

TO THINK OF, TO CONSIDER, t;. Prudery, pre- 
dyry, prydyry, prydery, w. ; predeii, pridiri, p. 

TO THINK, TO ^ONJECIURE, v. Kridzhi. See 

TO THINK, TO SUPPOSE, v. Sypposia, b.; syb- 

bosia, p. ; sybottia, b. 
THINKING, «. Tybyans, r.d. 1213. Thu'm tybyms 

whUh ef ny giys, to my thinking he does not yet 

believe, R D. 1213. 
THINNESS, 8. Tanowder, tanauder, w. 
THIRD, adj. Tressa, w. ; trissa, p. ; tijssa, c.w. 54 ; 

trysa, p. ; trysse, tresse, w. ; trisse, tredha, p. ; 

tredzha, tridzha, tridga, tryge, trege, w. ; pregna (?), 

Digitized by 





THE THIRD DAY HENCE. Gudreva, b. ; gydreva, 

THIRST, «. Sichor, b. ; seches, w. ; segh^s, p. ; sehas, 
zehas, zehaz, zahas, w. ; zahaz, b. 

THIRST, TO BE THIRSTY, v. 'Seche, sycM, sychy, 
sihy, sella, zeha, w. ; sehy, dho sehy, p. 

THIRSTY, adj, Sechys, eychys, sehys, zehys, sihys, 
w. J clem, D. 

THIRTEEN, adj\ Tredhec, tredhek. trethek, p. ; tre- 
thak, B. ; tardhak, N. ; tardhac, tairdhac, tairdhak, 
p. ; torthack, b. 

THIRTEENTH, adf. Par degvas, p. 

THIRTY, adf. D^gwarnygans, w. ; deagwamygans, 
c.w. 2265 ; deakwarnegans, c.w. 1977 ; d£k wamu- 
gens, d^k wamugans, v. ; d^g war iganz, d^g uar 
igans, p. Lit. Ten upon twenty. 

THIRTY-TWO, adj\ Dewthack warnygans, c.w. 
1981 ; dewthack wamngans, c.w. 1984. 

THIS, adj\ pron, Hemma, w. ; hem, p. ; hebma, 
homma, w. ; omma, ymma, uppa, b. ; henna, hena, 
hona, p. ; hen, hon, w. ; then, me, ma, b. Din ma^ 
this man, b. ; elf, by, p. Bf/ehyth, this night, p. 

THIS HERE. Hemma, homma, w. ; hem, p. 

THIS ONE. Homma, w. 

AND THIS, Hawa, p. 

FOR THIS. Mgta, p. 

OF THIS. H'y, p. 

TO THIS. Thyso, p. ; d^n, m. 2619. DSn dSnma, to 
this man, m. 2619. 

THIS PLACE. Lemma, w. 

FKOM THIS PLACE. A lemma, w. 

TO THIS PLACE. Dhybba, p. 

THISTLE, 8. Askellen, askallan, b. ; ascallen, w. 
PI Ascall, w. 

THITHER, adv, Dy, m. 58. -ffSww^y pans ov tnap dy^ 
go thou with my son thither, m. 58. 

THOMAS, ft. Tummy, Tubmy, Tubby, w. 

THONG, ». Cr^n, w. ; croon, krehen, p. Ph Cronow, 
p. ; cronou, b. 

THORN BACK, ». (A fish). Carcath, karcath, b. 
See RAY. 

THORN, 8, (A thorn bush). Speman, draenen, w. ; 
irachen, b. ; drane, p. ; drize, p. (P/. of speman, 
spem, w, ; speam, c.w. 974). 


A BLACK THORN. Speman diu, w. 

A WHITE THORN. Frith, p. 

A CROWN OF THORNS. Curen spem, m. 2994. 

THORN or PRICKLE, s. Draen, drain, dr^, w. 

draen), w. ; dryn, m. 2995 ; dreyn, w. 

THORN-BACK, s, (A kind of crab). Crabalorgin, 
n. See CRAB. 

THORNY, adj, (.^bounding in thoms). Drenic, w. 

THOSE, pran, Suel, sM, rena {re-na), ryna, w. ; 
hanes, b. ; aure, (? anre), p. 

THOSE THERE. Yn re-na, w. 

THOU, pren. Te, ti, ty, w. ; thu, p. ; ta, di, w ; 'd, 
*th, ge (y soft), gy (^soft), p. ; sy, w. ; h^, p. MSi 
sogy goky, thou art a fool, p. ; 's, oiz, p. Ti oiz auge^ 
lez, thou seest, P. ; chee (erroneusiy for ge), b. See 
also THEE. 

THOU ALSO. Tithe, w. 

AND THOU. Ha'n, p.' 

THOUGH. Asso, b^s, bys, c^n, k^n, w. ; keen, p. ; 
cyn, k}n, g^n, ce, cy, w. Kynthoma ogas marowe, 
though I am nearly dead, c.w. 16^0. £yn toreUo 
s6n, though he should make a noise, b.d. 2016. 
£en fe terrys, though it be broken, p.c. 354. 

THOUGHT, s. Preder, pryder, w. ; pridar, p. ; bre- 
dor, tibians, tybians, tybyans, w. ; tibianz, p. 

THOUGHTS, s. Cowgegyow, m. 149. 

THOUGHT, part, Prederys, pryderys, brederys, w. ; 
podeeres, a corruption of prederys, from predery, to 
think of, w. 

THEY THOUGHT. Thugsyons, b. 

TO BE THOUGHTFUL. Predery, predyry, prydery, 
prydyry, w. ; prederi, pridiri, p. 

THOUGHTFUL, adj. Prederys, priderys, pryderys, 
brederys, w. ; brederez, p. 

THOUSAND. Mil, vil, myl, vyl, w.; myeU, c.w. 
1562. D^k can, v., but this is lit. ten hundred. 

THOUSANDS. Miliow, milliow, millyow, w. ; myll, 



A THOUSAND TIMES. Milgweth, w. ; mUgu^th, 
p. ; milw^th, milwyth, w. 

THREAD or FILAMENT, *. Hurle, n. 

THREAD, YARN, *. Noden, w. ; linyn, b. ; linin, p. 

THREE. Try, teir, w. ; t^r, p. ; teyr, tair, w. ; 
tayr, c.w. I92i; dayer, c.w. 2087; thyr, o.m. 1732; 
tyyc, tir, tyr, dyr, tres, w. (tresse, b. ?) ; trei, tre, 
tri, dri, w. 

THREE-FOOTED, adj. Tribedh, trebath, w. 

THREE-HUNDRED. Trei cans, tryhans, trihans, 
trehans, w. ; trey bans, tri cans, k. ; treykanz, p. ; 
trychans, b. 

THREE MEN. Tredden, w. 

THREE-PRONGED, adj. Trivorh, w. 

' A THREE-PRONGED FORK, adj. Forh trivorh, w. 

Digitized by 





THREE SCORE. Tri-ugans, w. ; tryngens, p. (? try- 

THREE TIMES. Teirgu^th. p. ; teirgw^th, terg- 

weyth, terguyth, tergueyth, w. ; ter-gwyth, p.c. 


THREATEN, v. Dho thew, b. 

THRESH, V. Fusta, fysta, w. ; guesga, b. 

THRESHER, a. Drusher, b. ; drasher, d. 

THRESHOLD, a. TrusA, truzu, portal, porth, w. ; 
pertal, b. ; dreckstool, Polwhele ; draxel, drexel, d. 

daras, w. ; truzii an daraz, b. ; truzuandaraz, p. 

THRICE. Teirgu^th, p. ; teigwfeth, tergweyth, ter- 
gueyth, terguyth, w. ; ter-gwyth, p.c. H7. 

THRIVE, r. Sowene. w. ; soweny, m. 3336. Byth 
tiy yllyn soweny, never can we thrive, m. 3836 ; sow- 
yny, sowyn, p. ; sowynne, w. 

THROAT or GULLET, ». Brangian, briangen, bran- 
dzhian, w. ; brandzian, b. ; bryangen, p. ; bryongen, 
vryongen, briansen, w. ; brianten, brandzhia. bran- 
zia, p. ; bran gain {g soft). In the Cornish dialect it 
is called the clunker. See SWALLOW, «. 

THROATS, ». Briansen, b. ; vreonsen, m. 1651. Me 
a dregh y vreonsen, 1 will cut their throats, M. 1651. 

THROAT, a. (Or mouth of anything). C% b. 

THRONE, 8, Tron, dron, w. ; trone, c.w. 201 ; drone, 
c.w. 212. Due genen ny quyc the trdn, come with us 
quick to the throne, o.m. 2378. Ha goryn efyny drdn, 
and put him in his throne, o.m. 2372 ; soler, b. 

THROTTLE, v. Taga, w. ; tagou, b. 

THROUGH. Tre, of which the mutation is dre, w. 
Kentrow dre ow thrys^ nails through my feet, B.D. 
25>^7 ; tur, c.w. 2280 ; der, dyr, drfes, dreys, n. 
Dreya dour tyher, through the river Tyber, r.d. 2214 ; 
trui, B. ; troh, o.m. 342. Fydyuyugh troh an darras, 
haste through the door, o m. 349 ; trohan, p. Tro- 
han daras. through the door, p. (this is only troh and 
an, joined, irohan, is therefore ** through the ") ; tar- 
dha, w. Dho gtoana tardha, to bore through, w. 

THROUGH or BY. Drydh, dredh, w. ; drethe, b. ; 
re, w. Rey is used only in imprection, as re Bew^ 
through God, w. ; gan, gen, genz, p. ; rib, b. 

THROUGH or BY HER, Dredhy, drydhy, w. ; dry- 
dhi, B. 

THROUGH or BY HIM, or IT. Dredho, w. 

THROUGH or BY ME. Dredhof, w. 

THROUGH or BY THEE. Dredhos, w. 

THROUGH or BY THEM. Dredh^, w. 

THROUGH THY. Dred ha, b. 

THROUGH or BY US. Dredhon, w. 

THROUGH or BY YOU. Dredhouch, w. 

THROW, a. (A throw). Toul, teul, tewl, w. 


obsolete name of a kind of throw or fall in Coniish 

THROW, t?. Tewlel, w. ; teulel, tiulel, p. ; tynlel, 

B, ; ty wlel, w. ; teuly, towlal, p. ; towla, toula, dow- 

la, w. ; doulla, p. 
YE THREW. Dewlseuch, a mutation of Uwlteueh^ 2 

pers. pi. pret. of tewly, to throw, w. 
HE WILL THROW. I. Tewl, 3 pers. s. fut. <i 

tewlel, to throw, w. 

2. Tevyl, a form of tewl, 3 pers. s. fut. of teM, 
to throw, w. 
TO THROW DOWN, v, Desevy, w. 

doulla a doar, p. 
TO THROW or CAST AWAY. Redeuly, p. 
TO THROW OFF, r. Dyscy, w. ; thyflra, p. 

ommely, umhely, w. 
TO THROW ONE'S SELF. Ymwhel^s, w. 
TO THROW OUT. Toula, toleugha, p. 

from hen, old, p. 
THRUST, J. (Or stab). Gwln, w. 
THRUST, V, Pechye, bechye, herdhya, herdhye, w.; 

herthy, p. ; restye, gWane, w. 
THRUST or PUSH, t^. Pokkia, b. 
TO THRUST WITH FORCE. Dho toula en, p. 
TO THRUST OUT or PROJECT, v. Herdys, p. 
THUMB, *. B^s, p.; bes bris, w. ; pen-brAz, b. 

This also means the great-toe. 
THUMP or BANG, v. Cronkye, p. ; croncy6, groncy^, 

w. ; cronkya, p. 
THUMP or BLOW, ». Bynk. banc, w. ; bank, p.; 

turn mas, w. ; stuan, b. ; colp, coot, poot, d. See 

BLOW for other words. 
THUNDER, «. Taran, tredna, w. ; trenna, b. 
A THUNDER CLAP. Cr4k taran, lun. 294. 

golowas, w. 
THUNDER, V. Tredna, trenna, p. 
THUNDER-BOLT, s, Ergyd twrwf, b. 
THURSDAY, ». D6 Jeu, Duyow, Du Yow, D*yow, 

w. ; Deth yov, m, 1472. Lit Jove's day. 
THUS, adv. Andella, yn della, w. ; an della, anddlan, 

andellana, della, del, p. ; delma, cetelma, ketdma, w. 
THUS FAR. Bet an urma, w. 
THWART. Adriis, tr^s, w. 

Digitized byVnOOQlC 




THWART, V, Omdhal, p. 

THY, pron. De, dhe, w. ; te, the, b. ; da, dha, w. ; 
ta, tha, B. ; dy, dhy, w. ; ty, thy, b. ; do, dho, w. ; 
thum. p. ; th^th, c.w. 955. 

AND THY. Hath, p. 

FROM THY. Ath, a'th, w. 

IN THY. Yt. To be read y'th (y-a/A), w. ; y'th, b. 
Y^ih servis, in thy service, b. 

OF THY. Ad, a'd. a'th, w. 

TO THY. D^th, dh'^th, w. 

THYME, X. Tim, b. The Cornish still call it time. 

THYSELF, pron. Ta honan, da ynan, w. 

TICK-TACK, (tf.y., a clock). Tys-ha-tas, w. JSia 
knoukyi prest tys-ha-tas, and strike always tick and 
tack, P.O. 2077. 

TICKLE, t^. Geyleisio, b. ; thythan^, p. 

TIDE, «. (Of the sea). Frot, fr6s. An fr6s, the 
tide, 7. ; frou, lenol. Lenol tndr, the tide of the 
sea, B. ; m6rlenol, p. ; thi1g« b. ; trig ha trig, Hg 
ha thrig, drtg, p. 

TIE, V. Celmy, kelmy, cylmy, kylmy, gylmy, 
colmye, eren, b. 

TIE, s. Colm, colmen, golmen, w. 

TIE or BAND.*. Ere, b. 

TIE or KNOT. s. Liam, b. 

TIGHT, adj. Tfen, tyn, dyn, w. 

TILE or SLATE. «. Lehan, w. 

TILER, 8. Tyor, w. PL Tyorryon. o.m. 2511. 

TILL, V. Oonedhy, w. ; gonethy, p. ; gones, gonys, 
conys, wonys, aras, w. 

TILL. Bys, w. Bt/s dS/h fyn^ till the last day, p.c. 
724 ; ema, w. See UNTIL. 

TILL WHEN. Trehe, trybo, w. j trehe, try, b. 

TILLAGE, s. Trevas, drevas, w. Adam a 61 ihe 
drevae^ Adam, of all thy tillage, o.m. 425. 

TILLED GROUND. Drevas, b. 

TIMBER. 9. (A wood or forest). Coid, koid. coyd, 
coit, w. , koit, B. ; coed, coet, w. ; coat, p. ; koat, 
B. ; cnid, cuit, w. ; cAs, kAz, p. ; cuz, cos, coys, w. ; 
gyth, gnydh, govyth, goda, gdd, goed, giiz, giis, 
gos, gosse, wyth, p. 

TIMBER, 9. (As wood for building, &c.) Pren, 
predn, w. ; prin, pridn, bren, p. 

TIME, 9, Amser. Also corruptly written ansefj w. 

TIME, 9. (A course or turn of time). Gw^th, w. 
Mklgtoith, a thousand times, w. ; gwejrth, gwyth, 
V- ; g^yth, B. ; queth, quyth, w. Dik can quyth 
thy*s lowene, ten hundred times joy to thee, p.c. 
574 ; w^th, w. 3illwith, a thousand times, w. ; 
u^th, v^th, B. ; blek, p. Mil hUk, a thousand 
times, P. 

TIME, HOUR, SEASON, «. Prte, prftz. preys, w. ; 
pris, p. ; prys, w. A whytkri wamas vn pry$, to 
look on thee (for) a time, o.m. 1414 ; prey, m. 1400 ; 
prit, pols, termen. termvn, w. ; tyrm3m, o.m. 45. 
-Rcty y whyntyth an tyrmyn, for the time shall arrive, 
o.m. 45 ; dermyn, w. A-vorow devy a dsrmyn, to- 
morrow come in time, o.m. 2843 ; tervyn (?), w, 
(buys, tiz, n. See AGE) ; tranc, trank, w. ITdy a 
gUl trank hep worfen^ and will time without end, 
PC. 1562. 

TIME or OCCASION, «. Treveth, trefeth, w. 

TIME, 9, Tuch. Na cous un yer tueh vyth, nor say 
one word at any time, p. Pryce says " perhaps from 
hence comes that expression, to keep touch with 

A LONG TIME. Hirenath, byrenath. pellear, (pell- 
ear, an hour), w. ; s6l. p. 861 a hreys, long since, 
p. ; sella thyth, b.i>. 2380. 

A SHORT TIMK Tecen, token, pryw^th, pryg- 
wyth, w. 

AT ANY TIME. Bysgwfeth, bythfeth, vyth^th, besga, 
w. ; nevra, nefPre, p. 

AT THAT TIME. Ena, enna, eno, w. 

THIS TIME. Torma, w. 

AT THIS TIME. Breman, eniirma {en Hr ma, in 
this hour), w. 

TO THIS TIME. Bet an lirma, w. 

AT ALL TIMES. Pup prys, pup preys, pyprys, 
beppres, w. ; bepprez, p. 

IN GOOD TIME. In prey-tha, m, 1410. 

TIMID, adj, Ownec, ownek, w. ; ounek, p. 

TIN, *. Stean, st^n, w. 

TIN-PIT. s, Pol-stean, n. 

TINTAGEL. 9. (The old Cornish castle). Tyndag- 
yel, M. 2211. 

TIN SLAG or SLAG TIN, ». Pillion, n. This is 
the tin which remains in the slag after the first 
melting, to be separated by re-melting. 

VERY FINE TIN STUFF. Floran, d. The same 
in a state of slime is called loob or looh9y b. 


A LIVING STREAM OF TIN. Beuheyl, beuheyle, 
p. It means a rich layer of alluvial tin ore. 

hennaways, p. 

WOOD TIN. Costean. Tin ore is so called from its 
being like wood in appearance. 

TINKER. 9. Gueiduur-cober, b. 

TINNER, 5. St^nor, st^ner, stynnar. PI. Stenn- 
erion, b. ; spaliard, spadiard, spallier, d. 

Digitized by 





TIN-WORK or STREAM WORK, ». Hw^l st^n. 
hw^l stean, w. ; huel stean, p. For other fonns of 
hiffSl, see WORK, ». 

OLD TIN WORKS. Towle Sarazin, d. 

TIN MINES, 8, Moina stean. p. 

TIN STUFF, a. (When very fine or in powder). 
Floran, l. 

TINY, adf. Greurgh, m. 1776; gruegh, m. 1692. 
Orth fiehys gt uegh ha hyen, towards children tiny and 
little, M. 1692. 

TIPPLER, *. Harfel, p. 

TIPSY, adj. VriU, tadly-oodly, d. 

TIRE, TO BE TIRED, v. Tefigia, tevigia, tefighia* 
B. ; fethe, fethy, squythe, scuythe, dho skuythi» 
w. ; skuattya, b. Sktiattya in Cornish ip just the 
same as *' to be knocked up,** ue., to be fatigued, in 

TIRED, WEARIKD, fl<^'. Squyth, scith, w. ; skith, 
p. ; sketh, scuiz, b. ; louggy, d. 

'TIS BUT. Nyn gew, b. 

'TIS NOT. Nyn gew, b. 

TITHE, TO GIVE TITHE, t^. Degevy, w. 

TITHE or TENTH PART, «. Dege, dhege, w. ; 
thege« O.K. 446 ; deka, p. ; dega, c.w. 1067 ; degvas, 
c.w. 1086. 

TITMOUSE, a. Tscecce, w. ; tskekke'r eithin, i.e., 
furze chatterer, p. ; ekky-mowl, ekky-mal, kek-mal, 
hick-mal, n. 

Tittle-tattle, ». Tetyvaiy, w. 

TO. De, dhe, do, dho, da, dha, w. ; the, tha, tur, thy, 
tho, p. ; a, yn, w. ; y. Y aedka, to sit, b. ; u, p. ; 
war, B ; war. War thu, to God, k. ; uorh, b. ; orth, 
w. ; north, worth, p. Worth an trey tor y to the traitor, 
P.O. 1449 ; wos, b. ; sen, sin, zen, p. ; chever, b. 

TOAD, «. Cronec du, cranag din, w. ; kranag din, b. 
Lit. A black fiog. Also simply thus : — cronec, cro- 
nek, w. ; kronek, b. ; croinoc, w. ^^ee also FROG. 

TO-DAY, 9. Yndzedh, p. ; hitheu, hythew, n. Na 
may cow thy*m hythew, no more talk to me to-day, 
B.D. 1940. 

TOAST, V. Rostia, w. 

TOE, ». (The toe). Bis-truit, w. ; bistmit, p. Lit. 
The foot finger. These wonls are used for the great 
toe, which Pr\ce calls pen-brdz, which also means 
the thumb. A toe, p^z, p. ; b^z, b. PI. Byzias, 
boscias. b. These words also mean finger and fingers. 
Borlase gives ** boadM-trm, the toes.** 

TOE-NAIL, #. Ewin, euin, w. Also used for a finger 

TOFFY, s. Clidgy, locus, d. 

TOGETHER. Warbarth, w. ; uarbarth, p. ; warbarh, 
w. ; warparth, b.d 2308 ; ynten, b. 

TOIL, », Lafur, lafyr, lavur, lavirians, w* 

TOIL, V, Lafnrye, laviria, w. ; laferrya, b. 

TOKEN, 8. Tavas, w. ; thavas, p. ; thavaz, b. ; nod, 
nos, n6z, w, ; peynye, pocnis, b. 

TOLD, part, (Said, spoken). Cowsys, cawsys, cew- 
sys w, ; cawses, p. 

TOMB, ». See GRAVE. 

TOM-CAT, ». Gurcath, w. ; kurkath, b. ; lawen cath. 
If. 3413. Me a off r en lawen cath, 1 will offer a torn* 
cat, M. 3413. 

TO-MORROW, *. Avorow, w. ; a-vorow, m. 2843; 
avorou, p. ; yvuru, b. Deny avar avorow, come eaily 
to-morrow, p.c. 3240. A-vorow devya dermyn, to- 
morrow come in time, p.c. 2843. 

TOMTIT, *. Pedn paly, w. Lit. Velvet-head. This 
n^me is still used in Cornwall. Also, Elecompanie, 
prid-prad, pridn-prall, n. 

TONGS, 8. Gevel, p. 

TONGUE, TALK, PRATING, s. Clap, p. A word 
still used. 

TONGUE or LANGUAGE, ». Tavas, w. ; tavaz,p.; 
tavaseth, w. ; tavazeth, p. ; laveryans, w. ; lavery- 
anz. p. 

TONGUE, 8. (The tongue). Tavot, w. ; taves, o.m. 
767. Ny yl tavea din yn by 8, the tongue of no man 
in the world can, o.m. 767 ; davas, w. TrUre y thy- 
118 ha^y davai, between his teeth and his tongue, o.k. 

TO-NIGHT, 8. Han^th. an^th, w. 

TOO, adv. (Also). AuMh, awMh, aweeth, awy^tha, 

TOO, adv. Re, w. Re gdt, too short. Re hyr, too 

TOO MUCH. Re, w. Thotho byny vye re, for him 
never would it be too much, b.d. 2056 ; prys, p. 

TOOL, 8. Tacel, w. ; takel, p. ; towyll, dowyll, b. 

TOOTH, 8. Dans, w. ; danz, p. ; deins, dan, b. ; dant, 
w. PL Dins, dyns. dhyns, w. ; thyns, o.m. 826 ; 
deinz, r. 

TOOTHACHE, ». Dtes-cl&v, w. ; denz clAv, p. 

TOOTHED, adj. D^nshoc, w. 

TOP or SUMMIT, *. Gwartha, w. ; guartha, o.ic 
1074. Guartha a^n gorhyl gane quith, the top of the 
ark with a cloth, o.m. 1074 ; gwarthav, p. ; guarthav, 
gwarth^, B. ; gwarhas, guarhas, w. ; guarhaz, gar- 
has garras, p. ; tal, w. 2dl an chy, the top of the 
house, w. ; coppa, b. ; c6p. w. JSeyl eyr epeeop . . . 
e808 y*th c6p owth yeethi, Hail Sir Bi^op ! thou art on 
thy summit, sitting, p.c. 931 ; bar, b. Bar anpedm^ 
the top of the head, b. ; top, thop, w. ; veen, oJf. 
2444. -SaV veen mdn ha^y ecorennow, out of its 
slender top and its branches, o.m. 2444. 

Digitized by 





TOP OF THE HEAD. Bar an pedn, w. ; dipuleuint, 

p. ; dysuleuuit, b. 
TOP OF A PLANT. Blynthen, p. 
TORCH, #. Torchan, w. 

TORMENT, V. Dreynyn, a mutation of treyneyn^ 1 
pers. pi. fat. of treynyi, to render miserable, w. ; 
ranny, peyne, peynye, w. ; peyny, dormont, b. ; spei- 
tia, dho speitiai p. 

TORMENT, t. Peyn, poan, poen, pyn, w. ; cAs, gis, 
p. ; kfen, p.c. 2144. 

TO BE TORN, v. Squardye, squerdye, w. ; equerdya, 

TORPOR, B. Vindrau, b. ; uindran, p, 

TORRENT, 9. Cahenryd, chahen rit, w. ; kahen-ryd, 
b. ; aoan, p. 

TORRID, VERY HOT, adj. Poesgys, p. 

TORRID HEAT. Poesgys, p. 

TORTOISE, «. Melwioges, w. 


TORTURE, X. Peyn. poan, pyn, w ; c&s, gis, p. ; kte, 
p.c. 2 1 44. Ymwyth lemman rdg an kSn, preserve thy- 
self now from the tortnre, p.c. 2144. 

Caunis, i>. 

TOTTER, p. Thysplevya, thysplevyas, p. 

TOUCH, V, Delymmy, w. ; delymhy, p. ; dochy^, b. 

I TOUCH. Hyndlyf, b.d. 1531. £r na hyndlyf y 
yolon, until I touch (lay hand on) his heart, m.D. 

TOWARDS. Traha, w. Traha'n ddr, towards the 
ground. Traha*n darras, towards the door, 
trocha, troha, w. Iroha kSn pmo, towards another 
country, o.m. 344 ; trogha, b. Trogha^n ddr, towards 
the ground, cm. 201 ; trog, tiha, tyha, b. JFar 
tyha tre, towards home, b. ; tuhe, tuag, tyag, dyag, w. 

TOWEL, 8. Lien duilof, lysten, w. ; stoUowfet, 
mantel, b. ; hynelep, p. 

TOWER. «. Tdr, tour, turma, w. ; dour, m. 1394. 
ThSth douTy to thy tower, m. 1394 ; turmas, kastel, 
B. ; lug. Origins Ce/tiea. Guest, vol. 1. pp. 358, 
360, note. 

TOWERING, adf, Uchel, uhel, huhel, w.; ughel, 
yuhal, B. 

TOWN, #. Tre, dre, dra, p.; tr^v. trew, b. FL 
Trevow, k. 7W, says Pryce, ** is the most common 
word prefixed to our names of places, and I helieve 
is an original British word, it signifies the same 
thing in Wales, Cornwall, and Armorica." It is 
also a very common prefix to family names. There 
ia the weU known rhyme : — 

" Bj Tre Pol, and Pen 
Tou sludl know the Comiihinen.'* 

Camden (*' Remains," p. 114) gives us another 
rhyme, viz: — 

" By Tre, Roe, PoL Lwi, C»er, and Pen 
xon may know the most Comiehmen." 

A FORTIFIED TOWN. Dinas, w. ; dinaz, p. 

THIS TOWN. Tremma, dremma, w. 

TOWN-HALL, $. Odians, b. 

TOWNSMAN, 8. Centrevec, centrevek, contrevac, w. 

TRACE or MARK, ». 01, ool, w. 

TRACE or YESTIGE, «. Lerch, lyrch, w. 

TRADER, 8. Gwicur, gwiccur, gwiccor, gwecor, wecor, 
gwicgur, guiogur, w. ; gwicher, p. ; guikyr, b. ; 
goccor, w. ; guyeor, p.c. 321. FL Guycoryon (of 
guyoor\ p.c. 321. Why guycoryon eugh yn met, ye 
traders, go out, p.c. 821. 

TRAGEDY, ». Awayl, w. An awdyUma taveth by8, 
this tragedy much talked of, p.c. 551. In his 
Addenda, Williams (Lex. Corn, BriL) says that the 
proper meaning of awayl, is gospel. 

TRAIN-OIL, 8, Seym, w. ; saim, b. Kopar ha 
aeym py lyyt kaal, like train-oil or saltmarsh mud, 
CM. 2708. 

TRAITOR, «• Thraytor, traytoar, b.; thrayta, 
trayta, p. 

TRANQUILITY, «. Callamingi, w. ; kallaminghi, 
B. ; kallamingi, p. ; cr^s, creys, w. ; creez, p« ; hMh, 
hedwch, cesoleth, kesoleth, cysolath, w. ; kysalath, 
p. , cyzaleth, w. ; kysoleth, p. 


TRANSGRESS, v, Pecha, peche, pehe, w. ; peghy, 
p. ; becha, bech^, tremens, dremene, w. For other 
forms see SIN, v, 


TRANSGRESSOR, t. Pechadur, pehadur, w. ; pec- 
hadyr, p. 

sinner," under SINNER. 

TRANSMARINE, adf\ Trem6r, w. 

TRANSVERSE, adj. Adnis, triis, w. 

TRASH, 8. Truck, b. A form of trde, or dr6k, evil, 

TRAVAILS, 8, (In chUdbirth). Golovas, p. 

TRAVEL, v. Travalia, p. 

TRAVERSE, v, Tremenes, dremenes, w. 

TREACHEROUS, adj. Fals, fouls, w. 

TREACHERY, 8. Tretury, b. 

TREASON, 8. Dreyson, b. 

TREASURY, t. Arohow, w. ; arghou, p. ; arghov, 
p.c 1541. 

TREAT, V. Dychy^, dhychy6, dychythye, dygthye, 
dygty^, dhygty6, w. ; dyghty, thyghtye, p. 

Digitized by 





TREE, s. Gwedhen, gwidhen, guiden, gwydhen, w. ; 
guydhen, b. ; guedhan, p. ; gwethan, c.w. 372 ; 
guethen, v. ; grethen, o m. 29; guetha, b. ; wedhen, 
wethen, o.m. 167. I^ut a^n wethen a sky ana, tbe 
fruit of the tree of knowledge, o.m. 167 ; withen, 
w. ; withan, wethan, wythan "wythen, p. ; weathan, 
c.w. 759 ; pren, bren, predn, b. Yw hynwys pren 
a skyens, which is named the tree of knowledge, 

TREES, $. Gnit, gwydh. w. ; gwyth, wyth, p.; 
gweydh, gwMh, w. ; gueidh, p. ; gu^ith, b. ; gveyth, 
O.M. 29 ; gueyth, v, 

TREMBLE, v. Crenne, w. ; krenne, p.c. 2995. Yma 
an dSr ow krennif the earth is trembling, p.c. 2995 ; 
krenna, p. ; crenna, krena, b. ; cema, kema, w. ; 
creuna, owerenc (? ow creni), tiene, tyene, vrama, 
thegtyn, p. Mfa thyaa a th^ytyn, Eve at thee will 
tremble, p, 

TREMBLING, a. Vrame. p. 

TRENCH, s, Cledh, klMh, glMh, w. ; kleudh, 
cleuth, clawd, b. ; fiSs, w. ; voze, voza, foza, fossa, 
p. ; pullan-troillia, w. Borlase gives puUan troilliaj 
for a narrow trench or furrow. Trone, vore, d. 

TRESPASS, «. Cam. PI Cammow, w. 

TRIAL, *. Cabel, p. Sep eabel, without a trial, p. 

TRIAL, 8, (At law). Bresul, brez, p. ; bdis, p.c. 
1984. Mep brUi itutti uinytha, without trial by a 
judge, p.c. 1984. 

TRIBE, «. (A tribe, a family, Proyenies vel tribus, 
Lat.) Ceid, leith, luyte, w. ; Iwyth, b. 

TRIBE, 8. (A people, a nation ; people, men). Tiis, 
tuz, tis, tiz, tez, diz, duz, b. 

TRIBE, 8. (Retinue, a guard, clients, dependents, 
servants, lads, boys, children). Cosgor, kosgar, w. 

TRIBE, 8, (Kind, sort). Echen, ehen, hechen, he- 
hen, w. ; ehin, p. 

TRICE. 8. Lam, o.m. 885. Bya thy^n vmma yn vn 
lam^ to us here, in a trice, o.m. 885. 

TRICK, 8. Cast, w. ; toul, p.c. 2920; pratt, c.w. 
518; bratt, c.w. 729 ; wrynch, w. BdJc ef a tvSr 
li/h C08t, for he knows many a trick, p.c. 1884. 
Hay a aawon lySs wrynch, and he knows many a trick, 
PC. 1001. 

TO TRICKLE DOWN. v. Devery, dyvery, dyvere, 
w. ; dylly, p. 

TRICKSTER, ». Kan-kayer, n. 

TKIDENT, «. Trivorh, b. 

TRIFLE, 8. Man, w. 

TRIFLING, adj\ Crothac, crothak, w. ; crothache, p. 

TRIFLING, 8, Flehysygow, o.m. 1868. Md rdy an 
flehy^yyow, and because of the trifling (childishness), 
cm 1868. 

TRIM. NEAT, ac^. Fein, feyn, b. 

TRINITY, THE TRINITY, ?. Trindas, an drindas, 
an drenses, trenses, trinsys, trynsys, trenges, an 
drenges, w. ; drindaz, drendzhez, drindzhaz, an 
drindzhiz, p. ; drinzis, drenzhes, drynsys, drengys, w. ; 
drendzer, b. 

TRIP, 8. Lam lithriad, w. ; clot-co£Pan, p. 

TRIP. V. Trebystshya, w. 

TRIPOD, 8. Tribddh, trebath, tribet, w. 

TRIVET, 8. The same as for Tripod, q,v. 

TROOP,*. Lhy, p. See MULTITUDE. Pryce calls 
it a company of horsemen. 

TROUBLE, 8. (Grief, misery, afliiction). Ancen, 
anken, w. Ny^n aparyaf awoa anken, 1 will not spare 
it because of trouble, p.c. 2556 ; dewon, w. ; dew- 
an, dewhan, duon, p. ; c4s, g&s, w. Yn eyip whyrfya 
cd8, in Egypt, trouble has arisen, cm. 1415; kis, 
p.c. 80. Hep atryf ha kda^ without strife or trouble, 
p.c. 30 ; tres, b. ; govid, w. {PL of &ovtd, govid- 
ion. govigion, govegioo, gividzion, w. ; govis, govys, 
p.) ; cheyson, r.d. 460. Hep yuthyl na may eheyaon, 
without suffering any more trouble, b.d. 460 ; an- 
censy, aokensy, ankynsy, ponvos, w. ; ponfos, p. ; 
ponvotter, ponvetor, w. Kymmye vyth an panveier, so 
great wiU be the trouble, p.c 2656 ; panvotter, pan- 
veter, p. ; ponf eys, m. 1 606- Ychyv 8W mur a pon- 
fey 8 J it is surely much of trouble, m. 1606. Prdy 
ymona y in ponfoe^ why are they in trouble? M. 
1986; fvneas, w. ; gene, p. ; grayth, b. ; anfus, h. 

TROUBLE, «. Dygnas, w. ; dreyny, p. 
TROUBLED, VEXED, adj, Ponfosyc, w.; ponfosick, 

ponfosyk, n. 
TROUGH, 8. Laouer, b. ; tie (a large one of wood), d. 

TROUT, *. Trud, w. ; dluzen (P/, Dluz), b. ; Truff, 

brythall, n. 
TROWKL, 8. Geuelhom, b. Lit. A work-iron. 
TRUCKS, SLEDGES, e. Slodys, w. ; slodyys, cm. 

TRUE, adj. Wyr, w. ; weare, c.w. 2134 ; gwyre, c.w. 

672 ; gwir, wir, gwyr, guir, w. ; guyr, w. ; defry, 

dheffry, deffry, devry, w. 
TRUE OF SPEECH. Guirion, guerryon, p. 

TRULY, ado, Weare, c.w. 2134; wyer, c.w. 2448; 

en wir, w. ; yn guyr, k. ; purguir, m. 179 ; preva, 

defry, dheffry, deffry, devry, w. 
TRUMPET, 8. Com, w. ; kom, b. {PI Cemow, ker- 

now) ; hirgom, w. Lit. A long horn; tollkom. b. ; 

this is also used of a flute or fife. Lit. A holed 

horn, from tol, a hole. Trompour, o m, 19^6. Trey 

han8 harpi* ha trompowre^ three hundred harps and 

trumpets, om. 1996. 
TRUMPETER, «. Cemiat, w. ; kemiat, kernias, b. ; 

cemias, chemiat, w. ; hirghemiad, b.; hirgemiad, 

bardh hirgom, w. ; barth hirgom, p. 

TRUNK or BUTT END, t. Bftn, w. 

Digitized by 





TKUNK or BOX, s. Trdc, tr6k, w. 

TRUNK OF A TREE, s. Stoc. w. ; boncyfp, trech, b. 

TRUST, f^, Fydhy^, w. ; fythy, tryst, dryst, p.; 
dristya, c.w, 1380. Me a dryst yn du avan, I trust 
in God above, c.w. 1380. 

TRUSTY, adj. Laian, len, w. ; luen, Iwn, b. ; yto, 
B.D. 363. Del ough tiU v4n, as ye are trusty men, 
K.D. 363. 

TRUST YE. Ratha {ran tha\ p. 

TRUST YE TO IT. Owh ratha, p. 

TRUTH, 9. Gwlr, wyr, vlr, w. ; guir, p. ; gwyr, w. ; 
guyr, B. ; guirder, p. ; gwtrder, w. ; guyrder, K. ; 
gwlrioneth, w. ; gulrioneth, b. ; gwyryoneth, wlr- 
ioneth, w. ; guyryoneth, v. ; guyroneth, o.m. 702 ; 
gwreanathe, c.w. 1892; glendury, lendury, fydh, 
ttdh, w. ; f&8, p. 

TRUTH, LOYALTY, t. Lautc, w. ; leut6, cm. 
2120 ; lewte, leaute,lout^, w. ; lause, lountee, p. 

IN TRUTH. In tts, enuir, p. ; yn wys, o.m. 1645. 
An tUs yv marow yn wys, the people who are dead 
in truth, cm. 1545 ; piir wyr, p. ; yn guyryoneth, 
PC. 595 ; yn guyrder, cm. 1 732. Tn guyrder an 
thyr guflen, in truth, the three rods, cm. 1 732 ; yn 
preva, w. ; nim laute, renlewty, riim lewt^, p. 

TO SAY THE TRUTH. A leverel guyroneth, cm. 

BY MY TRUTH. Rum lewt6. rum laute, p. ; ru'm 
leute, cm. 2124 ; renlewty, p. 

TRUTH-TELLING, adj, (Verax, lai.) Gwirion, 
gwyryon, w. 

TRY or EXAMINE, v. Cably, w. Zathd dSn nag yw 
eablye, to kill a man who is not tried, p.c. 2434. 

TRY or MAKE TRIAL OF, v. Saye, p.c. 2308. 
Bdk the sat/S me a vyn, for I will try thee, p.c. 2308. 

TRY or PROVE, v. Provi, provy, preva, w. ; dho 
pr^f, p. 

TO TRY OUT A THING. Trebytehya, p. 

TUB. 8. Ceroin, keroin. w. ; kerrin, p. ; balliar, ton- 

nel. B. 
A LITTLE TUB. Kibbal, b. 
TUBE, e. Plb, w. 
A SMALL TUBE. Piban, peban, w. ; pibonoul, b. 

TUCKER or FULLER, ». Tricciar, trikkiar, tryceiar, 
w. ; trykkiar, trikkin, b, 

TUESDAY, «. Be Merh, w. ; Demer, b. Lit Mars' 

TUFT, 9. Cop, criban, w. ; kriban, b. 

Perhaps from pih a hillock. 

TUFTED, SPIKED, adj\ Tushoc, dushoc, w. 

TO TUMBLE DOWN, v. ThomeUy, r. 

TO TUMBLE DOWN or OFF. v. Unchelly, p. 

TUMULT. ». Godoryn, b. ; deray, theray, p.c. 380. 
Efre ruk mur a theray , he hath made much tumult, 
p.c. 380 ; randigal, b. Randigai is a word still used. 
See ROW and UPROAR. 

TUN, «. Balliar, ceroin, keroin, w. ; kerrin, p. ; ton- 

TUNE, ». Cans, kans, b. 

TUNE YE. Pebouch, b. 

TUNNEL, «. Radgel. d. 

TURBOT, 8. Brett, d. 

TURF, «. (A turf or sod). Cesan, w, ; kezan, p. ; 
tab, D. {PI. Cesow, kesow). 

A SMALL PIECE OF TURF. Pednan, tabbun, n. 

TURKEY, 8. (Cock or hen). Z4r, p. 

TURKEY-COCK, *. Kok Gini, p. 

TURN, 8. (A course or turn of time). See TIMR 

TURN, 8. (A winding, a turning). Tom, w. Tom 
an f>6r, the turning of the way, w. ; tro, w. (See 

TURN, 8. Tro, w. ; trettya, m. 1893. Moy8 a raf 
trettya, 1 will go in a turn, m. 1393. £/a wra thynny 
drok tro, he wiU do us an ill turn, p.c. 3066. 

enwith, p. 

TURN v. Treyle, treylye, w. ; treyl, b. ; trailia, tay- 
lye, w. ; trylya, b. ; troillia, w. ; traillia, b. Tramia 
an ber, to turn the spit, b. 

TURN, V. (Twist or spin). Nedh6, w, ; nethi, ned- 
ha, p. 

TO TURN BACK, v. Treyle, trailia, p. 

TO TURN ASIDE, v. Ommely, umhelys, w. 

TO TURN or PUT OUT, v. Asgor, p. 

TURNIP, 8, Ervinen, b. ; tumupan, tjmypan, p. 

TUR CLE, 8. Turen, turan, b. 

TURTLE-DOVE, «. Troet, turen, w. ; turan, p. 

TWEAK, V. Grock, d. 

TWELVE. Dowdhec. dowdhek, dewdhec, w. ; dou- 
thek, B. ; dowthack, dewthek, p. Dewthek mys, 
twelve months, p. 

TWELFTH. Dowdhegves, dowdhegvas, w. 

TWELFTH-DAY. EPIPHANY, t. Degl stM, degl- 
still, B. ; stiil, w. 

TWENTIETH. Igansves, igansvath, w. ; igans vath, 
iganzvath, iganz vis, p. 

TWENTY. Ugans, hugens, igans, w. ; iganz, nigans, 
B. ; ugens, v. 

TWENTY-ONE. Wonnen war iganz, p, ; onan war 
ugens, v. Lit, One upon twenty. 

Digitized by 





TWICE. Dew^th, dewyth, w. ; jdeuyth, dywyth, 
diu^th, dyweth, p. 

TWIG, ». Guaglen, b. ; prennyer, prenyer, p. 

A TWIG OF HEATH. Swike, d. 

TWIST, V. Nedhe, w. ; nethe, nedha, p. 

TWITCH, 8. JSquych, scwyth, skwych, w. ; skwyth, 

pyn, p. ; squitch, d. 

TWO. Dew, dhew, thew, w. ; deu, n. ; du, w. ; 
deaw, c.w. 1056 ; deau, dyw, diew, w. ; dieu, b. ; 
diw, dui, di, w. Bi in composition, as dibrih, the 
arms, t.«., the two arms. 

THE TWO or BOTH. An diew, an dieu, &c. 

TWO OF THEM. Deu anedho, p. 

TWO-FACED, JANUS-LIKE, adj. Jan- jansy, d. 

TWO SCORE. Dewugens, dew-ugens, w. ; deuigg- 
ans, dowgansy b. 


**This letter in Cornish has four sounds. 1. That of 
the Italian u, or English oo, as ^r, a man ; ^ur, a 
tower; which are also written in Cornish, ^our, 

2. That of M, in the English words, bum, turn, &c., 
as Cornish umtna, here ; unna, there. 

3. That of the Welsh u, which is the same as that of 
y, ia the English words hungry, sundry. Thus 
Cornish tUs (written in later times tees), a people ; 
rudh, crimson ; itgana {tgam), twenty. 

4. The diphthongal sound represented hy ew, in the 
English words, few, new. Thus Cornish pu, who ; 
Lu, God ; tu, 2l side ; which are also written in 
Cornish, pew. Dew, tew,^^ w. Lex, Com. Brit, 

UDDER, s. Tidi, w. ; tethan, b. 

UGLINESS, «. Hacter, c.w. 289. 

UGLY, adj, Hager, hagar, p. ; vthek {uthek), o.m. 
798. Bed vthek hep falladow, an ugly heast without 
douht, O.M. 798. 

MORE UGLY. Hagra, hacera, b. ; hackra, c.w. 478. 


ULCER,!. Pms, w. 

UNABASHED, adj\ Dev^th, div^th, w. 

UNANIMOUS, adf. Unvir, w. 

UNBELIEF, «. Dyscrygyans, w. ; thyscregyans, m. 
3299. GdUoB mUr yn dyscrygyans, thou art gone 
much in unhelief , r.d. 1516. lientenour thyscregyans, 
upholder of unhelief, m. 3299. 

UNBELIEVER, s. Discrugyer, discrygyer, p. PI. 
Dyscrygygyon, dysgryggyon, w. 

UNBELIEVING, adj. Discrygye, dyscrygyc, w. ; 
dyscrygyk, b.d. 1519. 7 homos ty yv ^scrygyh, 
Thomas thou art unhelieving, b.d. 1519. 

UNCHANGEABLE, adj. Tewlys, p. 

UNCHASTE, adj. Squeniv, w. 

UNCLAD, a^. Femoyth, femoth. These are doubt- 
ful words, w. 

UNCLE, s. {Il father's brother). Ewiter, euiter, 
euithr, euit, abardtat, b ; a barth ras, p. 

UNCLE,*. (A mother's brother). Ounter, b. ; abarii- 
mam, ?. 

UNCONCEALED, adj. Apert, w. 

UNCONSTRAINED, adj. Ruid, rid, w. 

UNCOVER, V. Discudhe, w. ; discuth6, p. ; dyecud. 
he, w. ; dhyscudhe. b. ; dascudhe, disquedha, diac- 
wedha, diswedha, dyswedha, dyswedhy, dysquedhas, 

UNCOVERED, (irf;-. (Naked, bare). Noth, w. ; nooth, 
p. ; noath, noeth, noyth, w. 

UNDEFILED, adf. Piir. w. 

UNDER, BENEATH. Dan, tan, dhan, w. ; than, h. ; 
den, p. ; yn dan, w. ; dadn, ysel, yssel, p. 

UNDER HIM. Dano. dadno, yndanno, w. 

UNDER ME. Tanof, w. ; tanov, p. 

FROM UNDER. Adhan, w. (a dhan). 

UNDERGROWTH, s. (As of weed in com, &c.) 
Lugg, D. 

UNDERSTAND, v. Convedhas, w. ; convethas, p.; 
wodhfye, uffya, w. ; wothya, desey, desgy, desca, 
desga, dyscy, deshy, p. 

UNDERSTANDING, s. Br^s, w. ; brlz, p. ; brus, 
w. ; briiz, p. ; breus, w. ; vriis, vrys, ttIb, p. ; vr^ 

UNDERTAKER, v. Esumsyn, w.; owerbyn, dho 
auira, p. 

UNDERTAKER, s. Aultra, p. 

UNDO, V. (Ruin, destroy). Diswrey, w. ; dizurey, 
diswil, p. ; dysw^l, diswul, w. ; dyswul, p. ; dhys- 
uul, disil, w. ; dizil, dyswrey, diswreys, dho ais- 
wrug, p. ; diswruthyl, w. ; dyswruthyl, dizurathyl, 
dyswythyl, dystrewy, tystrywy, p. 

UNDOUBTEDLY, adv. En dhiougel, en dhiugel, w. ; 
diogel, dioagel, p. ; hepmar, b. 

UNDOUBTING, ad;. Dywysyk, p. Pys gans eokn 
dywysyk, pray with undoubting heart, b.d. 1370. 

UNDRESS, V. Digwisca, dygwysca, w. ; thyguisky, 
p. ; discy, dyscy, w. 

UNEQUAL, a^. Anghespar, w. ; anghel par, b. 

UNEQUALLED, «kj^*. Hepparow, w. ; hepparou, p.; 

hepar, w. 
UNEXPOSED, adj. Diogel, dyogel, dyhogel, dyow- 

gel, dyougel, w. ; diougel, p. 

UNFAITHFUL, adj. Dislaian, w. 
UNFORTUNATE, adj. Aflydys, w. 

Digitized by 





UNFORTUNATELY, a(fe. Govy, o.m. 2216. Oovy 
raghthoy unforttmately for them, o.m. 2216. 

UNGUENT «. Onement, oynment, unnient, w. ; ani- 
ent, p. ; nrat, w. For other forms see SALVE. 

UNHAPPILY, adj. Soweth, syweth, w. 

UNHAPPY, adj. Soweth, p. See albO SAD. 

UNHAPPY I. Govy, w. 

UNHAPPY HE. Goef, w. Goef nep a worth javyn, 
nnhappy he who worships Joto, o.m. 1889. 


UNHEALTHY, af^\ Aniach, w. ; aniak, b. 

UNICORN, 8. Uncom, w. 

UNITE, V. Yunny6, w. ; yunnyy, p. 

TO BE UNITED, v. Yunny^, w. ; ynnnyy, p. 

UMTED or JOINT, adj. (In common). CIs, kis, 

kys, w. 
UNITY or CONCORD, «. C*soUth, kesoWth, cyso- 

Ikthy cyzal^th, w. ; kyzalath, kyzanleth, b. 
UMVERSE, t. Bys, vys, b^, bit, w. 
UNJUST, adj* Cam-hisic, p. ; camhinsic, camhilik, b. 

UNJUSTLY, adv. Cammen, p. iVa wrelhugh earn- 
men lathi^ that ye do not unjustly slay, p.c. 2196. 

UNJUST, AN UNJUST MAN, s. Camhilik, b. 

UNKNOWN, adj. Uncouth, w. 

UNLEAVENED, adj. Heb gw^l, b. 

UNLEAVENED BREAD. Bara heb gw41, b. 

UNLESS. Mars, w. Ma/rs dr$ mUr aur, unless b^ 
much gold, P.O. 1964 ; miirs, mamy {mar'ny)^ mami, 
mamas, mames, w. Marnh drethos veronica, unless 
by thee Veronica, b.d. 2220 ; manan {ma-na^n), mis, 
w. ; mkz, p. ; mds, w. ; m4z, keen, p. ; k^, c^, 
kyn, cyn, g^, boyna, w. ; pony, puni, p. ; poni, w. ; 
pini, pyni, b. ; ponag, peneg^s, penag, w. ; pynak, 
p.c. 681. 

UNLIKE, adf. Anghespar, w. ; anghel par, p. 

UNLOCK, V. Dialwhedhe, dyalwhedh^, w. 

UNLOOSE, V. Deglen6, teglene, w. ; louzall, b. 

UNMARRIED, adj. Ruid, rid, w. 

AN UNMARRIED WOMAN. Benin rid, w. 

UNNATURAL, adf. Denatar, w. ; denater, b. 

UNPLEASANT, adf. Anwh^c, w. ; anwik, u. 451. 

UN PLOUGHED LAND, e. T6n, todn, w. 

UNQUIET, «(&• Difeid, w. 

UNRIPE, adf. (Crude or green). Criv, w. ; kriv, b. 

UNROBE, V. Digwisca, dygwysca, w. ; thyguisky, 

p. ; discy, dyscy, w. 
UNRULY, adf. Brochi, b. 
UNSAVOURY, adf. Anwhic, w. ; anwfik, m. 461 ; 

desawer, x. 413t5. Desatoer veet yv henna, unsayoury 

beast is that, x. 4135. 

UNSEEMLY, adf. Hager, w. 

UNSHOD, adj. Diesgis, b. ; diesgi^, p. 

UNSWEET, adf. Anwh^c, w. ; anwik, il. 451 ; des- 
awer, II. 4135. 

UNTIE, V. Degylmy, b. ; deglen6, teglene, w. ; 
louzall, B. 

UNTIL. Ema, w. Ema wreUo tremeni, until she be 
dead, o.x. 2695 ; ama, w. ; hedre, n. Medri vy 
may fo anken, until it be that death is, o.x. 276 ; 
hysseas, w. ; hyz, p. ; bys, w. ; bys pan, b. ; byzpan* 
p. ; pan, terebah, b. ; trebe, trybo, w. ; trehe, p. ; 
sp4s, w. 

UNTIL THAT. Byspan, treh6, w. 

UNTO, prep. (See TO). 

UNTO THY. Dheth, dhodha, b. 

UNTO YOU. Hui, huyhui, dheu, b. 

UNWELL, adj. Aniach, w. ; aniak, b, 

UNWILLING, adj. Ambodlaun, anbodlaun, b. 

I AM UNWILLING. Nem deur. {It coneems not 

me)y w. 
YOU ARE UNWILLING. N6z deur, w. 
U^ WISE, adj. Anfiir, w. ; unscogyon, miscogyon, b. 
UNYIELDING, adj. Dynas, w. A doubtful word. 

UP. Ban, aban, yn ban, w. Adatn Baf yn ban, Adam 
stand up, o.x. 65. Bynytha na thud yn ban, he will 
never come up, B.n. 2139; avan, a van, a vadna, 
aman, man, w. ; mann, p. 

UP ! Insol, x» 2747. Imol bethugh yldn yesseys, Up !, 
be ye dean confessed, x. 2747. 

UPMOST, arfy. Uchaf, w. 

UPON. Wir, w. fVdr veneth (meneth), upon a 
mountain, o.x. 1281 ; u4r, wkr, ir, p. ; ^r, w. ; h&r, 
gor, wor, nor, v4r, v^, uch, ug, juh euth, p.; 
ord, orth, worth, yn, y, barh, barth, aberth, aber- 
Y^th, aperf^th, w. ; abem^th, abervadh, uhella, 
uhelles, uhelder, p. 

UPON HER. Wamethy, v. 

UPON HIM or IT. Wamodho, w. ; wametho, p. ; 
wamotho, k. 

UPON IT. Warfo, p. 

UPON ME. Waraf, wamaf, w. 

UPON THEE. Wamas, w. ; uamaz, p. ; wamos, 
wames, w. 

UPON THEM. Wamedhe, w. ; wameth^, k. ; uar- 
nedhe, p. ; wamans, wamodhans, wamydhans, w. ; 
uamydzhanz, p. 

UPON US. Waman, w. ; uaman, warany, p. 

UPON THE WHOLE. Warth an myns, b. 

UPON YOU. Wamouch, w. ; warnough, wameugh, 
p. ; wamoch, w. 

UPPER, adj. Augh, haugh, hagh, p. 

Digitized by 





UPPER PART or SUMMIT, «. Pen, pyn, w. ; 
pedn, p. 

UPPERMOST, adj, Pennaeth, b. ; uchaf, w. 

UPRIGHT, adj, Aban, yn ban, w. ; sef-ban, seban, 
p ; taman, ynten, b. 

UPRIGHT, JUST, adj. Ewhinsic, eubinsic, w. 

UPRIGHTLY, adv, Plemyk. m. 3314. Me a letter 
the plemyh, I will tell npnghUy, m. 3314. 

UPROAR, 9. ' Touse, b. This word is still in nse. 
Also miggal-oonpore, miggle-compore, garm, oab-a- 
rouse, D. 

XJPWARDS, adv, Huchot, avan, aman, man, w. ; 
D-aDn, p. ; ban, w. ; vyny, y vyny, p. See UP. 

URGE, TO PRESS ON, t;. Ynnya, w. 

URINE, ». Troaz, b. ; pisas, w. ; pizaz, b. 

URINATE, V, Troaza, b. 

US, pron. An, *n, ni, nei, ny, nyny (nyny is a redu- 
plicate, form), w. ; nan. War-nan, on ns, b. ; do, 
yy, p. ; yn, w. 

BY US. Drethon, ir. ; genen, w. ; genyn, c.w. 1473 ; 
gennan, b. 

FOR US. Dhynny, p.; theny, c.w. lOHl ; dhyn, 
rftgon, rdgon nyi, p. 

FROM US. AhaDan, w. ; a hanan, hanan, p. ; dewor- 
thyn, dheworthyn, dyworthyn, w. ; worthyn, p. ; 
rdgon, w. 

IN US. Ynnon (yn-ni), w. ; ynnon ni, p. 

OF US. Ahanan, w. ; hunnyn, b. ; humy, awy 
(a tohy), p. 

TO US. Thyn, p. ; d^n {de-yn) deyn, dheyn, 4yn, 
w. ; dhyn, dynny, w. ; thynni, p. ; thynny, w. ; 
dhynoy, m, 1499 ; dagan, p. ; thagan, b. ; worthyn, 
orthyn, w. 

UNTO US. See to US. 

UPON US. Waraan, k. 

WITH US. Gennen, b. ; genen, k. 

USE, 8. D^. Dtf vyth, any upo, p. ; d^fnydh, w. ; 
d^fnyth, p.c. 2548. Anotho gul dSfnyth vas, to make 
a good use of it, p.c. 2648 ; ous, p ; gynsy, b. The 
wall gynay, for it had use, b. 

USE, V, Dychy^, dhychye, dychthye, dygthy^, 
dygtye, dhygtye, w. ; dyghty, thyghtye, p. 

USED, part. Digthyas, b. 

USAGE or CUSTOM, s, Desmos, p. 

Usual, adj, Arbednec, arbennec, w. 

UTENSIL, i. Lofgurchel, w. ; lofgurhchel, p. 

UTENSILS, 8. Cosgurhehel, daver, b. 

UTMOST, adj. Crow, b. Tn crow, to the utmost, 
B. ; diwedha, diwedhas, dy wethas, w. ; diuethas, b. ; 
erow, p. 

UTTER, V, (Speak, tell, declare). Dysmegy, dys^ 

mygy, desmygy, w. 
UTTERANCE, e. Lavar. See also SPEAK. 
UVULA, «. Clunker, d. Froni clunky to swallow. 


'* This letter, sounded as in English, is a secondary in 
all the Celtic dialects. It repreHcnts two characters, 
viz., M, the soft mutation of h\ and mA, the soft 
mutation of m. Thus Comiph hara^ bread ; y vmr^ 
his bread. Mafn^ a mother ; y vam, his mother. 

In late Cornish it was used as the secondary mutation 
of / BLBfMh, a way; an vdrdh, the way." w. Lex, 
Com, Brit. 

VACANT, adf. Gw&g, w. ; guag, b. ; gw4k, w.; 
gw41, B. 

VACUUltf, «. Gwdg, w. 

VAGABOND, «. Gadlying, w. A nyl gadlying duM 

yn rdg, oh, vile vagabond come forth, p.c. 1817. 

For other words, see RASCAL. 

VAGINA, 8, Cons, gons, w. 

VAGRANT, 8, Gwilleiw, w. ; guilleia, b. ; guillein, 
w. ; losel, p, ; lorel, w. 

VAIN, EMPTY, adj. C6k, covge, cowg, w. ; cowga, 
p. ; fykyl, o.M. 234. Na iheHh fyhyl lauorow^ nor 
thy vain words, o.M. 234. ; trafyl, p. ; trufyl, R.r. 

VAIN, adf, (Of no avail). Negeris, w. ; segeris, p.; 
guag, en guag, b. ; gwig, gw4k, w. 

VALIANT, adf. Breseler, w. ; barthesek, k.d. 109. 
ITdg yn hateyl hartheeeky and in battle valiant, b.d. 
109 ; colannac, w. ; cqlannak, p. ; kollannak, b. ; 
colanac, oolenec, w. ; kalonnek, b. ; calonec, kalonek, 
p. ; cylednac, cadam, w. ; cadr, ithik, gawr, b. ; 
manerlich, w. 

VALIANTLY, adv, Manerlich, o.m. 2200. 

VALLEY, *. C<im, nans, w. ; nance, nantz, p. ; res, 
ros, b. ; rose, p. Pen rosey the head of the valley, 
p. ; ,r6sh, p. ; ddl, gl6n, glyn, w. GUn and glyn 
signify a valley through which a river flows, and diU^ 
a mead with a river flowing through it, w. 

A LITTLE VALLEY. Go d61, p. 

VALLUM or DITCH, 8. Graff, b. 


VALUE, t;. Sensy, synsy, sendzha, dho sendzhe, w.; 
sindzha, p. j sensye, sinsy, syngy, w. ; sansa, sensa, 
p. ; settya, w. ; r^n, rof, roof. Ny rdf, 1 value not, 

VALUE, 8. Pris, priz, prys, brys, bry, vry, w. ; brk, 
p. ; grfLs, rAs, w. ; r4z, p. 

VALUED, part, Dymmo, b. 

VALUED, ESTEEMED, adf, Pryv^th, privlth, p. 

Digitized by 






VALVE, i. Balloc, valloc, w. 

VAKITY, *. Ufer^th. evei^th, w. ; terrygy, f.c. 112. 

VANNES, s. Venetens, m. 2682. Me yv yerU in 
Fenetent, 1 am Earl in Vannes, h. 2682. 

VANQUISH, V. Pethe, fethy, w. ; wharfethy, p. 

VARIEGATED, adf. (With black and white). Biith,' 
w. ; bryth, b. ; bruit, b. 

VARNISH or GLAZE, s, Glidder, d. 

VARY, V. Legria, w. 

VARYING, A VARYING, *. Legradz, w. 

VASSAL, i, Omager, m. 3482. Byth nymoff the 
amayer, never am I thy yassal, m. 3482. 

VAULT or LEAP, v. Vossa, b. 

VAULT or LEAP, «. Vols, b. ; f^t, p. 

VAULT or SUMMERSAULT, s. Gudrak, p. 

VAULT or ARCH, s. Guarrak, b. 

VAUNT, V. Gnerha, gwertha, p. 

VAUNTING, 8, Moureriac, w. ; moureriak, b. 

VEHEMENCY, «. Greys, crys, grys, w. 

VEHEMENTLY, adv, Lasthe, p.; dour, m. 1749. 
Beys yv dyuyh la/urya dour, it is for you to work 
Tehemently (to labour hard), m. 1749. 

VEIL, 8. G61. goil, goyl, goul, guil, p. ; gugl (?yfiyl), 
nsair, b. 

VEIN, 8. (Of the body). Gulth, b. ; gwyth, gdth, 
guid, w. 

VEIN or LODE, 8. (Of ore). Meine, d. A form of 
men, stone. 

VELVET. 8, Paly, w. 

VEND, V. Gwerthe, werthe, w. 

VENERY, LUST, a. Guenar, p. 

VENGEANCE, 8. Dial, dyal, dyhal, w. ; dyel, m. 
1 696. Trom dyal wdr 61 an vey8y heavy vengeance on 
all the world, o.x. 1209 ; vynions, o.x. 1498. Tynione 
crtf a gdth warnas, hard veugeance will fall on thee, 
o.M. 1498. 

VENOM, 8, Guenoin, p. 

VENT-HOLE, e. Toll y gwint, b. 

VENTRILOQUIST, 8. Guan ascient, p. 

VENTURE,!. AnteU, w. 

VENTURE, V. Lavasy, w. 

I MIGHT VENTURE. Levesyn, 1 pers. s. subj. of 
lavasy y to venture, w. 

VENUS, 8, (Goddess of love). Gwenar, w. ; Guenar, 

VERACITY, 8. Gwir, w. ; gulr, p. ; gwyr, gwirder, 
w. ; guelder, p. ; gwyrder, gwirion^th, w. ; guirio- 
n^th, B. ; gwyryonlth, w. ; gureon^th, b. 

A MAN OP VERACITY, Guirion, guerryon, guir- 
leveriat, b. 

VERBOSE, adj\ Tavasec, w. ; tavazek, p. 

VERDANT, adj, GlAs, gw^r, gwyrdh, guirt, w. 

VERIER, adj. Pyrra. c w. 2400. Pyrra foyle ne ve 
ytpely9, a verier fool was never seen, c.w. 2400. 

VERIEST, adf. Purra, w. 

VERILY, adv, Eredy, yredy, w. ; ^n uir, b. ; Inuir, 
lant^, reseth {re seth), rum leute, rum lance, p. ; 
verement, x 2927. See also IN TRUTH. 


VERMIN, A VERMIN, s. Prtf, pryf, prftf, pr^v, w. 
PI Pryv^s, w. 

VERY. Piir, p6r, pyr, pre, pir, pAr. Pdr vdr, very 
early, p. ; biir, o.M, 1855. A bilr faU dyseryggyon, 
oh, very false disbelievers, o.y. 1855 ; mage, kte. 
K^S'kewitha, very familiar, p. ; hich, f^st, w. WoU 
cum fist, very welcome, on. 1207 ; brds, w. The 
colon yw cales brds, thy heart is very hard, o.x. 1207. 
It should be noticed that brds and JflSst are used after 
the adjective, as may be seen in the quotations given, 

VERY CERTAINLY. Gorthewyth, w. 

VERY PAMILIAR. K^skewetha, p. 

VERY MUCH, Ithik tra, b. ; laur, p. ; oaougant, b. 

VERY RIGHT. P<ir eun, p. 

VERY SMALL. Plo, b. 

VERY SOON. Dystouch, dhystouch, w. ; dystough, 

VERY TRUE. P6r wyr, p. 

VESPERS, 8. Gwesper, w. 


VESSEL, 8. (As cup, dish, &c.) Lester, lestre, ka- 
vat, B. ; cafat, p. 

VESTIGE, 8, Lerch, lyrch, w. 

VESTURE or GARMENT, «. Gwisc, guise, gwesc, 
guesk, p. 

VEX, V. Duwenh6, dewhanh6, w. ; dreyny, p. ; 
ranny, w. ; speitia, dho speitia, p. ; tosoanna, b. ; 
troplesy, w. 

VEXATION, 8, Duwon, duwhan, dewhan, duchan, 
duan, duon, w. J)re pHr anger ha duon, for very 
anger and vexation, b.d. 1402 ; ponvos, ponvotter, 
w. ; ponfos, panveter, panvetter, p. ; ponveter, w. ; 
despyth, b. ; gene, p. ; c^, k4n, ch^, anoensy, 
ankensy, w. 

VEXED, adj. Ponfosyc, w, ; ponfosick, p. ; senys, w. 
TO BE VEXED. Huthy, p. 

I AM VEXED. Serres, x. 1943. Itagtho may thoma 
eerrh, so that for him I am vexed, x. 1943. 

VEXING, adj. Raneic, rauny, b. 

Digitized by 





YICEKOY, 8. Luder, ^. ; lydtr, b. 

VICTIM, 8, Aperth, b. 

VICTORIOUS, ad;\ Budicaul, bydhygol, b. 

VICTUALLER, *. Maidor. maithor, w. 

VICTUALLING-HOUSE, i. Tshyi tavargn, p. 

VICTUALS, 8. Bruba, w. ; breuha, p. ; bygyens, 
vygyens, w. ; vyguons, p. 

VIEW, t^. SyUy, w. 

VIEW, 8. Sell, ail, syll, sull, w. ; boU, p.; goloc, 
golok, woloc, w. 

VIEWABLE, adf, ^In open view). Sellic, w. 

VIGOUR, 8. Cr^vder, w. ; krevder, p. ; creys, greys, 
w. ; fas, f68, p. 

VIGOROUS, adf. Cr^f, cr^v, w. ; kr^v, b. ; cnf, cryf, 
cryfl, m^n, vfn, fen, fr^tb, w. 

VIGOROUSLY, adv. Tn fr^tb, p.c. 1242. 

VILE, adf. Hogen, w. ; bogan, p. ; acr, b. 


VILLAGE, 8. Gwic, wic, w. ; wick, p. ; trftv, trew, 
B. ; bounder tre, castel, w. My a vyn gnUhyl ea8tel, 
I will make a village, o.x. 1709. For ca8tel see also 
B.D. 1471. 

VILLAGES, 8. Trevov, k. 369 ; trefov, 1037. 

A LITTLE VILLAGE. Gwiccet, wiccet, w. ; wicket, 

VILLAGER, 8. Trevedic, w. 

VILLAIN, 8. Bylen, w. ; belan, u. 2296. % a vet 
gam an belan, we sball meet witb tbe villain, x. 2295 ; 
barlot, plos ^Pl. Plussyon), w. ; drocgerut, drokgeryt, 
B. ; gad, M. 12-44. Gatm guv the wani an gdl, to pierce 
tbe villain witb a spear, ?.c 2917. Kepar a gdl, 
like a villain, m. 1244 ; casadow, p. Ov ton a ploe 
ca8odotP, bringing of tbe foul villain, o.x. 892 ; basa- 
dow, P.O. 452. He a cachi an ha8adow, I will catcb 
tbe villain, p.c. 4c 2. For otber words see RASCAL. 

VILLAINOUS, adj. Casadow, gasadow, plosec, plosek, 

VILLAINOUSLY, adv. Vylen, velen, b. Mar velen, 
so vilely (or villainously), b. 

VILLAINY, 8: Belyny, bylyny, w. ; bylen, p. ; 
velyny. vylyny, w. 

VINDICATE, V. Vensy, b. 

VINE, 8. Gwinbren, guinbren, w. 

VINEGAR, 8. Eysel, eysyll, guin fellet, w, 

VIOLATE, V. Syndye, p.c 580. Hdg an lahde ov 
eyndySy and violating tbe laws, p.c. 580. 

VIOLENCE, *. Mestry, maystry, meystry, w. War 
ov thyr ov gUl me8try, over my land doing violence, 
o.x. 2144. 

VIOLENT, «&•. Frfttb, w. 

VIOLET, 8. (Tbe flower). Melbyonen, w. 

VIOLIN or FIDDLE, 8. Crowd, barfel, w. ; fiol, p.; 
fylb, o.x. 1997. Crowd is a well known name for a 
fiddle, D. 


VIPEK, 8. Nader, w. ; nadar, naddyr, pr^v, b. 

VIRGIN, 8. Gwyrcbas. wyrcbas, gwyrcbcs, w. j 
gwyrgbes, p. ; wyrgbas, o.x. 2663. A vyth a wyr" 
ghas genye, wbo sbaU. be bom of a virgin, o.x. 2663; 
gwercb6s, wercbes, gwyrbes, gwberas, wyrbes, w. ; 
guerbays, x. 706. Maria mam ha guerhayt, Mary, 
motber and virgin, x. 706 ; macbtStb, vacbt^tb, w. ; 
vagbtytb, v. ; vagbt^tb, p.c. 1727. A vaghUth guUm 
dynythye, of a pure virgin bom, p.c. 1 727 ; mahteid, 
mabtbeid, w. ; mattbeid, martbeid, b. ; maitbes, w, ; 
maitbee, myrgb, p. 

THE VIRGIN MARY. An wyrbes Maria, p. 

VIRTUE, WORTH, 8. Gr&s, r&s, w. ; r&z, p. 

VISAGE, 8. (Tbe face or countenance). Fysmant^ 
vysmant, w. 

VISAGE, 8. (Tbe look or mien). Miras, w. ; minus, b. 

VISCOUNT, 8. Hubelvair, bubelwur, w. ; buwelwaip, 
p. ; byuelvair, buweluair, b. 

VISIBLE, adj. Hewel, w. ; beuel, b. 

VISION, 8. (A vision or a seeing). Gwtias, welas, 
gwM, wtt, gweyl, weyl, w. 

VISION, 8. (As in a dream). Besyon, x. 984. Dre 
beeyon, by a vision, x. 984. 

VIXEN or FOX BITCH, 8. Lowen^s, w. ; lowe- 
nez, p. 

VOCABULARY or WOftD BOOK, 8. Ger-lever, p. 

VOICE, 8. (Speecb, utterance). Lavar, w. 

A VOICE. 8. Lftf, w. ; leff, b. ; leaf, c.w. 1426. The 
Uf arluth a glewaf, tby voice Lord I bear, o.x. 587. 

VOID or HOLLOW, «. and adj. Gwig, w. 

VOID or EMPTY, 8. and adj. Noetb, noatb, noth, 
noytb, w. ; nooth, P. ; segeris, segyr, siger, b. 

VOID OF, WITHOUT. Heb, w. ; bep, p. ; negeris, 
w. ; segeris, p. 

TO VOID EXCREMENT, v. Caca, w. ; kakan, kah, 
p. Kaka en guilty cacavit in lecto, p. {etc.) 

VOLUME, 8. (Book). Levar, liv^r, lyvyr, caiauc, w. 

VOMIT, t;. Hweda, bwedzba, w. ; buedaha, p. 

VOW. 8. Adotb, w. 

VOW, V. Fo, vo, fe, p. 

I VOW. Jevody. The Trenohje voue dis. 


megannu, b. ; megganny, moggon, p. ; mogyon, b. 

VULVA, 8. Cheber, b. 

Digitized by 






*' This letter is always a consonant in Cornish. In 
Cornish tr is a primary and a secondary letter, when 
primary it is immutable, and when secondary it is a 
mutation of ^, as ffohe^ sight ; an tooloc, the sight ; 
0affs, blood; y looyx, his Uood. Govyn^ dh$ toavyn, 
to ask. 

After certain words preceding, this mutation is farther 
made into an aspirate wh. Thus godhevys^ suffered ; 
ef a whodhevfft, he suffered. 

Wh is also found as an aspirate mutation of in 
Cornish, as colon, a heart ; war ow wholon, on my 
heart," w. Zex, Com, Brit. 

WAG, V. Tolly, r.d. 2355. Te re gymmy td ow 
yuen, I wag my tail at ye, e.d. 2355. 

WAGES, t. Arfeth, w. ; arr^th, x. 3201. Awo$ 
arviih me an gruae, for wages I will do it, n. 3201 ; 
gober, gobar, gobyr, w. ; gubar, gobr, guu, gu, p. ; 
goober, guber, ober, b. 


WAIL, V. Gwelvan, guelyan, b. ; wol6, 0I6, w. ; 
olua, p. 

WAILING, pwrt, Ot thola. ic. 1609. Age mammov 
ov thola, their mothers wailing, ic. 1609. 

WAILING, 9. Croflolas, p. 

WAILINGS, «. Galarou, b. 

WAIT, V. Cbrtes, wortos, w. ; gorlos (?), p. 

TO WAIT FOR, V. Trege, trega, dreg^, w. 

WAITER, «. Gonidoc, p. 

A. WAITER AT TABLE. Renniat, b. 

A WAITING-WOMAN. Caites, p. ; caithes, kaith^s, 


TO BE WAKEFUL, v. Golyas, w. ; goolyas, gok- 
yas, b. ; gologhas, p. 

WAKEN, V. Defena, difun6, dyfuny, w. ; tefeny, p. 

WALK, V, Cerdhes, kerdhes, w. ; kerdhez, p. ; 
gerdh^s, w. 

TO WALK ABOUT or WANDER, v. Gwandre, 
w. ; guandr6, p. ; quandre, w. ; wandre, p. ; cescar, 
kec^Lar^ ir. ; kesker, b. 

WALKING QUICKLY. Janken, b.v. 

WALL. i. F68, w. {PL Fosow, v.) Ov eeuelavel dyw 
flU, standing like two wall (s), o.m. 1690 ; fdz, fo, 
p. ; v6s, b. ; h6s, r.d. 331 ; gwAl, w. ; gual, p. ; por- 
nit, w. 

A STONE WALL. Fds a vyin, p. 

WALLED, adj'. Gwallic, wallic, yallic, w. ; vi^ck, 
yallaek, p. 

WALLET, 9. Tigan, b. 

WALL-NUT, 9. Kynyphan Frenc. Lit. Frenoh-nut, w. 

WALLED TOWN. Dinas, dinas, p. 

WALLED TOWN or CITY. Tr^v, b. 

WALLOW, V. Egruath, dho egruath, w. 

WAN, adf\ Gwyn, gwidn, w. ; guin, guidn, p.; 
thurl, thirl, d. 


WANDER, ERR, or MISTAKE, v, Misoemerai, 
w. ; miskymeraz, p. ; meskymera, b. 

WikNT, 9. (Need). Edhom, w. ; ethom, p. ; odhom, 
w. ; othom, p. ; otham, b. ; whajis, b.d. 1517. Ny'm 
lm9 aUh lauarow wham, 1 have no want of thy wordi, 
E.D. 1517. 

WANT or LACK, s. Fawt, w. ; faut, p. ; fowt, font, 

WANTON, «. (A wanton girl). Giglot, w. A aig* 
lot oflynage, Oh, wanton of lineage, P.O. 1 183. &ig* 
lot is of often used in Cornwall for a girl who gigglei. 

WAR, 9. CAd, cis, bresel, bresell, bresul, bresyl, 
vresyl, w. 

WARDROBE, 9. Guiscti, w. ; guisgdy, b. 

WARES, 9, (Goods). Gwara, w. ; waroe, fema, p. 

WARLIKE, a^. Breseler, w. ; breseler, b. 

WARM, t^. Tomma, tumma, p. ; tubma, tubmy, b. 

WARM, adf, Toim, t6m, tClm, tiibm, diibm, tybm, 
w. ; daiar, b. ; mygil, w. 

WARMED, part. Steuys, p. Rdg gtoythi 9teuy9, to 
keep him warmed, p. 

WARMTH, 9. Tiimder, t6mder, toimder, w. ; t6mi* 
bder, b. ; tymder, t^s, mygilder, w. ; entxedis, p. 

WARN, V, Gwamya, w. ; guamya, b. ; guamy, p. 

WARRANT, V, Wrontya, wronte, p. 

WARRIOR, 9. CadwOr, w. ; cadg^, p. 

WART, 9. Gwennogen, gwednhogian, w. 

WARY, ac^'. Fin, w. ; eruryr, eruyer, p. 

WAS. Go. iVyn go, was not; 0, pewo, rebee, rys, 
tera, thera, dera, thell6, delle, wrens^, vownas, b. 

I WAS. Bema, vema, fema, buef, hilt, fuef, fAf, btf, 
v^f, veve, w. ; v^v, v^va, w. ; en, esen, w. ; eien, 
b. ; egen, yden, w. ; rAg u, p. 

THOU WAST. Ty a ve, ^s, eses, ydes^s, w. ; bus, v. 

HE WAS. Bue, pue, vue, fue, vye, be, pe, ve, fa, 
veva, vefe, o, asso, esa, es^, ege, ydhe, ydho, ydhee^, 
ydhege, w. 

IT WAS. Vo, B. 

IT WAS BEFORE. Revye, b. 

IT WAS NOT. Nawango, nago, nyngo, neung, b. 

THERE WAS NOT. Na geve {nag eve), b. 

WASH, V. Golchj^, golhy, p.; gulhy, w. ; gulhi, 
gdlhya, p. ; gelchi, b. ; wolghy, wolhy, woly, wolh- 
yia, p. ; uolhya, b. ; hambrokkia, w. ; hambronkyai, 


Digitized by 





HE WASHED. 1. Holhas, a mutation of i^olhasy 3 
pers. 8. preterite of ffolky, to wash, w. 

2. Wholbas, the aspirate matation of golhaSy 3 
pers. 8. preter. of golhy^ to wash, w. 

HE WILL WASH. Welch, a mutation of goleh, 3 
pers. 8. fut. of golchy, to wash. Also written wouleh. 

WASHED, part. Ales, p. 

WASHING, part. Gulhys, b. 

WASP, s. Guhien, w. ; guhyen, kuilkior^s, b. ; swop, 

WASSAIL, t, Gwyras, wyras, w. 

WASTE, REFUSE, RUBBISH, «. Atal, attle, w. 
A word still in common use among miners. Scyl. 
skyl, scM, skM, w. NSh 4% towle y hanow dhe sMl, 
who throweth his name to waste, w. 

WASTE, V, Guastia, p. 

WASTED, part, Spendys, spengas, y6z, b. 

A WATCH, «. Guillua, b. 

WATCH, 8, Holi, holy. KetweU holy, keeping watch, 


WATCH, r. (Spy, look out). Aspy6, w. 

WATCH or KEEP AWAKE, r. Golyas, w. ; goUyaz, 
p. ; goolyas, golzyas. b. ; colyas, w. ; kolyaz, koliaz, 
gologhas, p. Golyas o agan dyiyr, it was our desire 
to watch, P.O. 1068. 

WATCH YE. Golyough, b. 

THOU WATCHEDST. Wolsys, a mutation of goUys, 
2 pers. s. preter. of golyan, to watch, w. 

WATCHER, 8, Huer, d. A man on land watching 
for a school of pilchards. 

WATCHFUL, adj. Hewil, hewuil, w. ; heuyl, hen- 
vill (? hew>iU), hepuil, b. 

VERY WATCHFUL. Hycheul, hich hewil, b. ; hich 
hewuil, w. 

WATCHFULNESS, s. Guillua, p. 

WATCH-STATION, 8. GuiUua, w. 

WATCHING, A WATCHING, «. Guillua, b. ; gol- 
yas, w. 

Water, r. Douria, dourhi, w. 

WATER, 8. Dour, dower, doner, w. ; douar, p. ; 
dhour, w. ; thower, c.w. 2164 ; d{ir, w. ; d6r, dow, 
p. ; defer, w. 

A WATER, 8. (As a river, hrook, &c.) Gy, w. ; 
guy, B. ; gwy, p. ; wy, w. ; vy, p. ; isge, b. See 

A STANDING WATER. Lin, lyn, polan, p. 

WATER-CHANNEL, «. Gwerdhour, w. ; guerthour, 

WATERCRESS,!. Beler, w. 

WATER-ELDER, «. Scaw-dower, d. See ELDER. 
WATER-FLAG or IRIS, «. Elestren, b. ; laisfcer, 

laver, d. 
WATER-LILIES, «. Alau, b. 
WATER-LIZARD, 8. Pedrevan an dour, w. 
WATERMAN or OARSMAN, «. Ruifadur, nrffa 

d<ir, puivadur. revadur, p. 
WATER- WAGTAIL, «. Stenor, stener, w. ; tinner, ». 
WATERY, adj. Devrac, w. 
WATERY GROUND. Tir devrak, w. ; devrak, p. 
WATTLE, 8. Cluit, w. ; kluyd, b, ; dila, p. 
A WATTLED GATE, Cluit, w. 
A WATTLED HEDGE-GAP. Preath, frith, n. 
WAVE, 8. (A great ware or surge). Arm6r, tin, w. ; 

tiin, B. 
WAX, «, Koir, coar, b. ; c6r, coir, w. 
WAX-CANDLE, «. Tapar, p. 
TO WAX ANGRY, v. Perthegy, p. 
GROWN ANGRY. Pertheg6s, p. 
WAXEN, adj. Taw, b. 
WAY or PATH, 8 Cammen, w. ; kammen, p. ; gam, 

X. 1448, and ic. 3043 ; arrez, b. 

WAY, ROAD, PASSAGE, 8. Fdr {PI. Furu), yftr 
{PI. Vuru), f6rdh, vdrdh, w. ; ford, ferdh, fyrdhu, 
forth, p. 

A HORSE WAY or HORSE ROAD. Vorver, d. 

WAY or JOURNEY, «. Kerth, kergh, gergh«i, p. ; 
hins, w. 

WAY, MANNER, SORT, «. C6r, w. ; coore, c.w. 
402. War neb eoore, in any way, c.w. 402 ; keitili, 
P.O. 1671. JCeyn kerth ty thesu, go thy way thou 
Jesus, p.c. 1671 ; for {PL Furu), w. Gwreuh owna 
Vy* /«*^» mend your ways (manners), w. 

IN NO WAY, NOHOW. Malbew, p. 

IN THAT WAY or MANNER. Cetella, keteUa, 
kettermen, cettermyn, ceverys, keyerys, kerrys, 
cefrys, p. 

WE, pron. Ni, ny, nei, 'n, w. ; ow, vy, p. ; thynny, 
B. ; nyny, w. {Nyny is a reduplicate form of njr), 
do, agan honan, idzhin, p. Ni idMhin a guelm, we 
see, p. Two personal pronouns for one. 

WE ARE. Oan, on, b. 

WE TWO. Agan deaw, p. 

WE WILL. Ny a vin, w. 

WEAK, INFIRM, ad/, Gwan, gwadn, w. ; guan, 
guadn, p. ; gwedn, w, ; guedrys, b. ; wan. Mar 
taan, so weak, w. ; wadn, c.w. 1275; aneuin, w.; 
anvein, aniak, b. ; develo, fasow, w. ; farsow, p. ; 
palch, w. Paich, palehy, and palohed, are often used 
of weakly persons, d. 

Digitized by 





WEAK HEART. Wecor gwan. Lit Faint cour- 

age, B. 
WEAKLING, 8. Pinuick, punick, kenack, kinak, d. 
WEAK OF MIND. A scient, w. 
WEAKNESS, i, Gwander, w. ; guander, n. Rdg 

guander ef re eothas^ for weakness he has fallen, p.c. 

2t«18 ; garauder, p. 

WEAKLY, VERY SMALL, PUNY, adj. Pinnikin. 


WEAKLY. FOOLISHLY, adv, Sempel, m. 1994. 
2y ths vt/fftiis mar sempel, that thou wishest so 
simply, M. 1994. 

WEALTH, s, Covaith, w. ; kovaith. p. ; cyfoeth, 
liasder. b. ; liastre, P. ; p^th, b. ; pyth, m. 2571. 

WEALTHY, adj. Cefuidoc, covaithak, w. ; kovaithak, 
P. ; puludoc, B. 

WEAPON, 8. Aw. PI. Arvow, w. ; anrou. p. 

WEAR, 8 (To wear clothes). Gwiscy, gwisce, 
wysce, gwesca, w. ; ^eska, b. ; gwesga, w. ; guesga, 

WEARIRJD, adj\ Ann6s, w. 

WEARINESS, 8. Cu^th. squytzder, b. ; squythens, 
w. A pup nquythene y sawyi, from all weariness 
cure him, p.c. 477. 

WEARY, adj. Squyth, w. ; sqwyth, c.w. 2002 ; 
squ^th, M. 633 ; scith, w, ; sklth, p. A dev hir 
assoma squyth^ Oh, dear God, I am weary, o.m. 684. 

WEARY. TO GROW WEARY, v. Squyth^, scuytte, 
dho skuythi, w. ; skuattya, p. 

WEARIED, MADE WEARY. Squytheys. w. Ov 
thae ev edth ha squytheys^ my father is old and wearied, 
OH. 737. 

WEASAND or WINDPIPE, s. Ritan, w. 

WEASEL, >. Lovennan, w. ; louennan, p. ; codna- 
gwyn, codna-gwidn, w. ; kodna-guidn, b. Lit. 

WEATHEK, X. Cewar, kuer, cuer, w. ; keuar, p.; 
auhel, awcl, w. ; auel, b. Bds eigk ha Uk aioel, that 
the weather is dry and fair, o.m. 1 147. 

BAD WEATHER. Hagar awel, w. ; hagar auel, b. 

FAIR or GOOD WEATHER. Awel vAs, w. ; auel 
viz. B. ; t^g awel, w. ; auel teag, b. 

WET WEATHER. Cewar leb, w.; keuarUb, p. 

WEAVE, V. Gwia, w. ; gwea, guia, givia, p. ; 
gwethy, B ; quethy, p. 

WEAVED, adj. Gwethyn, gwethy, w. 

WEAVER, s. Gwiader. gweiader, w. ; gueadar, b. ; 
gweader, w. 

WEAVER or STING-FISH, *. Calcar, d. 

WEAVING, «. (A thing woven). Gwiad, guiat, w. ; 
guiot, p. 

WEB, 8. (Cloth woven). Gwiad, guiat, w. ; guiot, p. 

WEDGE, 8. G^n, g^dn, w. The iron wedge used by 
the Cornish miners is familiarly known as a gad. 

WED0E8, *. Genow, the pi. of gen ; gwlezow, w. 

WEDNESDAY, 8. De Marhar, w, ; Demarhar, b. ; 
Dumeiher, m. 2252. Kyn8 ye dnmerher the no8, 
before it is Wednesday night, m. 2252. 

WEED, *. P16s, w. ; myrgh, p. ilyrgh gdl, a bad 

WEED, 8. (Of standing pools). Kelin, b. 

WEEK, 8. Seithan, w. Nesea seithan next week, 
w. ; zeithan, b. ; sythen, m. o95. Kyns fe toy sy then 
ommi, though ye be a week here, m. 4568 ; seithyn, 
sythyn, seithun, seithum, w. 

WEEP, V. Gwelvan, w. ; guelvan, p. ; gouelaff, b..; 
galarow, w. ; galarou, b. ; cyny, kyny, crye, kriha, 
crio, w. ; krio, b. ; divere, p. ; wole, w. ; uole, B. ; 
olua, hoalea, p. ; holea, ol^, w. 

HE SHALL WEEP. Ool, 61, 3 pers. s. futof oU, to 
weep, w. 

WEEPING, 8. (A weeping). Olva, w ; olah, p.,; 
ola, c.w. 1309 ; oUna (? oUtta), b. 

WEPT, part. Whole, b. 

WEIGHT, 8. Poes. b. ; poor, poesder, p. 

A WEIGHT, A BURDEN, e. Pouis, pois, poiys, «. 

WEIGHTINESS, e. Pysder, b. 

WEIGHTY, HEAVY, oc^'. Poys, poes, pos, ptx,, 
w. ; powys, bos, p. ; boys, w. 

WEIGHTY, HEAVY, S.^D. adj. Trom, w. 

WEIGHTY, IMPORTANT, adj. Bysy, vysy, w. 

WELCOME. Mall. le welcome. Mallew {malUew), w. 

WELL, s. Fenten, fenton, venton, funten, w. ; fyn- 
tan, b. ; pol, lacca, w. ; lakka b. ; peeth, n. 

WELL, adv. Benes. BenSe bSn theugh, well be it to 
you, p. ; ynt, b. ; ynta. Ynta a tooths, well knew ; 
yn fas, w. ; redha, b. 

WELL. Man, IM, leal, gamwul, p. 

WELL, adj. (Being in health) lach, w. ; jach, b. ; 
yach, w. 

WELL BEATEN or HAMMERED, part. Morthelec, 
morthelek, w. 

WELL ENOUGH. Dalour, m. 8649. Dalour y 
werthis oerten^ well enough thou knowest certainly, 
M. 3649. 

WELL NIGH, ad^. Namna, before consonants, 
nanmag. before vowels, w. 

WELSHMEN, s. Cerabrion, w. ; Kembrion, p. 

THE WELSH BRITISH. Brethonek, Kembtian, p, 

WEN, 8. Gwenan, w. ; guenan, p. 

WENCH, 8. Moren, moroin, w. ; morain, b. 

Digitized by 





WENT. Ella, w. ; gith, thith, b. 

1 WENT. Ellen, ethym, my u ethym, w. ; yth, ir 

THOU WKNTEST. Ythys, 2 pers. 8. preter. of irr, 
V. tnds, to go. Also written etk^tf w. 

HE WENT. E, ellas, ^th, >th. 3 pers. 8. of irr, v. 
mds, to go, w. ; herraf, kerthaf, r. ; 8^th, w. 

YE WENT. Etheuch, w. ; etheugh, h. 

THEY WENT. Ethons, ythons, w, ; thev^8, b. 

WERE. Bonas. bones, idzhean, p. ; reb6, tbe86, b. 
7he»S Mthekf were set down, b. 

THOTJ WERT. Ezzez, b. 

WE WERE. Buen, vnen, fuen, esen, oezyn, w. ; 
foDs, b. ; veyn, a mutation of beyn^ id. qd buen, 1 
pers. pi. preter. of Ida, to be. Vyan, a mutation of 
byaHj a late form of buen, 1 pers. pi. preterite of bdt, 
to be, w. 

TOU WERE. Beugh, bugh, w. ; bench, fench, f(ich, 
esoucb, oezyh, w. ; oezy, b. ; ydhesonch. Read ydh 
and esouch, a reduplicate form of aueh^ 2 pers. pi. 
pres. of bda, to be, w. ; esough, n. 

THET WEKE. Bons, fons, b^ns, f^ns, (ns, esens, 
esons, w. ; oezenz, thens, b. ; ydhens, w. ; yonsy 
(? vonsy), B. ; jov^. Probably a corruption of yW, 
he had. a mutation of ewS, 3 pers. s. imperf. of 
eafoSf to have, w. 

THEY WKRE NOT. Ny won, b. 

IT WERE. Vya, b. 

IF IT WERE. A pe (be), n. 

THAT WERE. Ven, b. 

AS IT WERE. Cara, kara» w. 

IP THOU WERT. Mar p^s, p. 

W EJST, «. (The west). Gorlewen, w. ; gorleuen, p. 
£n goflewm kemoWj in the west of Cornwall, w. 

WEST. (SuDset). Houlsedhas, w. ; houl zedhaz, 
p. ; houl-zethza, b. 

WEi^T INDIES, «. Lollas. 

WEST INDIAN SPIRIT, %.e,, RUM, «. Dourtubm 
lollas. Lit. Hot water of the West Indies. 

WET, V. Glibbie, glybye, w. ; glibie, p. ; clibbie, 
dybye, klybbye, w. 

WET, ad;\ Glib, lib, lynnic, w. ; lynnek, p. ; s6g, 
siig, w. 

WET AND DIRTY, adj. (Weather, roads, &c.) 
Slotteree, p. This is quite a common word in Corn- 
wall. Also 9oggy, n. 

WETHER, «. Lodn, w. ; lodon, p. 

WETHEB'GOAT, «. Cynbyc, w. ; kynbyk, b. 

WETHER-SHEEP, «. Lodon davas, w. ; lodn-davas, 
B. ; mdls, moulz, roowls, w. ; m61z, mowlz, b. 

WITNESS, $. Glibor, glybor, w. ; glibbor, p. 

WET WEATHER. Cewar 14b, w. ; keuaiUb, f. I 

WHALE, «. Morvil. PL M6rvilow, w. 

WHAT, pron. rel. Nib, lib, w. ; dry, trez, p. 

WHAT, pron. iub. Pa, pe, py, w. ; pu, py w, pew, f. 
Pete an jowU pandra vyt gwyrds, what the deril 
shall be done ? p. ; by, ba, w. Ba dhSn^ what man? 
w. ; panna. w. ; pana, m. 1501. Patm goys awlk 
henna, what blood will that be, m. 150 J. 

WHAT, WHY. Pandra, pendra, w. 

WHAT IF. Pattel, patel, patla. fattel, fatel, fatla, 
fatl, fettel, fetyl, p. 

WHAT THE. Pan {pa-an\ pahan, w. ; pahyn, f. 

WHAT THING. Pandra, pendra, w.; pandrew, cw. 
23.9; pedra, p. 

WHAT IS. Pythiow, p. 

WHAT IS IT. Pandrew? p. 

WHATEVER. Penag, p.; penagh, w. ; pynag, p. ; 
pynak, n. ; panak, m. 8104 ; ponag, pepenag, 
pepynag, p. ; by penag, k. ; pyupenag, py wpenag, 
piwa bennac, pyuhabennak, p. ; pandiu-bennak, b. ; 
puppcnac, puppenak, puppenag, py penag ol, v.; 
pnppenagol, w, ; pandra, pendra, p. ; pub-er, b. ; 
byth ol, vyth ol, v. Din byth ol, any man what- 
ever, b.d. 21 b9. 


WHEAL, i, (From a blow). Botham, n. 

WHEAT, «. Gwanethy w. ; guanath, f. 

WHEATEN BREAD, «. Bara gwaneth, ^. ; baia 
guanath, p. 

WHEEL, «. R6s, w. ; rdz, p. 

A SMALL WHEEL. Bisow, bezo, w. ; rozellen, b. 

A SMALL SOLID WHEEL. Druckshar, b. 

WHEELBARROW, «. Gravar rds, w. ; graTarpaz,B. 

WHEEL-PIT, «. PM r6z, poul r6z, p. Still used in 
Cornwall for the pit under the water mill-wheel. 

WHELP, 8. Coloin, w.; koloin, b, 

WHEN. Pa, pan, ban, w. ; po, b. ; kettel« k. Pam 
ruk drys y worhentoyn, when I acted against his 
command, o.m. 353. Pan cam worthffbyn, when he 
answered rudely, p.c. 1403. Ketttl tenys an bara, 
when thou didst break the bread, bd. 1319. Po 
mark Udd/is, when a horse is stolen, b. 

WHEN. (Since, insomuch). Aban, w. ; pam, pan, p. 

WHEN, AT WHAT TIME. Pa, panso, panvo. pa- 
han, p. 
WHEN IT MAY BE. Panvo {pan-bo), w. 

WHENCE, adv. Apeleh, able, pl6, pyU {pa4i), w. ; 

my, B. 

pefesU marbel, Abel where hast thon been so long ? 

O.M. 467 ; py, pele, w. ; py le, p. ; pyle, w. ; byle, 

C.W. 662; pylea, c.w. 1288; pale {pa4e% pelet, p. ; 

Digitized by 





polia, w. ; pema, p. ; pie {pa4e), w. Ph me, where 
if it ? E.D. 46 ; plkh, pylech, w. ; plex, p. Ph is 
prefixed generally, as pUmonn, where they are, b. 

WHERE IS. Po, B. ; pleme, w. ; plema, p. 

WHERE 18 HE ? Plema, p. 

WHERE HE IS. Plema, p. 

WHERE ART THOTJ ? Pytheata, w. ; py thestu, p. 

WHERE HAST THOU BEEN ? Pefeeta, pe£eet6, p. 

WHERE ARE THEY ? Plemons, p. 

WHERE THET ARE. Plemona, p. 

WHERE WAS IT ? Peveva, w. 

WHEREFORE. PerAg, w. ; por&g, p. ; prAg, prio, 
praga, fraga, fra, w. ; pywough, p.; prAgh, f. ; 
piik, p.c. 1767. 

WHEREIN. Menz, b. 

IN WHICH. Menz, b. 

WHEREYER. Puppenac, puppenak, puppenag, w. ; 
pypenag, b. ; puppenagol, w. ; pepenagol, p.c. 680 ; 
pub-er, B. 

WHERRY, 9. Gurhal bien, p. 

WHET, V. Lemma, lebma, w. 

WHETHER. Py, po, bo, syns, aens, p. 



WHETSTONE, «. Agolan, w. ; higolen, b. 

WHEY, s. Meith, w. 

WHICH, pron. Neb, l^b, pu, pyw, w. ; roel, siU, 
toan, Cis, p. 

WHICH ? Pa, pe, py, panna, ba, w. 

WHICH MAN? Badhfin, w. 

WHICH ONE ? Panyn, w. ; paynyn, p. 

WHICH OF THEM ? Panyn, b. 

WHICH OP THE TWO ? Peliha, penyle, b. 

WHICH 18. Pyw {pyw^yw), w. 

WHICH SEE. Hena, kenz, p. 

WHILE, A SPACE OF TIME, «. Pols, prys, preys, 
pr^, pr^z, prjrwith, cors, w. Bd^on ohy poh the 
uxmye, for us a while a house to dwell in, o.ic. 1716. 
Powesouyh lymmyn vn eore, rest now a while, P.O. 

A LITTLE WHILE. Prygwyth, prywfcth, w.; 
polge. X. 1338.; pols byhan, o.m. 1269; tecen, 
teken, w. 

FOR A WHILE. RAg teken, p. 

FOR A LITTLE WHILE. R4g token, p. 

A WHILE SINCE. Agensow, agynsow, w. 

WHILE or WHILST. Tre, tra, tro, try, dre, w. ; 
heddre, b. ; hedre, w. Medrd vyyn oupredery, whilst 
I am considering, o.ic. 20^55 ; cith, kith, w. ; bre- 

dar, worthe, b. ; devone, p. Drevone hewa^ whilst I 
lire, p. ; Awds, auoz, entermen, spis, p. 

WHIM, 9. (Odd fancy). Tamatuan, b. ; tamytuan, 

WHIMBLE, e. Tarad, tardar, w. 

WHINNARD or REDWING, s. Suellak, p. ; swel- 
lack, D. 

WHIP, 9, Scubilen, w. Borlase giyes this for a 

A WHIP FOR A TOP. (To make it spin). Ging, n. 

WHIPS, 8. Whyppys, s. From the English. 

WHIRL or WHIRL AROUND, v. Troillia, w.; 
kroddre, p.c. 682. TKagae kroddri me a grye, to 
%hiri you round I believe, p c. 882. 

WHIRLING, part. Wimblen, p. 

WHIRLPOOL, 9, Gurges, poUan troillia, w. ; aber, p. 

WHIRLWIND, 9. Gwlns adro, guyns adr6, w. ; 
gutns adro, p. 

WHISPER, V. Huetha, p. ; wystre, w. Na ny wy- 
itiys yn 9eofam, nor whispered it in the ears, p.a 

WHISPER, 9. Hanas, w. iVy yewsyn yn tewoiy(n§ 
a dryfftHa yn tut hanae, 1 spoke not in darkness be- 
hind people in a whisper, x.c. 79. 

WHISTLE, V. Huibanat, b. 

WHISTLE, 9. Wiban, w. 

WHISTLER FISH, «. Gerrick, girrock, girac, d. 

WHITE, aty. Gw^, w. ; gute, p. ; gwyn, w. ; guyn^ 
gwyne, guin, guyne, p. ; gwldn, w. ; guldn, guydn, 
p. ; gwydyn, B. ; huyn, uidn, p. ; w^n, w. ; wyn, 
whyn, wyne, p. ; wyan, fyn, fin, b. ; cdn, w. ; k&n, 
gluys, gonnyon, guanath, b. ; gwanath, w. JIaya 
huyn, as white, p. 

WHIIE BREAD. Bara c4n, w. ; bara k&n, baia 

guanath, b. 
WHITE DOG. Keigwyn, p. (A family name). 

WHITE NAPED,fl<&'. Schylwyn, m. 3391, Omma 
pen tarov sehylwyn, here a white-naped bull's head, 
u. 3391. 

WHITE-PUDDING, s. Pot guidn, p. The provincial 
term is white-pot. 

WHITE STONES. Carrig gonnyon, b. 

WHITE-THORN, 9. Speruan wyn, w.; speman 
uidn, frith, p. 

WHITE-THROAT, 9. (Bird). Codnagwyn, w.; 
codna-gwldn, p. ; kodna-guidn, b. 

WHITE THURSDAY. Jeu-whydn. It is still 
called chewidden daj. It is one clear week before 
Chrbtmas day. They say that on this day black 
I tin (the ore) was firat turned into white tin (the 

metal), n. 

Digitized by 





WHITEN or BLANCH, v. Gwynna, w. ; cannu, b. 

WHITENESS, «. Gvynder, m. 3667. i)tVy« of 
gans gvynder ^ blinded am I bj whiteness, x. 3667. 


WHITISH, adj. Geudnik, gendnek, gendnak, r.; 
widnak, b. 

WHITING, 8, (The fish). Gwynac, gwynnec, gwid- 
nac, gwydnac, w. ; guidnak, p. ; guydnach, b. 

WHITLOW, «. Veak, veach, venom, d. 

WHITSUNTIDE, «. Pencast, w. ; Penkast, p. 

WHITTLE, «. L^dn, w. ; coUel, p. 

WHO, pron.rel. N^b. n^p, Ub, w. Nip a marreh 
Un, who was a trusty knight, ir . lebba, ba, b. ; a, k. 
AfuegenySy who was born, k. q, ^is, p. ; suel, sM, 
w. sad a the'n nif, who is going to heaven, n, 

WHO, interrog, pron, Pu, pa, pe, py, pew, pyn 
{py-yu), pyw, w. Pyu henna, who is that ? Pyw 
ough, who are you ? r.d. 196 ; piua, pua, pyvytho, p. 

WHOEVER. N^b, nep, leb, penag, pynag, pynak, 
puppenac, puppenak, w. ; pypenag, b. ; pywpenag, 
w. ; pyupenag, p. ; puppenag, w. ; pyuhabennak, 
p. ; piwha bennac, w. ; piua bennak, b. ; pennagle, 
c.w. 1641 ; pub-er, b. Puppenagol a vo ef, whoever 
he may be, p.c. 23 ; kemmys, w. Kemmyi na greysa, 
whoever believes not, n. See WHATEVER. 

WHOLE, a^\ (Entire). Dyen, tyen, w. ; tyan, p. 

WHOLE, adj. (Sound, healthy). Salov (^salou), u. 

4239. Yagh ha pHr salov , healed and quite whole, 

M. 4289. 

WHOLLY, adv. Yn tyen, ha beys, p. ; haheyz, b. 



WHOP or BLOW, *. What, wat. whaf, w. 

WHORE, s. Dr^th, bora, p. 

WHORESON, 8. Horsen, m. 3734, 

WHORTLEBERRY, s. Iz-diu, b. 


WHY. Prig:, w. ; prigh, n. ; priik, p.c. 1757; 
prAc, praga, fraga fra. perig. w. ; porig, pywough, 
p. ; pa, w. ; chuy, p, ; forth, n^b, n^p, nM, b. 

WICK, 8. Porvan, d. It is made of the pith of a 
rush for a small lamp. One form of wick made of 
rag is culled booha^ boobuny and boobus^ n. 

WICKED, adj. Anfusyk. w. ; anfugyk, p.c. 14^4. 
Ow bones mar anfugyk, being so wicked, p.c. 1424 ; 
cam, gam, ham, cabm, cham. w. ; camhinsic, p. ; 
droc, drog, drok. w. ; g41, gwdn. p. ; hager, hagar, 
B. ; pedn dhro^, plosec, plosek, w. ; purcheniat, 
purkeniat, purceniat. b. j tebal, p. ; tebel, debel, w. 
A sdn a^n debel bobel, at the noise of the wicked 
people, o.M. 1815. 

WICKED, ACCURSED. Mylyges, vylyges, w. 

WICKEDLY, adv. Yntebel, b. 

WICKED FELLOW. G41, w. See also RASCAL. 

WICKED MAN. Purceniat, purkeniat, purcheniat, w. 

A WICKED ONE. Bylen, w. 

WICKED ONES. ' Tybeles, tebel^s. debeles, w. 
May wheUo an debelSs, that the wicked ones may see. 
o.M. 1849. 

WICKEDNESS. 8. Bylen, bylyny. vylyny, dr&c, 
dr6k, drog, g^, scherewntth, scherewynsy, w. ; 
scherewynlth, p. ; anf6s, w. I)un gamo er y onfliM^ 
let us come to him, for his wickedbiess, p.c, 1601 ; 
cam, w. Oan8 earn pHr brde, with very great wicked- 
ness, B.D. 2264. 

WIDE, adf. Ledan, w. 

WIDE AWAKE. Thyfiin, perrthyfon, p. 

WIDEN, V. Les^, w. 

WIDOW, *. Gwedho, guedeu, w. ; vedou, gureg 
uedhu, p. ; gwr^g wedhu, w. 

WIDOWED, at^\ Gwedhu, wedhu, gwedho, guedeu, 

w. ; guedho, p. 
WIDOWER, 8. QHt gwedho, w, ; guedho, p. 
WIDTH, 8. L^s, leys, w. 

WIFE, 8. Gwr^, w. OwrSe brederys^ a diligent wife, 
w. ; wr^c, w. ; gwreag, c.w. 877 ; wreage, c.w. 834; 
gr^g. wrig, gur^g, grueg, w. ; grufik, m . 302 ; gur^k, 
o.M. 1258 ; fr^g, w. ; vr^g. An vrSg or an urig, the 
wife; freggans gftr, fryas, p.; fryes, o.M. 2187; 
cansgiir, b. PL Gwragedh, w. ; gwregath, c.w. 

WIFE or HUSBAND. «. (Spouse). Pryes, brjres, 
vryes, pryas, w. ; bryas, c w. 806 ; pries, bries, 
fries, w. ; freas, c.w. 1227. 

GOODWIFK. Benen v4s, w. ; benynvAs, c.w. 554; 
wrethtye, c.w. 942. 

WIG, 8. (An old scratch wig). Gozzan, n. From 

its rusty look. 
WILD. adj. Alta. Beathuige alta, wild beasts, b. ; 

difeid, w. ; gues, b. ; gwylls, w. ; gwells, guelz, b. ; 

guyls, M. 1145 ; gvyls, m. 7 ; guit, w. 

A WILD BEAST. Guitfil, w. 

WILD BEASTS. Beathuige alta. b. 

A WILD BUCK. Oytiorch, w, 

WILD CARROT. Kager, keggas, kaiyer, d. 

A WILD CAT. Coidg4th, w. ; koitgith, p. Lit. 
Cat of the wood. 

WILD-FOWL. Idhin gu^lz, b. 

WILD PARSiNIP. Kager, keggas, kaiyer, d. See 

WILD or MEADOW SAFFRON. Goitoenin, w. ; 
goitkenin, b. ; goickennin, p. ; lodosa, hlodosa, b. 

WILD THYME. Coifinel, w. 

Digitized by 





WILDERNESS, s, Defyth, devyth, dyveyth. w. ; 
devHh, p ; difeid, w. ; guylfoys, m. 1 132 ; guylfds, 
M. 2802 ; guelfds, M. 1 1*27. Moys then ffuel/ds, to go 
to the wilderness, x. 1 127. 

WILL, s. Bodh, w. ; b6th, m. 2972. Urbyn ov hdth, 
against my will, m. 2972 ; bothe, c.w, 1 6 ; bouth, 
P.O. 1027 ; biis. vodh, w. ; voth, p. V6th agm 
Arluth sefryn, the will of our sovereign Lord, o.m. 
21H9 ; vreys, vriis, m41, w. Mdl yv genen tJu gnfuB, 
out will is to take thee, o.m . 553 ; mynnas. vynnas, 
wl, w. ; thoule, c.w. 126; thovle, m. 1168. Rdg 
indella yv oo thovle, and thus is my will, h. 1168; 
bolung^th, bolnog^th, bolneg^th, w. ; boleneg^th, 
blonogath, bonogath (?), p. ; volnog^th, volneg^th, 
volung^th, w. ; vlonogath, p. ; vlanogathe, c w. 2243 ; 
volynedzherh, volyndzherdhek, p. 

WILL, V. Menny, minny, mynny, w. ; menna, p. ; 
mennas, yennas. mynnas, vynnls, w. ; min, mentha, 
mendzha, thenfyn, vedn, vynsa, p. 

I WILL. Mennaf, mynnaf, manaf, madam, me va- 
dam, Yennaf, vynna, w. ; vynaff, vadam, b. ; fynnaf, 
w. ; my a vydn, c.w. 1710 ; byn, me a byn, p. ; 
menjam, me amenja, b. 

I WILL NOT. Ny vanaff, b. 

THOU WILT. Mynnyth, menta, vynnyth, fynnyth, 
yenta, yynta, vynny, yenni, w. ; vinny, ti a vin, b. 
Mynnyth, fynnyth^ vynnyth, are used after na, 

IF THOU WILT. Mor menta, b. M6r is used for 

WILT THOU ? Mynyth, menyth, vynnyth, b. 

HE WILL. Myn. Mdr myn dew, if God wills; 
m^n, min, fyn. vyn, v^n, v^dn, w. Myn, fyn, vyn, 
are used after a and ny, 

WE WILL. Mennyn, mynnyn, vennyn, vynnyn, w. 

YE WILL. Mennouch, w. ; menough, b. ; vennouch, 
menno, venno, vedo, vedno, w. ; wynnough. b. 

WILL YK? Wynnough, b. 

THEY WILL. Mennons, meddons, w. ; meddonz, b. 

WILLING, adj. Volynzhedhek, p. 

WILLINGLY, adv. Meugh, p. 

WILLOW, «. Heligen, helagan, hellik, helak, p. ; 
helek, b. 

WILY, adj. See CUNNING. 

WIN, V. Gwaynia, guaynia, b. 

WINCE, V. Deglene, tygly, p.; thegly, c.w. 485. 

May tyglyn an (ybelis that the devils will wince, w. 

PC. 3046. 

HE WILL WINCE. Tyglyn, a mutation of dyglyn, 
3 perrf. s. fut. of deglenS, to wince, w. 

WIND, s. (The breeze). Gwens, gwins, guins, w. ; 
guinz. B. ; guenz, p. ; gainz, b. ; gwenz, p. ; gwyns, 
w. ; guyns, N. ; wens, wenze, b. Mak marthys yeyn 
yv an guymt for wondrous cold is the wind, P.O. 

1215. The **eye of the wind " is called the em- 

mut, B. 
WINDFALL or LEGACY, s. Skuat, skuit, d. 
WINDING or TURN, i. Tom. Tbm an vdr, the 

turning of the way, w. 
WINDOW, s. Beisder, veisder, besidar, fenester, 

prenest, w. 

WIND-PIPE, t. (The trachea). Ritan, w. 

mut. PoUohele. 

WINDY, adj. Auelek, w. See also STORMY. 

WINE, 9. Gwin, gutn, gwyn, w. ; gwyne, b. ; win, w. 

A GLASS OF WINE. Gwedran a win, w. 

A GLASS OF THE WINE. Guedran an guin, p. 

WING. «. (Of a bird). Ascall, w. ; askall, b. ; as- 
gal, asgell, escell, w. ; azgran, b. 

WINGS, «. (Of birds). Ascelli, w. ; askelli. asgelli, 
p. ; escelly, eskelly, scelli, w. ; skelU, b ; sgelli, w. ; 
skerli, p. 

WINKER, $. Brenner, d. 

WINNING, «. (A gaining, an earning). Vangin, d. 

WINNOW, V. Croddre, kroddre, w. 

WINNOWING-FAN, s. Gwinzal, w. 

WINNOWING-SHEET, b. Nothl^n, w. 

WINTER, «. Gwdv, w. ; gwave, c.w. 1700 ; guiv, 
w. ; gwif , p. ; gu&f , gaiav (? guiav), b. 

WINTER-CRESS, s. Casabully, d. 

WINTERLY, adj\ Gwavas, wavas. IVe toavM, a 
winterly place, p. 

WIPE, V. Sech6, syche, sychy, sihy, seha, zeha, w, ; 

ystynny, p. 
WISDOM, 8. (Prudence). Fumes, w. ; fumez, b. 

WISDOM. 9, (Knowledge, learning). Scient, sceans, 
skeans, scians, skians, skeyens, skyens, skyans, sken- 
tel^th, skentullth, w. ; skentyllur, skentyll, p. 

TO BE WISE, i;. Furaat, b. 

WISH, a^\ (Prudent, sage). Kiif, o.m. 285 ; cM, p. 

A mister cdf arlHth n4f, Oh, wise master, Lord of 

heaven, p.c. 869 ; fiir, w. ; fure, c.w. 490 ; furre, c.w. 

783 ; faer, c.w. 786 ; fuir, m. 905 ; fir, feer, w. ; 

fyr, p. 
WISE, adj. (Learned). Scentyl, skentyll, scyntyl, 

w. ; skyntyll, b. ; scientoc, w. ; skientog, p. ; skyan- 

sek, X. 377. 

WISH, i. Plegad, w. {PI Plegadow, blegadow, w.); 
whans, p.c. 1092; yeues, w. ; youall, merth, b. ; 
bolnogeth, m. 310 ; bolenegoth, p.c. 1 139. Ha holme- 
gdth a*n td$, and the wish of the father, p.c. 1139. 
See also WILL. s. 

WISH, V. Desef, menny, w. ; menna, p. ; minny, 
mynny, mynnes, yeuny, w. ; vedn, Tossaw, p. See 
also WILL, V. 

Digitized by 





IT IS WISHED. Mynner, fynner, w. 

YE WILL WISH. Vynnouch, a mutation of myn- 
noueh, 2 ])e/8. pi. fut. of mynnSs, to wish, w. 

THEY WILL WISH. Vynnons, a mutation of myn- 
nons, 3 pers. pi. fut. of mynnSs, to wish, w. 

HE MAY WISH. Mynno, fvnno, vynno, w. 

TO WIT. Ednak, b. ; en ednak. p. ; eduyn, b. 

WIT, «. Scient, sceans, skeans, skeyens, scians, 
skyans, skyens, w. 

WITCH, s. Poddrac, w. ; podrak, b. ; pestrior^s, 

pestryores, pyetrior^, w. ; kuilioges, cuillioges, 

chuillioges, guenoiourciat, guenoiureat, gunethiat 
dr^n, B. 

WITCHCRAFT, s, Pystry, pystyc, pystyk, w. ; gueu- 
uyn, B. 

WITCHERIES, s. Pystege, w. 

WITCHERY, s. Dewnos, deunos, w. 

WITH, prep. Cans, cens, kens, w. ; gans, p. Gans 
ow tdSy Tvith my father, p.c. 727. Lanters gam golow^ 
lanterns with light, p.c. 609 ; ganz, gene, p. ; gan, 
gen. w. Gen hlo, with child, p. ; gyn, gynen, p. ; 
gQzen, B. ; ord, orth, worth, w. ; dy, der, dre, dredh, 
p ; dhanna. b. An golou dhanna, with a light, b. ; 
k^, harh, b. ; barha, bara, pan, pahan, riim, p. jRUm 
irds, with noise. HHm peryl, with danger, p. 

WITH HER or IT. Gynsy, w. ; ghynsi, b. 

WITH HIM or IT. Ganso, w. ; ganzo, b. ; ganzha, 
p. ; gODzha, B. ; gansa, c.w. 805 ; gowzha. p. 

WITH ME. Gynef, gyn^. w. 

WITH THEE. Gynes, genes, w. 

WITH THEM. Ganse, gynzhans, w. ; ghynzhanz, 
genzynz. b. 

WITH US. Genen, w. ; gennen, b. ; gynen, p. 

WITH YE or YOU. Genouch. w. ; genough, p. ; 
gbeDouch, B. ; gynouch, genoch, w. ; ghenok, genouh, 
B ; geneuch, gyneuch, w. ; genew, p. 

WITHDRAW, V, Dena, dene, deny, tene, teny, w. 

TO WITHDRAW ONE»S SKLF, v, Omdena, p. ; 
omdenna, om-teuDa, ymdenna, y'm tenna, w. 

WITHER, V, Gwedhra, guedhra, p. 

WITHERED, part, Seches, syches, sechys, seghys, 
sychys, syhys. sehys, zehys, p. 

WITHIN. AbervMh, aberv^th, w. Mn aberveth, let 
us come inside, o.m. 1062; aperf^th, w. ; abervadh, 
aberu^th. p. ; berth, r.d. 860. Berth yn bysma, 
within this world, r.d. 860 ; aberth, w. Aberth yn 
beythy within the grave, r.d. 2083 ; aber, bera, barh 
a, en bera, w. ; ynbarth, b. ; agy, w. Agy the lyst^ 
in the lists ; agey, ir. ; agye, c.w. 1029 ; adzhyi, 
dzhyi ; yn, y, mein, meyny, w. 

WITHIN ME. Ytama, p. 

WITHIN US. Ynnon ni. 

ARE YOU WITHIN ? Erouh hui tshyi. i.e., are ycm 
within the house ? p. 

WITHOLD, V, Ymdenne, p. ; guitha dhort, b. 

WITHOUT, adv, (Outside). Am^s, a m^, w. ; yn 

m^z, yn meys, yn meas, p. ; em^, w. ; emdz, p. ; 

enieas, mez, b. ; v^z, viasi!. a v^s, w. ; a vease, ev^z, 

p. ; av^s. w. ; aver, auest, p ; vez, b.v. Avie hdg 

agy, without and within, n. 

WITHOUT, p^ep. Heb. w. ; hep, p. Reb dyUy, 
without ceasing, b. Sep hynny, without denial, p. ; 
di, p. Dibettiy without pity, p. ; de, dy, w. Dyedn^ 
without noise, p. ; saw, p. ; saw, n. Saw y ober h^y 
thynkett, without his work and his teaching, p.c. c 7 ; 
hebogh, M. 2693. Hebogh why ftur na menogh, with- 
out you surely not often, x. 2693. 

WITHOUT CARE. Heb k^n, p. 

WITHOUT DOUBT. Hepmar, hemmar, w.; hep 
thought, M. ; diougel, p. 

WITHOUT END. Hep worfen, n. 

WITHOUT EQUAL. Hepar, hepparow, w. ; hep- 
parou, P. 

WITHOUT FAIL. Heb fyllal. c.w. 505. 


WITHOUT ME. Heboff, m. 4546. 


dylly, p. 

WITHOUT A ROAD. Hebfoni, w. 

WITHOUT STOP or STAY. Ahanas, ahas, p. 

WITHOUT YOU. Hebogh why, m. :cB93. 

WITHSTAND, i;. Omdhal, w. 

WITLESS, adj, Discient, diskient, w. ; dikr^f, b. 

dustune, dustynye, dustyne, w. 

WITNESS or TESTIMONY, s. Tustuny. dustuny, 
dustyny, w. ; destynye, c.w. 127. Ra henna ddk 
dustuny J bear witness of that, P.c. 1272. 

A WITNESS, s. Dustyny, p.c. 1812. The hemma 6/ 
dustyny, to this I am witness, p.c. 1312. {Thn 
perhaps is simply witness or testimony.) Tuiftun,, 
dustun, tist, test, w. 

A WITNESSING, «. Tustuny. tistuni, testyny, w.; 
tistum, p. ; dustuny, dustyny, w. 

WITTY, adf. Sceans, w. ; skeans, kydnik, p. ; avle- 
thys. w. ; avlethis, p. 

WITS, «. Skyans, u. 3835. Thy ikyans lemen drofh 
to his wits now bring him, u, 3835. 

WIZARD, e. Pystry or, pystryour, w, 

WO AD, ff. (The plant). Glesin, w. ; glesyn, p. 

WOODCOCK,*. Kyvelak,p. 

Digitized by 





WOE, «. Gq, gew, gwae, w. ; gw^t c,w. 1833 ; wew, 
w. ; w^r, wryth. Lena wryth, full of woe, p. 

WOE! $xelam. Trew! tra! w. 

WOE TO HIM. Goef, gweff, govy, w. 

WOE IS ME. Govy, w. 

WOE TO ME. Govy, w. 

WOE TO THEE. Gogy, m. 3596. 

WOK TO THEM. Goy, w. 

WOEFUL, adj, Ryth, w. 

WOLF, «. Bleidh, w. ; blaidh, bleit. p. ; blyth, m. 
1104 ; blygh. c.w. 1149 ; bleiddie, b. 

WOMAN, «. Benen, yenen, byoen, vynen, bynyn, 
vynyn, banen, w. ; beoyn, c.w. 393 ; an venin, (the 
woman), p. PL Benenes* venen^s w. An venenda 
ha^n fieghyi the women and the children, o.x. 1575 ; 
bTn3rne8, vynyn^s, w. My onan a'y vynyni§, I am 
one of his women, b.d. 1667 ; hennas, p. ; venyn (?) 


A BIG WOMAN. Benen vrib, w. 

A CHATTERING WOMAN. Flattor^s. TmvJkfUori$ 
na gotu moy, peace chattering woman, say no morei 
B.D. 1066. 


A DANCING WOMAN. Lappior^s, w. 


A DRUNKEN WOMAN, Vedho. From medho, to 
drink, b. 

A FAT AND DIRTY WOMAN. Zess, seas, soas, d. 
(iSw*, Lat. A BOW.) 

A DIRTY WOMAN or SLATTERN. Tulky, tnlgy, 
alummock, n. 


A DUMPY WOMAN (or MAN). Stubbet, d. 

A GOOD WOMAN. Bennen v4z. p. ; benen vat, b.v. 

WOMAN OF MY HEART. Ben ma brea, b.v. 

THE WOMAN OF THE HOUSE. Gwr^gty, wr^gty, 

A MARRIED WOMAN. Greg cans giir, gwr^c, 
greugh, gureg, gorak, griik, gr^g, p. See also WIFE. 

AN Ill-tempered woman. Frig, d. 

AN OLD WOMAN. Gwrah, gruah, gurah, w. 
A STOUT WOMAN. Hummock, n. 
POOR WOMAN. Gwragedh vohosngion, w. 
A PROUD WOMAN. Goch, b. 
AN UNTIDY WOMAN. Sproosen, stroUop, d. 

A WOMAN " IN THE STRAW." Bennen in golo- 
vaa, p. 

A WOMAN SINNER. Pehaduras, b. 

THIS WOMAN. Homma {hon-amma), p. 

THIS WOMAN HERE. Homma {hon omma), b. 

WOMAN or WIFE, s. See WIFE. 

WOMB, s, Brys, w. ; brevs, m. 847. In hreyi a 
bemn heh awsTf in a woman s womb, without grief, k. 
847 ; mam, tor, torr, w. ; nastra, p. ; nascra, w. ; 
May wrUk the thdn ym na$era, that I bore thee in my 
womb, B.B. 486. 

WONDER, ». Marth, varth, w. JSa henna rnUr worth 
vye^ and that would be a great wonder, p c. 1728 ; 
marthus, varthus, w. ; n-arthys, n. ; mestry, meystry, 
maystry, w. 

A WONDER ! exelam. Refaria !, b. This was a 
common expression and is the same as ** By St. 
Mary ! " See WONDERFUL I 

WONDERS, «. Marthejjion, marthegyon, varthegyon, 
marthogion, marthnsion, maradgyon, w. ; martheg- 
yon, N. ; maradgion, p.; marodgyan, c.w. 1804; 
marogyan, o.w. 1874. ; marudgyan, c.w. 1765 ; mar- 
thys, p. 

WONDERFUL, adf, Marthusec, marthusek, yarthuseo, 
w. ; merthusy, b. ; marthusy, marthas, p. ; marthys, 
yarthys, barthesec, barthusec, ethuc, ethec, ethyc, 
ithic, ytheo, w. 

WONDERFUL! exelam, Refaria, rafaria, rea, ria, 
rea rea, rea suas, rea rey^, w. 

WONDROUS, adf. Marthys. Marthys teJce, wondrous 
&dr. Jldk marthys yeyn yv an guyne, for wondrous 
cold is the wind, p,o. 1215 ; mage. Magi fOur^ won- 
drous wise, p. 

WOOD, «. (A wood). Coid, koid, coyd, c6d, coed^ 
cuid, coit, w. ; koit, b. ; coet, w. ; coat, p. ; koat, 
kuit, B. ; cuit, c6s, cCLz, w. ; cCks, kCks, cooz, p. ; coys, 
w. ; g6d, goed, goda, giis, ^%, gos, gosse, guyth, 
gyth, govyth, wyth, p. ; cotelle, loin, w. 


WOOD or TIMBER, «. Pren, w. ; bren, p. ; predn, 
w. ; prin, pridn, p. 

WOOD or FIREWOOD, «. Cunys, kunys, p. -5# 
evinySy a burden of wood. Cowethe hetheugh kunys^ 
comrades reach wood, p c. 1219 ; prynner, o.m. 1323. 
Oorri lemmyn an prynner, put now the wood, o.ic. 

WOODCOCK, s. Cyvelao, w. ; kyyelak, p. ; kyvellak, 

WOODEN, adj, Prenic, w. ; prenick, prinik, prid- 

nick, p 
WOODEN.PLATTER, «. Tolyer-predn, w.p.p. This 

term is still used for a large wooden plate. 
WOODBINE, 9. Guydhuydh, b. 
WOOD-CORNER, «. Huccaner, n. 
WOOD-DOVE. 8. CMon, kylobman-kftz, p. 
' WOOD-FENNEL, «. Coid finel, w. 

Digitized by 





WOODMAN, s, Sair-pren. Lit. A sawer of wood, w. 

WOODPECKER, «. Kazek-koit, kazek-koat, kasek 
coit, B. 

A GREEN WOODPECKER. Casec coid, w. 

coit, p. 


WOOD-PILE or STACK, i. Tasum, p. 

WOOD-RICK, 8. Tasum, p. 

WOOD-TIN, 8. Oostean, d. An ore of tin in struc- 
ture like wood. 

WOOD or WOODEN FLOOR, «. Plynch, p. The 
eh is soft. 


WOODY, adj. (Abounding in trees). Gwidhenic, 
gwydhenjc, wydhenic, withenic, w. ; withenick, 
gyth, p. ; gu^lz, B. 


WOOL, «. Glin, glawn, gluan, w. ; gulan, b. 

WOOER, 8. Tauter, tymarrhar. Fl. Tymarrhurion, 


WORD, 8. Gir, g^r, b. ; gear, c.w. 164; geer, u. 
928 ; ere. c.w. 565. Itdk 8atDyi tils dre vn gir^ to 
save men by one word, p.c. 2972. Cov8 m geen^ 
speak a word, m. 92ft. Rdg der tha ere yth faUa, for 
by thy word it seemed, c.w. 565. PI, GeYryow, 
gyrryow, giriow, w. ; gyrryraw, c.w. 638 ; gerryon, 
w, ; gerennov, m. 2964. Na wele oovs gerennov, seek 
not to talk words, m. 2964. 

A GOOD WORD. Gir da, p. ; gervis, b. 

WORD. SAYING, or SPEECH, 8. Lavar, w. ; la- 
ver, p.c. 71. PI. Lavarow, w. ; lafarov, x. 2920. 
ffeb na herri lafarWy without any longer words, m. 

WORD-BOOK, 8. Gerlevftr, w. 

WORK, V. Gonedhy, gonethy, gones, gonys, conys, 
wonys, gwethel, guthyl, gwaythe, gwethe, quethe, 
w. ; dho wheal, dho whul, whele, whela, whelas, 
wharfe, gwyl, guil, gM, geel, geil, gtl, p. ; lafurye, 
laviria, w. ; laferr\ a, b. ; obery, w. 

HE WILL WORK. Wones, a mutation of gonis, 3 
pers. 8. fut. of gonye, to work, w. 

THEY WILL WORK. Wonedhons, a mutation of 
grtnedhonSf 3 pers. pi. fut. of gonedhy y to work, w. 

WORK 8. (Work or deed). Gwreans, gwryans, w. ; 
guryans, p. ; wreans, ^wythres, wythres, w. Hdg 
6l y wythre8 keffrys, and all his work also, p.c. 1443 ; 
gwaithe, gwaith, gweyth, weyth, gueid, gwyth, w. ; 
wyth, p. ; guyth, M. 785 ; guaith, b. ; gCd, p.c. 646 ; 
obar, c.w. 1179. 

A MINE WORK. Wheal, wh^, wheyl, w. ; wheil, 
o.M. 2569 ; whyl, wayl, welth, w. ; whela, wheela, 
p. ; huM, hw^l, hweyl, w. 

WORK or LABOUR. «. Lafur, lavur, lafyr, w.; 
lavyr, lavut, p. ; lavirians, w. ; lafurye, p. Wo8i 
eou8 ha la/urye, siter talk and work, o.M. 1899 ; ober. 
Pdg an ober, for the work, a. Eight hours work, 
sometimes six hours work in a mine is called a core 
or coor, d. 

WORKER, 8. Guythor, gueiduur, oberor, w. ; obemr, 

FULL OF WORKS. Obereth, w. 

WORKFELLOW, 8. Oberwas, w. ; oberuaz, p. 

WORKMAN, 8. Gueiduur, gueidvur, w. ; gneidhor, 
gweithiur, gwythor, w. ; guythur, guidhili, p. ; 
weidwur, gonidoc, w. ; gonidog, b. ; gonesig, goneseg, 
wonesek, wayler, vayler, vailer, p. ; oberor. w. ; 
oberur, gofail, inguinor, b. ; d^n huel, w. 


WORKMEN, 8. Guithorion, b. ; gonesugy, w«nesugy, 

WORK-STONES, 8. {i.e., building stones), Mein 
wheyl, w. ; mein hueyl, ir. 

WORKWOMAN, e. (?). A eareiese toorlwomam, 
Slump, D. 

WORLD, 8. Bys, w. ; byz, b. ; byes, c.w. 87 ; byese. 
c.w. 2371 ; pys, vys, beys, veys, b^s, w. ; beas, k 
4275; beise, c.w. 1080; beis, beaz, b. ; bid, en bwi, 
bit, w. The^n heye 61 golowys gldn, to all the world 
bright lights, o.M, 34. Byftmi, this world, M. 153. 

WORM, 8. Cinac, cynac, w. ; kinak. {PI. Kinougas, 
p.) ; kenack, d. ; pr^v, w. ; prfive, c.w. 335 ; pr^f, w.; 
preaf . c.w. 502 ; prif, pryf , w. PI. Pryves, w. ; 
prevas, c.w. 111. 

A SMALL WORM. Pr^van, w. 

A THOUSAND WORMS. Milpr^v. This, says 
Borlase, is the angumum (the Druidical egg), *' called 
so from the spawn of the adder inclosed in the lump ; 
it was also called glemneidr or glass serpent, which 
was the artificial imitation of the natural anguinwKi, 
made of glass, supposed a powerful amulet." 


Crabaliaz, p. 
WORMWOOD, 8. Fuelin, w. ; fuelein. b. ; felen, w. 
WORRY, V. Dyspytye, dhyspytyfe, w. 

WORSE, adj. Gwftth. gwethe. gu^th, w. ; gu^vth, m. 

3378 ; gwaeth, guyth, w. ; guetha (?), n. ; qulth, p.; 

wftth, w. ; weyth, auyth, a uyth, laka, lakka, p. ; 

lacka, b. 
WORSHIP, 8. Gordhyans, wordhyans, w. ; gorthyans, 

worthyans, v. ; gwerdhyans, gorryans, w. ; guoryans, 

gwerthyia, gorty, gworria, p. ; urria, b. 

WORSHIP, V. Gordhy, gordhy^, cordhy^, w. ; gorthc, 
N. ; gorthy, p. ; gorthya, c.w. 221 ; gworthya, c.w. 
139 ; gwerthya, p. ; gworria, gurria, w. ; guiia, p.; 
worna, urria, w. ; worth, coly, p. 

Digitized by 





DTI! ■ 


HE WORSHIPPED. Wordhyas. a mutation of 
gorikifas, 3 pers. s. preter. of gordhye^ to worship, w. 

I SHALL WORSHIP. Cordhya^ a regular mutation 
after wutr, of gardhyqf, w. 

HE WILL WORSHIP. WonDi, a mutation of gorih, 
8 pers. s. fut. of gordhy, to worship, w. 

HE MAY WORSHIP. Wordhyo, a mutation of 
gordhyo, 3 pers. s. subj. of gordhyi, to worship, w. 

WORSHIPPED, part. Gorfhys, gorthys, w. 

WORST, adj. Droca, droka, droga, gwetha, w. ; 
gaetha, p. 

WORST, V. Gwaythy, w.; guaythe, guethi, p.; 
gwethe, fethy, w. 

WORSTED, part. Gwythys, fythys, w. 

WORTH, 8. krj, vry, prts, priz, prys, brys, br*z, 
gras, r^s, w. ; i4z, w. 

TO BE WORTH. Bos talves, dil, tftl, w. ; yrvyry, p. 

IT WILL BE WORTH. Dalvyth. a mutation of 
taivytk, 3 pers. s. fut. of tahfy to pay or requite, w. 

THEY WILL BE WORTH. Dalons, a mutation of 
taUnu, 3 pers. pi. of taty^ to pay or requite, w. 

WORTHLESS, adj. Casadow, gasadow, w. 

WORTHY, adj. Gweff, gwyw, w. ; guyw, p. ; gyw, 
w. ; gvyw, P.O. 481. Dre ths voth kin nag ef gvyw, 
through thy will though I am not worthy, p.c. 481. 

WOULD. Vynnas, fynnas, vynse, vyse, yennyn, b. 

I WOULD. Mensen, fensen, vensen, mynnys, fynnys, 
▼ynnys, w. ; mennen, menzhon, b. ; vynnan, w. 

I WOULD RATHER. Me vedn kenz, me vendzha a 
kenz, B. 

THOU WOULDST. Mennas, fennas, mynsys, vynsys, 
w. ; mennyz, menzhez, b. 

WOULDST THOU ? Menyth, mynyth, vynnyth, b. 

HE WOULD. Menne, fenne, mense, w. ; menzhe, 
B. ; mendzha, fense, yynse, mynnas, fynnas, vynnas, 
yynne, vynna, w. ; mennaz, b. 

WE WOULD. MyDsyn, vynsyn, w. ; mennen, b. 

YE WOULD. Mennen, b. 

THEY WOULD. Menuenz, b. 

WOUND, V. Golye, bluthye, w. ; bluthy, hertia, p. 

WOUND, 8. Goly, woly, guli. {PI. Golyow, wolyow, 
guUyow, w.) Brew. PI. Brewyon, vrewyon. 
Borlase ^ves for ** wounds,** pyttege^ pyft^g^- 

WOVEN, part. Guethy, b. See WEAVE, r, 

WRACK or SEA TANG, 9. Gumman, gubman, w. 

WRANGLE, V. Garey, b. 

WRANGLER, $. Strifor, w. 

WRAP, V. Maly^, mayl^, maylye, vayl6, w. Sdg 
yn eendal gldn mayiyi, and wrap him in a clean linen, 
P.O. 3156. 

WRAPPED, pari. Maylys, maylyes, w. ; drylyas, b. 
WRATH, 8. S&r, sorras, fr6th, w. ; fr*th, p. 
WREATH, 8 Gaalont, pWth, w. 
WREATHE, V. Nedhe, nedha, b. ; nethe, p. 
WRECK, 8. Gurek, p. 

WREN, 8. Gwrannan, gwradnan, w. ; guradnan, p. ; 
guradn, b. 

WRESTLE, V. Emlodh, emladh, emladha, w. ; them- 
loth, p. ; ymdowla, w. ; yindoula, p. Ov themhth 
may then pAr 8guyth, wrestling till I was very much 
tired, p.c. 2509. 

WRESTLER, 8. Ymdowlur. w. ; ymdoulur, b. ; ym- 
doular, p. ; k4n-piir (/, kin-wur), b. 

WRESTLING, 8. Umdowla, ymdoula, b. 

WRETCHED, adj. (Miserable). Aflydhys, w. ; ay- 
leth^s, C.W. 1152; difr^, dyfr^th, dyffryth, deflbyth, 
trewyth, drewyth, trewath, w. Lemyn dyfrHh of ha 
gvaci, now wretched I am, and empty, o.m. 593. 

WRETCHED, ad^. (Evil. vile). Trdc, tru, tr6th, w. 
** We still say an old trot, speaking of an old miser, 
or covetous woman," p. 

WRETCHES, 8. (Those afflicted or miserable). Aflyd- 
hygyon, aflydhysyon, w. 

WRETCHES, 8. (Villains). Plnssyon, w. See 

WRIGHT, 8. Sair, w. 

WRING, V. Strothe, w, ; strothy, guryn, gurydn, p. 

WRINKLE or PERRIWINKLE, 8. Guihian, p. 


WRINKLED, part. Squytheys, p. 

WRIST, 8. Codna br^, w. ; kodna br^h, b. ; cona 
brich, w«; conna br^gh, p.c. 2762. Lit. The arm 

WRITE, 8. Screfa, serif a, serif e, w. ; screpha, p. 

WRITER, 8. Scriviniat, w, 

WRITING, 8. ([A writing). Scrife, w. ; skrift, skri- 
vidh, B. ; scrividh, scrivit, scriven, w. PI. Scrivit, b. 

WRONG, adj. Cam, gam, ham, cham, cabm, w. ; 
camhinsic, p. 

WRONG, 8. (A wrong). Dr6c, dr6k, dr6g, w. ; hAs, 

WRONG-DOER, #. Cam, gam, w. 
TO DO WRONG, v. Camwul, gamwul, w. 

WROUGHT, part. Coyntis, b. ; rewruk, wharfethys, 

WRY, adf. Cam, cham, cabm, w. ; kabm, p. ; gam, 

ham, w. 
TO MAKE WRY, v. Camma, gamma, w. 

Digitized by 





"WKY-NECK, ». (The diaease). Pinnick, ». 


'' Thisletter is used in Cornish to express the diphthongal 
sound of », as in the English words wine, fine, &c. 

It is also constantly used in the Ordinalia for •; thus 
we find gwyn, gwyr, gwyryoneth, for gwin, gwir, 
gwirionedh, &c. 

This letter has no place in the Armoric, Irish, and 
Gaelic Alphabet," w. Lex. Com. Brit. 

TARD, $. (A yard measure). Gwelan, w, ; guelan, 
p.; gweleii, w. 

YARD, 8. (Of a ship). Dele, w. ; guelan gol, ».*., 
sail yard, p. 

Tarn, «. linyn, b. ; noden, w. 


YARROW, $. Minfel, w. ; milfel, nintell, b. 

YE, pron. See YOU. 

YEAR, $. Bledhen, vledhen, w. ; bledhan, b. ; bled- 
hyn, bliden, blydhen, w. ; blithen, blithan, p. ; bly- 
than, M. 243; blyth, m. 1637; bloth, c.w. 1976; 
blodh, w. ; bloaz, blewen, blipen, b. 

YEARS, *. Bledhynyow, bledhynnow, blenydnyow, 
w. ; blythy {PL of Blyth), m. 1637; vledhynnow, 
w. ; vlenydnyowe, c.w. 1916 (Ms.); vlethydnyow, 
c.w. 1916; vledthydnyow, c.w. 1862. Naw eane 
hldth, nine hundred years, p. 

YEARLING or STEER, $. Deneyoid, b. ; deneuoid, 
loch, leauh, p. 

THE YOUNG OF A COW or SHEEP. Lodn, w. ; 
loch, leauh, p. 

YEARNING, $. Hereth, m. 4616. JSereth tu orih ov 
grefya, yearning is grieying me, m . 4646 ; hyrest, P.O. 
3176; herethek, m. 4626. JTar the lergh ha heretheh 
after thee, and yearning, m. 4314. 

YEAST, 8. Burm, w. ; burman, b. 

YELLOW, adj. Melyn, melen, milin, velyn, yelen, 
w. ; mellyn, uellyn, b. 

A DEEP YELLOW COLOUR. Ridkydyn, w. ; ridh- 
yellyn, p. 

YELLOW-HAMMER, #. (Bird). Gladdy, n. 

YES or YEA, ado. Ya, yea, ia, b. ; ea, x. 1646; 
huath, B. 

YESTERDAY, $. Doy, de, w. 


YESTERDAY EVENING. Nehuer, neihur, w. 


YET, adv. Wh4th, p. Tma dev whdth ov pewi^ there 
is a God yet living, o.m. 622 ; with, x. 1266. Wdth 
yfeme a vith aleys, yet hell will be wide open, x. 

1266 ; hwith, hu4th, wh^th, p. ; w^th, w. ; wh^ 
P.O. 1087 ; whit, yythys, bez, p. ; etto, b. 

YEW, 8. (Tree). Hiyin, w. ; hiuin, b. 

YIELD, V, Gwyl^. p. ; guella, dho ouna, b. ; £he$ 
an guella, I'll yield to you. p. 

TO YIELD UP, V. (Resign, deliyer). Dascor, w. ; 
thascor, p. ; dastor, b. 

YOKE, «. leu, mydzhovun, w. 

A horse collar made of twisted straw is still called a 
munger, n. 

YOLK or YELK, *. Melin-oi, melynoy, w. ; melyn- 
oi, p. Lit, The yellow of the egg. 

YOU or YE, pron. Why, wy, hwi, hwei, huei, hny- 
hui, chwi, chui, chuy, a's. Borlase giyes for ye as 
follows : — ** Nough, ye ; tvamough, on ye ; gewmgh^ 
with ye; and suffixed to yerbs, as, vynnouch, wiU 
ye." The yariations for nough, after dropping the n, 
are, ouch, och, ogh, owh, o, ou, ugh, uch, ach, euoh« 
eugh, uich, ych, euh, ew, iu, az, 's. See the follow- 
ing phrases, vi% : — 

BY YOU. Genouch, genoch, geneuch, w. ; genough, 
genew, p. ; drethough, n. ; genawhy, c.w. 2618. 

BEFORE YOU. Ragouch, w. ; ragou, b. 

FOR YOU. Ragouch, w. ; ragough, k. ; rago hud, b, 

FROM YOU. Ahanouch, w. ; ahanough, k. ; worthy- 

eugh, p. 
IN YOU. Ynnouch {yn-^hut), w, ; ynnough, ». 
OF YOU. Ahanouch, k. ; worthyeugh, p. 
ON YOU. Uamo, p. ; uamach, uamaz, b. 
THAN YOU. Agesouch, w. 

TO or UNTO YOU. Though, k.; thugh, p.; deuch, 
deugh, N. ; dheuch, p. ; dheuh, dheu, deuh, w. ; 
dhiu, B, ; dyuch, w. ; dhyuch, b. ; dyugh, x. 807 ; 
dhuich, B. ; dych. deych, dywy, dhywy, dyuwhy, 
wortheuch, w. ; worthough, ortheugh, w. ; orthora, 
c.w. 704. 

UPON YOU. Wamough, v. 

WITH YOU. Genough, n. ; ganao, p. ; gansa, i. 

YOUNG, ad/. louenc, iunc, iungk, iynk, iyngk, w. ; 

jungk, p. ; iyn, b. ; yonc, yonk, yync, yowync, w. ; 

yowynk, x. 1196. lowynk ha hSn, young and old, 

P.O. 39. 
YOUNG MAN, D^ iunc, dte junk, w. ; dean 

lunk, giir ioyene, p.; g<iijoyene, b. ; yoyene, p. ; 

jevan, b, ; iyngh, iynkar, p. ; iyncar, w. ; yowink, 

p. ; gwis, guis, B. 

YOUNGEST, adf. Younka, c.w. 1060. Ba Ml em 
ow mabe younka, and abel is my youngest son, cw. 


Digitized by 





TOUR, pron. Agas, ages, agez, agis, agos, agoz, agos, 
agai, agys, gas, ges, gez, goB, goz, gus, guz, gys, gya, 

as, 68,78. 

FOR YOUR. E4g eon, p. 

OF TOURS. Aga, p. 

TO YOUR. Dhys, p. ; dliy», B. 

WITH YOUR. GennyB, w. ; genya, p. ; ghennya, b. 

YOUR OWN SELVES. Gya honyn, p. 



ynk^s, yowynketh, p. 
YOUTH, (Adolescence^ Yowyncnith, w. ; new*, m. 

167. A newt hag a Mny$^ in youth and in old age, 

M. 167. 
YOUTHFUL, adj, Yonc, yonk, yync, younk, yow- 

ync, w. 

YOUTHFUL AGE. Ooz younk, w. 
YOUTHFULNESS, $. Yowyncn^th, w. 
YOUTHFULLY, ado. Yowynk^, yowynk^th, p. 


*' This letter has properly no place in the Goiniah 
alphabet. It is only used in late Cornish to enrets 
a softened and corrupted sound of «," w. Lex, Cam. 

ZEODARY, «. Coste, b. 

ZONE or BELT, «. Grugis, grigis, grygis, grigiz, w. ; 
iP7fiT*> gwregus, grwegus, gouris, guris, griig, 
cledmf, B. 



Digitized by 


Digitized by 



Digitized by 


Digitized by 







^l0O the ^orb'0 flrager <& ^^oqUzq ®reeb. Sec 





The Ancient Cornish is according to the orthography of the Cornish Dramas, as " written in the thirteenth 

century, and may have been even of the ninth centory," when the Cornish Language was spoken 

in its purity. — (See Williams's Lexicon Cortiu-Britannicum.) 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


An Censa Cabydul a'n Lyryr an 
The first Chapter of the Book the 



1. T'b dalletb Dew a wriig nU ba'n ndr. 
In the beginning God {a'')oreated heaven and the earth. 

2. Hag ydh ese an ndr heb composter ha gwag; ha tewolgow es^ war e&ep a'n downdir, 
And it woe the earth without form and void; m^ darkneu tpot ttpan (the) fa4$ of the dup^ 

ha Spyrys Dew r(ig gwaya war enep a'n dowzow. 

and {the) Spirit {of ) Ood did move t^on {the) face of the waters. 

3. Ha Dew a leverys, bydhens golow, hag ydh es^ golow. 
Jnd ffod {a-)9aidf let there he light, and it wm light. 

4. Ha Dew a welas an golow may fe da ; ha Dew a dhyberthas an golow dhewoith an tewolgow. 
And God {a')saw the light that it was good; and Ged {a')divided the light from the darknesi. 

5. Ha Dew a henwys an golow d^dh, ha*n tewolgow ef a henwys nds : ha'n gorthner ha'n 
And God {a')named the light day, and the dar knees he {a')named night: and the evening and the 

myttyn o an censa d^dh. 
morning were the first day, 

6. Ha Dew a leverys, bydhens ebren y'n creys a'n dowrow, ha gwrtes e dhybarthy an 
And God (a-)said, let there he {a)fi»mmnent in the midst of the waters, and let it {a')divide the 

dowrow dheworth an dowrow. 
waters from the waters. 

7. Ha Dew a wrCig an ebren, ha dhyberthas an dowrow ese yn dan an ebren dheworth 
And God did make the firmament, and divided the waters (which) were under the firmament from 

an dowrow esens a nch an ebren : hag yn delna ydh o. 
the waters (which) were above the firmament : amd in that manner it was. 

8. Ha Dew a henwys an ebren n^ : ha'n gorthner ha'n myttyn o an nessa d^dh. 
And God (a')named the firmament heaven : and the evening and the momtng were the second day. 

9* Ha Dew a leverys, bydhens an dowrow yn dan an nti cnntnllys warbarth dhe nn tylleri ha 
And God (a')said, let he the waters under the heaven gathered together to one place, and 
bydhens an t^ s^ch dyscudhys : hag yn delna ydh o. 
let he the land dry disclosed s and in that manner it was. 

Digitized by 



10. Ha Dew a henwys an t^ t^oh an nor, ha cimtelljanf warbarth a'n dowrow ef a henwys 
And God {a')named the land dry the earthy and (the) gathering together of the waters he {a')named 

m&T : ha Dew a welas may fe da. 
sea i and God (a-)«atr that it was good. 

11. Ha Dew a leyerys, gwr^na an n6r dry rag gwels, ^ losow ow tdn has, ha'n gw^dh 
jind God {a')saidf let the earth bring forth grasM, and herbs {a')bearing seed, and the trees 

ow t6n avalow warlerch aga echen, nth usy aga h^ ynne aga honan, war an ndr : hag 

{a')bearing fruits after their hind^ such as be {with) their seed in themselves, upon the earth: and 
yn dehia ydh o. 
in that manner it was. 

12. Ha'n n6r a dhros r&g gwels, an losow ow t6n has warlerch aga echen, ha'n gw^dh ow 
And the earth did bring forth grass, the herbs {a')bearing seed after their kind, and the trees («-) 

ton avalow, n^b usy aga hfts ynne aga honan warlerch aga echen; ha Dew a 

bearing fruits, such as be {with) their seed in themselves after their kind; and God (a-) 
welas may fe da. 

saw that it was good. 

18. Ha'n gorthner ha'n myttyn o an tressa d^dh. 
And the evening and the morning were the third day. 

14. Ha Dew aleverys, bydhens golowys y'n ebren nU dhe dhybarthy an d^dh dheworth 
And God {a')said, let there be lights in the firmament {of) heaven to divide the day from 

an nds, ha bydhens y r&g tayasow, ha rig termynyow, ha r&g dydhyow, ha r&g bledhynnow. 
the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and far years. 

15. Ha bydhens y r&g golowys y'n ebren ntf dhe rey golow war an n6r: hag yn 
And let them be for lights in the firmament {of ) heaven to give light upon the earth: and in 

delna ydh o. 
that manner it was. 

16. Ha Dew a wHig dew golow br&s; an brassa golow dhe rewlye an d^dh, ha'n behanna golow 
And God did make two ltght{s) greet ; the greater l%ght to rule the day, and the lesser light 

dhe rewlye an n6s ; ha'n st^r ef a's gwrCkg yn wMh. 
to rule the night ; and the stars he them made likewise. 

17. Ha Dew a's goras y*n ebren n^ dhe rey golow war an. n6r. 
And God them set in the firmament (of) heaven to give light upon the earth. 

18. Ha dhe rewlye an d^dh ha'n nds, ha dhe dhybarthy an golow dheworth an tewolgow, ha 
And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light from the darkness, and 

Dew a welas may fe da. 
God {a')saw that it was good. 

19. Ha'n gorthner ha'n myttyn o an peswer^ d^dh. 
And the evening and the morning were the fourth day. 

20. Ha Dew a leverys, gwr^ an dowrow dry r&g piir v&r an taclow iis ow gwaya gans 
And God {a')said, let the waters bring forth abundantly the things that be {a')moving with 

bewnansy hag edhyn dhe nyg6 dres an n6r al&s y'n ebren n&f, 

life, and fowl to fly above the earth abroad in the firmament {of ) heaven. 

Digitized by 



31. Ha Dew a wrAg an morvilow biAs, ha ceniver tra bew Us ow gwaja^ nib a r^g an' 

And God {a')ereated the whales great^ and every thing ahve that i$ {a')m(mng, which did the 

dowrow dry rAg piir vlr warlerch aga echen, ha ceniver edhen gans ascal warlerch hy echen ; 

watere bring forth abundantly after their kind, and every bird with wing after its hind; 

ha Dew a welas may fe da. 

and Ood {a-)eaw that it was good. 

22. Ha Dew a wrug aga benyge y, ha leverys, bydhouch luen a his, ha drouch r&g piir 

' And God did them bless and said^ be ye full of seed, and bring ye forfh abun^ 


vir, ha lenouch an dowrow y'n mdr, ha gwrlns an edhyn dry lAg pur vlr y'n ndr. 

dantly, and replenish the waters in the sea, and let the fowl inereaxe abundantly in the earth. 

23. Ha'n gorthuer ha'n myttyn o an pempes d^dh. 
And the evening and the morning were the fifth day, 

24. Ha De-F a leverys, gwrlns an n6r dry r&g an taclow bew warlerch aga echen, an lodnow. 
And Ged (a')said, let the earth bring fofth the things living after their kind, the cattle^ 

ha*n taclow cramyas, ha bentes a'n n6r warlerch aga echen; hag yn delna ydh o. 
and the things creeping, and beasts of the earth after their kind; and in that manner it was. 

26. Ha Dew a wHig bestes a'n n6r warlerch aga echen, ha'n lodnow warlerch aga echen, ha 

And God did make beasts of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and 

ceniver tra Hlb ow cramyae war an ndr, warlerch aga echen ; ha Dew a welas may 

every thing that is {a')creeping upon the earth, after their kind; and God (a')saw that 

fe da. 

it was good, 

26. Ha Dew a leverys, gwrin din yn agan del ny, warlerch agan havalder ; ha gwr^s y cemeres 
And God {a')said, let us make man in our likeness, after our similitude; and let him take 

gallos dres an pusces a'n mor, ha dres an edhen a'n ebren, ha dres an milyow, ha dres 
dominion over the fishen of the sea, and over the fowl of the sky, and over the cattle, and over 
ol an n6r, ha dres ceniver tra cramyas {^s ow cramyas war an n6r. 
all the earth, and over every thing creeping that is {a')ereeping upon the earth. 

27. Tn delna Dew a wriig din y'n havalder y honan, y'n havalder Dew ef a's grAg ; 
In that manner God {a')created man in the similitude of himself, in the likeness (of) God he him did make; 

gorrow ha benow ef a's gwriig. 
male and female he them made. 

28. Ha Dew a wr(ig aga benyge, ha Dew a leverys dhedh^, bydhouch luen a h&s, ha drouch rftg 

And God did them bless, and God {a')said to them, be ye full of seed, and bring ye forth 

p{^r vir, ha lenouch an n6r, ha bydhouch dresto; ha cemerouch gallos dres pusces 
abundantly, and replenish the earth, and be ye over it; and take ye dominion over {the) fishes 
a'n mor, ha dres an edhyn y'n ebren, ha dres ceniver tra vew ^s ow gwaya war 
of the sea, and over the fowl in the sky, and over every thing living that is (a')moving upon 
an n6r. 
the earth. 

Digitized by 



29. Ha Dew a leyerys. mirouch, yma reys genef vy dheuch ceniver losow aw t&n his, n^b te 

And God {a')8aidf behold, tktre is given by myself to you all herbs {a-ybsaring seod, tokieh h$ 

war ol an ndr, ha ceniyer gwedhen iia, an avalow a'n gwedhen ynny ow t6n Ms, 

upon aU the earthy and every tree that i#, the fruits of the tree in itself (a-^jbearing seed^ 

dheuch y f^dh lig boys. 

to you they shall be for meut, 

dO. Ha dhe oil an bestes a'n nor, ha dhe geniyer edhen a'n ebren, ha dhe geniyer tra 

And to all the beasts of the earthy and to every bird of the sky, and to every thing 

^B ow cramyas war an nor, us bewnans ynn6, yma reys genef ceniyer lusoan glls 

that is {a')creeping upon the earth, that is alive in it, there is given by me evtry herb green 

r&g boys, hag yn delna ydh o. 

far meat, and in that manner it was, 

81. Ha Dew a welas ceniyer tra ese gwreys ganso, ha mironch, ydh o ye p{^ dha ; ha'n gorthner 
And God {a')saw every thing was made by him, and behold^ it was very good; and the evening 
ha'n royttyn o an wheffes d^dh. 
and the morning were the sixth day. 


Pesad a'n Arluth ; po, Pader a^D Arluth. 

Prayer of the Lord; or, Pater ("or Patermsterj of the Lord. 

Agan Tfts, neb iis yn nM, bydhens nchellys dhe hanow, dins dhe walscor, dhe y&dh re bo gwreys 
Our Father^ who art in heaven, be hallowed thy name, come thy kingdom, thy wHl be done 
yn n6r cepar hag yn nAf. Ro dhynny hydhew.agan piib d^ bara. Ha gAf dhynny agan 
in earth like as in heaven. Give to us this day our every day bread. And forgioe to us our 
cammow, kepar del geyyn ny n^b iis ow camm^ er agan pyn ny. Ha na d6g ny 

trespasses, like as forgive we whoever be (a-) trespassing upon {us) to our disquiet. And do not lead us 
yn antel, m^s gw^ ny dheworth dr6o; r&g genes yw an mychtemeth, an creyder, ha'n 
mto danger, but delker us from evil; for with the is thee dominion, the power, and the 
wordhyans, i4g bysqnetti ha bysquetfa. 
ghry^ for ener and ever. 


Digitized by 



Creg-yans a'n Cannasow Cryst; 

Creed of the Messengers (of) Christ; 



An Creg'yans 



The Creed 

of the 


Creaaf yn Dew an T&s Olgallosec, gwrear a'n n6f ha'n ndr: Hag yn Ihesu 
/ believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of the heaven^ and the earth : And in Jeeue 
Gryst y nn mib, ef agan Arluth-ny : n^b a ve denythys dre an Spyrys Sans, genys a'n 
Ohriet hie only eon^ he our Lord: who wae {a-^eoncetved by the Spirit JEToly, horn of the 
Werohes Yary, a wodhevys yn dan Pontins Pilat, a ye orowsys, marow, hag ancledhys; Ef 
Virgin Mary, {a')8uffered under Pontius Pilate, was {a')eruoified, dead, and buried; Se 
a dhyescynnas dhe iffam ; an tressa d^dh ef a-dhedhoras dbeworth an marow ; bag a-esoynnas 
{a')deseended into heU; the third day he a-^ose from the dead; and ascended 

dhe'n n^f; hag yma ow-sedhe war dom dychow a'n T&s Olgallosec; alena ef a- 
into the heaven ; and there is {a-^eated on {the) hand right of the Father Almighty ; thence he wiU 
dhne dhe vrusy bew ha marow. Creaaf y'n Spyrys Saos; an Eglos Sans dres an 

e(nne to judge {the) quick and {the) dead. I believe in the Spirit Holy ; the Church Holy over the 
bys ; cowethyans a'n Sansow ; dewyllyans pechasow ; dedhoryans a'n corf ; ha'n bewnans 
world; communion of the Saints; forgiveness {of ) sins; resurrection of the body; and the Ufe 
hep dywedh. 
without end. 


Digitized by 



All Dec Arhadow ; 
The Ten Commands ; 


Au Dec Gorhemmynaclow Dew. 

The Ten Commandments (of) God. 

Dew a gewsys an genyow ma ha leverye; me yw an Arluth dhe Dhew, n^b a's dr6s 
Ood {a-) 9poke the tvord$ here and said; I am the Lord thy God, who you hnmgM^ 
dhe-y^8 a'n T^ Misraim, dhe-v^s a'n chy habadin, {aUas^ gwasanaeth.) 

away from the land Egypt ^ away from the house {of) bondage^ {or^ slavery.) 

1. Te ny's b^dh Dewyow erell m^B ve. 
To thee shall not be Gods other than me, 

3. Na wra dhys honan n£p del gravys, na havalder tra v^th, da yn nftf awartha, 

Make not to thy self any image graven^ nor likeness (of) anything that is in heaven above, 
po y'n n6r a-woles, po, y*n dour yn-dan an n6r. Na wra ty plegy dhe remma, na 
or in the earth below, or in the water under the earth. Do not thou bow down to these, nor 
'ga wordhy!§; rftg me an Arluth dhe Dhew yw Dew a-sor, hag avyn dry pechasow 
them worship ; for I the Lord thy God am {a) God of wrath and will bring stns 
a'n tasow war an flechys b^s an tressa ha'n peswere denythyans a'n n&b na'm 
of the fathers upon the children even to the third and the fourth generation of them who do not 
perfcho ve ; hag a vyn dyscudhe trueth dhe milyow a'n n^b ds ow-care, hag tkB 
honour me ; and will shew mercy unto thousands of them who be (a-) laving, and be 
ow-gwythe ow gorhemmynadow. 
(a-) keeping my commandments, 

8. Na wra cemeres hanow a'n Arluth dhe Dhew dhe scul, {alias, hep ethom,) i&g an Arluth 
Do not take {the) name of the Lord thy God to waste, { or, without need,) for the Lerd 
dhe Dhew ny yyn sensy e dip^h, n^b us cymeres y hanow of dhe soul, {alias, yn gw4g.) 
thy God will not hold him sinless, who is taking his name to waste, { or, in vain,) 

4. Perth cdf dhe gwyth^ sans an dydh Babboth; wh^h dydhyow te wra wh^ hag a wra 

Bear remembrance to keep holy the day sabbath, six days thou dost labour, and doest 

myns lis, dhys dhe w<il, m^s an sythves dydh yw an Sabboth a'n Arluth dhe Dhew. 

aU that is to the to do, bui the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God. 

Yn dydh-na te nyn echen a wh^l; te na dhe y4by na dhe verch, na dhe dh^ wh41, 

In that day thou not anything do; thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man servmU^ 

♦ Or, *' brought you.*' 

Digitized by 









na dlie vds whSl, na dhe lodnow, n'an dtn-nnoouth iis aberth dhe dharasow. Bag 

nor thy maid $ervatUf nor thy eattle, nor the itranyer that is within thy doors. For 

yn wb^ dydhyow Dew a wrtig an n^f , ba'n mdr, ha m^s (is, jnn^ y, ha powesas 

in six days Ood (a')ereated the heaven, and the sea, and aU that is therein, and rested 
an sythyes d^dh, hag a'n nchellas. 
the seventh day, and {a')haUowed it, 

5. Gwra perthy dhe dfts ha'th yarn ; may fo dhe dhydhyow h^ war an t^ Hb 
Do thou honour thy father and thy mother ; that may he thy days long upon the land that is 

reys dhys gans an Arluth dhe Dew. 
given to thee by the Lord thy Ood. 

6. Na wra ladh(; m4b-d^. 
Do not slay mankind. 

7. Na wra growedh6 gans gwric d^n-arall y^. 
Do not lie down with wife (of) another man ever. 


9, Na wra tye gow erbyn dhe gontreyec. 
Do not swear false against thy neighbour. 

10. Na cemer whans warlyrch ty dhe gontreyec, na cemer whans warlyrch gwrto 
Take not {a')longing after {the) house (of) thy neighbour, nor take {a')longing after {the) wife 

dhe gontrevee, na'y dh^n whM, na'y yds wh*l, na'y odion, na'y asen, na 

{of) thy neighbour, nor his man servant, nor his maid servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor 

tra yfth a'n pew ef. 

anything to own it^ 

Arluih, cemer tnieth ahanan, ha scr^ oil remma dhe arhadow aberth agan colonow, ny 
Lord, take pity of us, and write all these thy commands upon our hearts, we 

a'th pys. 

{a')pray thee. 

Oordhyans dhe'n T&s, ha dhe'n Mib, ha dhe^n Spyrys Sans. 
Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Spirit JSely. 

Cepar del ye y'n dalleth yma yn iir-ma, hag y f^dh b^-tranc hep waifen. 
Ztke as was in the beginning there is in this hour, and it shall be evermore without end. 

Qras agan Arlnth Ihesn Ghist, ha cerens^ Dew, ha cowethyans a'n Spyrys 

I7ie) graee (of) our lord Jesus Christ, and {the) love {of) Ood, and {the) fellowship of the Spirit 
Sans, re-bo genen ny oil b^s yenytha, 
Soly, be with us all ever, for ever. 

Amen. Tn delna re bo. 

Amen. In that manner be it. 

Digitized by 



DuBiKG the long period that the ancient Cornish language was gradually decaying, many names of farms, 
fields, hills, valleys, etc., underwent a curious change ; old Cornish names took an English form, and thm 
original meanings of many of them have heen completely lost. 

Under this process the old words have assumed a phonetic disguise in English, and Celtic Cornish names, 
which are very descriptive, and were easily understood by the old Cornish people, have become quite meta- 
morphosed by English use and interpretation. 

The following list is given as an illustration of the constancy with which names are handed down from, 
generation to generation. It will, however, be seen that such names, permanent as they are in themselves, rapidlj 
lose their true signification when they become a part of another language. Such has been the fate of a very larg» 
number of Celtic Cornish names of places. 

In the examples given below, the definitions are mostly according to Dr. Bannister, but with some varia- 
tions. (See his Glossary of Cornish Names.) 

Although many names of places admit of various explanations, yet the following list will afford singnlar 
instances of the phonetic changes of Oomish names into English — a mere glance will show how utterly 
different the English names are from the Celtic Cornish terms and meanings. All the words in the following 
list have been compared with those of the AreJusologia Comu-Britannica of Pryce, and the Lexicon ComU' 
Britannieum of Williams. The spelling of the latter has been generally followed. 

Abbow Pabk. — Oarow Park. The rough park or field : from garoWy rough, pare^ a field or dose. 

Baochus Pabk. — Bagas Park. The bush park or field : from hagas, bush, pare^ a field or close. 

Baoon Pabk. — Beckon Park. The little park or field : from beehan, little, small, parCy a field or close. 

Babbabt. — Bar hre. The top of the hill : from bar^ the top or summit, bre a hill, a mountain. 

Bbaole Moob. — Bigal Moor. The shepherd's moor or common : from bigal^ shepherd. 

BxAV Pabk. — Bykan Park. The little park or field : from byhan^ little, small, pare^ a field. 

Bnxows Field. — Pile% Field. The bare field : from pile%y bare, bald. 

Bliss Park. — Pilet Park. The bare or barren field : from pilH, bare, bald. 

Blue Pabk. — Pleto Park. The parish park or field : from pleto, parish, pare, a close or field. 

Bolstbb — Bol tit. The earth pit : from bol, a pit, a hole, tir, land, earth, soil, ground. 

Soirr — A Celtic Cornish word for an axe, a hatchet. 

Boost. — Boudihi, A cow-house. 

Bbaitdt. — Branty, The crow's house : from bran^ a crow, ty or ti, a house. 

BuoLi Ink. — Bugel Inn. The herdsman's or shepherd's inn : from bugel, a herdsman or shepherd. 

Button. — Bod oon. The dwelling-house on the down or common : from bod, a dwelling-house, oon or gunm^ a 

down, common, or field. 
Camel Field. — Camtnen Field. The path field: from camtnenf a way, a path; or, the chamomile fielcL 

Chamomile flowers are called camels in Cornwall. 
Caitb Pabk.— X«n Park. The ridge park or field : from kein, the ridge of a hill, pare, a field. 
Cavil Closb. — Kevil Close. The horse field : from kevil, a horse. 

Digitized by 



Chaithel Csofi. — Tihei an hal Croft. The moor-house croft : from Uhei^ hoase, hal^ moor, 

Chi5 Pars. — Chy wyn Park. The white house park or field : from rAy, house, wyn, white, parc^ a field. 

Coal Pabk. — Cool Park. The cabhage close or field : from caol or eatd, cabbage, pare^ a close or field. 

Cod Pars. — Coid Park. The wood close or field : from coid, a wood. 

Cold H aebottb. — Col ar hurg. The narrow neck over the camp : from eol^ a neck, ar, over, aboye, upon. 

Comb to Good. — Cum ty eoed. The wood house valley : from cum, valley, ty or ^t, house, eoed, a wood» 

CoHET Eak. — Otwi y hir. The long down or common : from y^on, a down, hir^ long. 

CoBiTHiLL. — Cam haul. The sun rock : from cam, a rock, heui, the sun. 

Cotton. — Coit oon. The down or commons wood : from eoit or eosd^ wood, oon, goon, or «hJ», a down. 

Cbacxbr. — Carrag Mr, The long stone : from carrag. a rock or stone, hir, long. 

Cut Park. — Coit Park. The wood park or field : from ooid, coid, ooei, or euit, a wood, pare, a fields 

Dabkit. — Dour chy, Water house : from dour, water, My, a house. 

Dice Meadow. — J)i% Meadow. The people's meadow : from dt$ or di%, the people. 

Dinah's Hill. — Dtnas Hill. The fort hill : from dina^, a fort, fortress, fortified town, a city. 

Dipper Park. — Dippa Park. The pit close or field : from dippa, a pit, pare, a field 

Door Dowif8.-^2)ottr Downs. Water downs : from dour^ water. 

Dorcas. — Dor eus. The forest or wood land : from dor, land, cus, a forest. 

Dower Park. — Dour Park. The water park or field : from dour, water, pare, a field. 

Drt Field. — Adrd Field. The home field : from adri, homewards. 

GArjx)W8 Park — Golez Park. The lowest, or bottom close or field : from gol4M or gole%, the bottom, the lowest 

Gold Arrows. — Gweal daraa. The field by the door : from gweal, field, daras, door. 
Good Grace. — Coed ores. The middle wood : from coed, a wood, erSs, middle. 
GK)OSE FoKD. — CUs/ordh. The way by the wood : from eiU, wood, fordh, a way. 
Groan Field. Orou? or growan Field. The sand field : from grow or growan, sand, gravel. 
Grouse Croft. — Crows Croft. The cross field : from crown, a cross. 
Gruvbler. — Gramhla, A climbing place : from gramhla, to climb. 

Gttll's Park. — GoUs Park. The bottom close or field : from goUs^ the bottom, the lowest part. 
Gun. — Goon. The d6wn or common. 

Gun Park. — Goon Park. The down park or common : from goon, a down, pare, a field or close. 
Gun Pool. — Goon Pool. The down pool, or pool on the common : iiom goon, down or common, poh pond, 

pool, stagnant water. 
Hawkey's Praise. — Hawkey's prdB, Hawkey's meadow : from prdjs, a meadow. 
Kissing ('losb. — Kenan Close. The turf close, or fifld : from ksnan, a turf, a sod. 
Lawtbr. — Lau hir. Long hand : from lau, hand AiV, long. 

Laugher. — Lan veor. The great enclosure : from Ian, in closure (also, a church), veor, great. 
LosTWiTHiEL. — Les uthiel, or likel. The high court or hall : from lee, a court, a hall, uthiel, uthell, uhei, hi^. 
Maiden Bower. — Maen veur. The great stone : from maen, stone, veur, great. 
Manacles. — Maen eglos. The church rock : from tnaen, rock or stone, egloe, church. 
Man of War. — Maen veur. The great stone : from maen stone, veur, great. 
Men Park. — Maen Park. The stone park or field : from maen, a stone, pare, a close or field. 
Mbrrt Maidens. — 3/eur meyn. The great stones: from meur, great, meyn, stones. 
Ndib Maidens. --Naw meyn. The nine stones : from naw, nine, meyn, stones. 
One and All (a place so named). — Gwon an hal. The moor field : from gwon, field, hdl, a moor. 
One Field. — Oon field. The down field : from oon or goon, a down or common. 

Digitized by 



Pabslet (Park). — Park iseUa. The lower field or close : from pare, a field, iMiZei, lower. 

Paxil Pbt. — Pol Pry. Muddy p'»ol : Xvom pol^ pool, pri or pry, earth, clay. 

Pbach Field — Bech field. The little field : from hechan, little, small. 

Pinky Ball. — Pen y Bal, The head of the mine : from pen, head, extremity, summit, 3a/, a mine, a parcel 

of Tinworks. 
pBNmr-ooME^uicx. — Pen y cum gwic. The head (or end) of the creek-coomb : from pen, the head or end, 

eum^ a coomb or Talley, and gwic^ a creek or inlet of the sea. 
PsBiCLKs Cots. — Porth eylos Cove. The church cove : from porth, a port, a bay, eglos, a church. 
Pitch Pabk. — Bech Park. The little field or close : from hechan, little, small. 

Platee. — Pol heir. The battle pool ; or Pol hir, the long pool : from pol^ a pool, heir^ battle, or Air, long. 
Poll Beakbt. — Pol bran ti. The crow house pool ; from pal, a pool, bran, a crow, ti or ty, a house. 
Poll Beown. — P§1 bruin. The rush pool : from pal, a pool, bruin, a rush. 
Policy. — Pol Issey. St. Issey's pool. 

Poll Paex. — Pol pare. The field pool : from pol, a pool, pare, a close or field. 
Poll Pey. — Poll pri. Muddy pool : from pol, pool, pri, clay or mud. 

Poll Quick. — Pol ywic. The village pool or creek : from pol, a pool, ywie, a village, a creek. 
Poll Kose. — Pol roe. The wheel pit : from pol, a pit, roe, a wheel. 
Peoclaih. — Pare clam. The footbridge field : from pare, a field, clam, a footbridge. 
Pull Maik. — Pol maen The stone pit : from pol, a pit, maen, a stone. 
PuaoATOEY. — Pare a dourie. The watery park or field : from pare, field, dour, water. 
Puesb Hill. — Pare isal. The low close or field : from pare, a field, isal, low. 
PuBSEY. — Pa$ Hay. The post close : from pos, a post. 

Queen Pabk. — 6win Park. The white field : from pare, a field, ywin, white. 
Beadee. — Bid hir. The long ford : from rtd or ryd, a ford, htr, long. 
Kbd Tye. — Ridty, The house ford : from rid or ryd, a ford, iy, a house. 
Rosy. — Roe hay. The net field : from roe, a net. 
Shake's Moob. — Shag's moor : from shagga, a shag or cormorant. 
Sedt Field.— -ft«j^n Field. The sedge field : from heehen, sedge. 
Tab Pabk. — Dar Park. The oak close or field : from dor, an oak tree. 
Tinkeb's Lake.— ^ix« caer Lake. The fire castle lake : from tan, fire, eaer, a castle. 
Toddy Well. — The tadpole well ; from the provincial word tomtoddy, a tadpole. 
Tby Cobkeb Field. — Tri Comer Field. Three comer field : from tri, three. 
TuBKEY VAXK,^Lourgi Park. The otter close or field : from dourgi, an otter, pare^ a field. 
Tttbnatobb — Tur an veur. The great tower : from tur, a tower, veur, great. 
TuBH A Penny. — Turnupan Hay. The turnip field : from iurnupan, a turnip. 
Well Man. — Oweal mam. The stone field : from gweal, a field, maen, a stone. 
Weistle^Pabk. leel Park. The low field : from ieel, low, pare, a close or field. 

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To the Puhliih&r of th$ Camhrtan Journal. 

LoHDON, Nov. 80, 1861. 
Deab Sib, 

When you asked me some time ago to send you some papers on the Celtic Languages, I promised on 
the first occasion when I had a leisure moment to comply with your wish. My intention was to send you a 
very particularized description of a previous manuscript containing a Cornish Yocahulary hy Tonkin and 
Gwavas, the same that Pryce unscrupulously printed at Sherborne, in 1790 under his own name, and whose 
real performance took place at least fifty years previously. This manuscript is preceded by a very interesting 
correspondence between Tonkin and Gwavas on the Cornish language, as it was still spoken in their time in 
some of the western parishes of Cornwall, and would not fail to give great pleasure to every one that takes 
interest in the Celtic and particularly in the Cornish literature. 

Still, as I have no immediate prospect of printing the aforesaid valuable correspondence, and as the 
production of the evidence of the plagiate of Pryce is by itself a rather interesting bibliographical &ct, £ 
hope you will excuse me, if for the present I limit myself to send you an exact copy of the dedication of 
Tonkin to Gwavas, preceding his Vocabulary, which your numerous readers may compare with Pryce's 

You will perceive by the terms in which the dedication of Tonkin is couched, the contrast between the 
unassuming style of one of the real authors, and the conceited one of the self-styled. 

Had Mr. Edwin Norris, the clever Editor of the Cornish Dramas, seen the whole of the Preface in 
question when I had the pleasure to point out to him in my library the plagiate of Mr. Pryce, I do not doubt 
that he would not have attributed to the celebrated Lhuyd the authorship of this work. 

And believe me, yours sincerely, 


2o William Otoavas of OtoavaSf in the County of Cornwall E$quir$. 
Dbab SiB| 

In dedicating the two following articles to you, vis.. Title YIH, A collection of modern Cornish 
Pieces — and, Title IX, A Cornish Vocabulary — I do but in a manner restore to you what in a great measure 
belonged to you before, since 'tis what you ha?e, in the first of these, for the best and greatest part, supply'd 
me with out of your own store and compositions ; and as for the latter, vi%. The Vocabulary, I must always 
acknowledge that without your kind assistance, I should never have been able to have gone through with it, 
especially in the Modem or Vulgar Cornish. It is therefore but common justice to lay before you these 
parts of the present undertaking, in which you have so large a share, and to whom must be owing their 
appearing, if not in perfection, at least without any great and notorious errors. I wish indeed it had been in 

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either of our powers to have made the Yooahulary more compleat : but such as it is, I fear it is the utmost 
that can be done in it. There are, that ever I could here of, no other Cornish manuscripts to be mett with 
any where, than those which are published in this present volume, out of which I have extracted those words 
in the Vocabulary, which are to be found in them, and to which I have severally refer'd in my quotations. 
And as for the vulgar Cornish now spoken (except what I have taken out of Mr. Lhuyd's ArchsBologia) it is 
reduced to such a small nook of the country, and t liose ancient persons that still speak it, are even there so 
few, the language itself so corrupted, and they too for the most part such illiterate people, that I cannot 
sufficiently commend your great industry in gathering together so much of it, and that so correct, as you have 
now enabled me to set forth; since, what it has been my fortune to collect myself has been so little in comparison, 
as not to deserve the naming separately. I may add too, that very few of those that speak the langtiage, can 
give any tolerable account of the orthography, much less of the etymology, or derivation of those words which 
they make use of, and are many times apt to jumble two or three words together, making but one of them all, 
tho' they pronounce them rightly enough. Of this you were pleased to give me lately some instances — as in 
merastaduy which they thus pronounce in one breath, as if it had been but one word, whereas it is a contrac- 
tion of four, tneor Va« tha Dew, much thanks to God, and anciently written, maur groi tha Deu^ and merastatoky, 
much thanks to you, a contraction of meor Vai tha why. 

If there had been the least prospect left of recovering Mr. Lhuyd's papers, especially his Cornish 
Vocabulary (which he tells us in his ArchsBologia pag. 253. he had by him ready for the press) I should have 
defer'd the publishing this, yet for some time longer ; but as I have long since given over my hopes of it, so I 
doubt the death of S'. Thomas Sebright* (in whose hands, you know, all Mr, Lhuyd's manuscript colleclions . 
were) will put a full end to those, which you had so justly conceiv'd from S'. W*. Care w's late promises to you, 
and the fresh assurance of his assistance in procuring them for you, the heir being a minor of tender years, and 
the difficulties which attend such a state, from trustees, &®., not leaving you any probability of suceeding in it. 
And here I cannot forbear bewailing my own misfortune in having, by being imposed upon myself, been in a 
great degree the occasion of his delaying the publication of it which you will find a hint of in one of his 
letters, p. 49, and my remark under it, since I was the person who gave him the information mentioned in the 
preface to his Archesologia, '' that a gentleman near Truro was composing a Cornish Vocabulary/' and had 
" some thoughts ef publishing it." — And indeed being then but young, and wholly a stranger to his character, 
I believed his mighty pretences, which I had soon reason to repent of. — But I shall forbear saying any more 
in this place, for I have not corresponded with him for these many years, and shall only give him this 
friendly admonition, that, if he still entertains thoughts of publishing his An Laymer ay JTemotCy and (what 
he calls) his Parochial Antiquities of Cornwall, he would do well to have them carefully revis'd by some learned 
discreet persons, especially the latter, which the late very ingenious Dr. Kestell, not long before his death, 
telliog me he had seen, was pleas*d to add of it (altering only one word) that noted saying of Juvenal. 

Quioquid errant homines • 

- Nostri est farrago lib«llL 

For^ said the Doctor, he has scraped togethtr all the xcandal, ordure ^ and filth that he could possibly meet with of any 
person or family. — 

This disappointment to the learned, and curious in ancient languages, which I was so inadvertently the 
occasion of, has made me the more desirous of endeavouring at some amends for it ; and since both those pieces 
have pass'd under your correction and review, I flatter myself that they will be candidly receiv'd by the 
publick, especially our own countrymen, for whom this whole collections chiefly design'd, and that, since you 
have so kindly lent me your helping hand, they may in some measure supply the loss of what we had, with 
confidence, reason to expect from that most learned and judicious antiquary. — 

iHe died April the lltb, 1736. 

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I have in my preface in the beginning gi^en an account of the present undertaking , and the reasons 
which induced me to print it. and shall therefore detain you no longer than to return you my thanks for all 
your favors and to subscribe my self, 

Dear Sir, Your very affectionate humble servant, 

Tho : ToNKDr. 
Pol Gorran, July f 19'>» 


The following is the concluding part of Pryce's preface : — 

" As for the vulgar Cornish now spoken, it is so confined to the extremest comer of the county, and those 
ancient persons who still pretend to jabber it, are even there so few ; the speech itself is so corrupted, and 
the people, too, for the most part, are so illiterate, that I cannot but wonder at my patience, and assume some 
merit to myself, for my singular industry in collecting the words which I have accumulated from oral 
intelligence, especially, as hardly any of the persons whom I have consulted, could give a tolerable account of 
the orthography, much less of the etymology, or derivation of those words which they use ; for they often join, 
or rather run, two or three words together, making but one of them all, though their pronunciation is 
generally correct, as, for instance, '* Mercufadu,^^ which they pronounce in one breath, as if it were a single 
word, whereas it is a contraction of four, •' Meor ^rat tha iMw,'^ many thanks to God, anciently written, 
** Maur gran tha T>3U>y^ and, ** Mitaatawlty y many thanks to you, a contraction of ** Maw Wa% tha whyP 

As the above letter of Prince L. L. Bonaparte contains only a part of Pryce's preface, it will be more 
fair to Pryce to give the whole. A verbation copy of the preface to the Archasologia Comu-Britannioa is 
therefore inserted here to serve as Pryce's defence, and also because of the information the preface contains. 
It is very probable that there were more words and phrases of the ancient language of Cornwall known, and used 
about a century ago. than Prince L. L. Bonaparte seems to be aware of. This may be the reason why Pryce felt 
justified in appropriating what Tonkin wrote to Gwavas, applying the words to his own time, about 1790. 
Even now there are men living (Mr. Bernard Victor, of Moushole, and Mr. W. F. Pentreath, of Newquay, to 
wit), who know many Cornish words quite apurt from books ; words which have been handed down, and are 
not t-et dead. Furthermore, the Conjish dialect is to this day full of Celtic Cornish words. But let Pryce's 
preface speak for itself. 

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1 own it may appear unnecessary to the learned at this period to attempt an investigation of the high 
antiquity of the British language, of which the Cornish is most incontestably a very pure dialect. The 
subject hath been already successfully treated by many diligent and able writers, to the entire satisfaction of 
those who delight in researches of this kind. 

Yet, it must be acknowledged, that a local inquiry and disquisition into the antiquity of our Comu-Biitiah 
language has not been so particularly attended to as it deserves. And as the discovery of an original language 
is the first and leading step to the progressional examination of all other antiquities of a country, it follows of 
course, that the oldest tongue ought to be studied and understood previously to our entering upon the remains 
of less remote ages. 

On this consideration I am inclined to believe, that a work of this tendency will be very acceptable, both 
to the Antiquarian and the Philologist ; especially as I can safely assert, that the old Cornish- British, which 
k here distinguiFhed very precisely from the modem Cornish dialect, is the most pure and nearest the 
original of any speech now used in Armorica, or the northern provinces of France, Great Britain, and Ireland. 

The C'hHldean, Syriac, Egyptian, Arabic, Phenician, Celtic, Gaulish, "Welsh, and Cornish languages are all 
derived from the original Hebrew tongue ; and in their descent one from the other, in travelling from the East 
to the West, have branched themselves into so many different dialects from one and the same root. 

The Hebrew and Chaldee are very nearly the same ; and the Syriac is next to the latter. The former 
flourished from the beginning of the world to the Babylonish captivity, 340U years : But in our Saviour's 
time the Jews spoke the Syriac language, and Christ and his Apostles conversed in it. 

As from the Hebrews to the Canaanites or Phenicians, so from the Pheiiicians to the Greeks came letters 
and arts : And accordingly, from the Phenician character, the Greeks appear to have composed their letters, 
and the Latins progressively from the Greeks. 

So likewise, our ancient and true Cornish appears to be mostly derived from the Greek and old Latin 
tongues, as it participates much of their cadence and softness, with less of the guttural harshness peculiar to 
the Hebrew and Chaldee. This is the more easily accounted for, as the Phenicians, about the time of the 
Trojan war, first discovered the Scilly Islands, and the western shores of Cornwall ; with the natives of which 
they traded for tin, and sold it to the Greeks. The language at that time spoken in other parts of this island, 
having travelled across a vast continent, was compounded and impure, and therefore we may boldly infer, that 
the superior purity of the ancient Cornish is chiefly to be ascribed to its genuine introduction from the shores 
of Greece and Sidon. 

It is affirmed by writers, that the inland parts of our island were first planted from the German continent, 
about eight hundred years after the Flood, and not from the Gauls : And indeed it is very possible that the 
body of the south-western part of the island was peopled from the Belgic, and Gaulish countries both, on 
account of their propinquity to our opposite coasts and inlets of safety. Nevertheless, our dialect in Cornwall 

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must certainly have obtained that purity, tor which it is celebrated, from its immediate introduction by the 
Phenician navigators ; especially as the character and orthography are so greatly softened and the language is 
divested of that rough guttural pronunciation, which is retained to this time by the Cambro- Britons. In fact| 
the Cornish and the Armoric dialects are the most nearly allied in character, orthography, and sound, of any 
two of the British dialects. The Welsh, Irish, and Erse differ from each other greatly ; and the two latter 
differ from the Cornish and Gaulish very much. Indeed the Welsh is closely related to us, and would appear 
more so, if it were deprived of those numerous combinations of consonants, with which it is, to us, perplexed 
and entangled. 

Hence we may easily account for the similarity existing between the Cornish and Armoric-British ;. for the 
coasts of Bretagne, Normandy, and Picardy, are opposite to the shores of Cornwall, Devon, &c., so that the 
first commercial discoverers of those lands, in their sailing up the British Channel, had equal opportunities of 
communicating their Grecian and Roman dialects of the Syriac root. This is evidenced by the colloquial 
resemblance to this day subsisting betwixt the Cornish on tbe south-western margin of the county, and their 
opposite neighbours at Morlaix, and other parts of Bas Bretagne, where the low French and the Cornish seem 
almost one and the same dialect. If i had not been otherwise well apprized of this fact, yet my opinion 
would have been confirmed by what I have heard from a very old man now living at Moushole, near Penzance, 
who, I believe, is, at this time, the only person capable of holding half an hour's conversation on common 
subjects in the Cornish tongue. He tells me, that above threescore years ago, being at Morlaix on board a 
smuggling cutter, and the only time he was ever there, he was ordered on shore with another young man to 
buy some greens, and not knowing a word of French, as he thought, he was much surprised to find that he 
understood a great part of the conversation of some boys at play in the street ; and upon further inquiry, he 
found that he could make known all his wants in Cornish, and be better understood than he could be at home, 
when he used that dialect. I am well satisfied of the fact, as he is quite an illiterate man, and could have 
neither the temptation nor the ingenuity to invent a story so useless to himself. 

So many centuries having elapsed since the ancient and true dialect hath been spoken, it is now become 
altogether obsolete, if not totally dead. I have therefore made a distinction between the ancient and modem 
Cornish in some pieces, such as the Creed, Lord's Prayer, Proper Names of Places,^ &c., as more notorious and 
useful for critical inspection : And in the Vocabulary throughout, I have sedulously preferred and extracted 
from the MSS. which I have collected, all the ancient Cornish I could find in them, divested of Saxon words 
with Cornish accents and terminations, imposed by oral and illiterate tradition. 

The old British language being superseded by the adoption and general cultivation of the Teutonic or Saxon 
tongue, in process of time became unintelligible and useless in the body and bulk of this island, whence it 
was driven to the borders and extremities, such as Scotland, Wales, and Cornwall, where it still maintains a 
reverence and footing among the respective inhabitants, in the dress of differing dialects. Indeed, the 
veneration in which it is held in Wales is sufficiently shewn by the preservation of it among the natives ; 
many thousands of the peasantry scarcely knowing how to make themselves understood in the Saxon or 

To such a height of enthusiasm is it revered by many of the inland inhabitants, that they hold all other 
speech in the utmost contempt ; preferring their own predilection with the most stubborn perverscness. and 
shunning in the most contumaceous manner every sort of interlocution and communion with any other tongue, 
till overcome by the pressure of their necessities, and the unavoidable intercourse of mankind in trade and 

Had the Cornish been equally pertinacious with them, wo should not have had reason to lament the loss of 
our native language for those many ages during which it has been almost sunk into oblivion among us, but 

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such has been the neglect of our ancestors, and the depredation of time, that our primitive speech was nearij 
annihilated before the Art of Printing could perpetuate' the memory of it to posterity. 

So habitually inattentive were they, that many years after the discovery of this Art, they never adverted 
to the preservation of the MSS. in their language, so that the only MS. extant, was that found in the Cotton 
Library, now about 800 years old, from which time no other MS. appears, till about the fifteenth century, 
when we meet with one, which exhibits three Ordinalla or Interludes taken from Holy Writ: — I. th 
Origine mundi ; 2. Of the passion of our Lord; S. Of the liesurreetion. The originals of these are all in 
the Bodleian Library ; as likewise one Ordinale, Of the creation of the world and the deluge, by William 
Jordan, of Hellaston, anno 1611. The 5th and last book is a poem, entitled Mount Calvary, On the passion 
tod resurrection of our Lord and Saviour. This MS. written on vellum, was given by Mr. Anstis, Garter 
King at Arms, to Mr. Lhuyd ; but when or by what author it was written is wholly uncertain, though this 
copy, by the hand writing, may also be attributed to the fifteenth century. 

The late Rev. Dr. William Borlase, my learned friend and relation, received a copy of this poem (which is 
the best of the whole in the Cornish tongue) from the B«v. Dr. Lyttleton, Dean of Exeter, afterwards Bishop 
of Carlisle ; which was written under the direction of Mr. Scawen, of Molinick, who says ** That he had long 
had a proposal and a desire for the recovery of our primitive tongue ; and that at the last assizes, 1678, that 
he was able to be at in Launceston to perform his duty to his King and country, there in the Judges' chambers 
happened some speech to be of things memorable in Cornwall, and particularly concerning the ancient Corn- 
ish tongue ; for the loss or decay whereof Sir Francis North, then Lord Chief Justice, afterwards Lord 
Keeper, seemed to be concerned ; blaming us all then present ; Enquiring also whether there were anything 
written in it now remaining. I told his Lordship, I had an old Cornish piece long in my keeping, nz., The 
passion of Christ described in Cornish heroic metre. His Lordship was earnest for a sight of it. This, 
spoken by such a person, a stranger to our country (and 1 having thereupon promised it to him, at his next 
coming in circuit) it put me into more serious thoughts concerning it than formerly. 

'' Accordingly I prepared it with some additions thereon, as well as I could, (without help of fit books, 
and men living, and good associates by me), but then by reason of grievous infirmities grown upon me, in the 
mean time, expressed by syncopes and other distempers. I was not able to present it to his Lordship as I 
intended ; together with the discourse which takes its rise from the aforementioned conference in 1678, since 
which time it hath layen upon my hands. 

•* I do not know any Cornish. writing else extant, and this hath been a long time reserved by me as a 
precious relict.* How ancient it is may be in part guessed at, but not clearly made out by demonstration. 
But as to the speech itself preserved in this wfiting, it is such as the common speakers of ♦he Cornish now 
used here, and in Wales, and Armorica do not understand it ; nor any but such as will be studious in it : No 
more, than the common speakers of the vulgar tongue of the Greeks do at this day Homer's Iliads. Words 
of one another, *tis true, all those three sorts of people do understand alternately ; not all. but mostly such as 
are radical. Colloquies of one another they do not enjoy, nor distinguish the several dialects ; and least of all 
do our common speakers understand this MS. but such of them as, upon study, come to the knowledge of it, 
commend the elegancy thereof extremely. 

'' If I should say, that these endeavours of mine, would be totally useful and successful to the recovery 
of the speech, as ill qualified as I am, I know well it must be thought more vain and censurable in me, now at 
84, than it was in Tully to attempt the Greek tongue at 60 years. For me it wiU suffice me, if I do but, ho& 
digito monstrara viam,^^ 

* By this it appears, that Mr. Scawen had never seen the plays before mentioned.— ^ifote bp Prpee.) 

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Unfortunately this was the case ; for in the same year, that worthy old gentleman departed this life, and 
left his papers on our subject in a very disordered condition, together with several others on Stannary business, 
he being also Vice- Warden of the Stannaries many years before his death. 

Here a pause succeeds to any further inquiries into our subject for more than twenty years ; when Mr. 
Lhuyd coming into Cornwall professedly on this business, it made Mr. Tonkin, Mr. Eeigwin| Mr. Gwavas, and 
eeveral other Cornish gentlemen, very solicitous to promote his success, by all the assistance in their power, 
which was not inconsiderable, as from a strong pUspossession in favour of their native language, they were 
exceedingly zealous in the cause, and diligent in their endeavours to restore this object of their veneration to 
its former honours. Accordingly we find in the correspondence of Mr. Lhuyd and Mr. Tonkin, about the 
commencement of the present century, that Mr. Lhuyd had gone great lengths towards the formation of a 
Cornish-British Vocabulary, as he says at the end of his Cornish Grammar, p. 25.S. — ^That looking over the 
sheets of his said Grammar he must recall the promise made in his preface, p. 222, of a Cornish-English 
Vocabulary, there being no room for it in that Volume of Glossography, and therefore must defer it 'till the 
next. Mr. Lhuyd's death about the year 1709 frustrated his pood intention, which must have been the 
greatest loss to this pursuit that it ever had, or ever will meet with, on account of his profound learning and 
singular attachment to the recovery of our primitive language. Li his hands, particularly fitted as he was for 
the undertaking, and supplied with every essential article of erudition from surrounding libraries, not only the 
recovery of this dialect would have been affected, but it would have been adorned with every elegancy and 
improvement, from the unceasing labours of such a consummate Philologist. 

Soon after the death of Mr, Lhuy<l, all his MS. collections were surrendered to the custody of Sir Thomas 
Sebright, who died in 1736. His heir being a minor of tender years, and the trustees unmindful of such 
things as were not obviously and immediately connected with the benefit of their charge, those collections 
were eventually buried, and lost to all future publick inspection.* 

Here I should observe also that about the 15th year of this century, the publick expectation was turned 
towards Mr. Hals^ of Fenton Gymps, who professed u warm affection for the dialect of his country and took 
uncommon pains to heap together a mass of words which he entitled Lhadymer ay Kernow^ or the Cornish 
Interpreter ; which I discovered, some years since, by certain notices found among Mr. Tonkin's writings, Uf 
be in the custody of the Rev. Henry Hawkins Tremayne. Mr. Tremayne, on my application, found the MS. 
and lent it to me for a considerable time. 

Mr. Hals's Lhadymer is a most strange hodge-podge of Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and British words, con- 
fusedly heaped together, and in such a manner as not only to shew his want of method, but also to expose his 
great deficiency in those learned languages, which he lugged in to support and illustrate his etymology ; it 
being common with him to write Tempore regnum Augmtm; ostium fluviue, &c. Indeed all his knowledge of 
those languages appears to have been derived from some books, with which he was furnished by his first wife, 
the widow of one Code, a schoolmaster of St. Wenn. However, as this farrago contained some intelligence 
not unworthy my notice, I took particular care to Relert all that was valuable and proper for my purpose. 

About the time of Mr. Lhuyd's demise. Messrs. Tonkin. Keigwin, and Gwavas, with other associates, 
kept up a correspondence in their native tongue, as well as they could, by collecting all the mottoes, proverbs, 
and idioms, on which they could lay their hands. 

In this collection Mr. Tonkin took the lead, being determined to publish a Cornish Word-Book in his then 
proposed History and Antiquities of Cornwall illustrated, in three volumes, quarto. But being a person of a 

* It may not be too late even now to reoover the lost or '' buried " papers left by Lhnyd. I do not know that any ttrict 
search has ever been made. Will the Philological Society make an effort for thii purpose ? F. W.P.J. 

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desultory tarn, and meeting wita many vexationa and difficulties in the world, he died before he had com- 
pleated the work. He left, indeed* a largd mass of MS. books, but thej were thrown together without any 
sort of order or connection. Had this gentleman been as happy and steady in his dispontion, as he was 
distinguished by his learning and genius, his abilities would have ensured applause far superior to the coldness 
of simple approbation. 

Mr. Tonkin was assisted in his undertaking by the critical knowledge and industry of William GwaYas^ 
Esq., who was indefatigable in collecting and ascertaining words for his use and arrangement. Mr. Martin 
Keigwin likewise, and his son Mr. John Eeigwin, both inhabitants of the little fishing village of Mousbole, 
and who had sucked in the broken dialect with their milk, were ready upon all occasions to clear up any 
doubts that might arise, and were generally fortunate in removing those difficulties, which embarrassed the 
other gentlemen. 

The result of this coalition was an alphabetical arrangement of words ; not, however, in the manner ol 
the Vocabulary found in the Cotton Library, which is exceedingly devious and irregular, being written 
throughout in continued lines, without any respect to order and verbal distribution. In consequence of the 
death of Mr. Tonkin, this collection must have lain some time subject to the caprice of his descendants, 
who were illiterate women, and was therefore liable to much loss and mutilation, till it was taken into tha 
protection of the late Robert Hoblyn, of Nanswhidden, Esq., in whose celebrated library it met with a safe 
asylum. It was afterwards taken thence, and committed to my trust by favour of the late John Quicke, Esq., 
who married the relict of Mr. Hoblyn, and who, with reiterated expressions of his wish to see it warmed into 
life, consigned it to my care for correction, additions, and publication ; to which end I pledged my diligence 
and application, with whatever assistance I could procure from the MSS. before mentioned, together with some 
detached papers from Mrs. Veal, the daughter of Mr. Gwavas ; from Mrs. Mary TJstick, the widow of the 
Eev. Henry Ustick, of Breage ; and from the papers of Mr. John Bosons, of Newlyn. I also applied to Miss 
Foss, the representative of her grandfather, Thomas Tonkin, Esq., for the use of his other MSS. to which I 
had access, and from which I extracted all that I could find valuable in that rich mass of indigested materials. 

The manuscript ground-work of my undertaking being thus acknowledged, I must also confess my implicit 
submission to the works of Mr. Lhuyd, and of the late Dr. Wm. Borlase, who, in the interval betwixt the 
death of Mr. Tonkin, and his papers being delivered into my custody, published at the end of his AntiquiiiM 
of Cornwall an epitomised Vocabulary, which has furnished a few useful additions to my larger collection. It 
is likewise with singular satisfaction that 1 acknowledge my obligations to the Rev, Mr. Whitaker, of Ruan 
Lanyhom, for his communications, and his criticisms on the British language ; a Gentleman, whose warm 
defence of our ancient tongue deserves the grateful applause of his country. 

After much consideration how to render my performance so full and complete as to engage the approbation 
of the publick, and as the curious nature of the undertaking demands, I determined to make it a digest of the 
Cornish-British language, by introducing in the First Part the marrow of Mr. Lhuyd's Grammar, with some 
additions, in which are incorporated his instructions for the reading of old British MSS. I hope this very 
learned Introduction to Philology, which I have reprinted at the entrance of my book, will not be found out 
of its place. The Second Part contains my Vocabulary, consisting of several thousand words, collected and 
arranged from the materials already mentioned. This hath employed the labour of many years ; and perhaps, 
a work of a drier kind hath seldom been undertaken by any harmless drudge whomsoever.* As the whole of 
the Cotton Vocabulary is inserted, I have taken care to note each word from that ancient remain, with this 
mark f- The Third and last Part consists of the Cornish Proper Names of Hundreds, Parishes, Villages, ftc, 
with their distinctions of the old and modem Cornish set forth in the concisest manner I could adopt, so that 

* See Dr. Johneon on the wotd Lezioographer.— /ilToie ly Prpm,) 

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APPEl^DES:. 211 

the reader may, at a single glance, apprehend the difference. This is followed by the Creed, Pater Noster, and 
Decalogne in both Ancient and Modem Cornish, and also Mottoes, Proyeibs, and Sayings in the vulgar Cornish ; 
with the last correspondence between Mr. Lhuyd and Mr. Tonkin. 

I wish, indeed, it had been within the compass of my knowledge, to have rendered the Yocabolary per- 
fect and complete ; but the scanty and limited materials I had to consult, rendered every hope of that kind 
abortive ; For according to the best information I have been able to procure, there are no other Cornish MSS. to 
be met with any where, beside those I have already mentioned ; from which I have extracted those words in 
the Vocabulary, which are to be found in them, illustrated by numerous quotations from them, which are 
familiar to the language of scripture and the popular idiom. 

As for the vulgar Cornish now spoken, it is so confined to the extremest comer of the county, and those 
ancient persons who still pretend to jabber it, are even there so few ; the speech itself is so cormpted, and the 
people toO| for the most part, are so illiterate, that I cannot but wonder at my patience, and assume some merit 
to myself, for my singular industry, in collecting the words which I have accumulated from oral intelligence ; 
especially, as hardly any of the persons whom I have consulted, could give a tolerable account of the ortho- 
graphy, much less of the etymology, or derivation of those words, which they use ; for they often join, or 
rather run two or three words together, making but one of them all, though their pronunciation is generally 
coirect : — ^As for instance, MfrastadUf which they pronounce in one breath, as if it were a single word, whereas 
it is a contraction of four, Meor *ras tha D§w ; '' Many thanks to God," anciently written, Maur grot tha Deu^ 
and, M0ra$thawhy^ *< Many thanks to you," a contraction of Mtmr Wm tha why. 

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In the Introdnction it is said that Dr. Banniftei's unfinished MS. ci an Knglish-Oomish DiotionaiT lies 
boned in the British Mnseom. This is trae, but it should be explained that since the flMt part of this 
book was printed. Dr. James Jago, of Troro, has informed me that " The Boyal Institution of Cornwall is 
in possession of a copy of Dr. Williams's Comuh'BriUsh Zexicon, presented by the widow of Dr. Bannister, 
and containing on interleaves of writing-paper fre^ from print, plentiful notes from his hand, Taried and 
elaborate, and ranging throughout the work." 

It is to be hoped that one day Dr. Bannister's MSS. will be printed. They cannot but be valuable, coming 
as they do, from one so weU acquainted with Ancient Cornish. 

In the Introduction, p. lY., line 9, for gentlemen, 
read gentleman. 

On p. 41, line 16, for VOILENT, read VIOLENT. 

Under the following *' words " (in capitals) the 
corrections are : — 

(ABLE.) YE MIGHT BE ABLE. For 3 pers. s., r^Ml 

2 pers. pi. 
ABOYE. For ahueh, read ahuch. 
AFTER or BEHIND. For adhethar, read adhelhar. 
AMAZED. For muscoe, museok, read muscoc, muscok. 
ANCESTORS. For henlasou, read hendasou (PI.). 
ANXIETY. For fyenesow, read fyenasow. 
APRON. For goul and pune, read gaul an gum. 

AS WELL, For Lath ny gami ta^ read Lath ny ganei 

magi ta. 
AS MANY AS. For hynifer, read kynifer. 

BACK. (Of the body). For War an aywen, read 

War an dywen. 
(BIT.) A SMALL BIT or PIECE. For Dm vyihol 

na thovtgane, read Den vythol na thovtgane peg. 

BLESSED, part, and adf. For blesssed Ood, read 

blessed God. 
BRAGGING. For tds ha trdi, read fds ha trde. 
BUTTOCKS. For pedennow, read pedrennow. 
HE CAN. YoT neth retA nerih, 

CAUSE or REASON. For tell use the cause, read 

tell us the cause. 
CHAMPION. For C6dwiir, read Cadwiir. 
DEBTOR. For keudoner, read kendoner. 
DELUGE. For kyel, read dyeL 
DESPATCH. For toysh, read toyth. 


DISPUTE. For he (the last word), read here, 

DOOR-POST. For dnm, read dum. 

DRINK. (Liquor, beer). "Eveugh, p.;" is mis- 
placed. It means drink, or drink ye, the 2 pers. pi. 
imper. of eva^ to drink. 

FALSEHOOD. Stram is singular, not plural. 

HE MAY FETCH. For cervho, read cercho. 


FINE. (Slender, thin). For moiu, read moin. 

FIRMAMENT. For fyrvan, read fyrvav (fyrvau). 

FISH-POND. For Hiscltn, read Pisdln. 

FULFIL. For konlenuel, read kovlenuel. 

FURY, A SHE DEVIL. For dshonl^, read dsboules. 

GENTLE. (Easy). For H^kh, read HMh. 

GIRL. For morion, read moroin. 

HOW. For fetiyl, read fettyl. 

ILL-DEED. For dhroloceth, read dhrocoleth. 



KEEN. For dyn, read dyn, b. ; and for feyn, read 

tyen, p. 
LAMENT, V. For garlarow, read galarow. 

LAMENTATION. For dhnan, read dbuan, and for 
croffolae, read croflolas. 

LOOK, LOOK. For u^, read mir. 
METHUSALEH. For 1435, read cw. 1485. 
TO MAKE A NET. For Lreedy, read Breedy. 
OWNER. For Tatym thym, read Tetyn thym. 
RECONCILE. For #., read v. (verb). 
RIGHT, o^f. (Correct). For #9ii Ay«, read mw (^mw) ^#. 
ROLL, V. For Rgruatt, read Egruatt. 
RUBBISH. For head or rocky, read hard or rocky. 
A FEMALE RULER. For Luifanis, read Ruifanis, 
SERVANT. For gnAs, read guAs. 

SHAME, $. (Bashfulness). The quotation, Ty afeth 
mith, should have been under SHAME, «. (Infamy)} 

WITH THEM. For gansy, cw. 1452, read ganssy, 

cw. 1452. 

Page 196.— In the Lord's Prayer. For '' with the is 

thee dominion," read '' with thee is the dominion.'' 

Genesis. — In the 7th ?erse, for an dowrow eei, read an 
duwrow esens. 

In the 4th Commandment, for ''all that is to the to do," 
read ''all that is to thee to do," and in the 10th 
Commandment, for " warfen, read " worfen." 

Page 204, line 14 from the bottom, for ZaymeTf read 

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Bennett, W. B., Esq., Escot, Penzance. 

Boase, Charles W., Esq., Exeter College, Oxford. 

Boase, George Clement, Esq., 15, Queen Anne's Gate, 

Westminster, 8-W. 
Bolitho, William, jun., Esq., Ponsandane, Pensance. 
Bond, Kinton, Esq., The Crescent, Plymouth: 
Boyle, Thomas, Esq., Newquay, ComwalL 
Bonython, J. L., Esq., Adelaide, South Australia. 
Brushfield, T. N., Esq., h.]>., The Cliff, Budleigh- 

Bumard, Robert, Esq., 3, Hillsborough, Mannamead. 

Carew, W. F. Pole, Esq., Antony House. 

Courtney, Leonard, Esq., m.p., 15, Cheyne Walk, 

Clyma, Mr. W. J., St. Nicholas Street, Truro. 
Coode, Edward, Esq., Polapit, Tamar, Launceston. 
Curgenven, J. Brenden, Esq., 12, Crayon Hill Gardens, 

London, W. 
Cornwall County Library, Truro, Edward Parkyn, Esq., 

Crofts, E. Whitfield, Esq., Alverton Lodge, Pensance. 

Fisher, Edward, Esq., Abbotsbury, Newton Abbot. 
Foster, Richard, Esq., Lanwithan, Lostwithiel. 

Free Public Library, Whimple Street, Plymouth, W. 

H. K. Wright. Esq., Librarian. 
Free Public Library, Birkenhead, W. May, Esq., 

Free Library, Dundee, N.B., J. F. Meare, Esq., Chief 


Gilbert, C. Davies, Esq. 

Harrison, Rev. David J., Ludgvan Rectory, Penzance. 
Holman, Frederick, Esq., 9, North Parade, Penzance. 

Jago, John Rowse, Esq., Lynher Cottage, St. Germans. 
Jago, Richard, Esq., Halwell House, Plymouth. 

Eevem, J. T., Esq., Penzance. 

Tiatimer, I., Esq., Glen View, Mannamead, Plymouth. 
Luke, Mr. W. H., Bedford Street, Plymouth. 
Library of the Corporation of the City of London, 

W. H. Overall, Esq., Librarian. 
Library of the Supreme Council for the ttouthom 

JuriJBdiction, Washington, America, Albert Pike, 

Esq., ('urator of the Library. 
Libraiy of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro. 

Mount Edgcumbe, The Right Honourable the Earl of. 

H^ne, Rev. James, Pons a Yerran, Constantine, near 

Moore, Rev. Charles, Garlenick, Grampound, ComwalL 
Magor, Mr. M., 24, Chapel Street, Penzance. 
Martin, T., Esq., Alston, Plympton. 

Moore, A. W., Esq., Editor of the Manx Note Booh^ 

Isle of Man. 
Matthews, J. H., Esq., Grosvenor Place, Ripley, Derby. 
Meeres, Dr., St. Andrew's Terrace, Plymouth, 
killett, G. B., Esq., Penzance. 

Penny, Rev. Edward L., d.d., Coryton, Plymouth. 
Peter, Richard, Esq., The Cottage, Launceston. 
Pye, Rev. Francis W., Rectory, Blisland. 
Pethybridge, John, Esq., Bodmin, ComwalL 
Pattison, Dr. W. T. A., Bath. 
Pearce, Gilbert P., Esq., Hayle, Cornwall. 

Pearce, Mark Guy, Esq., 21, Cotham New Road, 

Penberthy, Professor John, Roval Veterinary College, 

Camden Town, London, N. W. 

Penzance Public Library, P. Hedgeland, Esq., Hon. Sec. 
Plymouth Proprietary Library, Cornwall St., Plymouth* 
Public Library, Leeds, James Tates, Esq., Librarian. 

Rashleigh, Jonathan, Esq., Menabilly, Par Station, 

Rhys, John, Esq., Professor of Celtic University, 

Rogers, Dr. James, Saltash, ComwalL 

St. Aubyn, Edward, Esq., Manor Lodge, Devonport. 
Szyrma, Rev. W. S. Lach, 4, Canterbury Street, 

Smith, G. S., Esq., Trevu, Camborne, Cornwall. 

Stokes, Whitley, Esq., ll.]>., 15, Grenville Plaee, 
London, 8.W. 

Trelawny, Jago, Major General, Coldrenick, laskeard. 
Tremayne, John, Esq., Heligan, St. Austell. 
Tresidder, T. J., Esq., Corfield, St Dye, Comwall 

Thomas, S. V., Esq., r.m.H.s., West Parley Curacy, 

Winboume Minster. 
Tremenheere, H. S., Esq., 43, Thurloe Square, London, 

Treweeke, G. Esq., St. Ives, Comwall. 
Tmscott. C, Esq., Cusgame, St. Austell. 
Torquay Natural History Society, W. Pengelly, Esq., 

Hon. Sec. 

Victor, Mr. Bumard, Moushole, Comwall. 

Williams, B., Esq., 17, River Street, Truro. 
Wright, W. H. K., Esq., Headland Park, Plymouth. 

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